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Full text of "Coaling, docking, and repairing facilities of the ports of the world, with analyses of different kinds of coal"

(S^mmll Hmvevjsitj Jitotg 



THE GIFT OF 



QDn. 




f^ • I 1>']9Q,3 'jAltP 



Cornell University Library 

VK361 .U58 1900 



Coaling, docking and repairing facilili 



olin 




3 1924 030 898 252 




Cornell University 
Library 



The original of this book is in 
the Cornell University Library. 

There are no known copyright restrictions in 
the United States on the use of the text. 



http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924030898252 



GQALING, ISOQKING, 



Ain> 



REPAIRING FACILITIES 



OF THE 



PORTS OF THE WORLD, 



WITH 



ANALYSES OF DIFFERENT KINDS OF COAL 



:E'0"crit'ria: exditioit. 




OFFICE OF NAVAL INTELLIGENCE. 



WASHINGTON: 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE. 

1900. 



Navy Department, 

January ^, 1900. 
Commanding officers of United States ships of war will, upon visit- 
ing foreign and home ports, embrace every opportunity to report with- 
out delay all errors and omissions which may occur in this publication, 
together with the corrections therefor, to the Navy Department. 

All other persons who may use or be interested in this publication 
are requested to forward to the above address similar information. 

John D. Long, 

Secretary of the Navy. ■ 



INTRODUCTION, 



The first edition of this work appeared in 1885, in the form of a 
Report upon the Comparative Merits of Anthracite and Bituminous 
Coal, to which was added in a second edition, issued in 1888, a number 
of analyses and tests of different kinds of coal, together with correc- 
tions in the tables to that date. A third edition was issued in 1892, 
omitting the discussion of the relative merits of anthracite and bitu- 
minous coal; the form of the tables was altered in some particulars, 
and many additions and corrections were made. 

In the compilation of Part II of the present edition information 
has been obtained from reports from cruising vessels and other official 
sources, from the proprietors of a number of docks and industrial 
establishments, from various commercial and technical publications, 
and from the Dock Book of the British Hydrographic Office, the 
Shipping World Year Book, Turnbull's Fort Guide for the United 
Kingdom, and Lloyd's Register. 

Richardson Clover, 
Commander, TJ. S. N., Chief Intelligence Officer. 

Navy Department, Januaiij 2. 1900. 



Approved: 

A. S. Crownenshield, 

Chief of Sureau of Navigation. 



CONTENTS, 



Page, 
I. Exhibit of coal to be had at the ports of the North Atlantic, South Atlan- 
tic, Pacific, Asiatic, and European stations 5 

II. Particulars of docking and repairing facilities of the ports of the North 

Atlantic, South Atlantic, Pacific, Asiatic, and European stations 169 

III. Appendix.^-Tests and analyses of coal, etc 373 

IV. Index to ports 385 

4 



I. 



EXHIBIT OF COAL TO BE HAD AT THE PORTS OF THE 

NORTH ATLANTIC, SOUTH ATLANTIC, PACIFIC, 

ASIATIC, AND EUROPEAN STATIONS. 



6 



COALING, DOCKING, AND BEPAIKING 

Exhibit of coal to be had at the folloxuing lake ports, 



Name of port. 



Port Arthur, 

Ontario. 



Two Harbors, 

Minn. 



Duluth.Minn. 



West Superior, Wis. 



Ashland 

and Washburn, 
Wis. 



Marquette, Mich . . 



Sault Ste. Marie, 
Mich. 



Gladstone 

and Escanaba, 
Mich. 



Green Bay, Wis 



Manitowoc, Wis . 



Milwaukee, Wis . . 



Aug. 
1891. 



Apr. 
1892. 



June, 
1899. 



1899 



Kind of coal 
on hand. 



Anthracite .. 
Bituminous . 



Anthracite -. 
Bituminous . 



Anthracite .. 
Bituminous . 



Anthracite .. 

Bituminous; 
HockingValley 
Youghioeheny 

Mansfiela 

West Virginia . 



Anthracite .. 
Bituminous . 



Anthracite . 
Bituminous 



Anthracite . . 
Bituminous . 



Anthracite . . 
Bituminous . 



Anthracite . 
Bituminous 



Anthracite ., 
Bituminous 



Anthracite .. 
Bituminous . 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



Average 

supply during 

year. 



^Ample I 



>Large | 



■Large. 



200,000 



^Ample { 



[■Ample i 



[■Ample \ 



>Ample . 



JAmple I 



>Ample I 



^Large \ 



Cost per ton. 



S4.75 to 85.50 



84.75 f. o. b. 
88.64 f. o. b. 



84. 75 to 85. 50 

$3.36f.o.b. 
83.58 f.o.b. 
83.58 f . o. b. 
83.92 f.o.b. 



84.75 to 85.50 



84.75 to 85.50 
f.o.b. 
83.64 f. 0. b. 



84.75 to 85.50 



84.75 to 85.50 
on cars. 



Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 



20 to 400 f t . . 



30 to 500 ft . 



20 to 400 ft . 



FACILITIES OF THE POETS OF THE WORLD. 
together tvith the usual supply on hand, cost, etc. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 


Government 

coaling 

stations in 

vicinity. 


Coal mining in 
vicinity. 


Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

in italics) . 


Remarks. 




None 

None 

None 

None 

None 

None 

None 

None 

None 

None 

None 




Two Harbors, 
Duluth, 
Ashland, 
Marquette, 
S. Ste. Marie. 

Port Arthur, 
Duluth, 
Ashland, 
Marquette, 
S. Ste. Marie. 

Port Arthur, 
Two Harbors, 
Ashland, 
Marquette, 
S. Ste. Marie. 

Port Arthur, 
Two Marbars, 
Ashland, 
Marquette, 
S. Ste, Mane. 

Dnluth, 
Two Harbors, 
Port Arthur, 
Marquette, 
S. Ste. Marie. 

Duluth, 
Two Harbors, 
Ashland, 
Port Arthur, 
S. Ste. Marie. 

Duluth, 
Two Harbors, 
Ashland, 
Port Arthur, 
Marquette, 
Cheboygan,- 
Escanaba, 
Bay City. 

Green, Bay, 
Milwaukee, 
Chicago, 
Cheboygan, 
Bay City. 

Escanaba, 
Milwaukee, 
Chicago, 
Cheboygan, 
Bay City. 

Escanaba, 

Milwa%tkee, 

Chicago, 

QrandHaven, 

Chebovgan, 

Bay City. 

Escanaba, 
Manitowoc, 
Chicago, 
Grand Haven, 
Cheboygan, 
Bay City. 




Alongside coal docks 

Alongside docks owned 
by Pioneer Fuel Co., 
Northwestern Fuel Co., 
and Ohio Coal Co.; 
best modem facilities; 
no interruption. 

Alongside docks owned 
by St. Paul and Pacific 
Coal Co., Lehigh Coal 
and Iron Co., and Sil- 
ver Creek and Morris 
Coal Co.; best modern 
facilities; no interrup- 
tion. 

Alongside coal docks at 
Ashland; rapid. 


None 




None 


The harbor (Duluth and 

' West Superior) is closed 

by ice from middle of 

December to beginning 

of April. 

Coal is brought chiefly 


None . 




from Buffalo, Erie, and 
Clevelan<i'; storage 
places for fuel for tne 
entire Northwest. 


None 


Terminus C. & N. W. E. R. ; 






coal comes- chiefly by 
lake from Buffalo, Erie, 
and Cleveland. 

Navigation interrupted 


Alongside wharf by 
wheelbarrows; rapid. 




from early in December 
to latter part of April. 






Alongside coal docks in 
15 ft. of water; no in- 
terruption. 


None 


- 


None 











COALING, DOCKING, AND EEPAIBING 

Mxhibil of coal to be had at the following lake ports, 



Name of port. 


Date 


Kind of coal 
on hand. 


Tons 

of each at 

date. 


Average 

supply during 

year. 


Cost per ton. 


Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 


Cliicago, 111 


1899 

1899 
1899 


Anthracite 

Bituminous: 

Illinois 

Indiana .-•-... 

Ohio 


Larg 


e supply. 


$4.75 on cars. 

$2.02 to $2.69 
$2.13 to $2.63 
$3.36 to $4.48 
$3.75 to $3.86 
$3.92 

$4.75 








Grand Haven, 


Pennsylvania 
WestVirginia. 

Anthracite 


Mich. 










Cheboygan, Mich.. 








$3.50 to $4.75 




Bituminous 








Algoma, Ontario. . . 










Collingwood, 


1883 
1883 
1899 

1899 

Aug., 
1883. 

1899 


Bituminous 




400 to 800 
700 

e supply. 1 

[■Large | 

•1,000 to 1, 500 

supply. 


$4.75 f. 0. b.; 
$4.95 stowed. 

$4.60f.o.b. 
$3.50 to $4.75 


15 ft 


Ontario. 
Owen Sound, 


Bituminous 




10 ft 


Ontario. 
Bay City, 


Anthracite 

Bituminous 

Anthracite 


]■ Ampl 




West Bay City, 




Saginaw, and 
East Saginaw, 
Mich. 

Port Huron, Mich. . 


$3.50 to $4.75 




Bituminous 




30 ft 


Port Sarnia, 


Anthracite 

Bituminous 

Anthracite 

Bituminous 

(Ohio.) 


500 
500 

Larg 


$6.00 to $7.00 

f.o.b. 
$3.00f.o.b. 
Stowing, per 

ton, 25 cents. 

$3.50 to $4.75 

in cars. 
$2.80 to $3.30 

in cars. 


Ontario. 
Detroit, Mich 




Windsor, Ontario.. 




Amherstburg, 


1891 
1899 

1899 












Ontario. 
Toledo, Ohio 


Bituminous 

(Ohio.) 
Anthracite 

Bituminous 

(Ohio.) 


Large 


supply. 








Moderate supply. 




Coal in cars 
on wharf. 


Sandusky 
and Huron, 

Ohio. 


8,000 


Ample 


$2.50 to $2.86 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE "WORLD. 

together iirith the tisual supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 


Government 

coaling 

stations in 

vicinity. 


Coal mining in 
vicinity. 


Next coaling 

ports en route. 

(the nearest 

ia italics). 


Remarks. 


At coal docks; ■ 18 ft. of 
water alongside; rapid; 
no interruption. 


None 

None 

None 

None 

None 

None 

None 

None 

None 

None 

None 

None 

None 

None 


Nearest at Wil- 
mington, 50 
miles distant. 

Nearest at Co- 
runna, 100 
miles distant 
by rail. 


Escanaba, 
Manitowoc, 
Milwaukee, 
Grand Haven, 
Cheboygan, 
Bay City. 

Escanaba, 
Milwaukee, 
Chicago, 
Cheboygan, 
Bay City. 

Chicago, 
Milwaukee, 
Escanaba, 
S. Ste. Marie, 
Bay City. 

S. Ste. Marie, 
Owen Sound, 
Bay City. 

Owen Sound, 
Algoma, 
Bay City. 

Collingwood, 
Algoma, 
Bay City. 

Chicago, 
. Milwaukee, 
Escanaba, 
S. Ste. Marie, 
Collingwood, 
Owen Sound, 
Port Huron, 
Detroit, 
Toledo, 
Sandusky, 
Cleveland. 

Bay City, 

Detroit, 

Toledo. 

Bay City, 

Detroit, 

Toledo. 

Bay City, 
Port Huron, 
Toledo, 
Sandusky, 
Cleveland. 

As for Detroit. 

As for Detroit. 

Bay City, 

Port Hu-on, 

Detroit, 

Amherstburg, 

Sandusky, 

Cleveland. 

Detroit, 
Toledo, 

Lorain, 

Cleveland, 

Ashtabula, 

Erie, 

Buffalo. 












Straits of Mackinaw 
usually closes about 
Dec. 5 and opens about 
Apr. 20. 

Duty on soft coal 60 cents 


At wharf; rapid; no in- 
terruption. 

At wharf; rapid; no in- 
terruption. 


None 


per ton, anthracite free. 






At Sebewaing, 
30 miles dis- 
tant, 100 tons 
per day, with 
hoistingcapa- 
city for 1,400; 
also at Corun- 
na, about 60 
miles distant, 
12,600 tons 
output, 1890. 

At Corunna, 
about 75 miles 
distant. 


Coal freights from Cleve- 




land,40 cents per ton. 
Coal freights from Cleve- 


At wharf by wheelbar- 
rows; slow. 


land, 30 to 36 cents per 
ton. 


At Jackson, 75 
miles distant; 
68,000 tons 
output, 1890. 

None 


Receipts by lake, about 




90,000 tons per year. 


Alongside coal docks; no 
interruption. 

Alongside coal docks by 
large coal buckets; 
rapid; no interruption. 

At Sandusky, alongside 
E. E. wharves, in 14 to 
15 ft. of water, by der- 
ricks, directly from 
cars; 50 tons per hour; 
no interruption except 
at rare Intervals; at Hu- 
ron similar facilities. 


None 










Distance from SaMlusky 




to Huron, 9 miles. 



10 



COALING, DOCKING, AND EEPAIKING 

Exhibit of coal to be had at the folknving lake ports. 



Name of port. 


Date. 


Kind of coal 
on hand. 


Tons 

of each at 

date. 


Average 

supply during 

year. 


Cost per ton. 


Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 




1899 


Bituminous 

rOhio.) 


Ample supply. 














Sept., 
1891. 


Bituminous 

(Pittsburg) 

Bituminous 

(Ohio.) 
Anthracite 


1 


t 


t2.50 
$1.90 to 33.08 






I Large supply. i. 








Amp 


e supply. 


$5.00 




Ashtabula, Ohio . . . 
Erie, Pa 


1899 




Lar{ 
Larj 


e supply. 
:e supply. 






1899 


(Ohio.) 

Bituminous 

(chiefly from 
Pittsburg 
district.) 




10 to 15 yds. 






Buflalo,N.Y 


1899 


Anthracite 

Bituminous: 
Brier Hill, 

Ohio. 




1 


$5.00 to $5.50 
, f.o.b. 
$4.48f.o.b. 






> Large supply. 








Pennsylvania. 






82.50 to $3.25 
f.o.b. 




Port Colbome, 


1891 


Anthracite 

Ritimiinnus 










Ontario. 










1891 


Anthracite 

Bituminous 




-,-,- ._ ,__ r 




Coal on docks 
at canal 
bank. 


Ontario. 














Port Dalhousie, 


1891 


Anthracite 










Ontario, 


Bituminous 










Hamilton, Ontario. 


Aug., 
1887. 


Anthracite 

Bituminous 


Ample J 
supply.' 


67,000 tons im- 
ported 1886. 

63,000 tons im- 
ported 1886. 


$6.25 on wharf. 
$5.28 on wharf. 








Toronto, Ontario . . 


Nov., 
1890. 


Anthracite ..... 
Bituminous 


Ample I 
supply.] 


280,000 tons 
reed 1890. 

180,000 tons 
rec'd 1890. 


$6.00 on wharf. 
$3.50 on wharf. 










Nov., 
1891. 


Anthracite 






$5.75 retail. 












Port Hope 

and Ooburg, 
Ontario. 


Aug., 
1883. 


Anthracite 

Bituminous 


12,000 
10,000 


3,000 


$6.25 f.o.b. 
$6.00 f.o.b. 


100 yards for 
draught of 
11 ft.; i 
















mile for 
greater 
draught 



FACILITIES OF THE POBTS OF THE WORLD. 



11 



together imth tJie usual supply cm hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



Manner ot coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 


Government 
coaling 

stations m 
vicinity. 


Coal mining in 
vloinity. 


Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

initalica). 


Remarks. 


By coal derricks on R. R. 
wharves; rapid. 


None 




Detroit, 
Toledo, 
Sandusky, 
Cleveland. 








At docks along water 
front, orat government 
pier. Whiskey Island,or 
by lighters carrying re- 
volving derricks ; rapid. 


None 


Within 40 miles; 
more exten- 
sivein Mahon- 
ing and Stark 
counties; most 
extensive in 
S. E. part of 
State. 


Detroit, 

Toledo, 

Sandusky, 

Lorain, 

Ashtabula, 

Erie, 

Buffalo. 




At coal docks or by steam 
lighters; rapid. 


None 


None in imme- 
diate vicinity. 


Detroit, 

Toledo, 

Sandusky, 

Cleveland, 

Erie, 

Buffalo. 




At wharf by wheelbar- 
rows; moderately rapid; 
navigation interrupted 
by ice in winter. 


None 


Nearest in Mer- 
cer County, 
about 100 
miles distant. 


Detroit, 

Toledo, 

Sandusky, 

Cleveland, 

Ashtabula, 

Buffalo. 




At coal docks or by steam 
lighters; rapid; lake 
navigation closed from 
early in December to 
middle of April. 






Detroit, 

Toledo, 

Sandusky, 

Cleveland, 

Ashtabula, 
















Port Colborne, 
St. Catharines, 
Charlotte. 










Erie, 

Buffalo, 

St. Catharines, 

Toronto, 

Charlotte. 


Soft coal comes chiefly 








from Erie, anthracite 
from Buffalo. 


Good facilities; naviga- 
tion interrupted in 
winter. 

1 




None 


Erie, 

Buffalo, 

Port Colborne, 

P. Dalhousie, 

Toronto, 

Charlotte. 


Coal chiefly from Erie and 






Buffalo; navigation of 
Welland Canal inter- 
rupted from beginning 
of December to end of 
April. 








Erie, 

Buffalo, 

St. Catharines, 

Toronto, 

Charlotte. 


Coal is brought from Erie, 
Buffalo, Cnarloftej and 
Fairhaved; canal and' 
lake navigation closed 
in winter. 








At wharf; good facilities. 






Erie, 
Buffalo, 
P. Dalhousie, 
Toronto, 
Charlotte. 


All coal imported is from 






United States. 


At wharf; good facilities; 
12 ft. water alongside; 
new pier building in 
west ohannel in deeper 
wai;er. 


None 




Hamilton, 
P. Dalhousie, 
Charlotte, 
Port Hope. 


All coal impdrted is from 




United States; duty on 
soft coal 60 cents per 
ton, anthracite free. 


By carls ; rapid ; some- 
times interrupted by 
ice in winter. 


None 




P. Dalhousie, 

Toronto, 

Charlotte, 

Oswego, 

Belleville,' 

Kingston. 


All coal imported is from 




United States. 



12 



COALING, DOCKING, AND EEPAIBING 

Exhibit of coal to be had at the following lake ports, 



Name of port. 


Date. 


Kind of coal 
on hand. 


Tons 

of each at 

date. 


Average 

supply during 

year. 


Cost per ton. 


Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 


Charlotte, N. Y . . . . 

li'airhaven N Y 


Oct., 
1891. 

1899 

June, 
1899. 

Oct., 
1883. 

Sept., 
1883. 

Aug., 
1887. 


Anthracite 

Bituminous 

Anthracite 

Bituminous 

Anthracite 

None 


10,000 
5,000 

1 Large 
1 supply 
I available 
by rail. 

Large 
supply. 

None 


10,000 
3,000 

Large 


$4.59 
$3.26 


About 10 ft. 








Oswego, N. Y' 

Picton, Ontario 


84.75 to $5.50 
retail. 






Belleville, Ontario. 


Anthracite 

Bituminous 

(Pa.) 

Anthracite 

Bituminous 

(Pa.) 


7,000 
3,000 

} 5,000 


6,000 


86.50 f.o.b. 
$4.60 f . 0. b. 

$5.00 f.o.b. 

83.75 f.o.b. 

Stowing, per 

ton, 25 cents. 


50 to 100 ft. 
for vessels 
of 10 to 12 
ft. draught. 

40 ft 


Xlngston, Ontario. 


5,000| 







Exhibil of coal to be had at the follovAng St. Lawrence River 



Broclcville, Ontario 


Oct., 
1891. 

1899 

Aug., 
1887, 

Nov., 
1891. 

Dec, 
1896. 


Anthracite 






$5.50 retail. 














Ogdensburg, N. Y. . 


(Pa.) 

Anthracite 

Bituminous 

Bituminous 

(Pa.) 

Cape Breton 

Scotch 


\ Consider 
8,000 

15,000 


able supply. ■ 

About 20, 000 
tons import- 
ed yearly. 

10,000 to 50000,i 


84.75 to $5.50 
retail. 






Prescott, Ontario . . 
Itlontreal, Quebec. . 


83.25 f.o.b. 

$3.75 to 84.00 
84.30, ex ship. 
86.00 retail. 


Short 




Anthr'te (U.S.). 
Scotch 




Welsh 










Lancashire 








Sorel, Quebec 


Lower port 


Abl 


mdant. 


$3.20 for Lower 
Province. 


Three Kivers, 


Aug., 
1883. 

Sept., 
1883. 

July, 
1887. 


None for sale... 

Anthracite : 

American 

Welsh 

Bituminous : 

Pictou 

Sydney 

English 

Scotch 

Welsh 

Anthr'te (0. S.) . 
Bituminous 


None 








Quebec. 
Quebec, Quebec... 


18,000 
1,000 

2,000 
2,000 
3,000 
20,000 
4,000 
4,000 


60,000 

5,000 
20,000 


$6.50 stowed. 
$5.40 stowed. 

$4.00 stowed. 
$3.75 stowed. 
$4.25 stowed. 
$4.25 stowed. 
$5.25 stowed. 
$6.05 stowed. 


At wharf. 
Princess 
Louise Em- 
bankment, 
a few feet ; 
at anchor- 
age in 
stream, ^ 
to 4 mile. 











FACILITIES OP THE POETS OF THE "WORLD. 



13 



together with the usual supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 


Government 

coaling 

stations m 

vicinity. 


Coal mining in 
vicinity. 


Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

ia itcdics). 


Remarks. 


At wharf, with 15 ft. 
alongside ; 50 tons per 
hour, or as rapidly as 
coal can be stowed; 
navigation interrupted 
from November to April. 


None 

None 




P. Dalhousie, 

Toronto, 

Port Hope, 

Fairhaven, 

Oswego, 

Kingston. 

Charlotte, 
Oswego, 
Belleville, 
Kingston. 

Chariotte, 
Fairhaven, 
Belleville, 
Kingston. 

Belleville, 
Kingston, 
Oswego, 
Charlotte. 

Charlotte, 

Oswego, 

Kingston. 

Oswego, 

Belleville, 

Brockville, 

Ogdensburg, 

Prescott. 




None . 










No facilities. 


British, at 
Kingston, 
to be es- 
tablished, 
1887. 

British, at 
Kingston, 
to be es- 
tablished, 
1887. 

British, to 
be estab- 
lished. 


None 




By wheelbarrows from 
sheds on docks; harbor 
closed in winter. 

At wharf by wheelbar- 
rows ; rather slow; 
lighters can be ob- 




At unusually high water 


None 


vessels of 14 ft. draught 
can enter harbor. 







ports, together with the usual supply on hand, cost, etc. 



At wharves; excellent 
facilities; no interrup- 
tion during season of 
navigation; vessels not 
able to come to city can 
coal at lower docks. 



At wharves: 18 to 36 ft. 
of water alongside. 

At wharf or by lighters ; 
40O to 500 tons per day ; 
liable to interruption 
late in fall. 



None . 



None 
None 
None 



None . 



None . 



None. 



None. 



None 
None 
None 



Kingston, 

Ogdensburg 

Montreal. 



Kingston, 

Prescott, 

Montreal. 

Kingston, 

Ogcdn^mrg. 

Montreal. 



Quebec. 



Montreal, 
Quebec. 



Montreal, 



Montreal, 

Gaspi, 

Newcastle, 

Summerside, 

Charlottetown 

Pictou. 



Nova Scotia coal ia sold 
as far west as this point, 
but here and to the 
westward American 
coal has the market. 



11,700 tons of coal re- 
ceived during 1890. 

Coal receipts at Quebec 
(1890) , 62,000 tons. 



14 



COALING, DOOEING, AND BEPAIRING 

Exhibit of coal to be had at the following North Atlantic Station 



Name o£ port. 


Date 


Kind of coal 
on hand. 


Tons 

of ejich at 

date. 


Average 

supply during 

year. 


Cost per ton. 


Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 


GaspcS, Quebec 


Sept., 
1896. 


Anthracite 

Bituminous 

(Pictou.) 


Uo0to500 


400 to 500 


$7.50 
84.75 






Newcastle, 
New Brunswick. 


1883 


Bituminous 


1,000 


1,000 


$4.40 to $5.40 
stowed. 


i to i mile. 


Summerside, 
Prince Edward 
Island. 


Aug., 
1883. 


Bituminous : 

Pictou 

Sydney 


2,000 
500 


} 500{ 


$3.00 alongside. 
$3.60 alongside. 
Stowing, per 
ton, $1. 


J to i mile. 


Tidnish 


Sept. 
1891. 


Bituminous 

(Xova Scotia.) 








Nova Scotia. 


b 


' rail. 








Sept. 
1897. 






6,000 tons 
durii^g the 
winter. 

3,000 






Prince Edward 
Island. 


Bituminous : 

Pictou 

Sydney....... 


1 


$3.07 alongside. 




Pictou, Nova Scotia 


Nov., 
1883. 

Aug., 
1896. 


Bituminous . 

Bituminous 


Large 
supply. 

Pie 


500,000 to 
750,000 tons 
yearly out- 
,put. 
ntiful. 


$2.50, best 
screened, on 
wharf. 

$2.50 








Georgetown, 


July, 
1883. 


None for sale... 










Prince Edward 
Island. 












Souris, 


July, 
1883. 


None 


-None 








Prince Edward 
Island. 










Port Hood, 


189U 












OapeBreton Id., 
Nova Scotia. 












Amherst, 


July, 
1883. 


Bituminous 

(Pictou.) 


Small 
supply. 


Not to be 
depended 
upon. 






Magdalen Ids. 






Tilt Cove, 


1884 


Welsh 


200 


200 


$6.25 on wharf. 




Newfoundland. 


(Owned by the 
copper min- 
ing company.) 




St. Johns, 

Newfoundland. 


Nov., 
1896. 


Cape Breton 

Welsh 


Large 
supply. 


12,00d| 


$3.85 to $4.20 

$6.00 

$7.00 to $7.50 


100 ft 




Anthr'te (U. S.) . 


St. Pierre, 

Miquelon Ids. 


1883 

Feb., 
1897. 


Anthracite 

Bituminous 

(Sydney.) 
Cape Breton 


|- 600 


500| 
2iO00 


$8.00f.o.b. 
$5.00,f.o.b. 


1 mile to an- 
chorage in 
roads. 








Sydney and 
North Sydney, 
Cape Breton Id., 
Nova Scotia. 


July, 
188,4. 


Bituminous 


Large 
supply. 


260,000 tons 
yearly out- 
put. 


$2.00f.o.b. 





FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE "WORLD. 



15 



ports, together wiih the usual supply on hand, cost, etc. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 



Government 

coaling 

stations In 

vicinity. 



Coal mining in 
vicinity. 



Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

in italics) . 



Remarks. 



By lighters ; slow: 50 
cents a ton for stowing. 



By lighters from sheds ; 
slow ; no interruption. 



Hauled in oars to wharf, 
then on board in tubs 
or baskets ; slow. 



By lighters; slow; vessels 
of 15 ft. draught can 
go to wharves. 



By chutes from elevated 
railways; rapid; ves- 
sels of 23 ft. draught 
can go alongside; har- 
bor closed by ice in win- 
ter. 100 tons per hour. 



No facilities. 



No regular facilities . 



For vessels not exceeding 
18 ft. draught, along- 
side wharf, 200 tons per 
day ; for larger vessels, 
by boats ; slow. 



By lightera, 200 tons per 
day, or from loaded 
vessels alongside, or 
at wharf; seldom in- 
terrupted. 



By lighters; slow. 



Coaling piers, chutes, and 
drops; 500 tons per day; 
no interruption except 
by ice, .Tanuary to May. 



None . 



None . 



None . 



None . 



None . 



None . 



None . 



None . 



None . 



None . 



None - 



Trench . 



None . 



None . 



None - 



Joggins mines, 
about 35 miles 
distant by 
rail ; output, 
300 tons per 
day. 



None on Prince 
Edward Id. 



Extensive; five 
collieries, with 
all improved 
facilities ; out- 
put, 475,000 
tons, 1890. 



Quebec, 

Newcastle, 

Pictou. 

Quebec, 

Oaspi, 

Pictou. 

Quebec, 
Newcastle, 
Charlottetown, 
Pictou. 



Quebec, 

Newcastle, 

Summerside, 

Charlottetown 

Pictou. 



Quebec, 
Summerside, 
Fidou, 
Halifax. 



Quebec, 

Newcastle, 

Summerside, 

Charlottetown, 

Sydney, 

Halifax. 



None Pictou, 

Halifax. 



None - 



To a limited ex- 
tent. 



None - 



None . 



None . 



Extensive; Gen- 
eral Mining 
Association of 
London. 



Pictou, 
Halifax. 



Pictou, 

Port Mulgrave, 

Halifax. 

Newcastle, 

Pictou, 

Sydney. 

Eeikiavik, 
St. Johns. 



Reikiavik, 
Quebec, 
St. Pierre, 
Sydney, 
Halifax. 



St. Johns, 

Sydney, 

Halifax. 



St. Johns, 
St. Pierre, 
Lingan, 
Cow Bay, 
Louisburg, 
Halifax. 



Harbor frozen up from 
November to April. 



Gulf of St. Lawrence 
terminus, Chignecto 
Marine Transport 
Rwy., for vessels of 
2,000 tons ; nearly com- 
pleted; length, Tidnish 
to Amherst, 17 miles. 

Harbor frozen up in win- 
ter. 



Total cop.l production of 
Nova Scotia, 1890, in- 
cluding collieries of 
Pictou, Sydney, and 
Cumberland districts, 
1,950,000 tons. 

Coal can be obtained in 
case of emergency. 



Can be obtained in case 
of emergency. 



Supply on hand given In 
tables refers to amount 
usually obtainable by 
vessels; copper mining 
company carry a some- 
what larger stock for 
their own use. 

Frozen up in winter. 



■No supply for sale in win- 
ter. 



The Sydney mines are on 
the north side of Syd- 
ney Harbor; Victoria 
mines, 9 miles distant. 



16 



COALING, DOCKING, AND BEPAIEING 

Exhibit of coal to be had at the folloiiing North Atlantic Station 



Name of port. 



Kind of coal 
on hand. 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



Average 

supply during 

year. 



Cost per ton. 



Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 



Lingan, 
Cape Breton Id., 
Nova Scotia. 



Cow Bay, 
Cape Breton Id., 
Nova Scotia. 



Louisburg, 
Cape Breton Id., 
Nova Scotia. 



Arichat, 

Madame Id., 
Nova Scotia. 



Port Hawkesbury, 

Cape Breton Id., 

Nova Scotia. 



Port Mulgrave, 
Nova Scotia. 



Cape Canso, 

Nova Scotia. 



Halifax, 

Nova Scotia. 



Lunenburg, 

Nova Scotia. 

Liverpool, 

Nova Scotia. 



Shelburne, 

Nova Scotia. 



Yarmouth, 

Nova Scotia. 



Digby, Nova Scotia 



Annapolis, 

N< 



ova Scotia. 



Windsor 
and Hantsport, 
Nova Scotia. 



1884 



June, 
1883. 



Bituminous . . 



Bituminous 



Bituminous . 



Large supply. 



1,000 
(700 tons 
shipped 
daily.) 



10,000 
(in winter) . 



Large supply. 



S1.75 £. o. b. at 

wharf. 
Stowing, per 

ton, 15 cents. 



$2.45 stowed. 



A mine 100 
yds. from 
wharf: oth- 
er mines 1 
mile distant. 



None . 



Aug. 
1896. 



Aug. 
1896. 



Nov. 
1883. 



Aug., 
1887. 
July, 
1896. 



None . 



None . 



Bituminous .. 



Small 
supply. 



Nova Scotia . 
Anthracite . . 
Patent fuel.. 
Anthracite . . 
Bituminous . 



10,000 
1,500 



July, 
1896. 



Nova Scotia 



Nova Scotia 

Anthr'te (U. S.) 



Ample sup- 
ily availa- 
»le by rail. 



Si 



Small supply. 



4,000 
3,000 



4,000 
7,000 



93.00 to S4.00 



S4.00 to $6.00 

$5.00 to $7.00 

$5.00 

$5.50 

$3.00 to $3.50 



i mile from 
sheds to an- 
chorage. 



Ample supply available 
by rail. 



100 
50 



Aug., 
1884. 



Aug., 
1884. 



Aug., 
1884. 



Aug., 
1884. 



Semi-anthracite 



None . 



$4.60 
$6.00 



4,000 2,000 

(Chiefly for domestic 
use.) 



$4.50 



None . 



Anthracite . . . 
Bituminous .. 



Anthracite . . . 
Bituminous .. 



160 
260 



200 
300 



300 



10 to 100 yds . 



i mile . 



500 



3.75 to $4.50: 
delivery and 
stowing, per 
ton, 60 cents. 

$6.50 f. o. b. 
$4.00 f. 0. b. 



At wharf, 300 
to 400 yds.! 
at tinchor- 
age, i mile. 



If at wharf, 
50 ft. 



FACILITIES OF THE POETS OF THE WORLD. 



17 



ports, together vMh the usual supply on hand, cost, etc.— Continued. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 


Government 

coaling 

stations in 

vicinity. 


Coal mining in 
vicinity. 


Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

in italics). 


Remarks. 




None 

None 

None 

None 

None 

None 

None nearer 
than Hali- 
fax. 

British; 5,000 
tons Nova 
Scotia; also 
a limited 
supply of 
Wefeh. 

British, at 
Halifax. 

British, at 
Halifax. 

None nearer 
than Hali- 
fax. 

None 

None 

None 

None 


Lingan mines; 
International 
mines. 

Extensive; 140,- 
000 tons year- 
ly output. 

Reserve colliery, 
21 miles distant 
by rail. 

None 


St. Johns, 
Sydnm, 
Louisburg, 
Halifax. 

St. Johns, 

Sydney, 

Lingan, 

Louisburg, 

Halifax, 

St. Johns, 
Sydney, 
Cow Bay, 
Halifax. 

Louisburg, 
Port Mulgrave, 
Pictou, 
Halifax. 

Louisburg, 
Port Mulgrave, 
Pictou, 
Halifax. 

Louisburg, 

Pictou, 

Halifax. 

Louisburg, 
Port Mulgrave, 
Pictou, 
Halifax. 

St. Johns, 

Sydney, 

Louisburg, 

Pictou, 

Lunenburg. 

Yarmouth, 

St. John, 

Portland, 

Bermuda. 

Halifax, 
Portland. 

Halifax, 

Imnmburg, 

Portland. 

Halifax, 

Yarmouth, 

Portland. 

Halifax, 
St. John, 
Portland. 

m. John, 
Portland. 

St. John. 
Portlemd. 

Parrsboro, 
St. John. 




At wharf, May to Janu- 
ary; 400 tons per day. 

By chutes; rapid; vessels 
can lie alongside in 
any weather. 

No facilities. 


Open harbor throughout 
winter. 




Small seam a 
few miles 
south. 

Extensive with- 
in 40 miles. 

None in imme- 
diate vicinity. 

Albion mines, 
near Pictou, 
100 miles dis- 
tant; Acadia 
mines, Col- 
chester, about 
100 miles dis- 
tant; Spring 
Hill mines, 
Cumberland, 
130 miles by 
rail. 

None 












By lighters; slow; no in- 
terruption; at Interco- 
lonial Eailway wharves, 
Halifax Terminus and 
Richmond Station , coal 
staithes, 90 tons per 
hour, or as rapidly as 
can be stowed; har- 
bor open throughout 
winter. 50o ton light- 
erage. 


Coal from Pictou collier- 
ies supplied at all times 
at Richmond Station, 
Halifax Harbor, at SO 
cents advance on price 
at mines. 














At wharf; safe from 

At pier, 20 ft.; alongside 
from half tide tohigh 
water. 

At wharf by carts, or at 
anchorage by lighters; 
100 tons per day; liaTsle 

nary. 

For vessels not exceeding 
14 ft. draught, along- 
side wharf at Windsor, 
at high water, by tubs; 
for larger vessels, by 
lighters, 7 miles below, 
off Hantsport. 














None in imme- 
diate vicinity. 





12477- 



18 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Exhibit of coal to be had at thefollomng North Atlantic Station 



Name of port. 



Kind of coal 
on hand. 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



Average 

supply during 

year. 



Cost per ton. 



Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 



Parrsboro, 

Nova Scotia. 



Port Joggius, 

Nova Scotia. 



Amherst, 

Nova Scotia. 



St. John, 
New Brunswick. 



St. Stephen, 
New Brunswick. 



Bangor, Me. 



Aug., 
1884. 



Aug., 
1884. 



Sept. 
1891. 



Sept. 

1883. 
Nov., 

1891. 



Sept. 
1896. 



Aug., 
1883. 



Rockland, Me . 



July, 
1885. 



Bath, Me . 



Portland, Me . 



Oct., 

1891. 

Aug., 

1897. 



Portsmouth, N. H. 



Boston, Mass . 



Bituminous ... 



Bituminous .. 



Bituminous . 



Anthracite - . . 
Bituminous .. 
Anthracite ... 
Bituminous: 

Acadia 

Sydney 

Spring Hill . 

LouisbuTg . . 
Bituminous .. 



Anthracite . 



Anthracite .. 
Bituminous . 



Anthracite .. 
Bituminous . 



Pocahontas - 



Pocahontas. 
Anthracite . 



Anthracite 

Bituminous: 

Clearfield 

Cumberland. 

Kanawha ... 

Nova Scotia . 



Anthracite - . . 

Bituminous: 
Pocahontas- 
Clearfield... 
Cumberland 
Kanawha .. 
Nova Scotia 



Large supply available 
by rail from mines. 



3,200 



Ample supply available 
by rail. 



2,300 
5,000 



2,700 
6,000 



Plentiful. 



400 



Anthracite 

Bituminous 



Anthracite 

Bituminous 



Ample supply avail- 
able by rail. 



1 Ample supply avail- 
/ able by rail. 

I Ample supply avail- 
/ able by rail 

> Ample supply. 



Ample supply. 



Ample supply. 



Large supply. 



$3.25 on wharf. 



82.50 



3 miles from 
coal staithes 
on railroad 
wharf to 
deep water 
at West Bay. 



\ to 1 mile . 



$7.00 stowed. 



$5.60 alongside. 

S5.05 alongside. 
$4.66 alongside. 
$4.47 alongside. 
$4.28 alongside. 
$3.40 to $3.50 



S6.00f.o.b. 



3 to $6.50 retail. 



$3.50 alongside. 

$3.60 alongside. 
85.00 at wharf. 



$4.75 

$3.75 
$3.75 
$3.75 
$3.75 



$4. 45 to $4. 65 
$3.50 alongside. 
83.50 alongside. 



i mile . 



At wharf, 
short; at 
deep water 
anchorage, 
4 miles. 



J mile to IJ 
miles. 



Imile . 



Short, from 
wharves to 
anchorage. 



mile to 14 
miles, ac- 
cording to 
anchorage. 



FACILITIES OF THE POKTS OF THE WOELD. 



19 



ports, together with the usual supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 



Government 

coaling 

stations in 

vicinity. 



Coal mining in 
vicinity. 



Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

in italics) . 



Remarks. 



By lighters at West Bay; 
interruption by ice, 
January, February, 
and March; small ves- 
sels can go to coal 
staithes at nigh water; 
60 tons per hour. 



150 tons per day; no in- 
terruption. 



By lighters; slow; no in- 
terruption. 



Small vessels at wharf; 
large vessels by light- 
ers; slow; ice in win- 
ter. 



Vessels not exceeding 18 
ft. draught can go to 
wharf. 



By lighters; no interrup- 
tion. Vessels can go 
to wharves having 16 to 
20 ft. alongside at low 
water. 



By lighters in river be- 
low town, or at navy- 
yard wharf, Kittery. 



Alongside coal dock at 
navy-yard by wheel- 
barrows, or by lighters 
In harbor, or at private 
coal docks. 



None . 



None , 



None . 



None. 



None . 



None . 



None - 



None in im- 
mediate 
vicinity. 



U. S., at 
navy-yard 
(Kittery) , 
about 700 
tons an- 
thracite. 



U. S., at 
navy-yard. 



At.Spring Hill, 
Cumberland 
County, 27 
miles distant by 
rail; output, 
1,200 tons per 
day, to be in- 
creased to 2,000. 

Joggins mines; 
output, 300 
tons per day. 



Spring Hill 
mines, about 
16 miles dis- 
tant by rail; 
Acadia mines, 
about 40 miles. 

At Grand Lake, 
chiefly for lo- 
cal consump- 
tion; can not 
compete with 
Nova Scotia 



None . 



None . 



None. 



None. 



None, A vein 
of coal, 27 in. 
thick, 1,000 ft. 
deep, at Small 
Point, 12 miles 
distant; min- 
ing projected. 

None 



None. 



None. 



Port Jogglne, 
St. John. 



Parr^oro, 
St. John. 



Parrsboro, 
St. John. 



Port Joggins, 

Parrsboro, 

Annapolis, 

Yarmouth, 

Halifax, 

Portland. 



St. John, 
Portland. 



St. John, 
Belfast, 
Bath, 
Portland. 

St. John, 

Bangor, 

Portland. 

St. John, 

Bath, 

Portland. 

St. John, 

Bangor, 

Portland, 

Portsmouth, 

Boston. 



Halifax, 
St. John, 
Both, 

Portsmouth, 
Boston. 



Portland, 
Boston. 



Halifax, 
Portland, 
Portemowth, 
Newport, 
New London, 
New York, 



Harbor open all the year. 
Coal prices, per ton, 
alongside coal vessels, 
are about 40 cents less 
than those quoted in 
the tables. 



Available for vessels of 
20 ft. draught. Harbor 
closed by ice 3 months 
in winter. 

Harbor often closed by 
ice in winter. 



Harbor often closed by 
ice in winter. 



Seldom obstructed by ice. 



Open harbor all the year. 



20 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Exhibit of rnal to be had at the following North AtJanM-o Station 



Name of port. 



Date. 



Kind of coal 
on hand. 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



Average 

supply during 

year. 



Cost per ton. 



Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 



New Bedford, Mass 



Anthracite 



Newport, R. I. 



1899 



Fall River, Mass. . . 



Anthracite 

Bituminous: 

Clearfield 

Cumberland.. 

Kanawha 



Anthracite . . . 

Bituminous .. 

Pocahontas. 



S5.50 to Jf).75 
retail. 



U.iO 



■Ample supplyavailable. 



Ample supply at all 
times. 



$3.60 
S3. 53 
S3. 50 



S to J7.25 retail. 



Bri.stol.R. I. 



Providence, R. I... Oct., 
1899. 



New London, Conn 



New Haven, Conn. 



New York 
and Brooklyn, 
N.Y. 



Jersey City, 
Elizabethport, 
Hoboken, and 
Weehawken, 
N.J. 



Anthracite 

Bituminous: 
Pocahontas. . 

Clearfield 

Cumberland. 



Anthracite 

Bituminous: 

Clearfield 

Cumberland.. 

Pocahontas... 



Amp! 



Anthracite ... 

Bituminous .. 

Pocahontas. 



83.40 at wharf. 



Large. 



e .supply. 



J3.40 lit wharf. 



\ Large supply. | 



$4.25 

$3.50 

$3.50 

i.40 at wharf. 



$5.50 to $6 retail. 



Anthracite 

Bituminous: 
Pocahontas.. 

Clearfield 

Eureka 

Cumberland. 
Broad Top. 
New River. 



1899 



Anthracite . 
Bituminous 



Large 
supply. 



$3.40 at wharf. 



$3.75 to $4.75 

$3.25 alongside, 
$3.25 alongside. 
$3.25 alongside. 
$3.25 alongside. 



Large supply. 



$3.25 alongside. 



See New York 



"li miles to 
roads; ves- 
sels of 18 
ft. draught 
can enter 
inner har- 
bor. 



Short for ves- 
sels of 16i 
ft.draught. 



Jmileforves- 
seUof 2Qlt. 
draught. 



Short for ve.s- 
sels of 20 
ft. draught; 
larger ves- 
sels anchor 
in 5 fftth- 
oms4i miles 
from city. 



At navy-yard 
coal dock, 
30 ft. 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WOBLD. 



21 



porta, logefher with the usual supply on hand^ cost, etc. — Continued. 



Manner of t'oaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 



Government 

coaling 

stations m 

vieinitj'. 



Coal mining in 
vicinity. 



Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

in italics) . 



Remarks. 



From schooners along- 
side. 



Alongside Vfharf; harbor 
sometimes obstructed 
by ice, but steamers 
can force their way 
through. 



Alongside wharves for 
vessels not exceeding 
20 ft. draught. 



Alongside wharves; 
available for vessels of 
18 ft. draught. 



Alongside coal dock at 
navy-yard, by ship's 
ctew, using wheelbar- 
rows,moderately rapid; 
or at new coal chute, 
rapid; or at pier, foot 
of Twenty-third street. 
East River; or in har- 
bor from coal barges 
alongside, as rapid as 
stowing facilities will 
permit. 



From coal barges or 
- lighters alongside in 
New York harbor, or 
from the various coal 
wharves; coal deliv- 
ered as rapidly as it 
can be stowed. 



U. S., at 
Boston. 



U. S., small 
supply for 
use of tor- 
pedo sta- 
tion. 



None. 



Portsmouth 
mines, 4,000 
tons per year; 
graphitic coal, 
unsuitable for 
steaming pur- 
poses. 

As for Newport. 



None As for Newport. 



None. 



U.S., at navy 
yard. 



As for Newport. 



None. 



None. 



U.S.,atN.Y. 
navji-yard, 
Brooklyn. 



The nearest 
mines are 
those of the 
Lehigh re- 
gion, about 
120 miles dis- 
tant by rail: 
nearest bitu- 
minous, in 
Clearfield dis- 
trict of Penn- 
s yl vania, 
about 320 
miles. 



As for New 
York. 



Boston, 
NewpOTtt 
Providence, 
New London, 
New York. 



Boston, 
New Bedford, 
Fall River, 
Providence, 
New London, 
New York. 



Boston, 
Newport, 
Providence, 
New London, 
New York. 

As for Fall 
River. 



Boston, 

Newport, 
Fall River, 
New London, 
New York. 



Boston, 
Newport, 
Fall River, 
Providence, 
New Haven, 
New York. 

Boston, 
Newport, 
Providence, 
New London, 
New York. 

Boston, 
New Bedford, 
Newport, 
Fall River, 
Providence, 
New London, 
New Haven, 
Newburg, 
Philadelphia, 
Hampton Rds. 
Bermuda. 



As for New 
York. 



Harbor sometimes closed 
by ice in winter, but 
steamers can usually 
force their way 
th):ough. 



Harbor is sometimes 
frozen in winter, but 
steamers can always 
enter. 



Harbor closed by ice at 
times, but steamers can 
force their way 
through. 

Harbor is kept open 
throughout winter. 



Harbor never closed by 
ice to steamers. 



Harbor seldom closed by 
ice to steamers. 



Gross tonnage of bitumi- 
nous coal loaded into 
ocean steamers per year 
at port of New York 
amounts to upward of 
1,500,000, of which about 
four-fifths are Clear- 
field, the remainder 
chiefiy Cumberland 
and Pocahontas. 



Coal shipping wharves of 
Cent. K. R. Co. of N. J. 
at Elizabethport, and 
Port Johnston, Bergen 
Point; Phila. & Reading 
R. R. Co. at Port Lib- 
erty, N. J.; Del., Lack. 
& Wn. R. R. Co. at Ho- 
boken; Penna. Coal Co., 
N. Y., Lake Erie & Wu. 
R. R. Co., Del. & Hudson 
Canal Co., and N. Y., 
Ont. & Wn. Rwy, Co. at 
Weehawken. 



22 



COALING, BOOKING, AND REPAIKING 

Exhibit of coal to he had nl the following North Atlantic Station 



Name of port. 



Kind of coal 
on hand. 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



Average 

supply during 

year. 



Cost per ton. 



Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 



Newburg, N. Y . 



Perth Amboy and 
South Amboy, 



Oct., 
1891. 



Nov., 
1899. 



Anthracite . 



7,000 



7,000 



Anthracite 

Bituminous: 
George's Creek 
(Cumberland.) 



Large supply. 



Wilmington, Del . 



Chester, Pa 

League Island, Pa . 

Philadelphia, Pa . . 
and Camdeu,N.J. 



Anthracite . , 
Bituminous . 



June, 
1899. 



1899 Anthracite . . 
Bituminous: 

Clearfield 

Cumberland.. 



Annapolis, Md. 



Baltimore, Md. 



Alexandria, Va 



Washington, D. C. 



1899 



1899 



8.50 to J4.10 
f. 0. b. at 
wharf. 



8.75 to J4.15 
f. 0. b. 
»3.15 f. ... b. 



Ample. 



Small. 



Anthracite . . 
Bituminous . 



Anthracite 

Bituminous : 
Clearfield— 

Eureka 

Cumberland- 
Georges 

Creek. 
Myersdulo . 



Large supply. 



J.1.40 



kl.OO to 84.75 



i rj2.75 to J3.25 
< stowed; from 
I [ lighters. 



400 yards . . . 



\Small supply, owned/ 
by Government. \ 



Anthracite .. 
Cumberland. 



Anthracite . . 
Cumberland. 



Large. 



J4.30 to 85.75 

83.25 stowed 
from lighters. 

182.50 1. o. b. at 
I chutes. 



Ample supply. 



Ample supply. 



f 84,00 to 85.25 

\ f.o.b. 

I 82.98 t.o.b. 

f 84.80 to 85.50 

^1 f.o.b. 

I 83.14 f.o.b. 



Less than i 
mile for 
vessels not 
ex ooed- 
ing 19 ft. 
draught. 



500 (t. 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 



23 



ports, together with the usual supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 





Government 




Next coaling 




Manner of coaling, rapid 


coaling . 
statlonsin 


Coal mining in 


ports en route 


Remarks. 


or slow, etc. 


vicinity. 


(the nearest 




vicinity. 




in itaZics) . 




From coal barges along- 


None 


None 


New York 


Pennsylvania Coal Co.has 
coal wharves at this 


side or from cars at 








coal wharves, with 15 








port; 700,000 tons 


to 22 ft. of water 








shipped annually. 


alongside; rapid as 










stowing permits. 










Alongside cpal shipping 


U.S.,atN.Y. 


See New York . . 


As for New 


Large quantities of coal 


wharves; rapid. 


navy-yard, 
Brooklyn. 




York. 


shipped from Perth 
Amboy by Lehigh Val- 
ley R. R. Co., and from 
South Amboy by Penna. 
R. R. Co. 






None 


Chester, 


Vessels exceeding 20 ft. 
draught can not ap- 








Philadelphia, 








Hampton Rds. 


proach closer than 
mouth of Christiana 
Creek. 






None 


PhUadelphia, 
Hampton Rds., 












Alongside coal dock by 
baskets; coal brought 


U.S. navy- 
yard. 


None 


As for Phila- 






delphia. 




from pile by carts. 










By lighters or barges 
alongside in river, or 




Nearest in 


Chester, 
Wilmington, 


Production of anthracite 




Schuylkill re- 


in Pennsylvania,35,865,- 


at coal wharves; rapid 




gion, Penn- 


New York, 


000 tons, of which the 


as facilities for stowing 




syl vania, 


Hampton Eds. 


Wyoming region fur- 


will permit; no inter- 




about 100 


Baltimore. 


nished 52 per cent, the 


ruption. 




miles distant 
by rail; bitu- 




Schuylkill region 30 
per cent, and the Le- 
high region 18 per cent; 






minous in 








Clearfield dis- 




the bituminous output 






trict, Penn- 


- 


for the State is about 






a yl vania. 




3't,000,000 tons, of which 






about 250 




the Clearfield district 






miles,, and in 




supplies upward of 






Cumberland 




5,000,000 tons annually. 






district, Mary- 










land and West 










Virginia, 










about 300 








• 


miles. 






By lighters or launches, 
towed alongside; no 


IT. S. Naval 


None 


BaMinun'e, 


The coal is for the use of 


Academy; 




Hampton Rds. 


the Naval Academy, but 


regular facilities. 


small sup- 
ply. 






could be obtained by 
naval vessels in case of 
necessity. 


From coal barges along- 


None 


Nearest in 


See Hampton 


Maryland coal mining is 






Schuylkill re- 


Roads. 


confined to Allegany 


no interruption; or at 
loading wharves. Lo- 




gion,Pennsyl- 




and Garrett counties, at 




vania, about 




the western extremity 


cust Point and Canton 




125 miles dis- 




of the State; average 


Pier, 100 to 150 tons per 




tant; nearest 




output of coal (all bitu- 


hour, or as rapidly as 




bituminous in 




minous) , 3,600,000 tons. 


coal can be stowed. 




Cumberland 
district, Mary- 
land, 180 
miles by rail; 
Clearfield dis- 
trict, Penn- 
sylvania, 
is about 225 
miles by rail. 




> 


By lighters at anchorage 
in river; vessels of 16 It. 


U.S.,atWash- 


None 


Washitigton, 




ington. 




Hampton Eds. 




draught can go along- 






Baltimore. 




side wharves. 










By carts to wharf; by 
^vheelbarrowson board; 


U.S. at navy 
yard. 


- None 


Alexandria, 






Hampton Eds. 




slow; no interruption. 






Baltimore. 





24 



COALING, DOOKIKG, AND REPAIKING 

Exhibil of coal to be had at the following North Atlantic Station 



Name of port. 



Date. 



Kind ol coal 
on hand. 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



Average 

supply during 

year. 



Cast per ton. 



Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 



Hampton lioads, 
Va. 



Newport News, Va. 



1899 



Lambert's Point, 
Va. 



Norfolk, Va . 



Wilmington, N. c:. 



Charleston, S.C. 



Port Royal, S.C... 



Savannah, Ga 



Feb. 
1896. 



Feb., 
1897. 



Feb., 
1899. 



May, 
1899. 



Anthracite . . . 
Bituminous: 

Pocahontas. 

NewKiver.. 



Bituminous ... 

(New River 

and Kanawha 

Valley.) 



Bituminous ... 
(Pocahontas 
Flat Top.) 



(Large supply available 
from Newport News, 
Lamberts Point, or" 
Norfolk. 



Large 
supply. 



Large 
supply. 



Anthracite 

Bituminous: 

Pocahontas. . 

Cumberland. 

New River . . 



Anthracite 

Bituminous: 

Clearfield.... 

Cumberland. 

Kanawha ... 



$2.50 f . o. b. at 
chutes. 



Large .supply. 



Ample supply. 



New River . 
Pocahontas. 



Bituminous: 

Alabama 

Georgia 



Anthracite 

Bituminous 



\ Ample supply. | 



fone kept on hand ex-1 
cept U. S. Govern- 
ment supply, J 



I Ample supply. j 



82.50 f.o. b. at 
chutes. 



*3.50 stowed. 



J4.50 to $5.25 



$3.50 
$3.50 
$3.60 



$8.20 alongside. 
$2.24 alongside. 



$4.76 to $5.04 
it ordered by 
rail. 



$6.00 retail. 
$5.60 retail. 



From navy- 
yard to Fort 
Norfolk, 1} 
miles. 



i to 1 mile. 



At wharf, 800 
to 400 ft. 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 



25 



ports, together with the usual supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 



By lighters, coal barges, 
or schooners alongside; 
seldom interrupted. 



At coaling pier, accom- 
modations for largest 
vessels; 80 to 100 tons 
per hour, or as rapidly 
as stowing permits; no 
interruption. 



At coaling pier, Norfolk 
and Western R. E., 26 
■ ft. alongside at L. W.; 
rapid; no interruption. 



Alongside coal dock at 
navy-yard, moderately 
rapid; or by lighters off 
Fort Norfolk, slow; or 
at railroad wharf, 25 to 
30 tons per hour. 



Alongside wharf . 



U. S., at Nor- 
folk. 



U. S., at Nor- 
folk. 



Government 

coaling 

stations in 

vicinity. 



Coal mining in 
vicinity. 



At wharf for vessels not 
exceeding 21 ft. 
draught, or by lighters 
from Savannah. 



At wharf for vessels of 
light draught, slow; 
larger vessels by light- 
ers at anchorage in Ty- 
bee Roads. 



U. S., at Nor- 
folk. 



U.S., at navy- 
yard (Gos- 
port) . 



None - 



None nearer None . 
than Port 
Royal. 



None . 



None. A semi- 
anthracite 
similar to the 
Lykens Val- 
ley (Pa.) 
coal is mined 
at Gayton, 14 
miles from 
Richmond; 
output, 75,000 
tons per year. 

None 



None. 



None; the only 
colliery of im- 
portance i n 
the State is 
that of the 
Egypt Coal 
Co., in Chat- 
ham County, 
about 125 
miles distant 
by rail; capac- 
ity, 600 tons 
per day. 



Next coaling 

porta en route 

(the nearest 

in italics) . 



U.S. 



U.S., at Port 
Royal. 



None - 



None . 



New York, 
Philadelphia, 
BaMimore, 
Port Royal, 
Key West, 
Bermuda. 

As for Hamp- 
ton Roads. 



As for Hamp- 
ton Roads. 



As for Hamp- 
ton Roads. 



Hampton Rds. 
Omrleston, 
Port Royal, 
Savannah, 
Key West. 



Hampton Rds. 

WUmington, 

Port Royal, 

Savannah, 

Nassau, 

Key West, 

Habana. 



Hampton Rds. 

Wilmington, 

Charleston, 

Savannah, 

Nassau, 

Key West, 

Habana. 

Hampton Rds. 
Wilmington, 
Charleston, 
Port Royal, 
Jacksonville, 
Nassau, 
Key West, 
Habana. 



Remarks. 



The New River and Kana- 
wha Valley mines on 
the Chesapeake land 
Ohio Railway, in We-t 
Virginia, are distant 365 
to 400 miles from New- 
port News. 



Pocahontas coal is mined 
in the Great Flat Top 
Mountain district, dis- 
tant by rail about 875 
miles; the workings are 
located at Pocahontas, 
Tazewell County, Va.; 
in Mercer County, W. 
Va., near Bramwell, 
and in McDowell 
County, W. Va.,on the 
Elkhorn River; average 
output, 1,800,000 tons. 



Available for vessels 
not exceeding 19 ft. 
draught, 



Average production of 
coal in Georgia amount- 
ed to 225,000 tons. The 
coal fields are in the 
northwestern portion 
of the State, in Dade 
and Walker counties. 



26 



COALINa, DOCKING, AND REPAIBING 

Exhibit of coal to be had at the following North Atlaniic Station 



Name of port. 



Date 



Kind of coal 
on hand. 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



Average 

supply during 

year. 



Cost per ton. 



Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 



Jacksonville, Pla . 



Key West, Fla . 



Mar. 
1897. 



Jan. 
189C. 



Bituminous ... 
Anthracite 



Amp! 



2,600 
700 



e supply. 



'Varies . 



Port Tampa, Fla... 1897 



Bituminous . 



Pensacola, Fla. 



Mobile, Ala. 



Oct., 
1891. 



Mar., 
1897. 



Anthracite . 
Alabama . . . 
Alabama . . . 



VAmple - 

Large supply available 
by rail. 



Alabama . 



New Orleans, La. 



Galveston, Tex . . 



Brazos Santiago, 
Tex. 



Brownsville, Tex . 



Bituminous ... 
Semibitumi- 
nous. 



Cannel . 



Anthracite . . 
Bituminous: 

Pittsburg . . 

Alabama . . 



Anthracite .. 
Cumberland. 
Alabama 



Large; 

17,000 
tons re- 
ceive d 
daily. 
6,000 



•Large. 



Small supply. 

I 
Large supply. i 



I Depends on demand. | 
Ample supply. 



83.04 
J5.00 



Coal shed 500 
yds. from 
dock. 



$5.60 alongside. 



$5.00 
S3.00 to $3.75 
3.60 alongside; 
K15 f. 0. b. 
$4.26 stowed: 
$3.50 f. o. b, 
at chutes 
83.60 stowed 
82.80 to 83.05 
alongside. 



!2.60f.o.b.- 



$9.50 



S.OO to 
retail. 

$4.35f.o.b. 
83.75 in cars. 



87.50 
$5. 50 delivered. 



At coal dock, 

■ 90 ft.; at 

Permanent 

Wharf, 

about it mile. 



Short for 
vessels not 
ex ceed- 
ing 24 ft. 
draught. 



i mile to coal 
yard. 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 



27 



poris, together with the vsual supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 





Government 




Next coaling 




Manner of coaling, rapid 


coaling 


Coal mining in 


ports en route 


Remarks. 


or slow, etc. 


stations in 


vicinity. 


(the nearest 




vicinity. 




in Ualics). 




By lighters at anchorage 
in 3 to 4 fathoms; ves- 


None 


None 


Hampton Rds., 

Charleston, 










sels exceeding 17 ft. 






Port Royal, 




draught can not cross 






Savannah, 




the bar. 






Nassau, 
Key West, 
Habana. 




At Government wharf . . . 


U.S 


None 


Hampton Rds., 
Charleston, 
















Port Royal, 










Savannah, 










Nassau, 










Habana, 










Port Tampa, 










Pensacola, 










Mobile, 










New Orleans. 




At coal wharf or by light- 


TJ.S 


None 


Key West, 

Habana, 

Pensacola, 




ers; slow. 






















Mobile, 










New Orleans, 










Vera Cruz. 




At coal dock at navy- 


U.S.,at navy- 


Extensive in Al- 


Key West, 


In case notice be given 


yard by lighters, 20 to 


yard; 800 


abama, about 


Habana, 


beforehand, a sufficient 


30 tons per hour; at 


tonsanthra- 


270 miles dis- 


MobUe, 


supply of coal can be 


coal chutes, Pensacola, 


cite,180tons 


tant by rail; 


New Orleans, 


dumped on Permanent 


20 to 24 ft. draught, 70 


bituminous. 


output, up- 
ward of 3,000,- 


Galveston, 


. Wharf at navy-yard to 


tons per hour; no in- 




Vera Cruz. 


enable a vessel to coal 


terruption in any case. 




000 tons per 
year. 




at rate of 30 tons per- 
hour. Coal in excess of 
normal supply at Pensa- 
cola can be obtained 


















from mines within 48 










hours. Cary & Co., Gulf 










Transit Co., and Pensa- 










cola Supply Co. are the 
principal dealers. Ala- 
bama coal is remarka- 


























bly tree from spontane- 










ous combustion. 


No interruption by 
lighters in the harbor; 


U. S. at Pen- 


None 


Pensacola, 


Alabama coal mining is 


sacola. 




Key West, 


confined to the Warrior, 


as fast as can be stored 






Habana, 


Cahaba, and Coosa dis- 


for vessels not exceed- 






New Orleans, 


tricts, in the counties of 


ing 24 ft. draught 






Galveston, 


Tuscaloosa, Jefferson, 


alongside wharf. 






Vera Cruz. 


Walker, Shelby, Bibb, 
and St. Clair; mines 215 
to 280 miles distant from 
Mobile by rail. 


- By lighters; 260 to 600 
tons per day; no inter- 
ruption. 


None ... 


None 


Key West, 
Habana, 


Cost per ton of Pittsburg 
coal at New Orleans 










Pensacola, 


fluctuates from about 








MobUe, 


aS.lO to ?4.95; that is. 








Galveston, 


from 25 to 40 cents per 








Vera Cruz. 


barrel of 180 lbs. 


By lighters; vessels ex- 
ceeding 15 ft. draught 
can seldom cross the 


None . . . 


None 


Key West, 








Pensacola, 








New Orleans, 




bar. 






Vera Cruz. 




By lighters at anchor- 
age outside bar, in 7 


None 


None 


New Orleans, 


Vessels exceeding H ft. 






Galveston, 


draught can seldom 


fathoms. 






Vera Cruz. 


cross the bar. 




None 


None. Thereare 
mines at Lare- 


As for Brazos 
Santiago. 


Not available for large 




vessels. 






do, about 250 










miles up the 










Rio Grande, 










also at Eagle 










Pass.aboutlOO 










miles farther. 







28 



COALING, DOCKING, AND BEPAIKING 

Exhibit of coal to be had at the foUoviing North Atlamiic Station 



Name of port. 


Date. 


Kind of coal 
on hand. 


Tons 

of each at 

date. 


Average 

supply during 

year. 


Cost per ton. 


Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 


Matamoros, 

Mexico. 


Sept., 
1883. 




None 
















Tampico, Mexico.. 


Mar., 
1896. 
Sept., 
1896. 


Bituminous 

Alabama 


2,000 


1,000 to 2,000 
tons. 


$4.60 to 85,50. 

f $4.V5 to S5.50, 
{ Mexican, per 
[ 2,000 lbs. 


At wharf 












Cardiff 






Tuxpan, Mexico... 
Vera Cruz, Mexico. 


Aug., 


Cumberland 


30 to 100 




$8.64 to $9.72. 




1896. 

1888 

Dec, 
1890. 
Aug., 
1896. 


Bituminous 




Total receipts 
for the year, 
33,000 tons. 




} mile to an- 
chorage in 
harbor; 3J 
miles to 
anchorage 
off Saerifi- 
cios Id. 




(Erom Great 
Britain.) 




$13.00 at yard. 
$6.00 




(U.S.) 

American 

English 

Patent fuel 


Sma 


11 supply. 


Belize, British 


Sept., 
1896. 


Welsh 


Small 
supply. 


Supply 
uncertain. 


$9.90 




Honduras. 






Puerto Barrios, 


Mar., 
1896. 
Dec, 
1898. 


Alabama 


Moderate 
supply. 
None 




$4.85 




Guatemala. 














Livingston, 


Dec, 
1898. 


None 


None 


None . . 






Guatemala. 










Puerto Cortez, 


Feb. 
1899. 


None 


None 


Steamers 
bring 6 or 
7 tons for 
railroad. 






Honduras. 








Ceiba, Honduras . . 


'& 


None 






















Truxillo, 


Dec, 
1898. 


None 










Honduras. 












Blueflelds, 


Jan., 
1895. 
Dec, 
1898. 
Mar., 
1899. 


None 


None 

None 


None 






Nicaragua. 


None 










Pocahontas 




$8. 80 alongside. 













FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 
ports, together with the usual supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



29 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 



Government 

coaling 

stations in 

vicinity. 



Coal mining in 
vicinity. 



Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

in italict) . 



None . 



Directly from barges 
at wharf (22 ft.), 
tons per hour. 



20 



None . 



None - 



By lighters; moderately 
rapid; liable to inter- 
ruption by northers, 
October to May. Ex- 
tensive harbor im- 
provements in prog- 
ress, to be finished in 
1893. 



From coal vessel; by 
lighters, towed by 
sMp's boats. 



None . 



None. Sabinaa 
coal fields, 
near Piedras 
Negras, about 
350 miles up 
Rio Grande, 
are nearest in 
Mexico; out- 
put, 8,000 tons 
per month, 
1889. 

Laredo, Tex. 
Sabinas, o n 
Mexican In- 
ternational 
E. R.; fair 
quality. 



Deposits about 
60 miles in- 
land; t o b e 
developed. 



Deposits about 
100 miles in- 
land; worked 
in a primitive 
way. 



As for Brazos 
Santiago. 



None . 



None. 



Pensacola, 
Mobile, 
New Orleans. 
Galveston, 
Vera Qruz, 
Key West. 



As for Tam- 
pico. 



Pensacola, 
New Orleans, 
Galveston, 
Tammco, 
Key west. 



Key West, 
Habana, 



Kingston, 

Colon, 

Cartagena. 



None . 



None . 



None . 



At Balfate . 



None . 



None . 



At Balfate, 
Romeo River, 
but not work- 
ed. 



None - 



As for Belize. 



As for Belize. 



As for Belize. 



As for Belize. 



As for Belize. 



Not available for large 



The improvements at the 
mouth of the Panuco 
are completed. Vessels 
drawing 22 ft. 10. in. 
can pass through the 
jetties and proceed to 
coaling wharves at 
Dona Cecilia. 

No coal is used at Tuspan 
except by 1 tugboat, 
the owner of which im- 
ports a small quantity, 
which is not for sale. 
Wood is extensively 
used. 

Coal is unprotected; be- 
comes deteriorated by 
exposure to weather, 
and mixed with sand 
blown over it by wind 
(1884). 



The London and Belize 
S. S. Co., for service of 
their steamers, usually 
have a coal vessel in 
port, remaining until 
discharged, but supply 
can not be depended 
upon at all times. 

Coal imported for use of 
railroads only. 



Bought from the Emery 
Mahogany Co. 



30 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Exhibit of coal to be had at the following North Atlantic Station 



Name of port. 



Date, 



Kind of coal 
on hand. 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



Average 

supply during 

year. 



Cost per ton. 



Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 



Little Corn Island, 
Nicaragua. 



Qreytown, 

Nicaragua. 



Pjrt Limon, 

Costa Rica. 



Boca del Toro, 
Chiriqui Lagoon, 
Colombia. 



Colon, Colombia. 



Cartagena, 

Colombia. 



Sabanilla and 
Barranguilla, 
Colombia. 



Dec, 
1894. 



Nov., 
1893, 



None . 



None . 



None - - . 



1,000 tons 
were im- 
ported 
from Blue- 
fields and 
delivered 
at Corn Is- 
land. 



87. 50 f . o. b. 



None . 



Aug. 
1899. 

Mar. 
1883. 



July, 
1895. 



Oct., 
1896. 

Mar. 
1895. 
Jan., 
1899. 



Oct., 
1896. 



Bituminouj . 



Bricks, 12 -in. 
cubes. 



Imported 
for railroad 
company. 



None . 



Pocahontas. , 



American , 
English 



Cumberland- 
Pocahontas.. 



None for sale. . 



Santa Marta, 

Colombia. 

Rio Hacha, 

Colombia. 



Maracaibo, 

Venezuela. 



Nov., 
1890. 

Sept., 
1883. 
Aug., 



Sept. 



None . 

Cardiff 
None . 

None . . 



2,800 



2,000 
1,000 



Small 
quantity 
of patent 
fuel, from 
Great 
Britain. 



None . 



Small 

supply. 

None . . . 



None . 



None . 



11,000 tons 
an n u a 1 1 y 
by P. E. E. 
Co. ; con- 
stantly ar- 
riving. 



About 400 
tons per 
ye a r , i m - 
ported b y 
Barranquif- 
la Rwy. and 
Pier Co. for 
own use. 



None . 



100 



None . 



Can be mined 
at about $4.60 
per ton, cm- 
ploying na- 
tive labor. 

J10.75 stowed.' 



$10.00 

J5.00 stowed. 
$6.00 



810.00 to $11.00, 
cost to im- 
porters. 



$10.00 



At wharves, 
short. 



At wharf, 
short. 



FACILITIES OF THE POETS OF THE WOBLD. 



31 



ports, together with the usual supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 



By lighters and direct 
from collier, 125 tons 
a day; smooth harbor 
and good place to coal 
from collier. 



Alongside wharf for ves- 
sels not over 20 ft. 
draught; by lighters if 
in the stream. 



By mining and by ship's 
boats. 



Rapid; coal at wharves 
fitted for coaling; ra- 
pidity depends upon 
speed of stowage. 



Very slow; at wharf 
using coal bags with 
ships davits. 



Bylighters when coal is 
obtainable; slow; liable 
to frequent interrup- 
tion during windy sea- 
son, December to April; 
rwy. pier, 3,300 ft. 
long, under construc- 
tion, to be finished be- 
fore 1892. 



Government 

coaling 
stations in 
vicinity. 



By lighters when coal is 
obtainable; slow; liable 
to interruption during 
windy season, Decem- 
ber to April. 



None . 



None . 



None - 



None . 



None . 



None. 
None . 



Coal mining in 
vicinity. 



None . 



None . 



None . 



Deposits not 
regnlarl y 
worked. 



None . 



Pan - American 
Investment 
Co. own large 
coal areas in 
vicinity;near- 
est mine is 15 
miles from 
the city. 

Deposits inland, 
not worked. 



Next coaling 

ports en routo 

(the nearest 

in italics) . 



None . 



Plentiful depos- 
its near Smu 
and Atrato riv- 
ers; not regu- 
larly worked. 

None; large de- 
posits, about 
60 miles dis- 
tant, on Rio 
Limon, not 
worked. Coal 
on Toas Id., 
injurious to 
boilers. 



Kingston, 

Colon, 

Cartagena. 



Kingston, 

Colon, 

Cartagena. 



Kingston, 

Colon, 

Cartagena. 



Kingston, 

Colon, 

Cartagena. 



Kingston, 
Curasao, 
St. Lucia. 



Colon, 
Curapao, 
Kingston, 
St. Lucia. 



As for Carta- 
gena. 



As for Carta- 
gena. 

As for Cartas 
gena. 



Colon, 
Kingston, 
CuraQOO, 
St. Thomas, 
St, Lucia. 



Remarks. 



The coal at this port is 
tor the use of the tugs, 
dredges, and locomo- 
tives of the Nicaragua 
Canal Construction 
Co., but will be fur- 
nished U. S. vessels by 
courtesy of thecompany. 

The coal is the property 
of the Costa Kica R. 
R., and may not be at 
all times obtainable by 



Coal is no longer import- 
ed at Colon for steamers 
at Panama. 



The Investment Co. in- 
tend to build wharves 
and furnish anthracite 
and bituminous coal 
for same price as in the 
U.S. 



No vessels coal at either 
port; small ' quantities 
may be obtained at 
times from Barranquilla 
Rwy. and Pier Co., 
sole importers; Magda- 
lena River steamers use 
wood. Port of Barran- 
quilla is not available 
for seagoing vessels, 
owing to Magdalena 
bar. Railway runs from 
Barranquilla to Salgar, 
3 miles from Sabaniila. 



Wood is the universal fuel ; 
coal was formerly im- 
ported for the tugs at 
the bar, but its use has 
been discontinued. 



32 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

ExhUiil of coal to be had at the following North Atlantic Station 



Name of port. 


Date 


Kind of coal 
on hand. 


Tons 

of each at 

date. 


Average 

supply during 

year. 


Cost per ton. 


Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 


Willemstad, 


Feb., 
1899. 




600 
200 
400 


2,000 


88.00 to SIO. 00 


i of amile... 


Curasao. 
Puerto Cabello, 


Pocahontas 

Anthracite 


Venezuela. 


Feb., 
1899. 

Feb., 
1898. 

Nov., 
1899. 

Apr., 
1899. 

i 








SIO.OO to 812.00 




La Guayra, 


Patent fuel 

(From Cardiff.) 

Bituminous 

(From New 

York.) 

Cannel 


About 6,400 tons im- 


Venezuela. 


ported per year for use 
of railways. 

About 3,600 tons import- 
ed per year by Caracas 








Barcelona 


(From Newport 
News.) 




100 to 300 


95.00 


and Guanta, 
Venezuela. 

Cumana, 








Venezuela. 
Carupano, 


i 

' Auff.. 


Cardiff 


Small 
quantity. 


No regular 
supply. 






Venezuela. | 1884. 
RloCaribe, Aug., 


(Brought from 
Trinidad.) 

None 






Venezuela. ; 1884. 
Bolivar, Venezuela.' Jan.. 


None 


None 

150 
600 








St. George, 

Bermuda. 


1899. 

Sept., 
1883. 

Oct., 
1890. 

Mar., 
1895. 

Sept., 
1897. 
Nov., 
1898. 

Sept., 
1890. 

Sept., 
1896. 


Anthracite 

Cardiff... 


75 
400 


$9.60 

S8.60 

Stowing, per 

ton,37o.to49o. 

88.50 

$8.25 
»6.50 

$6.00 f. 0. b. 
The average 
cost is, Poca- 
hontas, $7.20 
f.cb.; Welsh, 
88.75 f . 0. b. 

87.25 alongside. 
87.06 alongside. 

About 812 when 
obtainable. 


60 ft., if at 
wharf. 

Coal is kept 
in lighters 
ready to be 
delivered 
alongside 
at 60 cents 
cheaper 
per ton. 

2 miles from 
outer anchor- 
age to the 
town. 




Anthracite 




Bituminous: 
Cardiff 








Kanawha 






Hamilton, 

Bermuda. 


Pocahontas 

Bituminous; 

Clearfield 

Welsh 


2,000 
2,000 


1,000 

1,000 
From 8,000 
to 10, 000 
tons Welsh 
cool kept at 
the dock- 
yard. 




Pocahontas 






Pocahontas 






Nassau, New 


None 


None 

Fairly plei 


No regular 
supply. 

itiful. 


Providence Id., 
Bahamas. 


Anthracite 

Pocahontas 

Webster 



FACILITIES OF THE POETS OF THE "WOULD. 



33 



ports, together with the um,al supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 


Government 

coaling 

stations in 

vicinity. 


Coal mining in 
vicinity. 


Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

in itaUcs). 


Remarks. 


Slow and unsatisfactory, 
with 12 to 25 ton light- 
ers. 


None 


None 


Cartagena, 
Curasao, 
Kingston, 
St. Lucia. 








Alongside wharf; 26 ft.; 
no other facilities. 


Venezuelan 
Govern- 
ment usu- 
ally keeps 
about 300 
tons near 
St. Philip's 
Castle. 




Cartagena, 
Colon, 
Curapao, 
Kingston, 
Port of Spain, 
St. Thomas, 
St. Lucia. 






coal could be purchased 
from the E. R. Co. at 
from $10 to $12 per ton. 


By lighters or at quays; 
10 to 40 feet alongside. 


None 


Deposits in vi- 
cinity, not 
worked; mines 
of Barcelona, 
135 miles dis- 
tant. 


As for Puerto 
Cabello. 


There are no regular coal 
dealers. Vessels can not 
depend upon beiijg able 
to obtain a supply at all 
times. 


Iron structure 900 ft. 
long, with tracks and 
derrick: about 30 ft. 
alongside. 


None 


InNaricualand 
Capricual val- 
leys; railway 
from mines to 
Guanta, 24 
miles. 


Curapao, 
Cartagena, 
Fort 0/ Spain, 
St. Lucia, 
St. Thomas. 

As for Barce- 
lona. 


Narrow - gauge railway 
runs from wharf to Bar- 
celona and to mines; 20 
tons mined daily; all 
Government property; 
no coal sold. It is not 
suited for high speeds. 










No regular facilities. 


None 


None 


As for Barce- 




None 




lona. 

As for Barce- 
lona. 




























hand at the waterworks. 


In harbor, at wharf, by 
wheelbarrows; rapid; or 
at Murray anchorage, 
from hulks, by baskets 
or hoisting; rarely in- 
terrupted by storms. 


British, at 
dockyard, 
Ireland 
Id., 13i 
miles dis- 
tant. 




Halifax, 
New York, 
Hampton Eds., 
Key West, 
St. Thomas. 


Importation of coal to 




Bermuda, including 
both St. George and 
Hamilton, amounts,ex- 
clusive of Government 
supply, to about 4,000 to 
5,000 tons per year, of 
which about 1,000 tons 
are anthracite, the re- 
mainder bituminous, 
chiefly Cardiff. 


Kapid from schooners 
alongside the ship; 
workmen from shore. 


British 
dockyard 
at Ireland 
Id.,4miles 
from Ham- 
ilton. 




Halifax, 
New York, 
Hampton Eds., 
Key West, 
St. Thomas, 
Cartagena. 


Coal from dockyard fur- 




nished naval vessels by 
courtesy is settled at 
Home Office in London 
through diplomatic 
channels; usually 20,000 
tons on hand. 


Lighters used when coal 
is obtainable. Consider- 
able' risk from June to 
October. Coal in sacks. 


None 


None 


Bermuda, 
Charleston, 
Key West, 
Eabana. 


Vessels exceeding 16 ft. 
draught must lie out- 
side of bar. 





12477- 



34 



COALING, DOCKING, AND KEPAIBING 

Exhibit of coal to be had at tlie following North Atlantic Station 



Name of port. 



Date. 



Kind of coal 
on hand. 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



Average 

supply during 

year. 



Cost per ton. 



Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 



Matthew Town, 
Great Inagua Id , 
Bahamas. 



Turks Island. 

B.W.I 



Baracoa. Cuha . 



.Ian., 
1890. 



Sept. 
1896. 

Sept., 
1896. 



Nuevitas, Cuba Aug. 

1889 
Apr. 
1899. 



Sagua la Grande, 
Cuba. 



Cardenas, Cuba. 



Matanzas, Cuba . . 



Oct 
1896. 



Nov., 
1883. 



Jan., 
1884. 
Jan., 
1897. 

Mar. 
1890. 



Apr., 
1899. 



Havana, Cuba Apr., 

1890. 



Mar. 
1898. 



Cienfuegos, Cuba. 



Trinidad, Cuba. . 



Mar, 
1888. 



Feb. 
1899. 



Sept. 
1883. 
Aug. 
1896. 



Bituminous.. 
(Pittsburg.) 



None 

Bituminous 
None 



Bituminous 

(Westmoreland 
Co., Pa.) 



40: also 
160 at 
Rooky 
Point, 
B.end of 
island. 

None 



Small 
quantity; 

poor 
quality. 



No informa- 
tion con- 
cerning fu- 
ture main- 
tenance of 
supply. 

None 



i.OO f. o. b. 



Supply not to 
be depended 
upon. 



300 



None . 



American 

Scotch 

Welsh 

English 

Bittmiinous: 

American 

English 

Cumberland . . 

Bituminous: 
Pennsylvania 

Alabama 

Lancashire . . . 
Scotch 



None ... 



400 
600 



600 



Anthracite 

Bituminous; 

Cardiff 

Cumberland. 

Newcastle... 

Alabama 



Anthracite 

Bituminous: 

Cumberland. 

Cardiff 

English 

Bituminous ... 



Bituminous .. 
(From U. 8.) 



Moderate 
f supply. 



10,000 tons im- 
ported dur- 
ing year, 
Sept.,1889,to 
Sept., 1890. 



■1,500 to 4,000. 



4,000 to 6,000 



Variable 
supply. 



Uncertain . 



80,000 
65,000 



5,000 to 10,- 
000; lar- 
gest sup- 
ply, Jan. 
to May. 
Ample supply. 



550 
800 to 400 



Scarce . 



86.50 to J7.00 



Sll.OO to 812.00 
alongside; la- 
borers, per 
day,each,*2.00. 

■ 88.00 at city. 
86.72 



88.00 to 810.00 
f, o. b. 



89.00 to 811.00 



810.08 f. 0. b. 
86.50 



S.60 to 89.00 
on wharf; 
lighterage, 
per ton, ex- 
tra, 81.50. 



AboutSmilea 
for vessels 
of 16 ft. 
draught. 



About 12 
miles for 
vessels ex- 
ceeding 13 
ft. draught; 
smaller ves- 
sels, 1 mile. 



About 1 mile 
to usual 
anchorage. 



At wharf, 
few yds. 



i mile to 
large ves- 
sels coal- 
ing at an- 
chorage. 



3 miles for 
large ves- 
sels; for 
smaller ac- 
cording to 
draught. 



FACILITIES OF THE POETS OF THE WORLD. 
ports, together with the usual mpply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



35 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 



At anchorage o£f Rooky 
Point, by lighters. 



By baskets to lighters; 
hoisted on board in 
tubs of 500 lbs. capac- 
ity; very slow, 40 tons 
per day; liable to inter- 
ruption by northers, 
September to February. 



By lighters; slow . 



By lighters or alongside 
wharves; 400 tons per 
day; storms and heavy 
rains, June to October, 
may interrupt. 



By lighters of 60 to 70 
tons; seldom inter- 
rupted; some liability 
to mterruption in Sep- 
tember and October. 
Small vessels coal at 
wharves; no interrup- 
tion. 



Vessels of light draught 
at wharf; rapid; large 
vessels at anchorage, 
by lighters; occasional 
delays according to 
wind; liable to inter- 
ruption, Sept. and Oct. 



Government 

coaling 

stations in 

vicinity. 



None . 



None . 
None . 



None. 



None . 



U.S.,atHa- 
bana. 



U.S. 



None . 



Coal mining in 
vicinity. 



None . 



None 
None 

None 



None . 



None . 



None. 



None. 



None. 



None. 



Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

in italics) . 



Key West, 
Habana, 
Santiago, 
Kingston, 
San Juan, 
St. Thomas. 

As for Mat- 
thew Town. 

As for Mat- 
thew town. 



Key West, 
Habana, 
Matanzas, 
Cardenas, 
Sagua la Gr., 
San Juan, 
St. Thomas. 



Key West, 
Habana, 
Matanzas, 
Cardenas, 
San Juan, 
St. Thomas. 



Key West. 
Habana, 
MaJtanzas, 
Sagua la Gr., 
San Juan, 
St, Thomas. 



HamptonEds. 
Key West, 
New Orleans, 
Habana, 
Cardenas, 
San Juan, 
St. Thomas. 



HamptonRds. 
Key West, 
New Orleans, 
Matanmt, 
San Juan. 
St. Thomas, 
Kingston, 
Colon. 



New Orleans, 

Key West, 

Habana, 

Trinidad, 

Santiago, 

Kingston, 

Colon. 



New Orleans, 

Key West, 

Habana, 

Oienjuegoa, 

Santiago, 

Kingston, 

Colon. 



Remarks. 



Inquiry for coal at Rooky 
Point should be made 
at Matthew Town. 



Coal is not regularly im- 
ported. Wood is almost 
exclusively used in 
province of Puerto 
Principe, the 300 tons 
of coal on hand in 1889 
being part of 400 tons 
imported for sale in 1886. 



Not available for vessels 
exceeding 16 ft.draught. 



Total importation of coal 
at Cardenas, 1888, 
amounted to 17,000 tons, 
of which 10,000 came 
from 0. S. and 7,000 
from Great Britain. 



Total importation of coal 
at Matanzas during 
1890 amounted to 57.000 
tons, of which 40,000 
tons came from U S. 
Duty on coal was raised 
July, 1890, from 57 cents 
to $1,72 per ton. 



Total importation of coal 
at Habana for the year 
1890 amounted to 
180,000 tons, of which 
about 120,000 came from 
U.S. 



Of 29,000 tons of coal im- 
ported during year 
ending June 30, 1890, 
20,000 tons came Irom 
U.S. and 9,000 from 
Great Britain. 



Port known as Port Ca- 
st Ida; city distant 3 
miles. 



36 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Exhibit of coal to be had at the following North Atlantic Station 



Name of port. 



Date. 



Kind of coal 
on hand. 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



Average 

supply during 

year. 



Cost per ton. 



Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 



Santiago, Cuba . 



Jan., 
1890. 



Aug. 
1896. 



Anthracite . . 
Cumberland. 

Welsh 

English 

Scotch 

Bituminous. . 



Ample 
supply. 

Small 
supply. 

2,500 



12,400 tons im- 
ported, 1889. 

600 tons im- 
ported, 1889. 



300 yards. 



(f8.10 



Mar., Bituminous . 
1899. 



Caimanera, Cuba. 



Guantanamo, 

Cuba. 



Manzanillo, Cuba. 



Port Antonio, 

Jamaica. 



Port Morant, 

Jamaica. 



Port Royal, 

Jamaica. 



Kingston, 



Jamaica. 



Port-au-Prince, 

Hayti. 



Gonaives, Hayti. 



Mole St. Nicolas, 
Hayti. 

Cape Haytien, 

Hayti. 



Dec. 

1894. 



1896 



Feb; 
1899. 

Apr. 
1895. 
Dec, 
1897. 



Mar. 
1891. 



Nov. 
1888. 
Feb., 
1891. 



Jan., 
1895. 



Aug. 
1896. 



Sept. 
1896. 



Dec, 
1889. 
Nov. 
1896. 



Apr., 
1889. 

May, 
1889. 
Sept., 
1896. 



None . 
None . 
None. 



Cardiff 

Pocahontas. 



Cardiff . 



Cardiff 

Patent fuel. 

Cardiff 

Patent fuel. 



None - 



None . 



500 to 1,000 
2,000 



A cargo to 
arrive. 



Eisca Black 

Vein. 
Powell's Duf- 

fryn. 

American , 

Welsh 



Cardiff 

Lancashire . 
American . . 



None None 



Bituminous ... 
(From V. S.) 



1,000 
1,000 



10,000 



Boston Fruit 
Co. will es- 
tablish coal 

depot on 
Navy Island 
and keep 
stock of 
15,000 to 20,000 
tons of Car- 
diff, Poca- 
hontas, -and 

Georges 
Creek coal 
on hand. 

1,000 (to be 
maintained) . 



\ 4,000| 



8,700 



$6.50 
$7.50 at wharf. 



10,000 



10,000 



[Small supply for Gov- 
ernment use and for 
Hay tian coasters; sold 
■only as a matter of 
accommodation. 

Small sppuly for Hay- 

tian coasters. 
None None 



Small supply; property 

of Clyde S.S. Co. 
None I None 



$6.50 



$6.00 



In stream, $8.75. 

Alongside 
wharf, $6.25. 

$6.50 to $6.80 



$12.00 to $16.00. 



About 500 ft 



About $10.00. 



200 ft. 



At wharf, 8 
to 40 yds. 



I mile to an- 
chorage In 
Sliathoms. 



About i mile, 
for vessels 
of 18 ft, 
draught. 



FACILITIES OP THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 
ports, together with the usual supply cm hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



37 



Manner of coaUng, rapid 
or slow, etc. 



By lighters and tugs; 
rapid; no Interruption; 
20 tons per hour. 



Alongside wharf. The 
B. r. Co. will build a 
new wharf and esti- 
mate to furnish coal 
when wharf is huilt at 
S5.00 to $5.50 per ton 
f.o. b; baskets; rapid. 



Alongside wharf, or by 
lighters; 150 tons per 
day; stowed by natives; 
occasional delays. 



Large steamers 450 ft. 
long, 26 ft. draught, 
usually coal alongside 
wharf at the rate of 550 
tons daily; coaUng by 
lighters in stream slow, 
85 tons a day. 



By lighters. 



By lighters. 



By lighters. 



Government 

coaling 

stations in 

vicinity. 



None . 



British, at 
Port Eoyal. 



British, a t 
Port Royal. 



British, a t 
dockyard. 



British, a t 
PortBijyal. 



Haytian, on 
Fort Isle; 
small sup- 
ply. 



Haytian, at 
Port-au- 
Prince; 
smallsup- 

piy. 

None 



None . 



Coal mining in 
vicinity. 



None. Deposits 
in vicinity 
unworked. 



None . 



None. 



None. 



None. 



None . 



None . 



None . 



None . 



Next coaling 

ports en route. 

(the nearest 

in itaUcs) . 



Habana, 
Cienfuegos, 
Trinidad 
Port Antonio, 
Kingston, 
Colon, 
San Juan, 
St. Thomas, 
St. Lucia. 



Cienfuegos, 
Santiago, 
Port Morant, 
Port Royal or 

Kingston, 
Colon, 
Cartagena. 



Cienfuegos, 
Santiago, 
Port Antonio, 
Port RoyaZ or 

Kingston, 
Colon. 

Cienfuegos, 
Santiago, 
Port Moroni, 
Colon, 
San Juan, 
St. Thomas, 
St. Lucia. 

Cienfuegos, 
Santiago, 
Port Morant, 
Colon, 
San Juan, 
St. Thomas, 
St. Lucia, 
Cartagena. 

Key West, 
Santiago, 
Port Antonio, 
Port Morant, 
Kingston. 

As for Port- 
au-Prince. 



As for Port- 
au-Prince. 

Kingston, 



San Juan, 
St. Thomas. 



Remarks. 



American coal, brought 
to Santiago by the 
steamers employed in 
carrying ore mined by 
the Juragua Iron Co. to 
the U. S., is now laid 
down so cheaply that 
coal from Great Britain 
can not compete. 

Coal can be supplied 
through the quarter- 
master, U. S. Army. 



Coal pile newly estab- 
lished by Boston Fruit 
Co. 



Coal pile newly estab- 
lished by Boston Fruit 
Co. A supply of 1,000 
tons, Cumberland or 
Cardiff, to be main- 
tained. 

All coal is property of 
British Government, 
furnished to naval ves- 
sels by courtesy. 



The Eoyal Mail S. S. Co., 
Atlas S. S. Co., and West 
India Improvement Co. 
keep large supply of 
coal. 



Steamers never coal here 
except in case of neces- 
sity. Duty on coal, $4.10 
per ton. 



The coaling station once 
maintained by the tr. S. 
Government at this port 
was sold in 1873. 



38 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Exhibit of coal to he had ai the following North AHardic Station 



Named port. 



Date. 



Kind of coal 
on band. 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



Average 

supply during 

year. 



OoBt pei ton. 



Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 



Puerto Plata, 
San Doniingo. 

San Pedro de Ma- 
coiis, 
San Domingo. 

Samana, 

San Domingo. 



SanDomingOj 
San Domingo. 



Ponce, 

Puerto Rico. 



Mayaguez, 

Puerto Rico. 



San Juan, 

Puerto Rico. 



Sept. 
1890. 

Feb., 



Oct., 



Nov., 
1896. 



None. 
None . 



None . 
None . 



None . 



None tor sale. 



Small supply for Clyde 
steamers. 



A few hundred tons for 
Clyde steamers. 



40 feet . 



Mar. 
1899. 



St. Tbomaa, D.W.I. 



Fredericksted, 
Santa Cruz, 

D. W. I. 



Christiansted, 
Santa Cruz, 

D. W. I. 



Anguilla, B. W. I. 



Basseterre, 

St. Christopher, 
B.W.I 



Charlestown, 
Nevis, 
B. W. I. 



Mar. 
1899. 



Dec, 
1890. 



Dec, 
1896, 



1892 
Apr., 
1895. 



1897 
Feb., 
1898. 
Sept., 



Dec, 
1885. 



Oct., 
1896, 



Dec, 
1885. 



Oct., 



Sept., 
1896. 

Feb., 
1888. 



Sept., 
18b. 



None. 



Bituminous: 
Clearfield ... 
(Berwind- 
Wblte Eu- 
reka). 

Cardiff 

Bituminous ... 



None 



2,200 



Cardiff. 
Cardiff. 



Cardiff 

American 



Cardiff 

(Kept for sale 
to the sugar 
works.) 

American West- 
moreland. 



Cardiff 

(Sold only to 
accom mo- 
date.) 



None . 
None. 

None . 



600 
5,000 



Uncertain . 



None. 



16,000 



6,000 to 
7,000. 



None . 
None . 

None. 
None. 



3,000 to 6,000 • 
6,000 



Average 
yearlysup- 
ply; 60,000 
tons; most- 
ly Ameri- 
can andre- 
mainder 
Cardiff. 



600 

Supply not 

to be de- 

pen d ed 

upon. 

600 to 800. 



600 
(At sugar 
factory) . 



Small. 



None . 



Never as 
much as 
100 tons. 

None 



$11.50,Mexican 



{11.50,Mexican 
$6.25 to S6.56. 



{7.30 at wharf. 
$6.83 stowed. 



5.75 stowed. 



At wharf, 60 
feet; at an- 
chorage in 
harbor, 2 
to Scabies. 



$12.00 stowed. 
$5.00 to $7.00. 



8.00 to $9.00 
at pile. 



$8.00 to $9.00; 
lighterage, 
per ton, extra, 
$1.00 to $2.00. 



PACILITIiES OF THE POETS OF THE WOBLD. 
ports, together with the usaal supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



39 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 


Gtovemment 

coaling 

stations m 

vicinity. 


Coal mining in 
vicinity. 


Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

in iiaXic^. 


Remarks. 




None 




As for Cape 
Haytlen. 


No coal used at this port 
for any purpose. 


No facilities 




At wharf when coal is 
obtainable; by baskets; 
rapid; no interruption. 

By lighters when coal is 
obtainable; liable to in- 
terruption, August to 
November. 


None 

None 

None 

None 

U. S. Naval 
Station. 

French, at 
Martinique; 
also small 
supply at 
Guadeloupe; 
British, at 
St. Lucia. 

As for St. 
Thomas. 

As for St. 
Thomas. 

As for St. 
Thomas. 

As for St. 
Thomas. 

As for St. 
Thomas. 




San Juan, 
St. Thomas, 
St. Lucia. 

Kingston, 
San Juan, 
St. Thomas, 
St. Lucia. 

As for San 
Domingo. 

As for San 
Domingo. 

Key West, 

Habana, 

Kingston, 

Colon, 

Curacao, 

St. Thomas, 

Martinique, 

St. Lucia, 

Barbadoes, 

Port of Spain. 

HamptonRds., 

Bermuda, 

Key West, 

Habana, 

Kingston, 

Colon, 

Curacao, 

San Juan, 

Martinique, 

St. Lucia, 

Barbadoes, 

Port of Spain, 

Demerara, 

Para, 

Porto Grande, 

Teneriffe, 

Madeira. 

San Juan, 
St. Thomas, 
Martinique, 
St. Lucia. 

As for Fred- 
ericksted. 

As for Fred- 
ericksted. 

As for Fred- 
ericksted. 

As for Fred- 
erlcksted. 




None 














Vessels of 23 ft. draught 
at coal wharf; rapid; no 
interruption; or m har- 
bor by lighters; 300 tons 
per day. 

Alongside wharf for ves- 
sels not exceeding 25 
ft. draught; by staging 
from pier for vessels of 
30 ft. draught; 60 tons 
per hour, or as rapidly 
as coal can be stowed; 
by lighters, if preferred, 
at an advanced price; 
no interruption, except 
possibly by hurricanes, 
August to November. 

By 50-ton lighters 

B v lio'hters ...... 


None - . 


Total importation of coal 




for Puerto Rico, 1890, 
amounted to 22,200 tons, 
of which 11,400 came 
from Gt. Britain, 10,000 
from U. S., and 700 from 
Nova Scotia. 

Coaling depots are main- 
tained at St. Thomas by 
the Compagnle G6n6r- 
ale Transatlantique, the 
Royal Mail Steam 
Packet Co., and the 
Hamburg-American 
Packet Co., each keep- 
ing about 4,000 to 5,000 
tons on hand. 




None 










By lighters when coal is 
obtainable; in hogs- 
heads. Delivery costs 
$1.25 to $1.50 per ton. 

















40 



COALING, DOCKING, AND BEP4.IEING 

Exhibit of coal to be had at the follovring North Atlantic Station 



Name of port. 



Date. 



Kind of coal 
on hand. 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



Average 

supply during 

year. 



Cost per ton. 



Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 



St. Johns, 
Antigua, 

B. W. 



English Harbor, 
Antigua, 

B. W. I. 



Pointe-a-Pitre, 
Guadeloupe, 
F. W. I. 



Portsmouth, 
Dominica, 

B. W. I. 



Roseau, 

Dominica, 

B. W. I. 

St. Pierre, 

Martinique, 

F. W. I. 



Oct., 
1890. 

Dec, 
1891. 
Oct., 
1896. 



Sept., 
1883. 

Dec, 
1891. 



Jan., 



Fort de Franee, 
Martinique, 

F. W. I. 



Port Castries, 
St. Lucia, 
B. W. I. 



Dec, 
1891. 



May, 
1899. 



Jan., 
1887. 



Dec, 
1890. 

Mar., 
1898. 
Mar., 
1895. 

Oct., 
1897. 
Jan., 



Bituminous ... 
(Gt.Britain.) 



Cardiff 

Patent fuel . 



Patent fuel . 
(Govt.) 
None 



125 
1,200 



400 



1,000 tons 
impor ted 
per year. 

125/ 

1,200 



400 



$7.30 to $8.50 
at pile. 



$10.00 



IJ miles to 
roads; } 
mile for 
vess e 1 s 
of 12 ft. 
draught; 
dredging 
in progress. 



Newcastle . 



400 to 500 



About$8.00; 
lighterage, 
per ton, 30c. 



About i mile 
for vessels 
of 26 ft. 
draught; 
ves s e 1 s 
of 15 ft. 
draug ht 
can go to 
wharves. 



None for sale. .. 



Pennsylvania . 



No supply for steamers; 
all coal imported is for 
use of sugar works. 



10,000 ex- 
c 1 usive 
of Govt, 
supply. 



Cardiff . 



Cardiff 

Eureka 

Pocahontas. 

Welsh 

Eureka 

Pocahontas.. 



Welsh 

Pocahontas. 



8,000 

3,000 
7,000 
1,000 
2,000 

1,000 

2,000 



10,000 to be 
increased to 
20,000. 



40,000 

10, 000 
10, 000 
2,000 



$7.00 



$9.00 delivered; 
furnished at 
cost ($5.00) 
to U.S. uavai 
vessels by 
courtesy o f 
the company; 
delivery per 
ton, ship at 
wharf, 15c. 

$8.10 on wharf; 
lighterage, 
per ton, 80c 

$8.00 on board. 

$4.87 stowed. 

$5.60 stowed. 

$4.87 stowed. 

$4.37 on board. 



100feet,max- 
imum, for 
vessels at 
wharf, i n 
basin of 
Cie. G«n. 
Trans. 



20 yards . 



1 Supply dur-f 

' ing 1897, i 

60,000 tons. [ 



$5.10 
$4. CO 



PACIIilTIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 



41 



ports, together with the usual supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 





Government 




Next coaling 




Manner of coaling, rapid 


coaling 


Coal mining in 


ports en route 


Remarks. 


or slow, etc. 


stations m 


vicinity. 


(the nearest 




vicinity. 




in italics). 




By-sailing lighters; mod- ■ 


As for St. 


None 


San Juan, 




erately rapid; rarely 
interrupted. 


Thomas. 




St. Thomas, 








Guadeloupe, 










Martinique, 










St. Lucia, 










Barbadoes, 










Port of Spain. 




Vessels not exceeding 17 
ft. draught can go 
alongside wharf at 


British, at 


None 


As for St. 


The British dockyard 
i s practically aban- 


dockyard; 




Johns. 


supply no 






doned, 1891; buildings, 


dockyard. 


longer 
hiaintain- 
ed, 1891. 






in charge of a care- 
taker, remain in good 
condition. 


By lighters, in capacity 


French a t 


None 


San Juan, 


About 30,000 tons of coal 


up to 50 tons. 


Fouillol 




St. Thomas, 


per year are imported 
lor the use of the sugar 




Point; 300 




Martinique, 




to 400 tons. 




St. Lucia. 
Barbadoes. 
Port of Spain. 


factory andmechanical 
establishment of E. 
Souques & Cie. (Usine 
d'Arboussier). No coal 
in general market. 




French, at 
Marti- 


None 


As for Pointe- 
a-Pitre. 












nlque, Bri- 
tish atst. 


















Lucia. 










As for Ports- 
mouth. 


None 


As for Pointe- 
4-Pitre. 










By 30-ton lighters 


French, at 


None 


As for Pointe- 


Total importation per 
year to Martinique, 


Fort de 




a-Pitre. 




France. 






principally entering at 
Fort de France, 
amounts to about 
70,000 tons, two-thirds 
from Great Britain, one- 
third from United 
States and Nova Scotia. 
Application should be 
made to U. S. consul. 


At vrharf in baiiln of Oie 


French a t 


None 


Colon, 


Large coaling depot, es- 
tablished by the Com- 


G6n. Trans.; available 


dockyard; 




Kingston, 


for vessels ol 29 ft. 


2,000 to 




Curacao, 
San Juan, 


pagnle Gtofirale Trans- 


draught; rapid; no in- 


4,000 tons. 




atlantique; 20 cents per 


terruption; electric 


pat ent 
fuel. 




St. Thomas, 


ton charged for stow- 


light for night work; 




St. Lucia. 


. ing. Government keeps 


or by lighters in har- 






Barbadoes, 


2,000 tons patent fuel on 


bor if preferred. 






Port of Spain. 

Demerara, 

Para, 

Porto Grande, 

Tenerlffe, 

Madeira. 


hand. 


Negroes carry baskets on 
their heads holding 


Pptprq Jtr Po 


None ......-•••• 


Hampton Rds., 
Bermuda, 


One of the best coaling 


have con- 




ports. Advantages are: 
Pocahontas coal, low 


100 lbs. each. They 


tract to 




Key West, 


form endless streams 


keep at 




Habana, 


prices, excellent facili- 


and carry over each 


least 2,000 




Kingston, 


ties, clean dock, easily 


gangway about 60 tons 


tons of 




Colon, 


policed, clean neighbor- 
hood, and strict laws 


an hour. In the stream 


Welsh 




Cartagena, 


they have 20-ton light- 


coal for 




Curacao, 
San .Juan, 


against smuggling liq- 


ers and stage rigging to 


the Brit- 




uor. 


coal, as at the wharf; 


ish squad- 




St. Thomas, 




the 20-ton lighters are 


ron. 




Martinique, 




constantly replenished 






Barbadoes, 




from smaller lighters. 






Port of Spain, 




Lighters cost 75 cents 






Demerara, 




per ton extra. 






Para, 

Porto Grande, 

Tenerlffe, 

Madeira. 





42 



COALING, DOCKING, AND BEPAIKING 

Exhibit of coal to be had at the following North Atlantw Station 



Name of port. 



Date. 



Kind of coal on 
band. 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



Average 

supply during 

year. 



Cost per ton. 



Distance 

fiom coal pile 

to ship. 



Kingstown. 
St. Vincent, 

B. W. I. 

Bridgetown, 
Barbadoes, 

B.W.I. 



St. George, 
Grenada, 

B.W.I. 

Port of Spain. 
Trinidad, 
B.W.I. 



Georgetown, 
Demerara, 
British Guiana. 



Paramaribo, 

Dutch Guiana. 



Cayenne, 

French Guiana. 



Manaos, Brazil . 
(Amazon.) 



Para, Brazil . 



June, 
1891. 



Feb., 
1893. 



Oct., 
1893. 
Feb., 
1897. 
Oct., 
1897. 

1884 



Feb., 
1898. 



Sept, 
1884. 
Jan., 
1891. 



1899 



Aug., 
1884. 



1899 
1888 

Apr., 



Oct, 
1883 
Oct., 
1890. 



May, 



No supply for steamers; 
total importation, 1890, 
amounted to 105 tons. 



Cardiff . 



3, 000 to 
4,0000. 



None except 

Govt, supply. 

Welsh 

American 

Bituminous 

Pocahontas 

Cardiff 

Patent fuel 



I 4, 000 in f 
f hulks. I 



Large. 



$7.06 stowed. 



«7.01f.o.b. 
$6.25 



Small supply for royal 
mail steamers. 



100 
500 



Cardiff 

Patent fuel 

Bituminous; 

Great Britain . 

Pennsylvania. 

Welsh 



6,000 
3,000 



«6.B0 to 87.50 
stowed. 
»9.60 stowed. 
$8.50 



10,000 



Cardiff . 



Cardiff . 



98,000 tons imported,1889. 
500 tons imported for 
trial, 1890. 

600 2,500 



Sufficient for use of Gov- 
ernment vessels and 
of steamers of Butch 
Royal Mail Co. to Am- 
sterdam. 

800 2,000 



Welsh . 



7, 000 to 10, 000. 



Cardiff . 
Scotch.. 
Cardiff . 



5, COO 



Welsh . 



1,000 



$7.50 to $10.00 
stowed. 

I $5.50 to $7.75, 
\ cost to im- 
porter. 
$8.50 alongside. 



$10.00 to $12.00 
at pile; de- 
livery and 
stowing, per 
ton, $1.00. 

$7.00 



50 yds. 



100 yds. 
from pile 
to wharf. 



6 miles for 
vessels ex- 
ceeding 14 
ft. draught. 



i,ooo| 



$12.66 stowed. 



$12.00f.o.b. 



i mile . 



24,000 



$8.51, cost to 
importer. 



$9.60 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 



43 



ports, together with the umal au/pply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or alow, etc. 


Government 

coaling 

stations in 

vicinity. 


Coal mining in 
vicinity. 


Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

inUalics). 


Remarks. 




Martinique, 
St. Lucia, 
Barb a- 
does. 


None 


Martinique, 
St. iMda, 
Barbadoes, 
Port of Spain, 










By lighters of 25 tons ca- 
pacity; rapid, 50 tons 
per hour; strong sea 
preeze sometimes occa- 
sions delays; no inter- 
ruption as a rule. 


British, 
near the 
Engi- 
neer's 
Wharf: 
consider- 
able sup- 
ply. 


None; deposits 
i n Scotland 
district, not 
worked. 


Colon, 
Kingston, 
Cartagena, 
Curaijao, 
San Juan, 
St. Thomas, 
Martinique, 
St. Lucia, 
Port of Spain, 
Demerara, 
Paramaribo, 
Para. 


Duty on coal, 60 cents per 
ton. Cavan & Co. carry 
from 3,000 to 4,000 tons of 
navigation coal. There 
are two other dealers 
prepared to bid to sup- 
ply coal. 










a special favor by Gov- 
ernment contractor. 


By lighters, when coal is 
obtainable. 


None on the 
island. 




St. Lucia, 
Barbadoes, 
Port of Spain. 








From hulk Ripon, moor- 
ed In 16 feet of water, 
alongside or by light- 
ers. 


British, at 
Commls- 
s a r i a t 
Wharf; 
about 400 
tons. 


None 


Colon, 

Kingston, 

Cartagena, 

Curacao, 

San Juan, 

St. Thomas, 

Martinique, 

St. Lucia, 

Barbadoes, 

Demerara, 

Paramaribo, 

Para. 


Coal is imported without 




duty. 


Alongside wharf, or by 
baskets from punts; or 
from hulk; moderately 
rapid; no interruption. 

Mail steamers coal at 
wharf, 15 ft. alongside 

lighters; slow. 


None 




San Juan, 
St. Thomas, 
Martinique, 
St. Lucia, 
Curasao, 
Barbadoes, 
Port of Spain, 

Para. 

Martinique, 

St. Lucia, 

Curajao, 

Barbadoes, 

Port of Spain, 

Demerara, 

Para. 


No regular coal dealers in 




colony, consumers usu- 
ally importing for their 
own use: demand is 
chiefly for the supply 
of the sugar estates, and 
to a less extent for that 
of the colonial steamers, 
the railway, and a few 
small manufactories. 










French Gov- 
emment 
depot. 


None 


As for Para- 
maribo. 










Lighters and small bas- 
kets; slow. 


None 




St. Lucia, 

Barbadoes, 

Port of Spain, 

Para. 

Demerara, 

Maranham, 

Pernambuco. 


Supply of coal regulated 
by demands of river 
steamers. 












By lighters and small 
baskets; slow; seldom 
Interrupted. 


None 


None . 


St. Lucia, 

Barbadoes, 

Port ol Spain, 

Demerara, 

Maranham, 

Pemambuco. 


Booth & Co. principal 




dealei«. 










Amazon Steam Nav. Co. 










has usually 2,000 on 
hand and will supply 
vessels m case of emer- 










gency. 



44 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Exhibit of coal to he had at the following South Atlantic Station 



Name of port. 



Kind of coal on 
hand. 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



Average 

iupply during 

year. 



Cost per ton. 



Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 



Maranham, Brazil. 



May, 



Ceara, Brazil . 



Pemambuco, 

Brazil. 



Bahla, Brazil . 



Oct., 
1890. 



Oct., 
1897. 
May, 
1899. 

Dec, 
1893. 
Oct., 
1896. 
1897 
May, 
1897. 



Rio de Janeiro, 

Brazil. 



Santos, Brazil. 



Desterro, St. 

Catherines Id., 
Brazil. 



Rio Grande do 

Sul, Brazil. 



Oct., 
1894. 
May, 
1897. 
Not. 
1897. 
Oct., 



Nov., 
1886. 

July, 
1899. 

July, 
1885. 



July, 
1899. 

Dec, 
1890. 



July, 
1896 



Cardiff , 



Cardiff . 



1,000 



225 



Cardiff: 

Nixon's Nav'n. 
Cory's Merthyr 
Ocean Merthyr 
Patent fuel 

Lancashire 

Newcastle 

Westphalian 



Welsh 

Ocean Merthyr 



Large 
supply. 



Ample 
supply. 



8,000 



;,000 to ns 
imported 
per year; 
never less 
than 6,000 
tons on 
hand. 



8,000 



Welsh. 
Cardiff 



Welsh 

Ocean Merthyr 
Cory's Merthyr 



3,000 
1,000 



h 



,000 to 5,000 



Cardiff 

Ocean Merthyr 
Welsh 



Large supply. 



Cardiff 

Newcastle . 



■ 1,000 
600 tons.. 



Cardiff . 



4,000 



Cardiff . 



Patent fuel . 



Cardiff 

Porto Alegre , 



2,000 



,ooo| 



Not to be de- 
pend ed 
upon ; 500 
to 1,500 
tons. 



About 4,000 
tons im- 
ported per 
year. 

About 2,600 
tons per 
year im- 
ported for 
use of R.R. 

1,000 to 5, 000 



tl2.00 



tll.05 to $13.66; 
delivery, per 
ton, $1.06. 



According 
to quality; 
S10.92 to $15.28 
stowed; cost 
to vessels 
outside reef 
slightly 
greater than 
inside. 

$10.81 

$10.46 



$9.73 for 2,000 

pounds. 
$9.24 alongside. 

$10.21 stowed. 



$8.24 alongside. 

$9.61 alongside. 

$9.73 stowed. 



Prices about 
same as at Rio 
de Janeiro. 

$9.60 



About $18.50, 
delivered. 



Imlle . 



i mile if in- 
side reef; 
It outside, 
Imile. 



4 mile if in- 
side reef 
if outside, 
Imlle. 



1 to 3 miles.. 



2 to S miles .. 



i to 1 mile . 



$11.00 to $15.00, 
cost to R. R. 
Co. 



$11.02 to $12.16 



FACILITIES OF THE POETS OF THE WOELD. 



45 



ports, together wUh the visual supply on hand, cost, etc. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 



Grovemment 

coalingr 

stations in 

vicinity. 



Coal mining in 
vicinity. 



Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

in italics). 



Remarlcs. 



By lighters of 50 tons ca- 
pacity; slow. 



In sacks, from jungadas 
of Iff to 2 tons capacity ; 
slow. 



By lighters of about 65 
tons capacity; liable to 
interruption at outer 
anchorage; rapid. 



None. 



None. 



None. 



None . 



None . 



Facilities poor; by light 
ers of 60 to 75 tons ca- 
pacity; Brazil negroes 
use small baskets and 
work slowly; coal light- 
ers are not sent along- 
side promptly. 



British, Ger- 
man, and 
Austrian 
contracts; 
the Brit 
ish con- 
tract re- 
quires a 
minimum 
supply of 
3,000 tons 
(Cardiff) 
maintain- 
ed at all 
times. 



By baskets from lighters; None, ex- 
about 30 tons per hour; cept by 
seldom interrupted. contract. 



None. 



None. 



By lighters, or from coal 
hulk brought along- 
side. 



By lighters and small 
baskets, when coal is 
obtainable; liable to 
interruption by high 
winds, July to Septem- 
ber. 



Not available for vessels 
exceeding 12 ft. 
draught, on account of 
bar 7 miles from town; 
improvement works in 
progress, 1891. 



None . 



None. 



San Jeronymo 
mines, 50 
miles west of 
Porto Alegre; 
bituminous 
of poor qual- 
ity; output, 
8,000 tons per 
year. 



St. Lucia, 

Barbadoes, 

Port of Spain, 

Demerara, 

Para, 

Pemambuco. 

Demerara, 

Para, 

MaranJwm, 

Pemambuco. 

Bahia. 

St. Lucia. 

Barbadoes, 

Port of Spain, 

Demerara, 

Para, 

Maranham. 

Porto Grande, 

Dakar, 

St. Helena, 

Bahia, 

EiodeJaneiro, 

Montevideo. 



St. Lucia, 

Barbadoes, 

Port of Spain. 

Demerara, 

Para, 

Porto Grande, 

Dakar, 

St. Helena, 

Pemambuco, 

EiodeJaneiro, 

Montevideo, 

Bnsenada, 

Buenos Ayres, 

Port Stanley, 

Sandy Point. 

Para. 

Porto Grande, 

Dakar, 

St. Helena, 

Pemambuco, 

Bahia, 

SaTUos, 

Montevideo, 

]£nsenada, 

Buenos Ayres. 

Port Stanley, 

Sandy Point. 

Bahia, 

Bio de Janeiro. 

Montevideo. 



Riode Janeiro, 
Santos, 
Montevideo, 
Ensenada, 
Buenos Ayres. 



EiodeJaneiro, 
Santos, 
Montevideo, 
Ensenada, 
Buenos Ayres. 



Can not rely upon finding 
coal. 



Total importation of coal 
at Bahia amounts to 
about 65,000 tons per 
year. There are two 
coal-dealing firms; 
about 1,000 tons are 
kept in lighters at all 
times, ready for im- 
mediate delivery. Con- 
tracts should stipulate 
that coal is to be 
weighed. 



12,000 tons per month im- 
ported. For the rail- 
roads only. 



No regular dealer. Coal 
is kept for use of Lam- 
port & Holt steamers, 
and those of Brazilian 
coastline; for sale only 
when stock on hand is 
large. 

Coal freights from Great 
Britain (1890), $7.91 to 
811.68 per ton. 



46 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Exhibit of coal to be had al thefoUowing South Atlantic Station 



Name of port. 


Date. 


Kind of coal 
on hand. 


Tons 

of each at 

date. 


Average 

supply during 

year. 


Cost per ton. 


Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 




Dec, 
1891. 

Nov., 

1894. 
Mar., 

1895. 
Mar., 

1896. 
Sept., 

1899. 

May, 
1885. 

Sept., 
1889. 

June, 
1892. 

July, 
1896. 

Sept., 

mi. 

July, 
1892. 

May, 
1897. 

Aug., 
1888. 

Aug., 
1888. 

Oct., 
1887. 
June, 
1892. 

June, 
1889. 

July, 
1896. 

Jime, 
1889. 

July, 
1896. 

Aug., 
1896. 

Aug., 
1896. 

May, 
1889, 




None .... 








Uruguay. 


Cardiff 




$9.83 alongside, 

$6.56 alongside, 
$6.08 alongside, 
$6.40 to $8.75 

alongside, 
$6.40 to $8.75 

alongside. 


i mile for ves- 
sels draw- 
ing 15 ft.; 
2 miles for 
vessels 
drawing 20 
ft. 


Uruguay. 






Welsh .. . 




Cardiff 


Large supply. -j 




Cardiff 


None 

7,000 


None 


Colonia, Uruguay. . 

Fray Bentos, 

Uruguay. 


None 


Cardiff 


6,000 to 9,000 


$17.68 
$15.00 
$10.40 

$13.52 

Variable; from 
$9.50 to $15.50. 
$8. 00 to $10. 00 


200 yards 


Cardiff (Nixon's 

Navigation) . 

Cardiff 




300 

300 

400 
100 


2,000 


Paysandu, 

Uruguay. 


Cardiff 


Cardiff 


} 300{ 
1,000 






Cumberland 

Cardiff 


San Pedro, 






Argentina. 
San Nicolas, 


None 


None 

1,000 

Tempo- 
rarily 
none. 

500 
500 


No regular 
supply. 

1,200 

500 

600 
450 






Argentina. 


Cardiff 


$11.00 to $16.00, 
delivered. 

$10.50 alongside 
hulk. 

$18.20 f.o.b.... 


Hulk 600 ft. 
from usual 
anchorage. 

300 yds 




English 


Saint Elena, 




Argentina. 


Cardiff 


La Paz, Argentina . 


None 






Corrientea, 


Cardiff 


50 to 100 








Argentina. 
Corumba, Brazil . . . 










Lodario, Brazil 












Asuncion, 


Cardiff 


None 


200 tons 


$20.00 




Paraguay. 







FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 



47 



ports, together ninth the usual supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 


Government 

coaling 

stations in 

vicinity. 


Coal mining in 
vicinity. 


Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

in italics). 


Remarks. 


No facilities; coal may be 
obtained from Monte- 
video upon telegraphic 
order; towed down in 
lighters; expensive. 

By large lighters; coal 
hoisted on board in 
bags; rapid in good 
weather; liable to in- 
terruption by pam- 
peros, especially dur- 
ing winter months, 
June to September. 


None 

None 

None 

None 

None 

None 

None 

None 

None 




RiodeJaneiro, 
Santos, 
Montevideo, 
Ensenada, 
Buenos Ayres. 

Pernambuco, 

Bahia, 

RiodeJaneiro, 

Santos, 

Ensenada, 

Buenos Ayres, 

Rosario, 

Paysandu, 

Port Stanley, 

Sandy Point. 

Montevideo, 
Buenos Ayres. 

Montevideo, 
Ensenada, 
Buenos Ayres, 
Paysandu. 

Fray Bentos, 
Buenos Ayres, 
Ensenada, 
Montevideo. 

Buenos Ayres, 
Rosario. 

Buenos Ayres, 
Rosario. 

Montevideo, 
Ensenada, 
Buenos Ayres, 
Sania Elena. 

Rosario, 
Buenos Ayres, 
Ensenada, 
Montevideo. 


Concession granted to a 




company, 1891, to build 
wet docks and establish 
a coaling station at this 
port. 

280,000 tons imported in 


None 


1895. It is often cheaper 
for steamers entering 
the River Plate to coal 
in docks at Ensenada or 
Buenos Ayres. 


At wharf; 16 to 18 ft. 
alongside; narrow- 
gauge railway from 
coal pile to wharf; 
rapid: no interruption. 

By lighters; 50 tons per 
day; no interruption; 
vesselsof lightdraught 
at wharf. 








Meat Extract Co., and 
is sold only as a matter 
of accommodation. 

Can be furnished by rail- 


None 


road from Montevideo 
quickly, and in any 
quantity. 








Alongside hulk; rapid; 
lighters may be hired, 
but none are owned by 
coal dealers. 








Coal is property of Kem- 
merich Co., for use in 
the saladero; sold only 
to accommodate, to be 
stowed by ship's com- 
pany. 

$3.00 per ton above Buenos 








None .'. 


None 


Santa Elena, 
Rosario. 


Ayres prices. 






Coal is for use of steam- 




- 






ship line, but may be 
sold by permission of 
agent in Buenos Ayres; 
83.50 per ton above 
Buenos Ayres prices. 














None 


None 


Santa Elena, 
Rosario, 
Buenos Ayres. 


The steamship companies 






will send for any quan 
tity of coal at Buenos 
Ayres prices, plus $3.00 
to 84.00 freight per ton. 



48 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIBING 

Exhibit of coal to be had at the following South Atlantic Station 



Naiae of port. 



Date, 



Kind of coal 
on hand. 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



Average 

supply during 

year. 



Cost per ton. 



Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 



Buenos Ayres, 

Argentina. 



Ensenada, 

Ai^ntina. 



Nov. 
1890. 



Oct., 
1891. 
Jan., 



Mar., 
1892. 



Cardiff. 



Newcastle 

Scotch 

Lancashire 

Cardiff (Cory's 

Merthvr) . 
Welsh 



850,081 tons 
imported, 
1895. 



Cardiff. , 



7,000 



10,000 to 20,000 



$13.62 stowed, 
average cost 
to vessels in 
roads. 

$9.32 in docks. 

$7.98 on board. 



>9.50 atwharf, 
in docks. 



For vessels 
anchored in 
roads, about 
5 miles; in 
docks, short 





Jan., 
1894. 


Cardiff 






Bahia Blanca, 

Argentina. 


l^V 

Oct., 
1896. 


None for sale. . . 






Port Stanley, 


Jan., 

1887. 




Falkland Ids. 






Oct., 
1896. 

Mar., 


Welsh 




Scotch 




None 



15, 000 $6.96 alongside. 



Ascension Island.. Mar., 
1890. 



Jamestown, 

St. Helena. 



St. Paul de Loanda, 
West Africa. 



Mossamedes, 

West Africa. 



Walflsoh Bay, 

West Africa. 



Mar. 
1890. 



Dec, 
1891. 



Oct., 
1894. 
Aug. 

im. 



Jan., 
1890. 
June, 
1892. 
1897 



June, 
1892. 



Cardiff 

West Hartley. 
Patent fuel . . , 



Cardiff. 



Bituminous (not 
specified) . 



Plymouth 

iPowell Duflryn. 



Cardiff., 
Cardiff., 
Cardiff., 

Cardiff.. 



Considerable supply. 
Imported from Great 
Britain by Great 
Southern Rwy . Co. , for 
own use. 

None None 



4,000 



None . 



2,000 
800 

2,000 



None . 



1,000, exclu- 
sive of Gov- 
ernment 
supply. 



Uncertain . . 



2,000 



Supply maintained for 
cable steamers; usually 
sold to accommodate. 



Sept., None . 
1894. 



None . 



None . 



$10.50, cost to 
importer. 



$12.17, in hulk. 
$7.50 to $8.00 



By courtesy, at 
cost to naval 



$17.03 alongside. 

$13.38 f.o.b. 

$13.38 alongside. 
$12.00 alongside. 



$14.60 

$12.17 alongside; 

$12.66 stowed. 

$11.57 



$17.03 



About 1 mile, 
hulk to an- 
chorage. 



Coal pUe 200 
yds. from 
Jetty. 



Coal pile 20 
yards from 
letty; ship 
imflefrom 



jetty. 



200 to 2,000 
yds., ac- 
cording to 
anchorage. 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 



49 



ports, together with the usual supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 


Govemment 

coaling 

stations in 

vicinity. 


Coal mining in 
in vicinity. 


Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

in italics) . 


Remarks. 


By lighters at anchorage 
inroads; about 100 tons 
per day; liable to inter- 
ruption; or at wharf in 
docks; passed on board 
in baskets; rapid; no 
Interruption. 

In docks, always avail- 
able for vessels of 22J ft. 
draught; by lighters or 
at wharf; rapid; 3 ships 
can obtfliin 800 tons 
each in 2 days; no in- 
terruption. 


None 

None 




Pemambuco, 

Bahia, 

RiodeJaneiro, 

Santos, 

Montevideo, 

BhiseTiada, 

Paysandu, 

Eosario, 

Port Stanley, 

Sandy Point. 

Buenos Ayres, 
and as for 
BuenosAyres. 


Docks already completed 


None . . ... 


at Buenos Ayres are 
available for vessels of 
21| ft. draught; those 
atBnsenada for vessels 
of the large -t size. 
Coal freights fiom Gt. 
Britain to BuenosAyres, 
1889, averaged 87.94 per 
ton. 

Port of city of La Plata. 




The low price of the coal 


At wharf; minimum 
depth alongside, 23 feet 
atL.W. (1891). 

Alongside hulk, 200 tons 
in 24 hours; or by small 
lighters from hulk, in 
bags; all work by ship's 
crew; liable to inter- 
ruption by weather. 


None 

British, by 
contract 
with the 
Falkland 
Islands Co. 


None 


BuenosAyres, 
Montevideo, 
Port Stanley, 
Sandy Point. 

RiodeJaneiro, 
Montevideo, 
Buenos Ayres, 
Sandy Point, 
Lota, 
Valparaiso. 


is reported to have been 
due to lively competi- 
tion of dealers at this 
time. 




Unusual supply at date of 




report, due to arrival of 
3,500 tons in a vessel 
which put in in distress, 
and was kept for use as 
a coal hulk. 
A British coaling station 


By lighters of 10 tons ca- 
pacity; rapid; liable to 
interruption by heavy 
rollers. 

By bags from lighters of 
8 to 17 tons capacity; 

smooth side only; lia- 
ble to interruption by 
heavy rollers, January 
and February. 


British 

British 




Pemambuco, 
Porto Grande, 
Elmina, 
St. Helena, 
Loanda. 

RiodeJaneiro, 
Pemambuco, 
Porto Grande, 
Dakar, 
Ascension, 
Fernando Po, 
Loanda, 
Cape Town. 


will shortly be estab- 
lished, and also a shop 
for ordinary repairs. 

AU coal is property of Brit- 


None... 


ish Govemment; sold 
only to accommodate, 
and in smallest quanti- 
ties necessary. 

One dealer, Solomon, 


By baskets from lighters 
of 30 tons capacity; 200 
tons in 24 hours; sel- 
dom interrupted. 

Alongside hulk maintain- 
ed by Eastern and So. 
African Telegraph Co. 


Portuguese; 
small sup- 
ply. 

None 




Fernando Po, 
Banana, 
Mossamedes, 
St. Helena, 
Cape Town. 

St. Helena, 
Loanda, 
Cape Town. 


Hogg & Co. 
Best coaling port of West 


None - ...... 


Africa to southward of 
the equator. 

















12477- 



50 



COALING, DOCKING, AND BEPAIRING 

Exhibit of coal to be had at tlie folloidng South Atlantic Stgiion 



Name of port. 


Date. 


Kind of coal 
on hand. 


Tons 

of each at 

date. 


Average 

supply during 

year. 


Cost per ton. 


Distapoe 

from coal pile 

to ship. 




Jan., 
1890. 


Cardiff 


Large 
supply. 


26,0p0, in 
hands of 
dealers. 


$12.89 to J13.87 
alongside. 


i mile to an- 
chorage in 
Table Bay. 


Cape Colony. 






1892 








$11.56 alongside 
$11.92 stowed, 
Alfred Docks; 

S12.17 alongside 
812.53 stowed. 
Table Bay. 














Aug., 
1899. 


Cory's Merthyr . 


20,000 


4,000; 150,000 
Government. 


812.60 stowed. 






1884 


CardiflE 


[ 1,000 
Exclusive 


l,50&j 

of Govt, sup- 
ply. 


$14.40 alongside. 


About 400 
yds. 


Cape Colony. 


Newcastle 






Mossel Bay, 

Cape Colony. 


1883 


English 


100 


100 


$18.00 f.o.b. 




Port Elizabeth, 


July, 

1887. 


Cardiff 


Larg 


3 supply. 


$12.17 alongside. 
$8.89 to $6.08 at 
pUe. 


Imile 


Cape Colony. 


Colonial 










East London, 


Feb., 
1886. 


Colonial: 

Cyphergat 

Molteno 

Falrview 






$3.89 at pile. 




Cape Colony. 


• Considerable supply. \ 








Indwe 




I 


$6.08 at pile. 




Durban, Natal, 


July, 
1887. 


Welsh 




f 






South Africa. 


English 

Australian 


Considerable supply. 










Lorenzo Marquez, 


Jan., 
1891. 

July, 
1895. 
1896 
Inlv 


Welsh 




10,000 tons 
imported, 
1890. 




For deep- 
draught ves- 
sels, about 
9 miles. 


Delagoa Bay, 
South Africa. 


Cardiff 


2,500 


$13.14 

$14.23 f.o.b. 
$14.35 to $16.75 




Cardiff 


, ■ ■ 




Welsh 1 


2,500 






1899. 













FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WOELD. 



51 



ports, toffether wUh the itmal supply on hand, cost, flc. — Continued. 





Government 




Next coaling 




Manner of coaling, rapid 


coaling 
stationsin 


Goal mining in 


ports en route 


■ Remarks. 


or slow, etc. 


vicinity. 


(the nearest 




vicinity. 




in italics) . 




At ooaliiig jetty, 28 ft. 


British, at 


None 


Femandp Po, 


In addition to coal supply 
in hands of dealers. 


alongside; very rapid; 


Simons 




Banapa, 


no interruption; or by 
ligliters, of G tons ca- 


Town. 




St. Helena, 


depots "are maintained 






Loanda, 


by both the Castle and 


pacity, at anchorage; ' 






Mossq,iriedes, 


the Union steamship 


coal in bags, about 300 






Sitnons Town, 


lines. 


lbs. eacli; very slow. 






P. Elizabeth, 

East tohdbh, 

Durban, 

Mozambique, 

Zanzibar, 

Mauritius. 




By Iron lighters from pri- 
vate dealers or by sail- 


Briti 8 h , at 


None 


St. Helena, 




dockyard; 




Loanda, 




ing boats of 8 tons ca- 


about 10,- 




Mossamedes, 




pacity from dockyard; 


000 tons, 




Cave Town, 
P.Elizabeth, 




rapid in fine weather; 


chief 1 y 






XOO to 250 tons per day, 


Cardiff; 




Durban, 




according to circum- 


one -third 




Mozambique, 




stances; seldom inter- 


Newcastle. 




Zanzibar, 




rupted. 






Mauritius. 




By lighters; liable to in- 
terruption by S. E. gales, 
September to April. 


None 


None 


Cape Town, 
Simons Town, 














P. EHnabeth. 




In bags, by lighters of 30 


None ....... 


None nearer 


St. Helena, 


Vessels of 15 ft. draught 


to 60 tons capacity; 




than Storm- 


Loanda, 


can be taken alongside 
the jetties, of which 


about 200 tons per day; 




iDergMts. 


Cape Town, 


liable to interruption 






Simon's Town, 


there are two; one of 


by S. E. gales, Septem- 






East London, 


these is bPing extended 


bei.tp April. 






Durban, 
Mozambique, 
Zanzibar, 
Mauritivis. 


(1891) to 21 ft. alongside 
atL.W. 










By lighters and tugs; 
vessels roll consider- 


None 


At Cyphergat 
and Molteno, 


Cape Town, 


Colonial coal contains 




Simons Town; 


much dross, but is in 


ably at anchorage; lia- 
ble to interruption; 




in Stormberg 


P. Elizabeth, 


use throughout Eastern 




Mts., about 


Durban, 


System of colonial rail- 


vessels of 15i ft. 




220 miles dis- 


Mozambique. 


ways. Indwe coal is 


draught can enter river 
and lie at wharves; 




tant by rail. 




the best and commands 




1,300 tons per 




highest price. A sub- 
sidy was granted in 


river channel being 




month;' and 




deepened, 1891. 




on Ind w e 
K i V e r, in 
Wodehouse 
district, about 
200 miles from 
East London, 
500 tons per 
month, 1886. 




1886 for rail connections 
from Indwe mines to 
main line of Eastern 
System. 


t 








By lighters from the coal 
j hiiTlrs; about 100 tons 


None 


Deposits at 
Newcastle, 


Gape Town, 


1892.— Steamers coaling 




Simons Town, 


here now usually take 


per day in fine >veather; 
bad place to coal oh ac- 




Natal, about 


P. Elizabeth, 


Natal coal; Dundee 




150 miles dis- 


East London, 


mine is re; orted to be 


count of heavy swell; 




tant; to be de- 


Delagoa Bay, 


the best; output, 10,000 
tons per month. 


' liable to interruption. 




veloped. 


Mozambique. 


By lighters; slow 


None 


None; deposits 


P. Elizabeth, 


One dealer only, L. Cohen 






in district. 


Durban, 


&Co. 






not woried. ' 


Mozambique. 















52 



COALING, DOCKING, AND BEPAIKING 

Exhibit of coal to be had at thefollowiny South Atlantic Station 



Name of port. 


Date 


Kind of coal 
on hand. 


Tons 

of each at 

date. 


Average 

supply during 

year. 


Cost per ton. 


Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 


Mozambique, 

Mozambique. 


Jan., 
1891. 

May, 


Welsh: 
Ocean Merthyi 




1 800 to 3,000 


Varies from 
$15.81 to $19.46 
f.o.b., accord- 


J mile 








Femdale 


1,000 




1895. 
1896 


Cardiff 




1,000 to 2,000 


$13.38 

$10.83 alongside 

$10.95 stowed. 

$14.40 on board. 




Zanzibar, 


1892 

June 
1899. 


Welsh 




About 1 mile. 


East Africa. 


CardiflE 


10,000 


10,000 






Johanna, 


Mar. 
1887 


None 


None 








Comoro Ids. 










Mayotte, 

Comoro Ids. 


Sept. 

1886. 
May, 

1895. 
Jan., 
1897. 


Patent fuel 

Patent fuel bri- 
quettes. 


500 
3,000 
Pis 


600 


$14. 96 
$10.18 
$13.12 


Jmile 




mtiful. 






Helleville, 
Nossi B«, 
Madagascar. 


Apr., 
1886. 


Patent fuel 


2,000 


2,000 


At cost; $12.10 
alongside, by 
courtesy. 


J to i mile... 


Majunga, 


Mar., 
1887. 


None 










Madagascar. 












Mourandava, 


Feb., 
1884. 


None 


None 


None 






Madagascar. 










Tullear, 


Mar., 
1886. 


None 


None 


None 






Madagascar 










Tamatave, 


July, 
1899. 




200 


200 


$12.65 


Imiile 


Madagascar. 




Ste. Marie, 


Apr., 
1887. 

Jan., 
1897. 


Patent fuel 




6,000 
1,000 


t 

At cost; $14.86 
alongside, by 
courtesy. 

$11.58 


i mile 


Madagascar. 




2,000 






Diego Suarez, 


Apr., 
1889. 

Jan., 
1897. 


None except 
French Govt, 
supply. 










Madagascar. 




6,000 


$11.58 to $13.51 










St. Denis and 


1891 












Pointe des Qalets, 
E^union. 












St. Pierre, 














Reunion. 















FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 



53 



ports, together with the usual mpply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 


Government 

coaling 

stations in 

vicinity. 


Coal mining in 
vicinity. 


Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest) 

in italics) . 


Remarks. 


By lighters of 30 tons ca- 
pacity: 150 tons in 24 
hours; when anchored 
outside harbor, lights 
ers must be towed by 
ship's boats; coaling 
not practicable outside 
Fort St. Sebastian with 
wind from S. and E.; 
no interruption inside. 

Lighters of 15 to 20 tons; 
very slow; 200 tons per 
day; no coaling at 
night. 


None in im- 
mediate 
vicinity; 
French 
at Mayot 
and Nossi 
B&. 

British; 
5,000 tons. 

French at 
Mayotte. 

French; also 
at Nossi B«. 

French; also 
at Mayotte 
and Diego 
Suarez. 

French; at 
Nossi B«. 

None 

None 

French; at 
Ste. Marie 
and Diego 
Suarez. 

French; also 
at Diego 
Suarez. 

French; aJso 
at Nossi B^ 
and Ste. 
Marie. 

French, at 
Pointe des 
Galets; 
British, at 
Mauritius. 

As for St. 
Denis. 


None; deposits 
inland, not 
worked. 


Cape Town, 
Simons Town, 
P. Elizabeth, 
Durban, 
Delagoa Bay, 
Mayotte, 
Nossi B6, 
Zanzibar, 
Mah(5, 
Aden. 

Cape Town, 

Simons Town, 

P.Elizabeth, 

Delagoa Bay, 

Durban, 

Mozambique. 

Mayotte, 

Nossl B6, 

Reunion, 

Mauritius, 

Mah«, 

Colombo, 

Aden. 

Zanzibar, 
Mayotte, 
Nossi B&. 

Mozambique, 
Nossl Bi, 
Zanzibar. 

Mozambique, 

Mayotte, 

Zanzibar, 

Diego Suarez, 

Reunion, 

Mauritius, 

Mahi. 

Nossi B6, 

Mayotte, 

Mozambique. 

Delagoa Bay, 
Mozambique. 

Delagoa Bay, 
Mozambique. 

Delagoa Bay, 
Ste. Marie, 
Diego Suarez, 
Reunion, 
Mauritius. 

Delagoa Bay, 

TaTU^ave, 

Reunion, 

Mauritius, 

Diego Suarez, 

Mah«. 

Tamatave, 
Ste. Marie, 
Reunion, 
Mauritius, 
Nosse Bi, 
Mah«. 

Delagoa Bay, 
Tamatave, 
Ste. Marie, 
Mauritius, 
Mah6, 
Diego Garcia. 

As for St. 
Denis. 


Total importation of coal 
per year amounts to 
about 6,000 tons. 




Mackenzie & Co., deal- 
ers. The latter firm has 
the contract for coaling 
English men-of-war, 
and is required to keep 
3,000 tons of coal on 
hand. 


By lighters 


None 


Coal is property of French 
Government. 

Coal is property of French 
Government. 


By iron lighters of about 
20 tons capacity, loaded 
at pier by natives, and 
towed oS by steam 
launch from ship; coal- 
ing by ship's crew; no 
interruption. 


None 


None 










None 




By lighters of about 10 
tons capacity; slow; 
only about 50 tons per 
day; natives will not 
work at night. 

By iron lighters of about 
20 tons capacity, towed 
off by ship's steam 
launch; slow; liable 
to interruption by S. 
winds. 


None 






Coal is property of French 
Government. 

Acquired by French Gov- 




By lighters off St. Denis, 
or in docks, Pointe des 
Galets. 




ernment by treaty with 
Malagassy Govern- 
ment, 1885. Coal sold 
only as a matter of 
courtesy. 
The basin at Pointe des 


None 


Galets is available for 
vessels of the largest 
size. 









54 



COALESrO, DOCEDTG, AND BEPAHOWG 

Exkibit of coal to be lutd at tltefoUmmng Sottth AttanHc stnlhn 



Name of port 


n , j Kind of coal 
"*'*^- ' on hand. 


Tons 

of each at 

date. 


Average 

supply daring 

year. 


Cost per ton. 


Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 


Port Lonis. 


Mav, 

1887. 
1891 

1892 

Nov., 
1896. 

Oct, 
1883. 


Cardiff 




} 6.000{ 


S10.58 


itojniile... 

About 100 
yds., at in- 
ner anchor^ 
age. 


Mauritius. 


Australian 






Cardiff (Corr's 
Merthvr) . 

CftrdifF 




Si-J.IT f. o. h.; 
AustrianGort. 
contract for 
the vear. 

$10.83 stowed; 
German Govt 
contract to 
Apr., 1893. 

$10.00 to $10.50 

$14.00 










Welsh 


10,000 
1,300 


15,000 to 20.000 
1,000 


Mah«, 


Cardiff 


Seychelles Ids. 





Eihibit of coal to be had at the following Pacific Station 



Cape Sabine, 

Alaska. 



Cape losbume, 

Alaska. 



Sept 
1889. 



Sept, 



Port Clarence, July, 

Alaska. 1889. 



Herendeen Bay, 
Alaska. 



Unalaska, Alaska. . 



lUuliuk, 

ITnalaska Id., 
Alaska. 



Dutch Harbor, 
Unalaska Id., 
Alaska. 



Coal Harbor, 
Unga Island, 
Alaska. 



July. 
1890. 



Oct, 
1889. 
Aug., 
1891. 



Sept. 
18»J. 

Sept. 



June, 
1894. 



Sept 



Nov. 
1889. 
Mar. 
1896. 



Semibituminous 
(Native.) 



Lignite, native 
(Good.) 



None. 



Mined as required. 



Mined as required. 



Bituminous ... 

(Native.) 



Bituminous .. 
(Nanaimo.) 

Bituminous .. 



Nanaimo . . . 

Comox 

Wellington . 
Nanaimo . . . 



Comox 

Nanaimo - . . 
Wellington . 



None. 



Mined as required. 



Large 
supply. 



Small, only enough for 
Alaska Commercial 
Co.'s steamers. 
2,500 2,000 



1,000 

1,000 

500 



Bituminous 

(Native; poor.) 



Average 2,000 
tons; 10,000 
tons received 
in 1893. 



3,000 



Supply not to be 
depended upon. 



$16.00 to $20,00. 
About $15.00. 



810.00 tor U.S. 
Navy; $12.50 
for merchant 
vessels. 

Contract price 
$7.65 on board 
of coal ship, 
$8.15 at wharf. 
Steam whal- 
ers pay $10.00 
at the wharf. 

$10.00 for U. S. 
Navy; $H;00 
for merchant 



i mile from 
vein to an- 
chorage. 



1 mile from 
mine to wa- 
ter front, 
then J mile 
to anchoi^ 
age. 



300 yds., for 
vessels coal- 
ing at wharf. 



S50 feet from 
dock. 



500 feet from 
coal pile to 
endolwharf. 



FACILITIES OP THE PORTS OP THE WOELD. 



5S 



ports, together with the usual supply on hand, coM, elt. — Continued. 





Government 




Next coaling 




Manner of coaling, rapid 


coaling 


Coal mining in 


pbrtS en rBiite 




or slow, etc. 


stations in 


vicinity. 


(the tlearest 






vicinity. 




in italics) . 




By lighters of 50 tons ca- 
pacity; 300 tons in 24 
hours; liable to inter- 






Cape Town, 
Simons Town, 


Importation of coal to 






Mauritius iraounts to 






P. Elizabeth, 


about 45,000 tons per 


ruption, December to 






Durban, 


year, of which about 


May. 50 to 80 tons per 






Tamatave, 


38,000 come from Great 


hour. 






Munion, 

Mah6, 

Aden, 

Diego Garcia, 

Colombo, 

Albany. 


Britain. 


By lighters of about 30 
tons capacity; 100 tons 


British, by 








contract. 




Nossl Bt, 




per day; no interruption 






Mauritius, 




as a rule; heavy ground 






Diego Garcia, 




swell at outer anchor- 






Colombo, 




age. 






Aden. 





ports, together with the usual supply on hand, cost, etc. 



Mined by boats' crews 
from large vein on 
beach; ship's boats land 
in surf; slow. 

Mined from cliff by boats' 
crews; mining danger- 
ous; boats land through 
surf; slow; possible only 
in good weather. 



From mine to water front 
by tramway! then by 40- 
ton lighter to ship. 



Alongside wharf, by 
wheelbarrows, rapid; or 
by bags or baskets from 
boats, slow; or alongside 
coal vessels when pres- 
ent, rapid. 



Tram cars and wheelbar- 
row, atwhaif. 



Eapidl3; from coal ships 
alongside by collier's 
tackles. At th^ wharf, 
by barrows, 168 tons in 
10 hours. 



None - 



None . 



None . 



U.S.,atUna- 
la^ka. 



U. S., 1,000 
tons be- 
longing to 
Treasury 
Dept.; for 
revenue 
veissels. 



U. S. Treas- 
ury has no 
longer any 
coal here. 



None . 



Coal veins not 
regularly 
worked. 



Coal veins not 
regularly 
worked". 



None . 



1 mine IJ miles 
from anchor- 
agS, opened in 
spring of 1890; 
capacity, 20 
tons per day; 
to be increased. 

At Herendeen 
Bay; at C!oal 
Harbor, Unga 
Id.iandat Ka- 
chemak Bay, 
Cooks Inlet. 
None of im- 
portance. 



Coal Harbor 
Co.'s mine. 



Una'aska. 



Unalaska. 



Unalaska. 



Unalaska. 



Petropaulov- 

ski, 
Sitka, 
Nanaimo. 



Ikitch Harbor, 

Kodiak, 

Sitka. 



Kodihk, 
Iliuliuk, 
Sitka. 



Iliuliuk, 
Dutch Harbor, 
Kodiak, 
Sitka. 



Mining at one time car- 
ried on by Pacific Whal- 
ing Co.; since aban- 
doiled. 



Coal was formerly obtain- 
able here from coal ves- 
sels sent to supply the 
whaling fleet. 

80 tons of coal from this 
mii)e were used by the 
Fish Commission steam- 
er Albatross, July, 1890, 
and favorably reported 
npdn. 



Of supply op hand, Oct., 
1889, 1,000 tons ;vFere 
owned by U. S. Govt., 
and 700 tons by Alaska 
Commercial Co. In 
Aug., 1891, A. C. Co. had 
two coal vessels in port, 
one in inner harbor and 
one in outer, the latter 
with 2,000 tons on board. 

The Alaska Commercial 
Co.has only enough coal 
at Iliuliuk to supply 
their own steamers. 



The North American 
Commercial Co. has 
built a new wharf. Na- 
naimo coal, when left 
exposed in piles, deteri- 
orates rapidly. 



Coal can be taken direct 
from mine to vessel. 



56 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Exhifnt of coal to be had at the following Padfk 



Name of port. 


Bate. 


Kind of coal 
on hand. 


Tons 

of each at 

date. 


Average 

supply during 

year. 


Cost per ton. 


Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 


Kachemak Bay, 
Cook Inlet, 

Alaska. 


Oct., 
1890. 
May, 
1894. 




None 
















Eodlak, Alaska 


May, 
1894. 


Nanaimo 


800tol,(X)0 


1,000 


813.00 


Ships of light 
draught can 
go alongside 
ofwharinear 
coal pile. 


Sitka, Alaska 


Nov., 
1889. 


Bituminous 

(Wellington.) 


400 




810.00 


100 yds. tor 
vessels coal- 
ing at wharf. 






Skidegate Inlet, 


1891 


Anthracite 










Queen Chtir- 
lotteIds.,B.C. 


(Native.) 












1891 












Vancouver Id., 
B.C. 


(Native.) 












June, 
1891. 


Bituminous 

(Native.) 


Amp 


e supply. 






Vancouver Id., 
B.C. 






Nanalmo, 


May, 
1891. 


Bitiuninous, na- 
tive: 
Nanaimo . . . 
Wellington . 


} Lm 


e supply. 


83.50 to 84.60. 




Departure Bay, 
Vancouver Id., 
B.C. 




Vancouver, and 


Nov., 
1891. 


Bituminous, lig- 
nitic (native). 










Port Moody, B.C. 










Union Wharf 


July, 
1897. 


Bituminous 




300,000 


83.50 alongside. 


500 yds 


(nearComox). 






Victoria, 
and Esquimalt, 
Vancouver Id., 


May, 
1891. 
July, 
1891. 
Jan., 


Nanaimo 

Wellington 

Wellington 


1 Limited s 
J be depe 


apply; not to 
nded upon. 


} 84.00 to 85.50. 

810.00, from 
lighters. 

84.25 

$4.00 to 84.50 




B.C. 


Comox ... . 


Large.... 
Un; 


Large 

imited. 




1895. 
Sept., 








1896. 






Jan., 
1898. 


Cardiff 























FACILITIES OF THE POETS OF THE WORLD. 



57 



ports, together with the usual supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 





Government 




Next coaling 




Manner of coaling, rapid 


coaling 


Coal mining in 


ports en route 


Tit^Tnar^^a 


or slow, etc. 


stations in 
vicinity. 


vicinity. 


(the nearest 
in italics) . 


XvCUlUl JUj. 




None nearer 
than Dna- 


Deposits of can- 
nel coal in 


As for Coal 
Harbor. 


In Aug., 1891, the Alaska 




Coal Co. sent a full com- 




laska. 


vicinity, re- 
ported of ex- 
cellent quality; 
to be worked. 




plement of miners and 
supplies to open up 
their claims. 


Moderately rapid 


None 


None 


Sitka, 

Dutch Harbor, 


Alaska Commercial Co. 












Iliuliuk. 




Alongside wharf or by 


None nearer 


Deposits on Ad- 


Unalaska, 




lighters in harbor; mod- 


than Es- 


miralty Island; 
un worked. 


Comox, 




erately rapid. 


quimau. 


Nanaimo. 






British, at 
Esquimalt. 


Extensive de- 
posits on Gra- 
ham Island ; 


Unalaska, 
SUka, 


The Skidegate mines, 




once toandoned, are 






Comox, 


now reported as being 






mined to a lim- 


Nanaimo. 


worked with great 






ited extent. 




promise. 




British, at 
Esquimalt. 


Extensive de- 
posits; mines 


Sitka, 
Comox, 


The Fort Rupert mines 
were the first mines 








near Port Ru- 


Nanaimo. 


worked on Vancouver 






pert and on 




Island (opened in 1836) . 






Quatseenough 




The Quatseenough 






Sound. 




Sound mines were 
opened in 1885. 




British, at 


Extensive de- 


Sitka, 


Output of Union mine. 




Esquimalt. 


posits;, second 
only to Nanai- 
mo district. 


Nanaimo, 


Comox, during month 
of June, 1891, was 4,500 
tons. 


Alongside wharves, Na- 


British, at 


Extensive; Na- 


Sitka, 


Nanaimo is the port of 
entry for all the col- 


naimo and Departure 


Esquimalt. 


uaimo and Wel- 


Comox, 


Bay; from coal chutes, 




lington col- 


Vancouver, 


lieries. The shipping 


rapid. 




lieries; output 


Victoria. 


wharves of the Wel- 






600,000 tons per 


Seattle, 


lington mines are about 






year. 


Tacoma, 
Astoria, 
Coos Bay 
San Francisco. 


3 miles from Nanaimo, 
on Departure Bay. 
Wellington coal is con- 
sidered the best of the 
district and commands 
a premium in price. 


At wharyes; 23 to 26 ft. 


British, at 


Extensive de- 


Sitka, 


Distance from Vancouver 


alongside at Vancou- 


Esquimalt. 


posits on Era- 


Comox, 


•to Port Moody, 14 miles; 


ver, 26 ft. at Port 




ser Kiver, be- 


Nanaimo, 


both on Canadian Pa- 






ing devel- 


Victoria, 


cific Rwy., Vancouver 






oped; Port 
Moody is 


Vancouver, 


the terminus. 






Fairhaven, 








shipping port 


New What- 








for new an- 


com, 








thracite 


Seattle, 








mines at An- 


Tacoma, 








thracite, Al- 


Astoria, 








berta. 


Coos Bay, 
San Francisco. 




26 ft. at wharves; lighters 


British, at 


Union mines. 


As for Van- 




able. 


Esquimalt. 


distant 11 
miles. 


couver. 




At coal wharves, Vic- 


British, at 


Nanaimo and 


Sitka, 


Canadian Pacific steam- 


toria, for vessels of 


Esquimalt, 


"Wellington 


Comox, 


ers coal here, but their 


light draught; rapid; 


3 miles 


collieries. 


Fairhaven, 


coal is not for sale; 100 


no interruption. For 
larger vessels, by light- 


from Vic- 


about 80 miles 


NaTiaimo, 


or 200 tons may be ob- 


toria; Car- 


distant. 


New What- 


tained at times. Two 


ers; liable to interrup- 


diff coal. 




com, 


private firms deal in 


tion by weather. At 






Vancouver, 


coal, but their supply is 


Bsqulmalt, by large 
lighters from Victoria. 






Seattle, 


uncertain. Steamers do 






Tacoma, 


best by going directly 








Astoria, 


to the mines. 








Coos Bay, 










San Francisco. 




24 ft at (rovt dock 








48 hours' notice neces- 


£/3 XCi €i/V \A\J V !/■ 1,1.V\>JL - - ■ . - b ■ 








sary. ■ 



58 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPArBlNG 

Exluhii of coal to he had at the foUormnp Pacific Station 



Name of port. 


Date. 


Kind of coal 
on hand. 


Tons 

of each at 

date. 


Average 

supply during 

year. 


Cost per ton. 


Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 


Now Whatcom, 

Wash. 


May, 
1894. 
Feb., 
1895. 


Blue Canyon . . . 
(Bituminous.) 


1,400 in 
bunk- 
ers, kept 
replen- 
ished. 


8,600 tons 


$3.50 screened. 


Bunkers 
close to ship 
at wharf: 
ship a n- 
chors 1,000 
yds. from 
wharf. 


Fairhaven.Wash.. 


May, 
1894. 
Feb., 
1895. 


Semibituminous. 


200 


3,000 tons at 
the mine. 


$3.95 alongside. 


1,000 yds 












Port Angeles, 


Jan., 
1895. 


None 


None 








Wash. 












Port Townsend, 
Wash. 


May, 
1894. 


Nanaimo 


50 


150 


$6.50 in barges. 
$8.00 on board. 
$6.50 at wharf. 


Coal pile 100 
yds. from 
end of 
wharf. 




Jan., 
1895. 


None 


None 


None usually 
kept. 


, 












Seattle, Wash 


Nov., 
1895. 


Franklin 

Black Diamond. 


700 
3,000 


100,0* in a 

veax. 
140,000 in a 


$4.75 
$3.75 












Newcastle (lig- 
nite). 
Oilman 


1,000 

1,000 

200 
100 

None 

None 

None 


150,000 in ,1 

year. 
120,000 in a 

year. 


$4.00 

$2.20 

$4.25 
$2.75 






Blue Canyon . . . 

Blue Canyon 

screenings. 

Nanaimo 

Wellington 

Gomox . 








Imported, 
whenever 
ordered,on 
one week's 
notice. 










Taeoma.Wash 


Dec, 
1894. 

Nov., 
1895. 


Wellington 

Comox . . 


150 
150 

100 
100 
100 
100 

100 
100 

100 
100 




► $5.00 to $5.50 I 

$4.50 
$8.00 
$3.00 
$3.00 

$3.00 
$4.50 


From 4 to IJ 
miles. 




Large supply 




Bituminous: 
South Prairie. 

Wilkerson 

Kingly 

Roslyn 

Semibitumi- 
nous: 
Acme 




















Franklin 

Lignite: 

Newcastle 

Oilman 

Roslyn 





























FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OP THE WOSLD. 



59 



portSj together with the USiial supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



Manner of, coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 



Government 

coaling 

stations in 

vicinity. 



Coal mining in 
vicinity. 



Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

in italics) . 



Reinarks. 



Rapid alongside wharf; 
rapid at anchorage in 
harbor by lighters. 



British,- a t 
Esquimau. 



By 2 barges, each with 
500 tons. ' 



British, a t 
Esq'uimalt. 



Rapid alongside wharf 
for largest vessels; slow 
from lighter of 30 tons 
if at anchor. 



British, at 
Esquimau. 



Blue Canyon 
mines are 10 
miles from 
wharf; rail- 
r o a d to 
mines; 400 
tons mined 
daily; bunk- 
ers at mine 
keep 1,100 
tons stowed. 

Skagit Coal 
mintes 20 miles 
from Pair- 
have n; rail- 
r o a d to 
mines; 25B 
tons kept in 
bunkers at 
the mines. 

None. 



None nearer 
than inWhat- 
com County 
and King 
Coiirity. 



Alongside bunkers or by 
lighters; rapid. 



Rapidly if aloiig'Side 
wharf from ttie coal 
bunkers of the N. P. 
R. R. Co., with native 
coals. Foreign coal is 
handled in steam 
schooners; slow. 



Fairhdiieni 
Nanaimo, 
Victoria, 
Vancouver, 
Port Town- 
send, 
Seattle, 
Taeoma. 



New Whatcom, 
Nanaimo, 
Victoria, 
Vancouver, 
Port Tb*ft- 

send, 
Seattle; 
Taeoma. 



Fairhaven, 
Nanaimo, 
Victoria, 
New What- 
com; 
Vancouver, 
Seattle,; 
Tacbma, 
Astoria, 
Coos Bay, 
San Praneiseb, 



British, a t 
Esquimau. 



6 collieries in 
King County; 
output 1,200,- 
000 tons in 
1894. 



British, a t 
Esquimau. 



Carbonado, 
South Prairie, 
Taeoma, and 
Wilkerson 
mines, in 
Pierce Coun- 
ty; total out- 
put (for 1890), 
385(000 tons,of 
which Carbo- 
nado pro- 
duced 295,000 
tons. 



Sitka, 
Comox, 
Faii-haveh, 
Nanaimo, 
Victoria; 
New What- 
com, 
Vancouver, 
Taeoma, 
Olympian 
Astoria, 
Coos Bay, 
San Praneiseb. 



Sitka, 

Comox, 

Pairhaven, 

Nanaimo, 

Victoria, 

New What 

com, 
Vancouver, 
Seattle, 
Olympia, 
Astoria, 
Coos Bay, 
San Francisco. 



Blue iSanyoiiOoal Hiiiing 
Co. Coal is loaded in 
cars at the mines. 
Thesfe oars hold 10 tons 
each; and are run on 
barges and towed along- 
side Ship. Two barges, 
one of 240 tons and one 
6i 70 tons: ii^hte'iilgei 
costs 10 cents per ton 
additional. 

Skagit Coal and Transpor- 
tatioh Co. mines 3,500 
tons a month; 3,000 tons 
are taken by the N. P. 
E. R: Co. eaeh mdiith. 
All coal is washed at 
the mine. 



Manager of Puget Sound 
and Alaska S. S. Co. is 
the duly dealer able to 
supply shipping, and 
can Supply almost any 
amount on reasonable 
notide. 



Coal may be ordered to 
be delivered here at 
pHees from $1.50 to $2.00 
more than for the same 
foreign coals at Seattle. 

Oregon Improvement 
Co., Black Diamond 
Coal Cb., and Seattle 
Coal and Iron Co. are 
the principal dealers 
besides the British 
Columbia and Puget 
Sound Coal Co. 



The British Columbia and 
Puget Sound Coal Co., 
Taeoma Trading Co., 
Oregon Improvement 
Co., and New Wilkerson 
Coal and Coke Co. are 
the dealers. 



Coal ihust be ordered a 
week in advance, as 
only a limited supply 
is kept on hand. 



60 



COALING, DOCKING, AND KEPAIRING 

Exhibit of coed to be had at the following Paafic Station 



Name of port. 



Date. 



Kind of coal 
on band. 



Tons 

ofeachat 

date. 



Average 

supply during 

year. 



Cost per ton. 



Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 



Olympia, Wash . 



Astoria, Oreg. 



Jan., 
1891. 



Portland, Oreg ... 



July, 
1897. 



Coos Bay, Oreg . 



San Francisco, Cal 



Mare Island, Cal... 



July 
1888. 



Jan. 



June, 
1897. 



Bituminous,na- 
tive(Bucoda). 



Australian ... 

(Newcastle, 

N. S. W.) 



Anthracite: 
Welsh.... 
Penn 



4,000 tons im- 
ported, 1890. 



700 
600 



Bituminous: 
Wellington . . . 

Comox 

Australian... 
Cumberland. 



Bituminous: 
Newport... 
Caledonia . 



200 
20O 
500 
300 



1,400 
3,000 
4,000 
2,500 



[ Ample supply. | 



Newport. 



Anthracite: 

Welsh 

Penn 

Bituminous: 

Wellington . . 

Comox 

Nanaimo 

Australian... 

Cardiff 

Scotch 

Cumberland. 

: Tonquln 

Lignite: 

Carboy Hill.. 

Seattle 

Coos Bay 

Mt. Diablo .. 

Cook Inlet 



May, Anthracite . . 

1895. Comox 

Cumberland. 



10,000 
100 

20,000 
10,000 
10,000 
10,000 
2,000 
1,500 
3,000 
None 



5,000 
2,000 



None . . . 



96,000 
2,877 

209,000 

91, 639 

152,141 

246,000 

24,452 

5,361 

13,012 

1,400 

263, 729 

133,395 

62,769 

26,000 

1,400 



10,274 
267 



$6.81, ex ship. 



$12.00 
$14.00 



$7.50 
$6.50 
$4.75 
$14.00 



$3,00 at mine. 



Stowing, per 
ton, 10 cents. 

$3.00, local re- 
tail price. 



$7.00 
$12.00 



$7.00 
$5.50 
$6.00 
$6.00 
$8.75 
$7.00 
$13.00 
$4.00 

$4.00 
$4.50 
$4.00 
$3.00 
$2.00 



$10.00 

$6.60 

$11.00 



^mile . 



to i mile 
from usual 
anchorage. 



50 to 200 yds 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WOELD. 



61 



ports, together with the usual supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 





Government 




Next coaling 




Manner of coaling, rapid 


coaling 


Coal mining in 


ports en route 


Eemarks. 


or slow, etc. 


stations in 


vicinity. 


(the nearest 




vicinity. 




in italics) . 






None near- 


Buooda mines 


TacoTna, 






er than Es- 


Thurston 


Seattle, 






quimalt. 


County, 16 
■ miles distant; 
output 399,000 
tons in 1890. 


Victoria, 
Nanaimo, 
Astoria, 
Coos Bay, 
San Francisco. 




Vessels of 22 ft. draught 
can lie at wharves at 


None 


None 


Nanaimo, 
Victoria, 


Improvements at mouth 
01 Columbia River have 




L.W. 






Seattle, 
Taeoma, 
Portland, 
Coos Bay, 
San Francisco. 


increased depth of 
channel to 26 ft. A 
further increase of 4 
feet is expected when 
work is completed. 


Alongside of the bunk- 


None 


Nehalen coal 


Fairhaven, 


Dealers are Oregon Im- 






tract, Colum- 


Nanaimo, 


provement Co., George 


also coal from large 




bia County, 


Victoria, 


Clark & Co., and Port- 


flat-top lighters along- 




about 25 miles 


New What- 


land Gas Co. 


side. 




distant. 


com, 
Vancouver, 
Seattle, 
Taeoma, 
Astoria, 
Coos Bay, 
San Francisco. 




Comparatively rapid 








The river steamers use 










wood for fuel. 


Alongside coal bunkers 


None 


Newport mine, 


Fairhaven, 


Total coal production tor 


at Empire City and 




Oregon Coal 


Nanaimo. 


State of Oregon, 75,000 


Marshfield; rapid. Ves- 




and Naviga- 


Victoria, 


tons, 1890. 


sels exceeding 14 ft. 




tion Co.; out- 


NewWhatcom, 




draught can not cross 




put, 61,500 


Vancouver, 




Coos Bay bar. Im- 




tons, 1890. 


Seattle, 




provements in progress 




Caledonia 


Taeoma, 




(18 ft. water over bar. 




mine, small- 


Astoria, 




1892). 




er; shutdown, 
1889. 


Portland, 
San Francisco. 




At wharves or by light- 


U. S., at 


Mt. Diablo lig- 


Nanaimo, 


The supply of coal at San 


ers; men-of-warusually 


Mare Is- 


nite coal 


Victoria, 


Francisco is very regu- 


coal at anchorage from 


land. 


mines, 40 


Vancouver, 


lar; the daily con- 


large lighters with bas- 




■ miles by rail 


NewWhatcom, 


sumption is 4,000 tons. 


kets; only liable to 




from Oak- 


Fairhaven, 


Importation of British 
coal is regulated by the 


temporary interrup- 




land; output 


Seattle, 


tion by high winds; 




in 1894 was 


Taeoma, 


grain crop; the change 


rapid. 




32,500 tons. 


Astoria, 


in the tariil has influ- 






San Francisco 


Portland, 


enced the supply. In 






and San Joa- 


Coos Bay, 


May, 1895, there were 






quin coal 


PortLosAngeks, 


96,500 tons of Swansea 






mines, 18i 


San Pedro, ^ 


coal billed for San 






miles from 


San Diego, 


Francisco. A limited 






Oakland by 


Pichilinque, 


amount of patent fuel 
is shipped here from 






railtoSanJoa- 


Mazatlan, 






quin mines. 


Acapulco, 


Belgium annually. 






20,000,000 t»ns 


Panama, 


Coos Bay coal is used 






of lignite coal 


Honolulu. 


for domestic purposes 






in sight ; can 
be delivered 




only. The Carboy Hill 








is an excellent steaming 






in San Fran- 




coal, but it is not in the 






cisco at $2.00 




market; it is the prop- 






per ton. 




erty of the S. P. R. R. 
Co., both in San Fran- 
cisco and Port Los An- 
geles. It could be had 
by shipload by special 
contract. 


At wharf by wheelbar- 


At the navy- 


As for SanFran- 


As for San 


All coal at the navy-yard 


rows. No lighters at 
the navy-yard for coal- 


yard. 


oisco. 


Francisco. 


belongs to the Govern- 








ment. Prices quoted 


ing in the stream. 








are cost laid down in 
the yard. 



62 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Exkibil of coal to be had at thefollmmng Pacific Station 



Name of port 



Date. 



Kind of coal 
on hand. 



I Tons 
of each at 
I date. 



Average j 
supply daring Cost per ton. 
year. 



Distance 

from cotil pile 

to ship. 



Santa Cruz, Cal 

Monterey, Cal 



Santa Bar))ara,Cal. 



Port Los Angeles, 
Cal. 



San Pedro, Cal. 



San Diego, Cal. 



La Paz, and 
Pichilinque Bay, 
Mexico. 



Ouaymas, Mexico . 



June, 
1896. 



Oct., 

18%. 



Jan., 
1896. 



May, 
1895. 



May, 
1895. 

Apr., 
18%. 



Mav, 
1895. 



Feb., 
1895. 
Apr., 
1897. 



Sept. 
18%. 



Altata, Mexico . 



Oct., 
1895. 



Sept., 
1890, 



Feb., 
1897. 



None . . 
Welsh . 



None . 



Welsh 

(Anthracite.) 
Austrelian and 

Wellington. 



Comox ... 
Nanaimo . 



Nanaimo. 
Comox ... 



100 to 200 



$7.00toS10.00 



5,329 
124,000 



English. 



Wellington. 



Australian 

British Colum- 
bian. 

Cardiff 

Colorado 



None . 



1,000 



None . . . 



Same as in San -\t bunkers, 
Francisco. near. 



! 

!■ 150,633| 



150, 
1,000 



12.211 



Ample. 



Bituminous ... 
(Blpssburg, 

N.Mex.) 



Bituminous 



Nov., None . 
1883. 



None . 



Small 
supply 
belong- 
ing to 
Sonora 
R.E.CO. 



None . 



About 1,000 
tons at Pi- 
chil i nque 
Bay, be- 
longing to 
U.S. Govt.; 
supply not 
to oe de- 
pend ed 
upon. 



Higher than 
in San Fran- 
cisco. 
S7.75 alongside, 
$7.00 at wharf. 



S*ime as in San 
Francisco. 



$8.00 
$7.50 



S8.50 
$8.50 



Aboutlmlle. 



50 to 100 yds . 



About 300 
ft, at Pi- 
chilinque 
Bay eqal- 
ing station. 



1,500 tons 
imported 
per year bv 
Sonora R, 
R. Co. for 
own use. 



$14.00 l\i $15.00 



$11.20 



2 miles for 
vessels of 20 
ft. draught. 



FACILITIES OF THE P0KT8 OF THE WOBLD. 
ports, together with the iisual supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



63 



• 


Government 




Next coaling 




Manner ol coaling, rapid 


coaling 


Coal mining in 


ports §n route 


R fimo tI^r 


or slow, etc. 


stations in 
vicinity. 


vicinity; 


(the nearest 
in italics) . 


l).LLU.tlL 0.0. 


No facilities 






As for San 
Francisco. 












No facilities 










No facilities 










At pier from bunkers; 40 
ft. of water. 






As for San 


Supply of coal at Port Los 
Angeles, San Pedro, 
and San Diego is herein 






Francisco. 


















given as the total ag- 
gregate quantity at ftll 


















three ports. 


By lighters; liable to in- 
terruption by SE. gales 


None 


None 




18 ft. at wharf. 










or heavy swell. 










By lighters day ^nd 
night; no interruption. 


^Qne 


None 


San Francisco, 








San Diego, 










Acapulco 










Panama. ' 




Rapidly by lighters 


None 


None 


San Pedro, 


Spreckels Bros. Commer- 
cial Co. 






and as for 








San Pedro. 




At Kchilinque Bay, by 
lighters of 10 to 18 tons 


U.S., on San 


None 


San Frar Cisco, 


The U. S. station at Pichi- 


Juan Ne- 




San Pedro, 


linque Bay is not re- 


capacity, hired frota 


pomuce- 




San Diego, 


plenished with suffi- 


La Paz at SIO to $15 per 


no, Pichi- 




Mazatlan, 


cient regularity to ena- 


day; by shin's crew, or 
by laborers from LaPaz 


1 i n que 




Acapulco, 


ble vessels to depend 


Bay, 7 




Panama. 


upon obtaining a sup- 
ply, except when in pos- 


at 81 per day each, de- 


miles 






livering alongside; 5 to 


from li a 






session of direct infor- 


8 tons per hour; no in- 


Paz ; sup- 






mation. 


terruption. 


ply ex- 
hausted, 


















Oct , 1891. 










Mex.Govt. 










usually 










has about 










150 tons 










opposite 










La Paz. 






No Government coal. 


By lighters; moderately 


None 


Anthracite, at 


Pichilinque 


Extensive deposits of an- 


rapid; no interruption. 




Los Bronces 


Mazatlan, 


thracite of gpod quality 
are reported in district 
extending from San 


Or from railway pier. 




and La Bar- 


Acapulco. 






ranca, 120 








miles distant. 




Marcial eastward to 






on Yaqui 




Yaqui River; bonces- 






River; small 




sions havelieen granted 






output; no 




for mining at San Mar- 


* 




rail connec- 




cial and Ortiz, distant 






tion. 




60 to 70 miles. 
3 flays' notice necessary. 




U.S., at Kchi- 
linque Bay, 


None 


Mamtlav, 
Acapulco. 












150 miles 










distant. 









64 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Ei:hibit of coal to be had at the following Pacific StcUion 



Xame of port. 


Date 


Kind of coal 
on hand. 


Tons Average 
of each at , supply during 
date. ■ year. 


Cost per ton. 


Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 


Mazatlan, Mexico 


Apr. 
1S92. 
Oct., 
1S92. 
Apr., 
1895. 

June 
1896. 
Jan., 
1897, 

June, 
1896. 

June, 
1896. 

July, 
1894. 
Feb., 
1895. 

1895.' 
Jan., 
1897. 
Jan., 
1898. 

Dec, 
1898. 

Aug., 
1899. 

Oct,. 
1897. 

Oct., 
1897. 

Oct., 
1897. 

June, 
1894. 

Apr., 
1897. 

Jan., 

1886. 

Sept., 
1896. 

Apr., 
1898. 

Feb., 
1891. 
Apr., 
1898. 

Oct., 
1883. 

1896 


Cardiff 


200 
500 
250 

1,400 




S19.00 alongside 
$18.75 alongside 
$19.00 alongside 

$12.00 alongside 
$12.50 


U miles to 
usual an- 
chorage. 




Australian 

Cardiff . .. 






Constantly 
arriving. 




Australian 










(English.) 


200 






Cumberland 

Australia 


} 3« 
None 

Small. . 


to 400 $12.00 


Manzanlllo, 


English 

Cardiff (Albion 
Merthyr). 

New River, Vir- 
ginia. 

Welsh 




$U.0O on board. 

S21..50 or $21.75 
stowed. 

S21.50 


imile 

300 yds 


Mexico. 














800 
10,000 
2,000 

2,500 










Pacific Mail.... 
Cardiff 


Supply varies. 


$21.50 on board. 
$18.00 alongside. 

$18.00 on hoard. 
$18.00 

$18.00,alongsldc. 




Cardiff 






Cardiff 






Welsh 


5,000 






Port Ocos, 






j 


Guatemala. 
Port Champerico, 




None 

None 

None 

None 

None 

None 

None 

100 
SOO 

200 
(Belongi 






1 


Guatemala. 
San Jose, 


None 


None . 






Guatemala. 
Acajutla, 


None 








San Salvador. 
La Libertad, 


None 1 








San Salvador. 
La Union, 


None for sale. . . 
None 








San Salvador. 
Amapala, 


None 






Honduras. 
San Juan del Sur, 


None 








Niosiragua. 
Corin to, Nicaragua. 


Bituminous 

^Po^rquality.) 


No regular 
supply. 


Jie.OOWongside. 
J18.00 alongside. 


About imile. 

Govt, pile, 
about j 
mile. 


Punta Arenas, 


None except 
Governm e n t 
supply. 


600 
ng to Govt.) 


Costa Kica. 














FAOIIil'ErES OF THE PORTS OS TH1EJ "W.OBLD. 



65 



ports; together vxth the usmoI supply on handy cost, e/c. — Continued. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 


Government 

coaling 

stations In 

vicinity. 


Coal mining in 
vicinity. 


Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

in UaUc8). 


Bemarks. 


By lighters of 25 to 30 
tons capacity, towed 
out by a steam launch; 
coal bagged and 
weighed on shore; 
slow; liable to inter- 
ruption, July to Nov.. 

Half of the coal was in 
bags. 


Mexican 
Govt.,about 
. 600 tons, 
1887. 

! 


None 


: mill 


Notito be depended upon 
as a coaling port for 
any considerable sup- 
ply. 

Pablo Hidalgo and Gar&- 




None 




Dfanatlan; 
Acapulco. 

Mazatlan, 
Acapulco. 

San Francisco, 
San Pedro, 
San DiegPr 
Mazatlan, 
. Panama. 


aga'jHanos y Cia., deal- 

tBB; 








Slow; lighters > towed off 
by ship's boats. 

Coal in bags, ready to be 
put in lighters and 
towed to ship;, coaling 
rapid: no interruption. 

i 


English con- 
tract for 1 
years- from. 
1899, at least 
600 tons to 
be kept on 
hand, to be 

! delivered 
alongside 
at»21.90per 

i ton. 




Hermanos & Co. keep 
their, coal under cover 
and have contract to 
supply British navy. 
The Nanalmo coal is 
dangerous; it has been 
on fire twice from spon- 
taneous combustion. 
The coal owned by Pa- 
cific Mail S. S. Co. is kept 
exposed. 












from the local dealers, 
the Pacific Mail Co. will 
furnish it at $12.00 per 
ton. If necessary, teler 
graph Alexander Cen- 
ter, general agent, San 
Erancisco. 
Pacific Mail Co has 15 000 










tons. 










pensive. 
Hard to obtain and ex- 




None 

None 

None 

None 

None 


None - 


Acapulco, 
Panama. 

Acapulco, 
Panama. 

Acapulco, 
Panama, 

Acapulco, 
Panama. 

Acapulco, 
Panama: 


pensive. 


1 








None 


Must be ordered from 




None 


Panama. 




None 










By lighters; rapid; no 
interruption. 


None 




Acapulco, 
. Panama. 

AcapulCQj 
Panama. 




None ... 




i 









12477- 



66 



00ALLN6, DOCKING, AND BEPArEINa 

EMMt of coed to be had at iliefoUmoing Padfic Station 



Name of port. 



Date. 



Kind of coal 
on hand. 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



Average 
supply during Cost per ton. 
year. 



Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 



Panama . Colombia, 



Buenaventura. 

Colombia. 



Guayaquil, 

Ecuador, 



Mar., 

1895. 
Mav, 
1S95. 



Sept. 
1895, 
Aug, 
1896. 



Mar. 
1895. 



July. 
1895. 
Oct., 
1895. 



Cumberland. 
Pocahontas.. 



Large. 



Cumberland . 

Australian... 
English 



United States. . . 
None 



Plentiful. 



S12.00 

Contract price 
not known; 
53c. per ton 
additional 
for stowing 
onboard. 



$18.00 to $20,00 



2.5 miles. 



None, 



Australian. 



1,000 



Tumbez, Peru . 
Payta, Peru . . . 



Lobos Islands, 

Peru. 

Eteu, Peru 



Sept., 
1886. 

Sept., 
1896. 



Sept., 
1886. 

Sept., 
1886. 



Coke 

Newcastle , 

(Wales). 
Briquettes , 

(Patent fuel.) 
Bituminous: 

Newcastle . . . , 



None . 
None . 



None . 
None . 



2,000 

In a tramp 
steamer. 

2,000 

None — 
None 

None 

None . 



Pacasmayo, Peru.. Oct. 
1884. 



Salaverry, Peru .. 
Chimbote, Peru . . 
Callao, Peru 



None - 



Sept. 
1886. 



1885 



Dec, 
1892. 



Aug., 



June, 
1894. 
June, 
1895. 
Dec, 
1896. 
June, 
1899. 



None . 



Cardiff 

Australian 
Chilean 



Cardiff and Aus- 
tralian. 

Cardiff (Albion 

Merthyr) . 
Cardiff 



Cardiff . 
Cardiff . 



None 



a, 000 
1,500 
1,800 



10,000 

2,000 
5,000 



None . 



Constant re- 
ceipts. 



S8.00 
$10.00 

$11.20 alongside. 
$10.75 alongside. 



I mile. 



None . 

None . 



None . 
None . 



None . 



None . 



5,000 
2,000 
1,500 



2,000a month 
3,600 



$15.00 to $16.00 
$12.00 
$10.00 



Coal in hulks, 
about t 
mile dis- 
tant. 



$16.00 alongside. 

$15.22 
$15.60 
$11.75 
$12.50 alongside. 



FACILITIES OF THE POETS OF THE "WORLD. 



67 



ports, together with the usual supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 


Government 

coaling 

stations in 

vicinity. 


Coal mining in 
vicinity. 


Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

in itcdics) . 


Remarks. 


By iron lighters of 85 to 
135 tons capacity, as 
rapidly as coal can be 
stowed; or from col- 
liers alongside; ves- 
sels of 20 ft. draught 
can coal at Perico Is- 
land. Occasional de- 
lays in obtaining light- 
ers; liable to interrup- 
tion by weather. 


British," by 
contract 
with P. S. 
N.Co. 


None - 


San Francisco, 

San Pedro, 

San Diego, 

Pichilinque, 

Mazatlan, 

Acapulco, 

CaUao, 

Iquique, 

Coquimbo, 

Valparaiso. 


Pacific Mail S. S. Co. and 




Panama R. R. Co.; tha 
latter own all the light- 
ers and have monopoly 
of the coal. 





None 


Large coal fields 
80 miles in the 
Cauca Valley. 


Panama. 
Callao. 


R. R. building to coal 
mines. The coal is said 
to be excellent, and this 
will then become a good 
coaling port. 


By lighters; moderately 
rapid. 


None 

None 


None 


Panama, 
CaUao. 

Panama, 
CaUao. 


The gas company will 
only sell their coke. 
The Government has 
800 tons usually on 
hand; but at date 2,000 
tons were on hand, and 
would sell some. It is 
not advisable to buy 
this coal, as yellow 
fever is endemic, and 
this coal has been there 
one year. Tramp 
steamers often sell coal. 


None 








Formerly from hulk by 
lighters or by going 
alongside; supply no 
longer maintained. 


None 




Panama, 
CaOao. 


Cardiff coal supplied by 
W. R. Grace & Co., Cal- 
lao, at $19.00 per ton. 






None 




Panama, 
Callao. 












None 


Deposits about 
125 miles in- 
1 and ; not 
worked. 


Panama, 
CaUao. 










None 


Deposits about 
125 miles in- 
1 an d ; no t 
worked. 


Panama, 
Callao. 


Fuel used on railway is a 
hard wood (Algorroba) 
from the interior, sold 
at about $5 per ton. 






None 


D e p s i 1 8 in- 
1 and ; not 
worked. 


Panama, 
CaUao. 










None 


Deposits in- 
land; not 
worked. 


Panama, 
Callao. 


A depot maintained by 




R. R. Co. for supply of 
locomotives. 


By lighters; rapid 


British, by 
contract. 


None ... 


Panama, 

Pisagua, 

Iquique, 

Caldera, 

Coquimbo, 

Valparaiso, 

Talcahuano, 

Lota. 


Coal supply waning on 




account of dull trade. 
English Government 
has contract with P. S. 
N. Co. for 1,500 tons a 
year at $14.11 per ton. 

Grace & Co., T. G. Shate 


Slow; with small light- 
ers of 20 to 40 tons. 








& Co., and P. S. N. Co. 
keep coal. 
Duncan, Fox & Co. will 








furnish Scotch coal at 
89.73 per ton, and E. 
Haines & Co. Australian 
coal at $7.78. Both of 
these are Lima firms 
(Dec, 1895). 



68 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIKING 

Exiiibit of coal to h- Itad at the folloiring Pacific Station 



Name of port. 



Date. 



Kind of coal 
on haud. 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



Average 

supply during 

year. 



Distance 
Cost per ton. fiom coiil pile 
to sliip. 



Mollcndo, Peru . 



1891 



Iquitos, Peru . 



Ariea, Chile . 



Pisagua, Chile. 



Iquique, Chile. 



Tocopilla, Chile . 



Antofagasta, 



Chile. 



Taltal, Chile. 



CaldeiH, Chile. 



Carrizal Bajo, 



Chile. 



Huasco, Chile 

Goquimbo, Chile . . 



Apr., 
1899. 



Nov., 

ISSi. 



Nov. 
1890. 



Feb., 
1896. 
Sept. 
1896. 



Deo. 
1886. 



Jan., 
1887. 

Dec., 

1896. 



Deo., 
1886. 



Mar,, 
1887. 



Jan., 
1887. 



Dec, 
1886. 



None . 



None . 



No regular sup- A supply maintained by 
ply for ves- the H. E. Co. for their 
sels. locomotives. 



Newcastle . 



■!l 



Lancashire J 



West Hartley. . 

Australian 

Cardiff pat fuel 

Lancashire 

Chilean 

Cardiff 

West Hartley- . 
West Hartley.. 

Cardiff. 

Australian 



None - 



Chilean. 



English 

Austrtilian. 
Chilean ... 



None . 



Bituminous: 

English 

Chilean 



Australian. 
Chilean 



None . 



1 Mi\r. 
i ISWi, 



July, Cardiff. 
1891. West Hartley. 
Australian 



Alistraliiiu, 



100,0001 
27,000 
17,000 
12,000 






$8.50 : lighter- 
i\ge. per ton, 
from coal ship, 
3 e . ; from 
shore, $1.00. 



SlO.2-2 at pile. 
fS.TO lit pile. 



Plentiful. 



810.25 
$7.50 alongside. 

86.00 



Storehouses 
near beach; 
coal readi- 
ly shipped 
from mole. 



None . 



Small 
supply. 



None . . . 



None . 



■1,000 
2,500 



Supply not to 
be depend- 
ed upon. 



About 20, 000 
tons rec'd, 
per year. 

26,000 to 35,000 



Small supply 
usually ob- 
tainable. 



$9.50 



Small supplv. 
2,000 



i mile . 



1,400 



Uncertain 



in.. I 



None . 



1 5,000 to 8,000 J 

(Exclusive 

of British 

Govti supply.) 



S6.1H) to $5.26; 
lighterage, 
per ton, 50o. 

P7.00 



$10.95 alongside 



About i mile. 



$12,000 



FACiEDITIES OF THE POETS OE' THE WORLD. 



69 



ports, together with the mmcd supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or-slow, etc. 



Government 

coaling 

stations in 

vicinity. 



Coal mining in 
vicinity. 



Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

in italics) . 



Remarks. 



By lighters when coal is 
obtainable; bad place 
to lie; rocky bottom 
and strong currents; 
liable to lose anchors. 



By lighters when coal is 
obtainable; vessels roll 
considerably to swell. 

By lighters, from newly 
arrived coal vessels, or 
from shore; no inter- 
ruption. 



By lighters of about 20 
tons capacity; rapid; 
liable to interruption 
by heavy surf. 



By lighters'when coal is 
obtainable; vessels roll 
considerably to swell. 



By lighters; bad place to 
coal; considcTable 
swell; uneven and 
rocky bottom; vessels 
lialble'to'lose anchors. 



By launches of 20 to 35 
tons -capacity, when 
coal is obtainable; no 
interruption. 



By lighters of about 20 
tons capacity; rapid; 
no interruption; or at 
whaTf' for vessels of 20 
ft. draught. 

By lighters of 20 to 30 
tons capacity. 



By lighters; about 250 
tons per day can be 
loaded into lighters: 
notice should be given 
beforehand toavoid de- 
lay; ship's crew coal 
ship; no interruption. 



None . 



None . 



None . 



None . 



None . 



None . 



None - 



None . 



None . 



None . 



British, at 
Coquimbo. 



British, at 
Coquimbo. 

British ; 
4,000 to 
5,000 tons 
Cardiff, 
stored in 
ya r d of 
Rwy. Co. 



None- 



None. . 



Gallao, 

Pisagua, 

Iquique. 



Callao, 

IHsagim, 

Iquique. 

Callao, 

Iquique, 

Caldera, 

Coquimbo, 

Valparaiso, 

Lota. 

Gallao, 



Caldera, 

Coquimbo, 

Valparaiso, 

Talcahuano, 

Lota. 



Iquique, 

ATiiofagasta, 

Caldera. 



Iquique, 
(Mldera, 



Iquique, 

Antofagasta, 

Calddra. 



Callao, 
Iquique, 
Carrizal Sajo, 
Coquimbo, 
Valparaiso. 

Iquique, 
Ant(»agasta, 
Caldera, 
Coquimbo. 



Caldera, 
Coquimbo. 

Callao, 

Iquique, 

Caldera, 

Tongoy, 

Valparaiso, 

Talcahuano, 

Lota, 

Sandy Point. 



Petroleum refuse fllel, 
supplied by London & 
Pacific Petroleum Co. 
from their works at 
Talara, northern Peru, 
has been adopted on 
locomotives of the Mo- 
llendo, Areqnipa and 
Pimo R. R. 

The Amazon River steam- 
ers burn wood; $9.60 per 
1,000 sticks. 

Though not a regular 
coaling port, coal can 
usually be purchased. 

Total receipts of coal at 
Pisagua for the year 
1886, 17,500 tons, all 
from Great Britain. 



A great part of the Imr 
portation of coal at 
Iquique is for the ni- 
trate works of the dis- 
trict. The patent fuel 
imported is for use on 
the railways. 



Coal receipts per year, 
about 10,500 tons, chief- 
ly from Great Britain; 
1,500 tons from Chil- 
ean mines. 

ilna^dition to Chilean coal 
receivedat Antofagasta, 
about 1,500 tons are im- 
ported per year from 
Great Britain. 



Coal receipts per year, 
•aSbont 17,000 tons; 14,000 
from Great Britain and 
3,000 from Chilean 
mines; chiefly for use 
of railway, copper and 
silver mines and ni- 
trate works. 

Coal receipts per year: 
From Chilean mines, 
about 30,000 tons; from 
Great Britain, about 
5,000 tons. 

Coal usually obtainable 
Iroin R. R. Co. Total 
receipts per year at port 
amount to 15,000 tons, 
of which 9,000 come 
from Chilean mines. 



Greater part of coal sup- 
ply is stored -at Guay- 
acan, IJ miles south of 
city. Total consump- 
tion per year, about 
35,000 tons (1889), of 
which about 10,000 la 
from Chilean mines. 



70 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Exhibit of coal to he had at the folloiring Prwifir. fftaJion 



Name of port. 



Date, 



Kind of coal 
OQ hand. 



Tons 

of each at 

date 



Average 

supply during 

year. 



Cost per ton. 



Distance 

froir coal pile 

to ship. 



Tongoy. Chile. 



Valparaiso. Chile. 



July, 
1891. 



Oct 
1890: 



Dec. 

1892, 



Mar., 
1896. 
July, 
1896. 



I 



Talcahuano. Chile. 



Coronel and Lota, 
Chile. 



Lota, Chile . 



Mar. 
18S7. 



Apr., 
1896. 
July, 



Oct., 
1890. 



Nov. 
1891. 



Lebu, Chile. 



Corral and 
Valdivia, 

Chile. 



Port Yanez, Chile. 



Dec., 

1892. 



Oct., 
1890. 



1886 



Dec, 
1892. 



Bituminous: 
Great Britain 



Australia - 
Chile 



Cardifl 

Duckenfield . . 

(Australian.) 

West Hartley. 

Lota (Chilean. 

Huena Kdeu. 

(Chilean.) 

Wallsen 



1,400 

1,800 
[Not kept 
on hand; 
supplied 
'when or- 
dered. 

3,000 



About 5,000 
tons rec'd- 
per year. 

About 150,000 
tons rec'd 
per vear. 
1,500 

1,500 

1,500 

Constant ar- 
rivals. 

3.000 



Cardiff 

Australian. 

Cardiff 

Native 



Chilean (Lota).. 



Newcastle . 
Welsh 



Small supply on hand; 
large quantities ob- 
tainable from Coro- 
nel and Lota at 2 days' 
notice. 



Bituminous: 

Lota 

Coronel 

Lota 



16,000 
(Govt.) 



Large supply directly / 
from mines. \ 



Lota (Chilean) . 



Bitiuninous ... 



Chilean. 



Huena Kden... 
(Chilean.) 



Large... 



$7.79, cost to 
importer. 

S2.25 to «8.00 
ex ship. 

810.95 to 812.17 

84.86 to 87.30 

86.10 



86.81 to 87.30 
$11.25 alongside. 

$6.00 to $7.00 



36.10 



$8.15 



Large. 



Ample supplj- directly 
from mines. 



Small 
supply. 



Large... 



Not to be de- 
pended upon. 



Large. 



S9.90 on board. 



86.00 f.o.b. 
$5.00f.o.b. 
$5.00 f.o.b. 



$4.00 f . o. b. 



About ^ mile 
for large 



i mile to coal 
hulks. 



About 1 mile 



From mines 
by rail to 
pier at Lota, 
i to i mile; 
pier to ship, 
imile. 



FACILITIES OF THE POETS OF THE WORLD. 



71 



ports, together ii/ith the usual supply on hand, cost, etc. — Contimied. 





Government 




Next coaling 




Manner of coaling, rapid 


coaling 


Coal mining in 


ports en route 


Remarks 


or slow, etc. 


stations in 
vicinity. 


vicinity. 


(the nearest 
mitalica). 


XVl^Ll^CbL ^O. 


Light-draught vessels 
can go alongside coal 
staithes at wharf; 30 


British, at 




See Coquimbo. 




Cpquimbo. 
















tons per hour. 










From hulks J)y lighters 


Noiie 


None \. 


Callao, 


Storage capacity of coal 
hulks at Valparaiso is 


of about 40'tons capac- 






Iquique, 


ity, or from newly ar- 






Caldera, 


about 2,000 tons. 


rived coal ships; about 






Coquimbo, 




200 tons per day; lia- 






Tongoy, 




ble to interruption by 






Talcahuano, 




northers, May to Sep- 






Lota, 




tember; rapid. 






Sandy Point. 


Wallsen coal is not usual! y 




.......... 






kept in stock for sale. 










but is owned in greater 










or less amounts by tugs 










audi steamship compa- 
nies, and may be bought 


















of them when required. 










Lota coal from mines 










near Lota, about 250 










miles south, is soft. 










dirty, and far from 










being an economical 










stesiming coal. Huena 










Pidfen coal is said to be 
eqiial to Lota coal. 
The Chilean coals are 
mufch lower in price 


































than the imported 
coa s. W. R. Grace & 


















Co.. have at all times 










abdat 5,000 tons Cardiff 










coal on hand. 


By 25-ton lighters or 


None 


Extensive ; 


Callao, 


Total output of Chilean 


from coal vessels along- 




chiefly at Cor- 


Iquique, 


mines situated in vi- 


side; slow; liable to 




onel and Lota, 


Caldera, 


cinity of Arauco Bay, 


interruption by wind. 




about 30 miles 


Coquimbo, 
Valparaiso, 


about 600,000 tons per 


' June to August. 




distant; near- 


yea*- (1890). Notice 






est at Penco, 


Lota, 


mu^t be given to mine 






on smaller 


Sandy Point. 


owners 4 days in ad- 






scale. 




vance. Not good for 
steaming purposes. 


Best facilities at Lota; 


None 


Very extensive. 


Callao, 


Coronel is port of entry 
for both places, the dis- 


vessels not exceeding 
21 ft. draught can coal 




See Remarks, 


Iquique, 




T?,lcahuano. 


Caldera, 


tance between which is 


alongside pier at rate 






Coquimbo, 
Valparaiso, 


abdut 3 miles. Coal 


of about 600 tons per 






freights to Valparaiso, 


day; larger vessels by 






Talcahuano, 


81.25 to $2.00 per ton; 


lighters, 16 tons per 






Lebu, 


to Antofagasta, $1.50 to 
82.25; Iquique, S1.75 to 


hour; liable to inter- 






Sandy Point. 


ruption by SW. winds 








82.50; Piaagua, $2.00 to 


or by swell. 








82.75. Chilean coal is of 
godd evaporative pow- 
er, but produces dense 


















smoke; boiler tubes soon 










become choked by soot. 






At Lota; 800 tons 










mined daily. 






By lighters; liable to in- 


Ndne 


60,000 tons year- 


See Coronel 


Coal freights to coast 


terruption by northers 


! 


ly output. 


and Lota. 


ports, as for Coronel 


and by strong westerly 
winds. 








and Lota. 




None 


Lota, Coronel, 
and Lebu. 


Lota, 
Sandy Point. 












Mines 28 miles 
from Port 


Lota, 
Corral. 


This is a new shipping 






port in the coal district 






Yanez. 


Sandy Point. 


of Chile, The mines are 










being developed rapidly. 



72 



COALING, DOOKINe, AKD REPATKING 

Exhibil of coal to be had at thefoUowing Pacific Slatiion 



Name-of port. 



Date. 



Slndof eoal 
on hand. 



Tons 

of eaeh at 

date. 



Average 

supply during 

year. 



Cost'per'ton. 



Distance 

from coal pile 

■to-Ship. 



Sandy Point, Chile. 



May, 
1888. 



Cardiff , 



Honolulu, Hatmii 



Kahulul, 

Maui Island, 

Hawaii. 



Aug., 
1894, 



Mar, 
1«M. 



May, 
1895. 



iDec., 
1897. 
',MiBe, 
.1898. 
Jan., 



Sept. 
1«96. 



Hilo, Hawaii, 
Sandwii^ Ids. 



Papeete, Tahiti, 
Society Ids. 



Pago Pago, 
Tutuila, 
.Stansaida. 



feh., 



Oct., 
1888. 



Jan., 
1890. 



Anthracite .... 
(U.S. Govt) 

British Colum- 
bia. 

Australian. 

Comox 

CU.S.Govt) 

Wellington 

(U.S. Govt) 

Westminster. . .1 



Newcastle 

Departure Bay , 

Australian 

Wellington 



Wellington . 

(Govt.) 
Wellmgtan. 



Comox .. 

(Govt) 
FoofihQntas.. 



Cumberla^td.. 
. (Govt.) 



Comox 

Wellington. 



Anthracite 

(U.S. Govt) 



500 



1,000 



«7.031»«18.a5 



Goal stored 
in hulk. 



Anthracite , 
Bituminous 

Newcastle., 
Australian., 



1,200 
500 



10,000 
1,100 



4,724 

2,14S 

10.808 



250 
-1,300 



$16.82alongside; 



Coal hulk 
closeto an- 
chorage. 



6, 

1,000 

1,000 

2,000 

2,000 

2,000 

2,000 

5,000 



Uncertain . . . 



$10.00 

$8.00 
$6.65 at coal 

pile. 
$7.65 at coal 

pile. 
$8.25 at coal 

pile. 
$6.50 at coal 

pile. 
$7.50 at coal 

pile. 
$6.50 at coal 

pile. 
$9.50 at coal 

pile. 
$7.98 at coal 

pile. 

$11.75 

$10.65 at coal 

pilB. 
$9.65 at coal 

pile. 
$9.65 at coal 

pile. 

$10.50 alongside. 



\ Small supply. | 
\ 500to2,500/ 



1,68S 



$16.00 alongside. 
$10.00 alongside. 



Honolulu prices. 



$17.50 to $19.50, 
cost to Govt; 
loading light- 
ers, at $1.00 
per day to na- 
tive laborers, 
75c. per ton. 



Coal piles on 
wharves 400 
yds. from 
ship. Coal 
often in col- 
liers. 



750 yds. from 
wharf to 
the ahlp. 



About } mile. 



300 to 400 
yds. 



FACIMTIES OF THE POETS OF THE "WORLD. 



73 



'porta, togetlier vrUhilie usmil supply on liand, cost, etc. — Continued. 





Government 




Next coaling 




Manner of coaling, rapid 


coaling 


Coal mining in 


ports en route 


TtPTnfl rka 


or slow, etc. 


stations in 
vicinity. 


vicinity. 


(the nearest 
initaUeg). 




Alongside hulk or <by 


None 


Mines 6 miles 


Iquique, 


Capacity of hulk is 1,200 


lighters, preferably 




distant, aban- 


Coqmmbo, 


tons; the supply is 


the former, except 




doned 1888, 
on account of 


Valparaiso, 


maintained with regu- 


when rough; coal han- 




Taloahuano, 


larity; annual sales 


dled by ship's crew; 




poor quality 


Lota, 


amount to 3,000 to 4,000 


poor facilities; slow; 
liable to interruption 




of the coal. 


Lebu, 


tons. 






Port Yanez, 




by weather. 






Port Stanley, 
Montevideo, 
KiodeJaneiro. 




Slow; by small light- 








Wehrbahn & Co. always 


ers towed by ship's 








have some coal brought 


own boats. 








by occasional vessel. 


At wharf or by light- 
ers inside bar; no in- 


U. S.; 1,000 


None 


Kahalui, 


1892.— Depth of water on 
bar increased by dredg- 


to 1,200 




San Francisco, 


terruption; larger ves- 


tonsof an- 




Tahiti, 


ing to 28 feet; channel 


sels outside baj; slow; 


thr"a«it& 




Pago Pago, 


and harbor to be uni- 


liable to interruption 


uBuallyoni 




Suva, 


formly deepened to 30 


by S. winds, November 


hand. 




Noumea, 


feet, and maintained 


and December. (See Re- 






JaZuU, 


thereat. 


marks.) 






Matupl, 
Yokohama. 


Firms are Allen & Robin- 








son, Inter-Island S. S. 










Co., and Wilder & Co. 










Wm. G. Irwin & Co. sup- 
ply dealers and will sell 


















cargoes .of British Co- 










lumbia coals at $5.00 to 










$5.50 per ton. Cartage 










and lighterage cost $1.25 










per ton additional. 


By large lighters hold- 
ing 75 tons; estimated ■ 






JSonohtliiy and 


Coal owned by the Ha- 
waiian Commercial and 






as- for Hon- 


to be able to deliver 


* 




olulu. 


Sugar Co. is stored at 


250 tons in 1 day. 








Spreekelsville, about 3 
miles distant, and 
brought to wharf in cars 
holding 8 tons each. 
The amount ot coal de- 
pends upon the needs of 
the company, but sev- 
eral hundred tons may 


















be had almostany time. 




TJ. S.,at Hon- 


None 


Homlnlu, and 






olulu. 




as for Hon- 
olulu. 




At sea wall for vessels 
not exceeding 12 it. 


French, at 
Marine 


None 


Honolulu, 
Pago Pago, 


Total importation of coal 
during 1890 amounted 




draught; larger ves- 


Arsenal; 




Suva, 


to 8,400 tons. 


sels at arsenal wharf. 


500 to 2,000 




Auckland. 




or by lighters, or from 
coal schooner along- 


tons,chief- 








. ly Austra- 








side; coaling done by 


lian. 








ship's crew; about 8 










tons per hour; no in- 










terruption. 










By lighters, 3 in number, 
carrying an average 


U. S 


None 


Honolulu, 








Jaluit, 




load of 5 tana, filled by 






^^'. 




natives at 10 to.SO yds. 






Tahiti, 




from beach, by means 






Suva, 




of tubs, etc. supplied 
from ship; towed off 






Auckland. 












'by Ship's boats; alDOUt 










4 tons per hour. 











74 



COALING, DOCKING, AND KEPAIRING 

ExJiibit of mat to he had at the foUowing Pacijic I'itaiion 



Name of port. 


r, , Kind of coal 
"'"'•, on hand. 


Tons 

of each at 

date. 


Average 

supply during 

year. 


Cost per ton. 


Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 


Apia, Upolu, 

Samoa Ids. 


June, 
1886. 
1887 

Oct., 


Westphalian 


100 


100 


J15.00 to $20.00 

S12.70 
$11.00 
German Govt, 
i-ontmct prices 
for 3 years. 














i 
N'one except for Ger- 


Nei-Afu Vftvu 


1896. 

Jiilv, 
1886. 

Julv, 
1886. 

Aug.. 
1886. 

Aug., 
1886. 

Aug., 
1890. 

Jan., 
1S*6. 
Oct.. 
1SS7. 

June, 

1888. 

Mar.. 
ISS*. 

Mar., 
1888. 

June, 
1888. 

June, 
1888. 




man nien-ofwnr. 
1 
None None 


Tonga Ids. 

Nukualofa, 
Tongatabu, 
Tonga Ids. 

Levuka, Ovalau, 




None 

100 








English 


Not to be de- 
pended upon. 

Hulk kept 
loaded, by 
contract 
with Brit- 
ish Govt. 

7,000 

Yeivrly i m - 

portation, 

22,000 tons, 

i,ooo{ 


$9.7Sf.o.b. 

$9.73f.o.b. 
$8.00 

$14.60 


About 600 
ft., pier to 
anchorage. 


Fiji Ids. 

Suva, Viti Levu, 
Fiji Ids. 






7,000 
1 1,200 


New Caledonia. 

Matupi, 

Blanche Bav, 


Westphalian 

Australian 


About 200 
yds. 


New Britain. 


$14.05 alongside. 
$10.66 alongside. 

German Govt. 

■ contract. 




Australian 






Doreh, 








Geelvink Bay, 
New Guinea. 


Cardiff 


500 
Governn 

1,000 
Governi 


7.i0 
aent supply. 

1,000 
lent supply. 

Notolwaj-sto 
be depended 
upon. 


$14.60 f.o.b. 




Ternate Id., 
Moluccas. 

Amboyna, 


Newcastle 

(To be replaced 
by Cardiff.) 


Amboyna Id., 
Moluccas. 

Bauda Neira, 






Banda Isles, 
Moluccas. 


English 




$19.95 
$13.87 




Banda Isles, 








Moluccas, i 









FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE "WORLD. 



75 



ports, together tvith the usual supply on hand, cost, eic— Continued. 



Manner of cdaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 



Government 

coaling 

stations in 

vicinity. 



Coal mining in 
vicinity. 



Next coaling 

porta en route 

(the nearest 

in itaZies) . 



Bemarks. 



By lighters of 8 to 10 tons 
capacity; liable to in- 
terruption in hurri- 
cane season. 



By lighters; slow; no In- 
terruption. Queen's 
Wharf, 625 ft. long, has 
18 to 30 ft, alongside at 
L.W. 



Alongside hill k; 200 tons 
per day; occasional cy- 
clones, December to 
March. 



By lighters or hulks, or 
alongside wharf for 
ve.ssels not exceeding 
17 ft. draught; cy- 
clones in January and 
February. 



By lighters; slow; 50 to 
100 tons per day. 



Preferably at pier; 5 fath- 
oms of water at end. 



At coal wharf; 4 fathoms 
alongside; slow; about 
60 tons per day. 



At pier . 



German, by 
contract, 
1887. U.S., 
at Pago 
Pago. 



U.S., at Pa- 
go Pago. 



U.S., at Par 
go Pago. 



U.S., at Pa- 
go Pago; 
British, 
by con- 
t-ract, at 
Suva; 
jrenoh,at 
Noumea. 

British, by 
contract. 



PrenchGovt. 
depot. 



German, by 
Contract. 



Netherlands 
Govt, coal- 
ing station 
established, 

Netherlands 
Govt, coal- 
ing station, 



Netherlands 
Govt, coal- 
ing station. 



Netherlands, 
at Gisser. 



Netherlands 
Govt, depot; 
also at Am- 
boyna. 



None. 



None. 



None. 



None . 



None . 



1 mine, bitumi- 
nous, opened 
n^ar Noumea, 
on small scale. 



None - 



Mines on Gilolo 
Island, coal of 
poor quality; 
also on Ba- 
chian Island; 
depositson 
Obi Island 
and Sula-Besl. 

Nearest on Ba- 
chian Island. 



Honolulu, 

Jaluit, 

Pago Pago, 

Tahiti, 

Suva, 

Auckland. 



Pago Pago, 

Suva. 

Auckland. 

As for Nei- 
Afu. 



Pago Pago, 
Apia, 



Noumea, 
Auckland. 



Pago Pago, 

Apia, 
Noumea, 
Auckland, 
Newcastle. 

Honolulu, 

Pago Pago, 

Suva, 

Auckland, 

Newcastle, 

Matupl, 

Jaluit. 

Jaluit, 

Manila, 

Temate, • 

Port Kennedy, 

Noumea, 

Brisbane, 

Newcastle. 

Matupi, 
Temate, 
Amboyna. 



Matupi, 

Manila, 

Kema, 

Gorontalo, 

Amboyna, 

Bnton, 

Macassar, 

Surabaya. 

Temate, 

Gisser, 

Port Kennedy, 

Buton, 

Macassar, 

Surabaya. 

Temate, 
Amboyna, 



Coal mines of New Cale- 
donia are apparently 
rich, but are reported 
(Apr., 1891) as non- 
productive on account 
of lack of capital and 
proper labor. 



In addition to Govern- 
ment supply, coal is 
kept by Netherlands- 
India S. S. Co. 



In addition to Govern- 
ment supply, coal is 
kept by Netherlands- 
India S. S. Co. 



Buton. 

Temate, 

Amboyna, 

Buton, 

Port Kennedy. 



76 



COAXING, D0CE3;NG, and KEPAIKLtTG 

Exhibit of coal to be had at thefMcnmng P(Kific .SW«on 



Name of port. 


Date. 


Kind of coal 
on hand. 


Tons 

of each at 

date. 


Average 

supply during 

year. 


Cost per ton. 


Distance 

&om.coal pile 

to ship. 




June, 
1888. 




1 Supply maintained by] 
/ Government. '1 


S1T:08 f.cb. 
J12.17 f.o.b. 




D.E.I. 


Borneo 






June, 

1SS8. 








$13.20 
















June, 

18S8. 


English 






$19.20 












1 




Feb., 
1887. 


Bituminous 


S. 


aintained ~<by 
ands-India 

5. Co, 


«12.06 








Kwanaang. 

Celebes. 




English 






S17.15 




188S. 






;■ 




Ton toll. Celebes ... 


June, 
ISSS, 


English 






S16.90 
















Dec., 
1896. 


Cardiff 




U,000 to 5,000 


<8.m 

57.86 

S5.75 

S12.06 






Borneo ! - - 






Ombili^en 




Bima, Sumbawa, 


Feb., 
1887. 


Bituminous 


Supply m 






Sunda Ids. 


Netherlands-India 
S. S. Co. 




Knpang, Timor, 


Aug., 
1890. 


Welsh 


Considerablft KiiTmlv. 






Sunda Ids. 












Dim, Timor, 


Feb., 
1887. 


Bituminous 






$12.06 




Sunda Ids. 










Port Darwin, 


1890 






Not to be de- 
pended up- 
on. 






NoMbem 
Territory, 

Australia. 










Port Kennedy, 


Aug., 
1890. 


Australian 


Ample suDDlv. 1 




Coal stored in 
hulks; ves- 
selsofiSSIt: 
draught lie 
about 6 
miles out 


Thursday Id., 
Torres Straits. 








Cookto^TO, 


Jan., 
1886. 


Australian 




Supplysome- 
times falls 
as low «s 
100 tons. 




li miles for 
vessels of 18 
ft. draught. 


Queensland, 

Australia. 









FACILITIES OF THE POETS OF THE WOBLD. 



77 



portSi together vrith the usucd supply on. hand, costi eta. — Continued. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 



GoTernmeut 

coaling 

stationslh 

vicinity. 



Coal miniiig in 
viciiiity. 



Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

in ilalice) . 



Remarks. 



By lighters. 



Netherlands 
Govt, depot, 



Netherlands 
Govt, de- 
pot; also 
at< Kema 
and Ter- 
uate. 

Netherlands 
, Govt, de^ 
i pot; also 
: at! Goron- 
. talo and 
' Ternate, 

Netherlands, 
ati Kema 
and at Ter- 
nate. 



Netherlands, 
at Kema 

: and afiTen- 
nate. 



By lighters, or at pier, or 
at Government coal 
w^a££^ 15 tons per-hour. 



Netherlands 
Govt, de- 
pot; 1;000 
tons. 



Netherlands, 
atl Macas- 



From sheds on beach, 4 
or 5 miles from town, 
by ship's boats; no 
landing; coal carried to 
boats in baskets by na- 
tives; slow; only prac- 
ticable when smooth. 



At pier if obtainable. 



Alongside hulks for ves- 
sels not exceeding 22J 
ft. draught; by lighters 

. or small schooners for 
larger vessels; slow in 
latter case. 



British, at 
Port Ken- 
nedy. 

British 



None. 



None . 



British, at 
Pbrt Ken- 
nedy. 



Deposits; unde- 
veloped. 



Gissep,- 
Amboyna, 
Macassar, 
Surabaya. 

iTema,!. 
Ternaitej. 
Amboyna, 
Buton, 



Gorontalo, 
Ternate, 
ifereodo, 
Kwandang. 



Ternate, 
Kema, 
Kwandang, 
Tontoli. 



Ternate, 
Kema, 
Menado, 
Tontoli. 

Ternatej. 
Kema, 
Kwandang, 
Macassar. 



Manila, 

Tontoli, 

Ternate, 

Amboyna, 

Buton, 

Bima, 

Surabaya, 

Batavia. 



Surabaya, 
Macassar, 
Kupang. 

Port Kennedy, 
Gisser, 
Amboyna, 
Buton; 

mu, 

Bima, 

Macassar, 
Surabaya. 

See Kupang. 



Port Kennedy, 
Kupang, 
Gisser, 
Amboyna. 

Kupang, 

Amboyna, 

Gisser, 

Matupi; 

CooUaum, 

Brisbane, 

Newcastle. 

Matupi, 
Port Kennedy, 
TmjmsmBe, 
Brisbane. 



Netherlands-India S. S. 
Go. maintain a supply 
here. 



Netherlands-India S. S. 
Co. maintain a supply 
at this port. 



Supply maintained by the 
Netherlands'lndia S. S. 
Go: 



_ .,-.JvS/' ...jji 



78 



OOALIfrG, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Exhibit of coal to he had ai the following Pacific Station 



Name of port. 



Date 



Kind of coal 
on hand. 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



Average 
supply during 



Cost per ton. 



Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 



Townsville, 
Queensland, 
Australia. 



Maryboro, 

Queensland, 
Australia. 



Brisbane, 

Queensland, 
Australia. 



Newcastle, New 
South Wales, 
Australia. 



Sydney, New 
South Wales, 
Australia. 



Melbourne, 
Williamstown, 
and Geelong, 
Pt. PhUlip Bay, 
Victoria, 

Australia. 



Port Adelaide, 
South Australia. 



Albany, 
Western 

Australia. 



1891 



1890 



Jan., 
1886. 



Sept., 
1896. 



Oct. 
1890. 
Sept., 
1896. 



Dec, 
1884. 
Nov, 
1896. 



Australian. 



Bituminous . 
(Native.) 



Bituminous . 
(Native.) 



Native. 



Bituminous . 

(Native.) 
Bituminous . 

(Native.) 



Bituminous . 
(Native.) 
Bituminous . 



Oct., Australian 

1885. (Newcastle and 
I WoUongong.) 

Australian 

(Newcastle and 
WoUongong.) 



Oct, 
1896: 



Dee. 
1883. 



Sept. 
1885. 



Australian 

(Newcastle and 
WoUongong.) 



Australian 

(Newcastle.) 



About ■ 2 
miles from 
wharves to 
anchorage. 



Ample supply. 



Ample supply. 



•2, 000 to 5, 000 



Large supply directly 
from manes. 

Large supply directly 
from mines. 



Large supply directly 
from mines. 
Unlimited. 



12,500 



Unlimited. 



8,000 



10,000 



2,500 



8.16 f. o. b. in 
river; t4.50 
toS4.87f.o.b. 
in Moreton 
Bay. 

S2.S6 



K.92 f. u. b. 
S1.75 



(S.04 f. o. b. 
..89toS2.31 



86.60 stowed. 
SS.65 



87.68 in hulk; 
«8.88 f. o, b., 
at Semaphore 
Anchorage. 



J8.52 in huUc; 
delivery ex- 
tra; labor, 24 
cts. per man 
per hour. 



About t mile. 



FACILITIES or THE PORTS OF THE WOBLD. 



79 



ports, together imth the usaal supply on hand, cost, etc. — -Continued. 





Government 




Next coaling 




Manner of coaling, rapid 


coaling 


Coal mining in 


ports en route 


Tlpniarks 


or slow, etc. 


stations in 
vicinity. 


vicinity. 


(the nearest 
in UaMcii). 


XUji 1 ifli^ ^a. 


By lighters; wharves 
available only for light- 


British, at 




Port Kennedy, 




Port Ken- 




Cooktovm, 




draught vessels. 


nedy. 




Maryboro, 
Brisbane. 




By lighters or at Govern- 


None 


At Burrum; 


Matupi, 
PortKennedy, 


Not available for vessels 


ment wharf; 30 tons 




rail connec- 


exceeding 17i ft. 


per hour, by crane, In 
latter case. 


• 


tion. 


Cooktown, 


draught; channel being 






Townsville, 


deepened, 1891; vessels 








Brisbaite, 


of 24 ft. draught can 








Newcastle, 


anchor at White Cliffs, 








Sydney. 


27 mUes below town. 


Vessels able to cross bar 


Nearest at 


Tivoli, Aber- 


Matupi, 


Total output of Queens- 


(about 19 ft. at H. W.) 


Sydney. 


dare, and oth- 


PortKennedy, 


land mines (for 1888), 


can coal in river at 




er mines of 


Cooktown, 


312,000 tons. 


points owned by col- 
lieries; larger vessels 




West More- 


Townsville, 






ton; exten- 


Maryboro, 




in Moreton Bay, 15 




sive at Ips- 


Newcastle, 




miles distant, by 




wich, about 


Sydney, 




lighters and steamers; 




25 miles dis- 


Melbourne, 




300 to 400 tons per day. 




tant; Clifton 
mines. Dar- 
ling Downs, 
140 miles dis- 
tant by rail. 


Wellington, 

Auckland, 

Noumea. 




Alongside wharves, for 


British, at 


Extensive; also 


Matupi, 


Total output of mines of 


vessels of 20 ft. draught; 
coal staithes and hy- 


Sydney. 


at Maitland 


PortKennedy, 


New South Wales (1888) , 




and Single- 


Maryboro, 


2,923,000 tons. 


draulic cranes; very 




ton, about 15 
and 45 miles 


Brisbane, 




rapid; no interruption; 
for large vessels, by 




Sydney, 






distant, r e - 


Melbourne, 




lighters; rapid, 100 tons 




spectively , by 


Wellington, 




per hour. 




rail; 2,200,000 
tons output, 
1886. 


Auckland, 
Noumea. 




By steam colliers along- 


British, at 


Wollongong dis- 


Matupi, 


Coal is brought to Sydney 


side; rapid; no inter- 


dockyard 


trict; exten- 


PortKennedy, 


from both the Newcas- 


ruption. 


(1891). 


sive; Osborne 


Maryboro, 


tle and Wollongong dis- 






Wallsend.Bul- 


Brisbane, 


tricts. The coals of the 






11, Coal Cliff, 


Newcastle, 


Lithgow Valley district. 






Illawarra,and 


Melbourne, 


about 100 miles inland. 






Mt. Kembla 


Wellington, 


are not well adapted for 






mines; output. 


Auckland, 


steaming purposes. 






370,000 tons, 


Noumea. 








1886. 






At anchorages, Hobson 


None 


None 


Wellington, 


Coal usually furnished 


Bay and Geelong Har- 
bor, by large lighters. 






Auckland, 


steamers at this port is 






Brisbane, 


a mixture of that from 


hulks, or steam colliers 






Newcastle, 


the Newcastle district 


alongside; very rapid; 






Sydney, 


with BuUi coal from the 


no interruption; ves- 
sels of 25 ftdraught can 






Launceston, 


Wollongong district. 






Adelaide, 




go alongside pier at 
Williamstown. 20 tons 






Albany. 












per hour. 










By large lighters, towed 


None 


None; deposits 


Newcastle, 




by tugs, 300 tons per 




Inland to N; 


Sydney, 




day, or alongside 




a seam of bitu- 


Launceston, 




hulks; rapid; liability 




minous coal 


MeWoume, 




to interruption at Sem- 




48 ft. thick dis- 


Albany. 




aphore Anchorage dur- 




covered (1891) 






ing winter months. 




at Leighs 
Creek, about 
400 miles dis- 
tant by rail. 






Alongside hulks; 40 tons 


British de- 


None; deposits 


Newcastle, 




per hour, or as rapidly 


pot (1891). 


on river Col- 


Sydney, 




as stowing permits; no 




lie, 30 miles 


Melbourne, 




interruption. 




from Bun- 
bury; semi- 
bituminous 
of good qual- 
ity; develop- 
ment project- 
ed 1891. 


Adelaide, 

FreemaivOe, 

Mauritius, 

Diego Garcia, 

Batavia, 

Colombo 





80 



OOAIilNG, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Exhibit of coal to be had at the following Pacifie Station 



Name of port 


Date. 


Kind of coal 
on hand. 


Tons 

of each at 

date. 


Average 

supply duriup 

year. 


Ciist per ton. 


Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 


Freeman tie, 


1891 


Australian -. 










Western 

Australia. 














Jan., 

188a. 

Sept, 
1896. 


Australian 

(Newcastle.) 

NewSouthWales 


1,000 


1,500 
1.500 


$5.84 f. o. b., 
from hulk 
alongside. 
$3.75toti.25 












Launcestou. 


1886 


Ritiimlnons 










Tasmania. 


(Native.) 










Russell and Opua, 
Bay of Islands, 
New Zealand. 


Sept., 
1890. 


Bituminous 

(Native.) 


Ample su 
fron 


Eply directly 
i.ipines. 


$4.87 alongside, 
temporarily; 
usual price, 
S2.92 to S3.40 
alongside. 


' 


: 


Whangerei, 


Nov.. 
1883. 


New Zealand... 
(Whangerei.) 


500 


500 


$4.20 

$7.20 
Delivery and 
stowing, 180. 
to 26c. 




New Zealand. 


i 
1 




(Newcastle.) 






Auckland, 

New Zealand. 


Aug., 
ISSti. 


Australian 

New Zealand: 

Westport 

Kawakawa... 

Waikato 


.\bund 


aut supply. \ 


S7.50f.o.b. 

$8.00fto.b. 
$5.00f.o.b. 


( 

1 


Napier, 


1891 


New Zealand... 










New Zealand. 












Wellington, 


Nov., 
1885. 


New Zealand... 

Australian 

Welsh.... 


1,000 

500 

1 cargo .. 


1,600 


$4.87 
$6.08 
$9.60 




New Zealand. 






No regular 
supply. 

1 






Nelson, 


18S1 


New Zealand... 










New Zealand. 













tACILlTIES OF THE POETS OE" THE WORLD. 



81 



ports, together wUh the usual supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 



Government 

coaling 

stations in 

vicinity. 



Coal mining in 
vicinity. 



Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

in UaZia) . 



Remarks. 



By lighters at Gage Road 
or Owen Anchorage. 



By lighters Irom shore 
or by large barges or 
hulks brought along- 
side; rapid, using 
steam winch on hulk; 
40O tons jper day; no 
interruption. 



By lighters at anchorage, 
Russell, or at wharf, 
Opua, available for ves- 
sels of 18 ft. draught; 
good facilities; no in- 
terruption. 



By lighters; slow; no in- 
terruption. 



From lighters by steam 
derricks, or from collier 
alongside; 750 tons per 
day; small vessels from 
coal chutes; no inter- 
ruption in any case. 



B^ lighters, at anchorage 
in roadstead; break- 
water under construc- 
tion. 



rromhulkbroughtalong 
side; 500 tons per day; 
liable to interruption 
by boisterous weather. 



Wharves available for 
vessels of 18 ft. draught. 



British, at 
Albany. 



None. 



None. 



None . 



None - 



None . 



None . 



None . 



None 

(See Albany.) 



None of con- 
sequence. 



Most important 
at Latrobe, 
near mouth of 
river Mersey, 
about 60 miles 
distant by 
rail. 



Kawakawa 
mines, 8 miles 
distant by 
rail; output 
fallen from 200 
to 100 tons per 
day; will soon 
be exhausted. 
New mine on 
Klrikiri River, 
5 miles from 
Russell, to be 
opened on 
large scale, 
1891. 



Whangerei 
mines; out- 
put, 27,000 
tons, 1884. 



On Waikato 
River.in vicin- 
ity of Taupiri; 
Bridgewater 
mines,40 miles 
southof Auck- 
land; output of 
district, about 
50,000 tons per 
year. 



None . 



Melbourne, 
Adelaide, 



WestWanganui 
mines, about 
100 miles dis- 
tant by rail; 
unimportant; 
4,000 tons per 
year. 



Nearest of con- 
sequence in 
vicinity of 
Westport, on 
river Buller. 



Batavia. 

Adelaide, 

Melbourne, 

LauncesUm, 

Sydney, 

Newcastle, 

Dunedin. 



Adelaide, 

Metboume, 

Hobart, 

Sydney, 

Newcastle, 

Wellington. 



Tahiti, 

Pago Pago. 

Suva, 

Noumea, 

Brisbane, 

Newcastle, 

Sydney, 

Whangerei, 

Auckland, 

Wellington, 

Lyttelton, 

Dunedin. 



Pago Pago, 

Suva, 

Noumea, 

Bay of Islands, 

Auckland, 

Wellington. 



Tahiti, 

Pago Pago, 

Suva, 

Noumea, 

Newcastle, 

Bay of Islands, 

Whangerei, 

Wellington, 

Lyttelton, 

Dunedin. 



Bay of Islands, 
Auckland, 



Swan River to Perth, 12 
miles distant, is only 
navigable for craft of 
less than 6 ft. draught. 

Local coal not good for 
steaming. 



Output of Tasmanian 
mines 0^887), 28,000 
tons. 



The native coal possesses 
good steaming proper- 
ties, but is too small to 
be burnt to advantage 
except upon grates 
specially constructed 
for its use 



Total output of all New 
Zealand mines amount- 
ed, 1890, to 635,000 tons; 
most extensive devel- 
opment in the Otago 
district, near Dunedin, 
and in Westport and 
Greymouth districts. 



Lyttelton. 



Bay of Islands, 

Auckland, 

Napier, 

NeUmi, 

Greymouth, 

Lyttelton, 

Dunedin. 



Bay of Islands, 
Auckland, 



Lyttelton, 
Greymouth. 



12477- 



82 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Exhibit of coal to be had ai (he foUovnng Pacific Stations 



Name of port. 


Date. 


Kind of coal 
on hand. 


Tons 

of each at 

date. 


Average 

supply during 

year. 


Cost per ton. 


Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 


Lyttelton, 

New Zealand. 

Dimedin and 


Nov., 
1SS3. 

Nov., 
1883. 

1885 
1891 


New Zealand... 
Australian 

New Zealand. . . 
Australian 


1,200 
COO 

1,250 
660 


1,800 
600 

1,900 


$4.20 

$7.20 

Delivery «nd 

stowing, 18c. 

to 25c. 

SJ.20 

?7.20 

Delivery and 

stowing, 18c. 

to 25c. 








New Zealand. 




New Zealand. 

Greymouth, 

New Zealand. 


Bituminous 

(Native.) 


Ample SI 
fror 


pply directly 
a. mmes. 











Exhibit of coal to be had at the following Agiatie Station porta, 



PetroTOulovski, 
Kamchatka. 

Vladivostok, 


Sept 
1891. 

Aug., 
1894. 

Aug., 
1886. 

Oct., 
1892. 

May, 
1896. 


., Saghalin 

(Russian Govt.) 

Nanaimo 

Saghalin 

(Russian Govt.) 

Nanaimo 

Saghalin 

Saghalin 

Saghalin 

(Inferior grade.) 

Saghalin 

Japanese 

(Patent fuel.) 


500 

500 
1,000 

1,000 
Amp 

2,000 

12,000 

(For gas.) 

2,000 

/ Small \ 

\ amount./ 


500 to 1,500 

400 to 500 

2,500 
(Varies.) 

2,000 
(Uncertain.) 

e supply. 
Ample 


As arranged 
by courtesy 
of Russian 
admlralat 
Vladivostok. 

Asarranged 
by courtesy 
of Russian 
Sealskin Co. 

$10. 00, but not 
for sale ex- 
cept by cour^ 
tesy of Rus- 

$20.00 

$10.00 Mexican; 
from Saghalin 
Coal Co. 

$7.26 
$6.74 


Storehouses 
are situ- 
ated on 
west shore 
of harbor. 

IBO yds.; coal 
in store- 
houses near 
beach. 

160 yards to 
ooal pile. 


Siberia. 










imple 







FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WOELD. 



83 



ports, together with the usual supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 





Government 




Next coaling 




Manner of coaling, rapid 


coaling 


Coal mining in 


ports en route 


Remarks. 


or slow, etc. 


stations in 


vicinity. 


(the nearest 




vicinity. 




in italics) . 




By lighters and baskets; 
rather slow; or by 


None 


Malvern Hills 


Bay of Islands, 


Headquarters of New 




mines.aboutSO 


Auckland, 


Zealand Shipping Co. 


hulks alongside; 400 




miles distant; 


WeUirwUm, 
Dunemn. 


at this port. 


tons j)er day; no inter- 




output, 24,000 




ruption in either case. 




tons per year; 






Vessels of 24 ft. draught 




brown coal. 






can go alongside rail- 










way jetties (1890). 










By lighters and baskets; 
moderately rapid; no 


None 


Green Island, 6 


Bay of Islands, 






miles distant; 


Auckland, 




interruption; 19 It. at 




extensive de- 


Wellington, 




L.W. alongside railway 




posits on Moly- 


Lyttelton, 




wharf (1S90). 




neux River; 


Bluff Barbor, 
Hobart. 








Clutha mine. 








and others; 










output, 150,000 










tons per year. 








None 


Southland 


Lyttelton, 








County; o u t- 


Dvmedin, 








put, 18,000 tons, 


Greymouth, 








1884. 


Hobart. 




At the coal staithes, 26 ft. 


None 


Brunner mine 


Auckland, 


Coal of the Westport and 


alongside at H. W., 16 




and others, on 


Wellington, 


Greymouth districts is 


ft-atL.W.; very rapid; 




Grey River; 


Nelson, 


considered the best 


or by coal vessel along- 




output, 97,000 


Bluff Harbor, 


mined in New Zealand, 


side at anchorage in 




tons,1884; Ban- 


Hobart, 


and commands a higher 


roadstead. 




bury mine and 


Sydney, 


price in New Zealand 






others. West- 


Newcastle. 


ports than the New- 






port district, 




castle coal of Australia. 






about 50 miles 










distant; out- 










put, 80,000 tons, 










1884. 







together with the usual supply on hand, cost, etc. 



By lighters of about 8 


Russian; also 


None; nearest at 


Unalaska, 


Harbor seldom com- 


tons capacity; natives 


at Vladi- 


Dul and else- 


HakacMe, 


pletely frozen over in 


may be hired to load 


vostok. 


where on Sag- 
halin Island. 


Vladivostok, 


winter. 


lighters; no interrup- 




Yokohama. 




tion except during 




Extensive de- 






winter. 




posits reported 
in Kamchatka, 


















undeveloped. 






By lighters hauled off by 








The Nauaimo coal is 


warp— 104 tons in 7 hours 








owned by the Russian 


—by ship's own crew. 








Sealskin Co., brought 


Vessels of less than 14 








in sailing vessels and 


ft. draught can go along- 








left exposed in piles. 


side piles and coal by 
wheelbarrows. 


















By large iron lighters 
loaded by Korean na- 


Russian; also 


In island of Yes- 


Petropaulovski, 


Harbor usually closed by 


at Petro- 


so, Japan; also 


Otaru, 


ice from Christmas to 


tives; 11 tons per hour; 


paulovski. 


two mines in 


Hakodate, 


beginning of April. Ex- 


no interruption except 




southern j)art 


Nagasaki. 


tensive deposits of an- 


during winter. 




of Saghalm Is- 
land; lignitic 
coal of good 
quality. (See 
Remarks.) 




thracite and semi-an- 
thracite have been dis- 
covered 60 miles from 
Vladivostok. 














nor; anthracite 




men-of-war, is not re- 






and semi-an- 




ported upon favorably; 






thracite of ex- 




mixed with Cardiff it 






cellent quality. 




gives better results. 



84 



COAirNG, DOCKING, ANB KEPAIBING 

Exhibit of coal to be had at the following Asiatic Station ports, 



Name of port. 



Date 



Kind of coal 
on hand. 



Tons 

of eacli at 

date. 



Average 

supply during 

year. 



Cost per ton. 



Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 



Otani, Japan . 



Poronai 



Hakodate, Japan . 



Sept., 
1892. 



Oct., 
1893, 

June, 
1896. 



Poronai . 



Supply unvisually large, 
but sometimes cut off 
in >Tinter by heavy 
snows on railroad. 



1,000 



Iwanai, 
Iwanai, 



No.l.. 
No. 2.. 



\ l,50o| 



Poronai. , 



Takasima . 
Poronai ... 

Iwanai 

Cardiff 



Ample. . 

None . . . 
Ample. . 
Ample. - 
None . . . 



Yokohama, Japan. 



Yokosuka, Japan. 



Hlogo and Kobe, 
Japan. 



Nagasaki, Japan. 



June, Japanese, Car- 
1896. dlff. 



Dec., 

1895. 



None for sale . . 



a.02 f.o.b., av- 
erage price 
for large 
quantities. 



S4.10 



Large. 



$3.73 
$3.23 

$3.16 



$3.29 



None 

Large 

Large 

3,000 to 6,000 



July, Mineche 

1897.1 Hakoku 

Komatsee 

Akaiike 

Fujitano 

Nogato Hondo. 

Kuratsu 

Hayama 



None except Japanese 
Government supply. 



Large supply. 



May, 
1894. 
Jan., 
1896. 



Mukl. 



Sept. 
1897. 



Cardiff 

Karatsu: Mutabe 
Saga: 

Hatcnlnotsu 

Sagaguchi.. 

Fukano 

Chikuzen; 

Shakano 

Katsuno 

Ououra 

Honami 

Kanda 

Hoshie , 

Mineje 

Tagawa 

Akaiike 

Miiki 

Takasima 

Cardiff 



Lar^e 
supplies. 



10,000 



i.lO on board. 

!.02 on board. 

$11.50 



$3.75 to $11.66 



About 1 mile, 
for large ves- 
sels; harbor 
improve- 
ments in 
progress. 



$3.00 to $3.75 



$3.51 
$13.50 



$3.00 to $6.00; 
average, $3.75. 



$4.42 
$10.52 



mile to 1 
mile. 



FACILITIES OP THE POETS OF THE WORLD. 



85 



together with the usual supply on hand, cod, etc. — Continued. 





Government 




Next coaling 




Manner of coaling, rapid 


coaling 


Coal mining In 


ports en route 


Remarks 


or slow, etc. 


stations in 
vicinity. 


vicinity. 


(the nearest 
in Holies) . 


J-vv.i i mix xxk>. 




None 


The most exten- 
sive at Poro- 


Vladivostok, 
Hakodate, 


Port decreed open, 1889,. 




for export of coal, etc. 






nai, 60 miles 


Yokohama, 


Poronai-Otaru R w y . 






distant by rail, 


Nagasaki. 


runs directly to mines. 






and at Iku- 




Total output, 1890, Por- 
onai andlkushunbetsu 






shunbetsu; al- 








so at Sorachl, 




mines, 167,000 tons. 






newly opened. 










1890. 






By small lighters; put on 


None 


As for Otaru 


Vladivostok, 


Poronai coal Is used by 


board and stowed In 






Otam, 
Yokohama, 


coasting steamers, and 
only taken by men-of- 


bunkers by coolies; 60 






tons In 4 hours. 






Nagasaki. 


war in an emergency. 
Iwanai coal comes from 










Iwanai mines, on SW. 










coast of Yesso Island. 










From Kusuri mines, on 










SE.coaat of Yesso Island. 










Very inferior coal. 










Howell & Co. the only 










bidders. 










Takasima only used by 










men-of-war; it Is no 










longer kept, as too little 










demand since English 










squadron imports Car- 
diff. 


By lighters; 200 tons per 


Japanese 


None of conse- 


Honolulu, 


The breakwater renders 


day; no interruption. 


Govt, depot. 


quence. 


Jaluit 
Hakodate, 


coaling practicable In 
nearly all weather. 














Kobe, 










Nagasaki, 










Shanghai. 






Japanese, at 
dockyard. 


None of conse- 
quence. 


SeeYokohama. 








By lighters of 15 tons ca- 


British, by 




Hakodate, 


As a rule no Cardiff coal 


pacity; rapid; liable to 
interruption during 


contract. 




Yokohama, 


can be obtaiaed; usu- 


1,000 tons 




SlmonoseU, 


ally of an inferior grade 


typhoon season, Au- 


Takasima. 




Nagasaki, 


and mixed with Japa^ 


gust to October. 






Shanghai. 


nese coal. 


By lighter orjunks along- 


Japanese; 


Takasima mine; 


Vladivostok, 


The Fiusiu coal deposits 


side; bad weather 


also British, 


output, 1893, 


Hakodate, 


lie in four principal 
basins, of which that of 


would interfere; rapid, 


6,000 tons 


252,822 tons. 


Yokohama, 


1,740 tons in 8 hours In 


Cardiff. 


Mamazuta 


Kobe, 


Takasima, near Naga- 






mines; out- 


Kuchinotm, 


saki, is the most im- 


steamer. 




put, 1893, 


Tientsin, 


portant, although lying 






126,346 tons. 


Cheefoo, 


chiefly under the sea; 






Sh 1 n n e w 


Shanghai, 
Foochow, 


the mines are upon the 
islands of Takasima 






mines; out- 






put, 1893, 


Amoy, 


and Nakanosima, the 






140,369 tons. 


Keelung, 

Hongkong, 

ManDa. 


respective outputs of 
which, for 1890, were 








280,000 tons and 124,000 










tons; the Chikuzen- 










Buzen basin is mined ia 










a number of places, fur- 










nishing a total output 










of 780,000 tons per year 










(1890) ; the Karatsu dis- 










trict, province of Hizen, 










including the island of 










Hirado, furnishes about 










25,000 tons per month; 










the Miiki coal field. 










province of Chikugo, « 










has an output oi about 


















1,200 tons per day, 
chiefly shipped from 


















the! port of Kuchlnotsu. 
Milkl coal contains 


















1 much sulphur. 



86 



COALING, DOCKING, AND EEPAIBING 

Exhibit of coal to be had at the following Asiatic Station ports, 



Name of port. 



Date. 



Kind of coal 
on hand. 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



Average 
supply during 

year. 



Cost per ton. 



Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 



Euchinotsu, Japan 



Misumi, Japan.. 
Sassebo, Japan.. 



Earatsu, Japan . 



Sept., 
1888. 
May. 
1892. 



May, 
1892. 

Dec, 
1887, 



May, 
1892. 



Miiki. 



30,000 



80,000 



328,000 tons exported 
during 1891. 



10,000 tons exported 
during 1891. 



Hakata, Japan 1889 



Simonoseki, Japan 



Moji, Japan 

Chemulpo, Corea . . 



Khenm, 
Wolmi Island, 
Corea. 



Port Arthur, Mar. 

China. 1889. 



May, 
1892. 



Jan., 
1896. 

July, 
1888. 



Oct., 
1892. 
June, 



Oct. 
1894. 

Dec. 

1894. 

June, 

1895. 

Sept. 

1897. 

Sept., 
1896. 



Earatsu . 



Chikuzen. 



Nagato 

Buzen 

Chikuzen.. 



Japanese; 

Takaslma ... 

Weikamatsu . 

(Lignite.) 

Earatsu 



Eaiatsu . 



Ample supply from 
mines of district. 



Ample supply from 
mines of district. 



Ample supply from 
mines. 



30 
100 



200 



Earatsu 

(And other Japa- 
nese coals.) 
Earatsu 



Miiki 

Earatsu 

Earatsu 

Wakamatsu 



Russian , 
Cardiff.. . 



Eaiping. 



Small. 



165 
40 



100 



►Uncertain../ 
200, usually.. 



From none 
to 200, usu- 
ally. 



Average sup- 
ply small. 



Small 

Uncertain .. 



100 to 500 



Very small supply. 



S9.60 
$6.04 



S4.00 
$4.00 



(4.19 usutil; at 
date $7.90. 

f5.20 to $4.60 
at date. 

$4 67 
$4.65 

$5.78 stowed. 



2 miles. 



FACILITIES OF THE POETS OF THE WOELD. 



87 



together uriih the usual supply on hand, cost-, etc. — ^Continued. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 



Government 

coaling 

stations in 

vicinity. 



Coal mining in 
vicinity. 



Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

in itcUics) . 



Remarks. 



Nagasaki, 



Nagasaki, 



Japanese 
Govt, depot 
to be esral> 
Ushedat 
dockyard 
under con- 
struction. 

None in im- 
mediate vi- 
cinity. 



None . 



Japanese, 
on Osima, 
about 75 
miles to 
E. 



Miiki mines, in 
province o( 
Chikugo. 

(See Eemarks.) 



Miiki mines . 



As for Nagasaki. 



Extensive, 1 n 
raovince of 
Hizen. 

{See Remarks, 
Nagasaki.) 



Extensive; 

provinces of 

Chikuzenand 

Buzen. 
(See Eemarks, 

Nagasaki.) 

Extensive; 
provinces of 
Nagato, in 
Nipnon, Cbl- 
kuzen and 
Buzen, in Fi- 
usiu. 



As for Naga- 



As for Naga- 



As for NagBr 
saki. 



Nagasaki, 



HakaJta, 

Simonoseki, 
and as for 
Nagasaki. 



Sassebo, 

EaraUii, 

Simonoseki, 
and as for 
Nagasaki. 

Nagasaki, 

Sassebo, 

Karatsu, 

Hakato, 
and as for 
Nagasaki. 



By lighters; very slow. 



From junks alongside; 
very slow. 



None. 



Extensive de- 
posits of an- 
thracite near 
Ping Yang, 
Tatung River, 
not regularly 
worked. 



Tientsin, 
Shanghai. 



Ping Yang coal 
is not good for 
steaming. 



By lighters; vessels of 
light draught can coal 
at wharf; harbor open 
throughout the year. 



Chinese, to 
be estab- 
lished at 
dockyard. 



None; Kaiping 
mines, near 
Tlentan, the 
nearest. 



Tientsin, 
Chefoo. 



Dealers, China and Japan 
Trading Co. Mitsui- 
Bishi Co. can furnish 
any quantity of Taka- 
sima, Mamazuta, and 
Shinnew coal in time 
of peace; during the 
Japan-China war the 
Government took all 
this coal 



Port decreed open, 1889, 
for export of coal, etc. 
41,000 tons shipped dur- 
ing 1891. 



Port decreed open, 1889, 
for export of coal, etc. 
1891. Only 780 tons 
shipped during year. 



Port decreed open, 1889, 
for export of coal, etc. 
Upward of 200,000 tons 
shipped duxiag 1891 
from Simonoseki and 
Moji (opposite). 



Large quantities of Jap- 
anese coal kept in stock. 

Total importation during 
year 1891 amounted to 
2,100 tons. 



Dealers: Morse, Town- 
send & Co. (American) ; 
E. D. Steward & Co. 
(Chinese); Daibutsu 
(Japanese), and Ki- 
mura (Japanese). 



At Rose Island the Rus- 
sian Govt, had built a 
coal house to hold about 
1,600 tons. Cardiff is 
supplied by contract by 
Houue, Eiuger & Co. 



Harbor improvements in 
progress, in connection 
wlm dockyard. Include 
wet docks for vessels 
of 28 ft. draught. 



88 



COAUNG, DOCKXXG, AKD KEPAIRnSTG 

Erhibil of (xxd to be had at thefoUowing Asiatic Station ports. 



Name of port. \ Date. 



Kind of coal 
on hand. 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



Avera^ 

snpplyduring 

year. 



Cost per ton. 



Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 



Nluchwang.Ctunii. Apr., Mamazuta. 
lS9o. Liaoyang-. 



150 



I 



Taku, China. 



Tientsin, China. . , 



Chefoo, China . 



ChinKang, 
Yangtse Biver, 
China. 



Wnhu, 
Yangtse Kver, 
China. 



KinSdang, 
Yangtse River, 
China. 



Hankow, 
Yangtse Biver, 
China. 



Ichang, 
Yangtse River, 
China. 



Shanghai, China . . 



.Tnlv, 
1S96. 
Nov., 
1897. 
Aug., 
1899. 

1891 



June, 
1895. 



Jan., 
1897. 

Nov., 
188S. 



June, 
1892. 



Oct., 
1892. 



Ang. 
1899. 

Oct., 
1883. 
Dec., 
1896. 



Eaiping. 
Takasima . 

Kaiping... 



1,000 



S8.30 
}.00, Mexican. 



50 yds. for 
gunboat 



1,500 



Chinese 
Kaiping . 



I 10,000 



$7.80 
S6.00 



Kaiping, Nos. 1 
to 9. 



Bitominous .. 



Cardiff 

Australian. 
Takasima . 
Kaiping 



40,000, 
age. 



Ample... 



1,500 



6,000 



;,60ol 



Cardiff .. 
Takasima 
Karatsu . 



Takasima 

Welsh (Cardiff) 

Formosa 

Kaiping 

Cardiff 

Japanese 



60O 

1,000 

500 

1,000 
500 



6, 000 tons re- 
ceived 1890. 



Average cost of 
all numbeis^ 
isS3.10. No. 
5 costs ti.79. 
tC07 



S14.00 

$12.00 

$S.0O 



K2.00f.o.b. 
S9.Uuf.o.b. 
$8.00 to.b. 



1,000 

500 

Uncertain ... 



Oct., 
1883. 



Oct. 
1896, 



Oct, 
1883. 



Dec., 



Aug., 
1895. 



Mar,, 
1897, 

Sept., 

im. 



Bituminous 

Anthracite 

Japan bitumin- 
ous. 

Hankow anthra- 
cite. 

Anthracite 

(Chee-Chow.) 



Native: 
Anthracite . . 
Bituminous . 



Anthracite 

Bituminous 
(poor). 

Native 



Cardiff .... 
Takasima . 



Mixed Japan . 
Kuchinotzu . . 

Moji 

Kaiping 

Karatsu 

FerndaJe 

Cardiff 

Cardiff 



10,000 
2,000 



•200 to 300 



} s,aoo| 



14,000 tons 
exported, 
1890, from 
subport of 
Tatung, 60 
miles up 
river. 



$4.75 
$11.56 
$4.50 
$1.50 

4,600 $10.64 on board. 

6,000 $4.20 on board. 



$7.00 

$8.00 

Delivery and 

stowing, per 

ton, 10 cents. 



40,000 tons 

exported, 

1890. 



all 
Small 



2,000 

8,000 
1,000 
10,000 
2,500 
1,500 



supply. 



390,000 an- 
nually. 



$8.90 



t8.25t. o.b. 

^75 at pile. 

Native coal at 

mines, $1.00 

to $2.00. 

$6.50 to $9.00, 
Mexican. 

$6.00 



$8.08 
$4.89 



),80 alongside. 
$ii.'97" 



Not far. 



i mile to 
mUes. 



J mile . 



100 ft to t 
mile. 



About 100 ft. 



I'ACIIilTIBS or THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 



89 



together with the usual supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 



Govemment 

coaling 

stations in 

vielaity. 



Coal mining in 
vicinity. 



Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 



Eemarks. 



From lighters by coolies; 
very slow; liable to in- 
terruption by wind, 
March, April, October, 
November; harbor 
closed throughout 
winter. 



Alongside Tonghu 
wharves oi Chinese En- 
gineering and Mining 
Co. 

rrom lighters or junks 
alongside by natives 
with baskets; fairly 
rapid. 
36 tons per hour. 

By lighters; about 150 
tons per day; liable to 
interruption in winter 
by gales from N. and 
NW. 



None . 



Chinese Govt, 
dockyard. 



None. 



None regularly 
worked nearer 
than Kaiping 
mines, in vi- 
cinity of Tien- 
tsin. 



Kaiping mines. 
(See Tientsin.) 



At Linsi and 
Kaiping, 94 
miles by raU 
from Tientsin. 



None; some 
mining in 
southern and 
western por- 
tions of prov- 
ince of Shan- 
tung. 



Tientsin, 
Port Arthur, 
Chefoo, 
Liaoyang. 



Tiervtsin, 
Chefoo. 



Ibto, 
Chefoo, 
Shanghai, 
Nagasaki. 



Tientsin, 
Port Arthw, 
Shanghai, 
Nagasaki. 



By lighters; very raj>id; 
liable to interruption 
by NE. gales in winter. 



None . 



Prom 20 to 60 ton lighters, 
by baskets;;coolie labor; 
very rapid; no interrup- 
tion except by rains. 



From lighters, by coolies; 
using baskets; rapid; 
no interruption, except 
by rain. 

By baskets from lighters 

alongside; slow; 140 

tons in 36 hours. 
Lighters of 70 tons put 

on board at rate of 15 to 

18 tons per hour. 



At Tatung, 
shipping 
port for 
Govern- 
m't mines 
at Chee- 
Chow. 

SeeWuhu... 



None. 



None . 



Kiangnan 
Arsenal, 
about 3 
miles above 
custom- 
house, on 
west bank 
of Woosung 
Biver. 



Two mines 
about 20 miles 
distant. 



Mines near Tai- 
tong are work- 
ed by Euro- 
pean methods; 
export, 1892, 
was 11,282 tons, 

Bituminous on 
PoyangLake, 
worked inter- 
mittently. 

Extensive de- 
posits through- 
out neighbor- 
ing district; 
ouQjut increas- 
ing yearly. 



Limited in ex- 
tent; primi- 
tive methods 
employed. 

None 



Chefoo, 



Wuhu, 

Shanghai, 

Keelung. 

Shanghai, 
QiivMang, 
Kiukiang, 
Hankow. 



Shanghai, 



Wuiu, 
Hankow. 

Shanghai, 

Chinkiang, 

Wuhu, 



Ichang. 



See Hankow. 



Tientsin, 
Chefoo, 



Wuhu, 

Hankow, 

Nlngpo, 

Foochow, 

Amoy, 

Keelung, 

Hongkong, 

Manila. 



Liaoyang coal is used for 
domestic purposes; Kai- 
ping coal is a dust coal. 
Sealers, Butterfleld & 
Swire. 



Average output of the 
mines was 400,000 in 
1894. The coal is in veins 
numbered from 1 to 9. 



In 1889 receipts of for- 
eign coal (CardiflP, Aus- 
tralian, and Japanese) 
amounted to 18,000 tons, 
and of Chinese coal to 
1,800 tons; in 1890 re- 
ceipts were 6,000 tons 
foreign and 6,000 tons 
Chinese. 

The English Govemment 
has an option on all Car- 
diff coal at this point. 



H. B. M. consul at Wuhu, 
1890, reports discovery 
at Chee-Chow of bitu- 
minous coal, in addi- 
tion to the anthracite 
mined there. 

Good coal can be ob- 
tained at this port. 



Importation of foreign 
coal during 1890 
amounted to 6,680 tons. 
Native coal is exten- 
sively used by the river 
steamers. 



Coaling can be carried 
on much faster along- 
side dock; the compa- 
nies that own coal do 
not own lighters, and 
much delay, therefore, 
by coaling m stream. 



90 



OOALDfG, DOCKING, AND EEPAIBING 

E.vhibit of cocU to be had at the following AsiaJliG Station porta, 



Name of port. 



Ningpo, China. 



Wencliow, China. 



Foochow, China. , 



Amoy, China.. 



Date. 



Kind of coal 
on hand. 



Swatow, China . . . 



Keelvmg, Formosa 



Tamsui, Formosa.. 



Hongkong, China 



Sept., 

IS&t. I 

Jan., 
1895. 
Sept, 
1899. 

Deo., 
1896. 

June. 
ISSS. 



Oct., 



Jan., 
1897. 

Sept. 
1899. 



May, 



Apr., 
1895. 

Sept., 



Apr., 
1896, 

July, 

1896. 



May, 



Dec, 
18W. 



May, 



Nov., 
1SS9. 

Dec, 
1893. 



Mar., 
1895. 

Mar., 
1898. 
June, 
1899. 
July, 
1899. 



Formosan 

Australian 

(Sydney.) 
None 



None. 



Formosan . 
Takasima . 

Welsh 

Australian. 



Miiki. 



Inferior coal. 
Formosan 



Chinese . 



Australian. 

Formosan . 
Takasima . 
Australian. 

Takasima.. 
Plymouth . , 

Welsh 

Japanese.., 



Japanese . 
Cardiff 



Bituminous ... 

(Native.) 



Keelung 



Welsh 

Australian. 
Japanese . . 

Welsh 

Takasima.. 



Welsh (oudother 
coals). 

Japanese 



Cardiff. 
Cardiff. 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



1,100 
500 



None . 



800 



None . 



50 



200 



200 
800 



Average 

supply during 

year. 



,ooo| 



500 



No regular 
supply. 



Scarce. 



Ample 
supply. 



800 



1,000 
2,000 



Very little 
used. 



500 
2,000 



Ample supply. 89.00, Mexican, 

20O I $24.00, Mexican, 

Plentiful. S3.00 to $6.00 



Cost per ton. 



$9.50f.o.b. 
811.50 f.o.b. 



.60, Mexican. 
.00, Mexican. 
815.50, Mexican. 



$6.34 

$5.28 
88.00 to $10.00, 
Mexican. 
85.00 to 86.50 



$11.50, Mexican, 
f . o. b. 



$7.50 
$12.80 
$24.00, Mexican. 
$8.50, Mexican. 



4,000 



Brought from Keelnng 
as required; should 
be contracted for in 
advance. 



8,000 
10,000 
20,000 



[ vo.oooJ 



Large; 
about 
20,000. 



Large.. 



$4.30, Mexican. 



$14.50 

89.50 

i. 60 to $7. 75 

$10.00 



$7.80 

86.44 

811.09 

89.73 



Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 



imile. 



About 1 mile 



i mile to 2 
miles. 



} mile. 



i to i mile.. 



Coal at the 
wharf. 



FACILITIES OF THE POKTS OF THE WOELD. 



91 



together with the usual supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 



Government 

coaling 
stations m 
yicinlty. 



Coal mining in 
vicinity. 



Next coaling 

porta en route 

(the nearest 

ia italics). 



Remarks. 



Poor facilities; by sam- 
pans; 15 tons per hour; 
liable to interruption 
by typhoons, August 
and September. 



None . 



About 100 miles 
distant, near 
Hang Chow. 



At anchorage, 9 miles be- 
low city, by lighters 

• towed by steam launch 
from Pagoda Id.; Iieh1> 
ers apt to be sunk if 
wind is high. 

Extremely slow, 5 to 10 
tons per hour. 



By lighters; slow; no in- 
terruption. 



Chinese, at 
arsenal; 
3,000 to 
4,000 tons 
Formosan 
coal. 



Chinese, at 
Foochow. 



By lighters; sometimes 
interrupted by typhoons. 



By lighters of about 10 
tons' capacity; moder- 
ately rapid; liable to 
interruption by N. E. 
gales or Dy heavy rains. 



None . 



Chinese, 
Govt, col- 
liery, 6 
miles east 
of Kee- 
Inng.near 
Coal Har- 
bor. 



By lighters; liable to in- 
terruption; vessels ex- 
ceedmg 15 ft. draught 
must he outside bar. 



By lighters; about20f»ns 
per hour; sometimes, 
but rarely, interrupted 
by high winds; rapid. 



Se«Keelung, 



British, a t 
dockyard; 
about6,000 
tons Car- 
diff. 



None; exten- 
sive at Kee- 
lung, island 
of Formosa. 



None . 



None. 



Extensive de- 
posits, capa- 
ble of large 
expansion by 
scientific 
working. 



Coal Harbor 
mines. 



Keelung mines 
26 to 30 miles 
distant. 



None . 



Chef 00, 

Nagasaki, 

Shcmghai, 

Foochow, 

Keelung. 



Ningpo, 
Foochcm. 

Shanghai, 

Ningpo, 

Keelung, 

Amoy, 

Hongkong. 



Shanghai, 
Foochow, 
Swatow, 
Hongkong. 



Shanghai, 
Keelung, 
Amoy, 
Hong Kong 



Nagasaki, 

Shanghai, 

Ningpo, 

Tamswi, 

Foochow, 

Amoy, 

Hongkong, 

Manila. 



See Keelung. 



Nagasaki, 

Shanghai, 

Keelung, 

Amoy, 

Swatow, 

Manila, 

Singapore. 



L. Charles & Co. , a Chinese 
firm, are chief dealers. 



Cardiff and Japanese 
coals can ordinarily be 
gotten readily, 

Sometimes coal is very 
scarce and prices corre- 
spondingly nigh. 



Exportation of Keelung 
coal, 1891, amounted to 
28,000 tons; increasing, 
from year to year. 



Mines now worked by 
English machinery, but 
ou§>ut is not great. 



Royal Naval Depot, Doe^ 
Companies, Measageries 
Maritimes, the P. and O. 
S. S. Co., the Pacific 
Mail and Canadian Pa- 
cific S. S. Cos. each have 
large supply of coal. 



92 



COALING, DOCKTSTG, AMD EEPAIBING 

Exhibit of coal to be had at the following Asiatv; Station ports 



Name of port. 



Kind of coal 
on hand. 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



Average 

supply during 

year. 



Cost per ton. 



Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 



Canton and 
Whampoa, 

China. 



Saigon, 

Cochin China. 



Apr., 
1884. 

Feb., 



Cardiff... 
Takasima 

Kaiping . 



No regular supply 
h brought from Hong- 
kong as required. 



Dec, Welsh .... 
1891. Japanese . 



Bangkok, Siam 



Manila 
and Cavite, 

Luzon, 
Philippine Ids. 



Doilo, Panay, 
Philippine Ids. 



Cebu.CebuId., 
Philippine Ids. 



Isabela Basilan, 
Philippine Ids. 



Port San Luis 
d'Apra, 
Guam, 
Ladrone Ids. 



Santiago, Ponapi, 
Caroline Ids. 



Jaluit, 

Marshall Ids. 



Feb. 



1896 
Aug. 
1897. 



Feb., 
1886, 



Feb., 
1897, 



May, 
1893, 



July, 
1896. 



Jan., 
1891. 



Apr., 
1899. 



Jan., 
1884. 



Aug., 
1898. 



Nov., 
188V. 



Apr., 
1890. 



Cardiff 

Japanese .., 
Tong King . 
Briquettes . . 

Welsh 

Cardiff 



2,400 
1,800 

Small ... 

Large 



Cardifl ..., 
Takasima . 



Japanese .. 
Australian. 
Welsh 



Cardiff 

Australian. 
Takasima . 
Earatsu . . . 
Australian. 
Japan 



Japanese . 



None for sale... 



None . 



None for sale . 



Australian , 

Westphalian 



2,500 



Large. 



About $1.00 per 
ton advance 
on H n g- 
kong prices. 

89.50, Mexican. 



tie. 46 

S7.S0 

Current prices 

during year, 

$7.00 to $8.50 
83.80 to $1.70 



400 

Supply irregularly 
maintained. 



800 



Large. 



400 
400 



1,000 to 18, 



oooj 



Large. 



1,000 



500 
500 

5,000 



1,000 



Small supply for Gov- 
ernment vessels. 



None. 



Supply of about 1,000 
fons maintained by 
Spanish Government. 



600 
None 



400 



$10.04 



$13.00, off city. 

$8.00 to $9.00, 
off city: prices 
at anchorage 
outside bar 
about $8.00 
additionaj. 

$12.00 to $18.00, 
Mexican. 

$9.20 

$6.44 

$5.54 
$9.25 



$9.78 



$17.00 alongside. 



Near the har- 
bor. 



FACILITIES OF THE POETS OF THE WOELD. 



93 



together vrith the usuM supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 



Government 

coaling 

stations in 

vicinity. 



Coal mining in 
vicinity. 



Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 



Remarks. 



From junks alongside; 
preferable to go to 
Hongkong for coa,l. 



By lighters, in river off 
city; no interruption. 



Chinese, at 
dockyard; 
onHonan 
Id.; small 
supply. 



French, at 
■ dockyard. 



None . 



Eongay mines, 
in vicinity of 
Haiphong, 
Tonquin. 



As lor Hong- 
kong. 



Hongkong, 

Manila, 

Labuan, 

Kuching, 

Bangkok. 



Slow. 



Alongside wharf, or by 
lighters; vessels of 
greater draught than 
about 12 to 14 ft. must 
lie outside bar, 25 miles 
distant. 



By lighters; large ves- 
sels usually anchor in 
bay, 3 miles from Ma- 
nila, or off Cavite, 10 
miles distant; liable to 
interruption, August to 
November. Coolies 
trim the coal in the 
bunkers. 10 tons per 
hour. 

By steam lighter at an- 
chorage off bar for ves- 
sels of more than 15 ft. 
draught; seldom inter- 
rupted. 

By lighters at anchorage 
off fort. 



Siamese 
Govt, main 
tains a sup- 
ply of about 
500 tons. 



U. S., at 
arsenal, Ca- 
vite; 6,000 
to 7,000 
tons. 



U.S., at Ca- 
vite. 



U.S., at Ca- 
vite; also 
at Isabela. 



U. S., Govt, 
depot. 



Spanish Govt, vessels go 
alongside hulk on 
smooth days; at other 
times lighters are used. 



By lighters.. 



Spanish, in 
hulk Maria 
de Molina. 



German con- 
tract; 400 
tons to be 
kept on 
hand. 



None . 



Deposits on is- 
land ofLuzon, 
undeveloped; 
coal of poor 
quality. 



None. 



Three coal 
mines within 
a radius of 22 
miles to the 
northward. 

None 



None . 



None . 



None . 



Hongkong, 

Manila, 

Saigon, 

Labuan, 

Kuching, 

Singapore. 



Nagasaki, 

Shanghai, 

Hongkong, 

Hoiio, 

Labuan, 

Temate, 

Macassar, 

Batavia, 

Singapore. 



Manila, 
Cebu, 
and as for 
Manila. 



Manila, 
lloHOj 
and as for 
Manila. 



Manila, 
IloUo, 
Cebu, 
Labuan. 



Manila, 

cebu, 

Jalult. 



Manila, 

Jaiuit, 

Matupl. 



Honolulu, 
Pago Pago, 
Suva, 
Matupi, 
Yokohama. 



Coal can always be ob- 
tained at this port. 
Total Importation, 1891; 
Cardiff, 8,370 tons; Jap- 
anese, 7,070 tons. 

Best quality Cardiff coal 
is kept by Messageries 
Mari times. 

The briquettes are kept at 
the French arsenal in 
sheds in large quanti- 
ties and used by torpedo 
boats, gunboats, and 
river launches. 



The Cardiff coal was of 
fair quality at this date. 



Coal can be obtained; 
3,000 to 6,000 tons Im- 
ported per year. 



The Spanish Government 
gave preference to the 
native coal mined on 
the island. Smith, Bell 
& Co., dealers. 



Coal obtainable at times 
from newly arrived 
colliers. 



94 



COALrNG, DOCKING, AND EEPAIEING 

E.rliihil of coal to l>e had at thefoUmeing Asiatic Staiwnports 



Name ol port. 


Date 


Kind of coal 
on hand. 


Tons 

of each at 

date. 


Average 

supply during 

year. 


Cost per ton. 


Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 


Victoria, 


Oct., 
1899. 

Feb., 
1887. 

June, 
1888. 

June, 
1888. 

Feb., 
1887. 

June, 
1888. 

Aug., 
1885. 
Apr., 
1897. 

Feb., 
1887. 

Apr., 
189S. 
July, 
1896. 

June, 
1888. 


Borneo 


Ample... 

Model 
mai 


B,000in coal 
sheds. 

ate supply 
ntained. 


$4.29 

85.75 at pile; 
S6.25f. 0. b.; 
(Mexican) . 

$11.76 
$10.54 

$11.43 
$4.87 


Coal sheds 
on iettv, 
200 yds. 


Labuan Id., 
B.E.I. 


Bituminous 

(Native.) 
















Banjermassin, 


English 






Borneo. 


Native 








Pulo Lant, Borneo. 






Supply un- 
certain. 

Supply un- 
certain. 

8,000 


Koti, Borneo 


(Native.) 








Siirabava, Java 


(Native.) 
Cardiff 




$10.00f.o.b. 
$6.00f.o.b. 

r $7.63 
1 $8.44 

$11.25 


2 miles for 
vessels an- 
chored in 
roads. 

Room for 10 
steemersat 
coal docks. 




Australian 






Cardiff 


Small.... 


1,000 




Australian 

Borneo 


Batavia, Java 


Cardiff 




Newcastle 

Australian 

Cardiff 






4,000 
- 15,000 


I 

Coal sheds for 
50,000 tons. 


$6.80 to $8.40 

$7.96 
88.75 at Wharf. 

$15.73 
$12.53 




Welsh 




Australian 

English 


Palembang, 




Sumatra. 


Native 

















FACILITIES OF THE POKTS OF THE WOBLD. 



95 



together with the usual supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 


Government 

coaling 

stations in 

vicinity. 


Coal mining in 
vicinity. 


Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

in ttalice). 


Remarks. 


Alongside of jetty or by 
lighters in harbor; rapid. 


British,2,000 
to 3,000 tons. 


Mines now work- 
ed by New Cen- 
tral Borneo 
Co.; daUy out- 
put 400 tons; 8i 
miles distent. 


Hongkong, 

Manila, 

Saigon, 

Kuching, 

Singapore, 

Batavia. 


This coal is light and 
quick burning, and 30 
per cent more is requir- 
ed to develop the horse- 
power than when using 
Cardiff coal. It can 
not be used with forced 
draft. 




Sarawak 
Govt, depot. 


Govt, mine 3 
miles from Sa- 
dong; output, 
1,000 tons per 
month; depos- 
its at Lesong 
Mountain, to be 
developed. 


Hongkong, 

ManUa, 

Saigon, 

Labuan, 

Pontianah, 

Singapore, 

Palembang, 

Batavia. 










Netherlands 
Govt, depot. 


Kapuas River 
coal fields; ex- 
tensive depos- 
its from Sin- 
tang to Bunut; 
hard coal of 
good quality. 


Saigon, 

Labuan, 

Kuching, 

Singapore, 

Palembang, 

Batavia, 

Banj ermassin. 










Netherlands 
Govt, depot. 


Pengaron mines, 
57 mUes dis- 
tant, up Mar- 
tapura River; 
120 tons per 
day; bitumi- 
nous. 


Kuching, 

Singapore, 

Fontianak, 

Batavia, 

Surabaya, 

Pulo Laut, 

Macassar. 












Bituminous, on 
quality. 


AsforBanjer- 
massin. 














On Mahakkan 
River, near 
Samarinda, 
about20 miles 
distant; bitu- 


Surabaya, 
Macassar, 
Pulo Laid, 
Tontoli. 














minous; poor 
quality. 






At anchorage in roads; 
by coolies, from light- 
ers of 30 tons capacity; 

weighed and tallied 
on ehoie. 


Netherlands 
Govt., at 
dockyard. 




Amboyna, 

Kupang, 

Buton, 

Macassar, 

BanjermasHn, 

Batavia, 

Singapore. 


On Beru River, about 




20O miles north, there 
are mines near Sambil- 
iung; bituminous coal 
of good quality. 


By lighters, a^anchorage 
in roads; rapid; liable 
to interruption in wet 
season, November to 
March; or alongside 
wharf, Tanjong Priok; 
rapid as stowing per- 

Steam cranes on flat cars 

pier. Obinese coolies 
stow the coal on board. 
20 tons per hour. 


Netherlands 
Govt., at 
Tanjong 
Priok; sup- 
ply large, 
Austra- 
lian; depot 
formerly 
located at 
Onru 8 t 
Island. 




Manila, 

Saigon, 

Labuan, 

Kuching, 

Macassar, 

Surabaya, 

PalewMng, 

Singapore, 

Penang, 

Colombo, 

Albany. 






Importation of coal at 
Batavia amounts to 
about 200,000 tons per 
year. 




Netherlands 
Govt.depot. 


None 


Surabaya, 

Batavia, 

Singapore. 











96 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Exhibit of coal to be had al ihe/ollowing Asiatic StcUion porta, 



Name of port. 


Date 


Kind of coal 
on hand. 


Tons 

of each at 

date. 


Average 

supply during 

year. 


Cost per ton. 


Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 


Singapore, Straits 
Settlements. 


Mar. 
1893. 


Cardiff 


Practi- 
cally 
unlimi- 
ted. 


Sheds of Pa- 
gar compa- 
nies alone 
store 100,- 
000 tons. 


«5.&4 for Cardiff. 


At wharves, 
40 or 50 yds.; 
atanchorin 
roads,about 
li miles. 


Japanese 

And other coals. 




Feb., 
1896. 
Feb., 
1896. 

1899.' 


CardifE 






«5.8i 
87.60 stowed. 
SS.15 stowed. 






























June, 

1888. 








814.44 
















Jan., 
1887. 


Cardiff 


4,600 


6,000 


810.60 Mexican. 


2 miles from 
sheds on 
Penangld.; 
4 miles from 
sheds at 
Prye Elver 
Dock. 


Settlements. 






Mar., 
1893. 


Cardiff 


2,000 


9,000 


86.10 


Stored in 
sheds. 






Acheen, 


Feb., 
1886. 


None for sale. . . 


No regular sunnlv. 






and Olehleh, 
Sumatra. 










Padang, Sumatra.. 


June, 
1888. 

Nov., 
1896, 


English 

Native 


[ 3,000 

Go verm 

Su) 


3,000 1 

aent supply. 
Bdent. 


814.72 
812.83 

86.00 


If at wharf, 
lOO yds. 




Sumatra 


Port Blair, 


1891 

Mar., 
1893. 


Cardiff 










Andaman I^s. 


(Owned by Brit- 
ish Govt.) 
Cardiff 




Not leas than 
600. 














Moulmein, 


Feb., 
1890. 


■RltlimiTiniis, 




22,000 






British Burmah. 











FACILITIES OP THE PORTS OF THE WOKLD. 



97 



together with the usual supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 





Government 




Next coaling 




Manner of coaling, rapid 


coaling 


Coal mining in 


ports en route 


Remarks 


or Blow, etc. 


stations in 
vicinity. 


vicinity. 


(the nearest 
in italics). 


^V\^ 1 1 iCIH ^o. 


Alongside wharves. 


British, on 


None 


Hongkong, 
Manila, 


Importation of coal, 1887, 


available for largest 


PuloBrani, 




amounted to 295,000 


vessels, Tanjong Pagar 


temporal 




Saigon, 


tons, of which Great 


Dock Co.'s and New 


rily leased 




Labuan, 


Britain supplied 240,000 


Harbor docks; rapid 


to Tanjong 
PagaiDock 




Kuching, 


tons; Japan, 25,000; Aus- 


aa stowing permits; no 




Pontianak, 


tralia, 23,000; Sarawak, 


interruption; or by 


Co.; about 




Macassar, 


5,000, and other coun- 


lighters at anchorage 


2,500 tons 




Surabaya, 


tries, 2,000. 


in roads if preferred; 


on island; 




Batavia, 




rarely interrupted. 


British, 
French, 
German, 




Palembang, 
Deli, 
Penang, 
Port Blair, 






and Aus- 








trian con- 




Moulmein, 






tracts. 




Rangoon, 
Calcutta, 
Madras, 
Colombo. 






Netherlands 


None 


Singapore, 
Penang, 






Govt, depot. 












Port Blair. 




By lighters, at anchor- 


None 


None 


Batavia, 


Coal sheds at Prye River 


age off the Fort Point, 






Singapore, 


Dock, province Welles- 


for large vessels; 






Deli, 


ley,have storage capac- 


small vessels, close to 






Port Blair, 


ity for 10,000 tons (1891), 


town; rarely inter- 






Moulmein, 




rupted. 






Rangoon, 
Calcutta, 
Madras, 
Colombo. 




By lighters; stowed by 
coolies. 








Singapore has become the 








great coaling station. 




Netherlands, 


None 


Penang, 
Deli, 


Govt, supply on Pulo 
Brasse only for use of 




on Pulo, 






Brasse; 




Port Blair. 


blockading squadron 




7,000 tons. 






employed in the Achi- 




Cardiff 






nese war; a commercial 




and New- 






coaling stjition (10,000 




castle. 






tons) on Pulo Way to be 
subsidized. 


At wharf, or by lighters; 


Netherlands 


Durian mines. 


Batavia, 


Harbor works for ship 


slow; large vessels lie 


Govt, depot. 


on Ombllien 


Colombo. 


ment of Ombllien River 


outside bar; liable to 




River, about 




coal to be constructed at 


interruption by high 




40 miles dis- 




Brandywlne Bay, near 


winds, October to 




tant; good 




Padang. 


March. 60 tons per 




quality; also 






hour. 




near Benku- 
len, 200 miles 
down coast. 






By lighters; liable to in- 


British 


None 


Singapore, 


Coal supply is for Brittish 


terruption. 






Penang, 


naval vessels; other ves- 
sels can not depend up- 








Moulmein, 








Rangoon, 


on obtaining more than 








Bassein, 


a small quantity. 








Calcutta, 










Madras, 










Colombo. 




By lighters, 300 tons per 
day, at moorings off 


British, at 


None 


Penang, 




Rangoon, 




Port Blair, 




town; available for ves- 


by con- 




Rangoon, 




sels of 22 ft. draught; 


tract. 




Bassein, 




larger vessels anchor 






Akyab, 




off Amherst, 24 miles 






Calcutta. 




below. 











12477- 



98 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Exhibit of coal to be had at thefoUovnng Anatic Station portg, 



Name of port. 



Date. 



Kind o! coal 
on hand 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



Average 
supply during 



Cost per ton. 



Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 



Ran^^ion, 
British Buimah. 



British Burmah. 



Akyab, 
British Burmah. 



Ghittagong, India . 



Calcutta, India . 



Madras, India . 



Pondicherry, India 



Negapatam, India. 



Trincomalee, 

Ceylon. 



Oct. 



Feb. 
1890. 



Oct., 
1883. 



Feb. 
1890. 



Feb., 
1890. 
Mar., 
1893. 



Oct., 
1883. 



Oct., 

1883. 



Feb. 
1890. 
1893 
Nov.. 
1896. 



Nov. 
1883. 
Feb. 
1890. 
1893 



Welsh , 

English 

Scotch 

Australian 

Bituminous .. 
(Not specified.; 



Welsh 

English 

Scotch 

Australian. 



Bituminous .. 

(Not specified.) 



Bituminous . 
Cardiff , 



Bituminous . 



Bituminous: 

Welsh 

Australian. 
Native 



Cardiff. . 
Bengal . 



Welsh 

Australian. 



Cardiff. 



Aug., 
1883. 



July, 
1883. 



Mar. 
1893. 



Feb., 
1890. 



Welsh . 



Welsh . 



Cardiff . 



Welsh.. 
English. 



8,000 



$8.20 



12,000 



600 
1,700 
2,300 
1,700 



5,000 



$9.20toS10.60. 
S7. 36 to 88. 28. 



About 1 mile 
to usual 
anchorage. 



i mile to U 
miles. 



4,000 

500 

1,000 



1,000 



Notlessthan 
600. 



SCO 
(Owned by 
Netherlands- 
India S.S. Co.) 



I 25,000; f 
!■ including i 
J amounts [ 
owned by 
S.S. lines. 
15,000, avail- 
able. 



Stowing, per 
ton, 46c. 



Un: 



imited. 



400 



1,000 



Not less 
than 500 



Considerable supply. 



5,000 
(Owned 
by Rwy. 
Co.) 



6,000< 



$11. 74 stowed. 



89.30 
1.60 to J5.50 
!.60 to 84.60 



82.10 



$10.94 stowed. 



Sold only by 
courtesy. 



}mUe. 



i to i mile. 



About J mile. 



About (mile. 



FACILITIES OP THE POETS OF THE WOBLD. 



99 



together wUhthe usual supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 



Government 

coaling 

stations In 

vicinity. 



Coal mining in 
vicinity. 



Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

in italics) . 



Remarks. 



_ 



By coolies witli baskets, 
from dhows of about 20 
tons capacity; 300 to 
500 tons per day; river 
current sometimes 
causes delays; vessels 
can coal at wharves if 
preferred. 



By lighters; moderately 
rapid; no interruption. 



By lighters; 200 tons per 
day; liable to interrup- 
tion, April to October; 
vessels less than" 26 ft. 
draught coal at dock. 



By lighters; slow; no in- 
terruption. 



By lighters of about 20 
tons capacity; rapid; 
300 to 500 tons per day; 
liable to interruption 
in months of May and 
October; vessels less 
than 26 ft. draught coal 
at dock. 



In bags from lighters; 
150 to 200 tons per work- 
ing day; liable to inter- 
ruption in May, Octo- 
ber, November, and 
December. 



By lighters; liable to in- 
terruption in bad 
weather. 



By lighters; poor facili- 
ties; liable to interrup- 
tion in bad weather. 



By lighters of 50 tons 
capacity, or of 8 to 10 
tons capacity 200 tons 
per day; no interrup- 
tion. 



British, by 
contract; 
2,000 to 
2,500 tons 
Welsh 
and Eng- 
glish. 



British, at 
Bangoon, 
by con- 
tract. 



None . 



British, at 
Calcutta. 



Indian Govt, 
depot. 



French, at 
Pondlcherry. 



French, at 
arsenal. 



French, at 
Pondl- 
cherry; 
British, at 
Trinco- 
malee. 



British, at 
dockyard. 



None. 



None. 



None. 



None. 



Extensive in 
Bengal; out- 
put (1889), 
1,641,000 tons, 
of which coal 
fields of Burd- 
wan supplied 
936,000 tons. 



None. 



None . 



None. 



None . 



Penang, 

Port Blair, 

Moulmein, 

Ba^ein, 

Akyab, 

Calcutta. 



Penang, 

Port Blair, 

Moulmein, 

Sangoon, 

Akyab, 

Calcutta. 



Moulmein, 

Rangoon, 

Bassein, 

Chittagong, 

Calcutta. 



Akyab, 
CtiZcutto. 



Singapore, 

Penang, 

Port Blair, 

Moulmein, 

Rangoon, 

Ba£sein, 

Akyab, 

ChUtagoTta, 

Madras, 

Trincomalee, 

Galle, 

Colombo. 



Singapore, 

Penang, 

Port Blair, 

Calcutta, 

Pondicherry, 

Trincomalee, 

Galle, 

Colombo. 



Calcutta, 
Madras, 
Negapatam, 
Colombo. 



Madras, 
Pondicherry, 
Galle, 
Colombo. 



See Point de 
Galle. 



Vessels of less than 26 ft. 
draught coal at dock. 



All coal at this port is 
property of British Govt. 



100 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIKING 

Exhibit of coal to he had at thefollomng Asiatic Station ports, 



Name of port. 



Kind of coal 
on hand. 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



Average 

supply during 

year. 



Cost per ton. 



Distance 

from coal pile 

to ahip. 



Point de Galle, 

Ceylon. 



Colombo, Ceylon.. 



Diego Garcia, 

Chagos Ids. 



Sept., 
1883. 

1891 



1892 



Sept., 
1895. 



Feb. 
1899. 



Aug., 
1887. 



Mah6, India . 



Bombay, India . . 



Kurrachee, India.. 



Bunder Abbas, 

Persia. 



Bushire, Persia. 



Bussorah, 

Asiatic Turkey. 



Muscat, Arabia 



1891 



Mar., 
1893. 
Sept. 
1896. 



Dec. 
1886. 



June, 

1883, 



Nov., 
1886. 
Mar. 



July, 
1883. 
Mar. 
1893. 



Oct., 
1886. 

Mar., 
1893. 



Dec. 
1896. 



Welsh 

English , 

Australian 

Welsh (Cory's 
Merthyi) . 



Welsh. 



15,000 
■2,000 



i,ooo| 



).25 stowed. 



i mile to 1 
mile. 



Welsh. 



Very 
large. 



Dowlais's Mer- 

thyr. 
Welsh 



400,000 im- 
ported in 
1894. 



Cardiff . 



S,000 3,000 

Orient Line own } of 
total supply. 



88.27 f. o. b.; 
Austrian 
Govt, con- 
tract for the 
year. 

S6.57 alongside; 
S0.81 stowed; 
German 
Govt, con- 
tract to Apr., 
1893. 



$6.87 

3.67 stowed. 
1.37 stowed. 



810.95 to $11.68 
f. o. b. 



600 to 1,000 
yds. 



Welsh (Cory's 
Merthyr) . 



Welsh . 



Unlimited. 



English. 
Welsh.., 
Japan ... 
Indian .. 



Cardiff 

West Hartley... 



Bituminous . 



Bituminous 

Welsh 

Cardiff 

Welsh 

Cardiff 

(Owned by In- 
dian Govt.) 
Welsh 

Welsh Steam... 



6,000 

1,200 In 
hands of 
dealers. 



Less than 
600. 



2,800 



Less than 
500. 



Depends 
upon an- 
chorage; 
coal stored 
in hulks. 



$7.79 f. o. b.; 
Austrian 
Govt, con- 
tract for the 
year. 



i mile to 4 
miles. 



85.28 



6,000 



700 



$7.80 at pUe; 
delivery and 
stowing, 89c. 



$10.00 



Not to be de- 
pended upon. 



$11.67 



3 to 6 miles.. 



2,800 



811.60, stowed. 



Ample supply. 
(For British cruisers on 

station.) 
At least 
500. 



1,600 



1,000 



Sold only by 
courtesy of 
British con- 
sul; paid tor 
through dip- 
1 o m a tic 
channels. 

$10.50 to $11.00 



FACILITIES OF THE POBTS OF THE WOBLD. 



101 



together wiih the usual supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 


Government 

coaling 

stations in 

vicinity. 


Coal mining in 
vicinity. 


Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

in italics). 


Remarks. 


By lighters; coal bagged 
on shore; rapid; 
ground swell from SW. 
Wind sometimes 
causes delay. 

By lighters at moorings; 
coal in bags; 500 tons 
per day; no interrup- 
tion except by heavy 
rains. 

Comparatively rapid. 

By lighters from Orient 
Line or from private 
dealer; Orient Line 
keeps nine 75-ton light- 
ers loaded at all times; 
13 tons per hour; sel- 
dom interrupted. 


British, at 
Trinco- 
malee. 

British, by 
contract ; 
British 
Govt, de- 
pot at 
Trinco- 
malee. 

None 

French Govt, 
depot. 

British, at 
dockyard. 

Indian Govt, 
depot at 
dockyard 
(Manora) . 

None 

Indian Govt, 
maintains a 
small depot. 

None 

Indian Govt, 
depot. 


None 


Albany, 

Batavia, 

Singapore, 

Penang, 

Padang, 

Port B&ir, 

Calcutta, 

Madras, 

Colomlio, 

Bombay, 

Eurracnee, 

Diego Garcia, 

Mauritius, 

SeychelleB, 

Zanzibar, 

Aden. 

See Point de 
Galle. 

Albany, 

ealle, 

Colombo, 

Seychelles, 

Mauritius, 

Zanzibar, 

Aden. 

Colombo, 
Bombay. 

Colombo, 

Mah«, 
Kurrachee, 
Muscat, 
Aden. 

Colombo, 
Bombay, 
Muscat, 
Aden. 

Kurrachee. 

Bushire, 

Bussorali, 

Muscat, 

Aden. 

Kurrachee, 
Bunder Abbas, 
Bussorah. 

Bushire, 
Bunder Abbas, 
Kurrachee. 

Bombay, 
Kurrachee, 
Bunder Abbas, 
Aden. 








None 


tained at this port by 
all the principal steam- 
ship lines to the East. 

1890. — Orient Line steam- 




ers no longer stop for 
coal at Diego Gewcia. 


By lighters or 50-ton 
dhows; 300 tons per 
day; liable to interrup- 
tion. May to November; 
25 tons per hour. 

By lighters; liable to in- 
terruption, June t» Sep- 
tember. 

Alongside hulk owned 
by British India Steam 
Navigation Co.; coal- 
ing done by sliip's 
crew; no interruption. 

By native craft of about 
15 tons capacity each; 
lOO tons in 12 hours, 
with smooth sea; liable 
to interruption. 

By iron barges or light- 
ers; no interruption. 

By lighters of about 12 
tons capacity; coal bag- 
ged on shore; 100 tons 
per day; liable to inter- 
ruption, especially by 
N W. gales in winter. 


None . 


Vessels less than 26 ft 


Khost coal field, 
in Beloocliis- 
tau; 7,000 tons 
output, 1889. 

None 


draught coal at dock. 

Large importation of coal 
at this port tor usa on 
Govt, railways. 


None 




None - - 


Coal importation, 1890, 


None 


8,580 tons. 
Coal hulk formerly main- 




tained here by British 
India Steam Navigation 
Co. has been with- 
drawn. 



102 



COALING, DOCKING, AND BBPAIKING 

Exhibit of coal to be liad at the foUmdng Asiatic Station ports, 



Kame of port. 



Kind of coal 
on hand. 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



Average 

supply during 

year. 



Cost per ton. 



Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 



Aden, Arabia. 



Obok, 
Tadjnrra Bay, 
N.E. Africa. 

Perim Id., 
Strait of 
Bab-el-Mandeb. 



■ Suakim, Egypt . . . 



Jeddab, Arabia. . . 



Suez, Egypt. . 



Jan., 
1895. 
Apr., 
1895. 
Jan., 
1898, 
June, 
1899. 



Welsh 

Cardiff (Merthyr) 



Cardiff 

Ocean Merthyr. 
Cardiff 



Very large 
5,000 



175,000 im- 
ported, 1891. 



S6.45 

«6.45 

S8.15 stowed. 
$7.62 stowed. 
$8.16, along- 
side. 



Coal yards at 
the docks, 
imile. 



1891 Cardiff . 



Aug., 



May, 
1885. 



Jan., 
1887. 



Oct., 
1885. 
1891 



Oct., 



Great Western 



Harris's Deep 
Navigation, 
large. 
Ocean Merthyr, 

Pemdale 

PoweU Duflryn, 
Large Albion 

Meffthyr. 
Nixon's Navi- 
gation. 



Cardiff . 



Cardiff , 



Cardiff , 



Cardiff (Cory's 
Merthyr.) 



Cardiff . 



Large supply. 



10,000 to 12,000 



Supply in hands of con- 
tractor for British 
men-of-war and trans- 
ports. 

Small supply. 



3,000 



Plentiful 



Usually thesame 
as at Aden. 



$6.67 



$11.56 stowed. 



Offered at $10.95, 
for one year's 
contract to U. 
8. vessels. 



$8.52, stowed. 

S8.52 f. o. b.; 
Austrian 
6ovt.contract 
for the year. 



Coal under 
cover in 
sheds close 
to the 
waterfront; 
coals are 
fresh and 
dry. 



Exhibit of coal to be had at thefoUowing European Station 



Lerwick, 


1891 
1891 


Bituminous 

(Not specified.) 


7,800 tons received 






Shetland Ids. 
Stromness, 


duri 


ngyear. 






Orkney Ids. 













FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WOELD. 



103 



together with the vsual supply on hand, cost, -etc. — Continued. 





Government 




Next coaling 




Manner of coaling, rapid 


coaling 


Coal mining in 


ports en route 


"R i^vn a tIth 


or slow, etc. 


stations in 
vicinity. 


vicinity. 


(the nearest 
initaUcs). 


JLVmuui Ji-B. 


By large lighters along- 
side; coal in bags; de- 


British, by 
contract; 


None 


Mauritius, 
Zanzibar, 


Luke Thomas & Co., deal 




ers. 


lays from rough water 


French, at 




Seychelles, 




during SW. moTiBonn, 
June, July.and August; 
rapid. 


Obok. 




Diego Garcia, 








Colombo, 








Bombay, 
Kurrachee, 


















Muscat, 










Perm, 










Suez, 










Port Said. 






French Govt, 
depot. 


None 


Aden, and as 
for Aden. 










By lighters or alongside 
coal hulk; 26 to 60 tons 


British, at 


None 


See Aden. 




Aden; 








per hour; harbor pro- 


French, at 








tected against both 


Obok. 








monsoons. 










Kapid, by lighters along- 
side; SO to 150 tons an 








Perim Coal Company has 








arranged that as soon as 


hour for steamers re- 








a steamer is reported, 


quiring 100 tons or 








day or night, the settle- 


more. Coal is sold by 








ment is aroused by elec- 


measurement, as more 








tric bells, coal coolies 


satisfactory and faster 








rush to the loaded light- 


than by weight or bags. 








ers near harbor moor- 


No interruption day or 








ings and steam launches 


night. 








within 20 minutes of 
time when the steamer 
passes the entrance, and 
tow the coal alongside 
in quantity signaled by 
steamer's whistle, viz: 
For 50 tons, 1 short 
whistle; for 75 tons, 2 
short whistles; for 100 
tons. Hong whistle; for 
150 tons, 1 long and 1 
short whistle; for 200 
tons, 2 long whistles; for 
250 tons, 2 long and 1 
short whistle; for 300 


















tons,3 long whistles; etc. 




British, at 


None 


Aden, 


Importation of coal, 1890, 
amounted to 2,600 tons 




Aden; 




Perim, 




French, at 




Suez, 


all from Great Britain; 




Obok. 




Port Said. 


valued at $8.72 per ton. 


Poor facilities; no pro- 


British, at 


None 


Aden, 


Importation, 1,220 tons. 


tection; liable to inter- 


Aden; 




Perim, 


valued at $12.17 per ton 


niption by northerly 


French, at 




Suez, 


(1890). 


wmds, especially De- 


Obok. 




Port Said. 




cember to March. 










By large lighters from 


None 


None 


Aden, 


Coal imports, 19,000 tons. 


piles at Port Ibrahim; 
discharged and stowed 






Perim, 


1890; Port Said prices are 






Port Said, 


usually less than those 


by natives; facilities 






Alexandria, 


at Suez by from $2.43 to 


Inferior to those at Port 






Beirut, 


$2.92 per ton. 


Said. 






Piraeus, 
Malta. 





ports, together loith the umial supply on hand, cost, etc. 



From coal hulk Havana, 
in Lerwick Harbor. 



From hulk, 15 tons per 
hour. 



None. 



None . 



Eeikiavlk, 

Bergen, 

Stromness. 

Stomoway, 

Lerwick, 

Aberdeen. 



104 



COALING, BOOKING, AND REPAIRING 

Krhibit of coal to be had al the followiiiff European Station porfi, 



Name of port. 



Kind of conl 
on hand. 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



Average 

supply during 

year. 



Cost per ton. 



Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 



Inverness, 

Scotland. 



Aberdeen, Scotlniid 

Montrose, Scotland 
Dundee, Scotland . 



Kirkcaldy, and 
Burntisland, 

Scotland. 



Alloa, 
Grangemouth, 
andBo'ness, 
Scotland. 



Qranton, Scotland 



Leith, Scotland.. 



Sept. 
18S3. 



Aug., 
18%. 

Oct., 
1891. 



Dec, 
1891. 



Dec, 
1891. 



Blyth, England... 



North Shields, 

England. 



South Shields, 

England. 



June, 
1888. 



Jvilv, 
1891. 

Sept., 
1896. 

Dec, 
1891, 



Dec, 
1891. 



Dec, 
1891. 



Scotch. 



Scotch.. 
English. 



Bituminous . 



Scotch 

(Fifeshire.) 



Scotch 

(Stirlingshire 
and ClacKman- 
nanshire,) 



Scotch 

(Midlothian.) 



Scotch 

(Midlothian.) 



BestSlamannan 

Navigation. 
Scotch 



Nurthunibriau. 



Northumbrian. 
(West Hartley, 
etc.) 



Northumbrian. 
Durham 



140,000 tons received 
during year. 



1,500 



Receipts by sea during 
yeAr, 48,400 tons. 

ILarge supply on hand/ 
/ or available. 



2.50 to J3.50 
stowed. 



Large supply; 700,000 
tons shipped per year 
from Burntisland 
Docks. 



Large supply; about 
125,000 tons shipped 
per month. 



Large supply available 
by rail; shipped as 
received, about 10,000 
tons per month. 



Large supply on hand 
or available by rail. 



Presli from mines on 24 
hours' noUce. 

Lnjge supply; about 
130,000 tons shipped 
per month. 



Large supply. 



Largo supply. 



S2.26 to $2.76 
S3.75toS4.25 
Stowing, 240. to 
S7c. extra. 
$1.68 to {2.19 

$2.19 f. 0. b. in 
docks; stow- 
ing, 16c. 



$1.70 f. o. b. in 
docks from 
chute. 

Coaling in 
roads, by 
special ar- 
rangement, 
50c. to $1.00 
extra. 

$8.04 alongside, 
Leith Roads. 
$1.70 to $2.19 



$2,19 to 
f.o.b. 



$2.43 



$2.19 to $2.43, 
f. 0. b. in 
docks; by 
lighters, 12c. 
extra. 



2.19 to $2.43, 
f. o. b. in 
docks; by 
lighters, 12c. 
extra. 



FACILITIES 0¥ THE POETS OP THE WOKLD. 



105 



together v/ith the usual supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or Blow, etc. 


Government 

coaling 

«tations in 

vicinity. 


Coal mining in 
vicinity. 


Next coaling' 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

in italics). 


Remarks. 


At anchorage, Kessock 
Roads,for large vessels. 


None 




Stomoway, 

Lenmck, 

Stromness, 

Oban, 

Aberdeen. 


Vessels 160 ft. long by 28 ft. 




beam by 15 ft. draught 
can pass through the 
Caledonian Canal. 


In Victoria Docks; rapid; 
or by lighters; liable to 
interruption in latter 
case during winter. 


None 




Inverness, 
Montrose, 
Dundee, 
Leith. 


Total receipts by sea 
during 1891 amounted 
to 439,000 tons. 






None 




Aberdeen, 
Ihindee. 










At wharves in docta; 
very rapid; or by light- 
ers in roads; liable to 
interruption in latter 
case during winter. 60 
to 100 tons per hour. 


None 


Extensivein 
Fifeshire,near 
Dundee. 


Aberdeen, 
Montrose, 
Leith, 
Newcastle. 




At coaling staithes in 
Burntisland Docks, 
very rapid; large ves- 
sels at anchorage In 
roadstead; by lighters 
or coal vessel along- 
side. 


None 


Extensivein 
Pifeshire; col- 
lieries 8 to 25 
miles distant. 


Aberdeen, 

Dundee, 

Grangemouth, 

Leith, 

Blyth, 

Newcastle. 


Total output of Fif eshire 
mines (1890), 3,122,000 
tons. 


Best faculties are those 
afforded by Caledonian 
Railway Docks, Grange- 
mouth, available for 
vessels of 21 ft. draught 
entering at H.W.; lock 
350 ft. long; entrance, 
54 ft. wide. 


None 


Extensive in 
Stirlingshire, 
Clackmanhan- 
shire, and 
West Lothian. 


Aberdeen, 

Dundee, 

Burntisland, 

GranUm, 

Leith, 

Blyth, 

Newcastle. 


Coal production, 1890: 
Stirlingshire, 1,498,000 
tons; Clackmannan- 
shire, 403,000 tons; 
West Lothian, 782,000 
tons. 


Alongside pier; excellent 
facilities for vessels of 
light draught; only 9 
to 13 ft. in harbor at 
L.W. 


None 


Extensivein 
Midlothian; 
yearly output 
about 900,000 
tons. 


See Leith. 




In docks, as arranged by 
contractor; from coal 
chutes by carloads; 
coal should be ordered 
2 days beforehand; no 
regular facilities for 
coaling by lighters. 30 
tons per hour. 


None 


Extensivein 
Midlothian; 
collieries 10 to 
25 nules dis- 
tant. 


Aberdeen, 

Dundee, 

BvmtisUmd, 

Grangemouth, 

Blyth, 

N. Shields, 

S. Shields, 

Newcastle. 




Excellent facilities for 
rapid coaling from high- 
level staithes, with 29 
ft. alongside at H. W.; 
but at L. W. greatest 
depth is about 14 ft. 


None 


Extensive; 20 
collieries with- 
in 4 miles. 


Leith, 

N. Shields, 

S. Shields, 

Newcastle, 

Sunderland, 

Hartlepool, 

Middleshoro, 

Hull. 


Coal production of North- 
umberland for 1890 
amounted to 9,446,000 
tons. 


In Albert Edward or 
Northumberland docks; 
most improved modem 
facilities for rapid coal- 
ing; no interruption; 
or by lighters in river 
if preferred. 


None 


Extensive, both 
in Northum- 
berland and 
Durham; West 
Hartley and 
other impor- 
tant coUeries. 


See Newcastle. 




In Tyne Docks; best facili- 
ties; very rapid; no in- 
terruption; by lighters 
in river if preferred. 


None 


Extensive, both 
in Northum- 
berland and 
Durham. 


See Newcastle. 





106 



COALING, DOCKING, AND KEPAIKING 

EjrhHiil of coal to he had at the foUowing European Station ports, 



Name of port. 



Date. 



Kind of coal 
on hand. 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



Average 
supply during 



Cost per ton. 



Distance j 

from coal pile 

to ship. j 



Newcastle-on- 
Tyne, England. 



Sunderland, 

England. 



Hartlepool, and 
West Hartlepool, 
England. 



Hiddlesboiongh, 
England. 



Hull, England . 



Goole, England. . . 



Grimsby, England. 



Boston, England . . 



Kings Lynn, 

England. 



Great Yarmouth, 
England. 



June, 



Dec., 
1891. 



Jan. 
189i: 

July. 
1891. 
Dec, 
1891. 



Dec. 
189i; 



Jan., 
1891. 



Dec., 
1891. 
Aug. 
1896. 



Dec, 
1891. 



July, 
1891. 

Dec, 
1891. 



Northiunbrian , . 

Durhiim 

Cimiill 

Northumbrian 
Durham 



I Large supply. 
Small quantity. 



$1.95 f. o. b. 
in river. 



Durham. . 
Durham. 



Large supply; about 
4,000,000 tons shipped 
annually. 



^31 to e.55 
f . o. b. in river. 



$2.80f.o.b. 



Durham 

South Yorkshire 



Cardiff 

South Yorkshire 



Large supply; about 
65,000 tons shipped per 
month. 



1 Large supply on handf 
/ or available. \ 

Small quantity. 



Bituminous . 

Anthracite . , 



\\ 



Unlimited. 



South Yorkshire 1 Large supply; SO.IXXI to 

(steam). }■ 70,000 tons shipped per 

West Kiding J month. 



South Yorkshire 

(steam) . 
South Yorkshire 

(steam) . 
Derbyshire 



1891 



South Yorkshire 
Nottinghamshire 



South Yorkshire 
Nottinghamshire 



Large supply available. 



ILarge supply avoilablef 
I by rail. 



Receipts by sea during 

year, 02,500 tons. 



8.04f.o.b. 
a.49f.o.b. 



S2.49f.o.b. 



S2.49 to 83.16 
f. o. b. in 
docks; stow- 
ing, 24c. 



S.31 to S2.43 
in docks. 



2.67 at wharf. 



Sa.Slto 82.43. 



S2.43 to 82.55 

in docks. 
S2.31 to 82.43 

in docks. 



PAOIIilTIES OF THE POETS OF THE WOBLD. 



107 



together with the usual mipply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 



Government 

coaling 

stations in 

vicinity. 



Coal mining In 
vicinity. 



Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

in 



Remarks. 



By lighters in river, off 
relling Station; tide 
occasions delays; pref- 
erable to coal in docks, 
N.orS.SMelds. 



Excellent facilities; ex- 
tensive docks, covering 
44 acres,entered bysea 
lock, 480 feet long and 
90 feet wide, with 27 
ft. on sill at H. W.; no 
interruption. 



At coaling staithes in 
docks; rapid; no inter- 
ruption. 



By lighters in River Tees, 
or in MIddlesborough 
docks. 



By lightersin river; must 
discharge powder to en- 
ter docks. 



In docks, available for 
vessels of 22ft.draught, 
enteringatH.W.; Ouse 
Dock lock is 264 ft. 
long, and 58 ft. wide 
at entrance: Victoria 
lock, 500 ft. long by 47 
ft. vrtde at entrance. 



At coaling staithes In 
Royal or Alexandra 
docks; or by lighters 
outside; i)ermissIon 
must be obtained to en- 
ter docks with powder. 



In docks at coaling 
staithes, or by lighters 
In roadstead, 6 miles 
below. 



In docks bj; hydraulic 
cranes; rapid; no inter- 
ruption; or by lighters 
in Lynn Roads. 



By lightersin Yarmouth 
Roads; vessels of 16 
ft. draught can enter 
harbor at H. W. 



None - 



None. 



None - 



None . 



None. 



None - 



None . 



None - 



Extensive, both 
In Northum- 
berland and 
Durham. 



Extensive . 



Extensive; Dur- 
ham coal fields. 



None in iTtmne- 
dlate vicinity; 
extensive in 
Durham. 

None in imme- 
diate vicinity, 
extensive in 
South York- 
shire. 



Extensive; 
West Biding 
of Yorkshire, 
and Bamsley 
dlstrict.South 
Yorkshire. 



None . 



None in imme- 
diate vicin- 
ity; direct 
rail commu- 
nication from 
docks to Not 
tingham and 
Bamsley coal 
districts. 



None . 



Dundee, 

Leith, 

Blyth, 

Sunderland, 

Hartlepool, 

Mlddlesboro, 

Hull. 

Leith, 

Blyth, 

N. Shields, 

S. Shields, 

Newcastle, 

Hartlepool, 

Mlddlesboro, 

Hull. 

Blyth, 

N. Shields, 

S. Shields, 

Newcastle, 

Sunderland, 

Middlesboro, 

Hull. 



See H a r 1 1 e - 
pool. 



Newcastle, 

Sunderland, 

Hartlepool, 

Middlesboro, 

Goole, 

Grimsby, 

Gravesend. 

See Hull. 



See Hull. 



Hull, 
Grimsby, 
Kings Lynn, 
Gravesend. 



Hull, 

Grimsby, 

Boston, 

Yarmouth, 

Gravesend. 



Hull, 

Sarwieh, 

Gravesend 

or Tilbury, 
London. 



Yearly shipment of coal 
from the Tyne ports 
amounts to 10,000,000 
tons. 



Total coal production of 
the county of Durham 
for the year 1890 was 
30,265,000. 



Receipts of South York- 
shire coal at Hull, 1891, 
amounted to 2,386,000 
tons. 



Total coal production of 
Yorkshire, during the 
year 1890, amounted to 
22,339,000 tons. 



Monthly shipments from 
Grimsby amount to 
40,000 to 45,000 tons. 



Coal oulput of Notting- 
hamshire, 1890, amount- 
ed to 6,862,000 tons. 



108 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

JSxhibii of coal to be had at thefoUoudng European Station ports, 



Name of port 


Date. 


Kind of coal 
on hand. 


Tons 

of each at 

date. 


Average 

supply during 

year. 


Cost per ton. 


Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 




1891 




Receipts by sea during 
year, 80,000 tons. 






and Ipswich, 

Kngland, 










Dec., 
1891. 




Large supply 
1 available. 








Durham 

Yorkshire 

Newcastle 

(Hartley.) 


S3.89 to 94M 
$3.89 to $4.14 
83.65 to $3.89 






July, 
1886. 


Cardiff 






$4.62 




and Northfleet, 
England. 


(Nixon's Navn.) 










Dec., 
1891. 

Oct, 
1896. 


Cardiff 




( 








Durham 

Yorkshire 

Lancashire 

Newcastle 

Scotch 


Large supply; upward 
of U.m.OOO tons re- 
ceived per year. 


$3.89 to $4.14 
$3.89 to $4.14 






$3.65 to $3.89 




South Wales 

Durham 

Northumberl'd . 


15,000 


8,000 to 40,000 


$2.50 to S4. 26 


Chatham 


1891 












and Sheemess, 
England. 














Aug., 
1896. 




82,000 


Large... . . 
















Dover, 


1892 




Total rec 
during 1 
to 173,0( 


eipts by sea 
591 amounted 
Otons. 






Folkestone, 
and Newhaven, 
England. 








Northfleet, 


Oct., 
1894. 












England. 












Portsmouth, 
and Qosport, 
England. 


Aug., 
1896. 


North Country . . 


I 


1,000 


$4.50 to $5.26 






1 




Southampton, 

England. 


Aug., 
1893. 
Aug., 

i8ii. 


Scotch 

Welsh (Cardiff) . 
Cardiff 


3,000 


Large 

Larsre. . . 


$5.79 


Smiles 




Large.... 


















Oct, 
1896. 


Welsh 


10,000 


10,000 


$4.25 at wharf; 
$4.70 In stream. 






(Smokeless.) 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WOELD. 



109 



together with the usual supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 


Government 

coaling 

stations in 

vicinity. 


Coal mining in 
vicinity. 


Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

Initoiics). 


Remarks. 


By lighters in Harwich 
Harbor or in Felix- 
stowe Dock; or at Park- 
eston Quay, property 
of Great Eastern Rail- 
way Co.; 27i ft. along- 
side at H. W., 16 ft. at 
L.W. 




None 


Hull, 

Yarmo'Uth, 

Gravesend 

or Tilbury, 
London. 


Vessels of 17i ft. draught 
can go up to Ipswich at 
H. W., and enter docks 
through lock 300 ft. 
long, 50 ft. wide at en- 
trance. 






At coaling jetty, Tilbury 
Docks, or by lighters 
in river. 

• 






Hull, 

Grimsby, 

Kings Lynn, 

Harwich, 

LoTidon, 

Antwerp, 

Boulogne, 

Southampton. 


Properly included i n 
port of London, which 
extends to the Naze, 
near Harwich. 






By lighters in river 




None 


As for Tilbury. 
See Tilbury. 


See Remarks, Tilbury. 


Preferably in Royal Vic- 
toria and Royal Albert 
Docks, if permission be 
granted to enter with 
powder, or by lighters 
in river; Welsh and 
South Yorkshire coal 
brought by rail to 
ship's side in docks. 




None . 










At H. B. M. 
dockyar d, 
C hatham ; 
no facilities 
at Sheer- 
ness dock- 
yard for 
large ves- 
sels. 




As for TUbury. 


Construction of a coaling 
jetty for large vessels 
at Sheemess dockyard 
is projected. 

About 5,000 tons are in 
piles, weighed out, and 
ready to be put on board 
of the ships in the out- 
fitting basins; 32,000 
tons in all on hand, ex- 
clusive of that in the 
colliers at the collier 
dock. This coal is for 
the English fleet re- 
serve. 
















None 


Deposits near 
Dover,at Chan- 
nel Tunnel 
borings; to be 
developed. 


London, 

(Maw, 

Boulogne, 

Dieppe, 

Southampton. 


These ports afford coal- 
ing faculties only for 
vessels of about the 
size of the channel 
steamers; extensive 
improvements are pro- 
jected at Newhaven, 
to make the harbor 
available for vessels of 
the largest size. 




By lighters in harbor, for 
vessels other than Brit- 
ish men-of-war. 10 tons 
per 8 men per hour. 


At H. B. M. 
dockyard. 


None 


As for South- 
ampton. 


A new hydraulic plant 
has been installed to de- 
liver coal to H. B. M. 
ships with rapidity. 




By lighters alongside; no 
interruption. 

Steam colliers alongside; 
large baskets hoisted 
by steam at the rate of 
400 tons an hour. At 
new docks, hydraulic 
plant; very rapid. 






London, 

Antwerp, 

Boulogne, 

Havre, 

Cherbourg, 

Portland, 

Dartmouth, 

Plymouth. 


During temporary strike 
in Aug., 1893, there 
was no Cardiff coal at 
Southampton. . 







110 



COALIHra, DOCKING, AND EEPAIBINa 

Exhibit of coal to be Juid at the foUowing European Station ports, 



Name of port. 



Date. 



Eond of coal 
on hand. 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



Average 

supply during 

year. 



Cost per ton. 



Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 



Cowes, 

Isle of Wight, 
England. 

Portland.England. 



Dartmouth, 

England. 



Plymouth and 
Devonport, 
England. 



Falmouth, 

England. 



Nov., 
1889. 



Nov., 
1889. 



Nov. 



None for sale. 



Cardiff. 



No supply of conse- 
quence. 

Large supply. 



$4.! 



Cardiff 

North of Engl' d 



7,000 



Penzance, 



England. 



St. Marys Road, 

Scilly Ids. 



Appledore 
and Bideford, 

England. 



Bristol, England. . 



Sharpness and 
Gloucester, 
England. 



Newport, England. 



Aug., 
1890. 

Aug., 
1896. 



Sept., 
1883. 
Sept. 
1896. 



1892 



Sept., 
1883. 



Cardiff 



7,000 



1M.S8, f. 0. b. 
$4.26, f. 0. b. 



Large supply. 



South Wales. 
Newcastle 



Nov., 
1889. 



Sept., 
1896. 

1890 



Dec, 
1891. 



Cardiff 

South Wales. 



2, ,500 



2,000 
1,000 



Cardiff . 



Cardiff 



Welsh Steam . . 



Bituminous 

(Forest of Dean.) 



Monmouthshire 
and Sov.th Wales. 



240,000 tons received, 
1891. 



850 



Small supply maintained; 
brought from Cardiff 
by steam lighters as 
required. 

Plentiful. 



Ample supply. 



Large supply; upward 
of 2,800,000 tons ex- 
ported, 1891. 



S6.U to 
f.o.b. 



S4.26 



$4.56 to $4.80 
stowed. 

$4.60 



6.52 to $5.76 
f.o.b. 



8.47 to $8.71 
f . 0. b. 



$2.67 to $2.91 



$2.98 to $3.28 



i mile to li 
miles. 



FACILITIES OF THE P0BT8 OP THE WOBLD. 



Ill 



together with, the usual supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 



Government 

coaling 
stations in 
Ticinity. 



Coal mining in 
vicinity. 



Next eoaUng 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

in italics) . 



Kemarks. 



No Tegular facilities . 



From hulks in harbor; 
rather slow; no inter- 
ruption. 



Alongside hulk or from 
hulk brought alongside 
steamer; excellent fa^ 
cilities; no interrup- 
tion. 



By lighters at anchorage, 
or in Great Western 
docks; excellent facili- 
ties. 60 tons per hour. 



From hulks towed aJong- 
Bide at outer anchor- 
age; 10 to 30 tons per 
hour; sometimes inter- 
rupted by weather in 
winter. 



Alongside coal hulk in 
deep water; rapid; 
sometimes interrupted 
by heavy weather. 



From steam lighter along- 
side in docks; rapid; 
no interruption. 



Excellent facilities for 
rapid coaling in Sharp- 
ness New Docks, en- 
tered by lock 320 ft. by 
60 ft. by 24 ft. deep on 
sill. 



At coaling staithes in 
docks; very rapid; no 
interruption. 



British naval 
coal depot; 
works un- 
der con- 
struction; 
unfinished, 
1891. 



Portland, 
Devonport. 



Coalingjetty 
under con- 
strue ti on, 
1891, at 
dockyard, 
Keyham. 



Devonport. . 



None . 



None . 



None . 



None . 



None . 



None. 



None. 



None . 



None - 



None. 



None . 



None . 



Bristol district 
of Gloucester- 
shire; output, 
503,000 tons, 
1890. 



Forest of Dean, 
W.Gloucester- 
shire, about 
900,000 tons 
yearly output. 



Monmouthshire; 
6,895,000 tons 
output, 1890. 



As for South- 
ampton. 



London, 

Antwerp, 

Southampton. 

Boulogne, 

Havre, 

Cherbourg, 

Dartmouth, 

Plymouth. 



Southampton, 

Portland, 

Havre, 

Cherbourg, 

Brest, 

Plynmtlhy 

Falmouth, 

Queenstown. 



Southampton, 

Portland, 

Dartmouth, 

Brest, 

Falmouth, 

Queenstown. 



Portland, 

Dartmouth, 

Plymouth, 

Brest, 

Queenstown, 

Cardiff. 



See Falmouth. 



Plymouth, 

Falmxmth, 

Queenstown, 



Cardiff. 



Milford, 
Swamea, 
Cardiff, 
Bristol. 



Nenmort, 

Cardiff, 

Barry, 

Swansea, 

Milford. 



As for Bristol. 



See Cardiff. 



Total receipts during 
1891 amounted to 2,700 
tons. 



Both harbors are dry at 
L. W.; good anchorage 
in the Fool. 



Bristol, Avonmouth, and 
Portishead docks are 
available for vessels of 
the largest size. 



Ship canal, without looks 
from Sharpness to Glou- 
cester, 16 miles, is avail- 
able for vessels 320 ft. 
long, 33 ft. beam, and 
13 to 15 ft. draught. 



Monmouthshire coals are 
commonly known else- 
where as Welsh or Car- 
diff, the deposits form- 
ing a continuation of 
the Glamorganshire 
coal fields. 



112 



COALING, DOCKING, AND KEPAIRING 

Exhibit of coal to be had at the following European Station ports, 



Name of port. 



Kind of coal 
on hand. 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



Average 

supply during 

year. 



Cost per ton. 



Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 



Cardlfl and 
^ Penarth, 

Wales. 



Barry, Wales. 



Swansea, Wales 



Llanelly and 
Burry Port, 
Wales. 



Milford Haven 
and Pembroke, 
Wales. 



Holyhead, Wales - 



Liverpool and 
Birkenhead, 
England. 



Fleetwood, 

England. 



Barrow, England. 



Whitehaven, 
Workington, 
and Maryport, 
England. 



Jan. 

1891 

June, 

1891. 

Dec, 

1891. 

Aug., 



Dec. 

1891. 



Dec. 
1891. 



Aug. 
1896. 



Sept. 
188S. 
Dec, 
1891. 



Glamorganshire 

Best steam 

Best steam 



Best steam 

Second quality 

Patent fuel 

Smokeless Tred- 
egar. 



Cardiff . 



Best steam 

Second quality . 

Anthracite 

(Vale of Neath.) 
Patent fuel 

Anthracite 

Bituminous 



Merthyr . . . 
Anthracite 
Merthyr . . . 
Anthracite 



Welsh anthracite 
Powell's Duffryn 



Large supply; up- 
ward of 11,600,000 
tons exported, 1891. 

Unlimited. 



See Cardiff. 



Large supply; up- 
ward of 1,900,000 
tons exported, 1891. 



5,000 to 
10,000. 



^.65 to $3.77 
S3.41 to $3.63 

$3.16 to $3.28 

$2.98 to $3.04 

$2.92 to $2.98 

$2.50 



As at Cardiff. 



$3.16 to $3.28 
$2.98 to $3.04 



2,500 
2,500 
209,000 tons ex- 
ported, 1891. 



Large supply. 



a.92 to $2.98 
52.19 to $2.43 



$2.49 

$2.43 

!.98 to $3.28 



400 
Newton 
Noyes 
Deep 
Water 
Pier. 



Nov., 
1889. 



Dec, 
1891. 



Cardiff 

Lancashire . 



Lancashire . 



400 

Large quanti- 
ties at short 
notice. 



ooj 



Dec, 
1891. 



1891 



Dec, 
1891. 



Lancashire . 



Cumbrian . 



Large supply; about 
100,000 tons shipped 
per month. 



Large supply on hand 
or available. 



Large supply. 



Large supply on hand 
or available. 



84.38 f. o. b. 



$5.35 f.o.b. 

$4.14 f.o.b. 
24 cents extra 
per ton when 
hulk is 
brought 
alongside. 

$2.43; stowing, 
per ton, 24 
cents. 



As at Liverpool 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 



113 



together wtth the usual suppyl on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 



In docks, available for 
largest vessels' afloat; 
most improved modem 
facilities for rapid coal- 
ing; no interruption; or 
by steam lighters in 
Penarth Eoads; rapid; 
liable to interruption 
by high winds from 
S. andE.; 40 to 80 tons 
per hour. 

In Barry Docks; accom- 
modation for largest 
vessels afloat; best fa- 
cilities; very rapid. 

In docks at coaling 
staithes; rapid; no in- 
terruption; or by steam 
lighters alongside at 
anchorage; high winds 
from BSE. may inter- 
rupt. 

New hydraulic coal tips 
fitted on piers, at which 
vessels of less than 24 
ft. draft can coal. 

In docks, available for 
vessels of 1,000 or 3,000 
tons; rapid; no inter- 
ruption. 



In Milford Docks, availa- 
ble for the largest ves- 
sels at Newton Noyes 
Deep Water Pier; at 
coal drops. New Mil- 
ford; or by lighterw in 
Milford Haven; no in- 
terruption in any case. 

Alongside hulk or from 
hulk brought along- 
side; sometimes inter- 
rupted by northerly 
winds. 



In docks at coaling 
staithes, or from flats 
alongside; rapid; no 
interruption. 



Coal tips in Wyre Dock; 
rapid; no interruption. 



In Barrow Docks, or at 
anchorage, Piel Eoad. 



Coaling staithes in docks; 
Whitehaven and Mary- 
port docks are availa- 
ble for vessels of con- 
siderable size. 



Government 

coaling 

stations in 

vicinity. 



None. 



None. 



None. 



None. 



None. 



Coal mining in 
vicinity. 



Glamorganshire: 
21,426,000 tons 
output, 1890. 



See Cardiff. 



As for Cardiff. . . 



Gwendreath and 
Trimsaran val- 
veys; anthra- 
cite. 



Pembrokeshire; 
Welsh anthra- 
cite. 



None . 



Extensive, i n 
Lancashire. 



Extensive, i n 
Lancashire. 



None in imme- 
diate vicinitv. 



Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

in italics) . 



Remarks. 



Falmouth, 

Bristol, 

Newport, 

Swansea, 

Milford, 

Queenstowu, 

Dublin, 

Liverpool. 



As for Cardiff. 



Falmouth, 

Cardiff, 

Llanelly, 

Milford, 

Queenstown, 

Dublin, 

Liverpool. 



Cardiff, 

Swansea, 

Milford, 

Queenstown, 

Dublin, 

Liverpool. 

Cardiff, 

Swansea, 

Llanelly, 

Queenstowu, 

Dublin, 

Holyhead, 

Liverpool. 



Cardiff, 

Swansea, 

Milford, 

Queenstown, 

Dublin, 

Liverpool, 

Belfast. 

Cardiff, 

Swansea, 

Milford, 

Queenstown, 

Dublin, 

Holyhead, 

Fleetwood, 

Barrow, 

Belfast, 

Glasgow. 

See Liverpool. 



Liverpool, 
Fleetwood, 
Whitehaven, 
Belfast. 



Port of Cardiff gives Its 
name I" all coals of the 
district. 



Subport of Cardiff; on 
Barry Island, distant 20 
miles. 



Coast of Cumber- Liverpool, 
land; White- | Fleetwood, 
haven mines ' Barrow, 
extend under j Belfast, 
the sea. i Greenock, 

Glasgow. 



Output for Carmarthen- 
shire, 1890. amounted to 
762,000 tons. 



Total output of Pem- 
brok e .s h i r c mines 
during 1890 amounted 
to 72,000 tons. 



Total output of mines of 
Cumberland in 1890 
amounted to 1,740,000 
tons. 



12477- 



114 



COALING, DECKING, AND KEPAIRING 

Exhibit of coal to he had at thefoUowinff European Slnlio)t ports, 



Name of port. Date! ^'""V^'T"' ot each at 
: on nana. g^jg_ 



Average 

supply during 

year. 



Cost per ton. 



Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 



Campbeltown, 1891 Scotch i Supply maintained for 

Scotland. | coasting steamers. 



.\yr. Troon, 
Irviiie, and 
Ardro,<!san, 
Scotland. 



Dec, 
1 1S91. 



Scotch 

(Ayrshire. ) 



Greenock and Nov., Scotch 

Port Glasgow, i 1889. (Lanark .<! h i r e 
Scotland. 1 and Stirling- 
shire.) 
Cardiff 



Large supply; s h i p - 
ments amount to about 
100,000 tons per month. 



3,000 



Atlg., Steam . 
1896. 



Unlimited. 



$1.95 f.o.b. at 
coal tips. 



$2.80 f.o.b. at 
chutes; $3.16 
f. o. b. by 
lighters. 

$5.84 f.o.b. at 
chutes; $6.20 
f. 0. b. b y 
lighters. 



Port Glasgow, Aug., 

Scotland. I 1894. 



Dumbarton. 

Scotland. 

Glasgow, Scotland. 



1891 Scotch. 



Oban, Scotland. 



Stomoway, 
Island ot Lewis, 
Hebrides. 

Londonderry, 

Ireland. 



Dec, Scotch: 



1891. 



Nov., 
1889. 



Aug., 
1896 



Larue, Ireland 1891 



Belfast, Ireland.. 



Sept. 
1896. 



Steam . 
Splint . 



Cardiff 

North of Engl'd. 
Scotch 



Scotch.. 
English. 
Welsh .. 



English. 
Scotch , . 
Welsh . . 



Dublin, Ireland iSept., Welsh . 

1893. English. 

1 Scotch.. 

I Sept.,' Scotch.. 

1896. j English. 

' Welsh.. 



Kingston, Ireland .Sept. 
1893. 



Wexford, Ireland. 



Waterford, Ireland Sept., 
1883. 



Welsh . . 
English. 
Scotch . . 



Cardiff. 



I 



Large supply. 



1,000 
1,000 
1,000 



500 
500 
500 



Ample supply. 



1,000 
1,000 
1,000 

10,000 



500 to 600 
500 to 600 
500 to 600 



73,000 tons received by 
sea during year. 

Small supply. 



$2.43 to $2.55 
$2.31 



$6.45 f. o. b. 
$4.14 f.o.b. 
$3.65 f.o.b. 



$3.00 to $3.50 



[At wharves, in 

docks. 
[ $2.50 to $3.75 



$4.70 J. o.b. 
{3.16 to $4.14 



$4.90 f.o.b. 



i mile . 



i mile . 



$4.86 stowed, i mile 



FACILITIES OF THE POETS OF THE WOKIiD. 



115 



together mlh the usual supply on hand, cod, etc. — Continued. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc, 


Government 

coaling 

stations in 

vicinity. 


Next coaling 
Coal mining in ports en route 
vicinity. (the nearest 
in italics) . 


Remarks. 


At anchorage, Campbel- 
town Lock; no inter- 
ruption. 


None 




Belfast, 

Greenock, 

Glasgow. 


Total receipts of coal. 






30,752 tons, 1891. 


The best facilities are 
those afforded by the 
wet docks at Ayr; rapid 
no Interruption; exten- 
sive harbor improve- 
ments at Ardrossan 
nearly completed. 


None 


Extensive, i n Belfast, 
Ayrshire: out- Campbeltown, 
put, 3,160,000 Greenock, 
tons, 1890. Dumbarton, 
Glasgow. 




At coal chutes; best facil- 
ities afforded in James 
Watt Docks, Greenock, 
available for largest 
vessels afloat; by light- 
ers at anchorage, if 
preferred. 10 tons per 
hatch per hour. 


None 


Extensive; Een- 
f rewshire, 
Dumbarton- 
shire, Lanark- 
shire, and 
Stirlingshire. 


Liverpool, 

Holyhead, 

Dublin, 

Belfast, 

Ardrosaan, 

Glasgow, 

Campbeltown, 

Stomoway. 


Coal shipments from 
Greenock amount to 
from 6,000 to 8,000 tons 
per month. 


By cranes, with 5 to 20 
tons; rapid. 


















By lighters in river 


None 


See Greenock . . . 


See Greenock. 


Output, 1890, Dumbarton- 
shire, 340,000 tons. 


Best facilities at north 
quay. Queen's Dock 
(tidal); hydraulic 
cranes, etc.; rapid; no- 
interruption. 


None 


See Greenock . . . 

Total output of 
Lanarkshire 
mines (1890), 
13,585,000 tons. 


See Greenock. 


Exportation of coal from 
Glasgow amounts to 
about 60,000 tons per 
month. 




None 


None 


Campbeltown, 
Stornoway. 










From hulks in harbor: 
no interruption. 


None 


None 


Stromness, 

Campbeltown, 

Belfast. 


Coal receipts during the 
year 1891 amounted to 
8,700 tons. 




10 to 12 tons per hour 


None 




Campbeltown, 
Greenock, 
. Belfast. 








At pier; 18 ft. alongside 
at L. W. 


None 




Londonderry, 

Ba/aet, 

Greenock. 






S. S. Co., Glasgow to 
New York. 


Preferably at wharves in 
docks for vessels not ex- 
ceeding 16 ft. draught. 
Rapid, 100 tons per hour. 


None 




Greenock, 

Londonderry, 

LarTie, 

Barrow, 

Dublin, 

Holyhead, 

Liverpool. 








300 to iOO tons a day by 
lighters. 


None 


None . 


Greenock, 
Belfast, 
Kingston, 
Holyhead, 
Liverpool, 
.Milford, 
Cardiff, 
Queenstown. 








300 tons a day by lighters. 


None 


None 


See Dublin. 






None 


None in immp.- 
diate vicinity. 


Dublin, 
Waterford. 








Alongside wharf boats, 
by bags; 100 tons per 
! day; no interruption. 


None 


Anthracite, 
about 30 miles 
distant, near 
Castleco m e r ; 
output small. 


Holyhead, 
Dublin, 
Milford, 
Queenstown. 


Total coal receipts by 
sea, 1891, amounted to 
207,000 tons. 



116 



COALING, DOCKING, AND BEPAIBING 

Exhibit of coal to be had at tlie foUomng European Station ports, 



Name of port. 


Date. 


Kind of coal 
on hand. 


Tons 

of each at 

date. 


Average 

supply during 

year. 


Cost per ton. 


. Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 


Queenstown 


July, 
1893. 


Newport 


Ample... 


Ample 


»4.87 




and Cork, 
Ireland. 






Aug., 
18%. 


Newport 

Scotch 


3,000 


Ample 


$4.46 














Whitehaven.... 




1891 




111,000 tons received by 










sea during year. 






Galway, Ireland... 


1891 




21,000 tons received by 
sea during year. 














Sligo, Ireland . . . . 


1891 




31,000 tons received by 
sea during year. 














Reikiavik, Iceland 


1881 


Bituminous 


Smal 


1 supply. 


Prices moder- 
ate. 


About} mile. 


Vadso, Norway 


1891 


Bitiaminous 




4,800 tons, to- 
tal importa- 
tion, 1890. 


















1889 






10,000 tons 
imported 
annually. 












• 






1891 






7,400 tons im- 
ported, 1890. 




About 3 mile. 


Norway. 








Tromso, Norway. . . 


1890 


Bituminous 




20,000 tons 
imported 
annually. 
















Bodo, Norway 


1891 


Bituminous 




25,000 tons 
imported, 
1890. 








(Great Britain.) 








Namsos, Norway . . 


July, 
1890. 


British 




1,500 tons im- 
ported per 
year. 


84.87 












Trondhjem, 


1891. 


Bituminous 




66,000 tons 
imported, 
1890. 






Norway. 


(Not specified.) 








Cbristiansund, 


1891 


Bituminous 




11,000 tons 
importe d , 
1890. 






Norway. 


(Not specified.) 








Bergen, Norway... 


July, 
1896. 


Durham bunker 
Nixon Naviga- 
tion. 

Newcastle 

Cardiff.... 




f 


$3.22 
$4.55 

S3. 84 

S4.28 

Stowing, 18e. 






Plentiful. 












Haugesund, 


1890 


Bituminous 




12,000 tons 
imported 
per year. 






Norway. 


(Not specified.) 








Stavanger, Norway 


Jan., 
1884. 
Aug., 
1896. 

1891 


English 


} 2,500 


2,000| 
1,500 to 2,000 

5,500 tons 


$4.32 stowed. 

$3.84 stowed. 

$8.75 


Short 






Egersund, Norway. 


Bituminous 








(Not specified.) 




imported, 
1890. 







FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 



117 



together wilh the usual supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 



At wharves or from light- 
ers; by baslsets in each 
ease; best facilities at 
Queenstown; no inter- 
ruption. 

By lighters with cranes; 
coal in bags of 123 lbs. 
was put in bunkers; 
crew stowed coal; 20 
tons an hour. 



In bags from coal shed to 
lighters, then to ship; 
very slow; no interrup- 
tion. 



By lighters. 



By lighters from coal 
sheds; slow; no inter- 
ruption. 



Rapid; no interruption; 
harbor open through- 
. out the year. 



Slow; harbor exposed to 
northerly winds; free 
from ice throughout 
winter; 50 to 60 tons 
per hour. 



Government 

coaling 

stations in 

vicinity. 



At H B. M. 
dockyard, 
Haulbow- 
line: sev- 
eral thou- 
sand tons. 



None. 

None . 
None . 
None . 

None . 
None . 



None . 



None . 



None . 



None . 



None. 



None . 



None . 



None . 



Coal mining in 
vicinity. 



Anthracite, 2C to 
30 miles to NW., 
beyond M a 1- 
low; chiefly 
used for kilns. 



Deposits to SW. 
between Tralee 
and Killarney. 

None 

None 

None 



None . 



None . 



None . 



None - 



None . 



None . 



None . 



None . 



None . 



None . 



Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

in italics) . 



Remarks. 



Liverpool, 

Dublin, 

Waierford, 

Milford, 

Swansea, 

Cardiff, 

Falmouth, 

Limerick. 



Queenstown, 
Galway. 



Limerick, 
Sligo. 

Galway, 
Londonderry. 

St.Johns,N.F. 

Lermick, 

Hammerfest, 

Trondhjem, 

Bergen. 

Vardo, 
Hammerfest. 



Vaim, 
Hammerfest. 



Vadso, 
Vardo, 
Tromso, 
Trondhjem. 

Hammerfest, 
Trondhjem, 
Bodo. 

Tromso, 
Namsos, 
Trondhjem. 

Tromso, 
Bodo, 

Trondhjem. 

Bodo, 
Namsos, 
Christiansund, 
Bergen. 

Trondhjem, 
Bergen. 



Trondhjem, 
Christiansund, 
Haugesund, 
Stavanger. 



Bergen, 

Stavanger, 

Christiansand 

Bergen, 
Haugesund, 
Egersund, 
Christiansand. 



Bergen, 

Stavanger, 

Christiansand. 



Newport coal is only a 
fair steaming coal. It 
stows at the rate of 45 
cubic ft. to the ton. 



Two coal-dealing firms at 
this port. 



Depth harbor entrance, 
H.W.,22ft.;L.W.,16ft.; 
being deepened, 1891. 



Harbor is usually open 
throughout the year. 



Rail connection to city 
of Christiania and to 
Sweden. 



Importation of coal, 1890, 
amounted to 140,000 
tons. 



25,000 tons of coal im- 
ported, 1890. 



Rail connection to Sta- 
vanger. 



M 



118 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Exhibit of coal to be had al the following European Station ports, 



Name of port. 


Date. 


Kind of coal 
on hand. 


Tons 

of each at 

date. 


Average 

supplyduring 

year. 


Cost per ton. 


Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 




1896 

Dec. 
1883. 

1891 




1 

1 1,400 


2,000 to 3,000 

1,400 

35,000 tons 
importe d , 
1890. 


$4.00 to $5.50 

$4.32 at pile; 
$4.86 afong- 
side ; $5.40 
stowed. 


Pile to light- 
ers, 50 to 
100 yds. 

J to } mile... 


Norway. 


Newcastle 


Arendal, Norway.. 


Welsh . 




Porsgrund, and 
Sklen, Norway. 

Laurvig, and 
Frederilcsvaem, 
Norwg.y. 

Sandefiord, 


Bituminous 


(Not specified.) 




















Norway. 


1891 






10,000 tons 
imported 
per year. 








(Not specified.) 








Drammen, Norway 


1891 

Dec, 
1883. 
Oct., 
1896. 

1891 


Bituminous 




40,000 tons 
importe d , 
1890. 

9,000{ 
40,000 

15,000 to 20,000 
tons import- 
ed annually. 






Ghristiania, 


(Not specified.) 
Welsh . . 


1 10,000 


$4.32 stowed. 


1 mile 


Norway. 


English 




Newcastle 

Cardiff 


$4.00 




Scotch... 




Moss, Norway 




Frederikstad, 










Norway. 
Frederikshald, 


1891 
1891 

Sept., 
1883. 

1887 
Dec, 
1888. 
Sept., 
1896. 


Bituminous 




10,000 tons im- 
ported, 1890. 

maintained 
of steamers 
in, 

1 5,000 






Norway. 
Frederikshavn, 


Bituminous 

Welsh . . 


A supplj 
for use 
calling 

2,000 
4,000 






Denmark. 

.Gothenburg, 

Sweden, 


$3.00 to $4.50; 
delivery and 
stowing, per 
ton 42 cenfe. 
$8.65 to $3.89. 

$3.41 to $3.65 


For vessels 
of 20 ft. 
draught, 4 
miles. 


English 




Welsh 




Welsh 








English 




100,000 









FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 



119 



together with the usual supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 


Government 

coaling 

stations in 

vicinity. 


Coal mining In 
vicinity. 


Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

in italiai} . 


Remarks. 


In outer harbor by light- 
ers: rarely interrupted; 
20 tons per hour. 

By lighters; 100 tons per 
day. 




None 


Stavanger, 

Egersund, 

Arendal, 

Christiania, 

Gothenburg. 

Stavanger, 

Christiansand, 

Porsgrund, 

Christiania, 

Gothenburg. 

Christiansand, 

Arendal, 

Tonsberg, 

Moss, 

Christiania, 

Gothenburg. 

Porsgrund, 
and as for 
Porsgrund. 

See Laurvig. 

See Christi- 
ania. 

See Christi- 
ania. 

See Chri.sti- 
anla. 

Christiansand, 

Arendal, 

Horten, 

Drammen, 

Moss, 

Gothenburg. 

See Christi- 
ania. 

Moss, 

Frederikshald, 

Gothenburg 

See Frederick- 
stad. 

Gothenburg, 
and as for 
Gothenburg. 

Christiansand, 

Christiana, 

Moss, 

Frederikshald, 

Frederikshavn, 

Helsingborg, 

Elsinore, 

Copenhagen. 




None 


None 


14,000 tons of coal im- 


None 


ported from Great Brit- 
ain, 1890. 

Open all the year: depth 




Norwegian 
Govt, dock- 
yard at Fred- 
eriksvaern. 


None 


at entrance, Porsgrund, 
19 ft. ; Skien, being deep- 
ened to 19 ft., 1890; rail 
connection from Skien 
to Christiania. 


















Norwegian 

Government 

dockyard. 

Horten 

Horten 

Horten 




exceeding 17 ft. 
draught; harbor closed 
by ice during five 
months of the year. 






Entrance to harbor deep- 
ened to 21 ft. , 1890; open 
all the year. 

Coal importation, 300,000 


By lighters; rapid; no in- 
terruption; 15 tons per 
hour. 




None 


tons, 1896. 




None 












in outer harbor or in 
roads. 

At wharf lor vessels not 
exceedingl6ift.draught; 
or by lighters; baskets or 
tubs used in either case; 
slow; rarely interrupted 
by weather; 17 tons per 
hour. 


None 

None 






About 80 miles 
to southward, 
near Helsing- 
borg; limited 
output. 


400,000 tons imported 
1890, chiefly Welsh. 



120 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Exhibit of cnal to he had at the follovmig European Station ports, 



Name of port. 


Dale. 


Kind of eoal 
on hand. 


Tons 

of each at 

date. 


Average 

supply during 

year. 


Cost per ton. 


Distance 

from eoal pile 

to ship. 


Helsingborg, 

Sweden. 


1891 

Oct., 
1896. 

Sept., 
1883. 

Oct., 
1896. 

1892 






68,000 tons im- 
ported, 1890. 

.5, 000 
20,000 






(Chiefly Welsh.) 


1 


$4. 00 to $10. 00 

$4.56 stowed. 
$4.38 stowed. 
$4.20 stowed. 

$3. 70 to $4. 20 
$4. 70 to $5. 20 
$3. 70 to $4. 20 
$4. 70 to $5. 20 


At wharf, 60 
ft.; in roads, 
y mile. 








J 

2,000 
7,000 
6,000 

■2,8.W 


Elsinore, Denmark 


Cardiff 

West Hartley... 
Scotch 




Welsh Steam ... 
Scotch 




Nixon's Navi- 
gation. 


57,800 tons im- 
ported, 1891. 

30,000{ 

25, 000 to 50, 000 
2, 500 to 5, 000 

} !l, 000 

28,000 tons im- 
ported, 1890. 

} 7,000 { 

Receipts by 
sea per year, 
13,000 to 
20,000 tons. 

8,000 tons im- 
ported, 1889. 

} 2.000{ 

naintained for 


Sweden. 
Copenhagen, 


Aug., 

1885. 


Welsh 


} 

I 


$7.00 to $8.00 

stowed. 
Delivery a ii d 

stowing, per 

ton, 71 to 98 

cents. 

$3. 50 to SJ. 00 
$5. 60 to $6. 25 

$3.36 to $4.08; 
delivery and 
stowing, per 
ton, 62 cents. 


Inner roads, 
available 
for vessels 
of 23 ft. 
draught, f 
to i mile; 
outerroads, 
2 to 3 miles. 

At wharf, 
2,000 ft.; at 
anchorage 
in roads, 2 
miles. 




Sept., 
1896. 

Sept., 
1883. 

1891 

Sepl., 
jss:v 

IK91 

1S90 

Sept., 
1883. 

1891 


Newcastle 

West Hartley... 
Welsh Steam... 
Nixon's Navi- 
gation. 








12,300 
2,600 




Scotch 






Rotine, 

Ifl.of Bornholm, 


West Hartley.. - 
Yorkshire 

Bituminous . 


1,000 
1,000 


$5.50 f. 0. b. 


Short 


Denmark. 
Karlskrona, 




Sweden. 











Sweden. 
Norrkoping, 


English 

Scotch 


.■iOO 
1,.'>00 

A.siupplVl 


$4.86 stowed. 


About 500 ft.. 


Slite, 


Bituminous 

(Not specified.) 




Jd. of Gothland, 
Sweden. 


uscof.st 
in. 


earners calling 







FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 



121 



logetiier lolth the um.fil supply on hand, coat, etc. — Continued. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 



25 tons per hour. 



Alongside wharf, availa- 
ble lor vessels of 21 ft. 
draught; or hy lighters; 
in barrels, by weight; 
regulated by eustomsoili 
cials; 6| barrels to the 
ton; rapid; ice in Jan- 
uary and February. 



By lighters of about 50 
tons capacity, towed ofE 
by tugs or launches; li- 
able to interruption by 
northerly winds in outer 
roads; 30 to 60 tons per 
hour. 



At wharf, available for 
vessels of 17 ft. draught; 
or by lighters; rapid in 
either case; sometimes 
interrupted in roads by 
gales. 



Alongside bulkhead, 
available for vessels of 
17 to 18 ft. draught; 
rapid. 



By lighters for vessels ex- 
ceeding 16 ft. draught; 
outer harbor seldom 
closed by Ice in winter. 



By lighters; rapid; or at 
wharf for vessels of 16 
ft. draught. 



Government 

coaling 

stations in 

vicinity. 



Danish, at 
Copenha- 
gen. 



Danish, at 
Copenha- 
gen. 



Danish, at 
Copenha- 
gen. 

Danish Gov- 
ernmen t 
dockyard; 
2,0CD tons 
Cardiff and 
Newcast 1 e 
o n hand, 
Aug., 1886. 



Danish, at 
Copenha- 
gen. 



None- 



SwedishGov- 
ernmen t 
dockyard. 



None . 



Stockholm 



None . 



Coal mining in 
vicinity. 



Hoganas, Stab- 
barp, and Rod- 
dinge coal 
fields; limited 
output, eon- 
sumed by 
State rail- 
ways and for 
local uses. 

Near Helsing- 
borg, Sweden; 
limited out- 
put; not used 
for marine 
purposes. 



As for Helsing- 
borg. 



None in Den- 
mark. 



To the north- 
ward, near 
Helsingborg; 
limited out- 
put. 

None in imme- 
diate vicinity. 



Deposits on S. 
and SW. coasts 
of island, un- 
developed. 



None . 



Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

in italics) . 



See Elsinore 
and Copen- 
hagen. 



Christiansand 
Christiania, 
Gothenburg, 
Frederiks- 

havn, 
Helsingborg, 
Landskrona, 
Copenhagen. 
Malmo, 
Kiel, 
Ronne, 
Stettin, 
Dantzic. 

See Elsinore 
and Copen- 
hagen. 

Christiansand, 
Christiania, 
Gothenburg, 
Frederiks- 

havn, 
Helsingborg, 
Elsinore, 
Landskrona, 
Malmo, 
Kiel, 
Ronne, 
Stettin, 
Dantzic. 

See Copenha- 
g e n and 
Elsinore. 



Copenhagen, 

Malmo, 

Bonne. 

Copenhagen, 

Ysiad, 

Stettin, 

Dantzic, 

Karlskrona. 



Copenhagen, 

Sonne, 

Slite, 

Norrkoping, 

Stockholm. 



Karlskrona, 

Norrkoping, 

Stockholm. 



Karlskrona, 
Oscarshamn, 
Stockholm. 



Karlskrona, 

Libau, 

Stockholm. 



Extensive harbor im- 
provements in prog- 
ress, nearly finished, 
Dec, 1891. 



Importation of coal, 1891, 
amounted to 219,000 
tons, chiefly from Great 
Britain. 



Harbor is usually open 
throughout winter. 



Harbor seldom ice bound 
in winter. 



Harbor usuallyobstructed 
by ice from December 
to May. 



122 



COALING, DOCKING, AND BEP AIRING 

Exhibit of coal to he had at Die foUow'mg European Station ports, 



Name of port. 


Date. 


Kind of coal 
on hand. 


Tons 

of each at 

date. 


Average 

supply during 

year. 


Cost per ton. 


Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 




Aug., 
1885. 

Sept., 
1896. 

1891 
Sept., 

im. 

Sept., 
1883. 

Sept., 
1883. 


British 


16,000 
1 


12,000 


$4.87 to S&.36; 
delivery and 
stowing, per 
ton, 36 cents. 

Moderate 


About 100 ft.. 
Very short. . . 


Sweden. 


Welsh 




Newcastle 

Scotch 


1 Large. 




Bituminous 




coalir 

3,600 
1,600 

500 

800 
400 


g station. 

} 5,000| 

500 
} 2,000 


J4.00 stowed. 


According to 
draught; 13i 
ft., i mile; 20 
ft., 5 miles. 

2 miles for 19 
ft. draught; 
larger ves- 
sels, about 
Smiles. 

Short 




Wdsh 


Soderhamn, 


Welsh 


$4.80 stowed. 

$4.59 alongside; 
$4.93 t» $5.07 
stowed. 


Sweden. 
Sundsvall, Sweden 


English 








Nov., 
1883. 
Sept., 
1896. 

Sept., 
1883. 

Jan., 
1884. 

July, 
1888. 

July, 
1895, 

July, 
1896. 

July, 
1888. 
July, 
1896. 

1891 
Dec., 


Welsh 


2,000 
1,600 

2,000 
400 


} 3,000{ 
2,000 

200 
12,OOo| 


$6.96 stowed. 
$6.24 stowed. 

$4.26 
$5.76 stowed. 

$4.40 stowed. 

$3.80 stowed. 

$3.32 stowed. 

$4.87f.o.b. 

$4.74 in the 
harbor; $5.47 
stowed In 
bunkers. 

$5.00 

$4.87f.o.b. 

$5.00 


Short 

i mile to 6 
miles. 


and Sveaborg, 
Eussia. 


English 

Newcastle 

Cardiff 




Scotch 


Wiborg, Russia 


English 

Welsh 




English 

Scotch 


2,666 










Newcastle 

English 


Small.... 






\200 to 400 

Amp 

1 1,300,000 






St. Petersburg, 

Russia. 


Newcastle 

English 


e supply, 
yearly import. 

50,000 tons 
imported 
per year. 




Revel, Russia 


Bituminous 




(Not specified.) 










1894. 













FACILITIES OF THE POETS OF THE "WOELD. 



123 



together ilnth the usual supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 



Government 

coaling 

stations in 

vicinity. 



Coal mining in 
vicinity. 



Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

in Holies) . 



Remarks. 



Alongside wharves or by 
lignters; rapid; no in- 
terruption; harbor 
kept open In winter. 

Rapid; 800 tons per day. 



At pier, or by lighter 
from the coaling sta- 
tion. 



By lighters of -50 to 160 
tons capacity; liability 
to Interruption in No- 
vember andDecember; 
vessels exceeding 20 ft. 
draught anchor at Bo- 
nan, 8 miles . distant. 

By lighters; no interrup- 
tion except for vessels 
anchored in roads at 
Lilljungfrau, 8 miles 
from Gefle, in case of 
NE. gales. 

Alongside wharf by 
crane, or from lighters 
alongside; rapid; some- 
times interrupted in 
autumn. 



By lighters; no interrup- 
tion during season of 
navigation; 50 tons per 
hour. 



By lighters; vessels of 15 
ft..araught can not ap- 
proach nearer than 
the outer port, Grang- 
sound, 10 nules distant. 



By lighters, in harbor or 
in roads; slow; port 
closed in winter; liable 
to interruption in roads 
during September and 
October by storms. 

By lighters, in inner 
harbor is rapid; in the 
roads slow, owing to 
the swell and winds; 
10 to 20 tons per hour. 



Swedish, at 
dockyard ; 
about4,000 
tons, usual 
supply. 



Stockholm . 



None in im- 
mediate 
vicinity. 



None. 



None . 



None - 



None . 



None . 



None . 



None . 



None . 



By lighters in river 
Neva; slow; no inter- 
ruption during season 
of navigation; 10 to 20 
tons per hour. 

By lighters in harbor, 
available for vessels oi 
21 to 22 ft. draught. 



Russian Gov- 
ernment 
dockyard. 



None. 



None . 



None . 



Karlskrona, 

Norrkoping, 

Orearund, 

Gefle, 

Revel, 

Helsingfors. 



Stockholm, 
Gefle, 

Soderhamn, 
Abo. 

Stockholm, 

Oregrwnd, 

Soderhamn, 

Sundsvall, 

Abo, 

Helsingfors, 

Revel. 

Stockholm, 

Oregrund, 

Gefle, 

Simdsvall, 

Abo. 



Stockholm, 

Oregrund, 

Gefle, 

Soderhamn, 

Abo. 

Stockholm, 

Oregrund, 

Helsingfors. 

Stockholm, 

Abo, 

Wiborg, 

Gronstedt, 

St. Petersburg, 

Sevel 

Stockholm, 
Helsingfors, 
Oronstadt, 
St. Petersburg, 
Revel. 



Stockholm, 

Helsingfors, 

Wiborg, 

St. Petersburg, 

Revel, 

Riga. 



SeeCronstadt. 



Cronstadt, 



Stockholm, 
Riga. 



400,000 tons of coal im- 
ported, 1889, almost 
wholly from Grea} 
Britain. 



99,000 tons of coal 
ported, 1899. 



Coal imports during the 
year 1889 amounted to 
20,000 tons. 



Coal imports during the 
year 1889 amounted to 
16,000 tons. 



Total coal receipts per 
year by sea, 4,000 to 
5,000 tons (1890) . 



Government will furnish 
coal to men-of-war. 

Port can be reached by 
the ship canal by ves- 
sels of 18 to 20 ft. 
draught. 



Port open from April to 
December. 



The port of Revel rarely 
freezes. 



124 



COALING, DOCKING, AND KEP AIRING 

Exhibit of coat to be had at the following European Station ports, 



Name of port. 



Riga, Russia. 



Libau, Russia.. 



Memel, Germany.. 



Pillau and 

Konigsberg;, 
Germany. 



Dantzie, Germany 



1884 



Aug., 
1896. 



1891 



1888 



Sept., 
1883. 



Sept., 
1883. 



Nov., 
1888. 



Swinemunde 
and Stettin, 
Gennany. 



Lubeck, Germany . 



Kiel, Germany ... 



Flensburg, 

Germany. 



Sept., 



Sept., 
1883. 

Jan., 
1890. 



Sept. 
1894. 



Sept. 
1896. 



Kind of coal 
on hand. 



English . 

English. . 
Gennan . 



Bituminous . 



Scotch. . 
English. 



Scotch.. 
Silesian. 



Welsh 

North of Engl'd, 
Silesian 



West Hartlepool 

Scotch 

Silesian 



Silesian 

Newcastle . 
Welsh 



West Hartley - 

German 

West Hartley- 



Scotch 

Westphalian. 



Cardiff 

Newcastle 

Scotch 

Westphalian . 

Scotcn 

Newcastle 

Welsh 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



4,000 
20,000 



6,000 
1,500 



3,000 
1,000 



Average 

supply during 

year. 



6,000 



60,000 tons 
imported 
per year. 

60,000 to70,000 
tons import- 
ed per year. 



10, 



ooo| 



I 3,000{ 



Cost per ton. 



14.08 to $4.32 
stowed. 

84.00 to $5.00 



Plentiful. 



3,000 I 3,000 

Large supply. 

' 68,260 tons 
imported, 



I 68,260 tons [ 
\ imported, ■! 
J 1889. I 



Comparatively small 
supply 



1,600 

1,600 

3,000 

Large 



Importsl893,f 
'226,000 tons. I 



8,000 to 4,000 



$3.84 

$4.44 

Delivery and 

stowing, per 

ton, 48 cents. 



$3.06 

$4.08 

Delivery and 

stowing,30c.; 

at Neufahr- 

wasser, 36c. 



$4.08 ex ship; 
$4.70 stowed. 

$3.72 ex ship; 
$4.08 ea; yard. 

$4.08 ex barge, 
Stettin; $4.57 
ex yard, Stet- 
tin; $5.45 ex 
yard, Swine- 
munde. iSee 
Remarks. 

$3.70 to $4.17 



S4.56 stowed. 

$4.32 stowed. 
$4.13 to $4.62, 

spot. 
$3.65 to $4.01, 

spot. 
Higher than for 

British. 



$6.00 
$4.60 
$4.30 
$4.90 

$4.24 to $4.70 

For lighterage 
and delivery 
on board 50o. 
a ton extra. 



Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 



Depots close 
to wharves. 



In roads, off 
Neufahrwas- 

ser, about 2 

miles. 



Off Trave- 
munde, about 
10 miles from 
Lubeck. 



FACILITIES OF THE POETS OF THE WOKLD. 



125 



together with the usual supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 



Government 

coaling 

stations in 

vicinity. 



Coal mining in 
vicinity. 



Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

in iiaMcs). 



Remarks. 



By carts at wharves; 15 to 
19 It. alongside; or by 
lighters; slow in either 
case; closed in winter; 
15 tons per hour. 



From collier alongside, 
at anchorage inside 
Pillau breakwater; no 
interruption; vessels of 
21 ft. draught can lie 
alongside quays at Pil- 
lau; only 12 ft. can go 
to Konigsberg. 



By lighters in roads oft 
Neufahrwasser for ves- 
sels exceeding 20 ft. 
draught; winds from 
N. or NE. prevent 
lighters going out. 



By lighters; notice neces- 
sary; vessels of 17 ft. 
draught can go toStet 
tin; fairway to be deep- 
ened to 21 ft.; 20 ft. 
alongside quays at 
Swinemuude; both 
harbors kept open by 
ice boats throughout 
winter; 30 tons per 
hour. 



By lighters off Trave- 
munde; liable to inter- 
ruption by gales; 164 
ft. can be taken to 
Lubeek. 



By lighters in outer har- 
bor; in January and 
February of severe 
winters ice may inter- 
fere. 



None . 



Russian, to 
be estab- 
lished. 



None . 



None . 



German, at 
Kiel. 



Kiel. 



None. 



None . 



None - 



None . 



None; extensive 
near Kosel, Si- 
lesia,about 320 
miles up the 
river Oder; 
brought to 
Stettin by rail 
and river; 
transportation 
facilities to be 
improved and 
cheapened. 



None - 



None . 



German, at 
ICiel. 



None . 



Revel, 
SlUe, 
Libau, 
Karlskrona. 



Riga, 
Slite, 

Dantzic. 

Ijibau, 
Pillau, 
Dantzic. 

Riga, 

Slite, 

Libau 

Memel, 

Dantiic, 

Karlskrona, 

Ronne, 

Stettin. 



Riga, 

Slite, 

Libau, 

Memel, 

PUlau, 

Stettin, 

Ronne, 

Malmo, 

Copenhagen. 

Libau, 

Memel, 

Pillau, 

Dantzic, 

Karlskrona, 

Ronne, 

Lubeek, 

Kiel, 

Malmo, 

Copenhagen. 



Dantzic, 

Ronne, 

Stettin, 

Kiel, 

Copenhagen. 



Flensburg, 

Sonderburg. 

Eckemflord, 

Lrtbeck, 

Swinejiunde. 



Lubeek, 

Kiel, 

Copenhagen. 



150,000 to 200,000 tons of 
coal imported per year 
(1890). 



New port works for the 
Russian navy are under 
construction, to be fin- 
ished by 1894. 



1887.-146,000 tons im- 
ported from Great Brit- 
ain; Silesian coal dearer 
than British, and in use 
only by State author- 
ities. 



Coal receipts, 1890 ; Prom 
Great Britain, 400,000 
tons; from Silesia, 240,- 
000 tons: a freight draw- 
back of 73 cents per ton is 
allowed on German coal 
brought by rail to Stet- 
tin or Swinemunde up- 
on shipment for export 
or in bunkers. 



Westphalia coal is said to 
be equal to Cardiff. It 
is used by the German 
navy, but a supply can 
be delivered by con- 
tractors on 4 to 7 days' 
notice. German navy 
sometimes use West- 
phalia briquettes, of 
which they can stow 
about 10 per cent more 
in the bunkers. The 
cost is about the same. 



126 



COALING, DOCKING, AND KEPAIRING 

Exhibit of coal to be had at the following European Station ports, 



Niime of port. 



Date 



Kind of coal 
on hand. 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



Average 
supply dnring 



Cost per ton. 



Distance 

from eoal pile 

to ship. 



Cuxhaven, 

Germany. 



Hamburg, 

Germany. 



Bremerhayen and 
Geestemunde, 
Germany. 



Nordenham, 

Germany. 



Brake, Germany. . . 



Wilhelmshaven, 
Germany. 



£mden, Germany. . 



Helder and 
WiUemsoord, 

Holland. 



Amsterdam, 

Holland. 



Rotterdam, 

Holland. 



Sept., 
1883. 

Jan., 
1890. 



Oct., 
1896. 



Sept., 
1883. 
July, 
1895. 
Aug., 
1896. 



Sept. 



Sept. 



Sept., 
ISf" 



1891 



West Hartley. 

Briti.sli 

(Jurnia;! 



400 



Cardiff 

Newcastle . . . 

Scotch 

Westphalian. 



Westphalian . 

English 

Westphalian. 

Westphalian. 
English 



2,000 

300 

10,000 



400 



5,538 tons re- 
ceived, 1889. 
2,912 tons re- 
ceived, 1889. 



Large 
supply. 



■i, 000 
300 

10,000 



6.00 in harbor; 
S6.72 to J6.96 
in roads. 



i N 



84.25 to *4.50 
J3.10 to S3.55 



Large. 



Westphalian. 
English 



Westphalian - 
Scotch 



Westphalian 



Westphalian. 



600 
500 



400 
300 



1,000 



Sept., 
1883. 



Sept., 
1896. 



Oct., 



Dec, 

1896. 



Newcastle 

Yorkshire 

Westphalian 



English.. 
German . 



Westphalian. 
English 



German . 
English.. 



2,500 
2,500 
Large 
supply. 



8,000 
7,000 



1,000 



10,000. 
2,000 to 8,000 

13,500J 



Below city, per 
ton, extra, 
SI. 50. 



$4.05 stowed. 



Ice in harbor 
increases 
cost. 



30to50ft ... 



83.00 
$4.00 to S4.50 



1$3.65 to $4.15 
/ stowed. 



!3.65 to $4.10 
stowed. 



■AM to $4.50 

in port; 
^4.81 to $5.25 

in roads. 



100 to 200 yds. 



100 to 200 yds. 



Ample. 



$4.20 stowed. 
$3.70 stowed. 
(3.40 to $3.89 
stowed. 

$3.30 to $3.60 



$3.50 to $4.00 
$4.50 to $4.80 
Delivery and 
stowing, per 
ton, 26c. 

$3.25 to $8.75 



Goal sheds 
near S. S. 
wharves; 
R. R. runs 
alongside 
wharves. 



1 to li miles.. 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 



127 



together with the usual supply on lixmd, cost, etc. — Continued. 



Mauiier of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 



Government 

coaling 

stations in 

vicinity. 



Coal mining in 
vicinity. 



Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

in UaXice) . 



Remarks. 



By lighters in roads, ex- 
cept for small vessels; 
lieCble to interruption 
by weather In autumn. 



By lighters from colliers; 
by baskets; rapid; 
sometimes interrupted 
by floating ice in win- 
ter. 



Alongside wliarves in 
docks, by wheelbar- 
rows; no interruption; 
Rwy. lines run to 
wharves; 20 tons per 
hour. 



At wharves; 23 It. along- 
side at L. W.; rapid; 
liability to obstruction 
by ice in December, 
January.and February, 

Alongside wharves, avail- 
able for vessels of 18 ft. 
draught; rapid: ice 
may obstruct during 
December, January, 
and February. 

By lighters in roads; lia- 
ble to interruption by 
gales or ice in January 
and February. 



None. 



German, at 
Wilhelms- 
haven. 



None . 



None. 



German GoV' 
erument 
depot at 
dockyard. 



Nearest at 
Wllhelms- 
haven. 



Alongside wharves, avail- 
able for large vessels; 
by baskets of about li 
cwt. capacity, or by 
lighters at anchorage 
(Ymuiden) . 



At wharves or from 
lighters; in bags; slow; 
no interruption. 



Netherlands 
Govt, dook- 
yard at 
Hellevoets- 
luis. 



None . 



None. 



None; nearest 
mines in vicin- 
ity of Osna- 
bruck, Hano- 
ver, and Ibben- 
buren, West- 
phalia, 80 to 
100 miles dis- 
tant by rail. 

None 



None . 



None. 



Nearest in vi- 
cinity of Osna- 
bruck and Ib- 
benburen; 
more exten- 
sive in western 
Westphalia, 
between Essen 
and Dortmund, 
about 140 miles 
distant. 



None. 



None; nearest 
in Westpha- 
lia, in vicin- 
ity of Essen, 
about 100 
miles distant. 



None; the only 
mines in Hol- 
land are at 
Eerkrade, in 
extreme SE.; 
yearly output 
about 50,000 
to 60,000 tons. 



Ghristiansand, 

Hambwrg, 

Bremernaven, 

Amsterdam, 

Hull, 

Antwerp, 

Southampton. 

Ghristiansand, 

Ouxhaven, 

Bremerhaven, 

Amsterdam, 

Hull, 

Antwerp, 

Southampton. 



Ghristiansand, 

Hamburg, 

Cuxhaven, 

Wilhelmshav&n, 

Amsterdam, 

Hull, 

Antwerp, 

Southampton. 



As for Bre- 
merhaven. 



As for Bre- 
merhaven. 



Hamburg, 

Bremerhaven, 
Emden, 
Amsterdam, 
Rotterdam. 

Hamburg, 

Bremerhaven, 

WUTieimshaven, 

Amsterdam, 

Rotterdam. 



Wilhelms ha- 
ven, 
Emden, 
Amsterdam, 
Rotterdam. 

Hamburg, 

Bremerhaven, 

Emden, 

Rotterdam, 

Flushing, 

Antwerp, 

Southampton. 

Hamburg, 

Bremerhaven, 

Emden, 

Amsterdam, 

Flushing, 

Antwerp, 

Southampton. 



The importation of Brit- 
ish coal at Hamburg 
during 1890 amounted 
to 1,580,000 tons; in ad- 
dition, the receipts of 
Westphalian coal 
amounted to upward 
of 800,000 tons. 

1890.— Total receipts of 
coal per year at Bre- 
merhaven and Bremen 
amount to about 500,000 
tons, of which Germany 
supplies about four- 
fifths and Great Britain 
one-fifth. 



The canal from Ymuiden 
to Amsterdam is 14 
miles long and 24 ft. 
deep; largest lock 394 
ft. long by 60 ft. wide 
at entrance. 



Rotterdam may be 
reached from the sea, 
by the New Waterway, 
by vessels of 21 ft. 
draught at any time, 
and by vessels of 24 to 
26 ft. draught at H. W. 
(1890). 



128 



COALING, DOCKING, AND BEPAIEING 

Exhibit of coal to be had al tlie following European Station ports, 



Name of port. 



Date. 



Kind of coal 
on hand. 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



Average 

supply during 

year. 



Cost per ton. 



Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 



Hellevoetsluis, 

Holland. 



Flushing, Holland. 



Antwerp. Belgium, 



Oct., 



Oct., 



Ostend, Belgium . 



Dunkirk, France .. 



Calais, France. 



1891 



Sept. 
1883. 



May. 
1891. 



July, 



Sept., 
1883. 



Boulogne. France 



Dieppe, Franco 



Sept., 
1883. 



Sept., 
1883. 



Jan., 
1892. 



Westphalian . 
English 



600 
900 



1,000 



Belgian 

Yorkshire . . , 

Patent fuel., 

(Belgian.) 



Large supply. 



Welsh . „ 
English 

French . 



BritLsh . 
Belgian. 
French . 

French . 



French . 
English. 



Belgian . 
British.. 
French . 



600 
500 



Large. 



3,000 



Ample 
supply. 



22o,000.tons im- 
ported, 1890. 

41,375 tons ex- 
ported, 1890. 

31,000 tons ex- 
ported, 1893. 

"., 000 



Welsh . 
English 
French 



Welsh 

English 

Scotch 

Patent fuel . 



Amp 



Hi, 000 
8, 000 



83.50 to 84.00 
84.50 to 84.80 
Delivery and 
stowing, per 
ton, in har- 
bor 25c.; In 
roads, 60c. 



82.49 to 82.55 

stowed. 
82.79 stowed. 
82.55 to 82.79 

stowed. 



1 to 1^ miles. 



86.60 stowed. 
84.00 at pile; 
84.40 stowed. 
84.00 at pile; 
84.40 stowed. 
Lighterage to 
roads, in win- 
ter, per ton, 
70c. 



to 84.3 
f.o.b. 



108,000 tonsim- 
ported, 1890. 

Large supply 
at all times. 



e supply. 



84.40 stowed. 
Delivery and 
stowing, per 
ton, 40c. 

83.89 to 84.38. 
f. o. b. 



\m.> 

1 i 



890,000 tons, 
foreign, im- 
ported, 1891. 



$i.60 stowed. 
,00 at pile; 
J4.40 stowed. 



Si.dOslDlvi'cl. 



FACILITIES OF THE POETS OF THE WORLD. 



129 



together with tlie iisual supply on hand, cost, etc Continued. 





Government 




Next coaling 




Manner of coaling, rapid 


coaling 


^Coal mining in 


ports en route 


Rptnai'lrw 


or slow, etc. 


stations m 
vicinity. 


vicinity. 


(the nearest 
in italics) . 


J-VC^l^ul IV .^. 




Netherlands 


None 


Amsterdam, 






Govt, dock- 




Sntterdam, 






yard. 




Flushing. 




At wharves in docks. 


None 


None 


Hamburg, 




available for vessels o£ 






Bremerhaven, 




25 ft. draught; or in 






Amsterdam, 




outer harbor, 22 ft. at 






Rotterdam, 




L. W., or by lighters 






Antwerp, 




in roads; liable to in- 






Dunkirk, 




terruption in latter 






Calais, 




case, October to March. 






Southampton. 




At quays along river 
Scheldt, or in docks; 




Extensive; near 


Hamburg, 
Bremerhaven, 


Total coal production of 
Belgium, during the 




Liege and 


good facilities for ves- 




Verviers; in 


Amsterdam, 


year 1890 amounted to 


sels of the largest 




basin of t h e 


Rotterdam, 


20,565,960 tons. 


size; no interruption. 




Sambre, from 
Charleroi t o 
Namur, and 
in vicinity of 
Mons; all dis- 
tant about 50 
to 60 miles. 


Flushing, 

Ostend, 

Dunkirk, 

Calais, 

Southampton, 

Havre. 






None 


None in imme- 


Antwerp, 


Ostend wet docks are 






diate vicinity. 


Dunkirk, 
Calais. 


available for vessels of 
18 ft. draught, entering 
atH.W. 


In docks, or in roads by 


French Govt. 


Extensive, i n 


Amsterdam, 


The Freycinet Basin is 


lighters; ice may in- 


depot. Pas 


Department 


Antwerp, 


available for vessels of 


terfere in winter. 


d e Calais 


of Nord, at 


Calais, 


about 21 ft. draught. 




coal, for 


Aniche, Au- 


Boulogne, 






the navy. 


zin, and Va- 
leneiennes.SO 
to 60 miles dis- 


Dieppe, 
Havre, 








Southampton. 








tant; output. 










5,000,000 tons. 










1890; and in 










Department 
of Pas de Ca- 


















lais; output, 










9,000,000 tons. 










1890. 






By collier alongside, in 
harbor or in roads; 




Extensive, 50 


Amsterdam 


The total coal output for 
the whole of France, 




miles distant. 


Antwerp, 
Dunkirk, 


rapid; sometimes in- 




in Depart- 


during the year 1890 


terrupted by wei.ther; 




ment of Pas 


Dover, 


amounted to 26,327,000 


new docks, opened 




de Calais; out- 


Boulogne, 


tons, of which the An- 


June, 1889, are avail- 




put, 9,000,000 


Dieppe, 


zin mines furnished 


able for the largest 




tons, 1890; 


Fecamp, 


3,122,000 tons. 


vessels. 




and in De- 
partment of 
Nord, at Ani- 


Havre, 
Southampton. 
















che, Anzin, 










and Valen- 










ciennes, out- 










put 5,000,000 










tone, 1890. 






By lighters, in inner or 




Boulonnais mine 


CcUais, and as 
for Calais. 


Importation of British 
and Belgian enal (1891) 


outer harbor, or in wet 




near city; out- 


dock If preferred. 




put, 4,000 tons. 




amounted to 146,000 






1891; exten- 
sive in Pas de 
Calais. 




tons. 




None 


None 


Antwerp, 
Dunkirk, 


1891.— There is a patent- 
fuel factory at Dieppe 














Calais, 


with a capacity of 250 








Boulogne, 


tons per day; also a fac- 








Newhaven, 


tory of the same kind at 








Fiamp, 


Arques, 4 miles distant; 
Welsh coal is used 








Havre, 








Southampton. 


exclusively. 



12477 9 



130 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Ejhlliit of coal lu hi' had at the followbuj Enivpmu Station ports, 



Xame of port. 



F(!'camp, France . . . 



Havre. Frauce. 



1890 



Sept., 
1893. 



Sept., 
1896. 

Aug., 
1896. 



Rouen, France Oct., 

- 1888. 



Date.! 



Kind of coal 
on hand. 



Bituminous 



Newcastle 

Cardiff 

French pat. fuel 
Briquettes 



Cardiff 

Newcastle 

Frencli pat. fuel 

Welsh 

English 



Honfleur, Frauc 



-'Sept.,' 
18S3. 



Cardiff 

North of Engl'd 

Scotch 

French 

Briquettes d* An- 



Scotch 
Newcastle . 
Cardiff. 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



Average 

Bupplyduring 

year. 



t 20,000 

2,000 
Small 



30,000 



I 33,000 tons im- 
I ported per 
[ year. 

20,000 

2,000 
Small com- 
paratively. 



per- 



600,000 
year. 

100,000 



Large supply. 



;-;i| - 



Trouvillf, France..! 1891 British 

Patent fuel. 



Caen, France . 



Cherbourg, France 



St. Peter Port, 
Guernsey, 

Channel Ids. 



July, 
1885. 

Aug., 
1896. 



Oct., 



Welsh . . 
French . 



All kinds . 



St. Helier, Jersey, (")ct., 
Channel Ids. 1883. 



Granville, Fr.ance . 



Welsh . . 
English. 



73,900 tons im- 
ported, 1890. 



83,000 tons im- 
ported, 1890. 



Cost per ton. 



8(i. 00 to $6. 00 
So. 00 



4.44 for pick- 
ed coal; 83. 84 
as it is. 

$4.66 to $5.13 



S4.S0 
$4.26 
$4.14 
$4.14 
$4.14 



!5.40 to $5.60; 
stowing, per 
ton, 40 cents. 



280,000 to 270. 
000 tons im- 
ported por 
year. 



Moderate supply, i 

exclusive of I 

that owned by I 

French Government. J 

25, 000 



Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 



Coal piles at 
the docks 
and along- 
side basin 
and in load- 
ed lighters. 



In harbor, 
100 yds.; 
in roads at 
mouth of 
river, 10 
miles. 



About S6.00 



28,000 tons re- 
ceived per 
year. 



W.50 to 84.75 



S5.2S to $6.00 
f . o. b. 



2,000 $5.28; stowing, 
! per ton, 28 to 
40 cents. 



300 yds . 



Short hauling 
distance. 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 



131 



together nrith the utual supply an hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



Manner oi coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 



Government 

coaling 

stations m 

vicinity. 



Coal mining in 
vicinity. 



Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

in IJtalics) . 



Remarks. 



None . 



None . 



Rapid; with steam cranes 
from alongside docks 
or from colliers and 
lighters in large bas- 
kets; several hundred 
tons in one day; 40 to 
50 tons per hour. 



Alongside quays, Jrom 
railway cars brought 
abreast ship; no inter- 
ruption. 



In wet docks at wharves, 
or by lighters; slow; 
no interruption; large 
vessels, in roads, 10 
miles distant, by light- 
ers; difficult and ex- 
pensive. 



Cherbourg. 



None . 



None . 



French, at 
Taiicar- 
vUle, for 
torpedo 
boats. 



None . 



None . 



By lighters in outer har- 
bor; or in Bassin du 
Commerce; French 
naval vessels coal at 
dockyard; 20 tons per 
hour. 



At pier, for vessels of 
light draught; 13 ft. 
alongside at L. W.; 
coal carried in bags on 
men's backs; slow; no 
interruption; large 
vessels, by lighters. 



By lighters, or at wharf; 
14 It. alongside at L. 
W.; slow in either 
case; no interruption. 



At wharves in wet docks, 
for vessels of moderate 
size; there are coaling 
staithes in the harbor, 
but it is dry alongside 
at L. W. 



French Govt, 
depot at 
dockyard ; 
24,000 tons 
on hand, 
Jan., 1891. 



None . 



None . 



None - 



None . 



None . 



Dieppe, 

Havre, 

Southampton. 

Antwerp, 

Boulogne, 

Dieppe, 

Honflmr, 

Trouville, 

Cherbourg, 

Southampton. 



Boulogne, 

Dieppe, 

Havre, 

Honjleitr, 

Trouville, 

Cherbourg, 

Southampton. 

Boulogne, 

Dieppe, 

Havre, 

Trouville, 

Caen, 

Cherbourg, 

Southampton. 

Boulogne, 

Dieppe, 

Havre, 

Honfleur, 

Caen, 

Cherbourg, 

Southampton. 

Boulogne, 

Dieppe, 

Havre, 

Trouville, 

Cherbourg, 

Southampton. 

Boulogne, 

Havre, 

Caen, 

Southampton, 

Portland, 



Brest. 



Portland, 

Cherbourg, 

Jersey, 

Granville, 

St. Malo, 

Brest. 



Portland, 

Cherbourg, 

Ehiemsey, 

Granville, 

St. Malo, 

Brest. 



Portland, 

Cherbourg, 

Guernsey, 

Jersey, 

St. Malo, 

Brest. 



The French patent fuel 
is made from English 
coal and resin, both im- 
ported. French coal 
has been driven from 
markets because of 
high railroad rates from 
the mines. Efforts are 
being made to get re- 
duced rates and use 
French coal. 

Importation of coal at 
Rouen (1890) amounted 
to 618,800 tons. 



A great part of the coal 
imported at this port 
is for the use of the 
Western Railway of 
France. 



A considerable propor- 
tion of the total amount 
of coal imported is for 
the manufacture of pat- 
ent fuel. Extensive 
harbor improvements 
in progress. 

Available as a coaling 
port for vessels not ex- 
ceeding 17 ft. draught. 
Patentiuel extensively 
manufactured. 



Receipts of foreign coal 
amount to about 40,000 
tons per year. 



Not recommended as a 
coaling port; the ap- 
proaches are very dan- 
gerous at L. W. 



132 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Exhibit of coal io be had at tlie. following European Station ports, 



Name of port. 



Date. 



Kind of coal 
on hand. 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



Average 

iupply during 

year. 



Cost per ton. 



Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 



St. Malo, and 
St. Servan, 

France. 



Brest, France. 



Sept. 
1883, 



Jan., 
1886. 



Oct., 
1896. 



L'Orient, France .. Jan., 
1891. 



St. Nazaire, France 



Nantes, France 



La Roehelle, 

France. 



Rochefort, France . 



Bordeaux, 

and Pauillac, 
France. 



Bayonne, France . 



Pasages, and 

San Sebastian, 
Spain. 



Dec, 

1883. 



Oct. 



Mar. 



Mar., 
1890. 

Jan., 
1891. 



Nov. 
1888. 

Sept. 
18%. 



Cardiff 

Newcastle , 



40,000 



Feb., 
1891. 



Welsh.. 
English. 
French . 



Anthracite .. 
Patent Fuel . 



Bituminous 

(Not specified.) 



1,000 1,000 

(Exclusive of Govern- 
ment supply.) 

lo.oooJ 



S4.00 to $6.00 
stowing, per 
ton, 29 cents. 



S6.S0 f. o. b. 



About J mile. 



Cardiff 

Patent Juel.. 
(French.) 



Bituminous 

(Not specified.; 



J4.15 
S3. 86 



14,000 tons im 
ported, 1890. 



2,500 
500 



Ample supply at all 
times. 



Welsh .. 
English. 
French . 



2,500 
2,500 
2,500 



Welsh . . 
French . 



Welsh.. 
French . 



i,ooo| 



Coal receipts by sea, 
150,000 tons per year. 



Cardiff 

North of Engl'd 

Scotch 

English 

Welsh 



Large supply. | 



British . 



Cardiff 

Newcastle . 



6,000 



75,000 tons im- 
ported per 
year. 



85.00 to $5.20 



$4.80 to $5.00 

on wharf; 

stowing, per 

ton, 30 cents. 

$3.40 

About $3. SO 

$5.35 
About $3. 60 



$4.87 to $5. 36 
$4.99 

$5.00 



Coal piles 
alongside 
quay. 



About 35 ft... 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 



133 



together with the umal supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 



Government 

coaling 

stations in 

Ticlnity. 



Coal mining in 
vicinity. 



Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

in italics) . 



Remarks. 



Alongside quays in wet 
docks; rapid; no inter- 
ruption. 



By lighters and baskets; 
rapid; no interruption. 



Coaling is difficult; lia- 
ble to frequent inter- 
ruption by the sea, 
which is often very 
heavy, especially in 
winter. 



Alongside quay in wet 
docks, available tor 
large vessels entering 
at H. W.; by baskets; 
no interruption. 



For torpedo 
boats, at Sol- 
idor Arse 
nal (St. Ser- 
van) , and at 
mouth of 
Trieux Riv- 
er near Lfr 
zardrieux,45 
miles W. 

French Govt, 
depot at 
dockyard ; 
27,000 tons 
on hand. 
Jan., 1891. 



French Govt, 
depot at 
docKyard; 
16,000 tons. 

None 



Alongside wharf in wet 
docks; rapid; or from 
coal vessel alongside in 
roadstead; no inter- 
ruption in either case. 



None; near- 
es t at 
Roc h e- 
fort. 



French Govt, 
depot at 
dock yard; 
12,000 tons. 



60 tons per hour. . 



None in im- 
mediate 
vicinity. 



None . 



None . 



None. 



None . 



Limited; Depts. 
of Loire -Inf4- 
rieure and 
Maine-et-Loire; 
output, 45,000 
tons, 1887. 

None 



None. 



None . 



None . 



Plymouth, 

Dartmouth, 

Portland, 

Cherbourg, 

Guernsey, 

Jersey, 

Oranville, 

Brest. 



Southampton, 
Cherbourg, 
Guernsey, 
Plymouth, 
L* Orient, 
St. Nazaire, 
Bordeaux, 
Corunna. 



Brest, 
St. Nazaire, 
La Rochelle, 
Bordeaux. 

Brest, 

L'Orient, 

Nantes, 

La Rochelle, 

Bordeaux, 

Corunna. 

St. Nazaire, 
and as for 
St. Nazaire. 



Brest, 

L'Orient, 

St. Nazaire, 

Soche/ort, 

Bordeaux, 

Bilbao, 

Gijon, 

Ferrol, 

Corunna. 

Brest, 

St Nazaire, 

La Rochelle, 

Bordeaux, 

Corunna. 



Brest, 

L'Orient, 

St. Nazaire, 

La Rochelle, 

Bayonne, 

Bilbao, 

Gijon, 

Ferrol, 

Corunna. 



La Rochelle, 
Bordeaux, 



Bilbao. 



Bordeaux, 

Bayonne, 

Bilbao. 



Importation of coal 
amounts to about 
180,000 tons per year, 
chiefly from Great Brit- 
ain (1890) . 



1891.— There are coaling 
staithes in the harbor 
capable of shipping 45 
tons of coal per hour. 
Coal importation 
amounts to 38,000 tons 
per year. 



780,000 tons of coal im- 
ported at St. Nazaire 
during the year 1890, a 
great part of the 
amount being destined 
for Nantes. 

Not available lor ves- 
sels exceeding 17 ft. 
draught; river some- 
times blocked by ice in 
winter. 



1891.— The new wet docks 
of La.Fallice will ac- 
commodate vessels of 
the largest size entering 
during 6 hours of each 
tide. 



Importation of coal and 
patent fuel at Roche- 
fort and Tonnay- 
Charente during 1891, 
amounted to 213,000 
tons. 



Importation of British 
coal during 1890 
amounted to 425,000 
tons. 



Port available for vessels 
of 18 ft. draught cross- 
ing the bar of the Adour 
at H. W. 



134 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Kxliibil of coal to he had at the following European Station ports, 



Nil me oX port. 



Bilbao, Spain. 



Santander, Spain. 



Gijon, Spain . 



Ferrol, Spain . 



Corcubion, 

Cape Finisterre, 
Spain. 



Corunna, Spain . . . 



Vigo, Spain. 



Oporto, Portugal . 
Lisbon , Portugal . . 

Setubal, Portugal. 
Huelva, Spain 



Dnle, 



Kind of coal 
on hand. 



Jan., 
1886. 
1890 



Aug. 
1884. 



Welsh... 
English . . 
Asturian. 



Dec, ' Asturian. 
1890. 



Dec, 
1885. 
Sept. 
1893. 



Mav, 
1894. 



Aug. 
1884. 



Sept., 
1893. 



Oct., 
1883. 



Jan., 
1892. 



Oct., 
1896. 



Dec, 



Sept. 
1896. 



Oct., 
1883. 



Sept. 
1888. 



Welsh..., 
English.. 
Asturian 

British .. 

Belgian . 



Welsh... 
English.. 
Asturian 



Welsh..., 
English ., 
Asturian 



Cardiff 

Newcastle . 



Cardiff 

Newcastle . 
Scotch 



Welsh 

North Country 



Cardiff. 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



760 



Average 

supply during 

year. 



i 



761 

60,000 tons re-' 
ceived from 
Gijon dur- 
ing year. 



Large supply. 



2, 000 
1,000 



3,000 

2,000 

500 



3,000 

1,000 

500 



10,000 
5,000 
2,000 



Small 
supply. 



I 4, OOOJ 

9,000 tons rec'd 
during year. 

2,500 tons rec'd 
during vear. 

1,000 tons i-ec'd 
during year. 



} 4,600| 



Total coal 
receipts, 

13,000 tons. 

Total coal 

receipts, 

8,000 tons. 



;,500i 



14,000 tons 
rec'd, 1891. 



Cost per ton. 



»7.00 f. o. b.; 

stowing extra, 

84.58 f. o. b., 

screened ; 

S3.80 f. o. b., 

ordinary. 



J8.70 f. o. b., 
screened; un- 
der coal tips; 
lighterage 
extra. 

S6.25 



36.33 



86.00 



S7.00 stowed. 



K.OO 



10,000 



95.60 alongside. 
S5.23 alongside. 
14.87 alongside. 
Stowing, per 
ton, extra, 37c. 

$4.88 



W.27 to S6.51 



Distance 

from coal pil< 

to ship. 



About i mile. 



600 to 1,000 
ft. 



100 to 120 
yds. 



600 yds . 



About 1 mile 



Short . 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OB' THE WOULD. 



135 



together ivith the usual Supply on haul, cost, eli: — Continued. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 



By lighters and baskets; 
slow; no interruption. 



By lighters; vessels of 17 
ft. draught can go un- 
der coal tips, but only 
at H. W.; facilities to 
be Improved. 

By lighters; 200 tons per 
day; no interruption. 



10 tons per hour. 



By large lighters; rapid; 
no interruption. 



By large lighters; rapid; 
no interruption. 



10 tons per hour . 



By lighters and baskets; 
80 tons per hour; rarely 
interrupted. 



Alongside wharves, avail- 
able for all vessels able 
to cross bar; from tips 
and chutes; rapid; no 
interruption; by light- 
ers if preferred. 



Government 

coaling^ 

stations in 

vicinity. 



None . 



Spanish, at 
dockyard. 



British con- 
tract; 1,000 
tons kept 
on hand ; 
Spanish 
Govt.depot 
at Ferrol. 



None . 



Spanish, at 
Cadiz; 
British, at 
Gibraltar. 



Coal mining in 
vicinity. 



None . 



None . 



Extensive in As- 
turias; output 
(1890), 860,000 
tons; increas- 
ing every year. 

Xone 



Next coaling 

ports en route 

{the nearest 

\n italics). 



La Roohelle, 

Bordeaux, 

Bayonne, 



Gijon 

Ferrol, 

Corunna. 

Bilbao, 
Gijon. 

La Rochelle, 

Bordeaux, 

Bilbao, 

Ferrol, 

Corunna. 

Brest, 

La Rochelle, 
Bordeaux, 
Bilbao, 
Gijon, 
Corunna, 
Vigo, 
Lisbon, 
I Cadiz, 
Gibraltar. 



None . 



None . 



Anthracite.near 
Coimbra, about 
60 miles distant: 
small output. 

None 



I Brest, 

1 St. Nazaire, 

1 La Rochelle, 

Bordeaux, 

Bilbao, 

Gijon, 

Ferrol, 

Vigo, 

Lisbon, 

Cadiz, 

Gibraltar. 

Brest, 

Ferrol, 

Corunna, 

Oporio, 

Lisbon, 

Cadiz, 

Gibraltar. 

Vigo, and as 
for Vigo. 



Ferrol, 

Corunna, 

Vigo, 

Oporto, 

Huelva, 

Cadiz, 

Gibraltar. 

Oporto, 
Lisbon, 
Cadiz. 

Oporto, 

Lisbon, 

Cadiz, 

Gibraltar, 

Malaga, 

Oran. 



Remarks. 



Importation of coal from 
Great Britain during 
1890 amounted to 
318,000 tons. 



80,000 tons coal and coke 
imported, 1891. 

Asturian coal is reported 
to contain considerable 
sulphur. 



A floating depository for 
coals has been estab- 
lished at Corcubion, 
Spain, from which ves- 
sels passing Cape Finis- 
terre can be rapidly 
coaled. 



Coal importation, 1890, 
amounted to 95,800 
tons. 



Total importation of coal 
into Portugal during 
1888 amounted to 482,000 
tons, of which 480,000 
came from Great Britain. 



Not recommended as a 
coaling port. 

1890. — Importation of 
coal and coke during 
the year amounted to 
87,700 tons. 



136 



COALING, DOCKING, AND EEPAIEING 

Exhibit of coal to l>f had at the following European Station ports, 



Name of port. 



San ^ucar, Spain. 
Seville, Spain 



Cadiz, Spain . 



Algeciras, Spain . . 



Malaga, Spain . 



Kind of coal 
on hand. 



Sept., 
1883. 



Sept., 
1883. 



Mar. 
1886. 



Deo., 
1894. 
Dee., 
1895. 
Aug., 
1896. 

Aug., 
1896. 



Aug. 



Almeria, Spain . 



Dec, 
1898. 
Jan., 
1899. 
Feb., 
1899. 
Oct., 
1899. 



Oct., 



Sept. 
1896. 



Jan., 
1885. 
Sept. 
1887. 
Oct., 
1896. 



Welsh . . 
Scotch . . 
Spanish . 



Welsh . . , 
English. . 
Spanish . 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



Average 
supply during 

year. 



None . 



Cost per ton. 



Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 



Large supply available 
at short notice. 



7,000 
Small supply. 



6,.50o| 



Spanish 6,000 

English Large. 

Cardiff 



Spanish. 
Cardiff. . 



None . 



Newcastle . 
Cardiff 



Nixon's Navi- 
gation. 
Nantygto 



Lancaster 

Cardiff 

Ferndale . 
Cardiff 



Cardiff 

Newcastle 

Spanish 

(Belmez). 

Newcastle 

Cardiff 

Spanish 

(Belmez) . 



Cardiff. 



Cardiff 

Newcastle . 

Cardiff 

Newcastle . 
Scotch 



None . 



Large - 
Large- 



5,000 to 6,000 
None 



3,000 

5,000 

300 



500 
200 



■Large. 



5,000 to 6,000 



S7.42 stowed. 
$6.61 stowed. 
$6.37 stowed. 



$6.56 



! to $9.65 



$8.04 
$7.20 to $8.00 



$4.50 
1.80 to $5.00 



$6.96 alongside. 
$6.09 alongside. 

$6.69 stowed. 
$5.37 on board. 



$6.00 f. 0. b. 
$5.60 f.o.b. 
$5.40f.o.b. 

$6.25 to $6.50 
$6.50 to $7.00 



Foreign coal 
on wharves; 
Spanish 
brought to 
wharves by 
rail. 

Coal piles on 
wharves. 



Coal in hulks 
ready for 
delivery. 



About I mile 



•100 $6.25 stowed. 

200 , $4.87 

4,000 to 5,000 t $5.00 to $5.50 



100 yds . 



FACILITIES OF THE POETS OF THE WOELD. 



137 



together vMh the usual supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 





Government 




Next coaling 




Manner of coaling, rapid 


coaling 


Coal mining in 


ports en route 


1? ATn{)i*1ra 


or slow, etc. 


stations in 
■S'icinity. 


vicinity. 


(the nearest) 
in italics) . 


JYcuiaiJ^B. 




SeeHuelva.. 


None 


Huelva, 
Seville, 


930 tons Newcastle im- 






ported, 1891, for gas 








Cadiz. 


works. 


AtwharJ; 12 ft. alongside 


Spanish, at 


At Villanueva 


Lisbon, 


1890.— Importation of 


atL.W., left.atH.W.; 


Cadiz; 


del Eio; infe- 


Huelva. 


coal during the year 
a'mounted to 55,000 


no interruption except 
in ease of extraordi- 


British,at 


rior quality; 


Cadis, 
Gibraltar, 


Gibraltar. 


limited output, 


tons. 


nary freshets. 




about 47,000 
tons per year. 


Malaga, 
Oran. 




Alongside wharf or by 
lighters of 50 tons ca- 


Spanish, at 
dockyard 




Lisbon, 


Importation of coal from 
Great Britain during 




Huelva, 


pacity; 15 to 20 tons per 
hour; sometimes inter- 


(Caracas) ; 
2,000 tons 




Seville, 


1890 amounted to 52,576 




Gibraltar, 


tons. 


rupted by weather in 
February and March. 


on hand, 
Welsh and 




Malaga, 






Almeria, 






Spanish. 




Oran, 
Cartagena. 




30 tons per hour 


Large supply 
Spanish 


Spanish mines at 
Oviedo, Prov- 




Compania Transatlantieo 
and other dealers. 








coal at Gov- 


ince of Astu- 








ernment 


rias. 








dockyard. 








Excellent facilities at 
Gibraltar, across the 


British, at 
Gibraltar. 


None 


,See Gibraltar.. 


Kail connection to inte- 




rior has been estab- 


bay. 








lished since date of 
this report. 


From steam collier along- 


British, a t 


None 


Fcrrol, 


About 85 cents less per 


side when practicable. 


New Mole. 




Corunna, 


ton if taken direct from 


or alongside coal hulk. 






Lisbon, 


steamer. 


or from lighters along- 






Vigo, 
Cadiz, 




side, by baskets; liable 








to interruption by E or 






Fayal; 




SW. gales; 40 tons per 






Madeira, 




hour. 






Teneriffe, 

Malaga, 

Almeria, 

Cartagena, 

Oran, 

Algiers. 

Cagliari, 

M^ta. 












By several lighters along- 
side with large force. 








Dealers are A Mateos & 








Son, Eugeoni & Sons, 


small baskets; rapid; 








London Coal Co., Gib- 


650 tons in 1 day. 








raltar Coal Co., Union 
Coal Co., Mediterranean 
Coal Co., and others. 


In lighters; 300 to 400 tons 


British, at 


At Belmez and 


Lisbon, 


Coal importation per an- 


per day; atshortnotice; 


Gibraltar. 


Bspiel. 


Cadiz, 


num amounts to from 


700 tons and over with 






Gibraltar, 


30,000 to 50,000 tons, all 


12 hours' notice. 






Almeria, 
Beni Saf, 
Oran, 
Cartagena, 
Algiers. 


from Great Britain. 
Dealers, Pacheoo Bros, 
and Jimenez Bros. 


By lighters of about 20 
tons capacity; 40 tons 


British, at 
Gibraltar; 


None 


Lisbon, 
Cadiz, 








per hour; no interrup- 


Spanish, 




Gibraltar, 




tion; extensive harbor 


at Carta- 




Malaga, 




improvements in prog- 


gena. 




Beni Saf, 




ress, 1890. 






Oran, 

Cartagena, 

Algiers. 





138 



COALING, DOCKING, AND KEPAIKING 

Exhibii of coal to he Imd at the following European Station ports, 



Name of port. iDate.l ^^^^nT' 



Cartagena, Spain .. Aug., Welsh .. 
1885. I English. 



Torrevieja, Spain. 



Denia, Spain 



Falma, Majorca, 
Balearic Ids, 



Port Mahon, 
Minorca, 

Balearic Ids. 



Port Vendres, 

France. 



Oct., 
1883. 



Alicante, Spain : 1891 



Valencia, Spain . . 



Tarragona, Spain. 



Barcelona, Spain . . 



1885. 



Sept. 
1887. 

Aug. 
1896. 



Oct., 
1883. 



Sept. 
1896. 



Oct., 
1883. 



Nov. 
1884. 



British , 



None . 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



Average 
supply during 



Ample supply. 



None None 



Good supply. 



Welsh 

English 

Patent fuel . 
Cardiff 

Newcastle . . 



None . . 



1,000 

200 

1,000 



None . 



Cost per ton. 



«.00 to 86.50 
f.o.b. 



I 2,500 J; 

1,000 to 1,500 



$6.72 stowed. 
S6.48 stowed. 
$5.76 Stowed. 



Welsh . 
Scotch. 



Scotch 

Poeahontas(U.&) 
Australian... 

Gijon 

Newcastle . . . 

Grimsby 

Newport 

Cardiff 

Cardiff 

Newcastle . . . 
Scotch 



Welsh . 



Welsh . 



500 
500 



3,000 
1,500 



1,600 



AmpL 



\ 1 nnn / 8'-0« to $9.00 



31,446 

504 

2,523 

2,772 

127, 641 

30, 126 

16,264 

244,640 



•as 

o a 



30,000 



1,500 



e supply. 



$5.50 
$5.50 



$6.00 
50 to $6.50 



S.50 f. o. b.; 
stowing, per 
ton, 12 cents. 



$8.50 f . o. b. 



Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 



About 1 mile. 



200 to 800 
yds. 



About 1 mile. 



300 yds . 



i mile . 



i mile . 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE "WOKLD. 

together wUhthc vxnni xnpphj on, hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



139 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 


Government 

coaling 
stations in 
vicinity. 


Coal mining in 
vicinity. 


, Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

in italics). 


By lighters; rapid; no 
interruption; harbor 
being dredged to a min- 
imum depth of 27 ft., 
1891. 


Spanish, at 
dockyard. 

Spanish, at 
Cartagena. 








Malaga, 

Almeria, 

Oran, 

Algiers, 

Alicant£, 

Valencia, 

Barcelona. 

Cartagena, 

Alicante, 

Valencia. 

Algiers, 

Cartagena, 

Valencia. 


By lighters 


NniR- . 






Xoilc 


By baskets from large 
lighters of 40 to 50 tons 
capacity; slow; no in- 
terruption; 10 tons per 
hour. 

By lighters and baskets; 
about 100 tons per day; 
liable to interruption 
and delays in winter. 

Rapid; from barges; 800 
to 1,000 tons per day; 
boisterous weather in 
February and March. 

By lighters; no interrup- 
tion; merchant steam- 
By lighters; 200 tons per 
day; no interruption. 


None 

None 


None 

None 


Valencia, 
Palma. 

Algiers, 

Cartagena, 

AUcante, 

Palma, 

Port Mahon, 

Tarragona, 

Barcelona. 

Valencia 


None 

None . 


Palma, 
Port Mahon, 
Barcelona. 

Algiers, 

Cartagena, 

Alicante, 

Valencia, 

Palma, 

Port Mahon, 

Tarragcma, 

Cette, 

Marseilles, 

Toulon, 

Villefranche, 

Genoa, 

Spezia, 

Leghorn, 

Cagliari. 

Algiers, 
Cartagena, 
Valencia, 
Fort Mahon, 
Barcelona. 

Algiers, 

Palma, 

Barcelona, 

Marseilles, 

Villefranche, 

Cagliari, 

Palermo. 


None 

Nonu 

None 


None . . 


Nearest in De- 
partment of 
H6rault. 




Cette, 
Karseilles. 



Remarks. 



Importation of coal, 1890; 
amounted to 55,700 tons. 



Importation of coal, 1890; 
amounted to 21,000 tons. 



Total importation, i891: 
Steam coal, 21,000 tons; 
gas coal, 24,000 tons; pat- 
ent f uel,chiefly for Rwy. 
use, 14,400 tons. 



1890. — Coal importation 
amounts from 30,000 
to 35,000 tons per year. 



Vessels of 22 ft. draught 
can go alongside quays 
In wet docks. 



140 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIBING 

Exhibit of coal to be had at the follomng European iStation ports, 



Name of port. 



Cette, France . 



Marseilles, France. 



Date 



1884 



La Ciotat, France. 



Toulon, and 

La Seyne, 
France. 



Toulon, France. 



Nice, and 
Villefranche 

France. 



Ajaccio, Corsica . 



1890 
1891 



Jan., 
1892. 



Nov. 



Jan., 
1897. 



Jan., 
1891. 



Apr., 
1895. 
Sept., 
1896. 



Sept, 
1896, 
Mar., 
1899. 



May, 
1888. 
Dec, 
1894. 



Kind of coal on 
hand. 



English 

French 

Patent fuel . 



Welsh . 



Welsh (Cory's 
Merthyr) . 



Welsh . 



Cardiff 

Newcastle . 



(French.) 
Grand Combe . 

(French.) 
Patent fuel.... 

Welsh 

French 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



3,000 
1,000 



Average 

supply during 

year. 



200,000 tonsf 

> rec e i V e d^ 

per year. [ 



Cost per ton. 



S6.40 

«5.80 
$6.20 



Large... 



Large. 



30,000;to 40,000 



Large supply. 



Briquettes . 
French 



Cardiff . 
Cardiff . 



Cardiff 
Cardiff 



400,000 



Very large.. 
2,000 



S6.08 stowed; 
average price 
during year. 
S5.84 f o. h.; 
Austrian Govt, 
contract for 
the year. 
((5.72f.o.b. 



3.50 trimmed 
in bunkers. 



Distance 

trow, coal pile 

to ship. 



Alongside 
coal ing 
wharf, a 
few yards 
only; at 
moorings 
inside the 
mole, Bas- 
sin Nation- 
al, about i 
mile. 



$4.38 



,5,000 at Nice; 1,500 
at Villefranche. 



150 
10,000 



150 
10,000 



»5.75 to 
f . o. b. 



86.25 
H.o.b. 



Coal neatly 
piled on 
quays at 10 
places. 



1 mile. 



FACILITIES OF THE POBTS OF THE WOKLD. 



141 



together with the umcd supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 





Government 




Next coaling 




Manner of coaling, rapid 


coallngf 


Ck>al mining in 


ports en route 


Remarks. 


or slow, etc. 


stations in 


vicinity. 


(the nearest 




vicinity. 




in Ualics) . 




By lighters, from store- 
nouses or railway cars; 


None 


In H^rault, 


Barcelona, 


Total coal output during 




mines of Grais- 


MarsdMes, 


the year 1887 for the 


liability to interrup- 




sesac, about 80 


Toulon. 


Departments of Gard, 


tion, in case of bad 




miles distant 




H^rault, Tarn, and 


weather, through 




by rail; in 




Aveyron amounted, re- 


lighters being p r e - 




Gard, mines of 




spectively, to 1,800,000 


vented from coming 




Bessgges , 




tons, 208,000 tons. 


alongside. 




Fortes, and 
La Grande 
Combe, near 
Alais,aboutlOO 
miles by rail; 
in Tarn, mines 
of Carmaux, 
about 200 miles 
by rail; also 
extensive in 
Aveyron. 




814,000 tons, and 759,000 
tons. Large quantities 
can be brought to Cette 
from mines within 12 
to 24 hours, but the 
railway companies are 
allowed 6 days' delay. 


At coaling wharf, Bassin 
National,by baskets; or 
by large lighters at 


French, at 


In Department 


Algiers, 


Receipts of French coal 


to r p e d 


of Gard, as for 


Cartagena, 


at Marseilles for 4 


depot, for 


Cette; in De- 


Valencia, 


years ending Jan., 
1889, averaged 450,000 


moorings inside mole; 


torp e d 0- 


partments of 
Loire and 


Palma, 


no interruption in 


boats 


Port Mahoii, 


tons per year; importa- 


either ease; 25 tons per 


only; also 


Haute Loire, 


Barcelona. 


tions of coal from Great 


hour. 


at torpedo 


(St. Etienne 


Cette, 


Britain amounts from 




depot at 


and district, 


Toulon, 


300,000 to 450,000 tons 




LaCiotat, 


about 180 miles 


Villefranche, 


per year; coal freights 
from Wales range from 




20 miles 


distant by rail). 


Genoa, 




distant; 


very extensive. 


Spezia, 


$1.64 to $2.32 per ton. 




French, 


3,148,000 tons 


Leghorn, 






large, at 
doflcyard, 
Toulon, 


output 1887; 


Naples, 






lignitic, near 


Messina, 






Fuveau, and 


Palermo, 






40 miles 


Trets, about 15 


Cagliari, 
Malta. 






distant. 


miles by rail. 




Rapid; large lighters; 
small baskets, large 








Dealers* Watson & Parker* 








Savon Freres; Worms, 


force of men; 500 to 1,000 








Josse & Co. 


tons a day. 












French for 


See Marseilles... 


As for Mar- 
seilles. 






torpedo- 






boats. 










Frencli at 


TJniifi* sfiP \r(i r- 


MarseiUee, 
and as for 






dockyard; 


seilles. 






59,000 tons 




Marseilles. 






on hand. 








Bapid, but no special ap- 
pliances for handling; 
flat cars of 10 to 15 tons 








A new coal yard is being 
established. All the 














coal is in briquettes and 


convey coal to desired 








belongs to French Gtov- 


points. Barges of 120 to 








ernment. 


200 tons convey coal to 










vessels at anchor. All 










labor is by hand, and 










hardly sufficient for 










such a great naval es- 










tablishment. 










Men-of-war and all deep- 
draught vessels coal at 
Villefranohe; by large 


French, at 
Villefranche, 


None 


Barcelona, 
Marseilles, 


Importation of coal at 
Nice, 1890, amounted to 




by contract; 




Toulon, 


86,700 tons, chiefly for 


lighters of 80 to 120 tons 


450 tons min- 




Savona, 


use on shore. 


capacity, from Nice or 


imum allow- 




Genoa, 




from Villefranohe; 


able supply 




Spezia, 




rarely interrupted by 
weather. 


on hand. 




Leghorn, 








Ajaccio. 




By lighters, towed along- 
side by steam launches. 


French, 
small, for 


None 


Marseilles, 
Toulon, 


Coal in excess of supply 
on hand can be ob- 






supply of 




Villefranche, 


tained from Marseilles 




torpedo 
boats. 




Bastia, 
Naples. 


with slight delay. 



142 



COALING, DOCKING, AND BEPAIKING 

Exhibit of coal to be had at the following European Station ports, 



Name of port. 



Date, 



Kind of coal 
on hand. 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



Average 

supply during 

year. 



Cost per ton. 



Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 



Bastia, Corsica. 



Savona, Italy . 



Genoa, Italv. 



Spezia, Italy . 



Leghorn, Italy. 



July, 
1886. 



Not. 
1893. 
May, 
1895. 



Sept., 
1896. 
Mar., 
1897. 
Nov., 
1897. 

Mar., 
1888. 

May, 
1895. 



May, 
1895. 



Sept. 
1896. 



Sept., 
1883. 
Dec, 
1893. 
Aug., 
1896. 



Maddalena, , Jan., 

Sardinia.! 1890. 



Civita Vecchia, 

Italy. 



Welsh . . 
English. 



Newcastle . 

Cardiff 

Welsh 

English 

Scotch 



Cardiff 
Cardiff . 



Welsh . . 
English 



Welsh . 



English 

Scotch 

Welsh 

North Country 
Patent Fuel ... 



Welsh . . 
English. 
British . 



1,000 



Ample 
supply. 



%.2b stowed. 



$4.99 alongside, 
$5.11 stowed; 
German Govt, 
contract to 
Apr., 1893. 
$4.86 to $6.30. 



26, 000- 



Newcastle . . 

Cardiff 

Newpelton . 



$4.50 f . o. b. 

$4.26 f. o. b. 

$4.01 f. o. b. 

10c. extra for 

trimming. 

S4.T7 
JJ.77 



Large supply; chiefly ' fo. 80 

property of Italian ' (from dockyard 
Government. by courtesy.) 



1,600 
1,800 



600 
600 



2,500 
3,000 
1,600 



I 500 to 1 
I 1,000 / 



1, 000-^ 



4,000 



4,000 



$4.38 f . O. b. 
$4.02 f. O. b. 
77c. per man 
for trimming. 



Very .short: 
coal piles 
on wharf. 



About i mile. 






$4.86 in bunk- 
ers. 

$4.14 
SI 90 

S5.00 

I2|cents extra 
lor trimming. 



1,600 
1,000 
Not over 
1,500. 

1,500 



$6.76 



I 



40,000 40,000 

(Owned by Italian Govt.; 



$5. 00 to $7. 00 

Delivery and 
stowing, per 
ton, 48 cents. 



600 yds. in- 
side, i mile 
from outer 
harbor. 



1 mile . 



FACILITIES OF THE POKTS OF THE WORLD. 



143 



together with the usual supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 



Government 

coaling 

stations in 

vicinity. 



Coal mining in 
vicinity. 



Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

in italics) . 



Remarks. 



Alongside wharf by bas- 
kets; 300 to 400 tons per 
day; no interruption. 



By large lighters from 
coal piles on wharves, 
or from colliers; 350 to 
400 tons per day; no in- 
terruption. 



By lighters of 100 tons; 
500 tons can be deliv- 
ered in one day; no in- 
terruption by weather. 



By 50-ton lighters; in 
g:ood weather can de- 
liver 200 tons in 12 
hours; 25 tons per hour. 



By lighters, at moorings 
inside breakwater; 150 
tons per day; some- 
times, but rarely, inter- 
rupted in winter; 20 
tons per hour. 



French, for 
torpedo 
boats. 



1 t a lian, 
small, for 
torpedo 
boats (sec- 
o n d a r y 
station); 
also at 
Porto Mau- 
rizio(1887). 



Italian, 
small, for 
torpedo 
boats; Ital- 
ian, large, 
at Spezia. 



76,000 tons 
in the Gov- 
ernment 
dockyard. 



Italian, 
for supply 
of torpedo 
boats; also 
(secondary 
station) at 
Porto Fer- 
raio, Elba. 



At Castella- 
mare. 



1 1 al ian, 
large sup- 
ply main- 
tained; al- 
so, smaller, 
at Porto 
Torres. 



None . 



Lignite, of infe- 
rior quality, 
mined about 
30 miles dis- 
tant. 



None . 



None . 



Villefranche, 
Genoa, 
Spezia, 
Leghorn. 



Barcelona, 

Marseilles, 

Toulon, 

Villefranche, 

Genoa, 

Spezia, 

Leghorn, 

CivitaVecchia, 

Naples. 



Barcelona, 

Marseilles, 

Toulon, 

Ajaccio, 

ViUefranchi; 

Savona, 



Leghorn, 

CivitaVecchia 

Naples, 

Messina, 

Palermo, 

Cagliari, 

Malta. 



Marseilles, 

Toulon, 

Villefranche, 

■Genoa, 

Leghorn, 

Naples. 



Marseilles, 

Toulon, 

Villefranche, 

Genoa, 

Spesia, 

Civitavecchia, 

Naples, 

Messina. 



Marseilles, 

Toulon, 

Villefranche, 

Genoa, 

Spezia, 

Leghorn, 

Maddalena, 

Cagliari, 

Naples. 



Villefranche, 

Genoa, 

Leghorn, 

Ajacmo, 

CivitaVecchia, 

Cagliari, 

Naples. 



Importation of coal from 
Great Britain during 
1890 amounted to 
438,700 tons. 



G. Fortelli is the only 
dealer, and importe 
20,000 tons of British 
coal annually. Mostly 
consumed inland. The 
Government coal is 
screened before deliv- 
ery; screenings are 
gathered and pressed 
into briquettes; equal in 
quality to the coal. 



Henderson & Co. are the 
principal dealers. 



Owned by Florio Eubat- 
tino for use of their 
steamers. 



144 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Exhibit of coal to be had at the foUowing European Station 



Name of port. 



Date. 



Kind of coal 
on hand. 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



Average 

supply during 

ysar. 



Cost per ton. 



Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 



Cagliari, Sardinia. 



Naples, Italy 



Torre dell' Annun- 
ziata, Italy. 



Castellamare, Italy 



Salerno, Italy. 



1884 



Dec. 
1894. 
Mar. 
1895. 



Sept. 
1895. 
Dec. 



May, 



Cardifl , 



1,200 - 1,200 

Excluding Govt, supply. 



Welsh . 
Welsh . 



Large 
supply. 



English 



Nixon's Nav'g'n 
Newcastle . . . 
Pocahontas.. 



Cardifl 

Newcastle . 



Messina, Sicily 



Jan. 
1885. 
Sept. 
1895. 



Welsh . 
British 



British . 



Apr., Welsh . 
1890. 



Millazzo, Sicily.. 



Palermo, Sicilv. 



Marsala, Sicily 



June, 
1895. 



Aug. 
1897. 



1891 



Nov. 
1886. 
Oct., 
1896. 



Oct., 



Best Welsh. 
Newcastle . . 



130,000 tons 
imported 
annually. 



Large supply. 



1,000 



100 
1,500 



(3,000; im-1 
{ ports 1894, i 
1 123,000. 



Cory's Merthyr. 



Welsh . 



Welsh 

English 

North Country . 
Welsh 



Welsh.. 
English 



10,000 
Includ- 
ing Govt, 
supply. 



} 4,000 



Large. 



88.15 

Delivery, per 

ton, 50 cents. 



S4.37 



4.V4 to $4.86 
f.o.b. 



$4.60 to 84.62 
f.o.b. 



About 1 mile. 



300 to 500 ft.. 



$5.71 on board. 



4.86 f. o. b. in 
bunkers. 



b. inl 

■s. f 



24 cents 'extra 
for trimming. 



«.00 stowed. 



10, 000 
Excluding 
Govt. sup- 
ply- 



About 115,000 
kept in 
stock. 



A supply maintained. 



5,000 



5,000| 
2,500 

lOOj 



88.84 to 86.81. 



400 yds. 



$4.14 f. 0. b. in 
bunkers. 

$1.21 extra per 
man for 
trimming. 

$3.86 



$5.60 
$4.26 to $5.25 



$7.00 



Delivery, per 
ton, 40 cents. 



200 to 400 
yds. 



110 yds . 



10 jrds. to 1 
mile. 



1 mile . 



FACILITIES OF THE POETS OF THE WOKLD. 



145 



together with the usual supply on hand, east, ete.^Continued. 



Mfmnetof coaling, rapid 
or dow, etc. 



Governinen.t 

coalin|[ 

stations m 

vicinity. 



Coal mining in 
vicinity. 



Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 



Remarks. 



By lighters of 40 tons ca- 
pacity tovred alongside 
Dy tugs; sometimes, 
but laiely, interrupted 
in winter. 



Eapidly by lighters 

500 to 800 tons can be de- 
livered in 12 hours. 



By lighters, 500 tons per 
day. 



By lighters at moorings 

off mole head; slow. 
By lighters 



By baskets from lighters 
alongside; very rapid; 
merchant steamers 
usually go alongside 
coal wharf. 



By lighters; invariably 
50 to 60 tons per hour. 



Good facilities . 



By lighters; 300 tons per 
day; sometimes inter- 
rupted in winter by 
sea; no coaling at 
night. 



By lighters, at anchorage 
outside of harbor, for 
vessels exceeding 15 ft. 
draught; liable to in- 
terruption, October to 
May. 



Italian, 2,000 
tons Car- 
diff on 
hand. 



At this port 
and at 
Caste 11a- 



4 mines on is- 
land; lignite 
and anthra- 
cite of poor 
quality; total 
output, 15,700 
tons, 1890. 

None 



At Castella- 
mare. 



See Naples. 

At Castella- 
mare. 



Italian for 
torpedo- 
boats; sec- 
ondary 
station. 



None . 



At Castella- 
mare and 
at this 
port. 



Italian, for 
torpedo 



Italian ; 
l.OOOtons; 
secondary 
station at 
Trapani. 



Italian, for 
torpedo 
boats; sec- 
ondary 
station. 



None. 



None . 



Barcelona, 

Port Mahon, 

Algiers, 

Tunis, 

Naples, 

Palermo, 

Malta. 

Barcelona, 

Marseilles, 
Villefranche, 
Genoa, 
Leghorn, 
Civitavecchia, 
Torre dell' 
Annun^iata, 
Salerno, 
Cagliari, 
Palermo', 
Messina, 
Malta. 



As for Naples. 



Leghorn, 

Civitavecchia, 

Naples, 



Palermo. 

Genoa, 

Leghorn, 

Naples, 

Torre dell' 
Aiinunzlata, 

Caglian, 

Palermo, 

Catania, 

Malta, 

Alexandria. 

Add Torre 
dell' An- 
nunziata. 



Naples, 
Messina, 
Palermo. 

Naples, 
Messina, 
Marsata, 
Cagliari, 
Port Mahon. 



Palermo, 

Cagliari, 

Tunis, 

Girgenti, 

Malta. 



Coal importation during 
1891 amounted to 36,000 
tons, of which 35,000 
came from Great Brit- 
ain and 1,000 from 
France. 



Errico Gibson, 39 Strada 
Piliero, acts a£ agent for 
6 importers. 



Principal agent is the 
British vice-consul. 
Vessels at Castellamare 
buy coal at Torre dell' 
Annunziata, whence it 
is delivered in lighters 
at Castellamare for the 
same price as there. 

75,000 tons imported, 1890. 

This is Government coal, 
kept in stone buildings 
under cover. 

Harbor is available only 
for vessels not exceed- 
ing 19 ft. draught. 



Importation of coal from 
Great Britain during 
the year 1890. amounted 
to 80,000 tons. 



Errante Bickards, coal 
dealer, coal signal letter 
R, Int. Code. 



Harbor is available for 
vessels of 20 ft. draught. 



Coal importation during 
the year 1890 amounted 
to 120,000 tons. 



Importation of coal dur- 
ing 1889 amounted to 
6,800 tons; during 1890 
to 1,700 tons. 



12477- 



-10 



146 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Exhibit of coalto be had at the following European Station ports. 



Name of port 



Kind of coal 
on hand. 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



Average 
supply during 



Cost per ton. 



Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 



Girgeuti, Sicily 



Llcata, Sicily . 



Valetta Malta. 



Dec, 
188G. 



Oct., 
1883. 



Apr., 
1890. 



Welsh . 



Welsh.. 
English 



Cardi£E 

Newcastle . 



Cardiff (Cory's 
Merthyr) . 



Ample supply. 



700 
2,500 



25,000 25,000 

15,000 15,000 

Excluding Govt, supply. 



Cardiff . 



Syracuse, Sicily. 



Catania, Sicily. 



Taranto, Italy . 



Gallipoli, Italy . 



Apr. 
1894. 



Mar. 
1895. 
Mar., 
1896. 

1890 



Nov., 
1896. 



1891 



Apr., 
1895. 



Apr., 
1896. 



Jan., 

1891. 



British, private. 

British naval 
coal. 



30,000 

to 60, 000 

35,000 



British 



Cardiff 

Swansea... 
Newcastle . 
Newport. . . 



6,000 



Welsh.. 
English. 
Scotch.. 



Coke 



500 
700 
100 

500 



None for sale . 



3,000 tons im- 
ported dur- 
ing year. 



4,000 



14,000 tons 
imported 
during 
year. 



Total im- 
ported iu 
1894 was 
12,000 tons, 
of which 
7,000 tons 
was fur- 
nished to 
Govt. doclE- 
yards. 

10,000 tons . . , 



5.75 f. o. b. 



86.00 

Delivery and 

stowing, per 

ton, 72 cents. 



J6.08 f . o. b. 
$5.84 f. o. b. 

$5. eof.o.b.; Aus- 
trian Govt, 
contract for 
the year. 

$4.87 alongside; 
$4.99 stowed; 
German Govt, 
contract to 
Apr., 1893. 
$4.86 f. o. b. 

24 cents extra 
in bunkers. 
$4.08 



Inside break- 
water,about 
I mile; out- 
or anchor- 
age, S to 4 
miles. 



250 yds. to 1 
mile. 



Greatest, 
mile. 



$4.01 



$4.50 



1 mile to 
mile. 



«4,86f.o.b. 

$4.74f.o.b. 

$4,26 to $4.38 

f.o.b. 

$4.86 f . o. b. 



1,000 meters 
in Mercan- 
tilcHar- 
bor; 500 
meters in 
More. 



None i None 

Except small Govt, 
supply. 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WOELD. 

together with the usual supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



147 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 


Government 

coaling 

stations in 

vicinity. 


Coal mining in 
vicinity. 


Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest' 

inifoZics). 


Remarks. 


By lighters; 300 tons per 
day; liable to interrup- 
tion at outer anchor- 
age in winter. 

By lighters, outside har- 
bor, for vessels exceed- 
ing 17 ft. draught; liar 
ble to interruption In 
winter. 

By baskets from top- 
weight (pontoon) light 
ers alongside; capacity 
of lighters, about 30 
tons each; coal deliv- 
ered as rapidly as it 
can be stowed, up to a 
rate of 100 tons per 
hour; no interruption. 

(some coal kept in light- 
ers and some on shore; 
it may be obtained day 
or night. 


None 

Italian; 700 
tons for 
use on 
Kwy. 

British;about 
30,000 tons 
Cardiff 
kept on 
hand. 


None 


Cagliari, 

Tunis, 

Palermo, 

Marsala, 

Licaia, 

Malta. 

Cagliari, 
Tunis, 

Messina. 

Gibraltar, 

Algiers, 

Cagliari, 

Tunis, 

Girgenti, 

Lieata, 

Catania, 

Messina, 

Naples, 

Pireeus, 

Alexandria, 

Port Said. 




None . . . . - 


Total coal importation for 
the year 1890 amounted 
to 7,300 tons. 

At this port about 10,000 
tons of coal are kept 
piled on lighters ready 
for immediate delivery. 

E. Tancred Agnis & Co., 
dealers. 






Torpedo- 
boat sta- 
tions at 
Syracuse 
(second- 
ary) and 
at Au- 
gusta. 

Italian, at 
Messina. 

Italian, at 
dockyard; 
secondary 
stations 
for tor- 
pedo boats 
at Cotrone 
andOalli- 
poli. 


None . . 


Malta, 

Catania, 

Messina. 

Naples, 

Messina, 

Malta, 

Taraiito, 

Brindisi, 

Alexandria. 

Malta, 

Catania, 

Messina, 

Patras, 

Zante, 

Argostoli, 

Corfu, 

Brindisi, 

Venice. 


By lighters; rapid; some- 
times interrupted by 
heavy storms, or by 
SE. wind during equi- 
nox; 40 tons per hour. 


None 




None 




By lighters of 10 to 12 
tons; in good weather 
250 tons can be deliv- 
ered in 12 hours; liable 
to interruption during 
"scirrocco" and the 
"tramontane." 






Secondary 
station for 
tor p e d b 
boats. 




Catania, 
Messina, 
Taranlo, 
Brindisi. 


sively in the hands of 
Mr. Oscar Giaccaglia^ 
at present Greek con- 
sul. 









148 



COALING, DOCKING, AND BEPAIEING 

Exhibit of coal to be had tU thefoUomng European Station porta, 



Name of port. 



Date. 



Kind of coal 
on hand. 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



Average 

supply during 

year. 



Cost per ton. 



X>istance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 



Brindisi, Italy . 



May, 
1891. 



British 

Patent fuel . 



Ample supply; 125,000 

tons imported, 1890. 

Ample supply on hand 

at local factories. 



Bari, Italy . 



1891 



S£f -l^ 1 30,000 tons imported] 

French::;:;;::;) per year. I 



Barletta^ Italy . 



Eodi, Italy. 



Ancona, Italy. 



Venice, Italy . 



Trieste, Austria 



Pola, Austria . 



Sept. 
1883. 



Feb., 
1891. 



May, 
1895. 



July, 
1896. 
Nov. 
1896. 



None . 



May, 
1895. 



Aug. 
1899. 

June, 
1889. 



Welsh.. 
English. 
Scotch.. 



Westphalian 

Ocean Merthyr, 

Cardiff , 

Cardiff 



Welsh . 
Scotch. 



Austrian bri- 
quettes. 



Dalmatlan;iI"/«mi'?,V"^ 
Styrian--- I steammg. 



f^:f"^ 



None ... 



Good supply. 



4,500 
2,500 
3,000 
2,000 



8,000 tons im- 
ported dur- 
ing year. 



None . 



300,000 tons 
imported 
annually. 



Ample. 



3,500 
4,500 



Cory's Merthyr 



Total annual] 
imports of 
British 
coals, 140,- 

, 000 tons. J 

Lar^e sup- 
plies. 

Can be had 
at few days' 
notice in 
any quan- 
tity. 



Large supply main- 
tained by Government 
for naval use. 



$5.03 in she;d; 

84.70 in collier. 

$4.80 in shed; 

$4.45 in collier. 

$4.30 in s h e d; 

$4.00 in collier. 

$5.03 in shed; 

$4.58 in collier. 

$5.01 

$5.00 

$5.00 to $5.60 



$5.22 f.o.b. in 
bunkers. 

$4.62 

$5.10 



$3.64 to $4.38 
$6.81 



1 to li miles 
to usual 
anchorage 
for men-of- 
war. 



i mile . 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE "WORLD. 



149 



ioffeiher imih ilie usual supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 





Government 




Next coaling 




Manner of coaling, rapid 


coaling 


Coal mining in 


ports en route 


Itemarks 


or slow, etc. 


stations m 
vicinity. 


vicinity. 


(the nearest 
in italics) . 


J^UJI 1 1 III. lAiJ. 




Italian Govt, 
depot; sup- 
ply ex- 
hausted at 


None ...... 


Malta 
Catania, 


p. and 0. Co. recom- 






menced coaling their 






Messina, 


steamers at this port in 






Taranto, 


the latter part of 1890; 
of the total coal impor- 




date; sec- 




Ban, 




ondary 




Venice, 


tation f orthe year, 72,000 




station for 




Trieste, 


tons were for the patent- 




torp edo 




Corfu, 


fuel works and railway 




boats at 




Patras, 


and28,000 tons for the P. 




Otranto. 




Alexandria, 
Port Said. 


and 0. Co. 


Alongside quay; coal 
trought to ship in carts 


Italian, for 


None 


Corfu, 




torpedo 




SrindiH, 




and passed on board; 
rapid. 


boats; sec- 




Ancona, 




ondary 




Venice, 






station. 




Trieste. 






Manfre d o - 


None .... - 


Corfu 


Only steamers of moder- 
ate size can enter har- 




A.I rill tx^\j %* \j 

nia; secon- 




Brindisi, 




dary sta- 




BaH, 


bor. 




tion for 




Ancona, 






torpedo 




Venice, 






boats. 




Trieste. 




No facilities 


Tremitilds.; 
secondary 


None 


As for Bar- 
letta. 


No harbor; open beach. 








station for 










torpedo 










boats, 1887. 








By lighters; no inter- 
ruption; vessels draw-. 


Italian; also 
secondary 


None 


Corfu, 


There are works at An- 




Brindisi, 


cona for the manufac- 


ing about 20 ft. can 


for tor- 




Bari, 


ture of patent fuel for 
the Soutn Italian Ewy. 


go alongside wharf. 


pedo boats 




Pola, 




at Ortona 




Fiume, 






and Porto 




Venice, 






Corsini. 




Trieste. 




From lighters by tubs 


Italian, at 


In province of 


Brindisi, 


Coal importation at 


and baskets; slow; no 


arsenal. 


Istria, Aus- 


Bari, 


Venice during 1890 


interruption; vessels 




tria, near 


Ancona, 


amounted to 534,000 


not exceeding 21 ft. 




Trieste; coal 


Trieste, 


tons. 


draught can go along- 




of inferior 


Pola, 




side wharf. 




quality; also, 
lignite mine, 
50 miles NW. 
of Venice. 


Fiume. 




By lighters from flied, or 
from steam colliers; if 








Ooal at sheds costs about 








8 per cent more than 


vessel anchored in San 








from collier; colliers are 


Marc basin, 48 cents is 








constantly arriving. 


charged for lighterage 








The three dealers are 


per ton, and 58 cents if 








A. Ivanich & Co., Au- 


in the Molomoeeo; 129 








gustus Medicus, and 










Arturo Dalfiol. 


on board in 12 hours; 










50 tons per hour. 






' 




By lighters; liable to in- 


Austrian, at 


In Ijstria and 


Brindisi, 


Austrian Lloyds have a 


terruption during the 


Pola; Ital- 


Dailmatia, to 


Bari, 


large supply always, 
but none for sale except 


"bora" season; 200 to 


ian, at Ven- 


a Emited ex- 


Ancona, 


250 tons per day. 


ice. 


tent; also in 


Venice, 


to Austrian men-of-war. 






Styria and 


Pola, 


Principal dealers are 






Croatia; more 


Fiume. 


J. Miklancie and Mar- 






extensive far- 




cus Trui. The Austrian 






ther inland. 




briquettes are equal to 






in Hungary, 




the best Welsh coal. 






Moravia, and 










Bohemia. 








Austrian, at 




Venice, 






dock yard ; 




Trieste, 






smaller, at 




Fiume, 






Zara and 




Ancona. 






Sebenico. 









150 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIBINQ 

Exhibit of coal to be had at the foUowing European Station ports, 



Name of port. 



Kind of coal 
on hand. 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



Average 

supply during 

year. 



Cost per ton. 



Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 



Flume, Austria. 



Spalato, Austria . 
Gattaro, Austria . 



Corfu, 

Id. of Ctorfu, 

Greece. 



Poros, 

Id. of Poros, 

Greece. 



Argostoli, 
Id. of Cephalonia, 
Greece. 



Patras, Greece. 



Oct, 
1883. 



May, 
1895. 



1889 



July, 
1888. 
Mar., 
1895. 
Sept., 
1896. 



Mar., 
1894. 



Welsh .. 
English. 



sooj 



«.96 to $7.20 



i mile . 



Welsh . 
Cardiff. 



2,000 
2,500 



20,000 
20,000 



Delivery, per 
ton, 72c. to 96c, 

{5.47 alongside. 
K5.35 f. o. b. in 
hunkers. 



None for sale . . , 



Welsh . 



Government supply for 
naval use. 



S7.91 



I mile . 



Welsh . 



Supply of coal can not 
be depended on. 

2,500 



Sept., Welsh .. 
1883. French . 



Zante, 

Id. of Zante, 

Greece. 



Navarino, Greece. 



Kalomata, Greece . 



Piraeus, Greece . 



Ergasteria, Greece. 



1889 

Sept., 
1896. 



Nov. 
1887. 



Sept., 
1896. 



Sept., 
1883. 



Sept., 
1883. 



July, 
1886. 
Aug., 
1896. 
1897 



Mar., 
1886. 



Welsh 

English 

Cardiff 

Newcastle . 



English. 
Welsh.. 



Standard Mer- 

thyr. 
Cardiff 



Welsh , 



Cardiff 

Newcastle . 



Cardiff 

Newcastle . 

Cardiff 

Newcastle . 
Cardiff 



Cardiff 

Newcastle . 



85.50 to $6.00 



Russian Government 
coaling station. 



760 
350 



20o| 



18,000 tons imported 
during year. 

2,000 to 3,000 



800 



500 to 700 



Supply maintained by 
Government. 



6,500 
3,500 



20,000 



} 7,00o| 



1,000 



20,000 to 25,000 



,ooo| 



$6.60 to $7.20 
$6.00 f . o. b. 



$6.08 at pile. 
$5.48 at pile. 

$5.00 to $6.00 



Prices range 
from $5.81 to 
$9.67; delivery 
and stowing, 
96c.; in au- 
tumn, $1.44. 

$4.15 to $4.40 



$6.28 to $5.52 
$5.04 to $5.28 
Delivery per 
ton, 96c. 

$4.87 to $5.48 

$3.86 to $4.72 
$5.05 



$4.50f.o.b. 



About i mile. 



J mile . 



J to i mile, 
at usual 
ahchoiage. 



About i mile. 



ic'ie£l 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WOBLD. 



151 



together with the usual supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 



Government 

coaling 
stations In 
vicinity. 



Coal mining in 
vicinity. 



Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

in ilaMcs) . 



Remarks. 



By lighters, rapid, and 
small vessels sQongside 
coal hulks; liable to 
interruption in the 
"hora" 



Austrian, at 
Pola. 



See Trieste. 



Austrian . 



By lighters; 200 tons per 
day; liable to interrup- 
tion in winter by wmas 
Irom NW. to NE.; 20 
tons per hour. 



Austrian: 
also at 
Gravosa. 

Greek; small 
supply; not 
regularly 
maintained. 



None . 



Poor facilities; can obtain 
about 50 tons per day; 
liableto interruptionin 
December and January. 



By lighters; 200 tons in 
12 hours; rarely inter- 
rupted. 



By lighters of26to30tons 
capacity; poor facili- 
ties; slow; liable to 
interruption in outer 
port; 10 tons per hour. 



None . 



Greek; 500 
tons (1883). 



Greek, at 
Patras and 
Navarino. 



None . 



None . 



Greek , 



None . 



By lighters if coal is ob- 
tainable; harbor im- 
provements in progress. 



By lighters in harbor; 
slow; liable to inter- 
ruption In spring by 
heavy rains; 40 tons 
per hour. 



By lighters; 30 tons per 
hour. 



Greek, at 
Navarino. 



Venice, 
Trieste, 
Pola, 
Ancona. 



Ancona, 
Brindisl. 



Ancona, 
Brindisi. 



Anconaj 

Brindisl, 

Taranto, 

Argostoii, 

Patras, 

Zante, 

Messina. 



Btlndisi, 

Corfu, 

Patras, 

Zante, 

Messina. 

Brindisl, 
Corfu, 
Argostoii, 
Zante, 



None - 



Lignite atKumi, 
on north coast 
of island of 
Eubcea; unsuit- 
able for steam- 
ing. 



As for Piraeus. 



Messina, 

Brindisi, 

Corfu, 

Argostoii, 

Patras, 

Navarino 

Piraeus. 



Patras, 

Zante, 

Piraeus. 



Patras, 
Zante, 
Navarino, 
Piraeus. 



Malta, 
Patras, 
Zante, 



Syra, 
Dardanelles, 
Smyrna, 
Alexandria. 



Pirseus, 
Syra. 



Dealers are Fischer & 
Bruehl and Joseph 
Miklancie; the latter 
has coal in hulks Inside 
of the Mole Fresca. 
Permission to go along- 
side can be obtained 
and price will be re- 
duced 36 cents per ton. 



1890.— Capacity of Gov- 
ernment coal sheds, 
20,000 tons. 



Russians have owned port 
of Poros, on east coast 
of Peloponnesus, 5 miles 
south of .Sglna Island, 
for 70 years, and have 
recently renewed their 
depot there. 

Coal chiefly In hands of 
mill owners. 



Not recommended 
coaling port. 



1891.— Yearly importa- 
tion of coal from Great 
Britain, 100,000 tons. 



152 



COALING, DOCKINS, AND REPAIRING 

Uxhibit of coed to be had al Hiefollmmng Earopean Station ports. 



Name of port. 



Kind of coal 
on hand. 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



Average 

supply during 

year. 



Cost per ton. 



Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 



Syra. 



Id. of Syra, 

Greece. 



Volo, Greece. 



Salonica, Turkey . , 



Dardanelles, 

Turkey. 



Constantinople, 

Turkey. 



Sept. 
1897. 



1890 



Sept. 
1883. 
1890 



May, 
1884. 



May, 
1892. 



Oct., 
1896. 



Varna, Bulgaria . 



Sulina, Roumania 



Galatz, Roumania 



- Ibtail, Roumania. 



Rustchuk, 

Bulgaria. 



Jan., 

1885. 



Sept. 
1883. 



Cardiff , 



Cory's Merthyr 

English 

Cardiff 



4,000 



70,000 tons 
impo r t e 
in 1896. 



IS) 

1 



$5.23 to J5.0C 



$4.38 stowed. 



^ mile . 



Cardiff. 
British . 



1,200 



1,200 

);000 tons im- 
ported dur- 
ing year. 



British . 



Welsh (Cory's 
Merthyr) . 

Welsh 



Cardiff.....^. 
Newcastle . . . 
North Welsh. 
Lancashire - . 
Turkish 



British 

(Chiefly Welsh.) 



Newcastle . 
Cardiff .... 



5,000 



British . 



16.72 to J7.68 

stowed. 
S.84 to 86.81 

f.o.b. 



?6.81 to $7.30 

Delivery and 

stowing, per 

ton, 48c. to72& 



$6.08 f. o. b.; 

Austrian Govt, 
contract for 
the year. 

$5.60 alongside, 
$5.72 stowed, 
Golden Horn; 
%.33 along- 
side, $6.45 
stowed. Upper 
Bosphorus; 
German Govt, 
contract to 
June, 1893. 
$4.37 to $4.86 
$4.13 to $4.62 



About i mile. 



About 5 mile. 



About i mile, 
at usual an- 
chorage for 
meu-<n-war. 



$3.89 to $4.13 
$3.89 to $4,13 



5,000 tons im- 
ported dur- 
ing year. 



i,ooo| 



$6.00 f . o. b. 



Stowing extra. 



Considerable supply. 



British . 



Welsh 

Hungarian 

(Fiiafkirchen.) 

British 



600 
2,600 



92,000 tons im- 
ported dur- 
ing year. 



250 
2,500 



1,600 tons im- 
ported dur- 
ing year. 



$9.00 to 810.00 

86.11 

Delivery, per 

ton, 20c. to 40c. 



Coal stores 
on river 
bank; SO to 
100 yds., 
according 
to state en 
river. 



FACILITIES OF THE POETS OF THE WORLD. 



153 



io(^lher with the usual supply on hand, coat, etc. — Continued. 





Government 




Next coaling 




Maimerof coaling, rapid 


coaling 


Coal mining in 


ports en route 


Remarks. 


or slow, etc. 


stations m 


vicinity. 


(the nearest 




vicinity. 




in italics) . 




By lighters of 8 to 30 tons 
oaspacity; 200 to 300 


None 


None 


Malta, 


Importations of -coal dur- 






Patras, 


ing 1890 amounted to 


tons per day; no Inter- 






Zante, 


26,000 tons; prices are 


ruption. 1 






Piraeus, 

SafonioAj ' 
Dardanelles, 


usually lowest in Au- 
gust and September. 
























Smyrna, 
Alexandria. 




By lighters when coal is 
obtainable. 


None 


None » 


Syra, 

Ergaateria, 

Salonica. 


Coal is imported. 














By lighters; moderately 


TuJ-klsh; 


None; several 


Piraeus, 




rapid; sometimes inter- 


irregula r - 


deposits un- 


Ergasteria, 




rupted by wind in sum- 


ly main- 


worked. 


Syra, 




mer. 


tained; 
Black Sea 
coal. 




Volo, 
Smyrna, 
Mitylene, 
Dardanelles. 




By lighters of about 5 
tons capacity; 80 to 100 


Turkish; 


None 


Piraeus, 


Yearly coal receipts 
amount to about 3,000 


small sup- 
ply, Black 1 




Ergasteria, 


tons per day; liable to 




Syra, 


tons, imported by the 


interruption, especial- 


Sea coal; ; 




Salonica, 


tugboat company, 


ly in winter. 


irregula r - 
ly main- 
tained. 




Constantinople 
Mitylene, 
Smyrna. 


chiefly for its own use. 


By lighters of 30 to 50 


None (1885) . 


Bitujminons, at 


Piraeus, 


Total arrivals of coal 


tons capacity; 30 to 40 




Heraelea, Asi- 


Ergasteria, 


from Great Britain dur- 


tons per hour; some- 




atic Turkey, 
about 120 miles 


Syra, 


ing 1888 amounted to 


times interrupted by 




Salonica, 


811,000 tons, of which 


southerly winds in 




distant. 


Smyrna, 


317,000 tons were for 


winter, except In the 






Mitylene, 


Constantinople and 


Golden Horn. 






Dardanelles, 

Sulina, 

Odessa, 

Nicolaiei, 

Sebastopol, 

Kertch, 

Novorossisk, 

Batoum, 

Trebizond, 

Heraelea. 


494,000 tons destined to 
Black Sea ports. 


By lighters at anchorage 
in 5 to 10 fathoms. 




None 


Constantinople 
Sulina, 
















Odessa. 




Alongside wharf; rapid; 
by lighters; 200 tons 






Constantinople 
Oaktts, 


Port available for vessels 
of 20 ft, draught. 






per day. 






Odessa. 




By lighters in river; wet 
docks under constmc- 






Sulina 


Navigation interrupt e d 
from middle of Decem- 






IbraU, 


1 tion. 






Eustchuk. 


ber to middle of March. 


: By lighters in river; wet 
docks approacihiiig 






Sulina, 


Danube usually frozen 
over throughout win- 






Galaii, 


completion. 






Bustohuk. 


ter. 


By laborers with baskets; 


Bulgarian, 


None 


Hyrail, 
Galatz, 


Coal from the Funf- 


moderately rapid; no 
interruption during 


at arse- 




kirchen mines is obtain- 


nal, 1883; 




Sulina. 


able to any amount 


season of navigation; 
danger from floating 


no longer 






upon about 3 weeks' 


maintain- 






notice, when river is not 


ice early in season. 


ed, 1891. 






obstructed by ice, ex- 
cept in case of low 
water at Iron Gates. 



154 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Exhibit of coal to be had at the following European Station ports. 



Name of port. 


Date 


Kind of coal 
on hand. 


Tons 

of each a1 

date. 


Average 

supply during 

year. 


Cost per ton. 


Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 


Odes.sa, Russia ' Oct., 


Cardiff 


} 3,000 
5,000 

1 


1 7,500 
6,000^ 


t6.08 

Lighterage and 

stowing extra. 

«6.50 

85.50 


About i mile 
when coal- 
ing by light- 
ers. 


1889. 


Newcastle 

Donetz . . . 




Sept. 
1896. 


Englisli 

Russian .... 




/ 


Nicolaieff, Russia. . 


Oct., 
1889. 


British (for sale) 


1,200 


/ supply. 1 


85. 35 to $6. 08 

84.87 

Delivery extra. 










(Donetz.) 




Sebastopol, Russia. 


Mar. 
1891. 
June 
1894. 


Russian 

(Donetz.) 


Amp 


e supply. 

33,000 
(Russian 
Government 
stores.) 




















Kertch, Russia 


Nov., 
1889. 


Russian 




33,000 
(During sea- 
son of navi- 
gation.) 


84. 38 to 85. 35 






(Donetz.) 






Mariopol, Russia... 


1892 


Russian 


- 


198,000 tons 
shipped,1890. 




Light-dr'ght 
vessels go 
to the coal 
chutes. 




(Donetz.) 






Taganrog and Ros- 
toff-on-Don, 

Russia. 


18Se'.' 


Russian (Donetz) : 
Anthracite ... 
Bituminous .. 


1 Large su 
f frori 


jply directly f 
mines. \ 


84.02 

83.40 

Delivery, 67e. 


About 30 
miles from 
Rostoil to 
Taganrog 
Roads. 


Novorossisk, 


Nov., 
1889. 


Russian 






84. 38 to 85. 86 




Russia. 


(Donetz.) 








Poti, Russia 


Jan., 
1890. 


Native 












(Tkvibul.) 











FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OP THE WORLD. 



155 



together with the usual supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 





Government 




Next coaling 




Manner of coaling, rapid 


coaling 


Coal mining in 


ports en route 


Remarks. 


or slow, etc. 


stations in 


vicinity. 


(the nearest 




vicinity. 




inmaics). 




By lighters, or at wharf, 
with 21 ft. of water 




None 


Constantino- 


Coal receipts, 1890: Great 






ple, 


Britain, 139,000 tons; 


alongside; port often 






Varna, 


Southern Russia, 124,000 


closed by ice in winter. 






Sulina, 


tons. Importation of 
British coal has greatly 








Mcolaieff, 








Sebastopol, 


decreased since duty 








Kertch, 


wag raised, Sept., 1890. 








Novorossisk, 










Batoum. 




At quay; 20 ft. of water 


Russian, at 




Constantino- 


Importation of coal from 


alongside; port kept 


dockyard; 




ple, 


Great Britain fell to 


open by ice breaker 
throughout greater 


1,500 tons 




Varna, 


1,885 tons in 1891. 


British. 




Sulina, 




part of -winter. 






Odessa, 

Sebastopol, 

Kertch, 

Novorossisk, 

Batoum. 






Ku S si ELIl ■ 


None -. . . 


Constant! n o - 


Thfi uss of Russian poal 




6,000 tons 




pie. 


in preference to Eng- 




British 




Varna, 


lish, by vessels of the 




coal r e - 




Sulina, 


Black Sea fleet, was 




ei ved, 




Odessa, 


adopted in 1890, as the 




1890; to be 




Nicolaieff, 


result of the report of 




replaced 




Kertch, 


a naval commission. 




by Rus- 




Novorossisk, 


Importation of foreign 
coal at Sebastopol has 




sian. 




Batoum, 








Trebizond, 


practically ceased since 
duty was increased 








Heraclea. 










(Sept., 1890) from S1.45 
to 82.03 per ton. Rus- 


















sian Government has 










taken the grain store- 










houses, to be used to 










store coal for Black Sea 










fleet. 


By lighters: harbor avail- 


Sebastopol.. 




Sebastopol, 
Marlopol, 


1890.— Minimum depth in 
Yenikale Channel 19 


able only for light- 






draught vessels; navi- 






Taganrog, 


ft.; to be deepened to 


gation interrupted in 






Novorossisk, 


20. 


winter by ice. 






Batoum. 




Vessels exceeding M ft. 




Extensive in 


Kertch, 


The new coal port was 
opened Apr. 25, 1890. 


draught can not enter 




Donetz basin; 


Taganrog. 


the new coal port; 
depth is to be dredged 




output, 1889, 








of 12 collieries 






to 18 ft.; navigation 




on Marlopol 






. interrupted by ice dur- 




branch, Do- 






ing 4 months. 




netz Railway, 
725,000 tons. 






By lighters or steam 




Anthracite a t 


Mariopol, 
Kertch. 


Total coal output of the 
Donetz basin during the 


barges at anchorage in 




Grushef ka 


Taganrog Eoads; navi- 




(AzofE Coal 
Co.); bitumin- 




year 1889 was 3,110,000 








tons. 


end of November to 




ous at Hughes- 
offka (New 






end of March. 












Russia Co.) ; 










also a number 










of other col- 










lieries in Do- 










netz basin. 






At railway jetties, in 24 




None; rail con- 


Sebastopol, 




ft. of water; liable to 




nection to 


Kertch, 




interruption by gales; 




mines of the 


Poti, 




harbor improvements 




Donetz . coal 


Batoum, 




in progress. 




basin. 


Trebizond. 






None in im- 


At Tkvibul 


Sebastopol, 
Kertch, 


No coal imported. 




mediate 


about 80 miles 




vicinity. 


distantbyrail; 
coal of inferior 
quality. 


Novorossisk, 

Batoum, 

Trebizond. 





156 



C6ALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

ExMHt of coal to be had at the following European Station ports, 



Name of port. 



Date, 



Kiud of coal 
■on hand. 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



Average 

supply during 

year. 



Ccst per ton. 



Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 



Batoum, Russia. 



Oct. 



Nov. 
1896. 



Turkish 

(Heraolea.) 



Russian anthra- 
cite. 
Welsh 



4,500 
(Suhject to 
extensive 
fluctuation.) 



Trebizond, 

Asiatic Turkey. 



Samsoun, 

Asiatic Turkey. 



Heraclea, 

Asiatic Turkey. 



Mitylere, 
Id. of Mitylene, 
Asia Minor. 



Smyrna, 

Asia Minor. 



Turkish 

(Heraclea.) 



Small. 



Variable supply. 



$9.00 



Castro, 
Id. of Chios, 
Asia Minor. 



Vathi, 
Id. of Satnos, 
Asia Minor. 



Tigani, 
Id. of 

Asia Minor. 

Suda Bay, Crete . . 



Rhodes, 
Id. of Rhodes, 
Asia Minor. 



Oct. 



Sept. 



Nov., 
1887. 
Oct., 
1888. 



Mar., 
1894. 



Aug., 
189B. 

Oct., 
1885. 

Aug., 
1897. 



Sept., 
1897. 



Sept., 
1897. 



Aug., 
1886. 



Oct., 
1885. 



Bituminous . 
(Native.) 



Cardiff. 



Heraclea 

(Owned by the 
Turkish Govt.) 



Cardiff 

Newcastle 

Cardiff 

(Ocean Methyr.) 



380 
110 



3,000 



Best Cardiff .... 
Nixon'sNav'n.. 
Ocean Merthyr. 
International .. 

Cardiff 

Newcastle 



3, 000 to 
4,000 



Newcastle . 
None 



None . 



None . 



50 
(For 



None . . 



None . . 



None for sale.. 



500 



3,000 



58.64 to 88.88, 

stowed. 
86.00 to 86.24, 

stowed. 



84.38 to 85.35 



i mile . 



About J mile. 



3, 000 to 4, 000 

6;000 to 10,000 

50 
ocal use.) 

None 



5.70 put in 
bunkers. 

84.05 to $5.79 

S6.77 



Ahoutimlle. 



None . 



None . 



None — None 

(Except Govt, supply.) 



Cardiff . 



60 
(For local use.) 



86.90 



About i mile. 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE 'WOELD. 



157 



together wibh the usual swpply on hand, cost, etc. — Oontiiraed. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 



Government 

coalling 

stations m 

vicinity. 



Coal mining iu 
vicinity. 



Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

in italics) . 



Remarks. 



See Poti. 



By lighters at anchorage. 



None . 



None; deposits 
■ Tinworked. 



None . 



By lighters; about 40 tons 
per day; coal brought 
from mines by tram- 
way. 



In bags, from lighters 
alongside; slow; some- 
times, but rarely, inter- 
rupted in winter. 



By lighters or large pon- 
toons; coal passed on 
hoard in baskets; 500 
tons per day; no inter- 
ruption in inner har- 
bor; sometimes inter- 
rupted outside in Feb- 
ruary and March. 



Small sup- 
ply of Turk' 
ish coal 
maintained 
by Govt, 
(for sale). 



Turkish; 500 
tons Cardiff 
on hand 
(1883) . 



Mines 9 miles 
distant; also 
nearKoslu,20 
miles distant; 
output, 30,000 
to 50,000 tons 
per year. 

None 



C o nstantino- 

ple, 
Odessa, 
Sebastopol, 
Kerteh, 
Novorossisk, 
Poti, 

Trebizond, 
Heraclea. 

Novorossisk, 

Batowm, 

Heraclea. 

Batoum, 

Trebiz(md, 

Heraclea. 

ConstantiTiople, 



None . 



Sebastopol, 

Kerteh, 

Novorossisk, 

Batoum, 

Trebizond. 

C o nstantino- 

ple, 
Dardanelles, 
Salonica, 
Smyrna, 
Syra, 
Piraeus. 

C onstantimo- 

ple, 
Dardanelles, 
MUylene, 
Piraeus, 
Syra, 
Beirut, 
Port Said, 
Alexandria. 



No facilities. 



No facilities. 



Turkish, at 
Smyrna. 



None . 



None . 



None . 



No facilities. 



None . 



None . 



By lighters when coal is 
obtainable; liable to in- 
terruption in winter. 



Turkish, at 
dockyard ; 
considera- 
ble supply. 

None 



None . 



None . 



Mitylene, 
Smyrna, 
Syra, 
Piraeus. 



Mitylene, 
Smyrna, 



As for Vathi. 



Beirut, 
Alexandria. 

Smyrna, 
Syra, 
Beirut, 
Alexandria. 



Total coal importation 
during 1888 amounted 
to 59,000 tons, of which 
52,000 tons came from 
Great Britain. 



N. L. Vondopoulos, Brit- 
ish Euteure Coal Co., 
and C. Whitall & Co. 
are the principal deal- 
ers. 



Provision is being made 
for a coaling dock on 
the north side of the 
port. Coal is kept only 
for the Improvement 
Co. for their own, use, 
and in small quantities 
(200 or 300 tons at a 
time.) 



158 



COALING, DOCKING, AND BEPAIEING 

Exhihii of coal to he had ai the following European Station portg, 



Name of port. 


Date. 


Kind of coal 
on hand. 


Tons 
of each at 

date. 


Average 

supply during 

year. 


Cost per ton. 


Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 


Limasol, Cyprus... 
Larnaca, Cyprus. . . 

Mersina, 


Oct., 
1885. 

July, 
1890. 

Oct., 
1883. 
1891 

1897 

Oct., 
1883. 

1885 

Oct., 
188S. 

Oct., 

1887. 

Mar., 
1894. 

May, 
1897. 

Nov., 
1897. 

Oct., 
1896. 
May, 
1899. 
July, 
1899. 

Oct., 
1883. 

Sept., 
1896. 

Sept., 
1896. 


Cardiff 


25 
(For 


25 
oca! use.) 

Uncertain . . 






British 






None . . . . 


None 








Asia Minor, 


■RitiiTTiinnns 


1,500 tons im- 
ported dur- 
ing year. 
400 

None 




IJ miles. 


Alexandretta, 


French bri- 
quettes. 

None 


400 
None 


$5.35 


Asia Minor. 










Tripoli, Syria 




None 

800 

200 

2,000 

3,ooa 

500 
500 
500 








Beirut, Syria 


Newcastle 

Cardiff 


3,000| 

3,000 
500 
500 
500 

1,500 
10,000 


$8.00 to 88.50 
stowed. 

$6.76 

$7.14 


imile 

400 yds. from 
inside 
break- 
water. 




Patent fuel 

(French.) 
French 




Belgian 




Cardiff 




Other English 

coal. 
Marine Merthyr 
Patent fuel 


$8.49 

$6.32 
$6.18 to $6.56 
trimmed. 

$6.15 
$5.84 

$4.50 
$5.60 to $6.59 

$5.60 
not stowed. 








Marine Merthyr 
Patent fuel 










Port Said, Egypt... 


Welsh 


I 






Newcastle 

Cardiff 


/ 








Cardiff 






Sidon, Syria 


None 


None 

Sma 

70 




Haifa, Syria 




1 supply. 

500 






Jaffa, Syria 


Welsh 


$9.00 to $10.00 
$8.00 


i to Imile... 




English 




Patent fuel 




(French.) 







FACILITIES OF THE POETS OF THE WORLD. 



159 



together with the usual supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 



Government 

coaling 

stations in 

vicinity. 



Coal mining in 
vicinity. 



Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

in 



Remarks. 



No lacillties. 



None , 



None . 



By lighters alongside, at 
■ anchorage In road- 
stead, when coal is ob- 
' tainable. 



None . 



None . 



None . 



None . 



No facilities. 



None . 



None . 



None . 



None . 



By lighters of 5 to 7 tons 
capacity; 150 tons per 
day in fine weather; 
liable to delay and oc- 
casional interruption, 
December to April. 



None . 



By large lighters of 50 to 
80 tons capacity; large 
supply kept piled on 
lighters ready for im- 
mediate delivery; 
speed of coaling lim- 
ited only by stowing 
facilities. 



Nonfe . 



None. 



None . 



None . 



By lighters; liable to in- 
terruption by storms, 
December to April. 



None . 



None . 



Smyrna, 
Beirut, 
Port Said, 
Alexandria!" 

Smyrna, 
Beirut, 
Port Said, 
Alexandria. 



Smyrna, 
Beirut, 
Port Said, 
Alexandria. 



Smyrna, 
Beirut, 
Port Said, 
Alexandria. 

Smyrna, 
Beirut, 
Port Said, 
Alexandria. 

Smyrna, 



Port Said, 
Alexandria. 

Piraeus, 

Syra, 

Smyrna, 

Jaffa, 

Port Said, 

Alexandria. 



Malta, 

Messina, 

Brindisi, 

Pirseus, 

Syra, 

Smyrna, 

Beirut, 

Alexandria, 

Suez, 

Perim, 

Aden. 



Beirut, and ai 
for Beirut. 



Beirut, 
Jaffa, 
Port Said, 
Alexandria. 

Piraeus, 

Syra, 

Smyrna, 

Beirut, 

Port Said, 

Alexandria. 



Total yearly coal im- 
portation into island of 
Cyprus, from 1,000 to 
2,000 tons. 



1891.— Coal imported is 
chiefly for use of Mer- 
sina. Tarsus, and Adaua 
Hallway. 



The importation of Brit- 
ish coal amounts to 
from 1,600 to 2,000 tons 
per year, and of French 
briquettes to about 
7,000 tons per year. 



Coal imports for 1890 
amounted to 1,032,585 
tons; freights from 
Cardiff during the same 
year ranged from S1.70 
to $2.68; of the coal Im- 
ported usually about 
seven-eighths is Welsh 
and about one-eighth 
North Countrycoal; coal 
prices at Port Said are 
commonly lower than 
Suez prices by from 
$2.43 to $2.92 per ton. 



Importation of coal dur- 
ing 1891 amounted to 
2,200 tons, chiefly Eng- 
lish, for use on railway 
to Jerusalem, under 
construction. 



160 



COALIKG, DOCKING, AND EEPAIEING 

Exhibit of coal to be had at the following European Station porte, 



Name of port. 


Date 


Kind of coal 
on hand. 


Tone 

of each at 

date. 


Average 

supply during 

year. 


Cost per ton. 


Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 


Alexandria, Egypt 


1889.' 
Oct., 
1893. 
Apr., 
1894. 
Oct., 
1896. 

1889 

Nov. 
1886. 

1892.' 
Aug., 
1897. 

1890 
1891 

im 

Oct.. 
1893. 

May, 
1895. 
Dec, 
1898. 

Oct., 
1887. 

Nov., 
1885. 

Nov., 
1884. 
Nov., 
1894. 
Aug., 
1897. 


Cardiff {Locket's 
Merthyr). 






S7.91 stowed. 
85.60 
$5.49 

84.40 to 86.85 




60,000 


Large 






Welsh.Cambrian 










Tripoli, Tripoli.... 






4,200 tons im- 
ported dur- 
ing year. 

1,000 


Tunis, Tunis 


(Not specified.) 
Cardm . 


500 


$5.00 f. 0. b.; 
stowing, per 
ton, 25 cents. 


About li 
miles. 


Bizerte, Tunis 


Welsh 












imile 






4,000 


7,000imported 
in 1896. 


$4.46 on board. 


Bona, Algeria 




Philippeville, 












Algeria. 
Algieis^ Algeria 


Cardiff.... 


1 


f 


$5.36 stowed. 


imile 

Jmile 




Newcastle 

Patent fuel 

Cardiff 


> Large suddIv. J 




Large 

120,000 and 
i over. 


I 

Large J 

20,000 and 
over. 

16,000 
(10,000 Govt.) 

3,000 

500{ 

1 supply. 

1 supply, for 
iluse. 

1,000 






85.11 stowed; 
$4.86 along- 
side. 

84.2Qstowed iia 
bunkers. 

$4.38 to 84.87 

$7.25 
$6.26 




Newcastle 

Patent fuel 

Best Cardiff .... 
Best Newcastle. 
Cardiff 




imile 

Coal hulk at 
anchorage. 

About imile. 


Oran, Algeria 


Cardiff 


3,000 

800 

Sma 

Only smal 
loc 
700 


Beni Saf, Algeria.! 


Welsh 




English 


Tangier, Morocco. . 


English 






Expensive. 
$5.35 




Cory's Merthyr . 



FACILITIES OP THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 

together with the uiual supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



161 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 



Government 

coaling; 

stations in 

vicinity. 



Coal mining in 
vicinity. 



Next coaling 

ports en route 

(tlie nearest 

in UaZics) . 



Remarks. 



None . 



By lighters alongside . 



By lighters, at anchorage 
in roadstedd; 15 tons 
per hour; liable to in- 
terruption by wind 
from seaward. 



British, at 

Malta, the 
nearest. 

French, at 
Biserta, 
to be es- 
tablished; 
British, at 
Malta. 



None . 



Fairly rapid. 



By lighters or at quay 
side; no interruption 
in either case. 



By lighters or alongside 
c[uay; no interruption 
in either case. 



By baskets from large 
top-weight {pontoon) 
lighters alongside; 10 
tons per hour; no inter- 
ruption. 



In baskets from lighters, 
rapidity depending on 
stowage; large light- 
ers are kept loaded for 
immediate delivery. 
Natives must be 
watched to fill bunk- 
ers properly. 



By baskets from lighters 
of IS to 100 tons capaci- 
ty; rapid; no interrup- 
tion. 



By lighters or alongside 
coal hulk; slow, liable 
to interruption by 
wind from NW. 



By lighters; poor facili- 
ties. 



French, for 
torpedo 
boat^. 



None . 



French Govt, 
has a large 
"war stock" 
and dealers 
f uiruish 
4,000 tons 
annually to 
Govt. 

None in im- 
tuediate 
vicinity. 



None in im- 
mediate 
vicinity. 



British, at 
Gibraltar. 



None. 



None . 



None. 



Port Said, 
and as for 
Port Said. 



Alexandria, 

Malta, 

Tunis. 

Malta, 

Licata, 

Qirgenti, 

Gagliari, 

Bona, 

Algiers. 



Tunis, , 
Cagliari, 
PMlippeviUe, 
Algiers. 

Tunis, 
Cagliari, 
Bona, 
Algiers. 

Malta, 

Palermo, 

Tunis, 

Cagliari, 

PaZma, 

Barcelona, 

Cartagena, 

Oran, 

Malaga, 

Gibraltar. 



Algiers, 

Cartagena, 

Almeria, 

Beni Saf, 

Malaga, 

Gibraltar. 

Algiers, 

Cartagena, 

Oran, ' 

Almeria, 

Malaga, 

Gibraltar. 

Oran, 

Malaga, 
Git>raMar, 
Cadiz, 
Lisbon. 



Coal importation (1890), 
494,500 tons, chiefly 
Welsh. 

Dealers, John Boss & Co. 



M. Bourke and Savon 
Bros, will furnish 
steamers with coal, 
English or French, 
promptly. 



There are 3 large coal- 
dealing Arms at this 
port. 



Mann, George & Co. and 
A. Legemore are the 
two dealers. 



Principal dealer is Worms 
Josse & Co. 



Coal importation during 
1891 amounted to 49,000 
tons. 



Harbor has been im- 
proved since date of 
this report. 



Total coal importation 
(1890) , 1,200 tons. 



12477- 



-11 



162 



COALING, DOCKING, AND BEPAIEING 

Exhibit of coal to be had at the following European Station ports, 



Name o£ port. 



Date, 



Kind of coal 
on hand. 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



Average 

supply during 

year. 



Cost per ton. 



Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 



Rabat, Morocco. 



Mogador, Morocco, 



Graciosa Id., 

Azores. 

Santa Cruz, 

Flores Id., 
Azores. 

Horta, Fayal, 

Azores. 



Angra, Terceira, 
Azores. 

Fonta Delgada, 
St. Michaels, 
Azores. 



Funchal, Madeira 



1885 None. 
1890 



None . 



Dec. 
1889. 



Mar., 
1899. 
June, 



Santa Cruz, 
TenerifEe, 
Canary Ids. 



La^ Palmas, 
Grand Canary, 
Canary Ids. 



July, 
1885. 



July, 
1893. 
Nov., 
1894. 
Dec, 
1894. 
Feb., 
1895. 
Mar., 
1895. 
Mar., 
1899. 
Apr., 
1899. 

Mar., 

1887 

May, 



Jan., 
1898, 
1892 



Nov. 
1895. 



Apr , 

1887. 



Sept., 
1893. 



Cardiff 

Newcastle . 



Cardiff , 



Femdale . 
Merthyr . . 



Cardiff 

Cardiff , 
Welsh . . 
Cardiff . 
Cardiff . 
Cardiff . 
Cardiff . 
Welsh .. 

Cardiff. . 



1,500 
500 



1,000 
1,500 



9,000 
9,000 
8,000 



Cardiff (Tyler's 
Merthyr) . 



Cardiff. . 
Nixon's 
Welsh .. 



Welsh . . 
Euglish. 



7,000 



10,000 



5,000 



I -2, OOoi 



3,000 

9,000 
20,000 
9,000 



35,000 



1 15,000 to 
/ 25,000 
Large 



$8.64 alongside. 



Delivery and 

stowing, per 

ton, 12 cents. 

S5.40 

84.98 



300 to 1,200 
yds. 



Large, 



300,000 and 
over. 



J7.40 stowed. 

f4.87 f. o. b. 

S5.16 

So. 25 

$1.87 1. u. b. 

84.87 stowed. 

86.37 f. o. b. 

r5.25 trinuned. 

86.05 stowed. 
86.93 stowed. 



85.35 

84.44 

85.60 alongside; 

85.72 stowed. 



85.06 alongside. 



85.10 stowed. 



Cheaper than 
at Lisbon. 



300 yds . 



About i mile. 



600 to 800 
yards. 



J to S mile . 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 



163 



together with the usual supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 



Port is supplied with 
lighters. 



By lighters of about 20 
tons capacity; some- 
times interrupted out- 
side breakwater, No- 
vember to March; no 
interruption inside. 



Alongside breakwater by 
baskets; 45 tons an 
hour; at outer anchor- 
age by lighters of 20 
tons. 

Rapid. 



By lighters; rapid; noin- 
terrui)tion( except by 
gales in winter. 



By large lighters of 100 
to 130 tons capacity; 30 
tons per hour; some- 
times interrupted by 
gales in winter. 



By bags from lighters 
alongside; 400 tons per 
day; sometimes inter- 
rupted In winter by 
gales from N£. 

Kapid. 



Government 

coaling 

stations in 

vicinity. 



None . 



None . 



None on Is- 
land. 



None on is- 
land. 



None on is- 
land. 



None on is- 
land. 



None . 



Spanish, 
German, 
French, 
and Aus- 
trian con- 
tracts. 



None . 



Coal mining in 
vicinity. 



None 

None 

None 
None 

None 



None . 
None . 



None. 



None . 



Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

in italics) . 



Gibraltar, 
Cadis, 
Lisbon, 
Madeira. 

Gibraltar, 
Cadiz, 
Madeira, 
Tenerifte. 

Horta, 
PontaBelgada 

Jlorta, 
PontaDelgada 



Lisbon, 
Gibraltar, 
Ponia Delgada, 
Madeira, 
Tenerifle, 
Dakar, 

Porto Grande, 
St. Thomas. 



Horta. 

Ponta Delgada 

Gibraltar, 

Hortaj 

Madeira, 

Tenerlfte, 

Dakar, 

Porto Grande, 

St. Thomas. 



Gibraltar, 

Lisbon, 

Fayal, 

PontaDelgada 

Teneriffe, 

Porta Grande, 

Dakar, 

St. Thomas. 

Gibraltar, 

Lisbon, 

Fayal, 

PontaDelgada 

Madeira, 

Las PalmOS. 

Porto Grande, 

Porto Praya, 

Dakar, 

St. Thomas. 

Gibraltar, 

Lisbon, 

Fayal, 

PontaDelgada 

Madeira, 

Teneriffe, 

Porto GrandCi 

Porto Praya, 

Dakar, 

St. Thomas. 



Remarks. 



Pocahontas coal is to be 
kept on hand (Mar., 
1899). 



Bensaude & Co. are lead- 
ing merchants; ships 
coal day and night 
continuously. 



1890.— Yearly coal im- 
portation ranges from 
65,000 to 80,000 tons; 
prices are usually about 
. |2.50 lu excess of Cardiff 
prices. 



Grand Canary Coaling 
Co. keeps 5,000 tons 
afloat; numerous tugs 
and lighters. 



164 



COALING, DOCKING, AND BEPAIKING 

Exhibit of coal to be had at the following European Station ports. 



Name of port. 


Date. 


Kind of coal 
on hand. 


Tons 

of each at 

date. 


Average 

supplyduring 

year. 


Cost per ton. 


Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 


Porto Grande, 
St. Vincent, 
Cape Verde Ids. 


Sept., 
1890. 

Nov., 
1891. 
1892 


Cardiff 


46,000 
2,000 


40,000 


$8.52 alongside; 
$8.74 stowed. 


i mile to 1 
mile. 


Newcastle 

Cardiff (Cory's 

Merthyr). 
Ceirdifl 


$7.91 alongside; 

$8.15 stowed. 

$7.06 alongside; 

$7.18 stowed; 

German Govt. 

contract to 

Apr., 1893. 


















Mar., 
1894. 


Cardiff 


1,500 
300 


25,000 aver- 
age usually 
on hand. 


$7.44 and $7.20 
for Inferior 
quality of 
Cardiff. 


imile 




Newcastle 


Porto Praya, 
Santiago, 
Cape Verde Ids. 


Dec, 
1888. 


Cardiff 


1,300 


1,500 


Prices are com- 
monly the 
same as at 
Porto Grande. 


600 to 800 
yards. 




Dakar, Senegal 


Mar., 

1885. 


Cardiff 


} Lar 


^e supply. 


$9.20 alongside. 






Patent fuel 




Bathurst, Gambia . 


Sept., 
1883. 


None 


None 


Small supply; 
uncertain. 




Coal stores 
at S. end of 
town. 






Freetown 


1897 

Nov., 
1899. 


Cardiff - 






59.97 stowed. 
$9.74 stowed. 


300 to 500 
yards. 


Sierra Leone. 


Cardiff 


6,000 


6,000 








Sept., 
1896. 




None 


















Grand Bassam, 














(Ivory Coast) , 

Guinea. 






• 








Elmina, 


Nov., 
1889. 


Patent fuel 

(Cardiff.) 


200 


250 


$11.98 stowed. 




(Gold Coast), 

Gmnea. 




Cape Coast Castle, 
(GoldCoastl, 

Gmnea. 


Nov., 
1889. 




None 
















Accra, 














(Gold Coast) , 

Gmnea. 















FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 



165 



together tvith the usaal supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 



Government 

coaling 

stations in 

vicinity. 



Coal mining in 
vicinity. 



Next coaling 

ports en route 

{the nearest 

in italics) . 



Remarks. 



Coal in bags, delivered 
alongside in iron light- 
ers of 20 to 100 tons ca- 
gacity ; ].0 to 20 tons per 
our; no interruption, 
as a rule. 



None; Ger- 
man con- 
tract. 



None . 



By lighters of 70 tons, at 
rate of 20 to 30 tons an 
hour. 



By lighters of about 20 
tons capacity from coal- 
ing station on Quail Is- 
land; no interruption, 
except occasionally in 
October and November. 

By iron lighters of 40 to 
60 tons capacity; excel- 
lent facilities; nointer- 
ruption; steamers of 
Cie des Messageries 
Maritimes coal at this 
port. 



By flat-bottomed boats; 
tornadoes in July. 



By baskets from lighters 
of 3 to 10 tons capac- 
ity; fast: much rain in 
summer; light torna- 
does in April and Octo- 
ber. 



French, at 
Dakar the 
nearest. 



French Govt, 
depot (1888) 



French, at 
Dakar the 
nearest. 



British; 
2,000 tons 
patent 
fuel (1883). 



British, at 
Freetown. 



None . 



None . 



None . 



By surfboats of about 2 
tons capacity; 50 tons 
per day; liable to inter- 
ruption. 



British eon- 
tract; a 
small sup- 
ply main- 
tained. 



British con- 
tract, at 
Flmina. 



British cofa- 
tract, at 
Elmlna. 



None . 



None . 



None . 



None . 



St. Thomas. 

Fayal, 

PontaDelgada 

Lisbon, 

Gibraltar, 

Madeira, 

Teneriffe, 

Las Palmas, 

Porto Praya, 

Dakar, 

Sierra Leone, 

St. Helena, 

Pernambueo, 

Bahia, 

Eiode Janeiro, 



Porto Grande, 

and as for 

Porto Grande. 



As for Porto 
Grande. 



Porto Grande, 
Porto Praya, 
Dakar, 
Freetown, 
Elmina. 

Porto Grande, 
Porto Praya, 
Dakar, 
Bathurst, 
Elmina, 
Fernando Po, 
St. Helena. 

As for Free- 
town. 



Dakar, 
Freetown, 
Elmina, 
Fernando Po. 



Dakar, 
Freetown, 
Quitta, 
Lagos, 

Fernando Po, 
St. Helena. 



Dakar, 
Freetown, 



Fernando Po. 



Freetown", 
Elmina, 
Quitta, 
Fernando Po. 



Coaling business of this 
port amounts to about 
25,000 tons per month; 
freights, from Cardiff 
commonly range from 
$2.25 to J2.75 per ton; 
duty on coal, 32 cents 
per ton. 



Miller, Cory & Co. and 
Wilson BroSi & Co. are 
principal dealers. 



M'iy, 1887.— Steamers of 
English line along Qroid 
Coast will furnish coal 
to men-of-war at 812.17 
to $14.60 per ton f. o. b. 
steamer alongside. 



Coal hulk no longer main- 
tained; vessels coal at 
Elmina. {See Remarks, 
Elmina.) 



(See Remarks, Elmina.) 



166 



COALING, DOCKING, AND EEPAIEING 

Exhibit of coal to be had at the foUoiiAng European Station ports, 



Name of port. 



Quitta, 

(Gold Coast) , 

Guinea. 



Whydah, 



Dahomey. 



Lagos, 
(Slave Coast) , 

Guinea. 



Isabel, . 
Fernando Po, 
Gulf of Guinea. 



Cameroon, 

West Africa. 



Libreville, 
Gaboon River, 
West Africa. 



Banana, 
Kongo River, 
West Africa. 



Kind of coal 
on hand. 



1884 



Mar., 
1889. 



Jan., 
1887. 



Jan., 
1887. 



Welsh 

English 

Patent fuel 



Patent fuel . 
(Trench.) 



Cardiff. 



Cardiff. 



Tons 

of each at 

date. 



Average 

supply during 

year. 



Coal reported obtainable. 



Coal reported obtainable. 



1,000 



Cost per ton. 



1,200 1,200 

Owned by French Govt. 



1,500 to 2,000 



Distance 

from coal pile 

to ship. 



$12.50alongside; 
German Govt, 
contract to 
July 1,1891. 



3.15 alongside; 
sold only by 
courtesy; paid 
for throug-h 
diplomatic 
channels. 



$12.39 alongside; 
61c. per ton 
extra to ves- 
sels outside 
BananaCreek. 

$11.97alongslde. 



200 yards to 
i mile. 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 



167 



together with the usual supply on hand, cost, etc. — Continued. 



Manner of coaling, rapid 
or slow, etc. 



Government 

coaling 

stations in 

vicinity. 



Coal mining in 
vioinitj . 



Next coaling 

ports en route 

(the nearest 

■ i.) 



Kemarks. 



British con- 
tract, at 
Elmina. 



None . 



None . 



By flats carrying about i 
tonseach; slow: heavy 
rollers June to August. 



By surfboats or by light- 
. ers from coal stores 
near Point Pilon, Gra- 
vina Bay; slow; liable 
to interruption in tor- 
nado season. 



By lighters of 30 tons 
capacity, from coaling 
jetty; lighters can not 
go alongside jetty at 
low water; 60 tons per 
day; liable to interrup- 
tion. 

By small steamers, at an- 
chorage off French 
Point, for vessels ex- 
ceeding 15 ft. draught; 
100 tons per day. 



None. 



British, by 
contract. 



German, by 
contract. 



French Govt, 
depot. 



None . 



None . 



None . 



None . 



None . 



Freetown, 
Elmina, 
Whydah, 
Fernando Po. 

Elmina, 
Quitta, 
Lagos, 
Fernando Po. 

Elmina, 
Whydah, 
Fernando Po, 
Cameroon, 
Libreville. 

Freetown, 

Elmina, 

Lagos, 

Cameroon, 

Libreville, 

Banana, 

Loanda, 

St. Helena. 

Elmina, 



Fernando Po, 

Libreville, 

Banana. 

Elmina, 



Fernando Po, 
Banana, 
Loanda, 
St. Helena. 



Fernando Po. 
Libreville, 
U}a7ida, 
Mossamedes, 
St, Helena. 



{See Remarks-, Elmina.) 



Coal importation, during 
the year 1889 amounted 
to 2,316 tons, all from 
Great Britain. 



II. 



PARTICULARS OF DOCKING AND REPAIRING FACILITIES OF 
THE PORTS OF THE NORTH ATLANTIC, SOUTH ATLAN- 
TIC, PACIFIC, ASIATIC, AND EUROPEAN STATIONS. 



169 



170 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIBING 

Particulars of docking and repairing 



Name of port. 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin drj; docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



Length. 



Over Over 
all. blocks. 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 

on sill, 
H.W., 
ordin'y 
springs. 



Rise of tide. 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



Port Arthur, 

Ontario. 

Duluth, Minn 



West Superior, 

Wis. 



Ashland 
and Washburn, 
Wis. 



Feet. 



Feet. 



Feel. 



Feet. 



None . 



Dry Dock 

(Amer. Steam Barge Co.) 
Dry Dock (building) 



537 



f 65. 9 1 
\ 50 / 



No tides. . 



Marquette, Mich . 



SaultSte. Marie, 
Mich. 

Gladstone, 
and Escanaba, 
Mich. 



Green Bay, Wis... 
Manitowoc, Wis.. 



1895 
1898 



Dry Dock (proposed) . 
None 



Sheboygan,Wis--. 
Milwaukee, Wis . . 



Chicago, 111 . 



1898 



1891 



Dry Dock 

Floating Dock (350 tons) 



Floating Dock (400 tons) 



342 
150 



No tides.. 



Timber No. 1 

Timber No. 2 

Floating (600 tons) . 



365 
312 



355 
312 



16 
15J 



No tides. 



Miller Bros . 
Miller Bros . 
Miller Bros . 



310 
280 
260 



Chicago Shipbuilding Co. . 



500 



14 
12 
10 



18 



No tides. 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WOKLD. 

fddliiies of the following Lake ports. 



171 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can be made. 


Pipes : Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings : 
Weight 

of largest 
that can 

be made. 


Remarks. 


Clyde Iron Co 


1892 


Engines; 
all ordina- 


8 in. diam., 
forged; 19 
f t. 1 n g, 


No facilities. 


4 tons 


Facilities for minor 
repairs afforded by 






ry repairs. 






R. R. and other ma- 








turned. 






chine shops. 


American Steam 


1899 


Large 










Barge Co. 














Lake Shore Iron 
Works. 


1898 


Machinery 






















R. R. machine shops 














at Escanaba. 


Manitowoc Steam 


1898 










Largest vessel docked 
in dry dock, Vir- 


Boiler Works. 
























ginia, 269 by 38 ft., 














1,,606 tons, 18 ft. 

1 


Milwaukee Boiler 
Co. 


1898 


Boilers 
only. 


















Vulcan Iron Works 
(SheriflfsMfg.Co.) 


1898 


Engines; 
all ordina- 


16 in. diam., 




13 1 n s ; 
screws 


The floating dock is 


20 ft. long, 




in 4 sections. 






ry repairs. 


turned. 




ofUfU 
diam. 




Chicago Shipbuild- 
ing Co. 


1898 


Hulls and 
machin- 








Facilities for all kind 








of repairs to hulls 






ery. 








and machinery; ex- 
tensive shipbuilding 
plant; 100-ton sheers. 


Chicago Steam Boil- 
er Works. 


1898 


Boilers 
only. 


















Excelsior Iron 
Works. 


1898 


E n g i n es 
and boilers. 


6 in. diam., 
forged; 8 




None. 














in. diam.; 














34 ft. long, 














any diam.; 














17 ft. long. 














turned. 








Gt. Western Steam 


1891 


Boilers 














only. 










Kroeschell Brothers. 


1891 


Boilers 

only. 
Boilers 










Northwestern Boil- 


1891 










i er Works. 




only. 










■ Pacific Boiler Works . 


1891 


Boilers 
only. 










Samson Steam Forge 


1892 


Heavy forg- 


12 in. diam.. 


2 in. diam.. 


None. 




Co. 




ingsmade 
and finish- 
ed. 


18 ft. long, 
forged and 
turned. 


welded by 
electricity. 






Tarrant, Robert 


1892 


Engines; 


30 in. diam., 


No facilities. 


20 tons. 




(Marine Engine 
Wks). ■ 




all ordina- 


35 ft.; long, 






1 




ry repairs. 


turned. 






J 


Tobm & Hamler 


1891 


Engines 










Mfg. Co. 




and boilers. 








: 


United States Boiler 


1891 


Boilers 










• Works. 




only. 








i 


■ Variety Steam Boil- 


1891 


Boilers 










', er Works. 




only. 










. Vulcan Iron Works. 

i 


1898 


Engines; 
all ordina- 
ry repairs. 
Boilers 


No facilities 
for heavy 
forgings. 


36 in 


6 tons. 


i 


Washington Steam 


1891 










Boiler Works. 




only. 











172 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Particulars of docking and repairing facUilies 



Name of port. 



Date, 



Docks, etc. 
(Basin dr;^ docks, unless 
otherwise stated.) 



Length. 



Over Over 
all. blocks. 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 
on sill, 
H.W., 
ordin'y 
springs. 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



Rise ot tide. 



Grand Haven, 

Mich. 



Collingwood, 

Ontario. 



Owen Sound, 

Ontario. 



Bay City, 
West Bay City. 
Saginaw, and 
East Saginaw, 
Mich, 



1897 



1897 



Port Huron, Mich. 



Port Sarnia, 

Ontario. 



Detroit 
and Wyandotte, 
Mich. 



1898 



1883 



1898 



Floating sectional, wood . 
(T. W. Kirby.) 



Dry Dock 

(Collingwood Dock Co.) 



Feet. 



Feet. 
140 



Dry Dock 

(Poison Iron Works Co.) 



Bay City Dry Dock 

(East Side.) 

Sectional, floating, 4 boxes. 

(P. W. Wheeler & Co.) 



Dry Dock, timber, new 

(Dunford & Alverson.) 
Floating (1,000 tons ) 

(Wolverine Dry Dock Co.) 



300 



316 

165 



412 
210 



None . 



Detroit Dry Dock Co.: 
Upper docks (Orleans si) — 

Timber, new 

Timber, old (dilapi- 
dated) 

Lower docks (Spring- 
wells)- ^ 
Clark, No. 1, timber . . . 
Clark, No. 2, timber . . . 
Detroit Boat Works: 
Marine Railway (for ves- 
sels 150 ft. long) . 



378 
245 



360 
220 



392 
195 



365 
245 



13i 
11 



No tides . 



No tides . . 



No tides 



18 No tides . 
13 



No tides.. 



FACILITIES OF THE POETS OF THE WOELD. 

of the following Lake ports — Continued. 



173 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can be made. 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings; 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 


Remarks. 


Grand Haven Iron 


1898 


Engines; 
all ordi- 


24 in. diam., ;No facilities. 


5 tons 


At Montague, 25 


Works (Henry 




20 ft. long. 






miles distant, the 


Bloecker&Co.). 




nary re- 
pairs. 


turned. 






Montague Iron 
Works (Wilson & 


Ferrysburg Steam 


1891 


Boilers 








Hendrle) have 


Boiler Works 




only. 








built marine en- 


(Johnston Bros.) . 


1898 










gines of 46 in. L. P. 
cylinder diam. 

Facilities for all 












kinds of repairs. 


Poison Iron Works.. 


1890 


Hulls and 








Poison Iron Works 






machin- 








Co. have built steel 






ery; large. 








vessels up to 2,600 
tons register; also 
marine engines of 
46 in. L. P. cylin- 
der diam. 


Wheeler, P.W.,& Co. 


1898 


Hulls and 


6 in. diam., 


Any size 


None 


50-ton sheers at this 


(West Bay City). 




engines; 
large. 


10 ft. long, 
forged and 






shipyard. The ma- 
chinery for steam- 








turned. 




ers built at West 


Davidson, James 


1891 


Wood and 






Bay City is chiefly 
cpnstructed by the 


(West Bay City). 




composite 










hulls only. 




1 


Frontier Iron 


Bartlett,A. F.,& Co. 


1891 


Machinery 




! 


Works, and River- 


(East Saginaw) . 






1 


side . Iron Works, 


Hicks & Bros 


1891 


Machinery; 






Detroit. 


(Saginaw) . 




largfe. 
Machinery 




j 




Marine Iron Works. . 

(Bay City). 
National Boiler 

Works (Bay City) . 


1891 










1 




1891 


Boilers 
only. 




1 












WickesBros 


1898 


Engl nes 
and boil- 


20in.diam., 


No facilities. 


14 tons... 


20-ton sheers. 


(East Saginaw). 




24 ft. long. 




■ 








ers; large. 


turned. 








Dry Dock Iron 


1898 


Machinery 










Works. 














Phcenix Iron Works. 


1898 


Engines 
and boil- 






















ers; large. 












1883 










Two machine shops. 
The works of the 


Detroit Dry Dock 
Co. 


1898 


Hulls, en- 
gines, and 


12 in. diam. 












Detroit Dry Dock 






boilers; 








Co. comprise a 






large. 








wooden shipbuild- 


Brennan, John, &Co. 


1891 


Boilers 








ing yard, dry docks, 
engine and boiler 






only. 








Central Boiler 


1891 


Boilers 








works, and repair 


Works. 




only. 








shops, at toot of 


Detroit Boat Works. 


1891 


Hulls; 
small. 








Orleans street, De- 
troit; steam forge 


Detroit Sheet Metal 


1891 


Copper- 
smithing. 








and dry docks at 


and Brass Works. 










Springwells, and 


Eagle Iron Works. . . 


1891 


Machinery 








iron and steel smp- 
building yard at 
Wyandotte. There 
are 100-lon sheers 
at the new dry 
dock 


Frontier Iron Works 


1898 


Engine s ; 


Tin. diam.. 


No facilities. 


10 tons. 


Have built engines 






large. 


16 ft. long, 
forged; 
any diam.; 




iron; 
i ton. 


of 62 in L. P. cyl- 
inder diam. 










brass. 










22 ft. long, 














turned. 








Riverside Iron 


1891 


Machinery 








Have built engines 
of 50 in. h. P. cyl- 


Works (Samuel F. 
Hodge & Co.). 






« 














inder diam. 



174 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIBING 

Particulars of docking and repairing facilities 



Name of port. 



Date. 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



Length. 



Over 
all. 



Over 
blocks. 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 
on sill, 
H.W., 
ordin'y 
springs. 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



Rise of tide, 



Windsor, Ontario 



Toledo, Ohio. 



Sandusky, Ohio. 
Lorain, Ohio 



Cleveland, Ohio.. 



Ashtabula, Ohio . - 
Erie, Pa 



Buffalo, N.Y. 



J%rf. 



Feet. 



Feet. 



Feet. 



Craig Shipbuilding Co.: 

No.l 

No.2 

A, Gilmore & Sons 

Patent Slip 

(1,500 tons.) 



Patent Slip 

(300 tons.) 



425 
450 
230 



400 
200 
230 
200 



140 
(cradle) 



Cleveland Shipbuilding Co. 



Shipowners' Dry Dock Co.: 

Wood No.l 

Wood No.2 

Cleveland Dry Dock Co. 
wood. 



560 



325 



None . 



Union Dry Dock Co : 

No.l 

No.2 

Eobt. Mills* Co.: 

No.l 

No.2 



545 



440 
300 
340 



3-18 
349 



390 
295 



340 
341 



370 
281 



66 



8J 
17 



16 

13i 

20 



No tides... 



No tides. 
No tides. 



14 
lis 



No tides.. 



FACILITIES OF THE POETS OP THE WOELD. 

0/ ihe following Lake ports — Continued. 



175 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts; Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can be made. 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
than can 
be made. 


Remarks. 


Kerr Machine Co 


1898 


Large 


Any diam.. 




10 tons. 










30ft.long. 








Craig Shipbuilding 


1898 


Hulls and 


No faculties 


No facilities 


None 


40-tou sheers. 


Co. 




small 
engines. 


for large 
work. 








Eagle Machine and 


1898 


Engines. 










Iron Works, 














Toledo Foundry and 


1898 


Machinery. 










Iron Works. 














Monk, John E 


189:i 


Hulls and 
engines; 
small. 


8 in. diam., 
turned. 


No facilities 


None 


In addition there are 
several machine 
and boiler shops. 


Koot.H.D 


1891 


General 








Facilities for minor 






repairs; 








repairs to machin- 






small. 








ery at R. R. shops. 


Cleveland Ship- 


1808 


Hulls, en- 


6 in. diam.. 


12 in 


26 tons... 


45-ton sheers. All fa- 


building Co. 




gines.and 
boilers; 
large. 


forged; 18 
in. diam., 
turned. 






cilities for repairs. 


Cleveland City 


1892 


Heavy forg- 


Any diam., 


No facilities 


None 


Made shaft for Str. 


Forge and Iron Co. 




ings made 
and finish- 
ed. 


60 ft. long, 
up to 100 
tons wt., 
forged and 
turned. 
6 in. diam., 






Puritan, Fall River 
Line, 31 in. diam., 
37 ft. long, weighing 
42 tons. 


Globe Iron Works... 


1898 


Hulls, en- 


24 in 


12 tons... 


80-ton sheers. 






gine8,and 


20 ft. long. 












boilers; 


forged; 
anydiam., 












large. 














18 ft. long, 














turned. 








Chase Machine Co . . 


1892 


Ordinary 

eng i ne 

repairs. 

Machinery; 


15 in. diam., 
turned. 


No facilities 


None. 




Continental Ma- 


1891 










chine Co. 




small. 










Excelsior Iron Wks. 


1892 


Machinery. 










Eiver Machine and 


1891 




^ 








Boiler Works. 














McKinnon Iron 


1892 


Engines 
and boil- 


20 in. diam., 


No facilities 


26 tons... 


Several machine 


Works. 




21 ft. long. 






shops at Ashtabula. 






ers. 


turned. 








Stearns Co 


1898 


Large 


12 in. diam., 
25 ft. long. 




23 tons. 










Erie City Iron 


1898 


Engines 
and boil- 


10 in. diam.. 


24 in 


15 tons. 




Works. 




20 ft. long. 












ers; large. 


forged and 
turned. 








Union Dry Dock Co. 
Bell, David 


1898 


Hulls only; 

large. 
Hulls only. 




. 




50-ton sheers. 


1891 










Case,W.A 


1892 


Copper- 
smitning. 






















Delaney Forge and 


1892 


Heavy forg- 
ings made 


45 ;t. long. 


No facilities 


None. 




Iron Co. 




anydiam.. 












and finish- 


up to 25 












ed. 


tons wt., 
forged ; 
55It.long, 


























turned. 








Eagle Boiler Works 


1891 


Boilers 










(M.Eiter). 




only. 










Farrar & Tref ts 


1892 


Engines 
and boil- 


No forge... 


No facihties 


7 tons. 




















ers. 








, 


King Iron Works . . . 

Lake -Erie Eng'g 
Works (Hammond 
& Coon) . 


1891 


Machinery; 

large. 
Engines 

and boil- 








Casting propellers a 


1898 


36 in. diam., 




Large en- 


specialty. 




30 ft. long, 




gine cast- 






ers; large. 


turned. 




ings; 30 














tons. 




Tifft, Geo.W., Sons 


1892 


Engines 
and boil- 


20 in. diam.. 


No racilities 


16 tons. 




&Co. 




forged; 












ers; large. 


30 ft. long, 
turned. 









176 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Parliadarg of docking and repaifrng facQMei 





Date. 


Docks, etc. , 
(Basin dry docks, unless 
otherwise stated.) 


Length. 


Width 
at en- 
trance. 


Depth 
on sill, 

H. W., 
ordin'y 
springs. 


Rise of tide. 


Name of port. 


Over 
all. 


Over 
blocks. 


Sp'gs. 


Neaps 


Port Colborne, 

Ontario. 

St. Catherines, 

Ontario. 

Port Dalhousie, 
Ontario. 

Hamilton, 

Ontario. 


1884 
1898 

1897 
1898 

1898 
1883 




Feet. 


Fed. 


Fed. 


Fed. 


No tides... 


Shiclnna's Dry Dock 

Dry Dock (Muir Bros.) 


146 
260 




24 
46 


9 

101 


No tides... 


255 


No tides.. . 




198 




43 


12 


No tides... 


Port Hope 
and Coburg, 

Ontario^ 

Charlotte, N. Y ... 


(Toronto Bay Dock Co.) 
None ... 




































Oswego, N.Y 


1898 
1898 
1898 

1898 
1898 


Dry Dock 




200 


1.5 




Noti 


ies- . . 






Belleville, 














Ontario. 

Kingston, 

Ontario. 


Government Dry Dock 


313 
180 


250 
180 


55 
81 


18 
10 


Noti 


les... 







Partieidars of docUng and repairing faoUUies 



Bi;ockville, 
















Ontario. 
Ogdensburg, N. Y . 


1887 
1898 


Dry Dock 








Noti 


ies... 


Prescott, Ontario . 


None 























FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WOELD. 

of the follomng Lake ports — Continued. 



177 



Shipyards, machine 

shopS; etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
canoe made. 


Kpes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
■that can 
be made. 


Kemarks. 


















1883 

1883 

1892 
1892 

1887 
1898 

1887 
1887 

1883 

1898 










Facilities for minor 












repairs to machin- 
ery. 

Wooden shipbuilding 
is carried on. 


Beckett Engine Co. . 
Mona Iron Works. . . 

Doty, John, Engine 

Co. 
Inglis, John, & Sons . 

Toronto Engine 
Works. 


Machinery; 

small. 
Machinery; 

small. 

Ordinary 
repairs. 
Engines 
and boil- 
ers; large. 
Machinery. 
Large, to 
engines. 














be done by both es- 
tablishments men- 
tioned. 

Good work can be 


Forge 6 in.; 
turn any 
diameter. 

Any diam., 
20 ft. long, 
turned. 




20 tons. 


done by all the es- 
tablishments men- 




tioned. 

A machine shop at 
Port Hope ana one 
at Coburg. 




















ester. 


Klngsford,T.,&Son. 
Vulcan Iron Works . 


1888 
1898 

1898 
1890 

18&8 
1898 


Machinery; 

small. 
Machinery; 

small. 








No shipbuilding at 
Oswego. 


6 in. diam., 
25 ft. long. 


Ordinary 
sizes. 


4i tons. 


Brown, G. & J., Man- 
ufacturing Co. 

Canadian Locomo- 
tive and Engine 
Co. 

Kingston Foundry.. 










for machinery re- 
pairs. 

Two good shops at 
Belleville. At Des- 
eronto, 16 miles dis- 
tant, a dock and 
yard for small ves- 
sels of 150 to 200 tons 
register (1883) . 

Most extensive engine 
works in Canada. 

Cylinders of 48 in. 
diam. have been 
cast; propellers of 12 
ft. diam. 


Large, to 
machinery. 

Engines 
and boil- 
ers; large. 






12 tons. . . 
14 tons. . - 


1« in. diam., 
18 ft. long. 







of the follomng St. Lawrence River ports. 





1883 
1898 








A foundry and ma- 
chine shop. 

Facilities for machin- 


















ery repairs. 
No facilities 















12477- 



-12 



178 



COALING, DOCKING, AND EEPAIBING 

Purtk-ulars of dockhuj <nid irpairititj facilitie.i qftlie 



Name of port. 



Montreal, QiK-bcc. 1898 
: 1898 



1898 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



Length. 



Over 
all. 



Sorel, Quebec. 



Thruc Rivers, 

Quebec. 

Quebec, Quebec . 



Government, Ko. 1 . 
A. Cantin, No. 2 



Pect. 
300 
360 



No. 1 Basin . 



Over 
blocks. 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 


Depth 
on sill, 
H.W., 
ordin'y 
springs. 


Feet. 
45 
45 


Fed. 
10 
11 



Rise of tide. 



Sp'gs. [Neaps 



200 
(wide) 



No tides. 



1883 














1898 

1898 

1898 
1898 


Davie's,Floating,No.l (2,175 
tons) . 

Davie's,rioating,No.2(l,605 

tons). 
Harbor Commissioner's, 

stone. 

Wolfe's Cove (building) 

Russell's, Floating (2,500 

tons). 
Davie s Patent Slip 


236 

180 

484 

800 
225 


236 

180 

445 

64 


39 

62 

IS 
4U 


1 

13 17i 

1 
13 


12 


26i 1 

■■■"iai'i 

10 1 

1 




1898 


150 
(cradle) 




Wolfe's Cove (Jridiron 


200 




1898 




, i 


1898 


Louise Basin 




2,400 




66 


35 , 









Particulars of docking aud impairing facUiMes 



Gasp^i Quebec... 

Newcastle, 
New Brunswick. 

Summersidc, 
Prince Edward 
Island. 

Tidnish, 

Nova Scolia. 



Charlottetown. 
Prince Edward 
Island. 



1883 
1883 





j ' 






1"' i ; 

1 1 






i 
1 








Hydraulic Lift 




235 


60 


20 






(Chignecto Marine Trans- 
port Ewy.) 























FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 

following St. Lawrence Riivr ports — Continued. 



179 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having xN„t„ 
facilities for repairs "'^^^ 
to steamers. I 



White, W.C 

Laurie Engine Co. . 



1891 



Caledonian Iron | iy98 
Works. 



Gartle & Co 

Allan Steamship Co. 



Beauchemin & Fils 



None. 



Carrier, Lain6 & Cie. 
(Levis) . 

Davie, <J.T. (Levis).. 



1890 



Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 



Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
canbemade. 



Hulls only 
Hulls and 

engines ; 

large. 



Hulls and 
engines ; 
large. 



Hulls and 
machin- 
ery. 



Engines 
and ma- 
chinery ; 
large. 

Hulls and 
machin- 
ery; large. 



Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 



loin, diam., 
25 ft. long. 



Any size. 



Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 



Remarks, 



30 tons." 



Any size. 



Tliere are machine 
shops connected 
with b oth dry 
docks; also several 
smaller ones along 
river front. 

The docks are in the 
Lachine Canal. No. 
1 is situated about i 
mile from the har- 
bor, and 2 locks, 
each 270 ft. long, 45 
ft. wide, and 18 ft. 
deep, have to be 
passed before reach- 
mgit. A third lock 
of similar dimen- 
sions has to be pass- 
ed before reaching 
No. 2 Dock. Larg- 
est vessel docked 
in No.2 Dock, Peace, 
258 ft. long, 36 ft. 
beam. No. 1 Basin 
entered by lock 270 
ft. long, 45 ft. wide, 
18 ft. on sill. 



Several machine 
shops in city. 



Vessels longer than 
the dock have been 
accommodated i n 
Davie's No. 1 Dock, 
by building a water- 
tight compartment 
at the end. Largest 
vessel docked in the 
Harbor Commis- 
sioner' s Dock, 400 ft. 
long, draught 21 ft. 



of the following North Atlantic Station ports. 





1884 
1883 

1883 
1891 

1898 
























None 










is carried on. 
Wooden shipbuilding 












is carried on. 


McKinnion & McLean 
;, . (Bsdale Foundry.) 


Engines 
and boil- 
ers; small. 


9 in. diam. 
16 ft. long. 


8 in 


6,000 lbs . 


ordinary use as a 
dock, but for lifting 
vessels of 2,000 tons 
for transportation to 
Amherst, Bay of 
Pundy, 17 miles dis- 
tant. 

Two machine shops at 




which small repairs 
can be made. 



180 



COALING, DOCKING, AND KEPAIKING 

Particulars of docking and repairing facilities of the 



Name of port. 


Date 


Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 


Length. 


Width 
at en- 
trance. 


Depth 
on sill, 
H.W., 
ordin'j 
springs 


Rise of tide. 


Over 
all. 


Over 
blocks. 


Sp'gs 


Neaps 




1898 
1898 


Patent Slip (1,400 tons) 


Fed. 


Feet. 
232 
(cradle; 

178 
(cradle; 


Feel. 
40 

40 


liet. 
F'd,13; 
aft, 20. 

F'd,12; 
aft, 18. 


6 


4 


Nova Scotia. 


(Pictou Marine Ewy.Co.) 
Patent Slip (800 tons) 




New Glasgow, 


(J. &J. Yarstin.) 








Nova Scotia. 
Georgetown, 


1899 

1899 

1899 

1883 
1884 
1898 

1898 
1898 

1898 

1898 

1898 
1898 


None 














Prince Edward 
Island. 

Souris, 
















Prince Edward 
Island. 

Port Hood, 
















Cape Breton Id., 
Nova Scotia. 

Amherst, 


None 














Magdalen Ids. 
Tilt Cove, 


None 














Newfoundland. 
St. Johns, 


Angel & Co. , wood 


630 

135 
260 

460 
300 


558 


86i 
49 


25 

Hi 

F'd, 9; 
aft, 12. 

9i; 13i 
SJ; Hi 


3» 


... 
3f 


Newfoundland. 


Floating Dock (300 tons) ... 
Patent Slip 


Harbor Grace, 


90 
(cradle) 

150 

(cradle) 

75 

(cradle) 


4i 
6i 

5 


2 

44 

4 


Newfoundland. 

St. Pierre, 

Miquelon Ids. 


Patent Slips : 

No.l 






No.2 







No. 3 (building) 




Sydney, and 

North Sydney, 
Cape Breton Id,, 


North Sydney Patent Slips 
(Archibald & Co.): 
No.l (1,000 tons) 




220 
(cradle) 

100 

(cradle) 

96 

(cradle) 


40 


F'd,14; 
aft, 16. 


Nova Scotia. 


No.2 (250 tons) 






No.3 (250 tons) 






F'd.lO; 
aft, 12. 


Lingan, 








Cape Breton Id., 
Nova Scotia. 

Cow Bay, 


1883 

1883 

1891 

1898 
1898 
1898 


None 












Cape Breton Id., 
Nova Scotia. 

Louisburg, 


None 














Cape Breton Id., 
Nova Scotia. 
Arichat, 


None 














Madame Id., 
Nova Scotia. 

Port Hawkesbury, 


Patent Slip 




200 

(cradle) 

96 

(cradle) 

66 

(cradle) 


45 
(cradle) 

30 
(cradle) 

29 
(cradle) 


20 on 
blocks. 

18 on 
blocks. 

16 on 
blocks. 


a 


3 


Cape Breton Id., 
Nova Scotia. 


Patent Slip 






Patent Slip 




1 






















" "-'rW 



FACILITIES OF THE POETS OP THE WOULD. 

following North Atlantic Station ports — Continued. 



181 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
canbemade. 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 


Remarks. 


Matheson&Co 

Nova Scotia Steel Co . 

Nova Sootia Steel 
and Forge Co., 
Limited. 

None 


1898 
1898 

1898 

1899 

1899 

1899 

1883 

1884 

1S91 
1898 

1898 


Engines 
and boil- 
ers; large. 

Engines 
and ma- 
chinery ; 
large. 

Large 






12,000 lbs. 
15 tons... 

20 tons. . . 




26in.diam., 
87 ft. long. 

22 in. 








Cylinders can be cast 
up to 6 tons. 
















Wooden shipbuilding 
is carried on. 












None 
























Simpson, J.E.,&Co. 

,Terra Nova Foundry 
and Boiler Works. 

Victoria Engine and 
Boiler Works 
(James Angel) . 


Large, of 
all kinds. 

Large, to 
machin- 
ery. 

Large, to 
machin- 
ery. 








Shops connected with 

dry dock. 
40-ton sheers. 

liargest vessel docked 
in Dry Dock, 8,175 
tons. 

Patent slip will take 
vessels of 200 tons 
and 110 ft. long. 


16in. diam., 
20 ft. long, 
turned. 

Any size... 


Any size 

Any size 


4 tons 

7 tons 


None 


1398 
1S98 




















There are well-equip- 
ped steam forge 
works at North Syd- 
ney for repairs to 
hulls or machinery 
of, iron vessels. All 
ordinary repairs, 
not requiring a dry 
dock, can be ef- 
fected. 














1883 
1883 
1891 
1898 










A machine shop at 
the mines. 














































of 1,000, 200, and 130 
tons, respectively. 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Parliculars of docking and rejmirlnp faclliiie-tof lite 



Name of port. 


Date 


Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 


Length. 


Width 
at en- 
trance. 


Depth 
on sill, 
H. W., 
ordin'j 
springs 


Rise of tide. 


Over 
all. 


Over 
blocks. 


Sp'gs 


Neaps 


Port Mulgrave, 


1883 


None 


Jid. 


Feel. 


Feet. 


Feet. 






Nova Scotia. 
















Cape Canso, 


1883 
















Nova Scotia. 
















Halifax, 

Nova Scotia, 


1898 
1898 


Halifax Graving Dock Co.: 
Halifax Graving Dock . . 
Bow and Stern Dock . . 


000 


548 


89 


30 


(i 


5 




Patent Slips (Dartmouth) : 
No. 1 (3,000 tons) 




270 
(cradle) 

200 
(cradle) 

180 
(2 cra- 
dles, 
each 90) 


48 
35 
28 


Fd,14; 
aft, 18. 
F'd, 9; 
aft, 14. 
F'd, 9; 
aft, 14. 






No. 2 (900 tons) 






No. 3 (150 tons) 










Lunenburg, 
















Nova Scotia. 


















Liverpool, 


1898 


Patent Slip (400 tons) 

(Marine Rwy Co.) 


300 


120 
(cradlej 




10; 12 


8 


5 


Nova Scotia. 




Shelburne, 


















Nova Scotia. 


















Yarmouth, 


1899 


Patent Slip (800 tons) 


600 


150 
(cradle) 


40 


lOi; 13 






Nova Scotia. 






Digby, 


1884 


None 














Nova Scotia. 
















Annapolis, 


1884 


None 














Nova Scotia. 
















Windsor 


1898 


None 














and Hantsport, 
Nova Scotia. 
















Parrsboro, 


1891 


None 














Nova Scotia. 
















Port Joggins, 


1881 


None 


1 










Nova Scotia. 
















Amherst, 


1891 


Hydraulic lift 




235 


00 


20 






Nova Scotia. 


(Chignecto Marine Trans- 
port Ewy.) 








3t..Tohn, 


1898 


Gridirons' 










27 


23 


New Brunswick. 












St. Stephen, 








I 










New Brunswick, j 


















Bangor, Me 


1898 


Marine Ewy. (1,000 tons) . . . 
(E. & I. K. Stetson.) 


500 
(200 out 
water) 


175 
(cradle) 


40 


9 


14 


12 


Belfast, Me ... 
















; 


f ! 


j 















FACILITI£S OP THE PORTS OP THE WOELD. 

following Norlh Alkmlir Station, porta — Continued. 



183 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc. , having 

facilities tor repairs 

to steamers. 



None. 



Halifax Graving 

Dock Co. 
H. B. M. Dockvard. 



Patterson, John 

W. A. Muir&Co... 



Kerr Machine Co. 



None. 



Fleming, Geo., & 
Son (Phoen ix 
Foundry) . 

Fleming, W 

Harris, Jas.,& Co 

Allan Bros 

(Carleton.) 

None 



Date. 



883 



884 



Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 



Shafts; Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
canbemade. 



Small, 



Bo i 1 e r s; 
large. 

Boilers 
and ma- 
chinery: 
large. 



Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 



Forge 4 in., 
turn 24 in. 
diam., '29 
ft. long. 



Forge 6 in.: 
turn 12 in. 
diam., 20 
ft. long. 



18 in. 



Moderate 



Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 



6 tons. 



Turn any 
diam., 36 
ft. long. 



10 tons. 



1891 
1891 
1891 



1898 



1885 



Machinery; 
large. 

Machinery. 
Machinery. 
Machinery. 



12 in. diam., 
28 ft. long, 
turned. 



Remarks. 



Government vessels 
have right of prior- 
ity to use of dock. 



30-ton sheers. Special 
work, boiler making 
and repairing. 



Wooden shipbuilding 
is carried on. 

Facilities for minor re- 
pairs to machinery. 

Excellent facilities for 
ordinary repairs. 

Excellent facilities for 
all ordinary repairs. 
Wooden shipbuild- 
ing extensively car- 
ried on. 

Wooden shipbuilding 
is carried on. 

Facili ties for ordinary 
repairs. Wooden 
shipbuilding largely 
engaged in. 



Facilities for minor 
repairs. 

Dock not intended for 
ordinary use as a 
dock, but for lifting 
vessels of 2,000 tons 
for transportation to 
Tidnlsh, Gulf of St. 
Lawrence, 17 miles 
distant. 

There are gridirons 
for repairs, both on 
St. John and Carle- 
ton sides of river. 
Wooden shipbuild- 
ing is extensively 
carried on. 



Good facilities for 
repairs to engines 
and boilers. Con- 
siderable wooden 
shipbuilding. 

Wooden shipbuilding 
carried on. 



184 



COALING, DOCKING, AND BEPAIEING 

Particulars of docking and repairing fctdliiiea of the 



Name of port. 



Date 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



Length. 



Over Over 
all. blocks. 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 
on sill, 
H. W., 
ordin'y 
springs. 



Rise of tide. 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



Rockland, Me . 



Bath, Me . 



Portland, Me. 



Portsmouth, N. H 



Boston, Mass . 



1899 
1899 



Marine Rwy 

{North Marine Rwy. Co.) 



Fed. 



Feet. 



Feel. 



Marine Rwy. 



200 
(cradle) 



F'd, 9; 
aft, 14. 



Portland Dry Dock Co.: 
No. 1, Simpson, timber. 
No. 2, Simpson, timber. 

Marine Rwy, (1,100 tons) - - 
(Portland Shipb'd'g Co.) 



U. S. Government, floating, 
8 sections (5,300 tons.) 
(Navy-yard, Kittery.) 

Dry Dock 

(Masonry building.) 



Navy-yard, granite No. 1 . . . 

Navy-yard, granite No. 2 ... 

(Building.) 
Simpson PatentDry Dock Co. 
No. 1, timber 



, timber . 
No. 2, timber . 



No. 3, timber 

Wm. F. Green & Son 

Marine Rwys.;' 

East Boston-Dry Dock Co. 
No. 1 (600 tons) 



No. 2 (1,800 tons) . 



Lockwood Mfg. Co. (350 
tons) . 

Coffer Dam 

(Boston Coffer Dam Co.) 



415 
200 

650 
(300 out 
water) 

850 



383.6 
739.5 

465 

250 

165 
166 

720 
700 
510 



387 
175 

220 
(cradle) 



344.9 
(floor) 

714.5 
(floor) 

358.6 

718.5 

465 
245 
150 



{ f^ 



60 
(slip) 



/ 90. 71 
\ 56.8/ 

{ ''SVi 

60 

44 

101.7' 

73. 

68 
45 



32i 
36- 



(cradle) 
250 

(cradle) 
150 

(cradle) 



200 r'd,12; 



aft, 14, 
F'd, 12 
aft, 15. 
F'd, 7; 
aft, 13. 



Ill ]0 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OP THE WORLD. 

following North Atlantic Station ports — Continued. 



185 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 

length of 
largest that 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 


Castings: 
Weight 

of largest 
that can 


Remarks. 






can be made. 


brazed. 


be made. 






1883 










One machine shop 
and two foundries. 




, 




















Wooden shipbuild- 














ing carried on. 


Bath Iron Works 


1898 


Hulls, en- 
gines,and 


Anydiam., 
29 ft. long, 


Any size 


12 tons... 


Excellent facilities for 
repairs. 


• 




b o i lers; 
large. 


turned. 








Moulton,G.,jr 


1891 


Machinery; 
small. 


20 ft. long, 
turned. 








New England Ship- 


1898 


Medium. 










building Co. 














Portland Co.'s Loco- 


1898 


Engines 


SOln.diam. 


Any size 


20 tons. 




motive Works. 




and boil- 
ers; large. 






' 




U. S. navy-yard, Kit- 


1898 


Large 








There is one large 
machine shop in 


tery. 
























the city. 


U. S. navy-yard 


1898 


Large 


60 ft. long.. 


Any size 


8 tons 


The Navy- Yard Dock 
will take vessels 355 
ft. long. 

Atlantic Works have 


Atlantic Works 


1898 


Large 


12in.diam., 


12 in 


5 tons 








forged. 






iron sheers, 150 ton. 


Blake, Geo. F,, Mfg. 


1891 


Pumps 








Excellent facilities 


Co. 
Central Iron Foun- 


1890 


only. 
Heavy 








for repairs. 


dry (James Gur- 




castings. 










ney & Co.) . 














Charles Eiver iron 


1892 


Boilers; 








25-ton sheers. 


Works. 




large. 










City Point Works... 


1898 


Hulls and 
machin- 
ery; large. 


No forge, 
turn large 
sizes. 


Nofacilities. 


15 tons... 


60-ton sheers. 


Cunningham Iron 


1890 


Boilers 










Works Co. 




only. 










Fore Eiver Engine 


1892 


E n gines; 


Sin.diam., 


Nofacilities. 


None 


18-ton sheers. 


Co. (Weymouth). 




ordinary 
repairs. 


20 ft. long, 
turned. 








Hodge, E.,& Co 


1890 


Boilers 
only. 
Pumps 










Knowles Steam 


1891 










Pump Works. 




only. 










Lockwood Mfg. Co. . 


1892 


Hulls and 
engines ; 
large. 


Anydiam., 
37 ft long, 
turned. 


Any size — 


None 


36-ton floating crane. 


Murray & Tregurtha 


J891 


Engines; 

small. 
Boilers 










National Boiler 


1890 










Works. 




only. 










Paine, Jas. H., & 


1892 


Engines; 


No large 


No facilities 


None. 




Son. 




small. 


forging. 








Rawson & Morrison. 


1892 


Engines 
and boil- 


to in. diam., 
20 ft. long. 


No facilities 




25-ton sheers. 










ers. 


forged; 34 
in. diam., 
24 ft. long, 
turned. 








Robinson, H.S.,& Co 


1892 


All ordi- 
nary re- 
pairs. 


No facilities 
for heavy 
forging. 


No facilities 


None. 




South Boston Iron 


1898 


Heavy 










Works. 




castings. 










Vannievar, Edmund 




Copper- 
smithing. 










B., & Co. 












Webb & Watson 


1891 


Mach i n - 
ery. 











186 



COALIiS'G, DOCKING. AND REPAIKING 

Parliculars i>f ilorkinij aiitl rt/i<iiriiii//iicilitifs nf the 



Name of port. 



Date. 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dr.v docks, unless 

otherwise stat^.) 



Length. 



Over ' Over 
all. I blocks. 



I Fat. ' Ftti. 

Sew Bedford, ISiis | H.sh Id. Marine Rwy. (200 ' lioO 100 

Mass. I tons). U-^out leradle) 

water) 

I Cliase's (tflji tonsl 150 

(cradle) 

Granite Wharf (490 tonsi | 120 

I (cradle) 



Xewpiirt.R.I 



Fall River, Mass.. 



Bristol, E.I. 



ISM 



Marine Rht- (300 tons) . 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth JRise of tide. 

on sill, 

H.W.. I 1 — 

spri!"gs',>^P'S^-N-I« 



Feet. Fttl. 
35 ' VI 

. (Slip) ! 



t;o 

(cradle) 

34 

(cradle) 



11 



I 10 
I 18 






Marine R«t. (30O tons) 



Providence, R. I .., 



189S Providence Dry Dock Co.: 
Balance (1,300 tons) . . 
Marine Rwy 



New London, 

Conn. 



1S9S ! Marine Eivy. (800 tons) 
I (Morgan Iron Works) . 
' 1S9S Marine Rwv. (800 tons) 
i (H.J.Crooker, Fort Neck). 



New Hftven.Conn. 



160 
(cradle) 



160 
(cradle) 

141 
(cradle) 



40 
(cradle) 



F'd,9: 
aft, 20. 
Fd,7; 
aft, 12. 



New York.N. Y.. 



N . Y. Floating Dry Dock Co. : 

No. 1, sectional (6,000 tons) 

No. 2, sectional (1,500 tons) 

No. 3, sectional (3,000 tons* 

Screw Dock Co.; 

No.l(l,000 tons) 

No.2(600tons) 

No.3r200 tons) 

People's (James Shewan) : 

Balance (1,000 tons) 

Balance (600 tons) 

Morgan <t McQovern: 

Balance (1,200 tons) 

Jenkins, Wm,,<S! Co,: 

Sectional (1,200 tons) . . . 
John A. Davis: 

Floating (500 tons) 

Floating (300 tons) 

H. P. Kirkham & Son: 

Bow and Stem Dock . . . 



353 . 
170 . 
260 . 

160 !. 
120 !. 
75 '. 



100 


21 


7fi 


15 


90 


16 


;« 


IS 


;io 


13 


26 


13 




13 




TS 


S 



130 
lOu 



l:10 
U).". 



H 



FACILITIES OE THE POETS OF THE WORLD. 

follomng North Atlantic Station ports — Continued. 



187 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities lor repairs 

to steamers. 



Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 



Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
canbemade. 



Pipes; Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 



Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 



Remarl£s. 



Herreshofl Mfg. Co. 



Harris, Wm. A., 
Steam Engine Co. 

Hicks Boiler Works. 

Morgan Iron Works. 



Empire Iron Works 
(John W. Sulli- 
van). 



Fletcher, W. & A., 

Co. 
Hauser Iron Work.s. . 

Jonson Engineering 

and Foundry Co. 
Knowles & Kearney. 

Morgan Iron Works 
(Delavpare River 
Iron Ship Build- 
ing and Engineer- 
ing Co.) 

Nichols, David M . . . 

People's Iron Works. 

Quintard Iron Works 
(N. P. Palmer, jr. 
&Co.) 



Eoelker, H.B 

Wheeler Condenser 
and Engineering 
Works. 

Worthington Steam 
Pump Works. 



1888 



1884 



1892 
1891 
1892 
1890 
1892 



1891 
1891 



1892 
1898 



1891 



Hulls and 
machin- 
ery; small. 

Engines; 
work o f 
moderate 
size. 

Boilers 
only. 

Engines 
and boil- 
ers; large. 



Sin. diam., 
turned; no 
forge. 

20in. diam., 
22 ft. long, 
turned. 



14in. diam., 
turned. 



Engines; 
work o f 
moderate 
size. 



7 in. diam,, 
forged; 15 
In. diam., 
27 ft. long, 
turned. 



Boilers 

only. 
Hulls and 
engines. 
Coppeu- 
smi thing. 
Engines 
and boil- 
ers; large. 



Boilers 

only. 
Machinery, 

small. 
Engines 
and boil- 
ers; large. 



Propellers 

only. 
Engines; 

large. 



Pumps 
only. 



5in. diam., 
forged. 

30in. diam., 
50 ft. long, 
turned; no 
forge. 



6 in. diam., 
12 ft. long, 
forged; 40 
in. diam., 
75 ft. long, 
turned. 



20 in. diam., 
16 ft. long, 
turned; no 
forge. 



No facilities 



22 in 



No facilities 



No facilities 



Any size 



Any size . . 



9 tons.. 



5 tons. 



Small repairs can be 
effected by shops 
connected with 
Marine Rwy. 

Several iron works, 
machine shops, and 
wooden ship build- 
ing yards. 



Several extensive en- 
gine establishments 
at Providence d o 
not undertake ma- 
rine work. -' 



35-ton sheers. 



Facilities for all ordi- 
nary repairs to ma- 
chinery. 



See North River Iron 
Works, Hoboken. 



70-ton floating steam 
derrick. Shipbuild- 
ing yard of this Arm 
is located at Ches- 
ter, Pa. 



15-ton sheers. 



188 



COALING, DOCKING, AND BEPAIEING 

Particulars of docking and repa!riitpfa<'ililie.'< of the 



Name of port. 


Date 


Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

othermse stated.) 


Length. 


Width 
at en- 
trance. 


Depth 
on sill, 

H.W., 
ordin'y 
springs. 


Rise of tide. 


Over 
all. 


Over 
blocks. 


Sp'gs. 


Neaps 


Brooklyn, N. Y . . . 


1899 

1S98 

1S9S 
1898 

1898 

1891 
1891 
1S9-2 
1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 

1892 
1892 

1898 

1898 

1898 
1898 
1898 


N. Y. Navy- Yard: 


Feet. 
362.2 

491 
658.9 

610 
600 
330 

250 
130 

162 

127 

200 
210 


Feet. 

331.2 
(floor) 

450.9 
(floor) 

615.5 
(floor) 

470 
(floor) 

560 


Feet. 
66 

{ 52.9/ 
/ 106. 2\ 
\ 70 / 

1 46 
/ 85' 

80 

75 
70 

.58 
47 

66 

63 
70 
54 
5S 
39 


Feet. 
25 

2.5.6 
29 

22 
25 

20 

15 
11 

14 
104 

17 

10 

15 

16 
13 

8 

9 
9 

F'd,8; 
aft, 15. 
F'd,8; 
aft, 16. 

8 
(liead) 

5 
(head) 

12 

11 

i:> 

14 
11 
11 


5 


4 




Timber, No. 2 




Timber, No. 3 




Erie Basin Dry Docks: (J. \. 
Robins Co.) 
No. 1, Simjeon, timber . . 

No. 2, Simpson, timber . . 

X.Y. Balance Dock Co.: 

Sectional (3,000 tons)... 

Brooklyn Water FrontWare- 

house and Dry Dock Co.: 

No.l,sectional (2,000 tons) 

No. 2, sectional (600 tons) 

Gokey, Wm., & Son: 

No.l,sectional (1,800 tons) 
No. 2, sectional (80O tons) 
Provincial Dry Dock Co.: 

Sectional (2,500 tons) .. . 
Townsend & Edgett; 

Floating (600 tons) 

Rooney, Joseph, & Co. : 




























160 
141 




T. A. Crane's Sons: 

Sectional (1,000 tons) . . . 






W.M.Tebo: 

Floating (600 tons) 

Trundy & Murphy: 

Sectional (250 tons) 

Burtis,D.,jr.: 

Sectional (400 tons) 

Marine Rwy. (2,000 tons) 

Marine Ewy. (600 tons) . 


128 
108 
125 












280 
(cradle) 

190 
(cradle) 

250 
(cradle) 

230 
(cradle) 

ISO 
(cradle) 

75 
(c-.-adle) 








Downing & Lawrence: 

ManneRwy. (1,200 tons) 

Marine Ewy, (1,200 tons) 

Ward & Co. (Astoria, L. I.) : 
Marine Rwys— 
Two of 1,000 tons each . 

One of 200 tons 


660 
560 

500 
(200 out 
water) 

400 
(100 out 
water) 

200 
132 

220 
176 

100 

120 








42 
(slip) 

30 
(slip) 

66 
42 

62J 
66 

47 


Jersey City, N.J .. 


Allison Dry Dock Co.: 

Sectional (2,000 tons) .. . 

Sectional (1 000 tons) . . . 
Brown Dry Dock Co.: 

Balance (1 ,200 tons) 

Balance (80Otons) 

C.&D.Mc Williams: 

Sectional (300 tons) .... 
Geo. W. Rickard & Son: 

Balance (300 tons) 

J. H. Fenner: 

Marine Rwy 















































FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WOKLD. 
following North Atlantic Station ports — Continued. 



189 



shipyards, machine 

shopS; etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

smaJI. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can be made. 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 

of largest 
that can 

be made. 


Remarks. 


U. S. Navy-Yard 


1899 


Largo 








Granite dock at navy- 














yard will take ves- 














sels 329 ft. long; 














Simpson Dock, ves- 














sels 452 ft. long. 


Central Forge Works 


1892 


Large, to 


iO In.diam., 


No facilities 


None. 




(Whitestone.L.I.). 




engines; 


60 ft. long 
forged and 












heavy 












forgings. 


turned. 








Continental Iron 


1898 


Hulls, en- 


No heavy 




20 tons. 




Works. 




gines,and 
boilers; 
large. 


forging. 








Cowles Engineering 
Co. 


1892 


Machinery; 
work of 
moderate 


10 in. diam.. 
22 ft. long! 
forged and 


No facilities 


4,000 lbs. 
















size. 


turned. 








Davidson, M.T 


1892 


Pumps 
only. 










Downing & Law- 


1892 


General 




No facilities 


None. 




- renoe. 




repairs; 
small. 










Elsesser, Michael 


1891 


Engines 

small. 
Boilers 










Franklin Steam 


1891 










Boiler Works. 




only. 










J.N. Robins (Erie 


1898 


Hulls, en- 


Any diam., 


Any size 




Two 30-ton derrieks. 


Basin Dry Docks 




gines.and 


32 ft. long, 








and Albany St. 




boilers; 


turned. 








Iron Works) . 
Long Island Mar 




large. 
Hulls, en- 










1892 










chine and Marine 




gin es,and 










Construction Co. 




boilers; 










(Long Island City) . 




small. 










Morse Iron Works. . . 


1892 


Large, to 


12 in. diam.. 


No facilities 


None. 




(E.P.Morse). 




machinery; 
moderate, 
to hulls. 


20 ft. long, 
forged and 
turned. 








Pioneer Iron Works. 


1888 


Machinery. 










Riley & Cowley 


1892 


Engines; 
small. 


8 in. diam., 
24 ft. long, 
turned. 


No facilities 


None. 




South Brooklyn 


1898 


Engines; 










Steam Engine 




small. 










Works. 














Vulcan Steam Boiler 


1892 


Boil ers 










Works. ■ 




only. 










Ward & Co. (Astoria, 


1892 


Engines; 


36 in. diam., 


No facilities 


2i tons. 




L.I.). 




ordinary 
repairs. 


22 ft. long, 
turned; no 
forge. 








Chapman Wrecking 
Co. 


1898 










300-ton floating der- 
rick, built by the 
























Morse Iron Works, 














South Brooklyn, 














named "The Hell 














Gate." 


Smith, Theodore, & 
Bro. 


1891 


Boilers 
only. 


















Vulcan Engine and 


1899 


Engines 










Boiler Works 




and boil- 










(Brown & Miller). 




ers. 











190 



COALING, DOCKING, AND KEPAIKING 

FurlicuUirf! of docking and repairing facilitus of the 









Length, 




Depth 


Rise of tide. 






Docks, etc. 
(Basin dry docks, unless 




Width 
at en- 


on sill, 
H.W., 




Name of port. 


Date. 














otherwise stated.) 


Over 
all. 


Over 
blocks. 


trance. 


ordin'y 
springs. 


Sp'gs. 


Neaps 






1 
Firl. , Feet. 


Feet. 


Feet. 






TTnhokPTi N T 


1898 


Tietjen & Lang D. D. Co. : 
Balance (2,000 tons) 












l-L.\JlJ\JJit.\^Xl.j X* * V « * • - 






236 


69 


18i 








Balance (800 tons) 




140 


47 


13i, 






1898 


Willadsen & Johnson: 
















Sectional (1,000 tons) .. . 
John McCarthy & Bro.: 


160 




66 


14 i 






1891 








i 








Floating (small) 












1891 


C. & D. McWilliams: 














Sectional (small) 












Elizabethport, 


1895 


New Jersey Dry Dock Co. : 










6 


5 


N.J. 




Improved Rwy ......... 


300 


260 


80 


12 








1898 


Balance Dock 


160 
500 


160 
200 


60 
100 


10 
F'd. 8; 






Newburg,N.Y 


Marine Ewv. (1,000 tons) 






(T.S.Marvel&Co.). 


(250 out 


(cradle) 


(slip) 


aft, 16. 










^ 


water) 












Perth Ambov.x.J 


1891 


Perth Amboy Dry Dock Co. : 






1 










Floating (small) 












Wilmington, Del.. 


1898 


Simpson Dock, timber (Har- 
lan & HoUingsworth Co.) . 


350 


330 


90' 


13i 


3 


2i 




1898 


Marine Rwy. (900 tons) 
(Pusey & Jones Co.) . 


400 


195 
(cradle) 


35 


5 
(headj 








1898 


Marine Rwy. (900 tons) 


300 


200 


60 










(Jackson & Sharp Co.). 


(160 out 
water) 


(cradle) 


(slip) 






. 


Chester, Pa 


1892 


None 














League Island, Pa. 


1899 


Government, timber (1) (U.S. 


491.7 


460.5 


r 85 \ 

1 53 / 
/ 104.31 
\ 86 1 


25.5 


6J 


54 






navy-yard) . 




(floor) 










1899 


Government, timber (2) 


739.5 


707.3 


30 










(building) . 




(floor) 








Philadelphia, Pa.. 


1899 


Wm. Cramp & Sons Ship 
and Engine Building Co. : 










6J 


65 






Simpson Dock, timber. . 


462 


426 


f s 


22 










Marine Rwy. (1,000 tons) 


640 


240 
(cradle) 


5 
(head) 








1898 


Cha«. Hillman Ship and En- 














gine Building Co.: 


















Marine Rwy. (800 tons) . 


230 (out 
water) 


170 
(cradle) 


40 
(slip) 


7 
(head) 








1898 


Neafie & Levy Ship and En- 
gine Building Co.: 


















Marine Rwy. (1,000 tons) 


220 (out 
water) 


200 
(cradle) 


40 


12 








1892 


H.P.Kirkham&Son: 


















Bow and Stem Dock 





























FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 

foUmiiing North Allantic Slidioii porln — Continued. 



191 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can bemade. 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 


Remarks. 


North River Iron 


1899 


Engines 
and boil- 


8 in. diam. 


Any size 


None 


60-ton floating der- 


Works (W. & A. 




forged ; 






rick. 


Fletcher Co.) . 




ers; large. 


large sizes 








Ulster Steam Boiler 


1892 


Boilers i 








Works (A. H. 




only. 








Rodie & Co.) . 














Crescent Shipyard 

JLewis Nixon) . 
S. L. Morse & Sons, . . 


1899 


Hulls and 












engines. 










189-5 


Engines . . 






25 tons. 




Babcox & Wilcox 


1899 


Tubular 










Boiler Co. 




boilers. 










Marvel, T.S.,&Co... 


1892 


Hulls, en- 
gine.s, and 
boilers. 


18 in. diam., 
24 ft. long, 
turned. 


No facilities. 


9 tons 


26-ton sheers. 


Newburg Steam 


1892 


Boilers 










Boiler Works (P. 




only. 










Delany & Co.) . 














McCullough & Co. . . 


1891 


Engines . . 










Ramsay, Hugh 


1891 


Hulls only 










Harlan & HoUings- 


1899 


Hulls, en- 


8i-in. diam.. 


Any size 


22 tons... 


100-ton sheers. 


worth Co. 




gines, and 


20 ft. long, 
forged; 
any diam., 












boilers; 










large. 












27 ft. long, 














turned. 








Pusey & Jones Co. . . 


1899 


Hulls, en- 
gines, and 
boilers; 


8 in. diam., 
20 ft. long, 
forged ; 
any diam.. 


20 in 


22 tons... 


50-ton sheers. 






large. 














30 ft. long. 














turned. 








Delaware River Iron 


1899 


Hulls, en- 


10 in. diam., 


Anysize 


18 tons... 


100-ton sheers. This 


Ship Building and 




gines, and 


forged; 40 






establishment and 


Engine Works. 




boilers; 
large. 


in. diam., 
38 ft. long, 
turned. 






the Morgan Iron 
Works, New York, 
are under the same 
management. 


U. S. navy-yard 


1899 


Large 










Baizley, John 

Cramp, Wm. , & Sons 


1891 


Boilers ... 








12a-ton floating der- 
rick; two 60-ton 


1899 


Hulls, en- 


ig in. diam., 


'so'iii! !!!'.!!! 


35 tons; 


Ship and Engine 
BuUdingCo. 




gines, and 
boilers; 


50 ft. long. 




iron; 4^ 


sheers. Delaware 




forged and 




tons. 


River and Bay 






large. 


turned. 




bronze. 


dredged to 20 ft. at 
low water. There 
are 3 ice-breaking 
boats in Delaware. 


Ford Brothers 


1891 


Copper- 
smithing. 
Hulls and 






















Hillman, Chas., Ship 
and Engine Build- 


1892 


Large sizes 


No facilities. 


None 


160-ton sheers. 




machin- 


turned; no 








ing Co. 




ery. 


forge. 








Kensington Engine 


1892 


Engines 
and boO- 


16 in. diam.. 


10 in 


4 tons. 




Works {Francis 




25 ft. long. 








Brothers) . 




ers. 


turned. 








Berry &Orton Co... 


1895 


Machinery; 

large. 
Hulls, en- 










Penn Works (Neafle 


1898 


18 in. diam., 


Any size 


30 tons... 


60-ton sheers. 


& Levy Ship and 




gines, and 
boilers; 


40 ft.long. 








Engine Building 




turned; no 








CoJ. 




large. 


forge. 








Port Richmond Iron 


1892 


Engines 
and boil- 


Any diam., 


Any size 


35 tons... 


50-ton sheers. 


. Works (I. P. Mor- 




32 ft. long, 








ris Co.). 




ers; large. 


turned. 








Southwark Found ry 


1892 


Engines 
and boil- 


No facilities 


No facilities. 


40 tons. 




and Machine Co. 




for forging. 












ers; large. 











192 



COALING, DOCKING, AND BEPAIBING 

Particulars of docking and repairing facilities of the 



Name of port. 


Date. 


Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 


Length. 


Width 
at en- 
trance. 


Depth 
on sill, 

H.W., 
ordin'y 
springs. 


Rise of tide. 


Over 
all. 


Over 
blocks. 


Sp'gs 


Neaps 


Camden, N. J 


1898 
1898 


Floating, sectional (Carter, 

Roberts* Co.). 
Camden Marine Kwy. (1,500 

tons) . 


210 
450 


Feet. 


Feet. 
70 


Feet. 
17 








250 
(cradle) 












Annapolis, Md 


1899 


None 














Baltimore, Md 


1898 


Columbian Iron Works and 
Dry Dock Co.: 










U 


1 






Simpson, timber 


505 


437 


{ SI 
65 
60 


20 








1898 
1898 


Wm. E. Woodall&Co.: 
Floating (2,000 tons) ... 

H.Brusstar &Bro.: . 

Floating, 2 sections (700 


230 

154 




12 
10 












1898 
1898 
1899 


tons). 
Marine Rwy. (500 tons) . 

Abrahams Bros.: 

Screw Dock, sectional. . 
Thomas McCosker & Co.: 

Floating (500 tons) 




190 
(cradle) 


30 

37 

44i 


7 

11 
13 








154 




141 




Wm. Skinner & Sons: 








Dry Dock (building) ... 


600 




{ ^} 


22 










Marine Rwy. (1,500 tons) 




300 


12 










Marine Rwy. (800 tons) . 




(crad^) 












1898 
1898 


Chas. W. Booz & Son: 

Marine R\vy. (1,400 tons) 

J. S. Beacham & Bro.: 

Marine Kwy. (800 tons) . 




(cradle) 

230 

(cradle) 

234 


32 


13 

8 








1898 


Chas. Reeder & Sons.: 

Marine Rwy. (500 tons) . 




(cradle) 
200 




7 








1898 


Wm.H.H.Bixler&Co.: 
Marine Rwy. (200 tons) . 




(cradle) 
127 


15 


5 








1898 

1898 
1898 


John C. Froehlich & Co.: 
Marine Rwy 










3 


2f 


Alexandria, Va . . . 


Marine Rwy. (750 tons) 




210 
(cradlej 

(cradle) 




7 
(head) 




Marine Rwy. (760 tons) 

















WasUngton, D. C . 


1892 


Marine Rwy. (700 tons) (U. S. 
navy-yard.) 


475 


225 
(cradle) 


21 
(cradle) 


7 
(head) 


3 


2J 


Newport News, Va. 


1898 


Simpson Dock, timber 

(Newport News Ship- 
building and Dry Dock 
Co.) 

Marine Rwy. (2,000) 


610 


565 


82t 


25 


2» 


2J 




1898 
1898 
















Dry Dock (building) 


900 





















FACILITIES OF THE POKTS OF THE WOULD. 

following North Atlantic Station ports — Continued. 



193 



Shipyards, machine 
shops, etc. , having 

facihties tor repairs 
' to steamer^. 



Coopers Point Iron 

Works. 
Dialogue, John H., 

&Son. 



Morris & Mathis 



U.S.Naval Academy 
machine shop. 



Columbian Iron 
Works and Dry 
Dock Co. 



Campbell & Zell Co. 
(Enterprise Ma- 
rine Engine and 
Boiler Works). 

Clark, Jas., & Co. 
(People's Machine 
and Boiler Works) 



Codd,E.J.,&Co.... 
Coleman, John T. . . 



Froehlich, John C, 

&Co. 
Maryland Steel Co. 

(Sparrows Point) . 



Reeder, C h a s . , & 
Sons. 



Spedden, R. M., & 

Co. 
Woodall, Wm. E., & 

Co. 

Skinner, Wm., & 
Sons. 



U.S. navy-yard. 



Newport NeVs 
Shipbuilding and 
Dry Dock Co. 

Newport News Brass 
and Iron Foundry. 



12477- 



Date. 



1891 



1891 



1899 



1892 



1891 



1891 
1891 



1891 



1891 
1892 

1899 



Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 



Ordinary 

repairs. 
Hulls and 
machin- 
ery; large. 



Ordinary 
repairs. 

Small... 



Hulls, en- 
gines, and 
boilers; 
large. 



Hulls, en- 
gines, and 
boilers; 
small. 
Hulls, en- 
gines, and 
boilers; 
large. 
Machinery 
Boilers 
only. 
Machinery 

Hulls, en- 
gines, and 
boilers; 
large. 
Hulls, en- 
gines, and 
boilers; 
large. 
Machinery 

Wood and 
composite 
hulls only. 
Large 



Indifferent 
facilities, 
except for 
ordnance 
work. 



HuIIei, en- 
gines, and 
boilers; 
large. 



Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can be made. 



15 in. diam., 
30 ft. long, 
forged ; 
any diam., 
43 ft. long, 
turned. 



7 in. diam., 
30 ft. long, 
forged ; 
any diam., 
40 ft. long, 
turned. 



Any diam., 
36 ft. long, 
turned. 



16 in. diam., 
27 ft. long, 



Any diam., 
30 ft. long, 
turned. 



15 in. diam. 
forged; 
any diam. 
turned. 



Pipes; Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 



Any size. 



Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 



35 tons. 



Any usual 
size. 

Any size 



Any size 



Iron, 2,000 
lbs.; brass. 



Remarks. 



60-ton sheers. 



Naval Academy shop 
is for instruction; 
could only be called 
upon in case of 
necessity. 



Sheers at wharf, 50 
tons; 105 ft. high, 
32 ft. overhang. 
Dry dock is free to 
U. S. naval vessels. 



60-ton sheers. 



125-ton sheers, with 
.100 ft. lift. 



50-ton sheers. 



Facilities for minor 
repairs. 



U. S. S. Enterprise has 
been taken out on 
marine railway. 
Facilities for r e - 
pairs at machine 
shops in city. 



140-ton revolving der- 
rick; 100-ton der- 
rick. Can dock a 
vessel 64 ft. beam 
and 24 ft, draft. The 
American Line mail 
S.S.New York has 
been docked here. 



-13 



194 



COALING, DOCKING, AND BEPALRING 

Particulars of docking and repairing faciiities of the 



Name of port. ] Date. 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



Length. 



Over 
all. 



Over 
blocks. 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 
on sill, 
H.W., 
ordin'y 
springs. 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



Rise of tide. 



Norfolk, Va ! 1899 

' 1899 
I 1898 

1898 

] 1898 

i 

Wilmington, N.C.j 1899 
Charleston, S. C - - 1899 



Port Royal, S. C. 



Savannah, Ga . 



Jacksonville, Fla. 



Key West, Fla... 
Fensacola, Fla . . . 



Mobile, Ala . 



Norfolk Navy- Yard: 
Granite 



Timber. 



Feel. 

319.7 
491 



Marine Rwy. (650 tons) . 

(W. A. Graves.) 
Marine Rwy. (800 tons) . 
(W. A. Graves.) 

Marine Rwy 

(Thomas Berkley.) 



Marine Rwy. (800 tons) 

(S.W. Skinner* Go.) 

Pregnall Bros.* 

Floating Dock (700 tons) 
Marine Rwy. (800 tons) . 



1899 U. S. Government: 
Timber 



Marine Rwy. (1,200 tons). 

(H. F. Willuik.) 
Marine Rwy. (450 tons) . . . 



Jacksonville Marine Ry. Co. 
(Drew & Hazeltine) : 

Marine Rwy., No. 1 

(1,200 tons) . 

Marine Rwy., No. 2 

(300 tons). 



350 
(150 out 
water) 

150 
200 



liet. 

294.6 
450.9 

190 
(cradle) 

240 
(cradle) 

225 
(cradle) 



175 
(cradle) 



Feet. 



{ 52.9/ 



Feet. 

25.1 
25 
8 

9 

94 



42 



{ '^ 



250 
(cradle) 

200 
(cradle) 



48 



690 
350 



200 . 
(cradle) 

140 I. 
(cradle) ; 



lOi 



1899 
1898 



1898 



Government Balance, tim- 
ber (2,236 tons) . 

Floating, sectional, wood, 
600 tons. (Located 30 
miles up river; 011inger& 
BruceO 

Marine Rwy. (1,600 tons)... 

(fensacola Marine Rwy. 

Co., BuUwanville.) 

Marine Rwy. (900 tons) 

(Gulf of Mexico.) 

Home Industry Iron Works; 
Dry Dock, excavated... 

Floating, 5 sections (600 

tons) . 
Marine Rwy. (1,000 tons) 



Marine Rwy. (420 tons) . 



R. Moore & Co.: 

Marine Rwy. (500 tons) 
(Broadside type.) 



234.7 
165 



234.' 



57.8 I 
46 



300 

600 

310 
(160 out 
water) 

360 



190 

(cradle) 

182 40 

(cradle) (cradle) 

40 



265 
(cradle) 

145 
(cradle) 



120 
(seven 
l&-ft. 
cradles) 



40 



(slip) 
(sUp) 



F'd, 12; 
aft, 20. 



5i 



15 
(blocks) 
84 

F'd, 11; 
aft, 134. 
F'd, 3; 
aft, 23. 



lto2 
(irregular) 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 

following North Atlantic Station ports — Continued. 



195 



Shipyards, machine 

shopSj etc. , having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
canoe made. 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 


Remarks. 


XT. S. Navy-Yard .... 
Atlantic Iron Works 

Elizabeth Iron 

Works (Chas. W. 

Pettit). 
Virginia Iron Works 

(Thos. W.Godwin 

&Co.). 

S.W. Skinner &Co.. 

Charleston Iron 
Works (Hughes & 
Chisolm) . 

Valk & Murdoch 
Iron Works. 


1899 
1898 

1898 
1898 

1898 
1898 

1898 
1898 

1898 

1891 
1898 

1898 
1898 

1899 
1898 
1898 
1898 

1891 
1898 

1898 












Machinery; 
small. - 

Engines 
and boilers; 

moderate. 

Engines 
and boilers; 

large. 

Ordinary 
repairs. 

Engines 
and boilers; 
ordinary 
repairs. 

Engines 
and boilers; 
ordinary 
repairs. 


6 in. diam., 
forged. 

7 in. diam., 
20 ft. long, 
forged; 16 
in. diam., 

25 ft. long, 
turned. 

26 ft. long. 

6 in. diam., 
welded; 12 
in. diam., 
18 ft. long, 
turned. 

6 in. diam., 
forged; 10 
in. diam., 
turned. 


No facilities. 
16 in 

8 in 


3,000 lbs. 
a tons. 

3,000 lbs. 
8 tons 

5i tons. 


yard. Stone dock 
can not receive ves- 
sels larger than the 
Atlanta class. Simp- 
son Dock not fitted 
for armored cruiser 
of the Texas class. 


No facilities. 
Sin . 


50-ton sheers at Preg- 
nallBros.' shipyard. 






Novelty Iron Works 
(John Rourke). 

Tynan, J. W 


Engines 
and boilers; 

large. 

Engines 
and boilers. 

Engines 
and boilers; 

large. 

Engines 
and boilers; 

large. 

Small, to 
hulls; mod- 
erate, to 
engines 
and boilers. 

Small 


14 in. diam., 
20 ft. long. 


Any size 


5 tons. 


docked here: 10,200 
tons, 348 ft. long, 69 
ft. beam, 24 ft. 
draught. 


McDonough & Bal- 
lantyne. 

Kehse's Iron Works. 

Merrill-Stevens En- 
gineering Co. 

U.S. Naval Station.. 

U.S. Navy-Yard 

Cosgrove & Co 

Cready & McClin- 
tock. 

Gibney Iron Works. 

Home Industry Iron 
Works. 

Mobile Marine Rwy. 


12 in 

12 in 

8 in. diam., 
20 ft. long, 
forged and 
turned. 


Any size 

Any size 

No facilities; 
pipes of 15 
in. diam. 
brazed in 

city. 


12 tons. 
16 tons . 

None; but 
can ob- 
tain cast- 
ings of 
4,000 lbs. 
in city. 


50-ton steam sheers, 
80 ft. high. 


Moderate. 

Large 

Large 

Boilers 
only. 

Engines 
and boilers; 
large. 




4 in. diam., 
10 ft. long. 

22 in. diam., 
22 ft. long. 

22 in. diam., 
14 ft. long. 


6 in 


5 tons 

5 tons. 
5 tons. 




10 in 

10 in 




24 in.diam., 
40 ft. long, 
turned; no 
facilities 
for forging 
shafts. 


18 in 


7 tons. 





196 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Particulars of (locking and repairing facUUies of the 



Name of port. 


Date. 


Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 


Length. 


Width 
at en- 
trance. 


Depth 
on sill, 
H.W., 
ordin'y 
springs. 


Rise of tide. 


Over 
all. 


Over 
blocks. 


Sp'gs. 


Neaps 


New Orleans, La. . 


1898 
1898 
1898 

1898 
1887 
1898 

1899 

1898 
1898 

1899 

1899 
1899 

1899 


Marine, floating (1,300 tons) . 
Ocean, floating (1,000 tons) . 
Good Intent, floating (760 

tons) . 
Wood's floating 


Feel. 
220 
200 
200 

80 


Feet. 
220 
200 
195 


Fed. 
67 
61 
45 

40 


Feet. 

It 
94 

10 


















McLellan's. floating 




800 

525 

175 
(cradle) 


72 
100 


25 

■28 

12 
7* 


Algiers, La 


Government, floating 
(building) . 

* 

Marine Rwy. (1,000 tons) ... 
(C.B.Lee&CO.) 

Marine Ewv. (600 tons) 


525 

650 
(300 out 
water) 




U 


i 






Brazos Santiago, 


(At Lynchburg, San Ja- 
cinto River, 36 miles 
distant) 

None 








Tex. 
Brownsville, Tex . 


None - 






• 








Matamoras, 


None 














Mexico. 
Tampico, Mexico. 


None 














Tuxpali, Mexico. . 
















Vera Cruz, Mexico 


1898 

1898 
18S4 

1896 

1885 

1898 

1898 

1899 


Pontoon (Govt.) (1,500 tons) . 
Marine Rwy. (150 tons) 


246 




4S 


17 

6 

4 






Belize, British 




It 




Hondura.^. 


(Potts Point.) 
Marine Rwy. (65 tons) 








Puerto Barrios, 


(Port George Cay.) 
None 








Guatemala. 
Livingston, 


None 














Guatemala. 
Port Cortez, 


None 















Hondura-s. 
Truxillo, 


None 














Honduras. 
Blueflelds, Mos- 


None 














quito Reserva- 
tion, Nicaragua. 

















FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WOKLD. 

following North Atlantic Station ports — Continued. 



197 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 

length of 
largest that 
can DC made 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 


Remarks. 


Johnson Iron Works 
Leeds & Co. 


1898 

1892 

1898 
1892 

1898 


Engines 
and boil- 
ers; large. 

Engines 
and boil- 
ers; large. 

Engines 
and boil- 
ers; large. 

Engines; 
large. 

Engines 
and boil- 
ers; large. 


10 in. diam. 
welded; Ic 
in. diam. 

24 ft. long 
turned. 

Large sizes 
turned; 
no heavy 
forging. 

11 in. diam., 

25 ft. long, 
turned. 

Large sizes 
turned; 
no heavy 
forging. 

Any diam., 
33 ft. long, 
turned; 
no heavy 
forging. 


No facilities. 

No facilities. 

14 in 

Anysize 

No faculties. 


500 lbs., 
brass. 

50 tons. 

3 tons. 

10 i.i 

27 tons. 


The floating docks 
are all located in 
the 5th district of 
New Orleans (Al- 
giers). Ocean and 
McLellan's Docks 


Mims, A. A . 


can be used in con- 
junction, giving a 
length on blocks of 
about 487 ft 


Worts- (Shak° 
speare, Smith & 
Co.) 
Whitney Ironworks. 


This dock is undCT 
construction at 
Sparrow's Point, 
Md. It is built of 
steel.is self-docking, 
and has a capacity 
of 15,000 tons. 

Vessels of 1,000 Ions 
can be repaired on 
the Marine Ewy. 


Lee Iron Works 

Galveston Iron 
Works. 


1898 
1898 


Engines 
and boil- 
ers; all 
ordinary 
repairs; 
machin- 
ery large. 

Machinery 
large. 


12 in. diam., 
welded; 20 
ft. long, 
turned. 

10 m. diam. 


Any ordi- 
nary size. 

Any ordi- 
nary size. 


■3i tons.. 
7,000 lbs. 


















1883 
1898 






















I^cilities for small 
repairs at R. R. 
shop. 














1898 




1 




Facilities for ordi- 
nary repairs at 
R. R. shops. 

No facilitips 












1896 
1885 
1899 




1 






None 




1 








Small 




6 in. diam., 
9 ft. long. 


6 in.,brazed. 


None 


1 large machine shop. 




None. 


1899 

























198 



COALING, DOCKnSTG, AND EEPAIRINa 

Particulars of docking and repairing facilities of the 



Name of port. 


1 


Docks, etc. 


Length. 


Width 
at en- 
trance. 


Depth 
on Bill, 
H.W., 
ordin'y 
springs. 


Rise of tide. 


othenrise stated.) 


Over 
all. 


Over 
blocks. 


Sp'gs. 


Neaps 




i 

j 1899 




Feet. 


Feet. 


Feet. 


Feet. 






Nicaragua. 






: ■ 1 


Port Limon, 


1898 


None 


1 , j 1 1 


Costa Eica. 








Boca del Toro, 


1883 


Marine Rwy. (150 tons) . 






1 






Chiriqui Lagoon, 
Colombia. 

















Colon, Colombia. . 


1895 


Canal Go's. Dry Dock 


208 


192 
(floor) 


32.8 


16 














1898 






114 
(cradle) 


30 
(cradle) 


{ ? 


U 


1 


Colombia. 








1898 
















Colombia. 
















Barranquilia, 


1888 
1888 


Dry Dock, small 














Colombia. 


(For river steamers.) 
Two Slipways, small 














Santa Marta, 


1884 
















Colombia. 
















Rio Hacha, 


1898 


None 














Colombia. 
















Maracaibo, 


1899 
1899 


Patent Slip (400 tons) 

Patent Slip (600 tons) 


360 
480 












Venezuela. 












Willemstad, 


1899 


None 














Curafao. 
















Puerto Cabello, 


1899 


None 














Venezuela. 
















La Guayxa, 


1899 


None 














Venezuela. 








i 
1 






Barcelona, 


1890 


None 












Venezuela. 








1 






Cumana, 










j 






Venezuela. 








i 






Carupano, 


ISM 


None 




■ 






Venezuela. 










Rio Caribe, 


18M 


None 








Venezuela. 














St. George, 


1899 


St. George's Marine Slip 
(1,200 tons). 


750 




40 


15 
(head) 


4 


Bermuda. 




Hamilton, 


1898 
1898 


Government, iron, floating 

(11,000 tons). 
Ireland Island, floating 


381 


330 

171 
(cradle) 


84 


25 

r 15 
{ 20 


1 


Bermuda. 








(Government.) 1 
St. George's Marine Rwy. ..[ 








1 







FACILITIES OF THE P0ET8 OF THE WOELD. 



199 



foUomng North Atlantic Station ports — Continued. 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 



Date, 



Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 



Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
canoe made. 



Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 



Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 



Remarks. 



Nicaragua Canal 
Construction Co. 



Machinery 
repairs. 



Panama Canal Co. 



Panama R. R. Co. 



Colombian Govern- 
ment shops. 



Cartagena - Magda- 
lena R. R. Co. 



None 

None 
None 
None 
None 



1883 



1898 



Machin- 
ery repair 
plant well 
preserved. 
£ailroad 

r e p ai r 

shop. 
Machinery 

repairs ; 

small. 

Railroad 
machine 
shop: mi- 
nor re- 
pairs. 



20 ft. 



14 ft. by 6 
in. 



Any size. 
5 in 



20 ft . 



1885 



None. 



1898 
1887 
1899 

1899 
1890 



Small. 



Turn 18 in. 
diam., 20 
ft. long. 



.1. 



None. 
None. 



1884 
1884 
1898 



H. B. M. Dockyard. 



Large - 



12 in. diam., 
40 ft. long; 
turn any 



4 tons. . 
300 lbs. 



3,500 lbs. 



Good shops belong- 
ing to R. R. Co. 



R. R. shops; 
forge. 



small 



Canal Co.V plant is 
noc in use, but kept 
in good order. Dry 
dock can take a ves- 
sel of Machias class. 

One steam hammer 
800 lbs.; can make 
locomotive. 



An excellent machine 
shop recently built. 



Minor repairs to Mag- 
dalena River steam- 
ers effected here. 



Small repairs. 



Repair shops at La 
Guayra for small 
work ; R. R. ma- 
chine shop at Car- 
acas. 



Small. 



50-ton sheers, Tvith 20 
ft. alongside at L.W. 
A vessel drawing 25 
ft. can be docked, 
on an even keel 
A tipped vessel can 
draw 2 ft. more aft. 



200 



OOALIKG, DOCKINO, AND REPAIRIlfG 

Particulars of docking and repairing facUUies of the 



Name of port. 


Date. 


Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 


Length. 


Width 
at en- 
trance. 


Depth 
on sill, 
H.W., 
ordin'y 
springs. 


Rise of tide. 


Over 
all. 


Over 
blocks. 


Sp'gs. 


Neaps 


Nassau, New 
Providence Id., 
Bahamas. 


1898 


Patent Slip (1,200 tons) 

(Geo. W. Higgs.) 


Feet. 
600 


fiel. 
150 
(cradle) 


Feet. 
14 
(cradle) 


Fiet. 

9 

(head) 


4 


3 




1899 
















B. W. I. 














Baraooa, Cuba 


1898 
1898 
1898 


None 












Nuevitas, Cuba 


None 


























Cuba. 
















Cardenas, Cuba. . . 


1884 


None 














Matanzas, Cuba . . 


1890 


None 














Havana, Cuba 


1898 
1898 


Floating Dock 


450 


450 

221 

(cradle) 


82i 

62 

(cradle) 


27i 


3 






Marine Rwy (1,200 tons) 








Clenfuegoa, Cuba . 


1898 


Patent Slip (1,200 tons) 

(Jos4 Posada.) 


212 


160 
(cradle) 


40 
(cradle) 


{ li 


2 




Trinidad, Cuba... 


1883 

1896 
1896 


None 














Santiago, Cuba ... 


Government Rwy 




98 

(cradle) 

38i 

(cradle) 


26 
(cradle) 

(cradle) 










Gallego Messa & Co 
















Port Antonio, 


1898 


None 














Jamaica. 
















Port Morant, 


1891 


None 














Jamaica. 
















Port Royal, 


1898 


Patent Slip, No 1 




89 
(cradle) 

75 
(cradle) 


22 
(cradle) 

14 
(cradle) 


{ 4 


1 




Jamaica. 


Patent Slip, No. 2 








Kingston, 


1898 


Patent Slip (1,500 tons) 




212 
(cradle) 


51 
(cradle) 


{ li 






Jamaica, 











FACILITIES OF THE POETS OF THE WOBLD. 

following North Allantio Station ports — Continued. 



201 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
canbemade. 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be. made. 


Kemarks. 




1896 

1883 
1884 










Repairs to wooden 
vessels. 


None 


















































1884 
1884 
1899 

1887 
1898 

189S 

1883 
1896 

1895 










One mftchiBe shop. 


None . . 










U. S. Govt. Dock- 
yard. 

Van, Fewatez & Co . 

Zueleta y Sabrino . . . 
(Casa Blanca.) 


Boilers 
and ma- 
chinery; 
large. 

Casting 
and forg- 
ing. 

To hulls, 
moder- 
ate; to 
machi n- 
ery.large. 

Engines 
and boil- 
ers; mod- 
erate. 


Forge 8 in.; 
turn any 
diam., 22 
ft. long. 


18 in 








Have cast 
a 7-ton 

screvr. 

4i tons. . . 
16 tons... 


tom-house wharf. 
Lifting power of 
Floating Dock 10,000 


30 in. diam., 
20 ft. long, 
turned; 
no heavy 
forging. 

Forge 9 in., 
turn 30 in. 
diam., 34 
ft. long. 


Any size 

18 in 


capable of Increase 
to 12,000 tons for 
vessels not more 
than 383 ft. keel. 
20-ton sheers. 




tablishments, af- 
fording facilities for 
repairs to hulls and 
machinery. 

One machine shop. 

T\yo mechanical es- 


SabanillaR.R.Co... 

Machine shop and 
blacksmithy. 


Boil ers; 
machin- 
ery; small. 

Minor re- 
pairs. 




24 in 


2 tons.... 




tablishments, af- 
fording facilities for 
all ordinary repairs. 

B. B. shops and small 
foun,dry. 








H.B.M. Dockyard .. 

;Lazarus, Chas. P., 
& Co. (West End 
Foundry) . 

Lewis, W. H 


1898 

1898 
1884 

1897 


Small 

To engines 
and boil- 
ers; large. 

Machinery; 
small. 


Small 

Turn 24 in. 
diam., 20 
ft. long. 


12 in 

Any.size 


2 tons, 
litons... 


There is another firm 
at Kingston who can 
melt and run 5 tons 
of iron. 

The Jamaica Rwy. Co. 


Boston Fruit Co 








have ai good plant, 
but, being fully em- 
- ployed on their own 
work, can not be de- 
pended upon. 
Small repairs. 













202 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Particulars of docking and repairing facUitim of the 



Name of port. 


Date 


Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 


Length. 


Width 
at en- 
trance. 


Depth 
on sill, 
H.W., 
ordin'y 
springs 


Rise of tide. 


Over 
all. 


Over 
blocks. 


Sp'gs 


Neaps 


Port-au-Prince, 


1898 

1899 
1899 
1899 
1899 
1899 
1899 
1899 
1899 
1899 

1898 
1898 

1898 

1898 

1891 

1898 

1898 


Marine Ways 


Feet. 


Fiet. 
300 
(cradle) 


Feel. 
19 
(cradle) 


Feet. 


1 




Hayti. 






















Hayti. 
Cape Haytien, 


None 














Hayti. 
Puerto Plata, 
















San Domingo. 
Sam ana. 


None 














San Domingo. 
San Domingo, 


None 














Son Domingo. 
Ponce, Porto Rico 


None 














Mayaguez, 


None 














Porto Rico. 
San Juan, 


None 














Porto Rico. 

St. Thomas, 

D.W.I. 


Floating, iron (3,000 tons) . . . 
Patent Slip (400 tons) . 


260 
Can b 
ened 
toons 


250 

3 length- 

by pon- 

to 280. 

165 

(cradle) 


70 
30 


20 


1 




Fredericksted, 


None 




Santa Cruz, 
D.W.I. 

Christiansted, 


None 














Santa Cruz, 

D.W.I. 

Basseterre, 


None 














St. Christopher, 
B W. 1. 

St. Johns, 


None 














Antigua, 
B.W.I. 

English Harbor, 


None 






, 


■ 






Antigua, 
B. W. I, 

















FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 

following North Atlantic Station poris — Continued. 



203 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
canoe made. 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 


Remarks. 




1898 










A Haytian man-of- 
war, 1,000 tons 
gross, drawing 11 ft. 
forward and 13 ft. 
aft, has been taken 
on the slip. 














1889 
1884 
1884 
1883 
1883 
























Kone 

None 
















































1886 

1890 
1898 

1898 
1898 

1898 












Sobrinos de Portillo. 
Vienda de Abarco. . . 

Floating Dock Co. . . 

Koyal Mail Steam 
Packet Co. 

Small 


Machinery; 

small. 
Machinery; 

small. 

All ordina- 
ry repairs. 

All ordina- 
ry repairs. 
















The floating dock has 
taken a vessel 320 
ft. long, of 288 It. 
keel. 40-ton crane 
on dock. 


5 in. diam., 
forged; 
anydiam., 
25 It. long, 
turned. 


Any size 


500 lbs., 
brass. 














Estates Machinery 

Repairing Shop 

(C.H.Boon&Co.). 

Derr<fe Co. 


1884 

1891 
1897 

1896 












Machinery; 
small. 
Small 


10 ft. long, 
turned. 

Turn 18 in. 
diam., 17 
ft. long. 










12 in. 






British Dockyard... 


The British naval 








dockyard has been 
stripped of all ma- 
chinery fit for use 
elsewhere; build- 
ings in charge of a 
care-taker. There 
are only 4 machines 
and 2 lathes. 



204 



COALING, BOOKING, AND EEPAIKIN6 

Parliculars nf docking oml repairing facilities of the 



Nivmo oE port. 


Date 


Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 


Length. 


WidUi 
at en- 
trance. 


Depth 
on sill, 
H.W., 
ordin'y 

springs. 


Risoi 


f tide. 


Over 
all. 


Over 
blocks. 


Sp'gs 


Nctips 


Pointe-il-Pitre, 


1899 


None 


Fni. 


Jke(. 


i-;rt. 


Fni. 


Guadeloupe, 
F.W.I. 
















Portsmouth, 


1899 


None 














Dominica, 

B.W.I. 
















Roseau, 


1899 


None 












Dominica, 

B.W.I. 
















St. Pierre, 


1898 


None 














Martinique, 
F.W.I. 
















Fort-de-France, 
Martinique, 
F.W.I. 


1898 


French Government, stone. 


39.1 


S60 


ST 


271 


U 




Port Castries, 


1895 


Government Dry Dock pro- 
posed. 














St. Lucia, 

B.W.I. 














Kingstown, 


1898 


None 














St. Vincent, 

B. W. I. 
















Bridgetown, 
Barbadoes, 
B.W.I. 


1898 


Screw Lifting Dock (1,2(» 
tons) . 


240 


216 


40 


12 


8 


1» 


St. George, 


1899 


None 














Granada, 
B. W, I. 
















Tobago, B.W.I... 


1899 
1899 


None 












Port of Spain, 
Trinidad, 
B. W. I. 


Patent Slip (400 tons) 

(Turnbull, Stewart & Co.) 




186 
(cradle) 






4 


S 








1896 
1896 


Dry Dock (proposed) 
















Patent Slip (Govt.) 






26 
cradle) 













FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 

following North AUardk Staikm porls — Continued. 



205 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 
of repairs, 
large or 
, small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can be made. 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 


Remarks. 


French Government 
(Fouillol Point). 

Compagnle G6n6rale 
Transatlantique. 

Usine d'Arbonssier 
(E.Souques&Cie.). 


1884 
1888 
1888 


Small 










Small. . 

Engines 
and boil- 
ers; ordina- 
ry repairs. 








60- ton crane at wharf. 








(Not for general 
use.) 




1898 

1898 
1899 

1898 
1898 

1898 
1898 

1898 

1893 
1893 


Small.. 










Clement,H.,<S[Co... 

Socifite Anonyme 
des Ateliers. 

Compagnie Gta^rale 
Transatlantique. 

Public Works 

None 


B oilers, 
machin- 
ery; large. 
Small 


No heavy 
forging. 


Any size 


2i tons. 
3 tons. 

Iton 




Ordinary 
repairs. 

Small 


12in.diam., 
17ift.long, 
turned. 

4 in. diam., 
14 ft. long. 


Sin 




Tin 


sel 400 ft. long. 






repairs at Improve- 
ment Co.'s shops, 
near coal docks. 


H. E. Thome & Son.. 

Simpson, D. M., & Co. 
(Trafalgar Works) . 

J.Blackwood (Trafal- 

D.M. Simpson & Co. 


Large 

Machinery; 
all ordina- 
ry repairs. 

Minor re- 
pairs. 

Ordinary 
repairs. 


Forge 6 in. 
diam., turn 
15 in. diam., 
25 ft. long. 

Large sizes 
turned; 
no heavy 
forging. 


12 iu 

Any size 


J ton. 

5cwt. 
Small. 




16 ft. by 20 
in. 




Small steam hammer, 
100-lb. 






None.. 


1898 

1884 

1898 
1898 












Wishart, James 

Trinidad Govt. R.R. 
J. A. Keid 


Machinery: 
small. 

Ordinary 
repairs. 

Ordinary 
repairs. 


4 in. diam., 
forged; 
20 ft. long, 
turned. 




300 Iba. .. 
iton. 




6in 


pairs are afforded at 
the R.E. shops. 











206 



COALING, DOCKINa, AND REPAIRING 

Particulars of docking and repairing facUities of the 



Name of port. 


Date. 


Docks, etc; 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 


Length. 


Width 
at en- 
trance. 


Depth 
on sill, 
H.W., 
ordin'y 
springs. 


Rise of tide. 


Over 
all. 


Over 
blocks. 


Sp'gs. 


Neaps 


Georgetown, 
Demerara, 
British Guiana. 


1898 
1898 

1899 

1899 

1898 
1899 
1899 
1899 
1899 

1899 


Sproston Dock, stone 


JPeel. 
212 


Feet. 
203 

81 
(cradle) 


Feel. 
44 


Feel. 

9i 

{ t\ 


9 


G 


Paramaribo, 








Dutch Guiana. 
Cayenne, 
















French Guiana. 
Para, Brazil 


Patent Slip, steel (400 tons) . 

(Miller & Co.) 
Gridiron (500 tons) 


250 
150 
150 
200 
150 


138 
(cradle) 




Pd,6; 
a«,8i 

6 
6 
6 


11 


lOi 








(Miller & Co.) 
Gridiron (500 tons) 








(Amazon Co.) 
Gridiron (400 tons) 








(Sumner & Co.) 
Gridiron (400 tons) 






Manaos, Brazil 


(Boulhosa & Co.) 























Particulars of docking and repairing facUities 



Maranham,Brazil 


1898 


Gridiron (500 tons) 








12 


ir.i 


10} 


Ceara, Brazil 


1899 
1898 

1898 


(Companhia a Navegfao 
a Vapor.) 

None 










Pemambuco, 


WUson, Sons &Co . . . 


ISO 




27 




8 


G 


Brazil. 
Bahia, Brazil 


Gridiron 

















FACILITIES OF THE POBTS OF THE WOBLD. 
following Xorlh Atlantic Nation ports — Continued. 



207 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repaiis 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Cliaracter 

of repairs, 

large or 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 

length of 
largest that 
can be made. 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 


Remarks. 


Sproston Dock and 
Fovmdry Co. 

Buclianan, Robt., & 
Co. 

Netherlands Govt, 
machine shop. 


1898 

1898 

1896 
1892 
1885 

1899 


Repairs of 
all kinds; 
large. 

Machinery; 
all ordina- 
ry repairs. 

Ordinary 
repairs. 


6 in. diam., 
20 ft. long, 
forged; 

14in.diam., 
20 ft. long, 
turned. 

7 in. diam., 
forged; 
turned one 
weighing 
12 tons. 


ojin 

llin 


a tons 

ii tons. 


lo-ton derrick. 




















Extensive and excel- 


! 
M.Ylddv 


Ordinary 
repairs. 








lent facilities for all 
ordinary repairs. 

Repairs to riversteam- 
eis and gunboats. 











of tlie following South Atlantic Station ports. 



Companhia a Nave- 
gafSo a Vapor. 


1888 


Ordinary 

repairs. 

Machinery; 
















Companhia AuxHia- 


1898 








dor Agricola. 














1897 








• 


Facilities for minor 












repairs to macliin- 














ery at the railroad 














shops. 




1898 








Utons... 


Dry dock for tugs and 
lighters. It is only 


ment Dockyard. 




repairs. 








Bowman* Co 


1887 


Machinery; 
all ordina- 
ry repairs. 


9 in. diam., 
20 ft. long. 






20 ft wide for the 
last « ft. of its 
length. 


Wilson, Sons & Co... 


1898 


Large 


Forge 4 in. 
diam.,10 


10 in 


Iton. 


The Brazilian Govern- 
ment Dockyard has 
been used for build- 








ft. long; 
turn 20 ft. 
long. 
















ing and repairing 
small vessels. At 




1 








Pemambuco there 














are facilities for ef- 














fecting ordinary re- 














pairs to machinery. 














There is a slip for 














bnildiTig a vessel of 














200 tons, and also 














one for repairing 














boats of 10 tons. 


Brazilian Govern- 


1898 


Large 


Turn 30 ft. 


Any size 


6 tons 


Companhia Bahiana 


ment Dockyard. 






long. 






have shops for the 


Cia.HetropoIitanda 
Bahia (Cox Bros.) 


1898 


Macliinery; 
alloidina- 


11 ft. long, 
turned. 




3 tons. 


repair of their own 
steamers. 








Wilson, Sons &Co.. 


1898 


Large 


Forge 6 in. 
diam.; 
turn 12 
in. diam., 
24ft.long. 


Small 


i ton. 





208 



COALING, DOCKIKG, AND REPAIRING 

Particulars of docking and repairing facilities of /At 



Name ol port 


Date 


Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

other\vise stated.) 


Length. 


Width 
at en- 
trance. 


Depth 
on sill, 
H. W., 
ordin'j 

springs. 


Rise of tide. 


Over 
all. 


Over 
blocks. 


Sp'gs. 


Neaps 


Eio de Janeiro, 
Brazil. 


1898 

) 

1898 
1898 

1899 

1899 
1899 

1894 
1898 

1898 

1899 
1899 

1898 
1898 
1884 

1899 

1892 
1891 


Government (Cobras Island) 
Imperial 


Fn1. 

423 

25St 

520 

.««R( 

405 
405 


F,rt. 

339 
224 
476 
»marks. 

365 


Ilret. 
70 

45 
45 


24 

20 
25 

IS 


4 
5 


3 

1 








Saude Point Dry Dock 

(Brazil Dry Dock and En- 
gineering Works.) 
Coftl Island 




(BrazU Dry Dock and En- 

gineermg Works.) 

Comercio (Mocangufi Id.) . . 

(Wilson & Co.) 








Dry Dock under construc- 
tion. 

Patent Slip 










Santos, Brazil 










Desterro, St. 


None 








Catherme's Id., 
Brazil. 

Rio Grande do 

Sul, Brazil. 

Maldonado, 


Patent Slip (800 tons) 

Nouo 


600 


175 
(cradle) 


24 


1 1 


n 




Uruguay. 

Montevideo, 

Uruguay. 


Lobos Point Drv Dock 
(Cibil's) . 

(J. D. Jackson.) 

Maila Drv Dock 


490 

271 


4.tO 

265 

100 

(cradle) 


1 55 
\ 40 

50 


24 
(15 to 
17 ap- 
proach) 

IS 

10 

9 


No re 
tides; 
vaxle. 
wind. 


gular 
water 
, with 

. 




(Montevideo Gas Co.) 
Patent Slip (400 tons) 


Colonia, 

Uruguay. 

Fray Bentos, 


Patent Slip (450 tons) 






None 












Uruguay. 
Paysandu, 


Small Ways (suitable lor 
steam launches, etc.) . 

None 














Uruguay. 
San Pedro, 






1 






Argentina. 













FACILITIES OF THE POBTS OF THE WOELD. 



209 



following South Atlardio Station ports — Continued. 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can be made. 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 


Bemarks. 


Brazilian Govern- 
ment Dockyard. 


1898 


Large, of 
all kinds. 


12 in. diam., 
forged; 
any diam.. 






90-tou sheers and 60- 






ton floating derrick 












at dockyard. Gov- 








« ft. long, 






ernment dry docks 








turned. 






are cut in the solid 
rock. 


Brazil Dry Dock and 


1898 


Large, of 


12 in. diam.. 


Any size 


2 tons. 


Saude Point Dock is 


Engineering Wks. 




all kinds. 


forged. 






available for ves- 


(CompanhiaLloyd 
Brazileiro). 
Wilson & Co., Mo- 












sels 470 ft. long. 














1898 


Ordinary 


18 ill, diam. 


Any size 


2 tons. 


Cobras Island Dock is 


canguS Dry Dock. 




repairs. 








generally in use by 
Brazilian navy, but 
its use by foreigners 
is not desired by the 
Government. 

Saude Dock is in the 
most unhealthy lo- 
cality and should 
never be used ex- 
cept in a great emer- 
gency. 

La Companhia Lloyd 
Brazilian own dry 
docks at Saude 
Point and Coal Is- 
land for repairs, 
where there are boil- 
ermakers, foundry, 
machine, and pa1> 
tern shops, and 
most modem ma- 
chinery, including 
hydraulic riveters. 

In the Brazilian Gov- 
ernment Dockyard, 
at Cobras Island, are 
2 dry docks. 




1886 
188.^ 

1898 












None 












J. J. Dias 


Small 


8 in. diam., 
24 ft. long. 




2 tons. 












1898 
1899 












Hurley, William 


Large re- 


12in. diam.. 


Any size 


5 tons 


Cibil's Dock can be 






pairs. 


18 ft. long 
forged and 






divided into 2 sec- 












tions; outer, 255 ft. 








turned. 






long; inner, 195. 


Montevideo Gas Co. 


1898 


Ordinary 


No facilities 


10 in 


None 


Mafia Dock is cut in 


(Mafia Dry Dock) . 
Humphreys & Co... 




repairs. 


for shafts. 






the solid rock; sides 


1898 


Large re- 


11 in 


Any size 


li tons. 


vertical ; entrance 






pairs. 








much exposed; 30- 


Cibil'sDock 


1899 


Large. 












1892 
1899 






















Facilities for minor 












repairs to machin- 














ery are afforded by 














shops Liebig's Meat 














Extract Co. 




1892 










Facilities for small 












machine work and 














light composition 














castings. 


None . 


1888 

























12477- 



-14 



210' 



COALING, DOCKING, AND KEPAIRING 

PaHiculars of docking und repairing facilities of the 



Name of port. 



Date. 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



Length. 



Over Over 
all. blocks. 



Width 
at en> 
trance. 



Depth 
on sill, 
H.W., 
ordin'y 
springs. 



Rise of tide. 



Sp'gs. NeaiJS 



San Nicolas, 

Argentina. 



Rosario, 

Argentina. 



Faiaia, 

Argentina. 

Santa Elena, 

Ai^ntina. 

La Paz, 

Ai^entina. 

Corrientes, 

Argentina. 

Asuncion, 

Paraguay. 



Zarate, 



Argentina. 



Buenos Ajrres, 

Argentina. 



Ensenada, 
La Plata, 
~~ Argentina. 



1891 None . 



1892 

1898 
1891 
1891 
1891 
1899 

1888 



San Fernando, 1898 
Argentina. 



1898 
1898 



1898 



1891 



Xone . 

None . 
None . 
None . 
None . 
None . 

None . 



Municipal Dock. 



Eastern Dry Dock 

Western Dry Dock 

Patent Slip (600 tons) 

Wet Docks: 

No. 1 



No. 2 ... 
No. 3 ... 
No. 4 . . . 



Dlque Militar 

(Not excavated.) 
Dock Occidental 

(Not excavated.) 



Feet. 



Feet. 



Jief. 



Feet. 



335 



623 
525 



1,870 
1,870 
2,263 
2,066 



177 
(cradle) 

525 

(wide) 
525 

(wide) 
525 

(wide) 



65t 
65i 



25 
25 
10 
11 

23} 

23} 

23* 

23i 



Sto5 



FACILITIES OF THE POETS OF THE WOELD. 
follomng South AUantic Slaiion ports. — Continued. 



211 



Shipyards, machine 

shopSj etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 



Geddes, C . 



BiBchoff,Geo 

Fundiclon del Ro- 

sario. 
Eighetti, Santiago. 



Juan, Oliver. 



Jorge, Barzi 

Francisco, Burgos. 



Zarate Naval Ar- 
senal (Argentine 
Government) . 



Date. 



1887 

1892 
1892 
1892 



1896 
1896 

1889 



Tigre Navy-Yard 1892 
(Argentine Govt) . 



Municipality. , 



Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 



Hulls only: 
small. 



Machinery; 

small. 
Machinery; 

large. 
Machinery; 

large. 

Small 



Small. 
Small. 

Small. 



Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can he made. 



6 in. diam., 
10 ft. long. 

12 in. diam., 
14 ft. long. 



Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 



Win. 



Platense Flotilla Co 

Fader & Pefia 

Schwartz, Felipe 



A. Bell & Co . 



B. A. Lucich. 



Devote & ZaepfEel . , 
McQueen, Carboni 
& Wilson. 

De Baltasar.Angan- 
uzzi y Cia. (La 
Plata). 

La Plata Dock Co... 



1899 
1884 
1899 



Engl n e s 
and boil- 
ers; large. 

Hulls and 
machin- 
ery. 
Machinery; 
large. 



1898 
1899 



1891 



Machinery; 
ordinary 
repairs. 
Large 



Large., 



Large. 



Large. 
Large. 



Machinery; 
all ordina- 
ry repairs. 
Machinery 
and small 
repairs: 
latnework 
and forg- 
ings of 
medium 



Turn, 20 ft. 
long. 



6in. diam., 
35 ft. long. 

17 ft. long, 
turned. 

10 in. diam., 
26 ft. long, 
forged and 
turned. 
Forge 8 in. 
diam,; turn 
15 in. diam., 
22 ft. long. 
Turn 8 in. 
diam., 12 
ft. long. 



6 in. diam., 
35 ft. long. 



Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 



500 lbs., 
brass. 

700 lbs. 



Any size. 



Any size. 



5 in. 



Iton 

li tons.. 

6 tons . . 
16 tons. 
8 tons. 

7 tons. 

8 tons. 

6 tons 

Medium 



Eemarks. 



Facilities for small 
machine work at 
Electric Lighting 
Co.'s shops, 1888. 

Ewy. C o.'s works 
afford facilities for 
repairs to engines. 



Bwy. Co.'s works re- 
pair machinery. 



Facilities for minor 
repairs at the E. E. 
shops. 



Messrs. Standfleld & 
Clark, of London, 
were reported May, 
1889, as engaged 
upon the construe^ 
tion of a depositing 
dock of 5,000 tons 
capacity, to be lo- 
cated here. 

Dockyard is about 5 
miles from San Fer- 
nando. 

Dock has taken a ves- 
sel of llj ft. draught, 
305 ft. long, and 64 
ft. beam. 

All the docks and bs/- 
sins are connected 
by Ewy. Vessels of 
war are usually ac- 
commodated in No. 
3 Dock. 

H. M. S. M^ritmtion, 
drawing 18 ft. 11 in., 
had no difficulty in 
entering or leaving 
the docks in Nov., 
1896, at a very low 
state of the river. 



There are in addition 
several other ma- 
chine shops at La 
Plata, and one at 
Ensenada. Exten- 
sive system of wet 
basins, 2 dry docks 
and shops are being 
constructed. 



212 



COALING, BOOKING, AND REPAIRING 

Particulars of docking and repairing fadUiies of the 





Date. 


Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 


Length. 


Width 
at en- 
trance. 


Depth 
on sill, 
H.W., 
ordin'y 
springs. 


Rise of tide. 




Over 
all. 


Over 
blocks. 


Sp'gs. 


Neaps 


Bahia Blanca, 

Argentina. 


1898 


Dry Dock (proposed) 


Feet. 
656 


Feet. 


FeeL 


FeeL 
















Port Stanley, 
Falkland Ids. 


1899 
































1890 








1 








1S91 


None 














St. Helena. 














Aiassa (Niger 

River). 


1893 








28 
(cradle) 


12 


5 


Si 


(Royal Niger Co.1 








18W 












' 


5 




(Royal Niger Co.l 










St. Paul 


1898 
1898 


Floating Dock (1,300 tons) . 




196 


49 




41 




West Africa. 


(Quanza & Co.) 










Cape Town 

Cape Colony. 


1898 
1898 


Robinson Dock (double) . . . 
(Alfred Docks.) 

Patent Slip (1,000 tons) 

(Alfred Docks.) 


529i 
Increas 
ft. w 
sono 
860 


500 
edbyl2J 
ith cai- 
n stop. 

245 
(cradle) 


68 

50 
(cradle) 


24i 

{ i 


5 


3i 


Simons Town, 
Cape Colony. 


1898 


Patent SUps (1,000 tons) : 
No. 1 [h. B. M. Dock- 
yard). 

No. 2 . . 




176 

(cradle) 

78 

(cradle) 

107 

(cradle) 

74 

(cradle) 


48i 
(cradle) 

21 
(cradle) 

22 
(cradle) 

19 
(cradle) 


10 
7 

n 

4i 


5J 


3i 




No. 3 






No.4 




Mossel Bay, 


1899 


None 














Cape Colony. 
















Port Elizabeth, 


1897 


Patent Slip (proposed) 














Cape Colony. 
















East London, 


1898 


Patent Slip (1,000 tons) 




200 
(cradle) 




10 


5 


SJ 


Cape Colony. 









FACILITIES OP THE PORTS OF THE WOKLD. 

foUovymg South Atlantic Station ports — Continued. 



S13 



SMpyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 



Date, 



Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 



Shafts: Di- 
ametei and 

length of 
largest that 
can be made. 



Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 



Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 



Remarks. 



Bahia Blanoa and 
North Western R. 
R. Co. 



Falkland Islands Co 



British Govt, shops. 



Small. 



Slight re- 
pairs. 



Machinery 
small. 



7 cwt . . 



240 lbs . . 



1899 



Public works . 



Table Bay Harbor 
Board (Alfred 
Docks) . 

Cunningham & 

Gearing. 
Klug, V , 



Phoenix Foundry . 
Short, T.,& Co .... 



Colonial Mach i n e 
and Construction 
Co. 

Harcfambe Bros 

Adamson Weir Co . . 

H.B. M. Dockyard,, 



1899 
1887 
1887 
1887 

1899 



None. 



Howard, Farrar & 

Co, 
Mangold Bros , 



1898 
1898 



Eastern System Co- 
lonial Ewy. Shops. 

Harbor Works J . 



Boi lers 
and en- 
gines; 
moder- 
ate. 



Machinery; 
small. 



All ordinal 

ry rej)airs. 

Machinery; 

small. 
Machinery: 

small. 
Machinery; 

ordinary 

repairs. 
Machinery; 

large. 

Large...... 

Large. 

All ordina- 
ry repairs. 



Small. 



18in. diam., 
40 ft. long, 
turned; 
forge 5 in. 

10 in. diam. 

6 in. diam., 

22 ft. long. 

6 in. diam . 



Any size. 



6 in. 



Win. 



20 in diam 



Any size. 



Forge' 4 in. 
diam . ; 
turn 18 in. 
diam. , 
28 ft. long. 



None 

li tons, 
li tons. 
2 tons. 
2i tons. 

Large. 



3 tons 



Machinery; 
small. 
Repairs; 
large. 



Machinery; 
large. 



Large. 



6 in. diam., 
16 ft: long. 

6 in. diami ; 
14 ft. long. 



6 in. diam.; 
17 ft. long, 
turned. 



6 in.. 
12 in. 



li tons, 
li tons. 



2 tons. 



The Falkland Islands 
Co. possess punch- 
ing, shearing, and 
drilling apparatus, 
with other machin- 
ery. 

Facilities excellent 
for minor repairs; 
artificers must be 
supplied by ship. 



Largest vessel docked 
in Robinson Dock. 
7,537 tons, 490 ft. 
long, 53 ft. beam, 23i 
ft. draught. 

The extensive system 
of wet docks and 
breakwater affords 
protection for ship- 
ping; 50-^on sheers; 
!■ 10-ton crane, sev- 
efal' small cranes. 



No. 1 Patent Slip has 
taken a vessel of 
1,180 tons, 195 ft. by 
28 ft. , mean draught 
11 ft. 6 in. 



Facilities for ordinary 
machine work are 
afforded at the Rwy. 



214 



COALING, DOCKING, AND KEPAIRING 

Particulars of docking and repairing facUUies of the 



Name of port. 



Date. 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin drjr docks, imleas 

otherwise stated.) 



Length. 



Oyer Over 
all. blocks. 



Width, 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 
on sill, 
H.W., 
ordin'y 
springs, 



Rise of tide. 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



Durban, Natal, 
South Africa. 



Lorenzo Marquez, 
Delagoa Bay, 
South Africa. 

Chinde Eiver, 
South Africa. 



Mozambique, 
Mozambique. 



Zanzibar, 

East Africa. 

Johanna, 

Comora Ids. 

Mayotte, 

Comora Ids. 



Helleville, 
Nossi B6, 
Madagascar. 

Tamatave, 

Madagascar, 



St. Denis and 
Pointe des Galet», 
K6union. 



St. Pierre, 

B^union. 



1899 



1899 
1887 
1885 

1899 

1899 

1899 



Patent Slip 

(Government.) 



feet. 
200 
(cradle) 



Feet. 
39i 
(cradle) 



Feet. 
9i 
20 



3i 



None . 



Patent Slip (50 tons) . 



64 
(cradle) 



11 
(cradle) 



13 



None . 



None . 
None . 
None . 

None . 



None in Madagascar. 



None . 



Dry Dock. 



U 



FACILITIES 01' THE PORTS OE THE WORLD. 

folhvnng South Atlantic Station ports — Continued. 



215 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 



Date. 



Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 



Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
canoe made. 



Pipes; Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 



Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 



Remarlss. 



Natal Harbor Board. 



Natal Rwy. Shops. . , 

Umgeni Engine 

Works. 
Point Engine and 

Boiler Works. 
A. Short 



1898 



Hulls and 
engines; 
small. 
Machinery; 

small. 
Machinery; 
large. 
Large 



Medium . . 



Small. 



20in. diam.,' 

8 ft. long, 

turned. 
No heavy 

forging. 
12in.diam. 

15 ft. long. 
6in. diam., 

18 ft. long. 
4 in. diam., 

15 ft. long. 



No facilities. 

Moderate size 

15 in 

12 in 



None . . 

1 ton. 
10 tons. 

2 tons. 



None 
None 

None 



1899 
1887 
1884 

1886 



Shops for repair of 
floating plant em- 
ployed in the har- 
bor improvements. 

Natal Rwy. Shops 
chiefly employed on 
locomotive work; 
plant to be en- 
larged. 

Slip has taken a ves- 
sel of 1,000 tons and 
210 ft. length of keel. 



The Arms that can 
undertake small re- 
pairs at Chinde are 
the African Lake 
Corporation, Lim- 
ited, and Sharrer's 
Zambezi Traffic Co. 

There is a small es- 
tablishment belong- 
ing to the Portu- 
guese Government, 
but no repairs of 
consequence can be 
undertaken. 

Very slight repairs; 1 
small machine shop. 



Some facilities for 
small repairs at 
French Govt, depot. 



1 shop for small work; 
2 small lathes and 4 
forges. 



Facilities for large 
repairs to machin- 
ery at Pointe des 
Galets. 



Small vessels can use 
the dock at St. 
Pierre, where ordi- 
nary repairs can be 
executed, andwhere 
there is a small iron 
workshop. Large 
pieces of machinery 
would be conveyed 
by rail to the work- 
shops at Pointe des 
Galets. Dry Dock 
will take a vessel 
246 ft. in length and 
• 14} ft. draught, and 
has taken a vessel 
of 1,200 tons. This 
dock is situated at 
the northwest angle 
of the Tidal Basin. 



216 



COALING. DtVCKING, A]>fD KEPAIRING 

Particulars of docking and rcpalriiit) facilities of the 



Niiiuo of port. 



Port Loiiis, 

Mauritius. 



Mahe, 

Seychelles Ids. 



Dooks, etc. 

(Bixsin dry dock, unless 

otlierwise stated,^ 



Dry Dook and ^=Ups Co.: 

" Stevenson Poek 

Albion Pook 

Hay Dook 

Pivtent Slip (lor \essol; 

01" 400 ton.s rosi.-:ter> , 

Patent Slip u'or -w^sel 

of tiO tons reirister> . 



Length. 



Over 
nil. 



lytt. 

;W4 

SIS 



\yidtli 

' at en- 

Ovei- i tmnee. 



Fcrl. 



Itxt. 



iU8 i 

lis \ 
(oradloVI 

100 \ 
i,emdle> t 



Depth 
on sill. 

U. W., 
oMin'y 
sprin^. 


UisooftMo. 


^P*gs. 


Nonius 


Ftrt. 

m 

194 
IS 

I 8 


S 


1 
! 

i 
i 









P 


Iff in I la 


*.'.■ tit (A" 


/cinij ami trpainn<j 


Sitka, Alaska 


1898 
1891 












i 


Nanaimo, 


None 













1 


Vancouver Id., 
B.C. 

Vancouver. B. C .. 
















Victoria, 


1898 Patent SlipiTonpel'sl (1.000 




100 

(cradle) 


(cradlo) 


1 lOJ 
15 

aft, ■JO. 






Vancouver Id., 
B.C. 


180S 


tonsl . 


7 to U 
(Diiu-i 
ciiun 


5 to 8 
ml in- 
ity.) 




Star Wuvs (750 tonsi 




::;:;;;:: 


Esquimalt, 
Vancouver Id.. 
B.C. 

Port Townsend, 




450 
(Can be 
length- 
ened to 
4,>*0 bv 
shiltii\!!: 
ea issoo 
to outer 
stop.) 

070 


4!!0 

'JliO 
(cradle) 


r 0.-. 

\ 58 
55 


ISOS 
1894 

1899 
1899 


Marine Ewy. (^..^OO tons) . . . 
(Crandall system.) 

Marine Rwv. (100 tons) 


Wash. 
New Whatcom, 


(Point Hudson.) 
None 














Wash. 
Falrhaven, Wash . 


None 































FACILITIES OF THE POETS OF THE WORLD. 

follomng South Atlantic Station ports — Continued. 



217 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

largeor 

small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
canbemade. 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 


Remarks. 


Dry Dock and Slips 

Foreign and Toun- 
dries Co. 

Tardieu,M.,& Co ... 

Govt. Rwy. Shops 
(Plaines Luzan) . 


1898 

1898 

189S 
1898 

1884 


Large re- 
pairs to 
hulls and 
machln - 
ery. 

Large, to 
macnin - 
ery. 

Small, to 
machin- 
ery. 

Ordina r y 
repairs to 
machin - 
ery. 


12 in. diam., 
any length. 

Small forg- 
ings; turn 
any diam., 
19 ft. long. 


Any size 

Any size — 


6 tons 

6 tons, 
iron; 
2i tons 
brass. 

None. 

2 tons. 


25-ton crane at Hay 
Dock. 

Foreign and Foun- 
dries Co. shops 1 
mile distant; speci- 
alty, machinery for 
sugar works. 

Govt. Rwy. Shops 2 
miles distant. 

Largest vessels dock- 
ed: In Hay Dock, 
1,373 tons, 318 ft. 
long, 35 ft. beam, 12 
ft. draught; in Stev- 
enson Dock, 3,781 
tons, 384 ft. long, 45 
ft. beam, 17 ft. 
draught; in Albion 
Dock, 1,500 tons, 328 
ft. long, 45 ft. beam, 
17 ft. draught. The 
new Patent Slip has 
taken a vessel of 
400 tons, drawing 12 
ft. The old Patent 
Slip is only used by 
coasters. 


18 in. diam., 
12 ft. long. 


Any size — 















facilities of the Pacific Station ports. 





1891 
1885 

1891 


1 








None 










British Columbia 
Iron Works. 


Machinery: 
ordinary 
repairs. 


















Albion Iron Works. . 

Victoria Iron Works. 
H. B. M. Dockyard .. 


1898 

1898 
1898 


Engines 
and boil- 
ers; large. 

Large. 


Forge 10 in. 
diam., any 
length ; 
turn any 
diam. 


Any size 


12 tons... 

10 tons. 
2 tons 


The sheers at the Hud- 
son Bay Co.'s wharf 
will lift 15 tons, but 
are very old and 
im reliable. 


Large 


Forge 6 in. 
diam; turn 
Sin. diam., 
21 ft. long. 


Any size 


Cradle of Marine 
Rwy. can be extend- 
ed 40 ft. 


Paget Sound Engi- 
neering Works. 

Port Townsend Nail 
Works. 

Machine shop at 
Hadlock. 


1898 

1898 
1895 


Engines 
and boil- 
ers: all 
ordinary 
repairs. 

Small 


12 in. diam., 
lejft.long, 
turned. 

Turn 16 in. 


15 in 


4 tons 

5 tons. 
5 tons. 


The Marine Rwy. is 
small. Another 
small Rwy. is out of 
repair. 


diam., 16 
ft. long. 














Bellingham Bay 
Iron Works. 


1895 


Machinery; 
minor re- 
pairs. 


Turn shafts 
48 in. by 14 
ft. long. 


No brazing . 


5 tons 


Extensive lumber 
savrmills. 


Fairhaven Foundry 
and ■ Machine 
Shop. 


1895 


Machinery; 
ordinary 
repairs. 


Turn shafts 
76 in. by 10 
ft. long. 


No brazing . 


5 tons 


Extensive lumber 
sawmills. 



21S 



COALING, DOCKING, AND BEPAIKING 

Partieutars of docting and repairing facUiiies of 



Name of port. 


Date. 


Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, tvnless 

otherwise stated.) 


Length. 


Width 
at en- 
trance. 


Depth 
on sill, 
H.W.. 
ordin'y 
springs. 


Rise of tide. 


Over 
all. 


Over 
blocks. 


Sp'gs. 


Neaps 


Everett. Wash 


1SS.T 


None 


Feel. , >'<./. 


Fed. 


Fut. 






Seattle. Wash 

Pti^t Sound 


IISIS 

1899 
1898 

1SS9 


Marine Rwy. (2,000 tons) . . . 
(Seattle Dry Dock and 
Shipbviilding Co.) 

U. S. Govt., timber 


tw 

(200 out 
water! 

640 
325 


175 
(emdle) 

608.2 
(floor) 


90 
(Slip) 

f 9-J.T 
\ 46.1 

SO 


-\ft, s 

} 30 
23 


10 

10 
14 


1 

i 
1 

;-i 1 

I 

i 

c 


Naval Station, 
Port Orchari, 
Wash. 

Tacoma, Wash 

01ympia,Wash... 


Floating Balance, wood 
(8,000 tons). Quarter- 
master's Harbor." 

* 


Astoria, Oreg 




i 








Portland 


1897 

1889 


None 








4to- 




and Albina, 
Oreg. 

Coos Bay, Oreg . . . 


None 



























FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 



219 



ihe followitifi Pacific Slndon porta — Continued. 



Shipyards, machine 




Character 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 


Pipes; Diam- 
eter of 


Castings; 
Weight 




shops, etc., having 

f aeiUUes for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


of repairs, 
large or 
small. 


length of 
largest that 
can DC made. 


largest that 
can bo 
brazed. 


of largest 
that can 
be made. 


Remarks. 


Everett Shipbuild- 


1895 


Hulls and 








Extensive steel ship- 
bull d i n g plant. 


ing Co. 




machin- 












ery. 








Built large steel 
whalebacK. 












Moran Bros. Co 


1898 


Engines 
and boil- 


12 in. diam., 


12 In 


40 tons. . . 


40- ton hydraulic bend- 






20 ft. long, 






ing machine. 






ers; large. 


turned. 








Queen City Boiler 


1898 


Boilers 










Works. 




only. 










Seattle BoilerWotks. 


1898 


Boilers 
only. 










Wasliington Iron 


1898 


Engines 
and holl- 


7 in. diam., 


No facilities. 


26 tons. 




Works. 




23 ft. long. 












ers; ordi- 


forged; 12 












nary re- 


in. diam.. 












pairs. 


23 ft. long, 
turned. 








Westfirman's Iron 


1898 




Forge 12 in. 
diam., 24 








Works. 


















. ft. long. 








Vxilcan Iron Works . 


1896 


Machinery; 
ordinary 
repairs. 


Shafting 24 
ft. long, 12 
In. diam. 


No brazing . 


5 tons. 




Nrtvfll st&tion 


1899 


Large 








U. S. S. Oregon, 9,600 
tons, 350 ft. long, 69 


























ft. beam, 22* ft. 














draught, has been 














docked. 


N'n PROJfio R R, 


1898 


Machinery; 
large. 










Machine Shops. 












Puget Sound Dry 
Dock Co. 


1898 


Large 


loin, diam.. 


8 in 


7 tons. 






20 ft. long. 














forged; IB 














in. diam.. 














20 ft. long. 














turned. 








Puget Sound Iron 
Works. 


1898 


Machinery; 


Can turn 


No brazing . 


10 tons. 






ordinary 


shafts 22 












repairs. 


ft. long 
by 33 in. 
diam. 








Olympic Ironworks. 


1898 


Machinery; 


Any size, 22 


Small pipes ' 


12 tons... 


Can weld shafting up 






ordinary 


ft. long. 


only. 




to 8 in. One 1,100- 






repairs. 








Ib. steam hammer. 


Pacific Naphtha 
Launch Co. 


1895 










Build small naphtha 
launches. 












American Foundry 
Co. 

None 


1898 








'2i tons. 




1889 
























Union Iron Works . . 


1892 


Engines; 
orainary 


18 in. diam.. 


No facilities. 


H tons. . . 


There is a small dock 






24 ft. long. 






for river steamers. 






repairs. 


turned. 






166 by 36 by 6, at 


Willamette Iron 


1898 


Any size; 


Any diam.. 


Any size 


32 tons. 


Oregon City, 16 


Works. 




large. 


40 ft, long. 






miles from Port- 


Vulcan Iron Works . 


1898 


Engines; 


Turn shafts 


Small pipes. 


17.5 tons. 


land, up the river, 
beyond head of 






general 


24 ft. by 24 






PorOandlron Works. 


1898 


repairs. 

Engines; 
orainary 
repairs. 

Machinery; 
large. 


in. 
Turn shafts 
20 ft. by 
12.6 in. 


None 


12 tons... 


navigation. 
Weld shafting up to 8 
in. 


John Honeymon A 
Co. 


1898 




None 


5 tons 


Weld shafting up to 6 
in. 










Wolff tt Zwicker 


1898 


Machinery; 
large. 


Ordinary 
sizes. 




10 tons. 
















1889 










Facilities for small 












work at machine 














shop belonging to 














Isthmus Transit 


, 












Ewy. 



220 



COALING, DOCKING. AND REPAIRING 



Particulars of docking and repairing facilities for 



Name of port. 



Date. 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

othenvlse stated.) 



Length. 



Over Over 
all. blocks. 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 
on sill, 
H. W., 
ordin'y 
springs, 



Rise ol tide. 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



San Francisco.Cal 



California Dry Dock Co.: 
Stone (Hunter's Point) 

TJniou Iron Works: 

Hydraulic Lift, steel 
(4,750 tons) . 
Merchant's Dry Dock Co.: 
Floating Docks, wood- 
No. 1 (1,000 tons)... 
No. 2 (3,000 tons).... 
Marine Rwy. (1,000 tons) 

Marine Rwy.<400 tons) .. 



Feet 
490 



235 
301 



Feet. 

420.5 
(floor) 

446 



208 
260 
187 

(cradle) 
150 

(cradle) 



FeeL 



90\ 
60) 



Feel. 
23 
19i 



15 

15 
F'd,ll; 
aft, 16. 

(head) 



FACILITIES OF THE POETS OF THE WORLD. 



221 



the following Pacific Station ports — Continued. 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
oanbemade. 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 


Remarks. 














The Graving Dock 


Atlas ironworks 


'im 


Machinery; 
small. 








(Anisadera) at Hun- 
ters Point is cut in 


Dow Steam Pump 


1891 


Pumps 








the solid rock, and 


Works. 




only. 








will take in, at mean 


Dundon'B Boiler 


1891 


Boilers 








high water, a vessel 


Works. 




only. 








of 23 ft. draught. U. 


Evans, C.H.,& Co... 


1892 


Engines 


19 ft. long, 
turned; 


No facilities. 


None. 


S, S, Oregon, 9,600 






and steam 






tons, 360 ft. long, 69 






pumps. 


noforge. 






ft, beam, 22i ft. 
draught, has been 
docked m the Hun- 
ters Point Dock. 


Fulton Engineering 


1895 


Hulls and 


Turn shafts 


None 


None 


Plant for marine 


and Shipbuilding 




machin- 


19 ft. long 






works at North 


Works. 




ery re- 
pairs; 
large. 


by 8 in. 
diam.; no 






Beach. 






forge. 








Golden State and 


1892 


Engines 
and boil- 


16 in. diam.. 


Any usual 


20 tons... 


30-ton sheers. 






22 ft. long, 
turned; 


size. 










ers; large. 














no forge. 








JBlendy (Joshua) 


1892 


E n gines; 


5 in. diam., 


No facilities. 


10 tons. 




Machine Works. 




ordinary 
repairs. 


forged; 8 
in. diam., 
turned. 








Jackson, Byron 


1890 


Machinery; 

small. 
Boilers 










Keystone Boiler 


1891 










Works. 




only. 










Main St. Iron Wks . 


1892 


E n gines; 
allordi- 


15 in. diam., 


No facilities. 


5 tons. 




(Wm. Deacon.) 




26 ft. long. 












nary re- 


turned ; 












pairs. 


no forge. 








Pacific Rolling Mills 


1898 


Heavy forc- 
ings a n d 


16 in. diam., 


No facilities. 


30 tons. 








50 ft. long. 












castings 


forged and 












made and 


turned. 












finished. 










Pennington, G. & E. , 


1891 


Heavy f org- 


9i in. diam., 








& Sons. 




ings. 


24 ft. long, 
forged. 
12 in. diam., 








Risdon Iron and Lo- 


1898 


Engines 
and boil- 


No facilities. 


30 tons... 


Plant for marine work 


comotive Works. 




27 ft. long, 






at Hunters Point,ad- 






ers; large. 


forged and 


, 




joining Dry Dock. 
Risdon Iron and 








turned. 






Smith, C. W 


1891 


Copper- 
smitning. 








Looomotivp Wnrlr^ 












can undertake con- 














tracts of the greatest 














magnitude, involv- 














ing large lorgings in 














iron or steel, also 














steel castings by the 














Siemens-Martin 














process up to 15 tons 














weight. This eom- 














panyis directly con- 














nected with the 














California Dry Dock 














Co. and Pacific Roll- 














ing Mill and Forge 
Co. 
120-ton sheers, lOO ft. 


Union Iron Works . . 


1898 


Hulls, en- 


30 in. diam,, 


Any size 


40 tons... 






gines, and 


60 It. long, 
turned ; 






high, overhanging 






boilers; 






cap sill of wharf 35 






large. 


forged, 16 
in. diam., 
60 ft, long. 






ft. Union Iron 
Works and Pacific 
Rolling Mill and 
Forge Co.'s Works 
are capable of mak- 
ing good any de- 
fects. Forgings of 
large size are contin- 
ually being made. 
This company own 
a hydraulic slip, and 
their factories and 
wharves are con- 
nected with the 
railway. 



222 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Particulars of docking and repairing facilities of 





Date. 


Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 


Length. 


Width 

at en- 
trance. 


Depth 
on sill, 
H.W., 
ordin'y 
.springs. 


Rise ol tide. 




Over 
all. 


Over 
blocks. 


Sp'gs. 


Neaps 


San Fra n c i s c o 






fiet. 


Feel. 


F,d. 


Fed. 






Cal.— Cont'd. 


















Oakland, Cal 


1895 


Paciflc Marine Rwy. (600 
tons) . 




101 
(cradle) 


40 


F'd,10.5 
att, 15, 










Hare Island, Cal.. 


1899 


U.S. Navy-Yard: 

Dry Dock, granite 


510. 5 


451.8 
(floor) 

708.8 
(floor) 


f 80. ,il 

1 30. 1 r 


27.5 


6» 


5 






Dry Dock.timber (build- 
ing). 


739.5 


/ 103.31 

[ m 


30 








1898 
















San Pedro, Cal.... 
San Diego, Cal 


1899 
















1899 


Marine Rwy. (2,500 tons) . . . 


860 
(250 out 
water) 


245 
(cradle) 


54 
(cradle) 


Fd, 10 
aft, 20 


5 


8» 


La Paz and 


1899 


None , 














Pichilinque Bay, 
Mexico. 
















Guaymas, Mexico 


1898 


Patent Slip (1 000 tons) - . 




245 
(cradle) 


40 
(cradle) 


{ ^ 


4 










1888 
1899 
















Mazatlan, Mexico 
San Bias, Mexico . 


None 














1899 


None 
















1899 
















San Jos£, 


1889 


None 




1 










Guatemala. 
















Acajutla, 

San Salvador. 


1899 


None 




























La Libertad, 


1899 


None 














San Salvador, 


















1899 
















San Salvador. 
















Amapala, 

Honduras. 


1899 
































1899 
















Nicaragua. 










- 







FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 



223 



the following Pacific Station ports — Continued. 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
canbemade. 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


■ Castings: 

Weight 

of largest 

that can 

be made. 


Remarks. 


Vulcan Iron Works 
(formerly Empire 
Foundry) . 

Oakland Iron Works 


1898 

1895. 
1899 

1898 


Machinery; 
work of 
moderate 
size. 

Machinery: 
large. 

Large 


18 in. diam., 
turned; 
no heavy 
forging. 

Small " 


No facilities. 


141 tons.. 


Not regularly en- 
gaged in marine 
work. 

Works adjoin the Pa- 








cific Marine Rwy. at 
Alameda Point. 

100-ton crane. 


Enterprise Iron 
Works. 


Small.,... 


12 in. diam., 
16 ft. long. 




3,000 lbs.. 


Also a smaller ma- 




chine shop. 


Standard Iron 
Works. 


1898 
1898 

1891 

1898 
1898 

1898 

1883 
1895 

1898 


Machinery: 

large. 
Machmery; 

large. 


18 in. diam., 
16 ft. long. 

14 in. diam., 
26 ft. long. 


12 in 


10 tons. 
6 tons. 










Sonora Rwy. Co 


Machinery; 
small. 
















R. R. machine shops 


Lambeth &Cie 


Large re- 
pairs to 
m achin- 

ery. 


8 in. diam., 
18 ft. long, 
forged and 
turned. 




10 tons... 


at Culiacan, 33 
miles distant. 




lishment there is a 
boiler shop with 
facilities for ordi- 
nary repairs. 


Pacific Mail S. S. Co. 
None 


To hulls 
and ma- 
chinery; 
small. 
















R. R. machine shop 
at Guatemala City, 
75 miles distant by 
rail ; lathe to take 
work 10 ft. long; 5- 
ton steam hammer; 
also boiler shop. 












None 


1895 


























1895 
1890 












None.. 










Paoillties for light 
machinery repairs 
at Amelia, 7 miles 
distant by rail; 
steam hammer at 
Managua. 













2-24 



COALIXG, POCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Particulars of docking and i-epairing uicilititf: of 



Name of port. 


i 

1 Docis. etc. 
Dale, (Basin dry docks, unless 
! otherwise stated.^ 


Length. 


Width 
at on- 
ti>tnce. 


Depth 
on sill. 
H,W„ 
ordin'N 
sprinss. 


Kiso of li^lo. 


Ovor 1 Over 
i\ll. 1 blocks. 


Sp\a>. Noap'; 


Punta Arenas, i s^>i 




Fefl. 


Fn-t. 


Fai. ! FtxI. 


Costa Ripa. 


1S9S 










Colombia. 
Taboga Id., 












14 




Colombia, j 
Buenaventura, ISM 


Xono 










Colombia. | 
Guavaquil. isw 


None 














Ecuador. • 
Payta.Peni [ 1S99 














Eton. Peru 1*S<; 












i ! ' 








Salaverry, Peru... JS99 














Chimbote.Peru... ISfti 






1 






Callao, Peiu lS;Vi 


St, George floating, iron 

(5,000 tons) . 
Hydraulic Dock 


SXI 




76 


21 


-1 






1899 
1S99 

1S99 
1899 

18il9 

1S99 

1899 
1899 






Dry Dock (proposed) 










Iquitos, Peru 












MoUendo, Pom... 


Nolio 






1 






Arioa, Chile 


Nono 












Pisagua, Ciiilo 








1 






Iquiquo, Chile 


Noiio 


1 


! 






Antofagasta, Chile 


None 














Taltal, Chile 


None 































FACILITIES OB' THE PORTS OP THE WORLD. 

the following Pacific Station voris — Continued. 



225 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
canbemade. 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 


Remarks. 




1896 
1898 

1886 
1888 










Small repairs at R. R. 


Pacific Mail S.S. Co. 
(Flamenco.) 

Pacific Steam Nav'n 

Co. (Taboga) . 
Panama R. E.Co 


Boilers 
and ma- 
chinery; 
ordinary. 

Small 

Small 


SOin.diam., 
12 ft. long, 
forged and 
turned. 

Very small. 

Very small. 


8 in 




shops at Esparta. 
The repairs of the 


20 in. 
20 in. 




ships belonging to 
the company are 
done at these 
works. Repairs 




other than the com- 




undertaken, and 
then only when not 
employed upon 
their own work. 

Vessels drawing 11 ft.. 


None 


1884 

1898 

1891 
1883 
1885 










300 ft, long. 


Herman Thomas 

None 


Small - 








2 small machine 










shops. 












Facilities for light re- 












pairs. 
















1884 

1898 

1898 
1898 

1896 
1899 












Chucinto Foundry. 
(S.D.Cock.) 

Heaton, Cree & Kerr 

Pacific Steam Navi- 
gation Co. 

Callao Dock Co 


Boilers and 
machin- 
ery; large. 

Boilers and 
machin- 
ery; large. 
Large, of 
allMnds. 

Ordinary. 


Forge 7 in. 
diam., any 
length; turn 
9 in; diam. 
Turn 56 in. 

diam., 24 

ft. long. 
Forge 4 in. 
diam., 5 ft. 
long; turn 
20 in. diam., 
20 ft. long. 


Any size 

Any size 

Tin 


2 tons 

6 tons. 
2 tons. 


machinery repairs 
at the R. R. shops. 

Dock has taken a ves- 
sel 380 ft. long; for 
vessels less than 30O 
ft. long there is a 
gate, for protection 
against swell while 
docking. This dock 




is not considered to 
be safe for a vessel 
of the Charleston 
class. 35-ton sheers 
at mole. 












shops. 




1884 










Small Rwy. work- 
shops. 












Tarapaca Foundry.. 

Morro Foundry 

Nitrate E. R. Co 

Antofagasta and Bo- 
livia R.R. Co. 


1891 
1891 
1898 

1898 


Machinery: 

ordinary 

repairs. 

Macninery; 

ordinary 

repairs. 

Machinery, 

moderate: 

boilers and 

engines, 

large. 

Boilers, 
large; en- 
gines and 
machin- 
ery, small. 








At Iquique there are 
plenty of facilities 
for repairs. The 
Tarapaca foundry 
has cast a boiler, 30 
by 7 ft.,of steel, lor 
silver -mining 
works. 


Forge 8 in. 
diam., 16 ft. 
long; turn 
24in.diam., 
18 ft. long. 

No forge; 
turn 8 in. 
diam., 10 
ft. tong. 


loin 

4in 


3 tons. 
2 tons. 












. 









12477- 



-15 



i26 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIKIXG 

rai-tirularf: of doi-k-inij ami repairing faci Jit iis of 



Xamo of port. 



Caldera, Chile 



Carrizal Bajo, 

Chile. 

Coqnimbo, Chile . . 



Valparaiso, Chile 



TalealmaTlo, 

Chile. 



I>ate. 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



1899 None . 

1 

I 
1S99 I Xoiie . 

1S99 j None . 

I 



1S9S 
1N\< 



Santiago floating, wood 

(6,000 tons) . 
Valparaiso floating, woi^d 

(2,500 tons). 



Coronel and Lota, 
Chile. 



Corral and 
Valdlvia, 

Chile. 

Sandy Point, 

Chile. 



1899 
1899 



Over 

nil. 



Length. 

° Width 
at en- 
Over trance. 



Fed. 



300 



Govt., Stone 

Patent Slip (2,000 tons) (Em- 
presa del Dique) . 



blocks. 



Ftd. Fni. 






(i32i 
255 



610 



Depth 
on sill, 
H.W., 
ordin'y 
spriugj!. 



/■■((/. 



Rise ot tide. 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



SU 



301 
F'd, 8; 
aft, 8. 



FAOILn.'IES OF THE POETS OF THE WORLD. 
the following Pacific Station ports — Continued. 



227 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facihties for repairs 

to steamers. 



Date. 



Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 



Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 

length of 
largest that 
can be made. 



Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 



Castings: 
"Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 



Remarks. 



CalderaandCopiapo 
Rwy. Co. 



Machinery; 
ordinary 
repairs. 



No for^e ; 
turn 16 in. 
diam.,22ft. 
long. 



Any size 



Govt. State Rwy . 



Balfour, Lyon & Co . 

Fundicion de la Re- 
piiblica. 

FundieJ6n Nacional 
Lever, Murphy & Co. 



1898 



Machinery 
ordinary 
repairs. 



Machinery 
large. 

Machinery 
ordinary 
repairs. 

Machinery 
ordinary 
repairs. 
Large, of 
all kinds. 



No forge ; 
turn 16 in. 
diam.,9ft. 
long. 



Forge 12 in. 
diam.; turn 
18 in. 

Turn any 
size. 

18 ft. long, 
turned. 

17in., forged 
and turned. 



Any size. 



Any size 

No facilities. 
No facilities. 
Any size 



2 tons at 
Coquim- 
bo shops 
7 tons 
Govt. 
State 
Rwy. 

10 tons... 



5 tons. 
3i tons. 
10 tons. 



Govt. Arsenal. 



1899 



Stnall. 



10 in. 



None. 



1883 



1888 



These shops do good 
work of the sizes 
undertabeu. 



R. R. shops undertake 
all ordinary repairs. 

Pistons of 120 in. di- 
ameter can be turn- 
ed at these works. 



The Santiago can 
dock ships of 6,000 
tons and 340 ft. long. 
The Valparaiso can 
dock ships of 2,500 
tons. Both are 
strengthened f o r 
ironclads. 

50-ton sheers. 

Lever, Murphy&Co.'s 
works are situated 
at Caleta Abarca, 2 
miles from Valpa- 
raiso, and have 
every facility for 
either constructing 
new works or for 
repairs of any 
kind — boilers, en- 
gines, propellers, 
etc. This company 
has made boilers for 
most of the ships of 
the Chilean navy, 
and executed re- . 
pairs to machinery 
andboilersof nearly 
all mien-of-war that 
visit Valparaiso. 

Govt. Rwy. shops at 
Concepcion,9 miles 
distant, afford facil- 
ities for ordinary 
repairs to machin- 
ery. 

The Govt. Dock is in 
2 sections, with 
length on blocks of 
3:^0 and '259^ ft or 
395andl93Ut. The 
inner entrances are. 
83 and 63^ ft. wide, 
respectively. Larg- 
est vessel docked, 
Augamos, 370 ft. 
long, 44 ft. beam, 
and 22 ft. -draught. 

Facilities for minor 
repairs at both 
places. 



Boiler shops at Val- 
divia. 



228 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Particulars of dochhuj and repairing fiiviliiii'x of 



Name of port. 


Date. 


Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 


Length. 


Width 
at en- 
trance. 


Deplh 
on sill, 

H.W., 
ordin'y 
springs. 


Rise of tide. 


(Ivor 
all. 


Over 
blocks. 


Sp'gs. 


Neap? 


Honolulu, Oalm, 
Hawaii. 


1898 


Marine Rwy., (1,500 ton.s) . 
(Sorensen & Lyle.) 


Fed. 
T.'-.O 


Rrt. 
1.S7.5 


Firl. 
10 


Feet. 
r'd,l'2; 
aft, 20. 


2S 




Hilo, Hawaii, 


1899 


None 














Sandwich Ids. 
















Papiete, Tahiti, 
Society Id.s. 


1898 


Patent Slip (300 tons) (Ma- 
rine Arsenal) . 




117 
(Cradle) 


20 
(Cradle) 


61; 13 


U 




Pago Pago, 
Tutuiia, 
Samoa Ids. 


1899 


NOIIL' 




























Apia, Upolu, 


1899 


None 














Samoa Ids. 


















1899 












1 


Fiji Ids. 


Point). 
















1899 
















Fiji Ids. 
















Noumea, 


1898 
1890 


Patent Slip (150 tons) 










1 




New Caledonia. 


Dry Dock (projected) 


(150 








Matupi, 


1880 














Blanche Bay, 
New Britain. 
















Ternate, 


1888 


None 














Ternate Id., 
Moluccas. 
















Amboyna, 


1888 


None 














Amboyna Id., 
Moluccas. 
















Gisser, 


1888 


None 














Banda Isles, 
Moluccas. 
















Buton,ButonId., 


1888 


None 














D.E.I. 
















Macassar, 


1891 


None 














an<3 all ports of 
Celebes. 
















Port Darwin, 


1899 


None 














Northern 
Territory, 
Australia. 

















FACILITIES OB' THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 

the following Pacific Station ports — Continuea. 



229 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
canbemade. 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 


Remarks. 


Honolulu Iron Works 
National Iron Works 

None 


1895 
1895 

1889 
1898 

1890 

1886 
1897 
1884 
1898 

1886 

1888 

1888 

1888 

1888 
1888 

1892 


Machinery; 
large. 

Minor re- 
pairs. 


Forge 15 in. 
diam.; turn 
ISin.diam., 
20 ft, long. 

ISin.diam., 
20 ft. long. 


12 in 


15 tons 
iron. 

6 tons 
brass. 


The Patent Slip is ca- 
pable of taking up a 
vessel of 1,200 tons 
with her weights 
out. The D. S. S. 




Mpsic.ol 1,375 tons 
displacement, was 
hauled up on this 
slip in 1889, her 
guns and coal hav- 
ing been previously 
taken out. It is pro- 
posed shortly to in- 
crease its capacity. 
Repairs to hulls.. 


Marine Arsenal 

(French Govt.) 


Machinery; 
small. 








At Papiete Harbor 
there is an arsenal 
and small factory 
on Farente Point 
where repairs to 
machinery may be 
effected on a small 
scale. 20-ton sheers. 








NOUG 












None 


Small.. . 






















P. Mermilliod 


Small 


6 in. diam., 
20 ft. long. 




t ton.... 


■1 Govt, shops and 2 
private shops for 
lightmachinework. 




None 












None 












None 












None 












None 






















Mud flats have been 
used by steamers of 
18 ft. draught for re- 
pairs to propellers. 













230 



COALING, DOCKING, AXD REPAIRING 

Particulars of docking and repairing faciUlies of 



Name of port. 



Cooklown, 
Queensland. 
.\uslrnlia. 



Towiisville. 
Queensland, 
Australia. 



Rockhampton. 
Queensland, 
Australia. 



Maryboro, 
Queensland, 
Australia. 



Docks, etc. 
Date. (Basin dry docks, unless 
otherwise stated.) 



Length. 



Over Over 
all. blocks. 



Brisbane, 
Queensland, 
Australia. 



1S9S 
1S9S 



Feet. 



Patent Slip(l,000 tons! 

(Townsvilie Foundry aud 
Shipbuilding Co,') 



Patent Slip (100 tons) ... 
(Qurunsland Govt.) 



Patent .'^lip (250 tons) . 



Queen.sland Govt., stone 

Alexander Peters's Patent 

Slip (1.000 tons). 
Moar's Patent Slip (400 tons) 



126 
(cradle) 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 
on sill, 
H.W., 
ordin'y 

.springs. 



(cradle) (cradle) 



13 
(cradle) 



■157 
■J50 



431J 

200 

(cradle) 

150 

(cradle) 



Fed. 



Rise of tidt 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



S to I to fi 
12 I 



! I 



00 



18 
10 
10 

\ 134 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WOKLD. 

Ihe following Pacific Slalion ports — Continued. 



231 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

lacilitles for repairs 

to steamers. 



Date. 



Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 



Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
canbemade. 



Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
iDrazed. 



Castings: 
Weight 

of largest 
that can 

be made. 



Remarl£s. 



1S92 



Cleveland Ponndry . 



Burns & Twigg . 



J. Walker & Co. 



Engines 
and ma- 
chinery; 
large. 



Boilers 
and ma- 
chinery; 
large. 



Hulls and 
m a c h In- 
ery; large. 



4 tons 



6 in. diam., 
15 ft. long. 



15 in. diam., 
forged and 
turned. 



18 in. 



Smith, FatOkner &; 
Co. ; 



Evans, Anderson,, 

Phelan & Co. 
J. W.Sutton <Si Co... 



Hipwood Bros 



1898 
1898 



1898 



Boilers, 
■m a c h in- 
iery, large; 
engines, 
small. 
Large 



Large. 



Forge, 14 in. 
diam. ,24 ft. 
long. 



12 in. diam., 

24 ft, long. 
No Jorge; 

turn,' 14 in. 

diam., 25 

ft. long. 



Any size. 



20 tons. 



8 tons. ; 
10 tons. ' 



Any size . 



Local carpenters are 
available for repairs 
of wooden vessels, 
and vessels of 6 or 7 
ft. draught, when 
light, can be beach- 
ed between Nos. 2 
and 3 wharves. 

Every description of 
shipwrights' and 
CEgineering work 
can be executed at 
the Cleveland 
Foundry. There are 
2 hydraulic jacks 
lor 125 and 100 tons, 
respectively. 

No steam power at 
Patent Slip; cradle 
can be lengthened 
to take vessels 100 
ft. long. 

Could cast propellers 
25 ft. or larger if re- 
quired. Shipbuild- 
ing yards are fitted 
with tools of the 
heaviest and most 
modern descrip- 
tion. Bending rolls 
are capable of bend- 
ing heavy plates 
14 ft. long; the 
punching aud 
shearing machines 
will admit 4-ft. 
plates, and will 
punch up to li in. 
thick; the planing 
machines plane 30 
ft. long; the plate 
furnaces take in 
plates 16 by 5 It., 
and angle iron bars 
up to 33 ft. long at 
one heat. There are 
various small tools, 
including counter- 
sinking and multi- 
ple machines. 

50-tt)n sheers at Govt. 
IJock 

Largestvessel docked, 
Bezwada, 5,000 tons. 

The depth of water on 
the sill of the dock 
has been reported 
to be 20 ft. 

These firms under- 
take repairs to boil- 
ets to any extent, 
and repairs to any 
ship which can en- 
ter the port; also 
coppersmiths' and 
pattern work. 

Hipwood Bros, under- 
take any work in 
copper from 24 in. 
in diameter to hy- 
draulic pipes to 
stand 2 tons per 
square inch. 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Parliculars of docking and irpairln</ faciliticx of 



Siunv of port. 



Date. 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry do(Xk£, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



(^laruiu'o Rivor. | isys 
Mi.-\v South Wales, 
.■Australia. 



Newcastle, New 
South Wales, 
Australia. 



Sydney, New 
South WaleS; 
Austraha. 



1898 



Length. 



Over 
all. 



Over 
all. 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Dentil jRjse of tide 

on sill, 

H.W., ] ■ 



Patent Slip: 

Grafton (200 tons) 



Maclear (100 tons) . . . 
Harwood's (300 tons) , 



Patent Slip (900 tons) 

(Orrs & Duke & Sons.) 

Patent Slip (250 tons) 

(Oullen Bros.) 



350 
•200 



1898 



Cockatoo Island: 

Fitzxoy 

Sutherland 

Woolwich, Atlas Pontoon . 
BaJmaln; 

Mort's 

Jubilee Floating 

Rowntree's Floating . 

Mort's Patent Slip — 
No.l 



No. 2. 
No. 8. 



Johnstons Bay, Qoodall's 
Floating. 

White Bay, Drake's Float- 
ing. 



482 
638 
242 

468 
317 
164 



Fni. 

100 
(cradle) 

72 
(cradle) 

90 
(cradle) 

210 
(cradle) 

150 
(cradle) 



90 
150 



474 
602 

242 

460 
300 
160 

270 
(cradle) 

200 

(cradle) 

80 

(cradle) 



Fill. 

18 
(cradle) 

16 
(cradle) 

14 
(cradle) 

45 
(cradle) 

40 
(cradle) 



(cradle) 
25 

(cradle) 
13i 

(cradle) 
28 

60 



3to4 



21i 
32 
14 

19i 
Ui 
12 

12 
22 



FACILITIES OF THE POETS OF THE WOKLD. 
thefoUomng Pacific Station ports — Continued. 



233 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc. , haying 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 



Date. 



Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 



Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can be made. 



Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 



Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 



Remarks. 



Cullen Bros 

Morrison & Bearby. 

(Carrington.) 
Orrs& Duke & Sons 

(Stockton.) 
J. S. Rodgers & Sons 

Jas. Russell & Co 

O. Sullivan & Co ... 



Her Maj esty's Dock- 
yard, at Garden 
Island. 



1898 
1898 



Hulls only. 
Machinery, 

General re 

pairs. 
Machinery. 
Machinery. 
Hulls only. 



Engines, 
boilers, 
machin- 
ery; large. 



Forge, 10 in. 
diam.,4ft. 
long- turn, 
any diam., 
20 ft. long. 



Any size . 



New South Wales 
Govt., at Cockatoo 
Island. 



Mort's Dock and 
Engineering Co., 
Limited, at Water- 
view Bay. 



Engines, 
boilers, 
machin- 
ery; large. 



Forge 24 in. 
diam.,38ft. 
long; turn 
33 ft. long. 



36 in. 



20 tons... 



At Newcastle there 
are brass and iron 
foundries, where 
castings of the larg- 
est dimensions are 
executed; also 
steam boilers and 
engines made and 
repaired. Repairs 
of all descriptions 
can be effected on 
the Patent Slip at 
Stockton. 

Fitzroy Dock: Alei-t 
and Corm<ira7tt, to- 
gether 372 feet, were 
docked, 1881; steam 
vessels 400 ft. long 
frequently docked. 
Sutherland (Biloela) 
Dock: The length 
on blocks can be 
increased by 30 ft. 
by placing the cais- 
son in the outer 
stop; steam vessel 
Kaiser WUhelm II, 
450 ft. in length, 51- 
ft. beam, docked. 
Atlas Pontoon: Lift- 
ing power, 1,200 
tons. Jubilee Float- 
ing Dock: Lifting 
power, 1,500 tons. 
Rowntree's Float- 
ing Dock: Lifting 
power, 474 tons. 
Mort's Patent Slips: 
Lifting power. No. 
1, 2,000 tons; No. 2, 
1,000 tons; No. 3, 40 
tons. Goodall's 
Floating Dock: Lift- 
ing power, 120 tons. 
Drake's Floating 
Dock: Lifting pow- 
er, 500 tons. 

New South Wales Gov- 
ernment do not un- 
dertake the repairs 
of vessels docked 
except their own. 
All parties availing 
themselves of the 
use of Fitzroy Dock 
must make their 
own arrangements 
for repairs. 

Mort's Dock and En- 
gineering Establish- 
ment is most exten- 
sive and complete. 
Large repairs to 
hulls also executed. 
A machine for test- 
ing cables up to 300 
tons. Ownldrydock 
and 3 patent slips. 



ISi 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIKING 

J'drticitlarx nf doching a»d repairinrj fnrilillin of 



Xamo of port. 



Sydney. New 
South Wales, 
Aiistrrtlia — 
Continued. 



Melbourne, 
Williamstown, 
and Geelong, 
Pt. Phillip Bay, 
Vietoria, 
Australia. 



Date, 



1898 
1898 



Ijcns'th 
Docks, etc. ■ . Width 

(Basin dry docks, unless 1 — ' at en- 

otherwise stated.) Over Over [ trance, 

all. blocks. 



Depth 
on sill, 

H.W., 
ordin'y 
springrs. 



Williamstown: 

Alfred , 

New Floating Dock 

(Melbourne Coal Shipping 

and Engineering Co.) 
Patent Slips: 

Government (500 tons) . 

Wright, Orr & Co.'s (400 
tons) . 
Melbourne Coal Shipping 

and Engineering Co. 
River Yarra: 

G.S.Duke&Son 

Wright, Orr & Co 



Rise of tide. 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



470 
216 



469 
200 



100 
(cradle) 

1C.0 

(crndlo) 

(«; 

(crndlo) 

478 
800 



30 
icradle) 



15i 

17 



FACILITIES OP THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 

the following Pacific Si nHim porta — Continued. 



235 



Shipyards, machine 

shops^ etc. , having 

facihties for repairs 

to steamers. 



Atlas Foundry and 
Engineering Co., 
Limited, on Para- 
matta River. 



Foster (t Minty, 
near Peacock 
Point, Balmain. 



Davy & Sand's Al- 
bion Engine 
Works and Patent 
Slip, at Pyrmont. 

Chapman & Co.'s 
Engineering 
Works, at Bal- 



Halliday & Co., at 
Balmain. 



Blackwattle Engine 
Works (B. & W. 
Robertson's) , at 
Blackv^atjtle Bay. 



Balmain Engineer- 
ing Company, at 
Balmain. 

Clyde Engineering; 
Works, at Gran- 
ville. 



Melbourne; 

Johnson & Sons 
(Tyne Pouii- 
dry). 



Campbell, Sloss 
& McCann. 



Date. 



Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 



Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
canbemade. 



Engines, 
boilers 
machin- 
ery; large 



Engines 
and boil 
ers, large 
m a c h i n 
ery, small 



Engines 
and boil- 
ers, small: 
machin- 
ery, large. 



Machinery, 
engine s 
boil ers 



large. 



En^nes, 
boilers, 
machin- 
ery; large. 



10 in. diam., 
20 ft. long. 



12 in. diam., 
18 ft. long. 



12 in. diam. 
20 ft. long. 



20 in. diam., 
27 ft. long. 



22 in. diam. 
16 ft. long. 



Pipes; Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 



Any size . 



Any size 



Any size . . 



Any size . . 



Castings; 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 



Remarks. 



Atlas Foundry and 
Engineerings Com- 
pany's iron foundry 
is extensive and 
Avell equipped, and 
has all' the plant for 
extensive casting 
operations. Boiler 
shop fitted with 
everj' appliance for 
making and repair- 
ing the heaviest 
boiler. 



Boiler-making shop is 
replete with all nec- 
essary machines for 
executing every 
cla.ss of work. 

At Chapman's works 
marine and land 
engineering and 
boiler work are ex- 
tensively carried 
on. Vessels are 
berthed alongside 
the Pacific Wharf 
for repairs; depth, 
16 ft. at low water. 

Halliday & Co. are 
largely engaged in 
buudiug engines 
and boners for har- 
bor steam vessels. 

These works have 
tools of the most re- 
cent recognized im- 
provements and are 
adapted both to 
land and marine 
work. 



Johnson & Sons can 
execute large re- 
pairs to either hull 
or machinery. 2 
graving docks ad- 
join the works. 

Campbell & Co. exe- 
cute all necessary 
repairs to hull or 
machinery; the 
steam vessels built 
by this firm are the 
largest yet built in 
the colony. They 
have arranged to 
erect extensive en- 
gineering works ca- 
pable of undertak- 
ing repairs of every 
description. 



■236 



COALING, DOCKING, AND BEPAIBING 

Particulars of docking and repairing facilities of 



Name of port. 



Melbourne, 

Williamstown, 

and Geelong. 

Pt, Philip Bay, 

Victoria. 

Australia- 
Continued. 



Date. 



Port Adelaide, 
Soutb Anstralia, 



Docks, et<!. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otlienvise stated. 



Length. 



Over Over 
all. blocks. 



Fiel. 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth Rise of tide, 
on sill. 

H, W.,| i 

ordin'y i., . ' 



ipnn^. 



• ISp'gs. Neaps 



1896 



Dunnikier (building) .. 
Patent Slips: 

Jenkins's (500 tons) 



Adelaide Steam Tug 

Co.'s (500 tons). 
H. C. Fletcher's (1,500 

tons). 

Tayler's (300 tons) 

(A.S.T.CO.) 
Moore's (200 tons) 



600 

liO 

(cradle) 

180 

(cradle) 

250 

(cradle) 

70 

(cradle) 

65 



83 
(cradle) 



S 
(for'd) 
10 
(for'd) 
f 15 
L 20i 

(for'd) 
5 



a 



FACILITIES OF THE POETS OF THE WORLD. 

the following Pacific Station ports — Continued. 



237 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts; Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can be made. 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings; 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 


Remarks. 


Jlelbourne— Cont'd. 














RobisonBros 


1887 


Engin e s , 
boilers, 
machi u - 
ery; large. 


Forge Win. 
diam. ; 
turn any 
diam., 


Any size .... 


10 tons... 


Eobison Bros, keep in 
stock a large num- 
ber of centrifugal 
pumps and engines 
for raising vessels. 








27 ft. long. 


















Their turning lathe 














is said to be the larg- 














est in the colony. 


Forman <& Co . . . 


1887 


Engin e s , 
boilers, 
machin- 
ery; large. 


18 in. diam., 
any length. 


Any size 


10 tons... 


Forman & Co. repair 
the steamers of the 
Union Co., and can 
execute the largest 
demands f ormarine 
repairs. 


Williamstown; 














Victorian Govt. . 
Forman & Co 


1898 
1898 










Machines are of Whit- 


Larfire 




Any size. 
Any size 




worth's make. 


Johnson & Sons. 


1898 


^w^S V. .... . 

Large 


20 in. diam., 


20 tons. 


With a long continu- 








27 ft. long. 






ance of northerly 


RobisonBros 


1898 


Large 


Any size . . . 


Any size 


20 tons. 


and easterly winds 


Australian Forge 


1898 


Large 


27 in. diam.. 






the depth on the 


and Engineer- 






30 ft. long. 






sill of Alfred Dock 


ing Co. 












is not more than 25} 


0' Grady & Co... 


1898 


Large 


16 in. diam., 
25 ft. long. 






ft. at high-water 
ordinary springs. 


Langland's 


1898 


Large 


16 in. diam., 






It is intended to 


Foundry Co. 






25 ft. long. 


Any size 


20 tons. 


lengthen this dock 
100 ft. Duke's Dock 


























can be divided Into 














two parts, respec- 














tively 300 and 180 ft. 














in length. Largest 














vessels docked: Al- 














fred Dock, 486 ft. 














long,23t ft. draught, 














607 ft. over all, the 














dock being tempo- 














rarily lengthened 














by shifting the cais- 














son; New Floating 














Dock, 748 tons, 173 














ft. long, 11 ft. 














draught; in Duke's, 














3,303 tons, 330 ft. 














long, draught 12i 














ft.; in Wright, Orr 














& Co.'s dock, 2,486 














tons, 310 ft. long. 














draught 15 ft. 


Melbourne 


1898 


Large 


34 in. diam.. 


10 in 




Melbourne Steamship 
Co. execute repairs 


Steamship Co., 






30 ft. long. 






Limited. 












when in the Govt. 


Austral Otis Co.. 


1898 


Large 


12 in. diam., 
20 ft. long. 


Any size 


20 tons. 


dock. The works are 
close to the dock. 
No other engineer- 
ing works nearer 


G^elong: 

Humble and 












than Melbourne. 


1887 


Large 


8in 


Large 


7 tons. 




Nicholoder. 














South Australian 


1898 


Large 


Forge 8 in. 


15 in 


6 tons 


No progress is being 


Govt. Dock-yard. 






diam. ; 
turn any 
size. 






made with the Dun- 
nikier Dock (1898) . 


Carron Iron Wurks.. 


1898 


Large 


Forge io in.; 
turn any 
size. 








Etna Iron Works 


1898 


Large 


Turn any 




2 tons. 




Playfair.J 


1898 


Large 


size. 
Turn any 
size. 



















238 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Particulars of dockhiij ami n-palriini facilitit'fi of 



Name of port. 


Date 


Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, miles.s 

otherwise stated. 


Length. 


Width 
at en- 
trance. 


Depth 
on sill, 

H.W., 
ordin'> 
springs 


Rise of tide. 


Over Over 
all. blocks. 


Sp'gs.;Ncaps 


Port Adelaide, 


1898 

1899 

1897 

1898 

1898 

1898 

1898 
1898 

1898 
1898 

1899 

1883 

1898 
1898 


Wet Docks: 


Fal. : Feet. 


Ftil. 

65 
60 


Feet. 
22 








550 
750 

72 


550 
300 






Continued. 


Port dock 


Albany, 


Floating (for lighters) 

(P. and 0. Steam Naviga- 
tion Co.) 

Patent Slip (650 tons) 


Western 
Australia. 

Freeman tie. 


160 
(cradle) 

219 
(cradle) 

150 
(cradle) 

120 
(cradle) 






3 


2 
34 


Western 
Australia. 

Hobart, Tasmania 


Patent Slip (500 tons) 

(B. Kennedy & Sons.) 

Patent Slip (300 tons, 

(Alex. McGregor.) 

Patent Slip (200 tons) 

(James D. Mackey.) 
Patent Slip (200 tons) 


940 
580 
300 




F'd, 13 
aft. 24. 
F'd, 8; 
aft, 13, 
F'd, 5; 
aft, 9. 
















Patent Slip (200 tons) 










Devonport, 


Patent Slip 








10 

12i 


Tasmania. 
Launceston, 


Floating (160 tons) 


160 




40 


12i 




Tasmania. 
Eussell and Opua, 


(Marine Board.) 




Bay of Islands, 
New Zealand. 

Whangerei, 


None 














New Zealand. 

Auckland, 

New Zealand. 

Grahamtown 


Calliope Dock, stone, new.. 

(Harbor Board.) 
Auckland City Dock, old... 


525 
302 


500 
300 


80 
43 


38 
13i 


11 


9 


(River Thames) , 
New Zealand. 



















FACILITIES OF THE POETS OF THE WORLD. 

ihi- follovying Pacific Station ports — Continued. 



239 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facihties for repairs 

to steamers. 



Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 



Shafts : Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can be made. 



Pipes; Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 



Castings : 
Weight 

of largest 
that can 

be made. 



Remarks. 



McColl,J.Il.. 
Fulton & Co.. 

Martin & Co. . 
Fletcher, H. C 



1898 
1898 



1898 



Large. 



Large 

Engines 
ana ma- 
chinery ; 
large. 

Large 



Govt. Locomotive 
Works. 



Kennedy, R., & Sons 



1898 



Small. 



Hulls, en- 
gi.nes, and 
boilers 
large. 



Forge 12 in. 

diam. ; 

turn any 

size. 

15 in. diam., 

21 ft. long. 

12 in. diam., 

18 ft. long. 



8 in. diam., 
20 ft. long. 



Turn 8 in. 
diam., 16 
ft. long. 

Forge 5 
in. diam.; 
turn 20 
in. diam., 
18 ft. long. 



Any size. 
15 in 



15 in. 



5 in. 



5 tons. 



3 tons. 



3 tons. 



Any size... 



15 in. 



Knight & Co 

Salisbury, E., & Co . 



None. 



1891 
1891 

1898 



Engines 
and boilers. 
Engines 
and boilers. 



Lane & Brown . 



Fraser & Sons. 



Hawkeswood, Bach 
&Co. 

Macefleld & Co. (Al- 
bert Iron Foundry) 



C. & W.Bailey 

Dunn, Smith & Co. . 



Hulls and 
machinery. 
Hulls and 
machinery. 
Engines 
and boilers, 
small. 

Small.. 



11 in. diam., 
20 ft. long. 



6 in. diam., 
20 ft. long. 



8 in. diam., 
20 ft. long. 



24 in. 



10 tons. 



7 tons. 



1 ton. 



Price Bros. 



Large. 



8 in. diam., 
24 ft. long. 



12 tons. 



30-ton sheers. 

There are several 
other firms at Ho- 
bart capable of ex- 
ecuting minor re- 
pairs to engines and 
b i 1 e r s ■ of small 
craft. 

Can take vessels of 125 
ft. keel. 



There are works 
where ordinary re- 
pairs to steam ves- 
sels can be effected. 

There are several 
machine shops. 

This firm owns a saw- 
mill and a fair plant 
of wood -working 
machinery. 

Fraser & Sons are car 
pable of executing 
extensive repairs to 
small vessels; their 
establishment is the 
most complete in 
Auckland, 

50-ton sheers at Calli- 
ope Dock. 

None of the engineer- 
ing firms in Auck- 
land are supplied 
with tools necessary 
to carry on work of 
a heavy nature, 
such as repairing a 
broken shaft of any 
size, or other heavy 
forging of a large 
ship. The harbor 
board are taking 
steps to remedy this. 



240 



COALING, DOCKING, AND BEPAIKING 



Particulars of docking and repairing facilities of 



Name of port. 



Date. 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



Length. 



Over Over 
all blocks. 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 
on sill, 
H.W. 
ordin'y 
springs 



Else o£ tide 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



Napier, 

New Zealand. 



Wellington, 

New Zealand. 



Patent Slip (150 tons) . , 
(John Northey.) 



Patent Slip (2,000 tons) . 

(Evans Bay.) 
Patent Slip (100 tons) . . . 

(CoiEey & Co.) 



Feet. 
190 



Nelson, 

New Zealand. 



Lyttelton, 

New Zealand. 



Patent Slip (150 tons) . 



Dry Dock 

Patent Slip (300 tons) . 



503 



Feet. 
90 
(cradle) 



260 
(cradle) 

100 
(length 
vessel 
taken) 



130 
(cradle) 



462 

150 

(cradle) 



Feel. 
23 
(cradle) 



30 
(cradle) 



Feet. 
r'd,4; 
aft, 7. 



3to4 



Si 



25 
(cradle) 



62 



r 6J 
I 74 



Timaru, 

New Zealand. 

Dunedin and 
Port Chalmers, 
New Zealand. 



Patent Slip (200 tons) 

Dry Dock 

Dry Dock (proposed) 



350 



600 



120 
(cradle) 



18J 



Or 



FACILITIES OF THE POBTS OF THE WOELD. 



241 



the following Pacific Station ports — Continued. 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can be made. 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight. 

of largest 
that can 

be made. 


Remarks. 


Hawkes Bay Foun- 


1898 


Large 


lOin. diam., 


lain 


5 tons. 




dry. 






12 ft. long. 








Vulcan Foundry 


1898 


Large 


5 in. diam.. 


3 in.... 


2 tons. 










12 ft. long. 








Cable & Co 


1898 


Ordinary 
repairs. 


6 in. diam.. 


Any size 


10 tons. . . 


None of the Welling- 
ton establishments 






20 ft. long. 




Luke,S.,&Sons 


1898 


Large 


6 in. diam.. 




10 tons. 


are prepared to un- 








18 ft. long. 






dertake work of 


Robertson & Co 


1898 


Ordinary 
repairs. 
Ordinary 


6 in. diam., 
18 ft. long. 




10 tons. 


more than moder- 




ate size. 


Seagar, Edward 


1898 


6 in. diam., 


16 in 


4 tons. 


The harbor board 






repairs. 


20 ft. long. 






own a 40-ton crane, 
a 10-ton hydraulic 
crane, and numer- 
ous smaller ones. 


Anchor Foundry Co. 


1898 


Medium . . 


Forge 6 
in. diam.; 


6 in 


2 tons. 




















turn 25 ft. 














long. 








Anderson, John 


1898 


Large 


6 in. diam., 
16 ft. long. 


18 in 


12 tons. . . 


John Anderson's firm 
has an hydraulic 


Scott Bros. (Atlas 


1898 


Large 


6 in. diam.. 


Any usual 


10 tons. 


riveter capable of 


Engineering 






30 ft. long. 


size. 




working to a pres- 


Works), Christ^ 












sure of 25 tons on 


church. 












the square inch. 


Lyttelton Harbor 


1898 


Large. 








Largest vessel docked. 


Board. 












4,575 tons, 430 by 46 
ft.; draught, lOJ ft. 
The blocks can be 
lowered to give a 
depth of 24 ft. 




1898 


Small 






J ton 


All ordinary repairs. 
There are 5 small 


























foundries. 


Port Chalmers: 














Wm. Gardner & Co. 


1898 


Large 


14 in. diam. 






Largest vessel docked 














330 by 42 ft.; 














draught, 18 ft. A 














depth of 19i ft. has 














been reported on 














the sill of the dry 














dock. 














There is also a patent 
slip for small ves- 
sels, but its state of 






































repair is not good. 


Morgan Cable & 
Co. 


1898 


Large 


14in. diam., 






Morgan & Cable exe- 




any length. 






cute repairs to the 


Dunedin: 












vessels of the Union 


A. & T.Burt 


1898 


Large 


Any size... 


Any size 


Iron,8t'ns; 
bronze, 3 
tons. 


Steamship Co. They 
own a dry dock. 
Vessels can go 


Cossens & Black . . 


1898 


Medium . . 


6 in. diam., 




3 tons. 


alongside their 








10 ft. long. 






workshops. 


Begg& Wilkinson. 
Vulcan Foundry.. 


1898 


Small 


6 in. diam., 




2i tons. 




1891 


Large 


10 ft. long. 
10 in. forged; 


Any size 


10 tons. 










any size 














turned. 








Dunedin Iron 


1898 


Large 


15 in. diam., 


Any size 


6 tons.... 


Can undertake build- 


Works. 






30 ft. long. 






ing or repairing 
boilers or hulls of 
ships. 


Shott's Iron and 


1896 


Heavy 


18 in. diam. 




3 tons 


Shott's Works afe 


Steel Works. 




forgings. 






steel. 


barely finished. 
They are intended 
for the conversion 
of iron into steel, 
and for the rolling 
of merchant iron. 
Will be able to make 
steel castings up to 
3 tons. 


Anderson & Mor- 


1898 






Any size 




Anderson & Morrison 


rlson. 












execute principally 
brass foundings and 
coppersmiths' work 
in all its branches. 



12477- 



-16 



COALING, DOCKING, AND KEPAIBING 

rarlicitlcn-ti a/ docking a)itl rc^Miriny/iK-ililiii' of 



! ,1 Docks, cte. 

Xaiuf of port. ; Date.' ^Basiii dry docks, unless 
' i otherwise stated.) 



Length. 

Over Over 
hJI. blocks. 



I I'lii'tli Ri.scol'lidc 
Width ' on sill, 
at en- H.W. 
trance. |<'n1'"'V sp\'s.|^Van^ 



Bhiff Harbor, l^',l.^ I'atonl Slip iiltW tonsl . 

No^^■ ZeaJaiul. ! 



nd. \ i;,i. r,<i. hy<t. 
TO \fl."^ 

I ll■r;\.^.U•^ 



(.trovmoutb, ; US'.iit None , 

New ZealMii.l. 



Ptirllcnlitrs iif (locking (iiid npairiiii) farHiHi'f 



PetropanloTski, '. ISOl ' \i me 

Kivmchatka. 

Vhidivostok, IMis Depa^itinsr and seetional ... 

Siberia. (Oovt.l 

l.^\)J^ Czarevileb Nieholas Drv 

Dock. 
I.v.is Floalini; (p'oposedl (VJ.KIO 
tonsK 



301 '■ aoi 74J 

.■^7."! • .ViO 90 

l->y TT 



■Ji; 1 

30 i 



Hakodate, Japan. IS'.il! None 



Yokohama, Japan i Yokohama Dock Co.: 

1 S'.is No. 1 (building) .iXS 

ISK I No.'i 120 



Yokosuka, Japan . 



1899 
1899 
1899 



tUivl., .'itone 
No. 1 . . . , 
No, 'J... 
No, 3... 



Mi 
308 



171 



S2H 
459 
270 



liOi 







s 


82 


221 




91i 


2S! 




4t)J 


178 


1 



FACILITIES OP THE PORTS OK THE WORLD. 



243 



the following Pacific Station ports — Continued. 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
canbemade. 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 


Remarks. 


J. Johnstone (Vul- 
can Foundry, In- 
vercargill) . 

J. K. Jameson 

Southland Engi- 
neering Co. 


1898 

1898 
1898 


Machinery; 
ordinary 
repairs. 

Large 

Large 


5 in. diam., 
30 ft. long, 
forged and 
turned. 

Turn any 
length. 

7 in. diam., 
12 ft. long. 




3 tons 

1}- tons. 
3 tons. 




Any size 

Any size 


vercargill to Bluil 
Harbor is 20 miles 
by rail. 

















of the following Asiatic Station ports. 



None. 



Russian Govt. Dock- 
yard. 



Hakodate 
Works. 



Engine 



Yokohama Engine 
and Iron Works. 



Whitfield & Co . 



Imperial Govt. Dock- 
yard. 



1885 



1892 



1898 



Pacil ities 
for all or- 
dinary re- 
pairs. 



Machinery 



Large, of 
all kinds. 



Large, of 
allkinds. 



Large. 



8 in. diam., 
20 ft. long. 



Forge 9 in. 
diam.; turn 
15 in. diam., 
22 ft. long. 
18 in. diam., 
26 ft. long, 
turned. 

12 in. diam., 
20 ft. long, 
forged and 
turned. 



15 in. 



14 in. 



2Uin . 



J ton. 



2 tons. 



10 tons 
iron; 8 
tons 
brass. 



The Depositing and 
Sectional Dock is in 
4 sections, and has 
a total lifting power 
of 8,000 tons. 

The largest vessel 
docked to 1888 (3 
sections) was the 
Russian man-of-war 
Vitiaz, of 2,950 tons 
displacement, 266 
ft. in length, 46 ft. 
beam, and 16 ft. 
draught. 

The first section only 
can be used as a 
Depositing Dock. 

It is proposed to build 
2 more docks of sim- 
ilar size adjoining 
the Dry Dock. 

The Russian cruiser 
Dmitry Donskoy, 
6,893 tons, 296 ft. 
long, 52 ft. beam, 24 
ft. draught, has 
been docked in the 
new dock. 

There are several 
wooden shipbuild- 
ing yards. 

The Dock Co. also 

f)ropose erecting 
arge engineering 
works; 2 more docks 
are proposed. 



40-ton crane; 20-ton 
floating derrick. 

No. 2 Dock is divided 
by a central caisson 
and can therefore 
take 2 vessels. It 
will just hold bat- 
tle ships of 12,400 
tons. The bottom 
slopes 2 ft. in its 
length. 

The bottom of No. 3 
Dock slopes 2 ft. 6 
in. in its length. 

This is the principal 
dockyard of Japan, 
and is principally 
engaged in repairs. 
There are 2 building 



2U 



COALING, DOCKING, AND KEPAIEING 

Particulars of docking and repairing facilities of 



Name of port. 



Date, 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



Length. 



Over 
all. 



Over 
blocks. 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 
on sill, 
H.W. 
ordin'y 
springs. 



Rise of tide. 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



Uraga, Japan . 
Tokyo, Japan. 



Ohama, 

Province of 
Mikawa, Japan. 

Toba, Province of 
Shima, Japan. 

Hiogo and Kobe, 
Japan. 



1898 
1898 



1895 



Osaka, Japan. 



Kure, 

Province of Aki, 
Japan. 



1895 



1898 



IsMkawajima S. B. and Eng. 

Co. 

Tokyo Dry Dock 

(Japanese Ctovt.) 

Ishikawajima, wood 

(Tokyo Shipbuilding Yaid. ) 



EoTomogauTU Co., wood... 



Toba Ironworks. 



Kawasaki Shipbuilding Co. 
Patent Slip- 
No. 1 (2,000 tons) .... 



No. 2 (975 tons) . 
Dry Dock (building) . 



Dry Dock , 

(Osaka Iron Works.) 

Kizugawa Senkla, wood . . . , 
Kobnoshiki Kwaisha, wood 



Sola Zosenjo,wood 

Nagata Zosenio, wood: 
No.l 

No. 2 

Osaka Senkla, wood and 
stone. 

Kwaisha,wood and stone. 



GovtDock (old) 

Govt. Dock (new) (build- 
ing)- 



Feet. 
455 



300 
270 



250 

247 

900 
503 
400 



250 



210 



180 



235 



160 
223 



246 



350 
476 



lixt. 



Feet. 
65i 



250 
(floor) 



210 
(floor) 



227 
(floor) 



250 
(cradle) 

180 
(cradle) 



210 
(floor) 



152 
(floor) 



175 
(floor) 



230 

(floor) 



156 
(floor) 

208 
(floor) 



225 
(floor) 



41 
(top) 
. 30 
(bot'm) 

42 



24 

19.5 

SO 



37.3 
(top) 
34.1 
(bot'm) 
36 
(top) 
34 
(bot'm) 
29 
(top) 
27 
(bot'm) 

(top) 
27 
(bot'm) 

45 
(top) 
40 
(bot'm) 

45 
(top) 
39 
(bot'm) 

(top) 
39 

(bot'm) 

55 
69 



Feet. 
22t 



14} 
14 



13i 

14 
12 
23 



U.S 



10.6 



26 
S2i 



5» 



FACILITIES OF THE P0ET8 OP THE WORLD. 



245 



thefollovring Asiatic Station ports — Continued. 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can be made. 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings; 

Weight 
of largest 

that can 
be made. 


Remarks. 


Imperial Naval Ar- 
senal. 

Ishikawajima Build- 
ing Yard. 


1898 
1898 


Small 






6 tons 

8 tons. 


A private company 
also has a ship- 
building and re- 
pairing yard, where 
any kind of repairs 
to engines, boilers, 
etc., can be under- 
taken. 


Large 


8 in.diam., 
20 ft. long. 


18 in 


Kawasaki Shipbuild- 
ing and Engineer- 
ing Co. (Hiogo) . 


1898 


Large 


12 in 


8 in 


5 tons 


The largest lathe 
could be adapted 
for taking 23 ft. in 
length and 12 ft. in 
diameter. There is 
a depth of 20 ft. 
alongside the 
wharf, at which a 
ship can lay for 
repairs. 

Formerly private es- 
tablishment of E. 
C. Kirby & Co. 




Onohama Imperial 
Dockyard (Kobe 
Point). 


1890 


Ordinary 
repairs. 














Hirano Iron Works. . 


1892 

1891 
1898 


Hulls, en- 
gines, and 
boilers. 

Hulls only. 

Large 










Forge 9 in.; 
turn 15 in. 
diam., 25 
ft. long. 


Any size 


15 tons... 




Hunter's Iron and 
Shipbuilding 
Works. 


There is a dry dock 
in connection with 
these works, and 
extensive repairs to 
hull and machinery 
have been executed 
to a steam vessel of 
650 tons. 


Govt. Dockyard 


1898 


Large 


Forge 6 in. 
diam.; turn, 
15 in.diam., 
50 ft. long. 


24 in 


28 tons... 


In the arsenal at Kure 
a large turning and 
fitting shop is 
already furnisned, 
and a foundry with 
all arrangements 
for the manufacture 
of the largest guns 
is in an advanced 
stage of completion. 

The old dock has 3 
stops for the cais- 
son. The new dock 
will take a 15,000- 
ton battle ship. 



246 



COALING, DOCKIWG, AND KEPAIRING 

Paiiiculars of docking and repairing farilitie-i of 



Name of port. Date. 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry_ docks, unless 

othenvise stated.) 



Lengtb. 



Over 
all. 



Width 
at en- 
Over I trance, 
blocks. I 



Depth 
on sill, 

H.W. 
ordin'y 
springs. 



Sp'gs. Neaps; 



Rise of tide. 



i, Japan..! i898 
1898 
1899 



Sassebo, Japan . . . 



Nagasaki Dry Dock, stone . . 
Dry Dock, stone (Akunoura) 
Patent Slip (1,200 tons), 
wood (Y.Iwasaki). 



Chemulpo, 



Korea. 



Port Arthiu-, 

China. 



Niuchwang, 

China. 



Taku and 

TientsiUj 

China. 



Wei-hai-wei, 

China. 



Chifu, China. 



Chinkiang, 
Yangtse River, 
China. 



Hankow, 
Yangtse River, 
China. 



1898 Govt, (stone) 

1899 1 No. 1 (building) . 
1899 I No. 2 (building) . 
1899 No. 3 {building) . 
1899 Floating (150 tons).. 



371 
760 



442 
420 
492 
213 



Feet. 

510 

360 

220 

(cradle) 



416 



Fea. 



661 
3D 



Feet. 

274 

23 

18 



38i 
34J 
35i 



Dry Dock (Govt.) 

Small dockiortorpedoboats. 
Slip 



452 



1898 Mud Dock. 



1895 



Chinese Govt 

(Taku ETockyard) . 
Taku Tug and Lighter Co.: 

No.l 

No.2 



None . 



None . 



None 



340 



335 
300 



315 
275 



82 



lOJ 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 

the foUmoiiiy Asiatic Station porta — Continued. 



247 



Shipyards, machine 

shojjs, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 



Mitsu Bishi Works . 



Japanese Govt. Dock- 
yard. 

Japanese Govt. Dock- 
yard. 



Date. 



Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 



Shafts : Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can bemade. 



Hulls, boil- 
ers, and 
machin- 
ery; large, 

Large 



Large. 



Small machine shop.' 1894 , 



Minor re- 
pairs. 



Kussian Govt. Dock- 
yards. 



1895 i Hulls and 
machin- 
ery; large. 



Chinese Govt. Dock- 
yard (Taku). 




Largo. 



Large. 



Minor re- 
pairs. 



Minor re- 
pairs. 



Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 



Forge 12 in.; 
turn any 
size. 



Any size. 



Castings : 
Weight 

of largest 
that can 

be made. 



Turn 14 in. ] 14 in. 
diam.,20 i 
ft. long. 



12in. diam.,! 15 in. 
forged; 
any diam., 
30 ft. long, ! 
turned. ! 



Any size.. 



Remarks. 



.0 ton-sheers; electric 
welding; heaviest 
kind of work; build 
ships of 600 tons. 



The docks building 
are of granite. No. 
1 is to be completed 
in 20 months, No. 2 
in 2 years, and No. 
3inl0months, (Oct., 
1899.) 



The dock at Port 
Arthur is being 
lengthened (1899). 



River closed by ice 
from Nov. 10 to Apr. 
5. Mud docks dug 
and occupied by U. 
S.S.PetrelandH.B. 
M. S. Firebrand in 
winter of 1894-95. 
Available for ves- 
sels drawing not 
more than 12 ft. 



50-ton sheers at dock- 
yard. Taku affords 
the only facilities 
for repairs on Peiho 
River; there are no 
engineering estab- 
lishments at Tien- 
tsin. 



2o-ton sheers. 



There is no machin- 
ery for shipbuilding 
orengineeringwork 
at Hankow, but or- 
dinary repairs can 
be effected. 20-ton 
crane. 



248 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Particulars of docking and repairing J'acililii.-< of 



Name of port. 



Socliis, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



Length. 



Over 
all. 



Width 
at en- 
Over trance, 
blocks. 



Depth 

on sill, 

H.W. 

ordin'y 

springs. 



Rise of tide. 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



Shanghai, China. 



1898 
1898 

1899 



Kinquan 

(Provincial Govt.) 
Boyd & Co.: 

New (timher) 

Old (timber) 

S.C.Farnham&Co.: 

Low Dock 

Tonkadu 

Old 

Oriental ! 



JFiet. 
375 



470 
245 



350 
400 



325 



450 
238 

336 
325 
400 

526 



Feet. 
79 



Feet. 
19 



21 
12 

10 
16i 
19 

^23to24 



Ningpo, China 

Wenchow, China . 
Foochow, China. . 



Amoy, China . 



1899 

1897 

1895 
1898 



Non3 

None 

Govt 

Jaidlne, Matthiesson & Co. 

Patent Slip (2,000 tons.) . . . 

(Govt.) 



480 



New Amoy Dock Co. 



(Cradle) 



23i 



IGi 



17i 



14} 



ISi 



14i 



FACILITIES OF THE POETS OF THE WORLD. 

thefoUomng Adatic Station ports — Continued. 



249 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities tor repairs 

to steamers. 



Date. 



Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 



Shafts : Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can be made. 



Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 



Castings : 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 



Eemarks. 



Chinese Govt. Arse- 
nal and Dockyard 
(Kiaugnan) . 

Boyd&Co 



1898 



Farnham, S. C&Co, 



Large. 
Large. 
Large. 



Forge 14 in. 

turn any 

size. 
Forge 10 in.; 

turn any 

size. 
Hin.diam. 

35 ft. long. 



Any size. . 
Any size.. 
Any size.. 



20 tons. 
20 tons. 
12 tons. 



Shanghai Engineer- 
ing and Shipbuild- 
ing Co. 

None 



Large, of 
allMnds. 



20in.diam., 
70 ft. long. 



Any size. 



None 

Chinese Govt. Dock- 
yard. 



1897 
1898 



Large. 



18in.diam., 
85 ft. long, 
forged and 
turned. 



New Amoy Dock Co. 



1899 



Small re- 
pairs. 



Small. 



Medium . 



3 tons. 



The entrance of 
Boyd's New Dock 
is oblique to the 
trend of the river, 
and vessels have no 
difficulty in enter- 
ing or leaving on a 
moderate flood. 
Two steamers, 260 
and 240 ft. long, 36 
and 32 ft. beam, 
respectively, have 
been docked to- 
gether. 

There is a Patent Slip 
for launches and 
torpedo boats at 
Old Dock. 

Largest vessels 
docked: In Old 
Dock, 365 by 41i ft., 
draught 17 ft.; in 
Tunkadu Dock, 285 
by 65 ft. 

The Low Dock is to 
be enlarged to the 
following dimen- 
sions: 750 ft. long, 
85 ft. breadth of en- 
trance, and 26 ft. 
depth on sill. 

The Oriental Dock 
can take a vessel of 
12,000 tons. 

Can do heaviest de- 
scription of work. 



40-ton sheers at dock- 
yard jetty; Patent 
Slip at dockyard 
lifte vessels side- 
wise. Dockyard 
purely for building 
and repairing. All 
modern appliances 
for repairs. 

Messrs. Jardine, Mat- 
thlesson & Co.'s 
Dock has not been 
used for many years 
and is falling into 

The Govt. Dock is 
badly placed, across 
wind and tide, and 
is said to be leaky 



The Amoy Dock Co. 
own 3 granite-built 
dry docks, and sup- 
plies of everything 
necessary for the re- 
pair and outfit of 
wood and iron ves- 
sels, engines, etc., 
can be obtained 
from Hongkong in 
2 days. Largest ves- 
sel docked, 2,097 
tons, 295 ft. long, 39i 
ft. beam, 16 ft. 
draught. Dock can 
take a vessel 330 ft. 
between perpendic- 
ulars. 



•250 



COALING, DOCKING, AND KEPAIRING 

Paiiiciilars ( if docking nnri irpoiriii;/ /(icililiii of 



Name of port. 



Swatow. China . . . 
Keelung, Formosa 
Tamsui, Formosa . 

Hongkong. China . 



1899 
1899 



1898 
1898 



1898 



1898 
1898 



Docks, etc. 

(£asin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



None . 
None - 
None . 



Admiralty <gramte) : 

No.l 

No. 2 

No.3 

Cosmopolitan (granite) 

Aberdeen Docks (granite) i 

Hope 

Lamont 

Patent Slip 



^"«"'- Width 

j I aten- 

Over I Over i trance, 
all. I blocks. 



Depth Rise of tide. 
I on sill, 

: u.w. 

ordin'y 
springs. 



Sp'gs.iNeaps 



Feet. 



Feet. 



1 I 

560 i 530 I 85 ' 29 

371 ; 371 I 74 18 

aw ' 264 I 49 14 

460 429 841 | 20 



Patent Slip . 



433 . 396 ; 

340 ; 333 

' 236 

(cradle) 



200 
(cradle) 



Whampoa, China. ISSS I Chinese Govt.: 

I Cooper (granite) . 



Hood Tsoon (granite) . . 



500 (in 
2 sec- 
tions) 
:S56 



Canton, China 1899 



Saigon, 

Cochin China. 



None 



French Govt. Dry Dock 

Small dock in two sections. 



498.' 
196. ! 



84 

64 

39 

(cradle) 



(cradle) 



23 
16 

I 164 

( 10 

\ 14J 



rto8 



62.7 il 

:i2.6 ,( 

2.^. I 



FACILITIES OF THE FORTS OF THE WORLD. 

the Jollow'mg A.iialic Station ports — Continued. 



251 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc , having 

facilities lor repairs 

to steamers. 



None 
None 



H. B. M. Doclcyard .. 
Hongkong and 
Whampoa Doclc Co. 
FenwicK, Geo. , & Co . 
Gordon,A.G.,&Co.. 



Chinese Govt. Docli- 
yard (purchased 
from Hongliong 
and Whampoa 
Dock Co.) . 



NgaiSun. 
QuanWo. 



French Govt. Dock- 
yard. 



Date. 



1898 
1898 



1890 
1890 



1891 



Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 



Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can be made. 



Small. 



Large. 
Large. 



Machinery. 
Machinery. 



Small. 



Ordinary 
repairs. 

Ordinary 
repairs. 



Large. 



10 in. diam 

16in. diam., 

30 ft. long. 



Turn 16 in. 
diam., 22 
ft. long. 

Turn 8 in. 
diam., 10 
ft. long. 



Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 



Castings: 
Weight 

of largest 
that can 

be made. 



Any size . 
Any size . 



16 in. 
12 in. 



2 tons 

30 tons. 



i ton. 



Remarks. 



20-lon sheers. 

Hongkong and 
Whampoa Dock 
Co.'sworkshops pos- 
sess every appliance 
and facility fo: uoth 
the construction 
and repair of ships 
or machinery. 

75-ton sheers at Kow- 
loon Docks; 20-ton 
sheers at Cosmopol- 
itan Dock; 40-ton 
sheers at Aberdeen 
Docks. 

At Hongkong the 
highest tides occur 
at night during the 
northeast monsoon, 
and in the daytime 
during the south- 
west monsoon. 

The Admiralty Dock 
will take H.M.S. 
Powerful and Terri- 
ble. 

The Cosmopolitan 
Dock is in two sec- 
tions, 210 and 230 ft. 
long, respectively, 
the breadth of the 
inner entrance 
being 65 ft. 

50-ton sheers at the 
Cooper Dock. 

The Chinese Govt, has 
purchased the docks 
at Whampoa, and 
they are only avail- 
able for vessels of 
that nation. These 
docks are situated 
on the northwest- 
ern side of Danes 
Island. 



1 floating derrick, 125 
tons; 1 of 50 tons. 
There is a basin 240 
ft. long by 78 ft. 
broad, in which 
gunboats and other 
vessels drawing not 
more than 13 ft. H 
in. can Be repaired; 
larger vessels can 
enter the Floating 
Dock. The French 
Govt, has large ma- 
chine shops capable 
of doing the heavi- 
est work. 



252 



Nnmeof port. 



SlllJJOU, 

Cochin China — 
Continued. 



Haitong, China. . . 



Bangl:ok, Siam . 



Manila 

and Cavite, 

Luzon, 
Philippine Ids. 



Snbig, 

Philippine Ids. 



Cebu,Cebu Id., 
Philippine Ids. 



Santiago, Ponapi, 
Caroline Ids. 



Victoria, 

Labuan Id., 

B.E.I. 



Kuehing, 

Sarawak, 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Parlindars of dovkhuj and repmri-ng facUUhv of 

Rise of tide. 
. Neap^ 



1897 
1897 



1899 



1887 



1899 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



Patent Slip (400 tons) . 



Govt, (timber) 

Bangkok Dry Dock Co.: 

No.l 

No.2 



CaJlafao Patent Slip (2,000 
tons, hydraulic) . 
(Manila Slipway Co.) 
Govt. Patent Slip (800 tons) . 



Floating Dock (building) . . . 



None . 



Length. 



Over 
all. 



Feci. 



800 
130 



196J 



Over 
blocks. 



Feet. 



130 
(cradle) 

300 

270 
120 



270 
(cradle) 



None . 



None . 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 

on sill, 

H.W. 

ordin'y 

springs. 



Fed. 



(cradle) 



117 



Sp'gs. 



Feet. 



10 



12i 
10 



8i; i8i 



11 



5i 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WOULD. 

the following Asiatic Station ports — Continued. 



253 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 



Cie Message ties 
Fleurales. 



Siamese Govt. Dock- 
yard. 

Bangkok Dock Co . . 



Dockyard (Cavite). 



Varadero de Manila, 

(Manila Slipway 

Co., Canapao) . 



None. 



None. 



Date. 



1898 



1898 
1898 



1887 
1888 



1887 



1887 



Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 



Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can be made 



Large. 



Small.. 
Large. 



All ordi- 
nary re- 
pairs. 

All ordi- 
nary re- 
pairs. 



Turn 6 in. 
diam., 38 
ft. long. 

9 in. diam., 
28 ft. long. 



No heavy 
forging. 



Kpes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 



8 in. 
12 in. 



Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 



2 tons... 



Remarks. 



The shop of the Cie 
Messageries Fleu- 
rales IS of consider- 
able size, and can 
undertake any re- 
pairs that are likely 
to be required. 



Well supplied with 
lathes, boring, 
punching, shearing, 
plate-bending ma- 
chines, rivet and 
bolt machine, and 
several other ma- 
chines necessary for 
repairing steamera 
up to 1,200 tons. 
Launches' engines 
and boilers, made at 
the works, always 
on hand. 



Dockyard contains all 
requisites for repairs 
of every kind need- 
ed either by steam- 
ers or sailing ves- 
sels, whether of 
wood or iron, and 
has all the most 
modern and com- 
plete appliances. 



The floating dock is 
to have 6 pontoons, 
and is to be capable 
of lifting vessels of 
12,000 tons, if not 
exceeding 300 ft. in 
length; but vessels 
500 ft. long, of less 
tonnage, can be 
lifted. This dock 
has been construct- 
ed at Newcastle-on- 
Tyne. It may be 
sent to Spain and 
not to the Philip- 
pines (Apr., 1899) . 



I5i 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIBING 

Particnlars of docking und repairing fncilUiiii of 



Name of port. 



I Docks, etc. 

Date. ^Basin dry docks, unless 
otherwise stated.) 



Surabava, Java Govt.; 

isss (a) Iron, floating(4,800 

I tons.) 

1898 (b) Iron, floatlng( 3,000 

tons.) 
1 «w (c) Floating (1,350 tons) . 



I 



1898 Dry Dock 

(R. Kaliemaas.) 

Three Pontoons 

1S9S 1 Patent Slip (700 tons) , 



Length. 


Width 
at en- 
trance. 


Depth 
on sill. 

H.W. 
ordin'y 
springs. 


Over 
all. 


Over 
blocks. 


Fill. 

295 
196 
190 


Feel. 


Feel. ; Feel. 
(-.2 224 
67 ' 204 
59 16 
30 ; ^ 







Rise of tide. 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



ItoB 



Samarang, Java .. 1899 None 



Batavia, Java ! 1898 TanjongPriok Maatschapp 324 



.] iOWO 



Singapore. Straits 
Settlements. 



1898 
1898 

1898 
1898 
1899 

1898 

1898 

18^1S 



Floating (4,000 tons). 



Taniong I^tgar Dock Co.: 

Victoria (granite) , . . 

Albert (concrete) 

New Harbor Dock Co.: 

No. 1 (granite) 

No. 2 (clay) 

No. 3 (building) 

Patent Slips: 

No. 1 (361 tons) 



No. 2 (82 tons) . 



Patent Slip: 

(Colonial Govt.) 



467 
478 

459 
420 ' 
.•iOO 



452 
471 



444 
416 



65 
(!0 

1)5 
■124 
60 



175 :!(i |- 

(cradle) (crudle) \ 
8li 26 .. 

' (prrtdle) (cradle) 

60 

(cradle) 



20 
21 

19 
144 
20 



FACILITIES OF THE POETS OF THE WORLD. 

tliefoUow'mg Asiatic SlMion ports — Continued. 



255 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 
of repairs, 
large or 
small. • 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can be made. 


Pipes; Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 


Remarks. 


Netherlands Govt. 
Dockyard. 


1898 


Large 








At the dockyard the 










boiler and engine 
shops are capable of 


























executing the 














largest repairs. 


Nederlandsch I n - 


1898 


Large 


Turn 48 in.. 


Any size 


20 tons. . . 


This company are 


dische Industrie 






diam,, 20 






' boiler makers, and 


Co. 






ft. long. 






possess a small 
steam hammer and 
a small dry dock. 


Younge&Gill 


1898 


Large 


Turn 15 in. 
diam. 


Any size 


20 tons... 


Younge & Gill are 
boiler makers, and 
have 2 heavy steam 
hammers. 


Deacon & Co 


1898 


Large 




Any size 


20 tons... 


Deacon & Co. have a 












large lathe, and. 














could supply port- 














able pumps, boiler 














and gear lor raising 














ships. 


Volbardlng Co 


1898 


Large 


Turn 15 in. 
diam. 


Any size 


20 tons... 


Volbardlng Co. have 
riveting machines, 












heavy steam ham- 


. 












mers, and forging 














furnace, and under- 














take a large amount 














of marine engineer- 














ing work. Propel- 














lers ofSft.diam. and 














blades 6 ft. in length 














have been cast. 


Harris & Co 


.1898 


Large 


6 in. diam., 


12 in 


20 tons 


There are several 






20 ft. long. 






private firms for 














constructing ma- 














chinery. 


Tanjong Prick Co... 


1898 


Large 


Forge 8 in. 
d iam. ; 
turn 30 ft. 
long. 


18 in 


10 tons... 


30-ton crane; cranes 
on Rwy. cars, 3 to 5 
tons, along quay, 
80-ton sheers belong 
to Govt. 

Largest vessel docked 
in Tanjong Priok 
Co.'s dock. 3,607 


























tons, 360 ft. long, 43 














ft. beam. 


Netherlands Govt. . . 


1898 










25-ton crane. 


Tanjong Pagar 


1898 


Large, of 
alliinds. 




Any size 


12 1 n s. 


40-ton sheers, 65 ft 


Dock Co. 








iron; 


high; warp out 30 












5 tons 


ft.; 28 it. alongside 












brass. 


at L. W. Spare 
shalts are kept in 
.stock in sizes up to 
12 in. diam., 26 ft. 
long. 
45-ton sheers, 85 ft. 


New Harbor Dock 


1898 


Large, of 
allkinds. 


12 in. diam.. 


Any size 


14 tons... 


Co. 




we 1 d e d ; 






high; warp out 24 








any diam., 






It.; 24 it. alongside 








turned. 






at L, W. New Har- 


Howarth, Erskine & 


1898 


Machinery; 


Tin. diam.. 


Any size 


10 tons. 


bor Dock Co. own 2 


Co. 




large. 


welded; 14 
in. diam., 
turned. 






dry docks at Yeloh 
Blangar, New Har- 
bor. 



256 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIKING 

Particulars of docking and repairing facilities of 



Name of port. 



Date. 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



Length. 



Over Over, 
all. blocks. 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 
on sill, 
H.W. 
ordin'y 
springs. 



Rise of tide. 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



Singapore, Straits 
Settlements — 
Continued. 



Feet. 



Feet. 



Feet. 



Penang, Straits 
Settlements. 



Port Weld, 

Thalpeng Pe- 
rak, Malay. 



Acheen 
and Olehleh, 
Sumatra. 



Padang, Sumatra. 

Port Blair, 

Andaman Ids. 



Monlmein, 
British Burmah. 



Eangroon, 
British Burmah. 



Bassein, 
British Burmah. 



1898 
1898 



1899 
1887 



1891 
1899 



1899 



Prye River Dock Co. (Prov- 
ince Wellesley) : 
Dry dock (clay. Wood 
facings, cement 
floor) . 
Patent Slip (200 f»ns) . . . , 



None 

(One projected at Salang 
Bay, 20 miles distant.) 



None - 
None - 



Gridiron (300 tons) 

(9 miles below city.) 
Patent Slip (for vessels 100 
ft. long). 



Irrawaddy Flotilla Co.: 

Dalla Gridiron 

Patent Slip (200 tons) 



None . 



343 
200 



80 
(cradle) 



230 

180 

(cradle) 



46 



45 

45 

(cradle) 



Mi 



15 



14 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 

ihe following Asiatic Station ports — Continued. 



257 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 

length of 
largest that 
can be made 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 


Remarks. 


Lyon, J. M., &Co... 


1898 


Hulls, en- 
gines.and 
boilers; 
small. 


6 in. diam., 
forged; 18 
in. diam., 
24 ft. long, 
turned. 


Any size 


1 ton. 


New Harbor Dock No. 
1 is constructed of 
granite throughout, 
and is capable of sus; 
taining any weight- 


Riley, Hargreaves & 


1892 


All ordina- 


Id in. diam.. 


18 in 


8 tons. 


largest vessel dock- 


Co. 




ry repairs. 


turned; no 
forge. 






ed, 370 by 45 ft.: 
draught 18Ht. No. 2 


Tanjong Rhoo En- 
gine Works (Sin- 


1892 


Hulls, en- 


4 in. diam., 


Kin 


10 tons 


Dock is partly of 




Bine8,and 
boile r s ; 


forged; 8 




iron ; 


granite and partly 


gapore Slipway 




in. diam.. 




1 ton 


of native stone, with 


and Eng'g Co.) 




small. 


turned. 




brass. 


a wood floor; largest 


Victoria Engine 


1892 


Machinery. 








vessel docked, 287 


Works. 












by 36 It,; draught 14 J 


Campbell, Heard & 


1898 


Large 


Forge 4 in.; 


14in 


10 tons 


ft. Largest vessel 


Co. 






turn 8 in. 




iron; 
1 ton 
brass. 


docked in Victoria 
and Albert Docks, 
452 by 48 ft.; draught 
19Jft. 


Penang Foundry Co. 


1898 


Large 


Forge 9 in. 
diam., any 
length; 
turn any 
diam., 22 


15 in 


4 tons. 




Prye River Dock Co. 


1898 


Large 


ft. long. 








{Province Welles- 






Forge 9 m.; 


Any size 


6 tons 


26-ton sheers. 


ley). 






turn 12 in., 
25 ft. long. 






The Dutch Acheen 
fleet of gunboats ex- 
ecute their repairs at 
these works. 


Penang Foundry 
Co., at Thaipeng. 


1895 


Machinery 








Port Weld is a new 










port; has Rwy. to 
Thaipeng, 8 miles 


























distant, and to tin 














mines 




1898 










Small works at Oleh- 












leh and Kotta Ra- 














jah. 




1887 










One small shop. 


None 


1898 


Small 


Turn 10 in. 


12 in 


IJ tons. 








diam., 20 














ft. long. 








Bombay Trading Co. 

Findlay, Bodeker 
&Co. 


1894 


Small 


Sin. diam.. 


3in 


i CWt. 




1894 


Small 


15 ft. long. 
Turn 12 in. 




1 ton 


Coppersmith's work 
done. 






diam.; 12 












ft. long. 








Sal ween Steam Nav- 


1894 


Ordinary 


Forge 4 in.; 


12 in 


j ton. 




igation Co. 




repairs. 


turnlSin., 
20 ft. long. 








Irrawaddy Flotilla 


1891 


Hulls, en- 


14in.diam., 


18 in 


6 tons 


This establishment is 


Co. 




gine8,and 


30 ft. long 
forged and 






extensive, and the 






boilers; 






worn is essentially 






large. 


turned. 






that of building and 


Bulloch Bros. & Co . 


1891 


Machinery. 








repairing vessels of 
the river type, with 
their engines and 
boilers. 
Seagoing vessels also 
are built and repair- 
ed. 













12477- 



-17 



258 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Particulars of docking and repairing facilities of 



Name of port. 



Date. 



Docks, etc. 
(Ba^in dry docks, unless 
otherwise stated.) 



Length. 



Over Over 
all. blocks. 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 
on sill, 
H. W. 
ordin'y 
springs, 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



Rise of tide. 



Akyab, 
British Burmah. 



Chittagong,India. 



1898 



Calcutttv, India...! 1898 

! 1898 
' 1898 



1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 

1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 
1892 

1892 
1899 

1899 



Vizagapatam, 

India. 



Cocanada, India.. 



None. 



Feet. 



Feel. 



Feel. 



None . 



Calcutta (Port Commission- 
ers'). 

Caledonia 



Commercial . 



Hiigli 

B.I. S.N. Co.: 

Howrah, Upper. 

Howrah, Lower. 

Union, Upper 



Union, Lower. 

Kidderpur,Govt.: 

New Dock 



Port Commissioners' . 

Old Dock 

Dry Dock, I. Q. S. N. Co 

Dry Dock, I. G. S. N. Co 

Patent Slips (India G. S. N. 
Co.J: 
No.l 



No. 2. 
No. 3. 



Rivers Steam Navigation 

Co. 
Wet Dock , 



Basin. 



None . 



None . 



284 
310 

326i 
209 

347i 
368 
350 
538 
197 
600 
600 



2,600 
ae'gth) 

600 



230 
305 
305 
190 
337 
346 
330 
511 
180 



265 
(cradle) 

255 
(cradle) 

200 
(cradle) 

250 
(cradle) 

600 
(br'dth) 

680 



65 



* Denotes the average depth at high-water spring tides from June to October at Calcutta, 
t Denotes the average depth at high-water springs from October to June at Calcutta. 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 

the following Asiatic Skdion ports — Continued. 



259 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts; Di- 
ameter and 

length of 
largest that 
can be made. 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 


Remarks. 




1898 
1898 

1898 

1894 
1898 

1894 

1898 
1898 

1898 
1898 


Large 

B 1 1 e rs, 
small; ma- 
chinery, 
ordinary. 

Large 

Large 

Large 

Small 

Large 

Large 


Turn 12 in. 
diam., 14 
ft. long. 














The Assam Bengal 
Ewy. Co.'s works, 
about 4 miles from 
the port, are con- 
nected by Ewy., 
have some of the 
most modern ma- 
chinery, and could 
probably carry out 
important repairs to 




Forge 5 in.; 
turn 16 in. 
diam., 20 
ft. long. 

15 in. diam., 
25 ft. long. 

Forge 10 in. 
diam., 30 
ft. long; 
turn any 
diam. 

No forg e; 
turn 9 in. 
diam., 30 
ft. long. 

Forge 16 in. 

diam.: turn 

any size. 

Forge 8 in. 
diam., 20 
ft. long. 


Any size 

Any size 

10 in 

12 in 

Any size 

Any size 


6 tons 

40 tons... 
10 tons. 

2 tons. 

10 tons. 
6 tons. 


(Seebpore.) 


general repairs of 
their seagoing and 
tug steamers and 
makes a specialty of 
building steam 
launches. 

This firm has put a 
new end on a 16-in. 
shaft. 

The Calcutta Dock 
can be lengthened 
30Oft. The Caledo- 
nia Dock can be 
lengthened 150 ft. 
The Commercial 
Dock can be length- 
ened 40 ft. 


(Howrah.) 

King, John, & Co 

(Howrah.) 

Port Commissioners' 
Shops (Howrah) . 

Jesso & Co - 


Boyal Indian Marine 
Dockyard. 
(Kldderpur). 


Small repairs can be 
executed at the East 
Coast Kwy. work- 
shops. 

Small repairs and cast- 
ings can be executed 
by the Public Woiks 
Department at Dow- 
latshwaram, 32 
miles by canal from 
Cocaoada. 























■260 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIEING 

Particulars of docking and repairing facilities of 



Name of port. 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



Length. 



Over Over 
all. block.s. 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 
on sill, 

H.W. 
ordin'y 
springs. 



Rise of tide. 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



Madras, India . 



1S98 



None . 



liet. 



FeeL 



Pondicherry, 

India 

Nega pa tarn, India. 



Trincomalee, 

Ceylon. 



Point de Galle, 

Ceylon. 

Colombo, Ceylon . 



None . 
None- 



None . 



1S91 



1899 
1899 



None . 



Patent Slip 

Dry Dock (proposed) . 
Cofferdam 



Patent sup (1,000 tons, pro- 
posed). 



Diego Garcia, 1891 None 
Chagos Ids. 
I 

Beipur, India 1 Sii9 None . 



Calicut, India .... 1899 
Cochin, India 1899 



Mah^, India . 



None . 
None . 



150 
600 



FACILITIES OF THE PQRTS OF THE WORLD. 

the folloidng Adaiic Station ports — Continued. 



261 



Shipyards, machine 

" shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts; Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
canbemade. 


Pipes; Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 


Bemarks. 


Massey & Co 


1898 


Small 


8in.diam., 
20 ft. long. 


Small 


16 tons. 






1898 


Large 

Large 


12 in 






Department of Pub- 


1898 


12 ft. long. 
Forge 6 in. 


12in 


5 tons. 




lic Works. 






diam., 25 
ft. long; 
turn any 
size. 








Gun Carriage Fac- 


1898 


Large 


Forge up to 


Any size 


2 tons. 




toid. 






1 ton; turn 
12in.diam.. 
18 ft. long. 
None forged; 








Madras Rwy. Co .... 


1898 


Ordinary 


Any size 


6 tons 


The Madras Rwy. Co. 






boilers. 


turn 26 in. 
diam., 15 
ft. long. 






only deal, as a rule, 
with locomotives, 
but ordinary repairs 
to marine engines 
or boilers can be 
effected. 


French Govt. ArscT 
nal. 


1884 


Small. 


















SouthlndiaRwy.Co. 


1894 


Machinery; 
small. 


No forge... 


12 in 


2 tons 


Repairs can not be ex- 
ecuted in the foun- 
dries of the South 
Indian Rwy. Co. 


H.B.M. Dockyard .. 


1898 


Small 


4 in. diam., 


4 in 




10-ton sheers; 7 ft. 








4 ft. long. 






alongside at L. W.; 
dockyard in use as 
a supply depot. 




1898 
1898 


Small 






Small. 




Indian Govt. Shops . 


Machinery 






15-ton crane on Govt. 


(Works Dept. and 












Wharf. 


Ewy. Dept.) 
Colombo Iron Works. 












The plant of the Co- 


1898 


Any kind, 


9 in. diam.. 


12 in 


10 tons. 


lombo Iron Works is 






large. 


forged; 15 






exceptionally good, 
and work of 6 and 








in. diam.. 












27 ft. long. 






7 tons weight can be 








turned. 






turned out of hand 


Ceylon Engineering 


1895 


Ordinary 








with dispatch. 


works. 




repairs. 








Among the items in- 


(Hutson&Co.) 












dicative of the prac- 


Fairfield Iron Works 


1895 


Small re- 
pairs. 








tical capabilities of 
these works may be 
inentioned 2 stern 
tubes for vessels of 
3,500 and 4,000 tons. 
and a 60-in. piston 
for a P. & 0. vessel. 
In addition to the 
Colombo Ironworks 
there are two Govt, 
workshops, viz, the 
Works Department 
and the Rwy. 
Department. 




1898 










No facilities for re- 












pairs. 




1898 










No facilities for re- 












pairs. 


Brusstar & Sons 


1898 


Small 


Forge 8 in.; 


Sin 












turn 16 in. 














diam., 18 














ft. long. 























262 



COALING, DOCKIN0, AND REPAIRING 

Particular* of docHng and rqaairing facilities (/ 



Name of port. 



Date. 



Docks, etc, 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



Length. 



Over Over 
all. blocks. 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 
on sill, 

H.W. 
ordin' 
springs. 



^ Sp'gs. Neaps 



Rise of tide. 



Bombay, India . 



Kurraehee, India. 



1898 
1896 



Bushire, Persia . . 



1891 



Govt.- 

Lower Bombay 

Middle Bombay 

Upper Bombay , 

Lower Duncan , 

Upper Duncan 

New Torpedo 

P. and O. S. N Co : 

Old (Mazagon) 

Ritchie , 

B.I. S.N. Co.: 

Mogul, Lower 

Mogul, Upper 

Merewether (Port Trust) . . . 
Viegas Patent Slip (1,200 

tons) . 
Wet Docks: 

Sassoon Dock 

Govt., New Basin 

Princes Dock , 

Victoria Dock , 



Feel. 

256 

183 

2001 

316t 

302i 

160 

154 
495 

217 
196 



Feet. 

256 
183 
199 
316i 
287i 
154 



466 

\ 395 

500 
232 

(cradle) 

(L'gth) (B'dth) 

632 80 

(irregular) 

1,460 1,000 

1,270 1,000 



Feet. 

51| 
511 
45) 
60 
60 
25 



60 
47 
65i 



80 



Feet. 

16J 
16i 
141 
24 
24 
13t 

5 
18 

15t 
15t 
28i 



14J 11} 
(irregular) 



Dry Dock, Manora 

(Kurracnee Port Trust.) 
Dry Dock (building) 



32 



9i 5 
(irregular) 



None . 



FACILITIBS OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 

the following Asiatic Station ports — Continued. 



263 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can be made 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 


Remarks. 


Richardson & Crud- 


1898 


Large 


15 in. diam.. 


12 in 


20 tons... 


At Princes Dock there 


das. 






30 ft. long. 






are a 30 and a 5 ton 


Alcock, Ashdown & 


1898 


Large 


Forge 8 in.; 


24 in 


25 tons. 


crane, and at Vic- 


Co., Limited. 






turn 24 in. 
diam., 20 
ft. long. 






toria Dock a 20 and 
a 100 ton crane. 
Alcock, Ashdown & 


British India Steam 
Navigation Co., 


1898 


Small 




Any size. 




Co. can build or re- 






pair torpedo boats. 


Limited. 












Constantly doing 


Merewether Dock. . . 


1898 










extensive repairs 


(Port Trust.) 












for ships. 


Geo. Gahagan & Co. . 


1898 


Large 


Forge 8 in.; 




10 tons. 


The Lower and Middle 


turn 12 in. 




Bombay Docks can 








diam., 15 






be used as one dock. 








ft. long. 






The Upper Bombay 
Dock has been 


Gun Carriage Fac- 


1898 


Small 


Forge 8 in.; 
turn 24 in. 


6 in 


3 tons. 


tory. 










roofed in, and con- 








diam., 15 






verted into a tor- 








ft. long. 






pedo-boat dock. 


Royal Indian Ma- 


1898 


Large 


Forge 10 in.; 


22 in 


10 tons. 


The Duncan Docks 


rine Dockyard. 






turn any 
diam. or 
length. 






can be used as one 
dock; 625 ft. lOJ in. 
long on blocks, with 


P. and 0. Co 


1898 


Large 


Forge 8 in.; 
turn 66 in. 


Any size 


8 tons. 


caisson in outer 








groove. 








diam., 27 






The Mogul Docks are 








ft. long. 






used as one dock, 
and can take a ves- 
sel 350 ft. in length. 
There is only 14 ft. 
of water at high- 
water springs in the 
channel leading to 


























them. 














Dimensions and 














draught of largest 














vessels docked in 














Bombay to Apr.; 














1896: Bombay 














Docks: Length, 315 














ft.; draught, 14 ft. 10 














in. Duncan Dock; 














L,ength, 380 ft.; 














draught, 19? ft. 














Ritchie Dock: 6.187 














tons; length, 485 ft.; 














draught, 18 ft. Mo- 














gul Dock: Thisdock 














has taken a vessel 














of 4,074 tons, 390 ft. 














long, and 42 ft. 














beam. Merewether 














Dock- 7,558 tons; 














486 ft. by 54 ft. 3 in.; 














draught, 23 ft. 4 in. 
P. and . Co. can make 


























repairs of any de- 














scription to hull or 














machinery. Torpe- 














do boats could be 














built from designs. 


Mackenzie & Co 


1898 


Large 


lOin. diam., 
25 ft. long. 


Any size 


Stons 


It is proposed to con- 
struct a graving 


Port Engineers' 


1898 


r d inary 


Turn, 8 in. 


Any size. 




dock capable of ad- 


Workshop. 




machin- 


diam., 15 






mitting the largest 
class of vessels. 






ery. 


ft. long. 






T.Cosser&Co 


1898 


Large 


8 in. diam., 
18 ft. long, 
forged and 


Any size 


5 tons. 






















turned. 








Herman, B.H 


1891 


Machinery; 
small. 










;Markwick&Co 


1891 


Machinery; 
small. 










None........... -. 


1886 

























264 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Particulars of doching and repairing fncilities of 



Xixme of port. 



Bussorah, 
Asiatic Turkey. 



Muscat, Arabia . 
Aden, Arabia . . . 



Perim Island, 
Strait of 
Bab-el-Mandeb. 



Suakim, Egypt 

Jeddah, Arabia - . . 
Suez, Egypt 



1887 
1898 



1891 



1898 
1898 



1885 
1891 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



Mud Dock, small 

(Turkisli Govt.) 

Mud Dock, Margile 

(Euphrates-Tigris Steam 
NaTigation Co.) 



Floating (750 tons) . 
Patent Slip 



Patent Slip (70 tons) . 



None . . 
None .. 
Ismail . 



Length. 



Over Over 
all. blocks. 



Feet. 



150 



406 



Feet. 



150 

75 

(cradle) 



24 
(cradle) 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 
on sill, 
H. W. 
ordin'y 
springs. 



22 
(cradle) 



74 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



Feet. 
4 



28i 



Else of tide. 



64 to 
7» 



5i to 
6* 



Particulars of docking and repairing facilities 



Stroniness 


1898 
1891 


Cairston Pat. Slip (900 tons) . 




200 
(cradle) 

104 
(cradle) 


200 
(cradle) 


lOi 

9i 


10 


71 


Orkiiey Ids. 


(G. & P. Copland.) 
Ness Patent Slip (300 tons) . 






(Fred Stanger.) 








1898 
1898 


Gridiron (100 ft.) 


81 








10 


7i 


Scotland. 










Banff, Scotland... 


1898 


Morton's Patent Slip (210 
tons) . 




80 
(cradle) 


27 
(cradle) 


6t 


lOi 


8 


Peterhead 


1898 
1898 


New Dock 


190 
186 


174 
128 


85 
84 


14i 
11 


lU 


9i 




Old Dock 







FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WOKLD. 



265 



llie following Asiatic Station ports — Continued. 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. . 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
canbemade. 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 

of largest 
that can 

be made. 


Remarks. 


Turkish Govt. Dock- 
yard. 

Euphrates - T i g r i s 
(Blosse-Lynch) 
Steam Navigation 
Co. (Repair yard 
at Margile.) 


1898 
1887 

1886 
1898 

1898 
1898 
1898 

1885 


Small work 
only. 

Small work 
only. 


5 in. diam., 
6 ft. long, 
forged and 
turned. 


10 in 




Docking and repair- 
ing facilities of^this 
port are limited to 
the needs of the 
river steamers ply- 
ing to Bagdad. 
Dock can be deep- 
ened to 6 ft. 




Luke Thomas c& Co. . 
(Steamer Point.) 

P. and 0. Steam Navi- 
gation Co. 

Aden Coal Co 

PerimCoalCo....... 


Machinery; 
large. 

General 
repairs; 
small. 


Turn, 20 in. 
diam., 20 
ft.long; no 
facilities 
for heavy 
forging. 


12 in 

Any size. 


IJ tons... 

3cwt. 
2 tons. 


The repair pontoon 
can take in vessels 
up to 100 ft. in 
length. 






Engines 
and boil- 
ers; large 
repairs. 


26 in 


Any size 
















Egyptian Govt 

Khedivial Govt, ad- 
ministration. 


1898 
1898 


Large 

Small 


Forge, 4 in.; 
turn, 16 in. 
diam., 18 
ft. long. 


16 in 

6 in 


i ton, iron 
or brass. 


There are no riveting, 
rolling, or flanging 
machines. 

In case of pressure of 
work heavy cast- 
ings or machinery 
are obtained from 
Alexandria. 

A length of 406 ft. on 
blocks can be ob- 
tained, if necessary. 
Not more than 24ft. 
of water can be ob- 
tained in the chan- 
nel leading to the 
dock. 











of the following European ports. 





1891 










Wooden shipbuilding 
carried on. 


























Carnegie & Matthews 
Forbes & Bemle. 


1895 












1 
i 









266 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Particulars of doching and repairing facililies 



Name of port. 



Date, 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin drj; docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



Length. 



Over Over 
all. blocks. 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 
on sill, 

H.W. 
ordin'y 
springs. 



Rise of tide. 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



Aberdeen, 

Scotland. 



Montrose, 

Scotland. 



Arbroath, 

Scotland. 



Dundee, Scotland. 



Dysart, Scotland.. 



Kirkcaldy and 
Burntisland, 
Scotland. 



Methel, Scotland . 



Bo'ness, Scotland , 



Alloa and 
Grangemouth, 
Scotland. 



1898 
1898 



1898 



1898 



Granton, Scotland 



1898 
1898 



1898 
1898 
1898 



1898 



Graving Dock 

Patent Slip (1,000 tons) . . . 

(Duthie, Sons & Co.) 
Patent Slips (Hall & Co.) : 

No.l (800 tons) 



No. 2 (600 tons) 



Wet Dock, Victoria . 



Patent Slip (600 tons) 

(Montrose Pat. Slip Co.) 

Wet Dock 



Patent Slip (600 tons) . . . 

glarbor Trustees.) 
ook 



Old (West) 

New (East) 

Patent Slip (600 tons) . . . 

Wet Docks: 

William IV Dock... 

Earl Grey Dock 

Camperdown Dock , 
Victoria Dock 



Feet. 
524 
430 



380 
335 



(L'gth) 
2,850 



450 



450 
420 



278 
516 
546 

(L'gth) 

711 

640 

639 

1,299 



Patent Slip . 



Wet Dock. 



Ross Patent Slip (Inver- 
keithing, 10 miles dis- 
tant). 

Wet Dock (Kirkcaldy) 

Wet Docks (Burntisland) . . , 

New Dock (building) 



Wet Dock 

Wet Dock (new, building) . 



(L'gth) 
200 



200 

(L'gth) 
260 
640 
681 

(L'gth) 
600 



600 

130 

(cradle) 

66 

(cradle) 

141 

(cradle) 

(B'dth) 
525 



120 
(cradle) 
(B'dth) 

318 



160 

(cradle) 
258 



250 
600 
177 
(cradle) 
(B'dth) 
429 
420 
549 
381 



80 
(cradle) 
iB'dth^ 



(cradle) 

(B'dth) 

260 

600 

540 

(B'dth) 
851 



Feet. 
50 
25 
(cradle) 

45 
(cradle) 

42 
(cradle) 

[60 and 

1 70. 



82 
(cradle) 



55 



S8i 

(cradle) 

40 



39 
53 

44 
(cradle) 



(cradle) 



(cradle) 
31 



Feet. 
20 
7j 

m 

7 
13 

8 
12 

22 and 
26. 



/ 7i 
19 



{ 



Wet Dock. 



(L'gth) 
831 



Alloa Dry Dock. 



Wet Dock 

Grangemouth Dry Dock. . 
Wet Docks: 



Old Dock 

Junction Boain . 
New Dock 



Patent Slip (1,200 tons) . 
(Hawthorns & Co.) 



(B'dt^ 



206 

273 

(B'dth) 

147 tol 

300 / 

216 

406 

265 tol 

336 / 



236 
(cradle) 



40 
(cradle) 



14 

18i 
7i 
16i 

16 
17i 
21} 
21S 



{ 1? 



13i 
22t 



24 
» 20 

10 J; 15 



11 



14i 



lU 



9i 



ISi 



6i 



17t 
15 



16 



124 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 

of the following European ports — Continued. 



267 



Shipyards, machine 

shopSj etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can be made. 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 


Remarks. 




1891 
1891 
1891 
1891 


Machinery 
Machinery. 
Hulls only. 

Hulls and 
machinery. 

Hulls and 
machinery. 








50-ton sheers in Vic- 


Clyne, Mitchell* Co. 
Duthie, J., Sons & Co. 
Hall,A.,&Co 

Hall, Russell & Co. . 






toria Docks. 


Abernethy & Co 

(Ferryhill Foundry.) 

Abbot & Co 


1895 

1895 

1891 

1895 

1895 

1895 
1895 


Sheers to lift 70 tons. 


Hulls and 
machinery. 

Machinery 
Hulls 








and 10-ton cranes. 
Largest vessel 
docked, 3,616 tons, 
362 ft. long, 44 ft. 
beam. 

6-ton cranes 


(Newark Boiler Wks.) 










(Nott's Engine and 
Boiler WorJcs.) 

Dens Iron Works 

(A. Shanks & Son.) 

Dundee Shipbuilder's 

Co. 
Macfarlane, Mackan 

&Co. 
Gourlay Bros. & Co. . 
(Camperdown Ship- 
yard.) 
Thompson.W. B.,&Co 
(Caledon Shipyard.) 
White, J.H.,& Cooper 
(Britannic Engine 
Works.) 










Steam, hydraulic, and 


Machinery. 

Hulls and 
machinery. 

Hulls and 
machinery. 
Machinery 








hand cranes up to 
90 tons. 


Scott, John, &Co.... 


1891 


Hulls and 
machinery. 
















keithing wUl take 
vessels of 300 tons, 
150 ft. long. 






























Grangemouth Dock- 
yard Co. 




Hulls only. 








980 tons, 205 ft. long, 
draught 12 It. 








mouth Dock. Larg- 
est vessel docked, 
300 ft. long, 37i ft. 
beam,draugbtl2itt. 

















268 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Particulars of docking and repairing faeUUies 



Name of port. 



Date. 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



Length. 



Over Over 
all. blocks. 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth Rise of tide, 

on sill, 

H. W. 

ordin'y 

springs. 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



Lei th, Scotland.. 



Blyth,Kngland. 



Berwick, England 

North Shields, 

England. 



South Shields, 

England. 



1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 



1898 
1898 
1898 



1898 
1898 



Edinburgh 

Prince of WaJes 

Alexandra 

Menzies 

Menzies, Lower 

Commercial, East 

Sandport Street 

New Dock (proposed) 

Wet Docks: 

Albert Dock 

EdlnburgDock 

Victoria Dock 

East Old Dock 

West Old Dock 

New Dock (building) . 



Bljrth Dry Dock Ck).: 

No.l 

No. 2 

No. 3 

Blyth Shipbuilding Co.: 

No.l 

No. 2 

Floating 

(Harbor Commissioners'.) 



1899 
1898 



1898 
1898 
1898 



Wet Dock. 



Feet. 
300 
410 
■335 
174 
182 
266 
180 
600 
(L'gth) 

1,100 

1,500 
750 
750 
750 

1,100 



345 
285 
480 



335 
320 
122 



1898 



1898 



Low Dock 

H. S. Edwards & Sons: 

No. 4 

No.5 

Smith's Dock Co 

Smith's Dock Co. Pontoon: 

No.l 

No. 2 

Patent Slip (1,200 tons) 

(Edwards Bros.) 



Low Dock 

Stanhope (w. H.M oraiee)" ! 
Tyne Dock Engineering 
Co.: 

No.l 

No.2 

Middle Dock Co.: 

No.l 

No.2 

Readhead's Dock 



(L'gth) 
420 

182 

367 
348 
300 

336 
469 



127 
135i 



315 
280 

332 
SOO 
327 



Feet. 
300 
382 
325 
165 
174 
266 
150 



(B'd^ 

650 
300 
300 
300 
552 



340 
280 
475 



337 
307 
118 



(B'dth) 
340 

182 

365 
348 



Feet. 
40 
70 
48 



36 
30i 
70 



429 

202 

(cradle) 



125 
127 



300 
275 



329 
297 



52 
52 
60 

57i 
455 



34} 
40 



441 
46 

60 
44 
48 



Feet. 
19 
23 

20^ 
14 

12i 
16 
11 
23 

24i 
24t 
23i 
17i 
174 
304 



17i 

19 

22i 

204 
204 
94 



20 

154 

20 

224 

17 

18 
25 



18 
184 

18 
17 
22 



164 



12} 



11 



14} 



11(1 



14} 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WOKLD. 

of the following European ports — Continued. 



269 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc, having 

facihties for repairs 

to steamers. 



Date. 



Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 



Shafts; Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can he made. 



Kpes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can he 
brazed. 



Weight 
of largest 
that can 
he made. 



Remarks. 



Cran, John & Co 

Hawthorns & Co . . . 
Morton, S.H.,& Co. 
Ramage & Ferguson. 
Crown & Arthur . . 
Adam Man 



Blyth Shipbuilding 
Co. 



1891 
1891 
1891 
1891 
1895 
1895 



1891 



Hulls and 
machinery. 

Hulls and 
machinery. 

Hulls and 
machinery. 

Hulls and 
machinery. 

Hulls and 
machinery. 

Hulls. 



Hulls . 



Baird & Bamsley . 
Hepple & Co 



Smith's Dry Dock 
Co. 



Eltringham, Jos.T,, 

&Co. 
Northern Marine 

Engineering Co. 
Keadhead, John, & 

Sons. 
Kennoldson, J. P., & 

Sons. 



1891 
1891 



1891 
1891 
1891 
1891 



Machinery 
Hulls and 
machinery. 
Hulls only. 



Hulls only. 

Machinery. 

Hulls and 
machinery. 
Hulls and 
machinery. 



Crane power, Leith 
Docks, up to 80 tons. 

Docks equipped fully 
with sheds, steam 
and hydraulic 
cranes to 65 tons. 
Rwys. on all 
quays. Largest ves- 
sel docked in Prince 
of Wales Dock, 360 
ft. long, 44 ft. beam, 
tonnage, 3,432 tons. 
Largest vessel 
docked in Menzies 
Lower Dock, 714 
tons, 179 ft. long, 29} 
ft. beam, draught 
lift. 

50-ton sheers, Blyth 
Dry Dock Co. Larg- 
est vessels docked 
in Blyth Dry Dock 
Co.'s Docks: In No. 
1, 2,678 tons, 356 ft. 
long, 43 ft. 8 in. 
beam; in No. 2, 1,983 
tons, 281 ft. long, 37 
ft. Sin. beam. Blyth 
shipbuilding Co.'s 
Docks: Sections of 
entrances, rectan- 
gular. Largest ves- 
sels docked: In No. 
1, 345 ft. long, 45 ft. 
beam, draught 17 
ft. 6 in.; in No. 2, 
300 ft. long, 40 ft. 
beam. The Harbor 
Commissioners' 
Floating Dock is 
only used for 
barges, and is not 
fit for seagoing ves- 
sels. 



Largest vessel docked 
in Low Dock, 181 ft. 
long, draught 12 ft. 
6 in. 

Smith's Pontoon No. 1 
has a lifting power 
of 3,200 tons, and is 
in 24 compartments, 
any number of 
which can be used 
as required. 

Smith's Pontoon No. 2 
can lift 6,000 tons in 
half an hour. 

Largest vessel docked 
in Low Dock, 127 ft. 
long, draught lOi ft. 

Largest vessels docked 
inMiddleDockCo.'s 
Docks: InNo.l, 325 
ft. long, 42 ft. beam, 
draught 15 ft. In 
No. 2, 290 ft. long, 39 
ft. beam, draught 
14 ft. 6 in. 



270 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Particulars of docking and repairing facilities 



Name of port. 



Date. 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



Lengtti. 



Over 
all. 



Over 
blocks. 



Widtlt 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 
on sill, 
H.W. 
ordin'y 
springs. 



Rise of tide. 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



South Shields, 

England— 
Ck)ntinued. 



Newcajtle-on- 
Tyne, England. 
(Jarrow.) 
(Hebbum.) 
(Wallsend.) 



1898 



1898 
1898 



1898 



1898 
1898 



1898 
1898 



Moralee&Co.: 

Holbom Dock 

Tyne Floating 

High Docks (Edwards 
Sons): 

No.l 

No. 2 

No.3 '.. 

Floating Dock, Milldam. 

Patent Slip 

(Rennoldson & Sons.) 



Palmer's Shipbuilding Co . . 
Mercantile Dry Dock Co. 

No.l 

No.2 

Patent Slip (Palmer's) . . . 



fixt. 
2(X) 
135 



330 
305 



360 
360 



R, &. W. Hawthorn 

(Leslie & Co.) 
Wallsend Slipway and En- 
gineering Co.'s Dry Dock. 
Tyne Pontoons and Dry 

Docks Co.'s Dry Dock 

Dry Dock Pontoon: 

No.l 

No.2 

Patent Slips: 

No.l 



438 
553 

550 

260 
300 



320 
300 
420 
116 
150 
(cradle) 



411i 

350 
350 
240 
(cradle) 
424 

522 



feel., 
33i 
40 



m 

40 
451 



40 



Feet. 
13i 
12 



174 
15i 
22 
11 
6 
12 



536 



66 



74i 



No.2. 



Patent Slips: 
Tyne General Ferry Co. 

(200 tons) . 
High Slipway (500 tons) ., 

Low Slipway (1,000 tons) 

St. Laurence (250 tons) 

St. Anthony (200 tons) ... 



Willington — 
No.l (1,200 tons).. 

No. 2 (2,500 tons) . 



Wet Docks: 

Northumberland Dock. 
Albert Edward Dock. . . 

Tyne Dock 



a 3, 700 
al,300 



300 
(cradle) 

300 
(cradle) 

81 

(cradle) 

90 

(cradle) 

140 

(cradle) 

100 

(cradle) 

95 

(cradle) 

210 
(cradle) 

310 
(cradle) 

6651 
&900 

6720 



22 
(cradle) 



14i 

(cradle) 

24 

(cradle) 

33 
(cradle) 

41 
(cradle) 

52 

60 

[ 60 

70 



21 
25 

24 

18 
20 

13 
23 
13 
25 

8 
11 
7i 
9 
9 
12 
9 
12 
6 
8 

12 
26 
12 

26 

24 
30 

244 
32 

244 



164 



a Length. 



6 Breadth. 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 

0/ the following European ports — Continued. 



271 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 



Date. 



Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 



Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
canbemade. 



Pipes; Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 



Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 



Remarks. 



Abbott, John, & Co.. 
(Gateshead) . 

Armstrong, Sir W. 

G., Mitchell & Co. 

(Elswick and Low 

Walker.) 

Black, Hawthorn & 
Co. (Gateshead). 

Clark,T.,&Co 

(Elswick.) 

Clarke, Chapman & 
Co. (Gateshead). 

Dobson,Wm.,&Co.. 
(Low Walker.) 

Don kin & Nichol . . . 

Dunston Engine 
Works Co. 

Dunston - on -T y n e 
Shipbuilding Co. 

Edwards Shipbuild- 
ing Co. (Howden). 

Hawthorn, R. & W., 
Leslie & Co (Heb- 
burn, St. Peters, 
and Forth Banks) . 

Joicey,J.&G 

(Forth Banks.) 

North Eastern Ma- 
rine Engineering 
Co. (Wallsend). 



Plamer's Shipbuild- 
ing and Iron Co. 
(Jarrow.) 

Richardson (Wig- 
ham) & Co. 
(Low Walker.) 

Schlesinger, Davis 
&Co. (Wallsend). 

Scotswood Shipbdg. 
Co. (Scotswood). 

Scott, Ernest & 
Mountain. 
(Close Works.) 

Smith, John, & Sons. 

(Phcenix Foundry.) 

Spencer, John, & 
Sons (Newbum 
Steel Works) . 

Stephenson, Robt., 
&Co. (Hebbum). 

Swan,C. S., & Hun- 
ter (Wallsend) . 

Tyne Iron Shipbdg. 
Co. (Willington 
Quay). 

Tyne Pontoons and 

Dry Docks Co. 

(Wallsend.) 

Wallsend Slipway 
and Engineering 
Co. 

Wood, Skinner & Co. 
(Bill Quay.) 



1891 
1891 

1891 

1891 

1891 

1891 

1891 
1891 

1891 

1891 

1891 

1891 
1891 



1891 

1891 

1891 
1891 
1891 

1891 
1891 

1891 
1891 
1891 

1891 

1891 



Machinery 
Hulls 



Machinery. 

Machinery. 

Machinery. 

Hulls only. 

Machinery. 
Machinery. 

Hulls only. 

Hulls only. 

Hulls and 
machinery. 

Machinery. 
Machinery. 



Hulls and 
machinery. 

Hulls and 
machinery. 

Hulls only. 

Hulls only. 

Machinery. 

Machinery. 

Heavy forg- 
ings. 

Hulls and 
machinery. 
Hulls only. 

Hulls only. 

General 
repairs. 

Machinery 
built; hulls 
repaired. 
Hulls only. 



Largest vessel docked 
in Readhead's Dock, 
3,123 tons, 321 ft. 
long, 42 ft. beam, 
draught 21 ft. The 
dock nas a well 14 ft. 
deep for unshipping 
rudders. 

Largest vessel docked 
in Holborn Dock, 
195 ft. long, draught 
13i ft. 



100-ton crane. 

Wallsend Slipway 
and Engineering 
Co. Blocks can be 
lowered to level of 
sill. Largest ship 
docked, 8,600 tons, 
480 ft. long, 57 ft. 
beam. 

Patent slips, lifting 
power2,000 tons each, 

The pontoons have 
lifting powers of 
2,000 and 3,000 tons, 
respectively. 

On both banks of the 
Tyne are numerous 
slipways which 
will receive vessels 
of from 200 to 3,000 
tons; there are also 
several gridirons. 

Largest vessel docked 
in Tyne Pontoons 
and Dry Dock Co.'s 
dry dock, Chilean 
cruiser O'Higgins, 
8,600 tons, 412 ft. 
long, 63 ft. beam, 
draught 23 ft. 

100-ton sheers. 



)-ton sheers. 



272 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Particulars of docking and repairing facililifs 



Name of port. 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



Length. 



Over 
all. 



Over 
blocks. 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 
on sill, 

H.W. 
ordin'y 
springs. 



Sp'gs. Neap^ 



Rise of tide 



Sunderland, 

Bngland. 



1898 
1898 



Seaham, England. 



Hartlepool and 
West Hartlepool, 
England. 



1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 



Middlesboro, 

Bngland. 



1898 



Commissioners: 

No.l 

No.2 

No. 3 (proposed) 

Wear 

Bridge 

Deptrord 

Ctomhill 

Patent Slips: 

Strand (1,200 tons) 

Hylton (500 tons) 

Londonderry Patent Slip. - - 
(Seaham, 6 miles distant.) 

Londonderry Gridiron 

(Seaham.) 
Wet Docks: 

North Dock 

South Docks — 

North Half-Tide Ba- 
sin. 
Hudson Dock, North 
Hudson Dock, South 

Hendon Dock . . . 



442 
356 
700 
320 
326 
320 
420 

600 

330 

180 

190 

(L'gth) 
549 



420 

2,800 

800 



Peel. 



434 
351 



304 
315 
320 
410 

230 
(cradle) 

150 

(cradle) 

78 

(cradle) 



Londonderry Slip . 

Gridiron attached . 

Wet Docks: 

North Dock ... 

South Dock 

Light Harbor. . 



Jackson 

Swainson 

West Harbor 

Central 

Middleton 

Gridiron 

Gridiron 

Wet Docks: 

Victoria Dock . 

Central Dock . . 

Union Dock . . . 

Coal Dock 

South Basin . . . 

Jackson Dock . 



190 

(L'gth) 
526 
400 
620 



360 
315 
570 



(B'dth) 

495 

(mean) 

258 
420 
600 



78 
(cradle) 



180 

120 

(L'gth) 

1,935 

980 
1,420 

800 



(B'dth) 
225 
255 
220 

375 
325 
306 
570 
357 



(B'dth) 
480 
660 
330 
420 



Swainson Dock . 
Timber Dock... 



Tees Conservancy Commis- 
sioners. 
Patent Slip 



Hydraulic Slip (Sir E. Dixon 

& Co.) (2,000 tons). 
Patent Slip (Harkness & 

Son) (750 tons) . 
Patent Slip (K. Craggs & 

Sons) . 

Wet Dock 



858 
\ 580 

576 

310 

400 

400 

500 

(L'gth) 
1,200 



500 
450 

556 

111 
(cradle) 

258 
(cradle) 

•220 
(cradle) 

230 

(cradle) 

(B'dth) 

645 to 

1,100 



Feet. 

SOi 
57 
80 
45 
48 
45 
43 

40 
(cradle) 

42 
(cradle) 



50 



22i 

(cradle) 

40 



60 
50 
47 
50 
48 
60 
60 

42 
60 
60 
40} 
60 
50 
60 



!J0 

18 
(cradle) 

44 
(cradle) 

44 
(cradle) 

44 
(cradle) 

\ 60 



Feet. 



19i 
16i 



15i 
135 
15 
16 



14 

d, 9; 

aft, 10. 



28 
254 

27 
234 
264 



204 
26 
204 
204 
214 

|- 204 
204 

154 

4 

(for'd) 

13J 

(for'd) 

12 

(for'd) 

12 

(for'd) 

( 28 
I 24 



144 



144 



104 



lU 



121 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 

o/ Ilia follovAng European ports — Continued. 



273 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
canoe made. 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 


Remarks. 


Allan, W.,&Co 

(Scotia Engine 


1891 


Machinery 








60-ton sheers at No. 2 








dock. 


Works.) 












60-ton crane at 


Austin, 8. P., & Son.. 


•1891 


Hulls only. 








Palmer's Hill En- 


Bartram, Haswell & 


1891 


Hulls only. 








gine Works. 


Co. 












Largest vessels 


Blumer, J.,&Co 


1891 


Hulls only. 








docked: No. 1 Dock, 


Clark, George 


1891 


Machinery. 








5,191 tons, 410 ft. by 


(Southwick Engine 












48 ft., draught 17 ft. 


Works.) 












6 in.; No. 2 Dock, 


Dickinson, John 


1891 


Machinery. 








3,268 tons, 3:36 ft. by 


(Palmer's Hill En- 












42 tt.,draughtl3tt.; 


gine Works.) 












Wear Dock, 301 ft. 


Doxford, Wm., & 


1891 


Hulls and 








by 40 ft., draught 12 


Sons. 




machinery. 








ft. 3 in.; Bridge 


Lai ng, James 

North Eastern Ma- 


1891 


Hulls only, 








Dock, 306 ft. by 40 


1891 


Machinery. 








ft., draught 13 ft. 6 


rine Eng'g Co. 












in. 


Osbourne, Graham 


1891 


Hulls only. 










&Co. 














I'iekersgill, Wm., & 


1891 


Hulls only. 










Sons. 














Pier Engine Works. . 


1891 


Machinery. 










Priestman, J.,&Co.. 


1891 


Hulls only. 










Short Bros 


1891 


Hulls only. 










Strand Slipway Co.. 
Sunderland Ship- 


1891 


Hulls only. 










1891 


Hulls only. 










building Co. 














Thompson, Joseph 


1891 


Hullsonly. 










L.,&Sons. 














Thompson, Robert, 


1891 


Hulls only. 










& Sons. 














Wigham.John 


1891 


Machinery. 










Furness, Withy & Co. 


1892 


Hulls only 








All the dry docks are 


(West Hartlepool.) 












at West Hartlepool, 
and are owned by 


Gray,W.,& (JO. (Cen- 
tral Marine Engi- 


1891 


Hulls and 










machinery; 








the North Eastern 


neering Works, 
West Hartlepool). 




heavy forg- 








Rwy. Co. ; 60-ton 




ings. 








sheers at No. 4 Dry 


Irvine & Co 


1891 


Hullsonly. 








Dock; 80-ton and 40- 


(West Hartlepool). 
Richardson, T., & 












ton sheers in docks. 


1891 


Machinery. 








Largest vessel docked 


Sons (Hartlepool) . 












in Central Dock, ;392 
ft. long, 48 ft. beam, 
18 ft. draught. 














Blair & Co 


1891 


Machinery 








60-ton sheers, Middles- 
boro Docks, owned 


(Stockton.) 












Craggs, R.,&Son8... 


1891 


Hullsonly. 








by North Eastern 


Craig, Taylor & Co. . 


1891 


Hullsonly. 








Rwy. Co. 


(Stockton.) 












40-ton sheers at Hy- 


Darlington Forge Co. 


1891 


Heavy forg- 








draulic Slip. 


(Darlington.) 




ings. 
Hulls only. 








Largest vessel docked. 


Dixon (Raylton) & 


1891 








4,641 tons, 375 ft. 


Co. 












long, 46i ft. beam. 


Harkne8B,W.,&Son. 


1891 


Hulls only. 








12 It. draught. 


Richardson, Duck & 
Co. (Stockton) . 

Ropner&Son 

(Stockton.) 
Westearth, English 


1891 


Hulls only. 










1891 


Hulls only. 










1891 


Machinery. 











12477- 



-18 



274 



COALING, DOCKING, ANB REPAIRING 

Particulars of docking mid repairing facililies 



Name of port. 



Date. 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



Whitbv, England.; ISSS 
1898 



Hull, England 



1S98 
189S 
1898 
1898 
1S9S 
1S9S 
1898 
1898 



1898 
1S9S 



1S98 

INIS 



Goole, England. 



Boghall 

Whitehall 

Whitby & Robin Hood' 
BavDockCo.: 

No.l 

No. 2 



Central 

The Grove 

Alexandra, No.l 

Alexandra, No. 2 

North Eastern Rwv.Co 

High Street 

Sanderson's 

Union 

Hunt <& Fowler's 

Crown 

Pstent Slips: 
Earle's Snij) Building and 
Engineering Go's.— 
No. 1 (1.600 tons) . . . 

Xo.J (1,800 tons)... 

No. 3 (-2,000 tons)... 

Xo. 4 (3,000 tons)... 

No. 5 (4,000 tons)... 

No.O (4,000 tons)... 

Humber Iron Works (1,500 

tons) . 
North Eastern Ewv.: 

No.l (400tons) 



Xo. i (400 tons) . 
No. 3 (400 tons). 
No. 4 (100 tons). 



Wot Docks: 

Alexandra Dock 

Victoria Dock 

Victoria H. 'T. Biisin 

Victoria Timber Ponds . 
Victoria Drypool Basin. 
:k 



Humber Doc. 
Prince's Dock 

Queen's Dock 

Railway Dock 

.-Vlbert or West Dock. 



William Wright Dock . 
St. Andrews Dock 



Dry Dock , 

Patent Slip (200 tons) 



Wot Docks: 

Harbor Dock . 
Barge Dock... 



Length. 



Over Over 
blocks. 



Feci. 
130 
200 



110 

lOfi 



342 
ItJSJ 
608 
558 
501 
150 
170 
216 
120 



750 
700 
750 
800 
360 
360 



(L'gth 

2,300 

■J, 100 

830 



912 



1,700 
720 



1,890 
1,890 



•241 
180 

(L'gth) 
260 
870 



reeL 

1-20 
190 



330 



500 
550 
460 
140 
170 
214 
120 
104 



270 
(cradle) 

•260 
(cradle) 

300 
(cradle) 

330 
(cradle) 

140 
(cradle) 

140 
(cradle) 



Width 
nt en- 
trance. 



fid. 
32 
36i 



SU 
31 



-'93 1 
le) r 



(cradle) 

175 
(cradle) 

175 
(cradle) 

175 

(cradle) 

66 

(cradle) 

(B'dth) 

1,000 

378 

S45 



150 
34'2 



•246 

165 
800 
(aver- 
age) 
2'20 
250 



•236i 

73 

(cradle) 

(B'dth) 

210 

loO 



47i 
36 
60 
65 
50 
38 
3Si 
4Si 



40 



42i 

18 

(cradle) 

I 32J 

I '22 

36 



Depth 
on sill, 

H.W. 
ordin'y 
springs. 



PeeL 
9i 
9J 



20 
12 
19 
214 
21 
14 
15 
14 
12 
10 



8i 

17} 

7t 

17 

84 

IS 

84 

184 

10» 

16} 

10} 

16J 



324 
26J 
27S 



•-"•■ii 
•20j 

20J 

20S 

26! 
2S| 



•28} 
■29J 



12 
54 
104 

194 

184 
18 



Rise of tide. 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



20} 



Ut 



FACILITIES OF THE POBTS OF THE WOKLD. 

of the following European ports — Continued. 



275 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can be made. 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed 


Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 


Remarks. 


TurnbuU, Thos., & 
Son. 

Whitby & Robin 
Hood's Bay Ship- 
building and Gra- 
ving Dock Co. 


1891 
1891 


Hullsonly. 
Hulls only. 
















docked are: In 
Boghall Dock, 120 
ft. long, draught 7 
ft.; in Whitehall 
Dock, 200 ft. long, 
draught 10 ft., and 
in Whitby & Robin 
Hood's Bay Docks, 
350 tons. The latter 
docks are a double 
dock with one pair 
of gates. 


Amos & Smith 

Bailey & Leetham .. 

(Humber Iron 

Works.) 

Cook, Welton & 

Gemmell. 


1891 
1891 

1891 

1891 
1891 

1891 
1891 

1891 
1891 


Machinery 
Machinery. 

Hullsonly. 

Machinery. 
Hulls and 
machinery. 

Machinery. 
Machinery, 

Machinery. 
Machinery. 
















80-ton sheers, 30- ton 
and 45-ton cranes; 
Hull and Barnsley 
Co. have 100-ton 
crane, and Earle's 
Shipbuilding and 
Engineering C o. 
have 50-ton and 30- 
ton sheers. 

■Vessels of 3,000 tons 
and 310 ft. long have 
been docked m the 
Central Dry Dock. 

Largest vessels 
docked: In Sander- 
son's Dock, 169 ft. 
long, draught 13 ft.; 
in Union Dock. 210 
ft. long. 38 It beam, 
draught 12j ft. 


Earle's Shipbuild- 
ing and Engineer- 
ing Co. 

Holmes, C.D.,& Co.. 

Hull Central Dry 
Dock and Engi- 
neering Works. 

Rose, Downs & 
Thompson. 

Vulcan Iron Works . 


Scott, T.,& Co 

Webster, .lackson & 
Co. 


1891 
1891 


Hulls and 
machinery. 
Machinery. 








The Dry Dock and 
Patent Slip being 
entered from the 
Wet Docb.s, are not 
affu;'tc(i by tides. 









276 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Particulars of docking and repairing facilities 



Name of port. 



Goole, England- 
Continued. 



Selby, England... 
Grimsby, England, 



Boston, England . 



Kings Lynn, 

England. 



Great Yarmouth, 
England. 



Lowestoft, 

England. 



England. 



Ipswich, England 



Brightlingaea, 

England. 



Date. 



1898 
1898 



1898 



1898 
1898 



1898 
1891 
1898 

1898 
1898 
1898 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



Wet docks— Continued. 
Branch Dock, No. 1 . 
Branch Dock, No. 2 . 
Timber Pond, No. 1 . 
Timber Pond, No. 2 . 

OuseDock 



Ship Dock 

Aldam Dock 

Rwy. Dock 

North endof Rwy. Dock 

Dry Dock 



Dry Docks: 
No. 1 ... . 
No. 2.... 
No.S.... 

New 

Patent Slip . 



Gridiron 

Great Eastern R. E. Go's. 
Fldating Dock (building) . 
Wet Docks: 

Royal Dock 

Union Dock 

Alexandra Dock 

Eish Craft Docks 



Patent Slip (Thompson's) 

(80 tons) . 
Gridiron (300 tons) 



Wet Dock 



Wet Docks: 
Alexandra . 



Bentinck . 



Fellows: 

No.l 

No. 2 (in 2 sections) . 
Beeching Bros. : 

No.l 

No. 2 



Dry Dock 

Patent Slip (200 tons) . 



Patent Slip (500 tons). 



Patent Slips: 

Cliff (600 tons) . 



St. Clements (300 tons) . 

Ci ridiron 

Wet Dock 



Patent Slips; 
Aldous ... 



Stone. 



Length. 



Over Over 
all. blocks. 



Feel. 
279 
300 
612 
828 

570 

702 
465 
600 
620 

98 



400 
400 
150 
450 



(L'gth) 

2.328 

558 
6.300 



Feet. 
75 
150 
320 
190 

468 

200 
261 
200 
260 



350 
390 
143 
440 
794 
(cradle) 

220 



(B'dth) 

500 

96 
Various. 



Various. 



200 
(L-gth) 



(L'gth) 

582 to 

792 

1,002 



170 
250 



148 
130 



240 
330 



140 



240 

(L'gth) 

3,300 



84 
(cradle) 

100 
(B'dth) 

450 

(B'dth) 
402 



166 
245 

143 
1-25 

240 

84 

(cradle) 



87 
(cradle) 



140 
(cradle) 

100 
(cradle) 



(B'dth) 
860 



90 
(cradle) 

75 
(cradle) 

66 
(cradle) 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 
on sill, 

H.W. 
ordin y 

spriugs. 



Fed. 



70 
30 
30 
35 
■25 
(cradle) 

50 



f 70 

I 45 

45 

36 

' 20 

30 

32 

(cradle) 

32 



47 

30 

(cradle) 



35 
(cradle) 



30 
(cradle) 

SO 
(cradle) 



60 



24 
(cradle) 

21 
(cradle) 

21 
(cradle) 



Rise of tide. 



Sp'gs. 



Fid. 



23 S 
18i 

m 

191 
19J 



19 
18 
12 
19 
9 
14 
11 
15 
17i 
(bl'ks) 

26 

21 
21 



25 
27i 



12i 
Hi 

11 

lot 

15i 
13i 
14 



F'd,8; 
aft, 11. 



54 
234 



Hi 



13i 



14 



Neaps 



15J 



14} 



4i 



9} 



10 



FACILITIES OF THE POETS OF THE "WORLD. 

0/ the following European ports — Continued. 



277 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 



Chnrlton, Thomas- - . 

Great Grimsby Co- 
operative Box and 
Fish Carrying Co. 

Wales & Sharpe 



Date, 



1891 
1891 



1898 



Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 



Shafts. Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can be made. 



Hulls and 
machinery. 

Hulls and 
machinery. 

Hulls and 
machinery. 



Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 



Castings: 
Weight 

of largest 
that can 

be made. 



Remarks. 



Wooden shipbuilding 

carried on. 
Fellows No. 2 Dock 

will not take long 

vessels over 32 ft. 

beam. 

Wooden shipbuilding 

earned on. 
Largest vessel docked. 

240 ft long, 87 It. 

beam, 10 ft draught. 

Wooden shipbuilding 
carried on. Slip can 

- be lengthened by 
25 ft. 

Wooden shipbuilding 

carried on. 
St. Clements Slip can 

be lengthened to 

120 ft. 



278 



OOALINO, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Particulars of docking and repairing facilities 



Name of port. 



Date. 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



Length. 



Over Over 
all. blocks. 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 
on sill, 

H.W. 
ordin'y 
springs. 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



Rise of tide. 



Wivenhoe, 

England. 

East Donyland, 
England. 

Tilbury, England 



1898 



1896 
1896 



1898 



Dry Dock 

Patent Slip (400 tons) . 



Fed. 
205 
300 



Patent Slip. 
Gridiron 



London and India Docks 
Joint Committee: 

No.l 

No.2 

Wet Docks: 

Main Branch 

East Branch , 

Center Branch 

WestB ranch 



Gravesend 
and Northfleet, 
England. 

London, England. 



898 



Alfred Tolburst: 

Northfleet Dry Dock 

Northfleet Patent Slip 
(2,000 tons). 

North side of Thames: 

Bridge 

Limenouse , 

Amor & Co. — 

Inside Limekiln 

Dock. 
Outside Limekiln 
Dock. 

Union — 

Upper , 

Middle 

Lower 

Eegent 

Glengall 

CnbittTown , 

Mlllwall , 

Britannia 

Eoyal Albert;— 

No.l , 

No.2 

Victoria Pontoon 

Victoria Pontoon 

Victoria Pontoon , 

West India , 

East India 

Canal- 
Lower , 

Upper 

R. & H. Green, Limited- 
Upper Yard , 

New 

Thames Iron Works — 

West 

East 

Poplar 

South side of Thames: 

Fountain 

Princes 

Upper Globe 

Globe 

Horseferry 

Nelson 

Commercial 

Clyde 

Metropolitan 

Deptford Green 

Blaokwall Point 

Nelson Patent Slip 



Wet Docks: 
North side of Thames- 
Royal Albert Dock . . . 



868 
(L'gth) 
1,818 
1,602 
1,602 
1,602 



680 
500 



190 
356 



334 
352 
231 
281 
345 
362 
450 
300 

520 
428 
410 
322 
280 
464 
280 

295 



475 
335 



161 
255 
182 
172 
230 
332 
310 
200 
820 
417 
475 



Royal Victoria Dock . . 
East India Import Dock 



(L'gth) 

8,136 

5,000 
1,410 



178 

101 

(cradle) 

■ 60 

(cradle) 

130 



824 

300 
300 
300 



Feet. 



328 
S50 
228 
276 
336i 
362 
425 
300 

500 
408 



450 
280 



300 
460 



471 
330 
390 



161 
252 



225 
330 
295 



800 
399i 



Feet. 

U 

r'd,7; 

aft, 14. 

I 13 
12 



65 



1 
47 

45t 

44J 

50 
65 
47 



63 
55 

61 
49 

62 
65 

64 
46 
52i 

48 
42 
4U 



51 

mi 

48 
40 
65 



212 
(cradle) 

(B'dth) 

490 

1,050 
534 



29 
(cradle) 

f 80 

( 80 

80 

47S 



38 



17 

15 

20i 

m 

20 
24i 

18 

22 
22 



25 
18i 



19i 
17i 



25 
21 
21 

15 
18 
19 
16 
18 
20 
14i 
14 
14 
21 
15 
11 
16 



30 

36 

28 

24| 



18i 



18i 



20j 



201 



17J 



19 
20} 



15 



FACILITIES OF THE POETS OF THE WOKLD. 

0/ the following European ports — Continued. 



279 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can be made. 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 


Remarks. 


Forrestt & Son 


1891 


Hulls only. 








Largest vessel docked. 














686 tons, 144 ft. long, 














32 ft. bea;m, 14i ft. 














draught. 














The docks can be di- 














vided by central 














caissons into docks 














either 445 and 415 














ft., 495 and 356Jft., 














or 545 and 3151 ft. in 














length. 














50-ton floating steam 














crane in Tilbury 














Docks. 


Butchard's Works. . . 
(Gravesend.) 


1892 


Machinery 








80-ton sheers and 20- 








ton crane at North- 


Sandford, E. A. & H. 


1892 


Machinery. 








fleet Dock. 


(Gravesend.) 














Appleby Bros 

(East Greenwich.) 


1892 


Machinery. 








In the Royal Albert 










Docks there are 50- 


Braby,F.,&Co 


1892 


Small hulls 
only. 








ton and 30-ton float- 
ing steam cranes 




1892 


Machinery. 






■ 


and 60-ton sheers; 


(Millwall.) 












in Victoria Docks 


Edwards & Symes. . . 


1892 


Hulls only. 








there are 60-ton 


(Cubitt Town.) 












sheers; in Millwall 


Fletcher, 6., & Co... 


1892 


Machinery. 








Docks there are 80- 


(Poplar Iron Works.) 












ton sheers. 


Fletcher, Henry, 


1892 


Hulls only. 








R. & H. Green have 


Son & Fearnall. 












new engineering 


(Limehouse.)' 












shops; heavy lathes, 


Forrestt & Son 


1892 


Hulls only. 








capable of taking 40 


(Limehouse.) 












ft. from center to 


Green, R. & H 

(Blackwall.) 


1895 


All kinds.. 


All sizes. 






center and face- 












plate 4 by 100 in.; 
heavy planing and 
slotting machines; 


6wynne,J.&H 


1892 


Machinery. 








(Hammersmith 












Iron Works.) 












1 - 1 n overhead 


Humphrys, T e n - 


1892 


Machinery. 








cranes. E. R. sid- 


nant & Co. 












ing near the docks. 


(Deptford.) 
Moudsley, Sons & 












Largest vessel docked 


1892 


Machinery. 








in Limehouse Dock, 


Field. 












212 ft. 5 in. by 36 ft., 


(East Greenwich.) 












draught 15 ft. 


Penn,J.,&Sons 


1892 


Machinery. 








The breadth of en- 


(Greenwich and 












trance of the Out- 


Deptford.) 












side Limekiln Dock 


Rennie,J.&G 


1892 


Hulls only. 








is 51 ft. 8 in. with 


(Greenwich.) 












rubbing pieces re- 


Robertson, A. & W , 


1892 


Machinery. 








moved. Two ves- 


& Co. (Custom- 












sels, 230 and 250 ft. 


House Engine 












long, can be docked 


Works, Victoria 












together. Largest 


Docks) . 












vessel docked, 330 


Samuda Bros 


1892 


Hulls only. 








ft. by 24 ft., draught 


(Isle of Dogs.) 












15 ft. 10 in. 


Stewart, John, & 


1892 


Hulls and 








Regent Dock: Largest 


Son (Blackwall 




machinery. 








vessel docked, 2,408 


Ironworks, Isle of 












tons, 257 ft. long, 46 


Dogs). 












ft. beam, 29 ft. deep. 


Thames Iron Works 


1892 


Hulls and 








Largest vessel docked 


and Shipbuilding 




machinery. 








in Glengall Dock, 


Co. (Blackwall). 












2,862 tons, 320 ft. by 


Thornycroft, John 


1892 


Hulls and 








40 ft. 


I.&Co. (Chiswick). 




machinery. 








Largest vessel docked 


Victoria Dock Co ... 


1892 


Hulls only. 








In Millwall Dock, 


(Victoria Docks.) 
Walker,W 












5,365 tons, 445 ft. by 


1892 


Hulls only. 








46 ft. 


(Eotherhithe and 












Largest vessel docked 


Poplar.) 












in Britannia Dock, 


Westwood, Baillie & 


1892 


Hulls only. 








2,002 tons, 294 ft. by 


Co. (Isle of Dogs). 












,35 ft. 2 in., draught 
13 ft. 



?80 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Particulars of dockiini and repiilrliKj fdcililies 



Name of port. 



London, 
England — 
Continued. 



1S98 



Woolwich, 

Knglaiid. 



Chatham, 

England. 



1898 



1898 
1898 
1898 



1898 



1898 
1898 
1898 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



Length. 



Wet Docks— Continued. 
North side oi Thames- 
Continued. 
East India E.xport Dock. 

East India Basin 



West Indialmport Dock . 

West IndiaExport Dock . 

Blackwall Basin 

Limehouse Basin 



South West India Dock. 

South WestlndiaBasin. 

Junction Dock 

North London Ewy. 

Co. 's Dock. 
Midland Rwy. C o . ' s 

Doek. 
Millwall 



Regents Canal Dock 

London Docks 

New Shadwell 

OldShadwell 

Wapping 

Hermitiige 

St. Katherine Docks 

Western Dock 

Eastern Dock 

Basin 

South side of Thames- 
Surrey Commercial 
Docks- 
South Dock 



Greenland Dock. . . 

Norway Dock 

Lady Dock 

Ship Channel, 
Acorn and Lav- 
ender Pouds, 

Surrey Basin 

Island Dock 

Stave Dock 

Russia Dock i 

Albion Dock 

Canada Dock 



Government Docks: 

No.l Dock 

No.2Dock 

No.SDock 

Inner Basm Entrance- 
Outer Basin Entrance . 



H.B.M. Dockyard: 

No.lDock 

No.2Dock 

No.SDock 

No.4 Dock 

No.5DockD 

No. Dock E 

No.7Dock F 

No. 8 Dock G 

North Lock || outer. 

south Lock {^0^:; 

Basin Entrance A 

Basin Entrance B 

Basin Entrance C 



Over Over 
all. blocks. 



Fea. 
760 



2,600 

2,600 

750 
350 

2. 652 

600 

321 

1,290 

351 

■1,200 



4,800 



800 
500 
480 



800 

970 

580 

770 

1,530 



400 
950 
1,000 
2,650 
1,180 
1,530 



276J 
2731 
288 



226 

408A 

363i 

253 
456} 
456} 
457} 
457} 

477i 
479J 



Ftil. 
lit 

600 
500 



600 
200 



360 
150 
309 



350 to 
4, 230 



470 
400 
200 



Width 
at en- 
ti-aueo. 



250 
241} 



mi 
336t 
232 
416 
416 
416 
416 

436 



50 
47} 
65 
60 
36 
60 
36 
60 
36 
55 
45 
55 
45 
30 



320 

430 { 

270 
450 



300 
170 
200 
260 
400 
460 



48 
424 
48 
44 
36i 
87i 



Depth 
on sill, 
H. W. 

ordin'y 
prings. 



248 
:iO 



82 
82 
94i 
944 
84} 

'M 
84 



25J 



Riseof tidt 



Sp'^.IKeap' 



18J 

18} 
18} 
18} 



21,-5 



17 
24} 
24} 

22 
32} 
32} 

83 

33 
34} 

33 

33 

31 
33 
S3 



34} 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WOBLD. 



281 



of the following European ports — Continued. 



Shipyards, machme 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 



Date. 



Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 



Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can be made. 



Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 



Castings; 

Weight 
of largest 

that can 
be ma^e. 



Remarks. 



Willans & Robinson 

(Thames-Ditton.) 

Wilson, Alex., & Co. 

(Vauxhall Iron 

Works.) 

Yarrow & Co 

(Isle of Dogs.) 



1892 
1892 

1892 



Machinery. 
Machinery, 



Hulls and 
machinery. 



H.M B. Dockyard . 



Hulls and 
machinery. 



The Victoria Pon- 
toons have a lifting 
capacity of 5,000, 
2,800, and 2,200 tons, 
respectively. 

Largest vessel docked 
in Upper YardDock, 
824 ft. by 40 ft. 2 in., 
draught 13 ft. 6 in.; 
in New Dock, 420 ft. 
by 54 ft., draught 
19 ft. 3 in. 

Thames Iron Works: 
Largest vessel dock- 
ed, Rome, 5,545 tons, 
449 ft. long, 44 ft. 
beam; H. M. S. Su- 
perb, 59 ft. beam, 
23 ft. draught. 

Largest vessel docked 
in the Poplar Dock, 
378 ft. by 47 ft. 6 in., 
draught 18 ft. 6 in. 

Largest vessel docked 
in Princes Dock, 248 
ft. by 41 ft., draught 
14 ft. 6 in. 

Largest vessel docked 
in Commercial 
Dock, 2,169 tons, 298 
ft. long. 

Largest vessel docked 
in Deptford Green 
Dock, 4,670 tons, 360 
ft. long, 45 ft. beam, 
by 26 ft. 



No. 1 is no longer 
used as :i dock. 

There is a 250-toa 
crane at this dock- 
yard. 



l^bl' 



COALINa. DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Particulars of docking and repairing fiicililita 



Name of port. 



Date. 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

other^vise stated.) 



Length. 



Orer 
all. 



Oyer 
blocks. 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 
on sill, 

H.W. 
ordln'y 
springs. 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



Rise of tide. 



Sheeruess, 

England. 



Rochester. 

England. 



Whitstable, 

England. 



Ramsgate, 

England. 

Dover, England . 



Folkestone, 

England. 

Eye, England 



Newhaven, 

England. 



Shoreham, 

England. 



Littlehampton, 
England. 



Bosham, England 

Portsmouth 
and GK)sport, 
England. 



1898 



1898 



1891 
1898 

1898 

1898 
1891 

1898 
1898 

1898 

1898 



H.B.M. Dockyard: 
No. 1 Dock D ... 



Xo.2DockE 

No.SDockF 

No.4DockG 

No.SDookH 

Small Biisiu Entrance 

(Tidill) A. 
Great Basin Entrance B. 
Boat Basin Entrance 

(Tidal) C. 



Patent Slip (SOO tons) 

Gridiron 

Wet Dock 



Patent Slip (200 tons) 



Patent Slip (500 tons) . . 
(Board o£ Trade.) 



Patent Slip (800 tons) . . . 
(Wellington Dock.) 
Wet Docks: 



Granville Dock. . . 

Wellington Dock . 
(The Pent) 



Slipway (600 tons) . 
Gridiron 



GOO 

(L'gth) 
800 

I 1.290 

450 
181 



Patent Slip (SOO tons) . 



London, Brighton and 
South C!oast Ewy. Co.: 
Gridiron 

Patent Slip (500 tons) . . . 



Patent Slip (1,000 tons) . 

Gridiron (500 tons) 

Patent Slip (400 tons) . . . 

Gridiron 

Patent Slip (250 tous) . . . 



H.B.M. Dockyard-. 

No. 1 Dock 

No.2Dock 

No.3Dock 

No. 4 Dock 

No. 5 Dock 

No.eDock 

No. 7Dock\DoubIe 
No. 10 Dock/ - Dock. 

No.SDock 

No.9Dock 

No.llDoek 

No.l2DockK 

No.lSDockl 

No.l4DockH 

No.l5DockG 

Deep Lock D 

North Lock||o;'„'-:::: 
south Lock go;;j»:::: 



-olj 
■-'SI 

1ST 



lid. 



2681 

Gates 

24U 



1761 



150 

(L'gth) 

198 



258 
125 



110 
600 



170 



110 



253i 
252J 

1^ 
2288 
220A 
658A 
S4SA 



427 
456 
456 
565i 
66Si 
461t 

466 

4(u; 



ISO 
(cradle) 



Fni. 
57jV 

II! 

50 
100 



28 
(cradle) 



25i 
25 

15 
20A 

25! 
19H 



(B'dth) 
114 

114 

(cradle) 



ISO 
(cradle) 

175 

(cradle) 

(B'dtli) 

~47 to 

324 

'8 to 

430 



(cradle) 



P"d,9; 
alt.U. 

I 9i 
I IS 



100 
(cradle) 



20 
l,oradle) 



90 

160 

(cradle) 

16S 



9 

I 10 

I IS 

11 



120 (, I 
(cradle) J \ 



80 
(cradle) 

228i 
2214 
275 
278J 
209i 
1891 

614A 
807 



400i 
415 
416 
659 
557 
435il 

458 
458 



24 
(cradle) 




19» 
28! 
25J 
258 
19) 

27» 



82 



27» 
83i 
SSS 



4U 
42t 
S3f 
41{ 
SSi 



16 



1» 

ISi 



20 



1S4 
1st 



FACILITIES OF THE POETS OF THE WORLD. 

of the following European ports — Continued. 



283 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can be made 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 


Remarks. 


H.M.B. Dockyard .. 


1898 


Hulls and 
machinery. 


























































48-ton crane Patent 














Slip can take a ves- 
sel 230 ft. long. 










































high. 

Patent Slip can take a 
vessel 200 ft. long 
and 36 ft. beam. 




























H.B.M. Dockyard .. 


1898 
1891 


Hulls and 
machinery. 

Hulls 
(small) and 
machinery. 























284 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Paiiiculars of docking and rcpairiiHifacililies 



Xarue of port. 



Portsmoutli 
and Grosport, 
England- 
Continued. 



Soutliampton, 

England. 



Cowes, 
Isle of Wight, 
England. 



Foole, England . . 



Portland 
(Weymouth) , 
EngMnd. 



Exmouth, 

England. 

Topsham 
(Exeter) , 
England. 



Date. 



1898 
1898 

1898 

1S9S 

1898 
1898 



1898 
1898 
1898 



1898 



1898 



1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 



1891 



1898 
1898 
1898 



1898 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



Town Camber Drv Dock — 
Camber Piitont Slip (600 

tons) . 
Patent Slip N,i. 1 (500 tons) . 

Paleiit Slip No. 2 (250 tons) . 



Gridiron 

Patent Slip (500 tons) . 

Patent Slip (160 tons) . 



Prince of Wales 

No.l 

No. 2 

No.S 

No. 4 

Patent Slip (1,000 tons)... 
(Northam Iron Works.) 

Patent Slip (600 tons) 

(Northam Iron Works.) 

Patent Slip (400 tons) 

(Crosshouse.) 
Wet Docks: 

Close Dock 

Empress Dock 

CoaJ-Barge Dock 



Medina Dry Dock . . . 

(J. S. White.) 
Falcon Slip 



Biancas Slip 

Czarina Slip 

Columbine Slip- 
Minerva Slip 



Point Slips: 
No.l... 



No. 2. 



Gridirons (East Cowes) : 

No.l 

No. 2 

No.S 

W. White & Son (West 
Cowes) : 
Patent Slip (400 tons)'. . . 

Inman & Co. (East Cowes) ; 
Patent Slip (100 tons) . . . 
Gridiron 



Patent Slip (200 tons) . 

Patent Slip (700 tons) . 

Patent Slips; 

No. 1 (100 tons) ... 



No. 2 (250 tons) 
No. 3 (350 Ions 



Wet Dock. 



Topsham . 



Length. 



Over Over 
all. blocks. 



Firt. 
349 



100 
400 



150 



745i 
400 
275 
516 
480 



1,714 
290 

380 



360 
440 



700 

360 
275 



HO 
90 
70 



320 



250 
100 



(L'gth) 
460 



190 



Feet. 

328 

160 

(orndle) 

150 

(cradle) 

72 

(cradle) 



120 
(cradle) 

(cradle) 



(i60 
371 
223 
476 
448 
220 

(cradle) 
160 

(cradle) 
142 

(cradle) 

(B'dth) 
562 
SIS 
210 

■270 

124 
(cradle) 

100 
(cradle) 

170 
(cradle) 

113 
(cradle) 

160 
(cradle) 

110 

(cradle) 

80 

(cradle) 



(cradle) 



(cradle) 

125 

(cradle) 



60 

(cradle) 

180 

(cradle) 

(B'dth) 
390 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Deptii 
on sill, 

H.W. 
ordin'y 
springs. 



Feet. 

50 

35 

(cradle) 

36i 

(cradle) 

24 

(cradle) 



26 
(cradle) 

22 
(cradle) 



91 
66 
61 
80 
56 
60 

(cradle) 
70 

(cradle) 
52 

(cradle) 

60 
165 



56 



27 
(cradle) 

40 
(cradle) 

30 

(cradle) 

22i 

(cradle) 

20 
25 
15 



25 



14 
(cradle) 

16 
(cradle) 



32 



Peel. 

17J 

12 

12 
10 



i » 



35 
22i 
IS 
27t 
24 
17 
21 
IS 
21 

lU 

2S 
39 
21 

16i 



10 

11 
16 

lOi 

14 

7 

lOi 



Pd,8; 
aft, 13i 



Rise of tide 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



12* 



61 



6t 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WOELD. 

o/ the following European ports — Continued. 



285 



Shipyards, macMne 

shops, etc., having 

facihties for repairs 

to steamers. 



Day, Summers & Co. 

(Northam Iron 

Works) . 

Napier & Son 

(Crosshouse.) 
Southampton Naval 
Works. 



Guy, J , 

White, J. S 



White, W.,&Son .... 



Date. 



1891 
1891 



Hulls and 
machinery. 

Machinery. 

Hulls and 
machinery. 



1891 
1891 



Character 

ol repairs, 

large or 

small. 



Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 

length of 
largest that 
can be made. 



Machinerv 

Hulls 
(small) and 
machinery. 

Hulls 
(small) and 
machinery. 



Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can he 
brazed. 



Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 



Remarks. 



60-ton and 30-ton 
sheers; 100-ton 
sheers in South- 
ampton Docks. 



286 



COALING, DOCKING, AND EEPAIRING 

Particulars of docking and repairing facililies 



Name of port. 



Teigumouth, 

England. 

Dartmouth, 

England. 

Plymouth, 

England. 



Devonport 
and Keyham, 
England. 



Par, England . 



Falmouth, 

England. 



Penzance, 

England. 



Appledore 
and Bldeford, 
England. 



Bridge water, 

England. 



Avitnmouth, 

England. 



Portisliead, 

England. 



1898 
1895 



1898 
1898 



1898 
1898 

1898 



1898 



1898 



1898 
1898 



1898 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

other^Tlse stated.) 



Patent Slip (300 tons) . 
Gridirons 



Cattewater (Queen Anne) . 
Cattewater Patent Slip (500 

tons) . 

Cattewater Gridiron 

Sutton Pool (Shilston's 

Floating Dock) . 
Millbay (Great Western) . . , 

Wet Dock (Great Western) . 



H. B. M. Dockyards: 

Devonport — 

No.l Dock (Basin) 

No. 2 Dock (New Long) 

No. 3 Dock (New) , 

No. 4 Dock (North) 

Basin Entrance 

Kevham — 
No.l Dock (South) G.., 
No. 2 Dock (Middle) F.. 
No. 8 Dock (Queen's) E , 

Entrance Lockj^git"; 

Entrance to North 

Basin B. 
Entrance between 

Basins. 



Dry Dock. 



Falmouth Dock Co. ; 

No.l 

No. 2 

Patent Slip 



Dry Dock 

Wet Dock 

R. Cock & Sons: 

Richmond Dry Dock . . 
New Quay Dry Dock . . 
Gridiron 

Patent Slip (300 tons) ... 

Great Western 

Gridiron 

Pontoon Dock (4,300 tons) . 



Wet Dock. 



Length. 



Over Over 
all. blocks. 



240 
300 



160 
144 



464 

(L'gth) 

1,260 

to 

1,392 



437 
405} 
277i 



365 

S07S 

418 

253 



120 



217 

(L'gth) 

1,800 



323 
280 
200 
310 



108 
162 



365 



(L'gth) 
1,800 



Feet. 

9' 
(cradle) 



2394 

120 

(cradle) 



140 

418 

(B'dth) 

452 



4164 
416i 
263J 



347 

295i 

413 

253 



366 

537 

100 

(cradle) 



215 

(B'dth) 

300 



313 
■260 



121 
(cradle) 



105 



(B'dth) 
800 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 
on sill, 

H.W. 
ordln'y 
springs. 



Feet. 
21 
(cradle) 



66 
73 
93i 

80 
80 



244 



50 

67 

24 

(cradle) 



60 



Feet. 

{ 1 
10 

12 
10 
13 
10 to 14 
10 

31 

29 



27A 
31* 
84J 

264 
224 
264 
354 
334 
334 

264 



I 10 



124 
34 



17 

144 

15 

7 

11 



18 



Rise of tide. 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



13 
144 
154 



154 



164 



314 



94 
104 
114 



11} 
12 



164 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WOBLD. 

0/ the following European ports — Continued. 



287 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc. , having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can bemade. 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 

of largest 
that can 

be made. 


Bemarks. 
















Simpson, Strickland 
&Co. 

Bickle & Co 


1891 

1891 

1891 
1898 

1898 


Machinery 

Hulls and 
machinery. 
Machinery. 

Hulls and 
machinery. 

Hulls and 
machinery. 
















The depth of water in 


Welch & Co . 






= 


the basin leading to 
the Millbay Dock is 


Willoughby Bros 

(Central Foundry 
and Engine Works.) 

H.B.M. Dockyards.. 


22ft.atH.W.O.S.T. 


• 










1891 
1891 
1891 
1891 

1891 
1891 


Hulls and 
machinery. 

General 
repairs. 

Hulls and 
machinery. 
Machinery. 

Engine 
repairs; 
large. 








Falmouth Dock Co. 


Falmouth Dock Co. . 
Leaii,W.H 








has 45-ton and 40- 
ton cranes. 
No. 2 can be used as a 
wet dock, with 20 ft. 


Sara & Burgess 

(Penryn.) 

Harvey & Co., Hayle 
(about 10 miles 
distant by rail) . 


on the sill. Largest 
vessel docked, 4,740 
tons. Patent Slip 
will take a vessel 
130 ft. long. 

Largest ship yet 
docked, 860 tons reg- 
ister. 

Wooden-ship building 
carried on. 

Largest vessel docked 
in New Quay Dock, 
800 tons register, 
and in Richmond 
Dock about 1,400 
tons register. 




























# 


Largest vessel docked. 














3,340 tons, 360 ft. 
long. 

















•288 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Pai-ticiitai:'! of docking ami rfpairlinj farilitif 



Name of port. 



Bristtil, England. 



Sharpnessi and 
Gloucester, 

Englanil. 



Newport. En,i;land 



CnrrtilT. Wales. 



ISilS 

is;)s 

ISilS 

imis 

1898 



1S9S 
1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 



1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 



1898 
1898 



1898 



1898 
1898 
1S98 

1898 
1898 

IS'.IS 

1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 

1898 



1898 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



Albion Dry Dock 

Great Western Dry Dock . 

Stothert's Dry Dock 

Limekiln Dry Dock 

Bristol Gridiron 

Patent Slip (260 tons) 



Wet Docks: 

Avonmoutli Dock 

Cumberland Basin, 

Half-Tide. 
Floating Harbor 



Bathnrst Basin, H.T. 
WetDoi'k 



Gloucester: 

No.!.... 

No. 2.... 

No.8.... 

No.4.... 
Sharpness .. 
Wet Dock . . 



Edith.No.l... 

Alice, No. 2 

Mary, No. 3 . . . 

Alexandra 

Union: 

No.l 

No. 2 

Gridiron 

Wet Docks: 

Wet Dock . 



Alexandra- 
North Dock. 

South Dock. 

Timber Float... 



Bute 

Commercial . . 
East Bute: 

No.l 

No. 2 

West Bute 

Mount Stuart: 

No.l 



No.) 



Junction 

Canal: 

No.l 

No.2 

Cliannel 

Pontoon (Mercantile Ton- 
toon Co.) (S,500 tons) . 
Pontoon (CardilY Pontoon 

Co.). 
Windsor Patent Slips; 

5,000 tons 



3,500 tons. 



Wet Docks: 

Roath Basin 

Eoath Dock 

East Basin 

East Bute Dock. 



Leugtli. 



Over 
all. 



SIO 
150 
260 
266 

(L'gth) 

1,400 

702 



420 
156 



1(15 
113 
90 

• SO 
350 

2,200 



220 



360 
523 



857 



250 

(L'gth) 

1,752 



2,500 
1,500 
6,810 



600 
600 

400 
420 
236 

440 
420 
419 

140 

90 

618 

860 

330 



900 



(L'gth 

1,000 

'2,400 

880 

■1,800 



Over 
blocks. 



97 

(cradle) 

(B'dth) 

500 

300 

210 



344 

200 to 

i;iO 



220 
289 
860 
510 

860 
520 



(B'dth) 

■240 to 

340 

400 

550 

1,650 



590 
550 



896 
890 



428 
355 
375 
419 



018 
860 



8'20 

(cradle) 

830 

(cradle) 

(B'dth) 

560 

600 

250 

800 to 

500 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



41 

•294 



62 
86i 



35! 

■m 

•29 
17* 
50 
60 



45i 
46} 
49ti 

58 
65 



65 



62i 
60 

48 
50 
40 

hi 
52 
50 

27 
19 
62 
60 

57i 



Depth 
on sill, 

H.W., 
ordin'y 
springs. 



14 

m 

14* 
lU 



83 



12 

10) 

6 

4 

15 
24 



Kisoof tido. 



Sp'gs. Noiii 



8U 



25 i 



80 , 
15 ! 



33 



25t 
28 

17 
19 
12 



86i 



18 
■28 
18 
28 

36i 
8&i 
3U 
3U 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WOELD. 

of tlie follmmng European ports^Continued. 



289 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can be made. 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that call 
be made. 


Remark.s. 


Hill, C.,& Sons 

(Albion Dockyard.) 
Jeffries & Co 


1891 


Hulls and 








The dry docks, open- 




machinery. 








ing into the floating 


1891 


Machinery. 








harbor,are unaffect- 


Newall&Co...;.... 


1891 


Hulls and 
machinery. 








ed by tides. 
Largest vessel docked 


Payne, J 


1891 


Hulls and 
machinery. 








in Limekiln Dock, 


(Vauxhall Works.) 


146 by 26 ft., draught 


Sisson,W.,&Co 


1891 


Machinery. 








Hi ft.; in Stothert's 


(Quay Street Iron 












Dock, 302 by 36 ft. 


Works.) 












The west basins, A von- 


Stothert,G.K.,&Co. 


1891 


Hulls and 
macliinery. 








- mouth and Potis- 
head, admit vessels 
of almost any size 
day or night, inde- 
pendent of tides. 
Ample crane power. 


Fielding & Piatt 

(Gloucester.) 


1891 


Machinery. 








Dry docks, opening 
into wet docks 












Summers & Williams 


1891 


Machinery. 








jnaintained at level 


(Gloucester.) 








' 




of ship canal, are un- 
affected by tides. 


Laurie, L.G.,& Co... 


1891 


General... 








50-ton sheers in Alex- 


Mordey, Carney & 


1891 


Hulls and 








andria Docks; Alex- 


Co. 




machinery. 








andria Dry Dock, 
opening into the 
wet docks, is un- 
affected by tides. 
20 hydraulic and 
steam cranes, 10 of 
15 tons. Fitting 
shops and all con- 
veniences for re- 
pairs by the Dock 
Co. at reasonable 


























rates. 


Bute Shipbuilding, 
Eng'g, and Dry 


1891 


Hulls and 








The dry docks in the 




machinery. 








Bute Docks are un- 


Dock Co. (Cardiff 












affected by tides. 


and Treherbert) . 












Hill's Dry Docks and 


Elliott & Jeffrey .... 


1891 


Hulls and 
machinery. 
Hulls and 








Eng'g Co. has 60-ton 
sheers. 
Mount StuaH Ship- 


Hill's Dry Docks 


1891 








and Eng'g Co. 




machinery. 








building, Graving 


Mount Stuart Ship- 


1891 


Hulls and 








Docks, and Eng'g 
Co. has facilities tor 


building, Graving 




machinery. 








Docks, and Engi- 












casting propellers 


neering Co. 












up to 12 tons weigh t. 


Shearman, John, & 


1891 


General 








Largest vessel docked 


Co. 




repairs. 
Machinery. 








in Commercial 


Tydvil Eng'g and 


1891 








Dock, 6,550 tons, 452 


Ship Repairing Co. 












by 52 ft., draught 13 


Tyneside Engine 


1891 


Hulls and 








ft.; in Bute Dock, 


Works. 




engines. 








6,839 tons, 445 by 52 


Wallsend Pontoon 


1891 


General 








ft., largest draught 


Co. 




repairs. 








22 ft.; in Mount 
Stuart, No. 1, 410 by 
49 ft. 
Mount Stuart No. 2 is 
a double dock, with 
two rows of blocks, 
but can take vessels 
of 400 ft. with the 
blocks in the center 
line. 



12477 19 



'290 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Particulars of docking and rtpairing faciiilies 



Xanie of port. 



Date, 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

other\vise stated.) 



Length. 



Over Over 
all. blocks. 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 
ou sill, 
H.W., 
ordin'y 
springs. 



Rise of tide. 



Sp'gs. Neiijw 



Cardif. Wales- 
Continued. 



Penarth, "Wale^. .. 



Barry, Wales . 



Porthcawl, Wales, 



Port Talbot, Wales 



Briton Ferry, 

Wales. 



Swansea, Wales . 



Wet docks — Continued. 

West Basin 

West Bute Dock 



Feet. 

300 

4,000 



189S 
1S98 
1S9S 
1898 



Penarth Shipbuilding and 
Ship Repairing Co.: 
Patent Slip (2,400 t. nisi 

Gridiron 

Barry 

Commercial 

New Dock 

Wet Docks: 

Wet Dock No. 1 

Basin 

Wet Dock No.2 



870 

381 

727 
743 
620 
iL'gth) 
.100 
600 



Wet Dock. 



Wet Docks: 
Old.... 



1S98 



1898 
1898 
1898 



1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 



Phoenix 

Vllliers 

Albion 

Cambrian 

Cambrian 

Globe 

Jersey 

Central 

Gridiron 

Wet Docks; 

North Dock 

South Dock 

Prince of Wales . 



(L'gth) 



(L'gth) 

6,000 

990 



(L'gth) 
1,650 



805 

286 

480 

270 

155 

850 

289 

350 

300 

(L'gth) 

2, 220 

1,530 

2,825 



Feet. 
200 
200 



800 

(cradle) 

384 

710 

738 

610 

(B'dth) 

1,100 
600 

1,300 



(B'dth) 
340 



(B'dth) 
500 
680 



(B'dth) 
390 



295 

•JSO 
480 
'Jtio 
152 
348 
267 
340 



(B'dth) 
200 
360 
fiOO 



45 
36 



40 
41J 
41i 

34 
461 
45i 

47 

88 

60 
70 



Fiet. 
86i 
28i 



F'd.lS; 

aft. 28. 

26 

24} 
26i 
28i 

S7S 
37J 
37} 



20i 



36i 



37} 



2St 



20i 



24i 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 

of tlu'/oUomlng European ports — Continued. 



291 



Shipyards, machine 

shops^ etc., having 

facilities lor repairs 

to steamers. 



Penarth Shipbuild- 
ing and Ship Re- 
pairing Co. 



Barry Graving Dock 
and Eng'g Co. 



Central Graving Dock 
and Eng'g Co. 

Harris Bros 

(Cambrian Doclis.) 
Lewis, J 

(Jersey Dock.) 
IVIeager, G. B.,&Co. 

(Villlers Dock.) 
Phoenix Dry Dock 

and Eng'g Co. 
Swansea Dry Dock 

and Eng'g Co. 



Date. 



Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 



Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
canbemade. 



Hulls and 
machinery. 



Hulls and 
machinery. 



Gen e r a 1 

repairs. 
General 

repairs. 
General 

repairs. 
Gen e r a 1 

repairs. 
Gen e r a 1 

repairs. 
Gen era! 

repairs. 



Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 



Castings: 
Weight 

of largest 
that can 

be made. 



Remarks. 



Junction Dock is en- 
tered from the East 
Bute Basin or West 
Bute Dock. Largest 
vessel docked, 361 
ft. long, 44 J ft. beam. 

Largest vessel docked 
in Channel Dock, 
7,500 tons, 470 by 57i 
ft., draught 13 ft. (in 
ballast) . 



The Barry Dock is in 
2 parts, 354 ft. in 
length and 100 ft. 
wide on lioor, di- 
vided by an en- 
trance of similar 
section tn the main 
entrance. Largest 
ship docked, 445 ft. 
by 52 ft. by 24 ft.; 
largest draught is 
22 ft. 

The Commercial Dock 
can be divided by a 
caisson into 2 
parts, 366 and 359 ft. 
long, respectively, 
and 100 ft. wide on 
floor. Largest ship 
docked, 430 ft. by 47 
ft., draught 14 ft. 6 
in. Hydraulic cranes 
of ample power. 



Albion Dock isentered 
from the North 
Dock, and can be 
made into 2 docks 
having central 
gates. Largest ves- 
sel docked, 287 ft. 8 
In. by 37 ft. 4 in. 

Cambrian Docks are 
entered from the 
Tidal Basin. Larg- 
est vessel docked, 
234 ft. by 29 ft., 
draught 12 ft. 

Globe Dock is entered 
from the South 
Dock. Largest ves- 
sel docked, 346 ft. 6 
in. by 40 ft. 9 in. 

Jersey Dock: Largest 
vessel docked, 261 ft. 
by 35 ft. 3 In. 



'^92 



COALING, DOCKING, AND KEPAIBING 

Particulars of docking ami repairing farililies 



Nanu' of port. 



Swansea, Wale 
Coutinuecl. 



Burry Port, Wales 
Llanelly, Wales. . 



MiUord Haven 
and Pembroke, 
Wales. 



Carnarvon, Wales. 
Dinorwic, Wales. . 
Holyhead, Wales. , 



Amlwch, Wales. 

Bangor, Wales . . 
Rhyl, Wales 



Date, 



Docts, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



Length. 



1898 



Connah's Quay, 
Chester, England. 



Liverpool, 

England. 



1898 



1898 
1898 



1898 
1898 



Wet Docks— Continued. 



Wet Docks: 
East Dock . 
West Dock. 



Patent Slip (800 tons) 

(Samuel Bros.) 
Wet Docks: 

Copper Works 

Gt. Western R. R. Co . . . 

Commissioner's (b'ld'g. 

MiUord Dry Dock 



Wet Dock 

Frances (Pembroke) . 
Allen's (Pembroke) .. 
Govt. No.l 



Patent Slip (350 tons) 
Patent Slip 



Over 
all. 



Feet. 



380 

(L'gth) 

700 

600 

1,100 



600 
(L'gth) 



Width 
' at en- 
Over I trance, 
blocks. 



Depth Kise of tide, 
on sill. 
H.W. I j 

^;;;;>>'gs. Neaps 



^!; 



160 
(cradle) 
(B'dth) 
100 
210 
400 

600 
(B dth) 



tregular. 



•200 
246 
404 



Alexandra Dry Dock 

(L. & N. W. Rwy. Co.) 

Govt. Dry Dock 

Govt. Gridiron 



Dry Dock (cut in rock) . . 
(W.Thomas & Sons.) 



Patent Slip (400 tons) 



Patent Slip (200 tons) 

(Jones.) 

Patent Slip (Ferguson & 
Baird's) : 
300 tons 



Liington; 
No.l— 

Outer . 

Inner. 
No.'2— 

Outer . 

Inner . 



414 



307 
350 



200 
246 
387J 

100 



401i 
•290 



170 



80 
(cradle) 

60 
(cradle) 



80 
(cradle) 

SO 
(cradle) 



448 
500 



600 
448 



70 



62} 
50 



30 



■2010 2: 
20 to -22 



20 



34 
12 
11 

25t 



20 
(cradle) 



40 
(cradle) 

40 
(cradle) 



218 
■248 

24J 
248 



•23 
15 
28 

27i 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 



293 



0/ the following European ports — Continued. 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter aud 
length of 
largest that 
can be made. 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 


Remarks. 














Central Dock is en- 














tered from the river. 
Largest vessel" 
docked, 336 ft. long, 
43 ft. beam. 
The Gridiron is en- 
tered from a dock 
where the water is 
generally kept up to 
24 ft.; with this 
depthof water a ves- 
sel 150 ft. long, draw- 
ing 10 ft. forward 
and 15 ft. aft, can be 
blocked. It will 
accommodate 2 ves- 
sels. 


Samuel Bros 

Castle Steel and Iron 

Works (Milford). 
Oswald, T.R.,& Co.. 

(Milford.) 

H.B.M. Dockyard .. 

(Pembroke.) 


1891 

1891 
1891 
1891 


Hullsonly. 

Hulls and 
machinery. 
Hullsonly. 

Hullsonly. 










































1891 
1891 












Thomas, W., & Sons . 


Hulls only. 








high, at Alexandra 
Dry Dock. Largest 
vessel docked i n 
AlexandraDock, 335 
ft. by 35 It., draught 
14 ft. 








larged. Largest 
vessel docked 133 
ft. by 21 ft. by 9 ft. 






























Evans, K.&J.,& Co . 
Fawcett, Preston & 

Co. 
(Phcenix Foundry.) 
Jone8,John,&Sons . 

Liverpool Forge Co . 


1891 
1891 

1891 
1891 


gnlls only. 
Macliinery. 

Hulls and 

machinery. 

Hulls and 

forgings. 
















under the control 
of the Mersey Docks 
and Harbor Board. 



294 



COALINa, DOCKING, AND EEKAIRING 

Particulars of docldng and repairing facUWu 



Name of port. 



Date. 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



Length. 



Over Over 
all. blocks. 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 
on sill, 

H. W. 
ordin'y 
springs. 



Rise of tide. 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



Liverpool, 

England — 
, Continued. 



1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 



1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 



1898 
1898 



Sandon: 

No.l 

No.2 

No.3 

No.4 

No.5 

No. 6 

Clarence: 

No.l— 

Outer 

Inner 

No.2— 

Outer 

Inner 

Princes 

Canning No. 1 

Canning No.'2 

Queen's No.l 

Queen's No.2 

Brunswick No.l 

Brunswick No.2 

Herculaneum No.l .. 
Herculaneum No. 2 . . 
Herculaneum No.3 .. 

ProiKised Dock 

Clarence Gridiron 

King's Ker Gridiron . 
Wet Docks: 



(L'gth) 



Feel. 
565 
565 
565 
665 
565 
565 



451 



454 
286 

2771 
436 
482 
465 
467 
460 
462 

758i 
753 
768 
921 

313J 

509 

(B'dth) 



Hornby Dock 

Hornby Branch Dock . 
Alexandra Dock 



Alexandra Branch 

Dock No. 3. 
Alexandra Branch 

Dock No. 2. 
Alexandra Branch 

Dock No. 1. 

Langton Dock , 

Langton Branch Dock.. 

Brocklebank Dock 



North Carriers' Dock . 
South Carriers' Dock . 
Canada Dock 



Feet. 
60 
70 
60 
70 
45 
45 



45 
45 

45 

32| 

45 

35} 

35* 

42 

70 

42 

42 

60 

60 

60 

90 

25J 

26 

50 
90 
50 

60 
60 



Huskisson Dock , 

Huskisson Branch 

Dock No. 2. 
Huskisson Branch 

Dock No.l. 

Sandon Dock 

Wellingtiin Half-Tide 

Dock. 
Wellington Dock 

Bramley-Moore Dock. . 

Nelson Dock 

Stanley Dock 

CoUingwood Dock 



Salisbury Dock 

Clarence Graving Dock 

Basin. 
Clarence Half-Tide Dock 

Clarence Dock 

Trafalgar Dock 

Victoria Dock 

West Waterloo Dock. 
East Waterloo Dock . 



Feet. 
221 
22J 
221 
22i 
221 
22J 



m 

191 

21f 

19J 

24A 

m 

20i 
221 
21S 
211 
22| 
22| 
22| 
28| 
21 



30| 

181 
30| 
30| 



65 
65 
60 
32 
20 
60 
10 
40 
100 
80 
45 



26A 
26A 
26A 
24f 
24t 
32| 
251 
24§ 



70 
70 
50 
70 
60 
60 
60 
51 
18 
60 
18 
60 
50 
18 
45 

44i 
50 
47 

44i 
45 
50 
60 
60 



IS 

25} 
24| 
248 
25} 
244 
161 

1§ 
25J 
25J 
161 

23/. 
23} 



25} 
26S 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 

of the foUmmng European ports — Continued. 



295 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities tor repairs 

to steamers. 



Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 



Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can be made. 



Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 



Castings : 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 



Remarks. 



Potter,W.H.,&Sons 
Rollo,D.,&Son8... 

Roydon,T.,& Sons.. 



1891 
1891 



Hulls only. 

Hulls and 
machinery. 

Hulls. 



iilG 



COALING, DOCKING, A?fD EEPAIKING 

Parliculars nf docking timl r^'pnirimj j'ltcililii'S 



Name of port. 



Date 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unle-ss 

otherwise stated.) 



Lengtli. 



Over Over 
all. blocks. 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 
on sill, 
H.W. 
ordin'y 
springs. 



Sp'gs. Nfiil^ 



Liverpool, 
England — 

Continued. 



Birkenhead, 

England. 



1898 
1898 



1898 
1898 



1898 
1898 
1898 



Wet Docks — Continued. 
I>rinces Halt-Tide Dock 



Prince's Dock 

George's Dock 

Manchester Dock 

Canning Dock 

Canning Hal f-Tide Dock 



Fcil. 



Albert Dock 

Salthouse Dock. 



Duke's Dock. 



Wapping Basin. 

WappingDock . 
King's Dock 



Queen's Hall-Tide Dock 



Queen's Dock 

TraftordDock 

CoburgDock 

Brunswick Branch Dock 



Brunswick Dock 

Brunswick Half-Tide 
Dock. 

Union Dock 

ToxtethDock 

Harrington Dock 

Herculaneum Dock 

Herculaneum Branch 

Dock. 
London & N. W. Rwv. 

Co.: 

Garston North Dock . 
Garston South Dock. 



West Float: 

No.l 

No. '2 

No.3 

Ironworks Docks 
Bros.): 



(Laird 



No.l. 

No. 2 

No.3 

No. 4 

No.5 

Clover, Clayton & Co.: 
No.l 



No. '2. 

No.S 

No.J 

No.S 

No.6 , 

Traumere 

Wet Docks: 

West Float... 
Basin near 
Works: 

W 

E , 



East Float . 



Canada 



1,000 
1,100 



300 
350 
450 
410 
420 

420 
220 
800 
370 
210 
400 
240 
(L'gth) 



120 i 



I 250 to 
t 400 
270 



930 
7SU 

7r>o 



Fnl. 



45 
iJO; 

15 
45 
45 
45 
45 
45 
40 
40 
40 
50 
50 
40 
50 
60 
42 
70 
50 
50 

m 

30 

70 

iio 

42 
45 

GO 
GO 
50 
60 
22 
CO 
.SO 
fiO 



417 
210 
280 
360 
200 



(B'dth) 



60 

-ISi 
85 



38 
43 
75 
80 
SO 

80 
34 
36 

42 
34 
80 
32 

100 



50 
50 
100 
SO 
50 



Firl. 
-I'o 



•-Mi 

18^4 
2415 



241 

•2oJ 
22} 
25 

24i 
24| 
24g 

-H 

24| 

^% 

•241 
25.1 

17A 
•245 
19a 
■25J 
■Mi 
248 

25i 

m 

268 



301 



1S{^ 
20A 
26tV 



17 
17 
25 
21 
21 

20 
16 
19 
17 
15 
20 
10 

2Gi 



N, '278 
M.27« 
S. 278 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 

0/ llii' JoUov:ing European ports — Continued. 



297 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities tor repairs 

to steamers. 



Date. 



Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 



Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can be made. 



Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 



Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 



Remarks. 



Al iaon , J . Gordon . 
Canada Works Eng'g 

and Shipbdg. Co. 
Clover, Clayton & Co. 
Cochran & Co 

Dickinson, Wm . . 
Laird Bros 

Thompson, T. W . 



1892 
1890 



1891 
1891 



1891 
1891 



1891 



Machinery 

Hulls and 

machinery. 

Hulls only 

Hulls and 

machinery. 

Small hulls 

Hulls and 

machinery. 

Hulls only 



Clover, Clayton & Co., 
have 25-ton cranes. 

Laird Bros, have 50- 
ton crane at No. 4 
Dock. 

West Float Docks: 
The depth on sills 
may be considered 
in no case to be less 
than 23 ft. 7 in., in 
consequence of the 
impounding ar- 
rangements of the 
West Float Dock. 
Largest vessels 
docked: In No. 1, 
520 by 57 ft., draught 
22 ft. 9 in.; in No. 2, 
420 by 47 ft. 6 in., 
draught 19 ft.; in 
No. 3, 620 by 66 ft., 
draught 26 ft. 2 in. 

Laird's Docks: Largest 
vessels docked: — In 
No. 3, H. M. S. Agin- 
court; in No. 4, 415 
by 45 ft.; in No. 5 
H. M.S. Mais. 



298 



COALING. DOCKING, AND REPAIBING 

I'((riicH!(ini of dockhuj and ri'pairing fadlilies 



Name of port. 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



Length. 



Over Over 
all. blocks. 



Width 
at. en- 
trance. 



Depth 
on sill, 
H.W. 
ordin'y 
springs. 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



Rise of tide. 



Birkenhead, 
England — 
Continued. 



Manchester, 

England. 

Port Ellesmere . . . 

Runcorn, England 



Weston Point, 

England. 



Preston, England 



Fleetwood, 

England. 



Lancaster, 

England. 



Barrow, England. 



1898 



Whitehaven, 

England. 



Workington, 

England. 



1898 



1898 
1898 



1891 



1898 



W^et Dock.s — Continued. 
Corn Warehouse Dock. 
Kwy. Companies' Basin 
Wellasey Dock 



Fret. 
(L'gth) 



Feel. 
(B'dth) 



Feet. 
30 



Peel. 
185 



Alfred Dock . 



Egerton Dock 

Morpeth Dock 

Rwy. Companies' Basin 
North Basin 



Mode Wheel 

Pontoon (2,100 tons) . 

Pontoon (3,000 tons). 



Wet Docks: 

Alfred Dock.. 
Fen ton Dock . 
Arnold Dock . 
Francis Dock. 

Old Dock 

Coal Basin 



W^et Docks: 

Delamere Dock. 



Tollemache Dock . 

Old Basin 

New Basin 



450 
260 

800 

(L'gth) 
657 
650 
2,160 
3,135 
390 
612 

(L'gth) 
411 



798 
640 



(L'gth) 
3,240 



Gridiron , 

(John Gibson & Sons.) 
Patent Slip 



Wet Dock . 



Glasson.-. 

Wet Docks: 

Glasson Dock. 

Canal Basin . . 



Dry Dock 

Depositing 

Patent Slip (500 tons) . 



Wet Docks: 

Ramsden Dock 

Cavendish Timber Dock 

Devonshire Dock 

Buccleugh Dock 



(L'gth) 
1,000 



197 

(L'gth) 

513 

2,000 



515 
242 
260 

(L'gth) 
9,000 



430 
260 

300 

(B'dth) 
129 
147 
58 
61 
81 
42 

(B'dth) 
204 



123 
111 



(B'dth) 
600 



310 

100 

(cradle) 

(B'dth) 

400 



184 

(B'dth) 

200 

1,000 



487 

242 

131 

(cradle) 

(B'dth) 

1,500 



49i 
N. 100 
M. 30 
S. 50 
70 
85 
25 
500 

65 
46 



60 
41 
255 
20 
23 
21 



Patent Slip (1,200 tons) .... 
(Whitehaven Shipbdg.Co.' 

Gridiron 

Wet Dock: 

Queens Dock 



Patent Slip (300 tons) 

(R. Williamson & Son.) 

Gridiron 

Wet Dock: 

Lonsdale Dock 



2,500 
8,000 



260 
(L'gth) 
576 



150 

60 

(L'gth) 

600 



252 
252 



200 
(cradle) 

m 

(B'dth) 
321 



120 
(cradle) 



(B'dth) 
300 



100 
80 



80 



36i 
21 
50 

30 
30 
40 



27| 

30| 

26J 
24i 



21J 
16i 



19 to 21 



20 
20 
15 
15 
15i 



26 



2U 
14 



22i 
17 



F'd,71; 

alt,13i. 

12 



F'd,5; 
aft, 12. 



No tides. 



25i 
25t 



25i 



16 



20J 



19 



20 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WOBLD. 

of the folloin/iij European ports — Continued. 



299 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repain; 

to steamers. 



Date. 



Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 



Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can be made. 



Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 



Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 



Remarks. 



Naval Construction 
and Armaments Co. 
Waddlngton & 

Longbottom. 
Westray, Copeland 

&Co. 



Lowca Eng*g C o . 
(Parton). 



Williamson, R., & 
Son. 



1891 



1891 
1891 



Hulls and 
machinery. 
Machinery. 

Machinery. 



Machinery 



1891 Hulls only 



Wooden shipbuilding 
carried on. 



Wooden shipbuilding 

carried on. 
Glasson Dock entered 

from Wet Dock. 



100-t»n and 35-ton 
cranes at the docks. 

Depositing Dock is in 
two sections, which 
can be used sepa- 
rately, and capable 
of lifting vessels of 
3,200 tons. Has 
lifted the Empress 
of China, 485 ft. 
long, high enough 
to get at screws. 



Patent Slip can take 
a vessel 250 ft. long. 



300 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Particulars of ilocktny ami repairing facilllii 



Nume of port. 



Maryport, 

England. 



Dumfries, 

Scotland. 

Campbeltown, 

Scotland. 



Ayr, Scotland. 



Troon, Scotland .. 



Irvine, Scotland . 



Ardrossan, 

Scotland. 



Gourock, 

Scotland, 



Greenock, 

Scotla.nd. 



Port Glasgow, 

Scotland. 



Date. 



1S9S 

1898 
1898 

1898 



1898 

1898 
1898 
1892 



1898 

1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 

1898 

1898 



1898 
1898 



Dock.s, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



Patent Slip (500 tous) . 



Gridiron 

Wet Docks: 

Senhouse . 

Elizabeth. 



Patent Slip (iiO tons) . 



Patent Slip (1,200 tons) . 
(S. McKnight & Co.) 

Wet Dock 



Ailsa Shipbuilding Co.: 

No.l 

No.2 

New Dock (buidling) . . . 



Wet Dock . 
None 



Dry Dock 

Patent Slip (400 tons) . 

Wet Docks: 

Old Dock 

Eglinton 



Patent Slips: 
40 tons... 



50 tons. . 
90 tons. 



Garvel Park 

Garvel Park (proposed) . . . 
Corporation, East Harbor. . 
Corporation, West Harbor . 

Caird&Co 

Cartsburn 

Patent Slip (350 tons) 



Patent Slip (2,000 tons) 
(Ross & Marshall.) 
Wet Docks: 

Albert Harbor 

West Harbor 

East India Harbor. 

Victoria Harbor . . . 

James Watt Dock. . 

Great Harbor 



Port Glasgow Dry Hook . 
Patent Slip (1,(500 tons) .. 



Length. 



Over Over 
all. blocks. 



Feel. 
200 

260 

(L'gth) 

850 

600 



(L'gth) 
630 



285 
220 
360 
(L'gth) 
370 



260 
430 
(L'gth) 
591 
720 



635 

700 

360i 

223} 

242J 



(L'gth) 



2,000 



:i25 
705 



lid. 
110 
(cradle) 



(B'dth) 
300 
240 

90 
(cradle) 



300 
(cradle) 
(B'dth) 
/ 360 
1 to 510 



2ai 

21S 



(B'dth) 
260 



260 

150 

(B'dth) 
290 
600 



60 
600 



356 

220 

242} 

3M 

100 

(cradle) 

ISO 

(cradle) 

(B'dth) 



300 



300 
(floor) 
280 
(cradle) 



Widtb 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 
on sill, 

H.W. 
ordin'y 
springs 



Feet. 
22 
(cradle) 



50 
50 

22 
(cradle) 



54 

(slip) 



Riseof tidj 



Sp'jT^. Neaps 



Feet. 
I 81 

\ m 

15 

25 
20 



F'd,9a 
nft, 14. 



11 

8 

16i 

20 



14 
6 
\ 10 

IS 



9 
8i 
9 
10 
104 
104 
12 



J ;;■ 

(ciiidle) 



20 
32 

'Jf 
154 
144 
6 
10 
15 
19 



154 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 

of the follovAng Ewropean ports — Continued. 



301 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 



Date. 



Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 



Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can be made. 



Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 



Casting.s: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 



Remarks. 



Ritson & Co 

Stantield, Cuthell 

& Co. (Phoenix 

Foundry) . 



1891 
1891 



Hulls only 
Machinery 



Campbeltown Ship- 
building Co. 

McKnight,S.,&Co.. 



Ailsa Shipbuilding 
Co. 



Gilmour.John H... 



Ardrossau Shipbdg. 
Co. 



1891 
1891 



.1895 
1891 



Hulls only 
Hulls only 

Hulls only 

Small hulls 
Hulls only 



Caird&Co 

Cooper, H.B.,& Co 
Kincaid & Co 

Montgomery, R ... 
Scott & Co 

White, Wm.,& Co. 



Blackwood & Gor- 
don. 

Dtmcan, Robt., &Co 

Dunlop, David J.,& 
Co. 

Hamilton, Wm., & 
Co. 

Murdoch & Murray . 

Reid, John, & Co 

Rodger, A., & Co .... 

Russell & Co 

Wm.Baird&Co 

Caledonian R. R. Lo- 
comotive Works. 

Dabs&Co 

Mavor & Coulson . . . 



1891 
1891 



1891 
1891 



1891 



1891 
1891 

1891 

1891 
1891 
1892 
1891 
1895 
1895 

1895 
1895 



Hulls and 
machinery. 
Machinery, 
Hulls and 
machinery. 
Machinery, 
Hulls and 
machinery. 
Machinery, 



Hulls and 
machinery. 

Hulls only. 

Hulls and 
machinery. 

Hulls only. 

Hulls only. 

Hulls only. 

Hulls only. 

Hulls only. 
Machinery 
Machinery. 

Machinery, 
Elect.mach 



Gridiron can take a 
vessel 250 ft. long 
and 14 ft. draught. 



50-ton sheers. 



30-ton and 20-ton 

cranes. 
Largest vessel vet 

docked, 280 ft. long. 



Steam hoists and 
cranes. 

Largest vessel docked 
1,500 tons, 260 ft. by 
37 ft. by 18 ft. 



Caird & Co.'s Dock 
is entered from an 
accommodation 
Basin, 338 ft. long 
and 62i ft. wide at 
entrance. 

Largest vessel docked, 
in Cartsbum Dock, 
345 ft. by 41 ft., 
draught 14 ft. 



Largest vessel docked, 
321 ft. by 36 ft., 
draught 13 ft. 4 in. 



Several cranes up to 
20 tons; alsol60-tou 
crane. 



302 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Particulars of docMng and repairing facUHies 



Name of port. 



Date. 



Docts, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



Length. 



Over Over 
all. blocks. 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 
on sill, 
H. W. 
ordin'y 
springs. 



Else of tide. 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



Dumharton, 

Scotland. 



Glasgow,Scotland 



1898 
189S 



Dry Dock 

(A. McMUlan & Son.) 



Clyde Trustees: 

No.l 

No. 2 

No.3 

D. & W. Henderson 

Patent Slips: 

D. & W. Henderson- 
No. 1 (1,000 tons) . . 



J. Shearer & Sons — 
No. 2 (1,200 tons). 

A. & J. Inglls — 

No. 3 {2,000 tons) . 

J. Shearer & Sons- 
No. 4 (450 tons)... 



Bowling- 
No. 1.... 



No. 2. 



Wet Docks: 

Queen's Dock . . 
Prince's Dock . . 
Kingston Dock . 



Feet. 
300 



658 
575 
885 
500 



JPeet. 



551 
559 
865 
474 



208 
(cradle) 

275 
(cradle) 

270 
(cradle) 

200 
(cradle) 

ISO 

(cradle) 

90 

(cradle) 



72 

67 

83 

54i 

51 

57 

57 

42 



43 
^cradle) 

26 
(cradle) 



Feet. 
13 



22J 

26| 
18 



8i 
15 

8i 
15i 

17i 
24 

6 
10 

5 
U 

5 
10 



lOJ 



Ui 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 

of the following European ports — Continued. 



303 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

laoillties for repairs 

to steamers. 



Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 



Shafts: DU 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can be made. 



Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 



Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 



Remarks. 



(Whiteinch.) 
ig,A.I'.,&C!o. 



Denny, Wm., &Bros 

McMillan, A., & Son. 

Murray Bros 

Paul, Mathew & Co. 

Abercom Shij)bmld- 

ing Co. (Paisley) . 

Alley & Maclellan . 

(Polmadie.) 
Anderson & Lyall. . . 

(Govan.) 

Barclay, Curie & Co 

(Whiteinch and 

Stobcross.) 

BoTV, McLachlan & 

Co. (Paisley). 
Burnet (Lindsay) & 
Co. (Govan) . 

Burrell&Son 

(Port Dundas.) 
Cameron , Mills & Co 
Campbell & Calder- 

wood (Paisley). 
Coniiell,Chas.,&Co 

(V 

Craig, 

(Paisley.) 
Dunsmuir & Jack- 
son (Govan). 
Fairfield Shipbdg. 
and Eng'g Co. 
(Govan.) 
Ferguson, Thos., & 
Son (Parkhead). 

Fisher & Co 

(PaisleyJ 
Fleming & Fergu- 
son (Paisley). 
FuUerton, John, & 

Co. (Paisley). 
Gilmour, John, & Co. 
(Paisley.) 

Hanna, Donald & 
Wilson (Paisley). 
Harvey, Eobt., & Co 
(Parkgrove Wks.) 
Haythorn & Stuart. 
(Eastwood Engine 

Works.) 
Henderson, D. & W., 

&Co. (Partick). 
Howden, Jas., & Co 
Hume, Jas. S., & Co. 
Hutcheson, Archbd 
Hutson & Corbett . . 
(Kelvinhaugh.) 

IngliSjA.&J 

(Partick.) 

Kemp,Wm. (Govan) 

King,Wm., &Co... 

Lees, Anderson & Co. 

Lobnitz&Co... 

(Renfrew.) 

London and Glasgow 

. Engineering and 

Iron Shipbdg. Co. 

McArthur,J.,&Co. 

(Paisley.) 
Mackie & Thomson 

(Govan.) 

Marriott & Graham 

(Govan.) 

Mechan & Son , 

Mulr& Caldwell..., 
Muir & Houston . . . , 



1891 

1891 
1891 
1891 

1891 

1891 

1891 

1891 

1891 

1891 

1891 

1891 
1891 

1891 

1891 

1891 

1891 

1891 
1891 
1891 
1891 
1892 

1891 



1891 

1891 
1891 
1891 
1891 

1891 

1891 
1891 
1891 
1891 

1891 



1891 

1891 

1892 

189X 
1891 
1891 



Hulls and 
machinery. 
Hulls only 
Hulls only. 
Machinery. 

Hulls only 

Machinery. 

Machinery, 

Hulls and 
machinery. 

Hulls and 
machinery. 
Hulls and 
machinery. 
Hulls only. 

Machinery. 
Machinery. 

Hulls only. 

Machinery. 

Machinery. 

Hulls and 
machinery. 

Machinery. 

Machinery. 

Hulls and 
machinery. 
Hulls only. 

Machinery. 

Machinery. 

Machinery. 

Hull and 
engine re- 
pairs. 
Hulls and 
machinery. 
Machinery. 
Machinery. 
Machinery. 
Machinery. 

Hulls and 
machinery. 
Machinery. 
Machinery. 
Machinery. 

Hulls and 
machinery. 

Hulls and 
machinery. 

Hulls only. 

Hulls only. 

Machinery, 

Machinery. 
Machinery. 
Machinery. 



100-ton sheers. 
20-ton crane. 



Clyde Navigation 
Trust have 75-ton, 
60-ton, 50-ton, 40- 
ton, and 3 - 1 n 
cranes. 

Fairfield Shipbuild- 
ing and Engineer- 
ing Co. have 80-ton 
sheers. 

No. 3 Dock is divided 
by gates into two 
lengths of 460 and 
420 ft., respectively, 
the side walls of 
these gates being 
constructed so as 
not to contract the 
width of the dock. 
It is entered 
through the Princes' 
Tidal Basin. Hen- 
derson's Dock is at 
Pa-tick. Largest 
vessels docked: In 
Trustees' No. 1, Rus- 
sian man-of-war Pe- 
ter the Great, 8,750 
tons, 330 ft. by 63 
ft., draught 21 ft. 
7 in.; in No. 2, City 
of Rome, 8,144 
tons, 660 ft. by 52 



ft., draught 22 



T 



50 - ton and 20 - ton 
cranes. 



80-ton sheers; 20-ton 
crane. 



304 



COALLNG, DOCKING, AND EEPAIRING 

Partieulfirs of docting and repairing facilities 



Njune of port. 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry (Jocks, Tinless 

otherwise stated.) 



Length. 



Over Over 
all. blocks. 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 
on sill, 

H. W. 
ordin'y 
springs. 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



Rise of tide. 



Fn1. 



JPeet. 



Feel. 



Glasgow, 
Scotland — 
Continued. 



Stomoway, 
Island of Lewis. 
Hebrides. 

liOndonderry, 

Ireland. 

Lame, Ireland . . . 



Carrickfergus, 

Ireland. 



Belfast, Ireland .. 



Patent Slip (700 tons) . 
(A. McEenzie.) 



Londonderry Dry Dock . 



Olderfleet Patent Slip (250 
tons) . 

Paul Eodgers & Co.: 

Dry Dock 

Patent Slip (400 tons) ... 



1898 
1898 
1898 



No.l 

No.2 

Hamilton 

Alexandra 

Wet Docks: 

Duflerin Dock . . . 

Princess Dock . . . 

Clarendon Dock . 

Abercorn Basin . . 

Milwater Basin.. 

Branch Dock 

York Dock 



450 



165 
3S0 



252 

299 

474 

826 

(L'gth) 

633 

640 

810 

640 

780 

1,000 

1,581 



Warrenpoint, 

Ireland. 



1898 



Patent Slip (200 tons) . 



140 
(cradle) 



104 
(cradle) 



95 
(cradle) 

245 
2S7 
450 
800 
(B'dth) 
222 
222 
192 
730 
156 
240 
240 

101 
(cradle) 



24 F'd.lO; I3t 
aft, IS, 



50 



83 

40 

^cradle) 

29 
36 
60 
80 

60 
60 
50 



157 
100 
100 



15» 



8t 
Fd, 8; 
aft, 9. 



10» 
16J 
25J 

22 
16 to 19 



94 
7S 5) 



6S 



9i 



Hi 



6J 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 

of the following European ports — Continued. 



305 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts; Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can be made. 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 


Remarks. 


Napier, Robt., & 


1891 


Hulls and 










Sons. 




machinery. 










Napier, Shanks & 


1891 


Hulls only. 










Bell (Yoker) . 
Nellson, Jas., & Son . 


1892 


Machinery. 










Hicholson, Alex., & 


1891 


Machinery. 










Co. (Crownpoint 














Works). 














Pringle & Morrison . 


1892 


Machinery. 










Reid,Thos.,&Sons.. 


1891 


Machinery. 










(Paisley.) 
EOSS& Duncan 














1891 


Machinery. 










(Govan.) 














Rowan, D.,& Son ... 


1891 


Machinery. 










Scott &Co 


1891 


Hulls. 
























Scott, Thos.,Sons & 


1891 


Machinery. 










Watts. 














Seath,Th08.B 


1891 


Hulls only. 










(Rutherglen.) 














Shearer, John, & Son 


1892 


Hulls only. 










Simons, Wm.,& Co.. 














1891 


Hulls and 










(Renfrew.) 
Smith Bros. «& Co.... 




machinery. 










1891 


Machinery. 
Hulls and 










Stephen, Alex., & 


1891 










Sons (Govan). 




machinery. 










Stewart, Duncan & 

Co. 
SwanfWm.,c&Co.... 


1891 


Machinery. 










1891 


Hulls only. 










(Maryhill.) 

Thomson, Jas. & Geo. 

(Clydebank.) 


1891 


Hulls and 
machinery. 








120-ton sheers. 










Thomson, John & 


1891 


Machinery. 










James. 














Walker, Henderson 


1891 


Machinery. 










&Co. 














Wallace, Hugh, & Co. 


1891 


Machinery. 










Weir, G.&J 


1891 


Machinery. 










(Cathcart.) 














Fullerton, Hodgart 














& Barclay. 














Vulcan Works 


1895 


Machinery. 










(Paisley.) 


1898 










Wooden shipbuilding 














carried on. 


Bigger, Chas. J 


1891 


Hulls only 








60-ton steam crane in 


(Foyle Shipyard.) 












harbor. 


Rodgers, Paul,& Co. 


1891 


Hulls only 










Coates, Victor, & Co. 
Grant,D.& W 


1891 


Machinery. 








100- ton crane at Alex- 


1891 


Machinery. 








andra Dry Dock. 


Greenhill,J.H 


1891 


Machinery. 








Alexandra Dock can 


Harland&Wolf .... 


1891 


Hulls and 
machinery. 








be divided into 
three sections, 300, 


McHwaine & Mc- 


1891 


Hulls and 








200, and 300 ft. long, 


CoU (Ulster Iron 
Works). 
Workman, Clark & 




machinery. 








respectively. 


1891 


Hulls only. 










Co. 





























12477 20 



306 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Pnrliculars of docking and repairing facilities 



Name of port. 



Date. 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



Length. 



Over Over 
all. blocks. 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 
on sill, 

H.W. 
ordin'y 
springs. 



Rise of tide. 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



Newry, Ireland. . 
Dundalk, Ireland 



Dublin, Ireland.. 



Wexford, Ireland. 



Waterford, Ireland 



Queenstown, 
Haulbowline, 
Passage West, 
and Cork, 
Ireland. 



Limerick, Ireland 



Gahvay, Ireland. 



SI igo, Ireland. 



Reikiavik, 

Iceland. 



Solovetski, Russia 



Archangel, 

Russia. 

Vadso, Norway . . . 



1898 



1898 
1898 



1898 



1898 



1891 



]8!>1 
1899 



Wet Dock 

Dundalk I'atonl Slip (700 
tons.) 



North Wall No. 1 . . 
Grand Canal: 

No. 2 

No. 3 

No.4 

Patent Slip: 

No. 1 (200 tons) 



(L'gth) 
3,250 



265 
167 
101 



Fed. 
(B'dth) 
360 

165 
(cradle) 



No. 2 (450 tons) . 



Gridiron 

AVct Books: 

Ale.xnndra Basin 

Grand Canal Dock . . . 

Royal Canal Dock . . . 
Georges Dock: 

Inner 

Outer 

Old Custom House Dock . 
Spencer Dock: 

Inner 

Outer 



250 
150 



76 

(cradle) 

153 

(cradle) 



Feet. 

40 

70 

35 

35 
221 

29 

36i 



(L'gth) 



(B'dth) 



F\xl. 

17 

8 
11 

18{ 

12 
12 

n 

51 
9i 
6i 
13i 
9 



3,015 
756 

6,51 
321 

417 

1,710 
800 



Patent Slip (400 tons) . 



300 
258 
216 

90 
100 

90 
(cradle) 



35 

27 

35i 

35i 

35 



171 
15 

161 
171 
16 



I 26 

58 



(131 to 



161 



H. B. M. Dockyard (Haul- 
bowline): 

Basin Entrance 

No.lDock 

Rushbrooke (opposite 
Monkstown) . 

Gridiron attached 

Royal Victoria Dock (Pas- 
sage West) . 

Albert Treble Dry Dock . . . . 
(Passage West.) 

Water Street Patent Slip 
(250 tons) . 

Patent Slip (250 tons) 

(Cork.) 

Gridiron iCork) 

Gridiron (opposite Passage) 

Limerick Dry Dock 

Patent Slip (not in use) 



Wet Dock.. 
Wet Docks: 

Old.... 

New - . . 



720 
425i 
430 

130 
377 

260 
104 
193 



408} 



SOO 
250 



428 
500 



130 
(cradle) 

120 
(cradle) 



400 



810 
(L'gth) 

350 



390 

(B'dth) 

580 

160 



54 



(cradle) 
35 

(cradle) 
40 
40 

45 
30 



32! 

32} 

16 



17 
rd,13: 
aft, 18. 



161 
24 



None . 
None . 



Dry Dock. 



171 



27} 



Dry Dock (building) 
None 



280 



121 



22 



114 
10 



12j 



91 



ISj 



131 



21 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 

of the following Eurapnni pnrix — ("n:: i:Hie(L 



307 



Shipyarrls, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 



Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 



Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can be made. 



Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 



Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 



Bewley , Webb & Co 
Koss &, Walpole 



1891 
1891 



Hulls and 
machinery. 
Machinery, 



H.B.M. Dockyard. 
(Haulbowline.) 



None. 



Wooden shipbuilding 
carried on. 

Entrance locks to 
Canal Dry Docks 
are l.W ft. long (for 
Nos. land 2) and 120 
ft. long (tor No. 3). 

The Grand Canal 
Docks are capable 
of docking vessels 
up to 600 tons, but 
the length of the 
entrance chamber 
being only 150 ft, 
long, vessels can not 
get into the docks. 



Wooden shipbuilding 
carried on. 

One small machine 
shop. 

80-ton sheers at Vic- 
toria Dry Dock, 
Passage West; 50- 
ton sheers at Har- 
bor Commissioners' 
Yard, Cork; facili- 
ties for iron sliip- 
building and repair- 
ing at Cork; several 
machine shops at 
Queenstown. 

If caisson is in outer 
stop, add 17 ft. 9 in. 
to length on blocks, 
No. 1 Dock (Haul- 
bowline) . 



Facilities for ordinary 
repairs. 



Largest vessel docked, 
165 ft. long, 27 ft. 
beam, 9 ft. draught. 
3 vessels can be 
docked at a time. 



308 



COALING, DOCKING, AND EEPAIEIN6 

Particulars of docking and repairing facilities 



Name of port. 


Date. 


Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 


Length. 


Width 
at en- 
trance. 


Depth 
on sill, 

H.W. 
ordin'y 
springs. 


Hiseof tide. 


Over 
all. 


Over 
blocks. 


Sp'gs. 


Neaps 


Vardo, Norway . . . 
Ha mm erf est 


1899 

1899 

1899 
1899 

1899 

1899 

1898 
1898 

1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 

1898 
1898 
1898 

1898 

1898 

1898 




Fid. 


Feet. 


Feet. 


Feet. 




- 


None 














Norway. 
Tromso, Norway.. 


Patent Slip (550 tons) 

Five small slips (200 to 300 
tons) . 


220 


200 
(cradle) 


38 
(cradle) 




8 


6 














Common slipway (for ves- 
sels of 300 tons register) . 

No.l 














Trondhjem, 

Norway. 


260 
300 

210 
130 
180 
250 

269i 
320 
249 


256 
295 


50 
55 


14 
15 


8J 

8 
4 


4 


No. 2 


Christiansund, 


Sevrevargens Patent Slip. . . 
Meltemvoerftet Patent Slip 
Nedrekrauen Patent Slip. . . 
Bjornehagens Patent Slip - . 

Bergen Mek. Werkstad 

Laxevaags 


Norway. 
























Bergen, Norway .. 


265i 


40 
43 
41 

20 
(cradle) 

32 
(cradle) 


11 
16i 
12I 

f 10 
I 15 
f lOJ 
1 18 

t 18 






230 

150 
(cradle) 

220 
(cradle) 

250 
(cradle) 




Patent Slips: 

No. 1 (1 000 tons) 




No. 2 






Laxevaag's (2,000 tons) . 




Haugesund, 

Norway. 

Stavanger, 






1898 
1898 

1899 
1899 

1899 


No.l . . 


290 
200 


272 


43 
38 


12 
13 


4 




No.2 


Egensund, 

Norway. 

Flckkeflord, 






None 














Norway. 
Farsund, Norway. 


None 































FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WOULD. 

0/ the following European ports — Continued. 



309 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facifities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
canbemade. 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings : 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 


Remarks. 




1889 
1889 
1898 










No facilities for re 












pairs to machinery; 
small repairs to 
hulls may be un- 
dertaken. 

Some facilities for 


Knapp-Fasse 


Small 


Turn Sift.. 






strengthening ves- 
sels tor ice naviga- 
tion, and for small 
repairs to machin- 
ery. 

Facilities for small 






repairs to hulls and 
machinery. 


None 


1889 

1889 
1891 
1898 

1898 
1898 

1898 
1898 










Repairs to wooden 
vessels. 

30-ton sheers at Dry 
Docks. 

At Trondhjem are all 
facilities tor repairs 
to hull and machin- 
ery of sliips of such 
size as can be ac- 
commodated in the 
Dry Docks. 

20-ton and 1 .5 - 1 n 


Norwegian Govt. 

Dockyard. 
Nidelvens Meka- 

niske Vaerksted. 
Trondhiems Me- 

kanlste Vaerksted. 


Small 








Hulls only. 

Hulls and 
machinery. 


18 in 


18 in 


12 tons. 


Bergens Mekaniske 
Vsrksted. 

Laxevaags Maskin & 
Jemskibbyggeri. 

Govt. Dockyard 


Hulls and 
machinery; 
large. 

Hulls and 
machinery; 
large. 
Small. 


12in.diam., 
20 ft. long. 

Uin.diam., 
29 ft. long. 


12 In 

14in 


10 tons... 
17 tons. 


cranes. Small re- 
pairs to machinery. 

Largest vessels 
docked: In Bergen, 
2,800 tons; in Laxe- 
vaag's, 313 by 41 ft. 
by 20; in Dekke's, 
248 by 32 ft., draught 
19 ft. 

In addition to the 
two establishments 
named, there are 
2small repairs hops 
and several foun- 
dries. 


Stavanger Stoben & 
Dok (Foundry & 
Dock Co.). 


1898 


Hulls and 
machinery. 








The Foundry and 
Dock Co. builds ves- 
sels of about 700 
tons, and under- 
takes repairs of con- 
siderable size; 18- 
ton crane. 










1898 
1898 










Facilities for repairs 
to machinery are 
small, but to hull 
good. 

No iron vessel can be 
repaired and only 
wooden ships up to 
1,000 tons register. 























310 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Pariicalars of docking and repairing facililies 



Name of port 


Date. 


Bocks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 


Length. 


Width 
at en- 
trance. 


Depth 
onsUl, 

H.W. 
ordin'y 
springs. 


Rise of tide. 


Over 
all. 


Over 
blocks. 


Sp'gs. 


Neaps 




1S9S 




lixL 


IkeL 


fteet 


f^xL 






Ctristiansand , 


Govt. Drv Dock 


32-t 


309 


89 


17 


Xotl 


Jos. . . 


Nonvay. 




Norway. 
Areudal. Norway 


1898 
















Pors^rund and 
Sfeieu, Norway. 
















1899 

















Kragero, Norway- . 




















































Frederiksvaem, 
Norway. 

Sandefiord, 


1S9S 

1898 

1898 

1898 


Floating, 2 sections : 

No. 1 (800 tons) 


142 
108 




46 
46 
















No. 2 (600 tons) 




Tonsberg, 


None 




Norway. 
Horten, Norway.. 

Drammen, 


Carl Johansvaern's (Govt.) .. 
Patent Slip (130 tons) 


354 


257 

76 
(cradle) 


60 
} 


23 

f 9S 
( 6i 


Noti 


des... 


Norway. 











FACILITIES OF THE POETS OF THE WORLD. 
0/ the foUoiinng European ports — Continued. 



311 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., haying 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 



Date. 



Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

smLall. 



Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 

length of 
largest that 
can be made. 



Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 



Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 



Remarks. 



Christiansands Me- 

kaniske Vserksted. 

Govt. Dockyard 



Hulls and 
machinery, 
Small. 



1886 



1886 



Govt. Dockyard... 
(Frederiksvaem) . 



Framm^s M e k a - 
niske Vffirkstad. ■ 



Large. 



15 ft. long. 



Any size . 



3 tons 



Govt. Dockyard. 



Large, of 
all kinds. 



Wharf for repairs to 
wooden ships, but 
no mechanical 
works. 

Small vessels are 
built and all ordi- 
nary repairs under- 
taken. 

Repairs of all kinds 
can be executed 



Facilities for all re- 
pairs. 

Facilities for minor 
repairs. Vessels re- 
quiring large re- 
pairs to iron hull or 
machinery must 
proceed to Chrls- 
tiania. 

Facilities for repairs 
of wooden sailing 
vessels, butnone for 
repairing machin- 
ery or iron hulls. 

Repairs to steamers on 
a small scale can be 
executed. 

Two shipyards where 
wooden vessels can 
be repaired. 



Floating Docks can 
be used singly or 
together. No. 1 has 
a lifting capacity 
of 800 tons; No. 2, 
of 500 tpns. Larg- 
est vessel docked, 
280 ft. by 35 ft. by 
22 ft. 



Engine-building 
works; small re- 
pairs. 



30-ton sheers. 

The length of the 
dock "on blocks" 
can be increased to 
275, 287, 300, or 314 
ft. by placing the 
caisson in one or 
other of the outer 
stops. It is only 
available to mer- 
chant vessels in 
exceptional cases. 



Excellent facilities 
for repairs to en- 
gines and boilers. 



312 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIBIN6 

Particulars of docking and repairing facilities 





Date. 


Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, nnless 

otherwise stated.) 


Length. 


Width 
at en- 
trance. 


Depth 
on sill, 

H.W. 
ordln'y 
springs. 


Rise of tide. 




Over 
all. 


Over 
blocks. 


Sp'gs. 


Neap> 




1898 
1898 
1898 

1898 




Feet 
271 

200 
150 


Feet. 
266 


itef. 
43i 

46J 
47 


14i 

16i 
16i 


Noti 


des... 


Norway. 


Nylands Floating: 

No 1 




No.2 




Moss, Norway 


Patent Slip (200tons) 


















Norway, 
Frederikshald, 








• 










Norway. 
Frederikshavn, 


1899 

1898 
1898 

1898 

1899 
1898 

1898 
1898 
1898 

1891 


None .... 














Denmark. 

Gothenburg, 

Sweden. 




350 


325 

220 
(cradle) 

186 
(cradle) 

226 
(cradle) 

158 
(cradle) 


48i 

38 
(cradle) 

34 
(cradle) 

37 
(cradle) 

37 
(cradle) 


19i 

il 

f 9i 
1 18 


Noti 


des. . . 


Patent Slips : 

Lindhohnens — 

No.l (1,000 tons) 




No. 2 (500 tons) 




Warberg, Sweden. 


Goteborg— 

No.l (1,000 tons).-.. 

No. 2 (500 tons) 


660 
628 


Helsingborg, 

Sweden. 

Elsinore, 

Denmark. 


Helsingborg Dry Dock 

New Dock (building) 

Elsinore Dry Dock 


276 

879 
335 
700 


275 

367 

320 

250 

(cradle) 


44i 

57 

43 

22 

(cradle) 


16 

18 
14 

F'd, 8; 

aft, 18. 


Noti 
Noti 


des... 
les. . . 


LandskTona, 


Patent SUp (750 tons) 


Sweden. 

















FACILITIES OF THE POETS OF THE WORLD. 

0/ 1 II e- following European ports — Continued. 



313 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can be made. 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 


Remarks. 


Akerg Mekaniske 
Veerksted. 

Nylands Mekaniske 
Vserksted. 

Moss Jemstoberi & 
Mekaniske Vserk- 
sted. 

Prederikstads Me- 
kaniske Vserksted. 


1898 
1898 

1898 
1898 
1898 


Hulls and 
machinery 

large. 

Hulls and 
machinery 

large. 

Hulls and 
machinery. 

Hulls and 
machinery. 


Turn 14 in. 
diam., 21 J 
ft. long. 

Turn 24 in. 
diam., 24 
ft, long. 


12 in 

Any size 


3 tons 

12 tons. . - 


,50-ten sheers; 75-ton 
floating derrick. 

35-ton sheers; 60-ton 
steam derrick. 

The Floating Docks 
can be worked 
either separately 

. or together, and 
will take vessels 
up to 4,500 tons. . 

Largest vessels 
docked: In Akers, 
258 ft. by 32 ft, 

! draught 22 ft.; In 
Nylands, 325 ft. by 

.42 ft. 






' 


and engined, and 
,all ordinary repairs 
undertaken. 








and engined, and 
all ordinary repairs 
undertaken. 

One machine shop; 
ordinary repairs. 












Lindholmens Verk- 
stads Aktielslag. 

Goteborgs , Meka- 
niska Verkstads 
Aktielslag. 

Lundby Mekaniska 
Werkstads Aktie- 
bolag. 

Thorskogs Meka- 
niska Werkstads. 

Wilhelmsbergs Me- 
kaniska Werk- 
stads Aktiebolag. 
-Eriksbergs Meka^ 
n i s k a Werkstads 
Aktiebolag. 


1898 
1898 

1892 

1892 
1892 

1892 

1898 
1898 

1898 


Large 

Large 

Machinery. 

Hulls and 
machinery. 
Machinery. 

Hulls and 
machinery. 


15 in. diam., 
22 ft. long. 

15 in. diam., 
28 ft, long. 


16 in 

Any size 


4 tons 

20 tons... 


These two firms un- 

1 take repairs of all 

f kinds to machinery, 

boilers, shafts, etc. 

i 

Small repairs can be 
executed. 

Shipyard and me- 
chanical works in 
connection with 
Dry Dock afford 
facilities for all 

. ordinary repairs. 

45-ton sheers. 

Largest vessel 
docked, 5,280 tons, 
330 ft. by 42 ft. 9 in. 












Helsingors Jern- 
skibs & Maskin- 
byggeri. 


Hulls and! 
machinery; 
large. 


Turn 30 ft. 
long, 60 in. 
stock. 


Any size 


25 tons... 

















314 



COALING, BOOKING, AND REPAIRING 

ParliciUars of <locking and repairing facilities 



Xame of port. 



Date. 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



Length. 



Over OTer 
all. blocks. 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 
on sill, 
H.W. 
oidin'y 
springs. 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



Eiseof tidt 



Copenhagen, 

Denmtirk. 



Aorhuus, 

Denmark. 

Kolding, 

Denmark. 



Denmark. 

Svendborg, 

Denmark. 

Nyborg, 

Denmark. 

Eudkjobing, 

Denmark. 

Faaborg, 

Denmark. 



Marstal, 

Denmark. 

Fredericia, 

Denmark. 

Esbjergj^ 

Denmark. 

Malmo, Sweden ,. 

Limhalm, 

Sweden. 

Ystad, Sweden ... 



Solvesborg, 

Sweden. 



Eonne, 

Id. of Bornholm, 
Denmark. 



Nexoe, 

Id. of Bornholm, 
Denmark. 



1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 
1S9S 
1S9S 



189S 
1S98 
1S9S 



1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 



1898 
1898 



1898 
1898 



1891 



Govt 

Burmeister & Wain's 

Gamle 

Floating (Govt.) 

Govt. Floating No. 2 

Copenhagen Floating Dock 

and Wharf Co.'s Floating 

Dock. 

Patent Slip (Govt.) 

(1,870 tons.) 
Patent Shps: 

Bermeister & Wain — 
No.l (2,800tons) 



No. 2 (2,000 tons) 

No. 3 (2,000 tons) 

Patent Slips: 

300 tons 



Patent Slip . 



Patent Slip (150 tons) 
Patent Slip (150 tons) 
Patent Slip (300 tons) 
Patent Slip (260 tons) 

PatentSlip 

Patent Slip (200 tons) . 
Patent Slip ("jriO tons) , 
Basin 



Wet Dock . 



Harbor Commissioneis. 
Patent Slip (1,700 tons) . 
(Kockums.) 

Dry Dock 



Patent Slip (BOO tons) 



Dry Dock. 



Feet. 
288 
469i 
232 
106i 
lis 
296 



412 
cradle 



350 
350 
360 

136 
130 



Fed. 
273 
450 
218 



Slipway, hand power (for 
vessels of 200 tons register) 



Dry Dock. 



309 

(cradle) 
247 

(cradle) 
247 

(cradle) 

105 

(cradle) 

90 

(cradle) 



(cradle) 

100 
(cradle) 



210 
400 



117 
250 



ISO 



200 by 
800 

210 
230 



175 
(cradle) 

270 



170 



170 



Fixl. 

69t 
66 
52 

27J 
81 

55i 



23 
(cradle) 



55 
(cradle) 

56 
(cradle) 

56 
(cradle) 



Feet. 
201 
23i 
15? 



No tides. 



Aft, 19 
Aft, 17 
Aft, 17 

f 6 

I !■» 
I 3i 

I S 



32 
(cradle) 



G4 



30 
(cradle) 



44i 



ISi 



5i 



14i 



No tides. . . 



12t 



IPACILITIES OP .THE POETS OF THE WOELD. 

of the foUovnng European porta — Continued. 



315 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can be made. 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 


J I 


Royal Dockyard 

Burmeister & Wain . 


1898 
1898 


Hulls built; 
machinery 
repaired. 

Hulls and 
machin- 
ery; large. 








75-ton and 45-ton 


ISin.diam., 
forged and 
turned, 40 
It. long. 


Any size 


25 tons... 


sheers, and 35-ton 
crane at dockyard; 
45-ton floating der- 
rick in harbor. 
In addition to this 
establishment, 
which undertakes 
work of the largest 
class, there are 
several smaller re- 
pair shops. Bur- 
meister <s Wain's 
Dock can be di- 
vided into two sec- 
tions, 270 ft. 9 in. 
and 169 ft. 3 In. long. 
The depths on the 
sills of the Private 
Docks are given to 
the mean height of 
the water. 
















Small 


1898 










Two machine shops. 












Small 


1898 
















































































Kockums Meka- 
niska Werkstads 
Aktiebolag. 


1898 


Hulls and 
machin- 
ery; large. 








Repairs of every kind. 








Lion Foundry and 
Engineering 
Works. 


1898 


Large 






















1883 










One large machine 
shop. 



























316 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Particulars of docking and r^airing facilities 



Name of port. 



Date. 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



Length. 



Over Over 
all. blocks. 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 
on sill, 

H.W. 
ordin'y 
springs. 



Rise of tide. 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



Karlskrona, 

•Sweden. 



Kalmar, Sweden. . 



Oseaishanm, 

Sweden. 



Westervik, 

Sweden. 



Norrkoping, 

Sweden. 

Sllte, 
Id. of Gothland, 
Sweden. 



Stockholm, 

Sweden. 



1895 

1898 

1898 
1891 



1898 
1898 
1898 



Oregrund, Sweden 



Gefle, Sweden 



Soderhamn, 

Sweden. 



Sundsrall, 

Sweden. 



Hemosand, 

Sweden. 



1898 
1898 



1898 



Govt., Old 

No.l 

No.2 

No.3 

No.4 

No.5 

Torpedo Boat SUp. 



Patent Slip (500 tons) 



225i 
182 
253 
192 
203 
203 



Feet. 



45i 
46 
5U 
461 
46 
46 



Feet. 
174 
19i 
19i 
20 
20 
20 



No tides,. 



195 
(cradle) 



Oscarshanm Dry Dock . . 
Oscarshamn Dock, No. 2. 



355 
157A 



Patent Slip (500 tons) , 



150 
(cradle) 



Dry Dock (Motala Co.) . 
None 



60 
(slip) 

49 
49 



(ctadle) 
34 



15 
ISA 



{ 1^ 



No tides. . 



No tides. 



^.dmiralty 

OstraDockan 

VestiaDockau 

Lindberg's Pontoon 

Knboda SUp (1,500 tons) . . 

Bergsund's Slip (430 tons) . 

Malarefvarfet Slip: 

No.l (280 tons) 



292 
340 



No. 2 (110 tons) . 



Ekensbeig Slip (150 tons) . 



Patent Slip (100 tons) . . 

(Bomhoswars.) 
Patent Slip (1,250 tons) . 
(Atlas.) 



Patent Slip. 



Sunds Bruk Patent Slip . 
(Sunds Aktiebolag.) 



Patent Slip (150 tons) 

(Hemosands Mekaniska 
Werkstad.) 



200 
900 



325 
320 
243 
225 

(cradle) 
136 

(cradle) 

100 
(cradle) 

100 
(cradle) 



55) 
55 
35 



44 
218 



175 
(cradle) 



(cradle) 



J-;- 



36i 



27 
(cradle) 



25 
(cradle) 



No tides. 



51 

6J 

8} 

15i 



14j 



No tides. 



FACILITIES 01' THE POETS OF THE WOBLD. 

of the follawing European ports — Continued. 



317 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., haying 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can be made 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
than can 
be made. 


Remarks. 


Swedish Govt. 
Dockyard. 


1898 

1898 
1898 

1898 
1898 


To hulls 
and ma- 
chinery. 








50-tou and 19-ton 




i 




cranes. 
Facilities for minor 


Oscarshamns Me- 

kaniska Werk- 

stadsaud Skepps- 

.dockas Aktiebolag. 


Hulls and 
machinery. 






4 tons 


repairs. 










Small 








repairs. 

Dry dock can take a 
vessel of 1,000 tons. 












Swedish Govt. 
Dockyard. 

Ludvigsbergs Werk- 
stads Aktiebolag. 

Stockholm Towing 
Co. (Ekensberg) . 

Atlas Aktiebolag.... 

Bolinders,J.&C.G.. 

Bergsunds Meka^ 
niska Werkstads 
Aktiebolag. 

Lindberg.W 

(Werkssads and 
Warfs Akt.) 

rinboda Mechan- 
ical Works. 


1898 

1891 

1891 

1891 
1891 
1898 

1898 

1898 


All ordina- 
ry repairs; 
small hulls 
built. 

Machinery. 

Machinery. 

Machinery. 
Machinery. 
Hulls and 
machin- 
ery; large. 
Hulls and 
mac h i n- 
ery; large. 
Large 










12 in. diam. , 
34 ft. long. 

llin. diam., 
32 ft. long. 

8 in. diam., 
25 ft. long. 


1 


20 tons. 


LindbergB Pontoon 
has a capacity of 
2,260 tons. 

26-ton sheers at Fin- 
boda Patent Slip. 

W. Lindberg has 40- 
ton and 20-ton 
Sheers 






Lindahl & Runer . . . 
Sjostrom, R ... 


1891 
1891 
1898 

1898 
1886 

1885 
1898 


Machinery 
Machinery 
Laxge .... 

Hulls and 
machinery. 






; 


40-ton sheers at Atlas 
Patent Slip. 


10 in. diam., 
26 ft. long. 


Sin 


15 tons. 


Aktiebolaget Gefle 
Verkstad. 

0. A. Broden Ship- 
building Yard. 




One foundry "with fa- 
cilities for small re- 
pairs to machinery. 

One machine shop; 
facilities for repairs 
to machinery and to 
hulls above water. 
Patent Slip can take 
a vessel 137 ft. long, 
26 ft. beam, and 11 
ft. draught. 

Hull repairs above 
water line can be 
executed. 












Heruosands Meka- 
niska Verkstads 
Bolag. 


Slachinery; 
large. 


12 in. diam., 
20 ft. long. 


4 in.... 


6 tons 





318 



COALING, DOCKING, AND KEPAIBING 

Particulars of docking and repairing facilities 



Name of port. 


Date. 


Docks, etc. 
(Basin dry docks, unless 
otherwise stated.) 


Length. 


Width 
at en- 
trance. 


Depth 
on sill, 

H. W. 
ordln'y 
springs. 


Rise of Hde. 


Over 
all. 


Over 
blocks. 


Sp'gs. 


Neaps 


Umea, Sweden 


1899 
1898 


None - 


Feet. 


na. 


Feet. 


FeeL 






Lulea, Sweden 


Patent Slips: 

No.l 






















No. 2 
























1898 
1898 

1898 
1898 






129 
(cradle) 




{ 4 
{ S 

184 






Russia. 
Abo,Rnssia 


W.Cricht»n&Co.: 

Patent Slip (1,100 tons) . 
Patent SUp (150 tons) . . 


250 
160 

735 
314 


60 
45 

60 
(cradle) 

56 
















Nystad. Finland, 


218 
(cradle) 

300 


Russia. 
Helsingfors 


Helsingfors Dry Dock 

(Oskar Eklund.) 






and Sveboig, 
Russia. 

Kotka, Russia 






Wlborgf, Russia ... 


1899 

1897 
1890 
1896 
1898 
1890 
1896 
1890 
1896 


None 
















Peter Dock 


9M 














Nicolai Dock 














Constantlne Dock . , 


487 
600 
375 




82 
85 


27 
30 




Alexander Dock (building) 










Pontoon No. 2 










Patent SUp (400 tons) 












Transverse SUp (torpedo 

boats). 





















FACILITIES OF THE POETS OF THE WORLD. 

of thefoUomng European ports — Continued. 



319 



Shipyards^ machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities Jor repairs 

to steamers. 



Date. 



Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 



Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 

length of 
largest that 
canbemade. 



Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 



Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 



Kemarks. 



Lulea Mekaniska 
Verkstads Aktie- 
bolag. 



Bjorneborgs Meka- 

niska Verkstad. 
Eosenlew, W., & Co . 



Crichton,W.,&Co. 



1885 



1890 
1892 



Small. 
Small. 



Small.. 
Hulls only 
Machinery 



Hulls and 
machinery. 



Nystad Slip Dock 
Mekaniska Verk- 
stad. 

Eklund.Oskar 

(Helsingfors.) 
Russian Govt. Dock- 
yard. 
(Sveaborg.) 
Dry Dock 



Large. 



Poree 10 
in. diam.; 
turn any 
diam. 



Tm'n 30 ft. 
long. 



Any size... 



3 tons. 



Mekaniska Works. . 



Russian Govt. Dock- 
yard. 



1891 



1898 



1885 
1887 



1885 



All ordina- 
ry repairs. 
" if..... 



Small. 



Large 10 to 12 in. 



Small. 



To hulls 
and ma- 
chinery. 



Any size. 



Patent Slip No. 1 can 
take a vessel 147 ft. 
long, and No. 2 127 
ft. long. 



There are complete 
shipbuilding works, 
and repairs to hull 
ormachinery can be 
easily made. Depth 
alongside the quay 
is from 8 to 10 ft. 

45-ton and 30-ton 
cranes. 

There are two large 
and two small es- 
tablishments for re- 
pairing iron ships 
and their machin- 
ery. Wooden ves- 
sels can be repaired 
at the shipbuilding 
yard. 



50-ton crane. 

Largest vessel docked, 
285 ft. long, 18 ft. 
draught. 

All repairs to ma- 
chinery and hulls 
can be made at the 
dry dock. 

Very small repairs. 

One shipbuilding and 
mechanical estab- 
lisliment; facilities 
for minor repairs. 

In addition, there are 
two private estab- 
lishments. 

The docksallbelongto 
the Govt., but if free 
are always avail- 
able to merchant 
vessels. Peter Dock 
is of large dimen- 
sions. The Nikolai 
and Constantine 
Docks are large 
enough to receive 
Ironclads, the latter 
those of the largest 
size. 

No. 1 Pontoon is In five 
parts of 75 ft. each, 
and can take vessels 
of from 100 to 2,000 
tons. 

No. 2 Pontoon is in 
three parts of 75 ft. 
each, and can take 
vessels of 750 tons. 

The Alexander Dock 
will be entered from 
the Middle Harbor 
at the northeast 
corner. 



320 



COALING, DOCKING, AND BEPAIEING 

Parllculars of docking and repairing faciliiien 



Name of port. 


Date. 


Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 


Length. 


Width 
at en- 
trance. 


Depth 
on sill, 
H.W. 
ordin'y 
springs. 


Rise of tide. 


Over 
all. 


Over 
blocks. 


Sp'gs. 


Neaps 


St. Petersburg, 


1899 
1899 




Feel. 


Fed. 


Feel. 


Feet. 






Eussia. 
Revel, Eussia 
















Kertel, Russia 
















Riga, Russia 


1898 
1898 

1898 

1898 
1898 

1898 
1898 

1898 


Patent Slip (for vessels of 
2,000 tons register). 

Floating (1,410 tons, build- 
tag). 

Floating (940 tons, build- 
ing). 

Wet Dock: Govt 


740 
147 

95 
600 

131 
150 

147 


212 


.TO 
51 

51 

32 
1,400 

33 
40 
(slip) 

47 


{ 1§ 






















Libau, Eussia 


85 










Winter Harbor 


9 
r'd,9; 
aft, 12. 

14 






Memel, Germany . 


Patent Slip (Govt.) 


Pillau and 


Patent Slip (800 tons) 

Floating Dock (800 tons) ... 


55 
(cradle) 

144 






Konigsberg, 
Germany. 







Jt'AOILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE "WORLD. 

of the following European ports — Continued. 



321 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facihties for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can be made. 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 


Remarks. 


Eussian Govt. Dock- 
yard. 


1898 


Large 








Large floating sheers. 










Oboukoff works prin- 


Oboukoff Works .... 


1898 


Large 


Any size 




Very 
heavy. 


c i p a 1 1 y manufac- 






ture guns for the 


Baltic Works 


1898 


Large 


Any size... 


Any size 


Very 
heavy. 


navy and army and 
make large steel 


Franco-Russian 


1898 


Large 


Large 


Any size 


Very 


castings for facto- 


Co. 










heavy. 


ries and engine 


Kolpino Naval Fac- 


1898 


Large 


Large 


Any size 


30 tons. 


works about St. Pe- 


tory (16 miles 












tersburg. 150 -ton 


from St., Peters- 












and 35-ton cranes. 


burg) . 












75-ton electric 


Jas.Pulman 


1898 


Large 


Small 


Medium 


60 tons. 


. crane. 














Kolpino factory exe- 














cutes all sortsof iron 














and brass work for 














the Russian Navy, 














such as machinery, 














boilers, ship fit- 














tings, anchors, etc. 














It possesses tube 














mills and a hy- 














draulic press up to 














3,000 tons, and 














makes armor plates. 
Pnlman's Works are 


























close to the new 














port and execute 














nearly all repairs to 














foreign ships. 




1885 










There are iron works 












with some facilities 














for repairs to hulls 














and machinery. 




1894 










There are iron found- 














ries and mechan- 














ical workshops. 


reiser & Co 


1891 
1898 


Machinery 

only. 
Gen e r a 1 


Small 








Bolderaa Machine 


No forge; 








Works. 




repairs. 


turn small 
shafts. 








Lange & Sohn 


1898 


General 
repairs. 


No forge: 
turn small 
shafts. 








R.H. Mantel 


1898 


Gen e r a 1 
repairs. 


No forge; 
turn small 
shafts. 








Constantin Strupp 


1898 


Large 


18 in. diam., 


7in 


12 tons... 


It is intended to build 


Engineering 
Works. 






15 ft, long. 






other docks, work- 












shops, and build- 














ings necessary for 














the Naval Harbor. 














New breakwaters 














have been made; 














depth in outer port, 
28 ft., to be 80 ft.; 


























it does not freeze in 














winter. 




1898 


Moderate . 


Forge 6 in. 
diam.; 


12 in 


2 tons.. .- 


Two mechanical es- 
tablishments afford 


















turn 12 






facilities for all or- 








in. 






dinary repairs. 




1898 










Facilities for minor 














repairs at Konigs- 














berg. At Elbing, 














about 40 miles from 














PUlau, the works of 














F. Schichau afford 














best facilities for 














construction and re- 














pair of torpedo boats 














and machinery. 



12477- 



-21 



322 



COALING, DOCKrPTG, AND REPAIRING 

Particulars of docking and repaxring facilities 



Name of port. 



Date. 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



Length. 



Over Oyer 
all. blocks. 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 
on sill, 
H. W. 
ordin'y 
springs. 



Rise of tide. 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



Elbing, Germany . 



Dantzic, Germany 



1898 
1898 



Colberg, Germany 



Swlnemunde, 

Germany. 

Wolgast,Germany 



Stralsund, 

Germany. 



Stettin, Germany 



1898 



1898 
1898 



1898 
1898 



Rostock,Germany 



Lubeck,Germany. 



1898 
1891 



Torpedo Boat Dock. 



Imperial Floating 

Floating (Klawitter's) , 
Patent Slips: 
Klawitter's— 

No. 1 (550 tons) , 



No.2 (250 tons) 

JohEinnsen's (600 tons) 



Patent Slips . 



Patent Slips (300 tons) . 

Patent Slip (650 tons) . 
Patent Slip (650 tons) . 

Patent Slip (200 tons) - 
Patent Slip (200 tons) . 



Vulcan Floating 

Vulcan Floating, No. 2 . . . 
(Building, 11,000 tons.) 

OderWferke Floating 

Nuske & Co 

Patent Slip (1,000 tons) . . . 

(Moller & Co.) 
Patent Slip (1,500 tons) ... 

(Moller & Co.) 



Patent Slip (900 tons) . 



fid. 
105 



322 
245 



lOO 



215 
(cradle) 

190 
(cradle) 

250 
(cradle) 



Feet. 



15 
lOJ 



Feel. 
61 



70 
(cradle) 

(cradle) 

70 
(cradle) 

70 
(cradle) 



302 
510 

230 
224 
320 



20 
(cradle) 

21 
(cradle) 

20 
(cradle) 

(cradle) 



52 
62 

52i 
62 
13 

(cradle) 

(cradle) 



Pioneer Floating (1,500 tons) 

(H. Kodi.) 
Two Patent Slips, for ves- 
sels of 400 tons register. 
(T. H. Evers.) 



800 
(520 out 
water) 

222 
300 



(cradle) 



46 



No tides... 



15 
14i 



14* 
lU 



No tides 



No tides.. 



FACILITIES OF THE POETS OF THE WOBLD. 

of the following European ports — Continued. 



323 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repoiis 

to steamers. 



Date, 



Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 



Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
canbemade. 



Pipes : Diam 
eterof 

laigest that 
can be 
brazed. 



Cajitings : 
Weight 

of largest 
that can 

be made. 



Remarks. 



F. Schichau, torpedo 
boat builders. 

German Govt, 
Dockyard. 

Johannsen <S(Go 

Springer, C.G 

Steimig, Carl.. . 

Klawitter.P.W.... 



1900 



1891 
1891 
1891 



Large. 



Torpedo 
boat. 



Large... 



Hulls and 
machin- 
ery; large. 
Hulls only. 
Machinery, 
Maehinery. 
Moderate. 



1898 



Aron & GoUnow 
(Grabow) . 

MoUer & Holberg 
(Grabow) . 

Niiske&Co 

"Oderwerke" , 

Vulcan Co 



1890 

1892 

1892 
1898 
1898 



Hulls and 
machinery 

Hulls and 
machinery, 

Small. 

Moderate. 

Large. 



Neptune Works . 



Hulls and 
machinery. 



H.Koch 

Lubeck Foundry... 



1898 



Large. 
Large. 



Turn 35 ft. 

long. 
Turn 26 ft. 

long. 



10 tons. 



Foundry, machine 
and boiler shops. 

60-ton crane at dock- 
yard. 

The Imperial Dock 
will take a vessel of 
2,600 tons; Klawit- 
ter's, one of 1,200 
tons. 



Small repairs can be 
executed at the 
Govt. Harbor 
Works. 

Slips suitable for 
small vessels. 

One foundry and ma- 
chine shop; minor 
repairs. 



Slight repairs to hull 
and engines can be 
executed by two 
firms. 



MoUer & Holberg 
have 20-ton crane. 

At Stettin the facili- 
ties for repairs to 
hull and machinery 
are very good, as 
there are several 
large building 
yards, the largest 
being the "Vulcan 
Company," where 
men-of-war are 
built. The Vulcan 
Co. undertakes all 
repairs in their 
floating dock. - 

Vulcan Dock is in 6 
sections. Litting 
power, 2,500 tons. 
Largest vessel dock* 
ed, 1,679 tons regis- 
ter. 

Oderwerke Dock is in 
2 sections and has a 
lifting power of 
2,000 tons. 

Niiske & Co's Dock 
is at Grabow and 
has a lifting power 
of 2,210 tons. 

30-ton sheers. 



Also two other ma- 
chine shops. 



324 



COALING. DOCKING, AND REPATRING 

Particulars of docking and repairing facXtUies 



Name of port. 



Date. 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dijr docks, unless 

othenyise stated.) 



Length. 



Over Over 
all. blocks. 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 
on sill, 
H.W. 
ordin'y 
springs. 



Rise of tide. 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



Dietrichsdorp, 

Germany. 

Kiel, Germany. . . 



1898 



1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 

1898 



Floating (1,780 tons) 
Floating (840 tons) . . 



Govt. : 

No.l 

Xo.2 

No.3 

No.4 

Floating 

(3,000 tons.) 
Wet Docks: 

Construction Basin. 

Equipment Basin . . 

Passage to Harbor. . 



423 
382 
362 
344 
252 

(L'gth) 
700 



200 
131 



4OT 
377 
357 
334 
241 



Feet. 
55 
45 



71 
70 

64i 
67 

61i 



(B'dth) 
700 
700 
295 



Feet. 
Yi 
15 



25i 

22i 

16 

251 



No tides.. 



Flensburg, 

Germany. 



1899 
1891 



Pontoon Dock (2,800 tons) .. 
Patent Slip 



280 



Apenrade, 

Germany. 



Wyk (Fohrld.), 
Germany. 

Tonning, 

Germany. 

Cuxhaven, 

Germany. 



Hamburg, 

Germany. 



1886 
1898 
1898 



Two Patent Slips 

Patent Slip 

Patent SUp (350 tons) . 



1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 



1899 
1899 



Blobm & Voss's Floating: 

No.l 

No. 2 

Steel 

Hamburg-American Packet 

Co., Graving. 
AG.Stucken: 

Floating 

Floating 

B. Wencke, Graving 

Eeiherstieg, Floating 

Brandenburg, Floating 

Floating (Altona) (600 tons) . 
B WeucKe: 

Patent Slip (1,150 tons). 

H. Brandenburg: 

Patent Slip (450 tons) .. . 

A.G.Stulcken: 

Patent Slip (1,050 tons) . . 



320 
855 
558 
400 



269 
210 
260 
330 
315 
150 

650 
250 
600 



No tides... 



(cradle) i 



225 
(cradle) 

120 
(cradle) 

240 
(cradle) 



30 



lOJ 



5i 



( 1^ 



FACILITIES OF THE POETS OF THE 'WORLD. 



325 



o/ the following Ewropean ports — Continued. 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 



Date. 



Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 



Shafts; Di 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
canbemade. 



Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 



Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 



Remarks. 



German Govt. 
Dockyard. 

Germania Works. . . 
Howaldt Works 



1899 
1899 
1899 



To hulls 
and me- 
chinery. 
Hulls and 
machin- 
ery; large, 
Hulls and 
machin- 
ery; large. 



Plensburger Schifls- 
bau Gesellschaft. 



Large. 



Blohm & Voss 

Jurgens, C.,& Co... 



Krause, H 

(Harburg.) 

Eeiherstieg Sohiffs- 

werfte & Ma- 

schlnenfabrik. 

Schiffswerfte & Ma- 

schlnenfabrik-Ac- 

tien-Gesellschaft. 

H. Brandenburg 



1892 
1892 



1892 
1898 



Hulls and 
machinery; 

large. 

Hulls and 
machinery. 

Hulls only. 

Hulls and 
machinery; 

large. 

Hulls and 
machinery. 

Large 



Large. 
Large. 



i ft. long.. 



30 ft. long.. 



Any size. 



Any size. 



60-ton crane and 40- 
ton floating crane. 

The Germania Ship 
Building Yard is 
contiguous to the 
dockyard, and con- 
tains 8 building 
slips, the largest of 
which can take a 
ship of 9,000 tons. 
This company also 
own a large iron 
works at Berlin. 
60-ton crane, with 22 
ft. alongside. 

Howaldt Bros, manu- 
facture, at . Kiel, 
everything for ships 
and engines. 60-ton 
crane, with 16 ft. 
alongside. 

100 and 35 ton sheer 
legs; 9 cranes, 3 to 
10 tons. 

The dock is in 2 sec- 
tions, which can be 
worked either sepa- 
rately or combined. 
Largest vessel dock- 
ed, 336 ft. long, 
2,600 tons displace- 
ment. 



hipbmlding 
ed on to a 



Wooden ship 
is carried 
great extent, there 
being fine slips, and 
every facility for 
heaving down and 
repairing wooden 



Facilities for small 
repairs. 

There are other me- 
chanical establish- 
ments, in addition 
to those mentioned 
by name; 150-ton 
steam crane, Asia 
Quay. 

Blohm & Voss's Docks 
Nos. 1 and 2 are in 
Sand 2 sections, re- 
spectively, and they 
have lifting capaci- 
ties of 3,000 and4,000 
tons, respectively. 
The Steel Dock has 
a lifting capacity of 
17,500 tons. 

The Hamburg- Ameri- 
can Packet Co.'s 
Dock is for the use 
of the company's 
ships only. 



326 



COAUWG, DOCKOre, AND REPAIRING 

PaHiculars of docMng and repairing facilities 



Name of port. 



Bate. 



Socks, etc. 

(Basm dry docks, nnless 

otherwise stated.) 



Length. 



Over Over 
- all. blocks. 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 
onsUI, 
H. W. 
ordin'y 
springs. 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



Rise of tide. 



Hambmg, 

Germany — 
Continued. 



Harbnig, 

Germany. 



Biemerhaven and 
Geestemnnde, 
Germany. 



1899 
1899 



1898 
1898 



Nordenham, 

Germany. 



Brake, Germany. 



Vegesack, 

Germany. 



1892 



1896 
1898 



1898 



Wiohhorst's Patent Sups: 
No. 1 (600 tons) , 



No. 2 (400 tons) . 



Wet Dock . 



Seeheck's Floating: 
No.l 



No. 2 

No. 3 

Wencke's Floating 

Norddeutscher Lloyd's 
Floating. 

Dry Dock 

Wet Docks: 

Alter Hafen 



Kaiser Haf en 

Nener Hafen 

Hafenerweitemng. 

Trockandockanlat-'c 



JFiet. 
600 
300 



(L'gth) 
590 



\ 360 
2U 
361 
300 

f 450 

\ 370 
774 

(L'gth) 
2,394 

4,758 

2,782 

2,790 

1,470 



160 
(cradle) 

120 
(cradle) 



(B'dth) 



Dry Dock, under constmc- 
tion. 
(Dock and Warehonse Co.) 



Gebrilder Thyen: 

No.l 

No. 2 , 



Wet Dock . 



370 



343 
313 
(L'gft^ 
1,120 



722 

(B'dth) 

875 

[ 375 to 

i 969 

374 

375 to 

969 

189 to 

495 



(B'dth) 
400 



net. 



8 
13 

6 
11 



58 

50 
58 
54 

58 

91| 



5 to 92 
68 
92 

92 



19 

19 
16 
17 

19i 
23 

SO 

26 to 
33 
25J 



35 



60 



45 
40i 



13 

7 

19i 



lOJ 



15 



10 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 

of the foUovdng European ports — Continued. 



327 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 



Divte, 



Character 

of repairs, 

largB or 

small. 



Shafts: Di- 
ameter flind 

length of 
largest that 
canbemade. 



Pipes: Diaipi- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 



Castings: 
WpigKt 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 



Remarks. 



Bremer Schiffsbau- 
Gesellschaft. 
(Bremerhaven.) 

Lange,C ...,, ^ 

(Bremerhaven.) 

North German Lloyd 

Co. (Bremerhaven) . 

Tecklenborg, J. C . , . 

(Geestemunde.) 
Wencke.F.W 

(Bremerhaven.) 



Hplls and 
tniichinery. 



Hijlls only. 

■Repairs to 
hulls and 
machinery. 
Hulls only. 

Hulls only, 



Hespe & Co 
G.Thyen... 



Bremer Schiflsbau- 

Geaellschaft. 
Lange, J 



1896 



1891 



1891 
1891 



Hulls only, 
Small. 



Hulls and 
machinery. 
Hulls only. 



Jjargeat vessel 
docked in Beiher- 
stieg Dock, 5,000 
tons, 400 by 52 ft. 

Lifting powers of 
Floating Docks: 
Stucken's, 2,000 tons 
each; Reiherstieg's, 
5,000 tons; and Bran- 
denburg's, 3,600 tons. 



21-ton cr^ne; the prin- 
cipal establishment 
of this company is 
at Vegesack. 

20-ton crane. 

25-ton crane. 



30-ton crane. 

At Bremerhaven 
there are sJiQps of 
all km4s, alsb an 
iron-smp building 
yard, with all facili- 
ties for repairs to 
steamers. Vesselsof 
any size can be con- 
structed. 

AtGeestemunde there 
are4 building yards, 
1 being capable of 
building the largest 
iron vessels, either 
sailing or steam. 

150-ton crane at new 
Dry Dock. 

Seebeck's No. 1 Dock 
is capable of taking 
vessels of ,4,000 and 
2,000 tons; No. 2, of 
2,800 tons; No. 3, of 
4,000; Wencke's, 
3,000 tons; andNord- 
deutscher Lloyd's, 
5,000 tons; Seebeck's 
Nos. 1 ^nd 2 and 
Norddeutscher 
Lloyd's can each 
take 2 vessels at a 
time. 

The Wet Docks are in 
a free district; ves- 
sels of 26 ft. draught 
are accommodated. 



No facilities for re- 
pairing steamers. 



Minor repairs to ma- 
chinery can be exe- 
cuted at Dry Dock. 



328 



COALING, DOCKING, AND BEPAIRING 

/ 

Particulars of docking and repairing facilities 



Name of port 



Date. 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin drj; docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



Length. 



Over Over 
all. blocks. 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 
on sill, 
H. W. 
ordin'y 
springs. 



Rise of tide. 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



Bremen, 



Qeimany. 



Floating. 
Floating. 



fiat. 
134i 
196 



lid. 



Feel. 
18 
18 



Wilhelmshaven, 
Germany. 



Leer, Germany . . . 



Windan 



dermany. 



Emden, Germany 



Delfzyl, Holland.. 



Harlingen, 

Holland. 



Helder and 
Willemsoord, 
Holland. 



Amsterdam, 

Holland. 



1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 



1898 
1898 

1898 



1898 
1891 



1898 



1898 
1898 



Govt.: 

No.l 

No.2 

No.S 

Floating No.l. 

Floating No.2. 

Wet Dock (Govt.) . 



Wet Dock 



Wet Dock. 



Four Slips 

Pontoon (700 tons) . 
Pontoon (800 tons). 

Wet Dock 



Four Slips (200 tons) . 
Pontoon (800 tons)... 

Pontoon 

Pontoon 



Netherlands Govt. Dock- 
yard, stone: 

No.l 

No.2 



Koninginne Floating. . . 

Koning Floating 

Floating: 

No.l 

No.2 

No.S 

Wet Docks: 

Houthaven 

Oude Houthaven.. 

West Dock 

East Dock 

Nieuwe Vaart 

Spoorweghaven 

Petroleum Basin . . . 



438 
438 
370 
llli 
180 



(L'gth) 



(L'gth) 
1,476 



112 to 82 
55 
59 

(L'gth) 
1,200 



874i 
273t 



410 
410 

215 
165 
165 



410 
410 
354 
Uli 
114i 



(B'dth) 
240 



(B'dth) 
197 



(B'dth) 
270 



402 
402 



72 
72 
61t 
49 
49 



58 



36i 



59i 



63i 
56 

62i 
621 
62i 

66 



27J 

27 

22 

29i 

29i 



llj 



161 



Si 



13} 
18} 

12} 



17} 
19 
19 



10 



5} 



FACILITIES OF THE POETS OP THE "WOKLD. 



329 



of tJie following Ewropean ports — Continued. 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
canbemade 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 


Remarks. 


Weser Works 

German Govt. Dock- 
yard. 


1898 
1898 


HtJls and 
machinery 
large. 








35-ton cranes. 








North German Lloyd 
Co. have extensive 
facilities formaking 
repairs: 1 75-ton 
crane, 2 of 20 tons, 
1 of 12 tons, 1 of 6 
tons, and several 
smaller. 

Floating Docks can be 
used in conjunction 
or separately, and 
are capable of lift- 
ing 3,300 tons. 

60-ton floating sheers; 
15-ton steam ham- 
mer. 

The entrance to Govt. 
Wet Dock or Basin 
admits vessels of 29 
ft. draught, 70 ft. 
beam (approx.) . 












1885 
1898 


Small 




















Large works for the 
improvement of the 
port are in progress, 
by which the fair- 
way from Nesser- 
land to Emden, the 
Rwy. Dock, and the 
Basin with its 
branches will form 
one large doc k more 
than 6,000 ft. long. 














1898 
1890 

1898 

1891 
1891 
1891 

1890 

1891 
1898 


Usual re- 
repairs. 

Ordinary 
repairs. 

Large 


lein.diam. 








Netherlands Govt. 
Dockyard. 
(Willemsoord.) 

Netherlands Govt. 
Dockyard. 

Goedkoop,D.,jr 

Groen,r. F 














80-ton floating crane; 
15-ton steam ham- 
mer. 

Koninginne Dock is 
in 2 compartments; 
Koningin4. Largest 
vessel docked in 
Koninginne Dock, 
4,500 tons, 360 ft. 47 
in. by 27 ft. 7 in. 

Another floating dock 
is proposed, to lift 
vessels of 7,000 tons 
displacement. 


Hulls only. 
Hulls only. 
Hulls only. 

Hulls and 
machin- 
ery; large. 

Hulls only. 
Large. 








Huijgens & Van 

Gelder. 
Konmklijke Fab- 

riek voor Stoorm 

en Andere Werk- 

tuigen. 

Mensing, J.P 

Netherlands Engine 

and Ewy.Material 

Works. 



330 



COALING, DOCKING, ANt) REPAIRING 

Particulars of docking and repairing facilities 



Name of port. 



Date. 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



Length. 



Over Over 
all. blocks. 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 
on sill, 
H.W. 
ordin'y 
springs, 



Rise ol tidi'. 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



Rotterdam, 

Holland. 



1898 

1898 

1898 

1898 

1898 

1898 

1898 
1898 



Iron Floating 

(City of Rotterdam.) 
Iron Floating 

(City of Rotterdam.) 
Iron Floating 

(City of Rotterdam.) 
Wood Floating, Katen- 
drechtske kadi. 

Govt 

Patent Slips: 

WestZeedijkNo. 1 (1,200 
tons). 

West Zeediik No. 2^ 

West Zeedijk No. 3 

Eatendrecht 

B6ugerh6ut'& Zoon 

Noordereiland (1,200 
tons) . 
Wet Dock (Old Delfshaven) . 



Feet. 
3601 

295 

157 

288) 
500 



Feet. 
3601 

295 

157 



Feet. 
89) 



Feet. 
23 



13) 
17i 



170 
(cradle) 



(L'gth) 
4,430 



(B'dth) 
164 



49J 



Dordrecht, 

Holland. 

Hellevoetslnis, 
Holland. 



1889 



Patent Slip (1,100 tons) . 



Netherlands Govt. Docky'd: 
Brick 



Flushing, 



Holland. 



Dry Dock. 
Wet Dock 



180 



477 (in 
2 sec- 
tions) 



(L'gth) 
1,660 



(B'dth) 
650 



54 

52 
66) 



17i 



27i 
21t 



5i 



11 



Middleburg, 

Holland. 



Antwerp, 

Belgium. 



Prins Hendrik. 



413i 



413 



651 



15 



No tides. 



J. Cockerill's 

Cruybeke 

Burght 

Gales et Chantiers; 

No.l 

No.;2 

City Docks: 

No.l 

No. 2 

No.3 

No.4 

No.5 

No. 6 



400 
250 
200 

330 
300 

455 
241 
171 
464 
464 
464 



422 

134 
416 
416 
416 



41 
4U 



40 



78 
89i 
32) 
49 
49 
49 



m 

18 
12 

14 
12 

22) 
IS 
8) 
17 
17 
17 



15 



FACILITIES OP THE PORTS OF THE WOELD. 
of the following European ports — Continued. 



331 



Shipyards, machine 

8hoi)s, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 



Date. 



Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 



Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
oanbemade. 



Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 



Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 



Remarks. 



Bonn&Mees 

Maatschappli de 
Maas (Westzeedyk) 

Nederlandsche 
Stoomboot Maats- 
chappij (Fyenoord) 

Kijkee&Co 

Smlt,J.&K 

(Krimpen.) 

Smit,P.,jr 

(Siikkerveer.) 

Bougerhout& Zoon 

H.deHoog.jr 



Diepereen, L^ & 
Smirt(Kinderdijk) 

F. Kloos & Zoon 



1890 
1890 



1890 
1890 

1890 

1895 

1895 

1895 

1895 



Netherlands Govt. 
Dockyard. 



Royal Shiphuildlng 
and Engineering 
Co. 



Den Bonwmeester . 

(Borsius & Van der 

Leije) . 



DeDecker.J 

Soci4t6 John Cock- 
erill (Hoboken). 



1898 



Hulls only 
Hulls and 
machinery. 
Hulls and 
machin- 
ery; large. 
Hulls omy. 
Hulls only. 

Hulls and 
machinery. 
Machinery 
and boilers. 
Hulls and 
machinery. 
Foundjy 
machin- 
ery; large. 
Bridges, 
hulls, and 
floating 
docks. 



Small. 



Ijarge. 



Hulls only 



Hulls only 
Hulls and 
machin- 
ery; large. 



Forge 8 in.; 
turn any 
size. 



No forge; 
turn any 



Any size. 



Any size. 



5 tons 



The 3 iron floating 
docks belonging to 
the city of Hotter- 
dam can be united 
and used as one 
dock. They have a 
lifting capacity of 
6,050, 4,000, and 2,100 
tons, respectively. 
A vessel 354 ft. long 
has been docked in 
t)ie largest dock. 

At Fijmond, just op- 
posite Rotterdam, 
there is a large es- 
tablishment where 
most of the Govt, 
tieam vessels have 
been builtand fitted 
with engines. 

Extensive wet basins 
are being still fur- 
ther enlarged. 
There are 23 steam 
cranes, 7 electric 
cranes, and a hy- 
draulic plant. 



All modem appli- 
ances for easting, 
planing, turning, 
and forging. 

The Dry Dock is un- 
der the control of 
the Royal Ship- 
building and En- 
gineering Co. "de 
Sehelde." Largest 
vessel docked, 1,361 
tons, 246 ft. long, 13 
ft. draught. 



Middleburg can be 
reached by canal 
from Flushing by 
vessels of 24J ft. 
draught 

Largest vessel docked, 
3,552 tons, 377 ft. 
long, 14 ft. draught. 



120-ton crane at New 
Docks (Kattendijk 
Basin). 

The largest ship yet 
docked in the Float- 
ing Dock was 447 ft. 
long, 5,994 tons 
gross. With some 
tides there are 23 ft. 
over the ^ of this 
dock. 



332 



COALING, DOCKING, AND KEPAIRING 

Particulars of docking and repairing facilities 



Name of port. 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, tinless 

otherwise stated.) 



Length. 



Over 
all. 



Over, 
blocks. 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 
on sill, 

H.W. 
ordin'y 
springs 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



Rise of tide. 



Antwerp, 

Belgium- 
Continued. 



1898 
1898 



Ghent, Belgium . 



Ostend, Belgium . 



Blankenberg:he, 
Belgium. 

Dunkirk, France 



Gravelines, 

France. 



Calais, France 



Boulogne, France. 1895 

1898 

St.Valery-snr- 1894 

Somme, France. 

Treport, France ..; 1898 



1898 



1897 
189S 



1898 
1898 



1895 



1898 
1898 



lixt. 
460 



Floating 

Gridiron 

Wet Docks: 

Eattendijk Dok . . . 

HoutDok 

Kempisch Dok i,^„ 

AsiaDok 2,237 

LetebvreDok 1,968 



Amerika Dok 

Verbinding's Dok , 
Klein Dok 



Groot Dok 

Bassin aux Briques . . . 
Bassin des Bateliers . . 
Bassin aux Charbons . 

Dry Docks: 

No.l 

No.2 

Wet Docks: 

Outer Harbor 

Commercial Dock 



Two Patent sups 

(For vessels of 700 tons.) 

Dry Dock (proposed) 

Wet Docks: 

Premier Bassin 

Deuxifeme Bassin 

Troisi^me Bassin 

Nouveau Bassin 

Bassin d'Evolution 



Wet Dock 



Dry Docks: 

No.l 

No.2 

No.3 

No. 4 

New Dock 

Patent Slip (1,000 tons) .... 

Gridiron 

Wet Docks: 

Bassin de Freycinet 

Bassin de la Marine 

Bassin du Commerce. . . 

Bassin de I'arrlere port. 



Gridiron (400 tons). 
Wet Dock: 



Bassin Vauban. 



Drj'Dock 

Gridiron 

Wet Docks: 

Bassin de I'Ouest. 

Bassin Carnot 



Gridiron (500 to 2,000 tons) 
Gridiron 

Wet Dock 

Gridiron 

Basin 



(L'gth) 
3,116 
1,640 
1,148 



1,394 
279 
433 to 
672 
1,220 
705 
836 
760 



426 

249 

(L'gth) 

3,607 

5,115 



(L'gth) 

91S 

557 

459 

2,125 



(L'gth) 
787 



393) 



318 
663 
600 



165 

(L'gth) 

2,300 

985 

1,640 



121 
(L'gth) 

1,083 

500 

65 

(L'gth) 

1,311 

2,620 



251 

(L'g^) 
1,270 

981 

(L'gth) 
1,476 



Fed. 



(B'dth) 
459 
459 
491 
246 

360 to 

1,148 

607 

164 

141 to 
556 
492 
158 
203 
164 



393 
222 
(B'dth) 
295 
197 



(B'dth) 
197 
328 
312 
295 



(B'dth) 
328 



358 
358 
276 
623 



(B'dth) 
361 
261 
361 
261 



(B'dth) 



14' 



' \ 



426 



(B'dth) 

210 

655 to 

486 



(Bd'thJ 



■th) 
65S 



(B'dth) 
116 



42J 
36 



2Ito23 



23 
22i 

20} 
20i 
20i 
20i 



No tides. 



18 

18 

18 

14} 



20] 
25i 
201 
251 



24i 
21 
21 
21 



S2J 

56} 
68i 
461 



27J 



28J 



201 
28} 
28} 



291 



10} 



25 



281 



131 



15 



171 



19 



22 



FACILITIES OF THE POETS OF THE "WOKLD. 
of the follovnng European porta — Continued. 



333 





Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 

length of 
largest that 
canbemade 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 

of largest 
that can 

be made. 


Remarks. 
















Ghent can be reached 
by canal from Ter- 
neusen by yeesels of 
18 ft. draught. 


















- 
















Ziegler Frtoes 

Lutzer 


1898 
1898 


Large 

Large...:. 


No forge; 

turn any 

size. 
No forge; 

turn! any 

size.' 


Any size.-... 
Any size 


4 tons 

6 tons. 


Dunkirk ranks as the 
third port of 
Prance. There are 






4^ miles of quays, 
li floating crane 
of 40 tons, 21 float- 
Ing, and fixed 
steam and hy- 
draulic cranes from 
1 to 3 tons. 




Chamber of Com- 
merce. 


1895 

1898 
1895 










Wet Docks and harbor 
works completed; 3 
hydraulic cranes of 
10, 20, and 40 tons; 
harbor works oe- 
onpy 400 acres; all 
facilities for repairs, 
etc.; 10 smaller 
cranes. 














Syndlcat des char- 
pehtiers. 


Hulls. 








Facilities for ordi- 
nary repairs to ma- 
chinery. 

Steam, hydraulic, and 
electric cranes. 


















- 










1 





334 



COALING, DOCKIBTG, AND REPAIRING 

Pariioulars of docking and repairing facilities 



Name oi port. 


Date 


Docks, etc;. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwisfe stated.) 


Length. 


Width 
at en- 
trance. 


Depth 
on sill, 

H.W, 
ordin'y 
springs, 


Kise of tide. 


Over 
all. 


Over 
blocks. 


Sp'gs. 


Neaps 


Dieppe, France... 


1898 
1894 
1898 

1888 

1891 
1898 

1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 

1898 

1895 
1898 

1894 
1898 

1898 

1898 

189» 
1898 




492 
198J 

'W 

985 

492 

1,706 


Feet. 
357i 


liet. 
59 
38 

64 

46 
69 
54 

65 


Peet. 
25J 

'24 

23 
32 

24 


27' 
27 


21 
214 


Gridiron 




Wet Docks: 

Bassin Duqueane 


<='1^9' 
average. 

328 
289 




Bassin de mi-marSe 

Nouveau Bassin 

Patent Slip 


Caux, France. 
Fficamp, France . . 


Gridiron 








Wet Docks: 


(L'gth) 

1,247 

660 

272 
482 
537 
416 


(B'dth) 
296 
361 

198i 
202 
249 
426 
492 
377 


f 62 
i 62 

57i 

36 

42i 

66 
63 


30i 
17 
33J 

181 
19} 
2U 
28 
28 
25i 


22 

5.1 
23 


18 
18 




Nouveau Bassin 

No.l...» 




No. 2 




No.3 




No.4 




No. 5 




No.6 




Three Pontoons 




Wet Docks: 


1,804 
1,480 

2,680 

f 1,115 
\ 690 
3, OSS 
1,829 
1,444 
1,656 
475 

1,811 


(B'dth^ 

328 
540 

328 

361 
261 
656 
262 

1 722 

460 

196 

295 
(cradle) 

■(B^dtig- 

295 
236 
229 


52i 
441 
44J 

/ 3 
\ 52 
52 
52i 
100 
62 

m 

69 
49 


21t 

20- 

21 
20 
26 

30i 

It 

271 

33} 
24J 

14} 

M 

21 
22i 




Bassin du Commerce . . . 
Bassin de la Barre 

Bassin Vauban . . 


Eotien, France ... 


Bassin de la Citadelle.. 

Bassin de I'Eure 

Bassin du Dock 

Bassin Bellot,W 

Bassin Bellot, E 

Bassin de la Floride 

CanU de Tancarville— 
Bassin Fluviale..,. 

Patent Slip (1, 800 tons) 


Honfleur, France. 


(Kenoux and Bonpain.) 
Gridiron 


19? 
(L'g^^) 


33} 

33J 
40 
54 

42i 




Wet Docks: 

Bassin del'Ouest 

Bassin du Centre 

Bassin de I'Est 


TrouvUle, France. 


Quatr^ime Bassin 

Gridiron 




Wet Dock: 

Bassin Unique 


459 


'^■^?2> 
(B'dth) 

(B'dth) 

m 

(B'dth) 
960 


404 
40 

40 

34 
lis 


21 

144 

144 
104 






Caen, France 


Wet Dock 


Oyestreham, 


Wet Dock 






France. 
GourseuUes, 


Wet Dock 


19 


15 


France, 


Careening Slip 









FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WOBLD. 



335 



0/ thefoUovdng European ^oW»— Oontinaed. 



Shipyards, macbltie 




Character 


Shaftsi Di- 
ameter and 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 


Castings: 
Weight 




shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


large or 


length of 
largest that 
canbemade. 


largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


of largest 
that can 
be made. 


Remarks. 




1887 










Facilities for ordi- 












nary repairs; 30-toii 














crane in docks, Du- 














quesne :E!aBin. 




1891 




: 






Facilities for minor 












repairs to hulls and 














machinery. 


Ateliers et C h a n - 


1898 


Machinery 








The dry docks afford 


tiers de la "Loire. 




and small 
hulls. 








every facility forre- 
pAirs; 100-ton sheers 


Caillard Fr^res 


1891 


Machinery. 








and 20-ton crane at 


Compftgnie Gini- 


1898 


Hulls and 








No. 4 Dry Dock; 25- 


lale Transatlan^ 




machinery; 








ton sheers at No. 2; 


tique. 




large. 








35-ton sheers at No. 


Dubus Frferes & A. 


1891 


Hulls only. 








3; 30-ton floating 


Dupont. 












steam sheers in 


Duchesne & Oie..;.. 


1891 


Machinery. 


45 ft. lomgi 






Bassin de I'Eure. 


Forges et Chantiers 


1898 


Hulls and 


turned; 10 






Largest vessel docked 


de la Mediterra- 




machinery; 


tons wt.. 






in No. 1 Dock', 


nie. 




large. 


forged. 






213 ft. long; largest 
docked in the 


Normand, A 


1891 


Hulls and 
machinery. 








port, 487 ft. long, 
24 ft. 8 in. draught. 
A vessel 557 ft. long 
can be taken in 
Dbck Nos. 4 or 5 by 
placing the caisson 
in the outer stop. 
The pontoons have a 
collective lifting ca- 


























pacity of 1,200 tons. 














No. 4 Dock is to be en- 














larged to 656 ft. over 














-all, 63af ton blocks. 














, and29Ht.on sill. 


Ateliers et Ch an- 
tlers de la Loire 


1890 


Hulls only; 
machinery 








The Patent Slip lifts 
vessels sidewise; 








(successors to 
01apar«de&Cie). 




built at 








cradle is in two 




St. Denis. 








parts, 162 ft. fttid 13 
It. longj respective- 


Malart Works....... 


1891 


Machinery. 








(He Lacroix.) 












ly, which can be 


Miloent Works 


1891 


Machinery. 








used together or 


(He Lacroix.) 












separately. 


Four shipyards 


1895 


Hulls and 








Steam cranes up to 6 






machinery. 








tons. 




1887 






















machinery repairs. 




1898 










Lkdited facilities for 












machinery repairs. 














Gtanes to tons. 



336 



COALING. DOCKING, AND RBPAIRING 

ParliciUars of docking and ri-ptiiriii(7 t'arililit!i 



Name of port. 



Docts, etc 

(Basin dr^ docks, unless 

othern-ise stated.) 



Length. 



Over 
all. 



Over 
blocks. 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



DeWh Kiseoftido. 
on sill, 

H. W. 
ordin'y 
spriugs. 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



Carentan, Frauoc 
Cherbourg, France 



St, Peter Port, 
Guernsey, 
Channel Ids. 

St. Sampsons, 
Guernsey, 
Channel Ids. 

St Heller, Jersey, 
Channel Ids. 



Granville, 



Franc 



St. Malo and 
St. Servan, 
France. 



li^gu^ St. Briene, 
France. 



Paimpol, France- . 
Morlaix, France . 
Brest, France 



1899 
1899 
1899 
1899 
1899 
1899 
1898 
1898 



1898 



1S9S 



1898 



1894 



1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 



Wet Dock 

No.l 

No.2 

No.S 

No,4 

No.S 

No.S 

No.7 

No.S 

Commercial 

Wet Dock: 

Bassin du Commerce 



Feet. 

(L'gth) 

4,757 

360 

893 
3901 

360 
499} 
513J 

265 
2574 

249 

(L'gth) 

1,8" 



(B>dth) 
197 to 787 



831i 
3311 

299 
452} 

461 
237t 

219 

288 
(B'dth) 

417 



FeeL 

■20 

94t 
94i 
94i 
941 
118 
108 
81J 

m 

46 

161 to 
28 



Two Patent Slips (650 tons) , 
(States of Guernsey;) 



Two Patent Slips (500 tons) 
(States of Guernsey.) 



Floating, wood . 



Dry Dock 

Gridiron 

Wet Docks: 

Grande Bassin. 
Petit Bassin , . . 



2161 

101 

(L'gth) 

708 

444 



145 
(cradle) 



180 
(cradle) 



1881 



(B'dth) 
457 
301 



Dry Dock (building) 

Gridiron 

Gridiron (St Servan) 

Wet Docks: 

Bassin de St. Malo . . . 

Bassin de St Servan . 

Reservoir IntSrieur. . 

Careening Slip 

Careening Slip 



Wet Dock. 
Dry Dock. 

Wet Dock. 



Gridiron 

Wet Dock.. 

Govt.: 

No.l.... 

No.2.... 

No.S.... 

No.4.... 

No.6.... 

No. 6.... 

No.7.... 

No.8.... 

No.9.... 
Patent Slip . 

Gridiron 

Gridiron 



164 

171 

(L'gth) 

3,430 

2,478 

1,443 

230 

131 

(L'gth) 

975 

229» 
(L'gth") 
673 

164 
(L'gth) 
3,987 



2411 
260 
2651 
3581 
2231 
398 
3471 
319 



164 



(B'dth) 
466 
620 
950 

164 

98 

(B'dth) 

218 

187 
(B'dth) 



(B'dth^ 

246} 
"'"2261' 



875 
3241 



361 
105 



fid. 



291 
291 
291 
291 
361 

26 
171 
171 

18 

421 to 
521 



Fd,10: 
aJt,141. 



F'd.lO; 
alt, 141 



ISi 



ISJ 



80 



544 
391 



22} 
16} 



24 
241 



671 
671 
421 



•214 
28 

31 
81 
211 to 28 



811 



87 



86J 



25} 



47 



40 

52 

'^ 

It 

84 

651 

1111 

nil 

861 



•24 
141 

28 



23 



23 
16 
36 
16 

II 
36 



•24 
191 



231 
IS 
141 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OP THE WORLD. 

0/ the follomng European ports— Continued. 



337 



Sblpyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

Jaoilities for repairs 

to steamers 



Date. 



Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 



Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 

length of 
largest that 
can be made. 



Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can he 
brazed. 



Castings; 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 



Bemarks. 



French Govt. Dock- 
yard. 

Postel,A.,&SesFil8 

{Commercial Dry 

Dock.) 

Commercial Dock . . . 



Large 

Hulls and 
machinery; 
all ordina- 
ry repairs. 
Ordinary. 



1895 



French Govt. Dock- 
yard. 



Large. 



The Govt, docks can 
be used by mer- 
chant vessels too 
large to use the 
Commercial Dock 
by special permis- 
sion from the Min- 
ister of Marine. 

The Commercial 
Dock has taken a 
vessel 252 ft. in 
length by special 
arrangements. 

There Is also a heav- 
ing-down slip 147 
ft. long and 196 ft. 
wide, used princi- 
pally for breaking 
up ships, etc. 

Wooden shipbuilding 
carried on; 10-tou 
crane. 

Wooden shipbuilding 
carried on; 10-ton 
crane. 

Facilities for small 
machinery repairs; 
wooden shipbuild- 
ing carried on. 

Repairs of all kinds 
can be effected. 

One careening slip 98 
ft. long, 13^ wide. 



Facilities feji minor 
repairs; 20-ton 
crane. A 

There is a cangening 
pontoon in the Bas- 
sin de St. Malo for 
vessels of 300 tons. 



In addition to the 
extensive works at 
the dockyard, Brest 
affords excellent 
facilities at private 
mechanical estab- 
lishments for re- 
pairs of all kinds. 

Admission to the 
Govt. Docks can 
always be obtained 
through the consul. 
The Gridirons can 
take vessels of 13 
and 12i ft. draught, 
respectively. 



12477 22 



338 



COAIiING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Particulars of docking and repairing facUitivs 



Nome of port. 



Port Launey, 

France. 

L'Orient.Frnnee 



Palais (Belle-ile), 
France. 



Redon, France .-. 



St. Nazal re, 

Fiance. 



Paimbceuf, 

France. 

Nantes, France . . 



% 



Les Sables, 
d'Olonne, 
France. 



La Rochelle, 

France. 



1898 



1898 
1894 



1398 
1898 



1898 



1894 



1894 
1894 



1894 
1894 



1898 
1898 
1898 
1891 

1898 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry doclts, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



Dry Dock 

Patent Slip (1,800 ton.s) . 



Wet Dock 

Govt.: 

No.l 

No.2 

Wet Dock 

Wet Dock 

Arriere Bassin 

Gridiron 

Wet Dock: 

Bassin de R^don 

Compagnie G^n(5rale Trans- 
atlantique; 

No.l 

No.2 

No.3 

Gridiron 

Gridiron 

Wet Docks: 

Bassin de St. Nazaire . . 

Bassin de Penhouet . . . 



Patent Slip . 
Patent Slip . 



Gridiron . 
Gridiron. 



Wet Dock 

No.l 

No.2 

Gridiron 

Patent Slip (126 tons) ... 
(Lie & Son.) 

Wet Docks: 

Bassin Int^rieur 

Bassin Ext^rieur 

Bassin de la Pallice. 



Length. 



Over Over 
all. blocks. 



Fed. 
(L'gth) 
104 



380i 

512j 

(L'gth) 

1,127 

(L'gth) 
754 

1,148 

157 

(L'gth) 

1, 132 



482 
417 
,557} 
119J 
393 
(L'gth) 

1,903 

3,612 



279 
328 



213 

66 

(L'gth) 

936 

590 
364 
256 
133 

(L'gth) 

41'/ 

1,181 

2, '297 



Feet. 
(B'dth) 



495 

(B'dth) 

230 

(B'dth) 

102 

average. 

110 



(B'dth) 
197 



443 
394 
641 



(B'dth) 
672 
632 



229J 

311.7 
(cradle) 



171 
(orndle) 

171 
(cradle) 



(B'dth) 
443 

553 
828 



67 

(cradle) 

(B'dth) 

344 

266 

414 to 666 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 
on sill, 
H.W. 
ordin'.v 
springs. 



Rise of tide. 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



Feel. 
32} 



55 
86J 



52J 



32t 

26 
29 

32j 



82 
42i 



421 



72 
46 
32) 



16i 



22 
27} 

181 



29} 

18 

•29i 



114 



13 
16i 



15J 

301 
271 
8t 
24 



164 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 
of the foUowing European ports — Continued. 



339 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities lor repairs 

to steamers. 



Date. 



Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

sroall. 



Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
canbemade, 



Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 



Castings : 
Weight 

of largest 
that can 

be made. 



Remarks. 



French Govt. Dock- 
yard. 



Large. 



Ateliers et Chan- 
tieis de la Loire. 

Compagnie G£n£rale 
Tiansatlantique. 

Dean & Couron . . . 



French Govt. Works. 

(I'-dret.) 
Ateliers et Chan- 
tiers de la Loire. 

Brissoneau, Deron- 
aille & Lotz. 

Dnhigeon,A 

FaivreFrfires 

6ilhet,L 

Lotz, Fils del' Aln6.. 
Voruz, Aln4 



Decout-Laconr, Eu- 
gene. 



1890 
1891 

1891 

1891 
1891 
1891 
1891 
1891 



1887 



Hulls and 
machinery; 

large. 

Hulls and 
machinery; 

large. 
Machinery. 



Machinery; 

large. 

Hulls and 
machinery; 

large. 
Machinery. 

Hulls only. 
Machinery. 
Machinery. 
Machinery. 
Machinery. 



Machinery 



In addition there are 
private establish- 
ments with facili- 
ties for ordinary 
repairs; 120-ton 
hydraulic crane at 
dockyards. 



The Compagnie Gto- 
Sral have an 80-ton 
crane. 

Ships and engines of 
all_ descriptions are 
built and repaired. 
The Compagnie des 
Forges de Triqual 
have also estab- 
lished extensive 
iron works. 

No. 2 Dock can be di- 
vided into 2 sections 
197 and 180 ft. long 
which can be used 
separately. 



In addition to the es- 
tablishments men- 
tioned by name, 
there are several 
others affording fa- 
cilities for all ordi- 
nary repairs to 
machinery; 60-ton 
steam crane at Quai 
d'Aiguillion; 

At Nantes there is 
every facility for re- 
pairing machinery, 
but aa there are no 
Dry Docks, ships re- 
quiring repairs to 
hull mustproceed to 
either Paimbceuf or 
St. Nazaire. 

Very small. 



In addition there are 
other establish- 
ments affording fa- 
cilities for repairs; 
15 hand and steam 
cranes. 

These docks can be 
subdivided — No. 1 
into docks 372 ft. 
and 213 ft. in length. 
No. 2 into docks 228 
ft. and 131 ft. in 
length. 



340 



COALDifG, D0CKIK6, AND REPAIKING 

ParHcuiars of dodanff and repairing facUilitB 



Name of port. 



Date. 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



Length. 



Over 
aU. 



Over 
blocks. 



Width 
aten- 
tisnce. 



Depth 
on sill, 

H.W. 
ordin'y 
spiings. 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



SiseotUdc. 



Rochefort, Flanoo 



Tonnay-Chaiente, 
France. 

Fouras, France . , . 

He de R« 
(St, Martin), 

France. 



Port du Douhet, 
France, 

lie d'Oleron 
(Port du Cha- 
teau) , France. 



Marennes, France 



Bordeaux 
and Lonaont, 
France. 



RoTran, France 

Bayonne, France . 



Fasagesand 
San Sebastian, 
Spain. 



Bilbao, Spain . 



Santander, Spain . 



Gijon, Spain . 



ISSH 



1891 
18W 



ISW 

ISIS 

ISM 

1898 

1S9S 
1S9S 

1S9S 

1S9S 



1898 
1897 



1898 



1898 
1898 
1S9S 



French Govt.: 

DoubleDook^°;i--- 

Laise Dock. No. S 

Old Dock (Commercial) 



Gridiron 
Wet Docks: 

No.l... 

No. 2... 

No.S... 



Gridiron. 



Gridiron. 



Gridiron 

Heaving-down Slip 

Wet Dock 

Canal used as a Wet Dock. 



Gridiron . . 

Wet Dock. 

Gridiron.. 
Wet Dock. 



Drv Dock 

Patent Slip (250 tons) .. 

Patent Slip (3,000 tons) . 

(Lormont.) 
Patent Slip (SOO tons) .. 

(Lormont.) 
Wet Docks: 

Wet Dock 

Wet Dock 

Annexe 



S7ei 
246 
120 

(L'gth) 

492 
1.444 

121 



170 

161 

^L■s^thl 

3,2S1 



82 
(L'gth) 

262 

249 

(L-gth) 
2,i:4 

f*4 



Aet 



195 
246 



246 



(B'dth) 
210 
295 
4Sr. 



51i 
47 

68t 
SO 
44 



.FM. 

15 
16* 
251 

15 



46 21 

46 21 

59 

2S 



^Bilthl 

lis 



(B'dth) 
r 62 
I 197 



Gridiron. 



Mud Dock . 
New Dock . 



CL'gth 

459 

1,018 

1,066 

9Si 

213 
374 



(B'dth) 
91 to 196 

426i 

lOS 
(cradle) 

39S 
(cradle) 

164 
(cradle) 
(B'dth) 

524 



S6 
ISl 

89 

•26 

20 
SS 

19 

•26 



S6 
(cradle) 

42 
(cradle) 

46 
(cradle) 



151 
•295 



Olaveaga: 
No.l.. 
No. 2. . 

Desierto . . 



825 
815 
470 



50 
50 
734 



Dry Dock (building) , 



Dry Dock 

(Ciiueutes, Stoldtz & Co.) 



101 



9i 
•261 



10 
201 



I'-i 

IS 

221 



•26 



161 



IS 



151 



16i 
81 



101 
10) 



IS 



16 



14 



12 



FACILITIES OP THE POETS OF THE WOELD. 

of the following European ports — Continued. 



341 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc. , having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 



Date, 



Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 



Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can be made. 



Pipes; Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 



Castings; 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 



Remarks. 



French Govt. Dock- 
yard. 



Ghantiers et Ateliers 
de_la Gironde. 

Soei^tfi de Travaux. 
(Dyie & Bacalan.) 

French Southern 
Ewy.Co. 



1898 
1898 



Dagousset, J. B . 



Artilleros del Ner- 
vion. 

Aberly&Co 

Cortady, Agnstin 

&Co. 
Cortino, Viuda & 

Hijos de. 

Moffat&Co , 

Robertson Works . . . 

None 



Cifuentes,Stoldtz & 
Co. 



Hulls only; 

large. 
Hulls and 
machinery. 
Machinery. 



1898 



1890 
1890 



1890 
1890 



Large. 



Turn 76 ft. 
long, 27 
in. diam. 

Machinery. 

Machinery. 

Machinery. 

Machinery, 
Machinery, 



Large., 



Large sizes. 



Large. 



7 in. by 24 

ft. 



Any size... 



Any size. 



800 lbs . 



50 tons. 



5 tons. , 



100-ton sheers. 



Overhead traveling 
cranes span the 
building slips, 
largest for 40 tons; 
sufficiently high to 
pass over largest 
vessel. Every facil- 
ity for repairs of all 
kinds. 



All large castings and 
forgings are ob- 
tained from the 
Castende Foundry 
at Dax. 

No facilities for re- 
pairs. 



100-ton sheers. These 
vporks have built a 
cruiser of 7,500 tons. 
The Olaveaga Docks 
can be used as one. 
Largest vessel 
docked in the De- 
sierto Dock, 340, by 
65 ft., draught 20 ft. 
6 in. 



The building of the 
dock has been sus- 
pended. 



Largest vessel docked, 
205 by 294 ft. draught 
12 ft. 



342 



OOALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIKING 

Particulars of docking and repairing facilitit 



Name of port. 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



Length. 



Over Over 
all. blocks. 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 
on sill. 

H.W. 
ordin'y 
springs. 



Rise of tide. 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



Ferrol, Spain . 



1898 



Corufia, Spain . 



Vigo, Spain . 



Viana do 

Castello, 
Portugal. 

Oporto, Portugal. 

Lisbon, Portugal. 



1899 



Setubal, Portugal? 



Villa Keal, 

Portugal. 



Huelva, Spain . . 



San Lucar, Spain . 



1899 



1883 



San Julian 

Old Dock 

Patent Slip (1,000 tons) . 



437i 
256 



Feet. 
405 



200 
(cradle) 



Feet. 
84 
53 
40 



Feet. 
34 
2U 



13J 



94 



None . 



None . 



Dry Dock. 



S9i 



None - 



Govt 

Govt.: 

No.l (building) . 

No. 2 

SampiTO's: 

Cacilhas No. 1 . . . 

Oacilhas No. 2 ... 
Patent Slip 



322J 



590 
360 



225 
150 



277i 



216 
145 

170 
(cradle) 



82 
45J 



27A 

32} 
26i 

14 

12i 

12 

12 



None . 



None . 



None . 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 

of the following European ports — Continued. 



343 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
eanbemade. 


Pipes; Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 

of largest 
that can 

be made. 


Kemarks. 


Spanish Govt. Dock- 
yard. 

Two private build- 
ing yards at La 
Qrana, 


1896 
1890 

1896 
1887 










At the dockyard all 


Large 


15in. diam., 
16 ft. long. 


25 in 


.Iton 


sorts of repairs to 
hull and machinery 
can be effected. 100- 
ton sheers on ba«in 
jetty. Vessels for 
Spanish navy built. 
At La Grana repairs 
to hull can be ef- 
fected afloat, but 
only small repairs 
can be done to ma- 
chinery at present. 

Repairs to machinery. 




such as a broken 
crank shaft, have 
been successfully 
carried out at Co- 
runa; repairs to hull 
requiring a dry 
dock would neces- 
sitate the vessel pro- 
ceeding to Ferrol. 

1 foundry, with facil- 












ities for ordinary re- 
pairs to machinery. 
















Portuguese Govt. 

Dockyard. 
Parry, H.,& Son 


1898 
1898 


Large 

Large 


Turn any 

size. 
Forge 6 in.; 

turn any 

size. 


Any size 

Any size. 


15 tons... 


There are several 
large private foun- 
dries, engineer 
shops, and boiler 
makers' establish- 
ments. By special 
permission from the 
Govt., repairs can 
be executed at the 
arsenal. The Govt. 
Dry Dock, when not 
occupied by na- 
tional vessels, is 
placed by the Portu- 
guese naval au- 
thorities at the dis- 
posal of foreign 
men-of-war. Largest 
vessels docked in 
Cacilhas Docks, 
1,200 and 450 tons, 
respectively. 




1898 

1892 
1883 










Repairs to machinery 












can be effected at 
the mine of S. Do- 
mingo, near Poma- 
rao, some distance 
up the river Gua- 
diana. 

One foundry and ma- 












chine shop, with 
facilities for ordi- 
nary repairs. 















344 



COALING, DOCKING, AND BEPAIBING 

Particulars of docking and repairing facilities 



Name of port. 



Date. 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



Length. 



Over Over 
all. blocks. 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 
on sill, 
H. W. 
ordiu'y 
springs. 



Rise of tide. 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



Seville, Spain. 



Cadiz, Spain . 



Algeciras, Spain . 
Gibraltar 



Malaga, Spain 

Almeria, Spain . . 
Cartagena, Spain 



Torrevleja, Spain. 
Alicante, Spain . . . 

Denia, Spain 

Valencia, Spain .. 



1898 
1898 
1898 



1883 
1898 



1897 



1898 
1898 



1883 
1899 
1899 
1899 



Tarragona, Spain. 



None . 



liet. 



JFeet. 



Feel. 



Govt.: 

No.l 

No. 2 

No.3 

Companla Trausatlantica . 
(Trocadero.) 



None . 



Govt, (building): 

No.l 

No.2 

No.3 



Dry Dock (proposed) . 



None . 



Floating, Govt 

Patent Slip (150 tons) . 

(Marrucos.) 
Dry Dock (building) . 



None 

None 

None , 

Three Dontoons. 



None . 



2594 
371 
219 
539 



237 
328 
192 
475 



54i 
70 
50 
64 



850 
550 
450 



260 



50 



61 
(cradle) 



65 



22 
22i 
164 

25 



294 
6 



des. 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 

of the following European ports — Continued. 



345 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 



Date. 



Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 



Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can bemade. 



Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can he 
brazed. 



Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 



Bemarks. 



Spanish Govt. Dock- 
yard. 

(Caracas.) 

Con^pafiia Transat- 
lafrjca. 
CK'oeadero.) 
Haraes, Thos., Sons 

Portilla, White & 

Co. 
Vea Murgia Co 



None 

H.B. M. Dockyard.. 

(New Mole.) 
HayneSiThos., Sons 
of. . 



Perrerla Heredia. 



Gimenez, Francisco . 



Spanish Govt. Dock- 
yard. 



1888 

1896 

1892 
1892 
1892 

1883 
1898 
1890 



1898 



Large. 



Hulls and 
machinery; 
large. 
Hulls and 
machinery, 
Machinery. 

Hulls; large 



Large.. 

All ordina- 
ry.machin- 
ery repairs. 

Large, to 
machinery. 



Ordlnar y 
repairs. 

Hulls built; 
machinery 
repaired; 
large. 



12in.diam. 
24 ft. long. 



18 in. brazed; 
8 in. bent". 



20in.diam., 
16 ft. long. 



27 in. 



None. . 



1883 



None... 
Gomez . 



1883 



None. 



Large. 



lOin. diam., 
forged and 
turned. 



5 tons. 



li tons. . . 



Extensive shops, with 
facilities for ordi- 
nary repairs to ma- 
chinery. 

50-ton sheers: 20-ton 
crane. A force of 
trained divers is 
maintained. 

60-ton sheers, with 17i 
to 22 ft. alongside at 
L. W. 



Contractors for a bat- 
tle ship of 9,000 tons 
for Spanish Govt. 



In addition there are 
several smaller es- 
tablishments. 



IGO-ton sheers at the 
dockyard; 30 -ton 
floating crane in 
harbor. 

There are 4 private 
establishments 
where repairs can 
be executed. 

The Floating Dock 
will lift 6,500 tons 
independently of 
the weight of the 
dock, and can re- 
ceive a vessel of 27 
ft. draught. It has 
taken a vessel 360 ft. 
long, 66 ft. beam. 

The Dry Dock is to be 
completed in 1900. 



There are several 
machine shops in 
Grao de Valencia, 
with faculties for 
all ordinary repairs 
to engines and boil- 
ers. Pontoons are 
for small vessels 
only. 



346 



COALING, DOCKING, AND EEPAIBING 

Particulars of docking and repairing facUitit 



Name of port. 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



Length. 



Over Over 
all. blocks. 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 
on sill, 
H.W. 
ordin'y 
springs, 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



Rise of tide 



Barcelona, Spain 



Palma, 
Majorca, 

Balearic Ids. 

Port Mahon, 
Minorca, 

Balearic Ids. 



Port Vendres, 

France. 



Cette, France. 



St. Louis du 
Rhone, 
France. 

Marseilles.France 



1898 



La Ciotat, Prance 



1898 



Depositing Dock (building) 
Patent Slip (600 tons) 



Gridiron (800 tons) . 



Fed. 
367 



Feel. 



265 
(cradle) 



Feel. 
75 



Fea. 



Patent Slip (900 tons) . 



350 
(cradle) 



28 
(cradle) 



Wet Docks: 

Canal Maritime 

Canal Lateral 

Bassln du Midi 

Darse de la Peyrade 

Wet Dock 



No.l 

No. 2 

No.3 

No.4 

No.5 

No.6 

Cie. des Docks et Entrepots: 

No.l 

Wet Docks: 

Bassln de la Joliette 

Bassins du Lazaret et de 
I'Arenc. 

Bassln de la Gare Mari- 
time. 

Bassln National 

Bassin de la Pin6de 



(L'gth) 

3,290 

1,968 
1,148 
1,968 

(L'gth) 
1,328 



595i 
361 
295 
295 
426i 
426i 



(L'gth) 
1,623 
2,460 

1,200 
3,035 



(B'dth) 
222 
328 
328 
328 
184 

(B'dth) 
990 



567 
3444 
279 
279 
410 
410 

566 

(B'dth) 

1,287 

755 to 

1,578 

1,715 

1,685 



328 
184 



72 



83i 
72 
544 
544 
544 
544 



230 

704 



164 

164 
164 
84 



18 



25 
21} 
21} 
21} 
21} 
21} 



26J 
28 



S.31 
N.31 



No tides... 



Cie. des Messageries Mari- 

times. 
Patent Slip .' 



704 



21} 



No tides. . 



FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WOULD. 
0/ the following European ports — Continued. 



347 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

{aolutfes for repairs 

to steamers. 



Date. 



Character 

ol repairs, 

large or 

small. 



Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
canoe made. 



Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 



Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 



Remarks. 



Alexander Bros. 



Large. 



La Maquinista Te- 
rrestre y Maritima. 



Vulcan Works. 
Arsenal Civil.. 



1898 



Engines 
of 2,000 
H.P. 



Large. 
Large. 



Turned 
shaft 18 
ft. long. 

Forge 25 
in.; turn 
12 in. di- 
ameter. 

Turn any 
size. 

Turn any 



12 in, 
33 in 

10 in 
15 in 



Of any de- 
scription. 



8 tons. 
35 tons. 



None. , 



La Maquinista Na- 
val Sociedad Ano- 



1883 



1898 



Large. 



24in.diam., 
30 ft. long, 
forged and 
turned. 



Forges et Chantiers 
de la Mfiditer- 
ran^e. 

Fiaiesinet & Cie 



Cie. des 
Maritimes. 



Hulls and 
machinery; 

large. 
Machinery 



1891 



Hulls and 
machinery; 
large. 



Made new marine en- 
gines. 

Forgingjs of any de- 
scription; capable of 
repairing all cltisses 
of ships and en- 
gines. 

The Depositing Dock 
is in 3 sections, 
121, 121, and 126 ft. 
long, with 18 pon- 
toons, and a lifting 
capacity of 6,000 
tons. 

Slip is not in good 
condition, and the 
owners will not be 
responsible for dam- 
age done to vessels. 



Minor repairs can be 
effected at the Pat- 
ent Slip. There is a 
Spanish arsenal for 
torpedo work. 



There are 2 engineer- 
ing establishments. 
Any small repairs 
not requiring the 
use of a dry dock 
can be executed. 



Bepairs of all kinds 
can be effected at 
the Dry Docks. In 
the repairing basin 
are 120-ton, 40-ton, 
and 25-ton sheers 
and 2 of 30 tons. 
The docks are enter- 
ed from a repairing 
ba^in, the entrance 
to which is from the 
Bassin National,and 
is 92 ft. in width, 
with a depth of 16J 
ft. 



The Compagnie des 
Messageries Mari- 
times build and re- 
pair their vessels, 
for which purpose 
there is every ap- 
pliance. Large cast- 
ings for the engines 
of their vessels are 
executed at Mar- 
seilles by the Com- 
pagnie des Forges 
et Chantiers de la 
M6diterran6e. 
Largest vessel 
docked, 506 by 50 ft. 



348 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Particulars of doekmg and repairing faciHl ies 



Kame of port. 


Date. 


Docks, etc. 
otherwise stated.) 


Length. 


Width 
at en- 
trance. 


Depth 
on sill," 
H.W. 
ordin'y 
springs. 


Rise of tide. 


Over 
all. 


Over 
blocks. 


Sp'gs. 


Neaps 




1899 
1899 
1899 

1899 
1899 
1899 

1899 
1899 
1899 
1896 
1890 

1898 

1889 
1894 


Arsenal Principal: 

No.l... 


Feet. 

247 
245 
292i 

325 
385i 
535 

427 
427 
492 


Feet. 

199 

189 

207i 

2S0i 
312 
484 

375 
375 


Peet. 

59} 
^4 

71* 
72J 
72J 

91» 
9U 
91} 


Feet. 

21i 
22i 
25i 

25i 
27+ 
27* 

32* 

32 

32 






La Sevne, 








No. 2 




No. 3 




Arsenal de Castigneau: 
No.l 




No. 2. . 




No. 3 




Arsenal de Mlssiessy: 

No.l 




No.2 




No.3 




No.4 






Forges et Chantiers de la 
Mfiditerranfie (LaSeyne) : 
2 Hydraulic Slips (2,000 
tons each) . 
Wet Dock: 

Bassin de Missiessy 












(L'gfll) 


(B'dth) 






Nice, France 


None 










ViUe&anche, 


Dry Dock 




212 


28 


9 






France. 
Cannes, France... 










Beaulieu, France . 


1894 
1894 

1894 
1899 
1899 

1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 
1898 

1894 


Patent Slip (building) 
















Patent Slip (building) 














Ajaccio, Corsica . . 


Patent Slip 




318 
(cradle) 


16 
(cradle) 




Bastia, Corsica 












Sayona, Italy 


Patent Slip 


164 

294 
540 
695 
327 
285 




49 

70 
82 
59 
82 
55t 

65 








Q^ioa, Italy 


(Vallega & Aonzo.) 
Bacinodi Darsena 


259 
525 
656 


19* 

81 

27} 

19* 


Noti 


aes... 




No.l 




No.2 




Floating (3,000 tons) 

Floating (building) (2,900 

tons). 
Patent SUp (1,200 tons) 



















FACILITIES OF THE POETS OF THE WOELD. 

0/ the follmmng European ports — Continued. 



349 



Shipyards, machine 

shops^ etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
canbemade 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 


Remarks. 


French Govt. Dock- 
yard (Toulon) . 

Forges et Chantiers 
de la M^diterra- 
n^e (La Seyne) . 

Dumontant & Cie. . . 
Giordan & Fils 

French Govt. Tor- 
pedo Dockyard. 


1892 
1890 

1889 
1886 

1894 
1898 










The sections of the 


Hulls and 
machinery 
large. 

Machinery; 

small. 
Machinery; 

small. 

Hulls and 
machinery; 
small. 








double dock, No. 3, 
Arsenal de Casti- 
gneau, are respec- 
tively 295 and 236 ft. 
Irag. 








masonry building 
slips at La Seyne, 2 
of which are fitted 
for use as marine 
railways for the re- 
pair of vessels; 100- 
ton electric crane. 
Bassin de Mis.siessy 
is reserved for Govt, 
ships. Arsenal de 
Castigneau: No. 3 
Dock is to be length- 
ened to 671 ft. Ar- 
senal de Missiessy: 
No. 3 Dock is under 
construction. No. 4 
Dock is proposed; 3 
floating docks for 
torpedo boats, 1 of 
which is double to 
take 2 small boats. 
















Very small repairs. 








































Stabilimento Oal- 

Stabiliniento Mig- 
liardi. 

Stabilimento Ser- 
vettaz. 

Italian GovtArsenal 

Ansaldo Works 
(Bombrini Bros., 
Sestri Ponente and 
San Herd' Arena). 

6ravero,E.,&Co.... 
(Foce.) 

Molinari, Tommaso . 

(WoBe.) 

Odero, N.,&Ferro.. 

(Sestri Ponente.) 


1890 
1890 
1890 

1898 
1898 

1890 

1890 
1890 


To hulls . . 










All ordina- 
ry repairs. 
Msichlnery 
repairs. 

Small; tor- 
pedo-boat 
and torpe- 
do work. 

Hulls and 
machinery; 
large. 

Hulls and 
machinery; 
large. 
Machinery; 

small. 
HullB and 
machinery; 
large. - 








In addition to the es- 
tablishments noted, 
there are iron and 
steel works at Ses- 
tri Ponente, Voltri, 
and Pri. 

120-ton floating crane; 
40-ton steam ham- 
mer; shipyard is at 
Sestri Ponente, en- 
gine and boiler shop 
at San Pier d' Arena. 

75-ton sheers; h y - 
draulic riveting ma- 
chine. 

The Baclno di Dar- 
sena is within the 
Royal Arsenal and 
at the head of the 
harbor. 


17in. dlam., 
forged and 
turned. 

No facilities 
for heavy 
forging. 

No facilities 
for heavy 
forging. 


20 m 


40 tons... 







350 



COAUNG, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Particulars of docking and repairing faciKties 



Name of port. 



Date. 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dr;^ docks, unless 

otlle^^vi&e stated.) 



Lengtli. 



Over 
all. 



OTer 
blocks. 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 
on sill, 

H.W. 
ordin'y 
springs. 



Rise of tide. 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



Genoa, Italy— 
Continued. 



Fid. 



fiel. 



Jtd. 



Spezia, Italy. 



1899 
1899 
1899 
1899 
1899 
1899 
1899 



Dry Docks: 

No.l 

No. 2 

No.S 

Ko.4 

No.S 

No.6 (building) 

2 Steel Pontoons (125 tons) . 

12 Slipways, each 



357i 
429i 
4291 
857i 
705t 
, 492 

105 
(each) 

400 



Leghorn Italy. 



1898 
1898 

1898 



Orlando Bros 

Patent Slip (1,500 tons) . 



Patent Slip (1,500 tons) 

Wet Docks: 

NuovoDarseno 

Darsena della Stazlone 
Maritlma. 



ClTitaVecchia, 

Italy, 

Pozzuoli, Italy... 



1899 



None . 



71 
77i 
77i 

71 
105 

90 



77j 
27 

(cradle) 
27 

(cradle) 
72 



29J 
29i 
291 
29i 
SS 
S2t 



2S 



24i 



No tides. . . 



li 



FACILITIES OP THE PORTS OP THE WORLD. 

of the following European ports — Continued. 



351 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

faoiuties for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can be made. 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 


Remarks. 

• 


Podesta,, Carlo 


1890 


Hulls only; 








No. 2 Dock has a total 


(Sestri Ponente.) 




small. 








length of 656 ft. and 


RoncalloBros 


1890 


Hulls and 








can be subdivided 


(San Pier d' Arena.) 




machinery. 








by 2 caissons Into 


Soeieta, Cooperativa 


1890 


Machinery. 








docks of 295 ft. and 


di Produzione. 












361 ft., 426 ft. and 230 


Sooieta di Naviga- 


1890 


Ordinary 








ft., respectively. 


aione Ge n e r a 1 e 




repairs to 
hulls and 








The Kaiser Wilhelm 


Italiana. 










11, of 11,000 tons dis- 


(Plorio-Rnbattino.) 




machinery. 








placement, 456 ft. 
long and 51ft. beam, 


Wilson & Maclaren . 


1890 


Machinery: 












large. 








was docked 'in this 
dock. 


Odero,N.,& Ferro .. 
(Sestri Ponente.) 


1896 


Large 


Forge loin. 




35 tons. . . 


Building 3 steamers, 






diam. 






each of 2,200 tons. 


Metallurgica Li- 
quire. 


1895 


Machinery; 








Plates and any shapes 
of open-hearth steel 




all kinds. 








(Sestri Ponente.) 












furnished. 


Snpiet»l Esercizio 


1895 


Machinery; 
large. 








All kinds, well and 


Basino. 










cheaply furnished. 


Davidson &Co 


1897 


Ordinary. 


' 






At San Pier d' Arena 
there is a very large 
boiler shop, and the 
coppersmith's shop 
has lately been en- 
larged. This estab- 
lishment is capable 
of executing repairs 
to machinery of 
ironclad ships. 


Italian Govt. Dock- 
yard. 


1891 


Facilities 
for large 








160-ton, 100-ton, and 








60-ton cranes. No. 






work of 








5 Dry Dock will 






all kinds; 








take, at the same 






building 








time, a vessel of 886 






and re- 








ft. length In the 






pairing. 
Ordinary 








Inner section, and 


Baffico&Co 


1889 








' one of 295 ft. in the 






repairs. 
Hulls and 
machinery; 








outer. 


Continental Lead 
and Iron Co. 


1890 








Marine work discon- 








tinued by this es- 


(Pertusola.) 




large. 
Ordinary 








tablishment, 1891. 


Larini, Nathan & Co. 


1895 


550 - pound 


Any size 


25 tons... 


Have a slip 147.6 ft. 






repairs. 


steam ham- 
mer. 






long, on which they 
can haul up vessels 
up to 9 ft. draught. 


























No. 3 Dock can take 














the largest Italian 














man-of-war. No. 5 














can take in vessels 














of the Italia class. 














with their guns on 
board, and the 


























steam vessel Ameri- 














ca, 468 ft. in length. 














has been docked. 














The pontoons and 














slipways are only 














for the use of tor- 














pedo boats. 


Orlando Bros 


1889 


Hulls and 
machinery; 
large. 


14 in. diam., 
forged; 
any size, 
turned. 


20 in 


40 tons... 


70-ton crane. 

Metallurgica Italiana 
furnish tubes and 
pipes in copper, and 
Muntz metal of any 


Piorentini & Cappi. . 


1889 


Machinery; 












ordinary 








size. 






repairs. 








Largest vessel docked, 


Gambaro Bros 


1889 


Castings 
and minor 








4,580 tons gross, and 
22i ft. draught. Slips 
are hydraulic. 






repairs to 
machinery. 








Metallurgica Italiana 


1895 










None 


1887 










2 large blacksmith 












shops. 


i __ 


1890 










Sir W. Armstrong & 


It ■■*"•■"■■• -- 










Co.; 160-ton sheers. 



352 



JS. 



COAIiING, DOCKING, AND BEPAHtlNG 

Particuiars of docking and repairing facUiiiies 



Name of port. 


Date. 


Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, nnlea 

othenvise stated.) 


Length. 


Width 
at en- 
trance. 


Deptli 
on sill, 

H.W. 
ordin'y 
springs. 


Rise of tide. 


Over 
all. 


Over 
blocks. 


Sp'gs 


Neaps 


Maddalena, 


1SS6 
1897 

1891 

1899 
1895 

1889 

1889 

1898 
1899 


Slipway (2,000 tons) 

(Id. of Caprera.) 
Floating Dock 


Feet. 
264 
(cr'dle) 


Feet. 


Feel. 


Feel. 






Sardinia. 












Cagliari, Sardinia. 












Naples, Italy 


Govt. Dockyard 


247 
105 


229 


64 
18 


22 








Floating (torpedo boats) . . . 
None 






Castellamare, 




Italy. 
Saleirno, Italy 
















MfBsina, Sicily 


Govt 


360 
262i 


845 


80 


28 








Slipway (2,000 tons) 






Milazzc, Sicily 








Palermo, Sicilv. . . 


1899 

1899 

1899 

1899 

1899 
1899 
1899 
1899 


Patent Slip 


232 


190 
(cradle) 


36 
(cradle) 


f 13 
I 21 


Noti 


aes... 


Marsala, Sicily 


None 


Qirgenti, Sicily... 


None 














Licata, Sicily 


Two slipways, small 














Valetta, Malta.... 


H. B. M. Dockyard: 

Outer Dock 


468 
526i 


^2^^ 
427i 
620 


8U 
94 


S3t 
86i 


Noti 


des... 








Sonlerse^ Dock 




Hamilton Dock 



FACILITIES OF THE POETS OP THE WOKLD. 

of the following European ports — Continued. 



353 



SMpyaids, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 



Date. 



Ghaiactei 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 



Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
canbemade. 



Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 



Castings: 
Weight 

of largest 
that can 

be made. 



Kemarks. 



Fondeiia Stefano 
Daglio (Enrico 
Peltz) . 

Italian Gtovt. Dock- 
yard. 



Armstrong (Sir W. 

G.) Mitoiiell&Co. 

(Pozzuoli.) 



PatUson.C. &T.T., 



Society Industriale 
Napoletana (Gup- 
py & Co.) . 



Italian Govt. Dock- 
yard. 

SocietEl Anonima Im- 
presa Industriale 
ItaUana. 

Fonderia Pratte 



1899 



Marchesano, Gaeta- 
no. 

StabUimento Mec- 

canico (adjoining 

dry dock) . 
Fonderia Archimede 

(F. Manganaro) . 
Errante, Florio & 

Rickards. 



Corsi, Pietro. 



Fonderia Oretea . . . . 
(Navigazione Ge- 
nerale ItaUana.) 

Panzera, Francesco . 



None 

None 

None 

H.B.M. Dockyard .. 



Pontoon Dock and 

Eng'g Works. 
T.Downes 



. 



1897 



1897 



1898 
1889 



1892 
1892 



1890 
1895 



Machinery; 
small. 



Large, to 
machinery 
(hulls at 
Castella- 
mare). 
Hulls 



Large, 
ichi] 



12477- 



1889 
1898 
1889 



1886 
1883 
1898 

1898 
1895 

-23 



to 
machinery: 

small hull! 

built. 

Large, t o 
machinery. 



Hulls only; 
large. 



6in.diam., 
10 ft. long. 



lOin.diam. 
forged and 
turned. 

4in. diam., 
forged; 
large sizes 
turned. 



No facilities. 



Any size. . 
Any size.. 



Machinery; 

large. 
Machinery; 

small. 

Large, of 
all kinds. 

Machinery; 
large. 

Hulls and 
machin- 
ery; large 
repairs. 



Machinery; 

ordinary 

repairs. 

Large, to 

hulls and 

machinery. 

Machinery; 

ordinary 

repairs. 






Large, of 
all kinds. 

All ordina- 
ry repairs. 

Machinery; 
small. 



8 in. diam. 



12 in. diam., 
26 ft. long. 



Largest sizes 
tnH.B.M. 
navy. 



2 tons. 



8 tons. . 



10 tons. 



Any size- 



Any size. 



Any size 



Any size. 



20 tons. 



12 tons... 



One shop with facili- 
ties for minor re- 
pairs. Floating 
sheers, 140 tons. 
Floating Dock for 
torpedo boats only. 



Plans approved for 
2 docks, 490 and 
410 ft. long, respec- 
tively. 

Devoted principally 
to gun construction; 
187-ton crane on 
wharf, 32} ft. of 
water alongside. 

Excellent faculties. 



Vessels are taken to 
Naples to be en- 
gined and fitted. 



36-ton steam hammer. 

Errante, Florio & 
Sickards have large 
facilities for coal- 
ing, docking, and 
repairs. 

Largest vessel docked, 
Italian man-of-war 
Stromboli, 3,470 
tons, 283 by 43 ft.; 
draught, 19 ft. 



40-ton crane on north 
mole; a dry dock is 
proj ected, to be 663J 
ft. long and 56| ft. 
wide at entrance, 
with a depth of 
water on siU of 23i 
ft. 



160-ton crane, 60-ton 
crane, and 30-tou 
sheers at dockyard. 

The width between 
the columns of the 
hydraulic Utt is 62i 



354 



COALING, DOCKING, AND EEPAIBING 

Particulars of docking and repairing faciUtks 



Name of port. 



Date. 



Docks, etc. 
(Basin diy docks, unless 
otherwise stated.) 



Length. 



Over Over 
all. blocks. 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 
on sill, 
H. W. 
ordin'y 
springs. 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



Else of tide. 



Valetta, Malta — 
Continued. 



Syracuse, Sicily. 
Catania, Sicily.. 

Taranto, Italy .. 



1899 
1899 



1899 



1899 
1899 



Gallipoli, Italy ... 
Brindisi, Italy 



1899 
1899 



Bari, Italy 

Molfeta, Italy-. 

Trani, Italy 

Barletta, Italy . 
Eodi, Italy 

Ancona, Italy. . 



1899 



1893 
1899 
1883 

1899 



Pontoon Dock and Eng'g 
Works: 

PontoonNo.l (2,600 tons) 

PontoonNo.2(l,200tons) 
Patent Slips: 

French Creek 

The Marsa 



210 



69^ 
56 



Feet. 



18} 
18i 



Two slipways. , 
None 



Govt. Dockyard: 

Principe di Napoli, 

stone (2 sections) . 

Queirolo's Patent Slip 

Floating Dock 

(Torpedo boats.) 



196i 
252 



105 



41 
32i 



No tides - 



None 

Patent Slip (S. Mania) . 
Slip (Pointe Piccolo) .. 

Slip (S. Apollinare) 

Slip fS. Apollinare) 

Slip (Impresa Dim) 



124i 

127J 

164 

131 

200 



65i 
164 
65i 



None . 



Building slip for small ves- 



65i 



32} 



Si 



Small slip . 

None 

None 



None . 



FACILITIES OF THE POETS OF THE "WORLD. 



355 



of the foUovjing European ports — Continued. 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facinties for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 

length of 
largest that 
can be made. 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 

of largest 
that can 

be made. 


Remarks. 


, 












An additional 38 ft. 
can be obtained 
with the caisson in 
the outer stop at 
Hamilton Dry Dock. 




1898 

1899 
1889 

1895 


Medlvun . . 


36 in. diam., 
15 ft. long. 


24 in 


5 tons 


Three machine shops. 


Italian Govt. Dock- 
yard. 

Queirolo, Cav. Giu- 
seppe. 

Fonderia Giuseppe 
Fago. 


with good facilities 
for minor repairs. 

The Italian Govt, is 


All ordina- 
ry repairs. 

Minor re- 
pairs. 








constructing a na- 
val arsenal and 
dockyard. A build- 
ing sUp 656 ft. long, 
workshops and 
smithy, and a build- 
ing for heating iron 
and armor plates 
are completed. 

160-ton hydraulic 
crane; 75-ton float- 
ing derrick. 

Floating cranes; 5-ton 








steam hammers. 
Large plant; to be a 
flrst-class dockyard; 
not completed. 
The Principe di Na- 
poli can be subdivid- 
ed into two docks, 
the outer being 394 
ft., the inner 328 ft. 
long. Another dock, 
525 ft. long, is to be 
built, and also one 
for torpedo boats. 
The Re Umberto, 
13,298 tons, len|rth 
400 ft., beam 75i It., 
has been docked. 




1898 

1891 

1889 
1889 










Two machine shops, 
with facilities for 
minor repairs. 

The Patent Slips are 
suitable for vessels 
of 200 and 700 tons, 
but are very much 
out of repair. 

Kxtensive establish- 


Lindemann, Gugli- 

elmo. 
DeBlasio, Francesco 
De Giorgio.Giuseppe 


Machinery 

Machinery, 
Machinery. 












' 


ment. 






























None 


1883 

1898 
1891 












Cattro &Co 


Large, to 
machinery. 
Machinery. 


23 ft. long, 
turned. 


Any size 


26 tons. . . 


Small hulls built- 20- 


Paasabacqua, Anto- 
nio. 


ton crane. 



356 



COALING, DOCKING, AND KEPAIRING 

Particulars of docking and repairing facililUs 



Name of port. 



Rimini, Italy . 



Ravenna, Italy . 



Venice, Italy . 



Trieste, Austria . . . 



Pola, Austria . 



Date. 



1897 
1897 
1897 



1897 
1897 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



Patent Slip . 



Govt. Slipway (stone) . 



Govt. Dockyard: 

No. 1 (atone) 

No. 2 (stone) 

Patent Slip (200 tons) . 



Austrian Lloyds 

San Rocco 

Patent Slip (2,100 tons) . . . . 

(Morton's.) 
Pontoon (40 tons) (Govt.) . 



Balance or Floating (2,500 

tons) (Govt.) 
Govt.: 

No.l 

No.2 



Length. 



Over 
all. 



feet. 
108i 

295 



525 
295 



423i 
414 



467 
408 



Over 
blocks. 



Fset. 



499 
255i 



396 

394 

222 

(cradle) 



438 
358 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Feel. 
98J 



(slip) 



68 

66 

53 

(cradle) 



88 



85 
89} 



Depth 
on sill, 

H.W. 
ordin'y 
springs. 



Rise of tide. 



Sp'gs. Neap- 



IM. 



28i 
194 



28 



27J 
29^ 



Si 



PAOILITrES OF THE PORTS OF THE WOBIiD. 



357 



of the foUowmg European ports — Continued. 



Shipyards, machine 

Bhops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 



Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 



Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can be made 



Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can he 
brazed. 



Caftings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 



Hemarks. 



Govt. Dockyard and 
Arsenal. 



De Marco, Yianello- 
MoTO & Co. 

Frederico Layet 



Neville & Co . 



1891 



1895 



1895 



Anstro-Hunga r i a n 
Lloyds. 

Brnnner, Angnst 



Holt, Thomas 

Metlicovltz, A 

Stabilimento Tec- 
nico. 



W. B. Greenbaum . . . 



Imperial Anstrian 
Naval Dockyard. 



1891 

1891 
1891 
1898 



1895 



Large hulls 
built; all 
ordinary 
repairs 
to ma- 
chinery. 

Machinery; 
all ordina- 
ry repairs. 

Machineryj 
castings, 
etc. 

Machinery; 
large. 



Hulls and 
machinery; 

large. 

Engine 
repairs. ' 
Machinery. 
Machinery. 
Hulls and 
machinery; 

large. 
Machinery 



Small. 



Lsrrge. 



Turn, any 
size. 

24 in. diam. 
30 ft. long, 
turned. 



18 in. dlam., 
30 ft. long. 



12 in. diam., 
20 ft. long. 

Can turn 
any size 
shaft. 



Anysize 



Anysize 



Any size . . . 



Any size. 



48 in. 
Any s 



Small. 



8 tons. 
12 tons.. 



32 tons... 



36 tons. 



160-ton crane; 30-ton 
sheers. 



40-ton crane. Largest 
forging made 
weighed IJ tons. 



The dockyard of the 
Austro-Hunga r i a n 
Llo^d Co. is very ex- 
tensive, and com- 
prises departments 
for building, fitting 
out, and repairing 
ships. It is well 
provided with 
workshops and ma- 
chinery. 

Stabilimento Tecnico 
claims to have cast 
the largest and 
heaviest cylinders 

Fut on board ship; 
arge stock of 
drawn-copper pipe 
up to 3.5 in.; 1 4-ton 
hammer; small 
forgings. 

W.B.Greenbavun has 
a stock of soUd 
drawn pipe up to 3 
in. diameter; manu- 
factures automatic 
submarine mines. 

The Austrian Lloyds 
Dock has taken a 
vessel 390 by 45 ft., 
draught 19 ft. 

The length of the San 
Rocco Dock can be 
made 394, 288, or 226 
ft. on the blocks by 
altering the caisson. 
It has taken a ves- 
sel 301i by 58 ft., 
draught 24i ft. 



20- ton steam hammer. 

The length of No. 1 
Dock can be in- 
creased to 447 ft. on 
the blocks with the 
cajsson in the outer 
stop. Largest ves- 
sel docked, 7,390 
tons. 



358 



COALING, DOCKING, AND EEPAIRING 

Particulars of docking and repairing facilUies 



Name of port. 


Date. 


Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 


Length. 


Width 
at en- 
trance. 


Depth 
on sill, 

H. W. 
ordin'y 
springs. 


Rise of tide. 


Over 
all. 


Over 
blocks. 


Sp'gs. 


Neaps 


Flume, Austria 


1898 
1898 
1898 


Pontoon (30 tons) (Govt.) .. 

Floating (2,000 tons) 

Floating (proposed) 


Feet. 
70 
200 
131 


Feel. 


Feet. 


Feet. 


IJ 






194 


55J 


.f...... 










Cattaro, Austria .. 


1883 
1899 

1899 

1899 
1899 


None . . . 














Corfu, 


None 














Id. of Corfu, 
Greece. 
















Id. of Cephalonia, 
Greece. 

Fatras, Greece 


None 














Zante, 


None 














Id. of Zante, 
Greece. 

Navarino, Greece 1 
















Kalamata, Greece . 


1899 
1895 

1899 

1899 
1899 
1893 

1886 
1899 

1899 
1899 


None 















Poros, Greece 
















Piraeus, Greece 


Govt. Floating (3,000 tons) . . 

(SalamisBay.) 
Dry Dock No. 1 (proposed) . . 
Dry Dock No. 2 (proposed) . . 
Patent Slip (proposed) 


311i 
341 




69 


21 

291 
25 


























Ergasteria, 


None 










Greece. 

Syra, 


Patent Slip (1,600 tons) 








{ l^ 






Id. of Syra, 
Greece. 

Volo, Greece 


None 












Salonica, Turkey . 


None 































FACILITIES OV THE POETS OF THE WORLD. 

of the following European ports — Continued. 



359 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 

length of 
largest that 
can be made. 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 


Remarks. 


Whitehead & Co.... 

Howaldt Shipbuild- 
ing Co. 


1895 
1895 


Machinery 

Hulls and 
machinery. 


One 1-ton 
steam ham- 
mer. 


Any size 


8 tons 


Whitehead plant has 
been enlarged to re- 
pair engines and 
boilers. 

The Howaldt Ship- 
building Co. has a 
new and extensive 
shipbuilding yard 
with 3 building 
slips; 6 vessels have 
been built; Govt, 
will build anew ba- 
sin, of which the 
company will have 
the use. 

The proposed dock is 
to be worked in con- 
junction with the 
present one, giving 
it a lifting power of 
5,000 tons in all. 


















1889 

1883 

1889 
1889 










Facilities for minor 


None 










repairs. 












Facilities for minor 












repairs. 












repairs. 
















Russian Naval Dock- 
yard. 

Greek Govt. Dock- 
yard. 

(Salamis Island.) 
Basiliades, G., & 

Sons. 

Vulcan Engine 
Works (McDowell 
& Barbour) . 

None 


1895 

1893 
1890 

1890 

1886 
1889 

1889 
1883 










Dockyard leased to 
Russian Govt.; is 
being equipped for 
service of Russia's 
naval Mediterra- 
nean fleet; 20-ton 
crane. 

60-ton sheers. 


Ordinary 
repairs. 

Machinery; 
all ordina- 
ry repairs. 

Large, to 
machinery. 








4 in. diam., 
30 ft. long, 
forged and 
turned. 

8 in. diam., 
forged ; 
large sizes 
turned. 


Any size 

Any size 


10 tons. 
10 tons. 


Vulcan Engine Works 

has 30-ton sheers. 
Largest vessel docked 

in the Floating 
sDock, 3,121 tons, 372 

ft. in length, 39. 4 ft. 

beam, and 30.8 

depth of hold. 


Hellenic Steam 
Navigation Co. 


All ordina- 
ry repairs; 
large boil- 
er work. 






Large.... 








Slip has taken a ves- 
sel 1,880 tons, 323 ft. 
long. 

Some facilities for 












very slight repairs. 















360 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Particulars of docking and repairing facUMes 



Name of port. 



Date. 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



Length. 



Over Over 
all. blocks. 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 
on sill, 

H.W. 
ordin'y 
springs. 



Rise of tide. 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



Dardanelles, 

Turkey. 



Constantinople, 
Turkey. 



Varna, Bulgaria.. 
Sulina, Roumania, 
Galatz, Roumania. 



Ibrail, Roumania. 



Rustchuk, 

Bulgaria. 



Turnu Severin, 
Roumania. 



Odessa, Russia 



1884 



1898 
1898 
1898 



1898 



None . 



Feel. 



Feet. 



Feet. 



Feet. 



1899 
1899 



1896 

1897 
1897 



Govt.: 

No.l 

No.2 

No.3 

No. 4 

Floating 

Patent Slip {500 tons) 



Patent Slip {670 tons. 

{Chirket i Hairi. 

Patent Slip (450 tons. 

(Buyukdere.) 



None 

None , 

Floating (building) 

Govt. Floating (bmlding) , 

Wet Dock 



Wet Dock . 
None 



Dry Dock (shallow) 

(For river steamers.) 



Bellina-Fendrick Co.: 

Broadside Patent Slip.. 
(1,200 tons.) 
Russian Steam Navigation 
Co.: 
Broadside Patent Slip . . 
(1,000 tons.) 



383 
283 
256 
258 
275 



262 

147 

(L'gth) 

1,640 



1,640 



344 
280 
256 
244 
250 
120 

(cradle) 
176 

(cradle) 
154 

(cradle) 



(B'dth) 
395 



395 



No tides. 



194 



19i 



No tides.. 



>tide 



FACILITIES OF THE POETS OF THE WORLD. 

of the follomng European ports — Continued. 



361 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
canoe made 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 


Remarks. 




1883 

1898 

1898 

1891 
1891 
1898 










1 machine shop, with 
facilities for minor 
repairs. 


Turkish Govt. Dock- 
yard (Golden 
Horn.) 

Britannia Iron 
Works (J.Jones 
&Co.). 

Gayaffian & B o - 
monti. 

Clyde Engine 
Works. 

Gomubia Steam 
Works (Bond & 
Co.). 


Hulls and 
machinery 

large. 

Large, to 
machinery 

General 
repairs. 

Large, to 
machinery 

Large, to 
machinery 






6 tons 

5 tons. 

5 tons. 


24in.diam. 
20 ft. long 
turned. 

16in. diam., 
25 ft. long, 
turned. 


15 in 

Any size 


floating sheers. 

The Imperial Dock- 
yard can undertake 
any repairs, having 
a large and well- 
found plant. 

Britannia Iron Works 
have 20-ton sheers. 

The length on blocks 
of No. 1 Dock can be 
increased by 13 ft. 
by using the wood 
caisson instead of 
the gates. Nos.2,3, 
and 4 are closed by 
wood caissons of a 
most primitive type. 
Nos. 8 and 4 can be 
used as one dock. 
Largest vessel dock- 
ed, 8,990 tons, 331 ft. 
by 59 ft., draught, 25 
ft. 




























The Floating Dock is 
in two sections, 
which can be used 
either separately or 
combined, and will 
have a total lifting 
power of 2,400 tons. 
The Govt. Dock will 
have a lifting capac- 
ity of 30O tons. 
















1883 










Bwy. workshops af- 
ford facilities for 
minor repairs to 
machinery. 












Bellina^FendrickCo, 

Russian Steam Nav- 
igation and Trad- 
ing Co. 


1898 
1889 


Hulls and 
m achin- 
ery;large. 

Hulls and 
machinery. 


Forge 6 in. 
diam . ; 
turn 10 in. 


7 in 


10 tons... 


40-ton floating crane. 

l-atent Slips can take 
vessels of 800 and 700 
tons, respectively, 
if less than 245 ft. 
long and lightened 
to 8 ft. draught. 
Largest vessel taken 
up, 1,032 tons (gross), 
212 ft. long, 301 ft. 
beam, and lighten- 
ed to 7J ft. draught. 
Slips have 9 and 10 
cradles, respective- 
ly. Vessels are 
hauled up broadside 
on to the quay, sup- 
ported on chocks, 
and the cradle with- 
drawn. 





362 



OOAltNG, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Particulars of docking and repairing facilities 



Name of port. 



Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 



Length. 



Over Over 
all. blocks. 



Width 
at en- 
trance. 



Depth 
on sill, 
H. W. 
ordin'y 
spring. 



Rise of tide. 



Sp'gs. Neaps 



Nicolaieff, Russia. 



1896 



Slip Dock (1,200 tons) .. 
(Morton's patent.) 



250 



Feel. 



Jteet 



Peel. 
19 



No tides , . 



Sebastopol.Russia 



1899 
1899 
1890 

1899 

1899 



Govt 

Govt. (Alexandra) 

Depositing Sectional (Govt.) 
(6,000 tons.) 

Patent Slip (600 tons) 

(Govt.) 

Patent SUp (1,500 tons) 

(Russian Steam Navigation 
Co.) 



599 
550 



80 

(cradle) 

250 

(cradle) 



85 

85 

72 

144 



No tides... 



Kertch, Russia 

Mariopol, Russia. . 
Taganrog, Russia 



Rostofi-on-Don, 
Russia. 



1889 
1889 
1899 



1898 



1898 



None 

None 

Slipway (300 tons) . 



Scaramanga & Co.: 

Patent Slip (700 tons) . . . 

Alexander Storoshenko: 

Broadside Patent Slip . . 

(Capable of taJdng on 4 

steamers of 500 tons.) 

Volga-Don Steam Nav. Co.; 

Broadside Patent Slip . . 

(Capable of taking on 2 

steamers of SOO tons.) 



100 



317 



200 
(cradle) 

180 
(cradle) 



160 
(cradle) 



F-d.lJ; 
aft, 7, 



No tides. 



FACILITIES OP THE PORTS OF THE WORLD. 

of the following European parts — Continued. 



363 



Shipyards, machine 

shops^etc, having 

faciuties for lepaiis 

to steamers. 



Russian Govt. Dock- 
yard. 

Chantiers Navales 
de Nikolaev. 



Russian Govt. Dock- 
yard. 



Russian Steam Nav- 
igation and Trad- 
ing Co. 



Date. 



Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 



Hulls and 
m achin- 
ery;large, 

Large 



Large. 



1889 



Graham & Co . . . 
Lemaroff & Co . . 
Postonkofl & Co. 



1891 
1891 
1891 



Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can be made 



20 in. by 50 
ft. 



Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
■brazed. 



48 in. 



Hulls and 
machin- 
eryilarge, 



Ordinary 
repairs to 
machinery 
Ordinary 
repairs to 
machinery. 
All ordi- 
nary re- 
pairs. 



24 tons wt. 
forged. 



Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 



60 tons. 



48 tons.. 



45 tons. . 



Remarks. 



Harbor closed by iee 
from December to 
March. A 50-ton 
floatlngdarrick; has 
3 building slips. 
There are work- 
shops capable of ex- 
ecuting repairs to 
hull or machinery. 
The fitting shops 
are well supplied 
with modern ma^ 
chinery. 

The works of the 
Chantiers Navales 
will, when com- 
pleted, be among 
the finest in Europe. 
Machines are being 
set up for punching 
IJ-in. plates. Hy- 
draulic riveters are 
used. 80-ton sheers. 



Moating sheers of 100 
tons capacity; 2 
building slips; 6-ton 
steam hammer; 80- 
ton sheers. 

The workshops of the 
Imperial Dockyard 
are fitted with all 
necessary appli- 
ances, and construct 
engines and boilers. 

80-ton sheers; 60-ton 
and 30-ton fioating 
cranes; yard to pass 
into possession of 
Govt, in 1894. 

The sectional dock 
(formerly located 
at NlcolaiefE) has 
taken a vessel 390 
ft. long; by special 
arrangement of the 
pontoons, this dock 
takes the circular 
monitors and the 
Opit (formerly Liv- 
adia), the latter of 
153 ft. beam. 

A vessel of 10,181 tons 
displacement and 
27 ft. draught has 
been docked in the 
Govt. Dry Dock, 



40-ton and 30-ton 
cranes at the repair- 
ing slips. 



Iron river steamers 
built. 



364 



COALING, DOCTOKG, ASH KEPAIKENG 

Particulars of dodang and rqoairing facHities 



Xame of port 


Date. 


Docks, etc 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 


Length. 


Width 
at en- 
trance. 


Depth 
on sill, 

H W. 
ordin'y 
springs. 


Rise of tide. 


Over 
all. 


Over 
blocks. 


Sp'gs. 


Neaps 




1899 




net. 


fyxt. 


IM. 


fM. 






Russia. 
















Potl, Russia 


1899 


None 
















1S99 


















1899 
















Asiatic Turkey. 
















Samsoun, 


1899 
















Asiatic Turkey. 


















1SS9 
















Asiatic Turkey. 
















Mitylene, 


1883 
















Id.of Mitylene, 
Asia Minor. 
















Smyrna, 


1898 


Patent SUp (500 tons) 














Asia Minor. 


(HamiedieCo.) 














Castro, 


1885 


None 














Id. of Chios, 
Asia Minor. 
















Vathi, 


1885 


None 














Id. of Samos, 
Asia Minor. 
















Snda Bay, Crete .. 


1899 


None .- 














Rhodes, 


1899 


None -...,,,.,. 














Id. of Rhodes, 
Asia Minor, 
















Limasol, Cyprus . . 


1899 
1899 
1899 


None 














Larnaca, Cyprus.. 
















Mersina, 


None 














Ama Minor. 
















Alexandretta, 


1899 


None 














Asia Minor. 
















Latakia, Syria.... 


1883 
1899 


None 














TrlpoU, Syria 


None 































FACIXITIES OF THE POETS OF THE "WORLD. 



365 



0/ the foUowing European ports — Continued. 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
canoemade. 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 


Remarks. 


Standard Petroleum 
Co. 


1890 


All ordi- 
nary re- 
pairs. 


















Batoum Naphtha 
and Trading Co. 

H. Ton Schmidt auf 
Altenstadt. 

Russian Steam Nav- 
igation and Trad- 
ing Co. 


1898 

1898 
1898 


Machinery; 
large. 

Moderate. 

Minor re- 
pairs. 


Forge 36 
in. long; 
turn 6 in. 
diam.,20 
ft. long. 

Turn 7 in. 
dlam.,16 
ft. long. 




3 tons 

1^ tons. 


The Harbor Board 




own a 20rton, and 
the Russian Steam 
Navigation Co. a 40- 
ton floating crane. 






























1885 
1883 

1898 

1887 
1896 

1885 

1885 

1886 

1889 

1886 










Wooden shipbuilding 
carried on. 












Rankin & Demas . . . 


Ordinary . 

Large, to 
machinery. 


Small sizes. 


10 in 


2 tons; 
brass 
800 lbs. 

li tons. 

2 tons; 
brass 
600 lbs. 


Papps & Co. have a 10- 
ton steam hammer; 
in addition to this 
establishment, two 
others afford facili- 
ties for all ordinary 
repairs to machin- 
ery. 

One small machine 
shop. 


Eice&Co 














None 










Turkish Govt. Dock- 
yard. 

None 


Ordinary 

repairs to 

machinery. 
















Wooden shipbuilding 
carried on. 


None 






















None 


1883 
1883 












None 
























None 


1883 

























366 



OOALIKG, DOCKING, AND EEPAIBING 

Pariiculars of docking and repairing facUUies 



Name of port. 


Date. 


Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 


Length. 


Width 
at en- 
trance. 


Depth 
on sill, 
H.W. 
ordln'y 
springs. 


Rise of tide. 


Over 
all. 


Over 
blocks. 


Sp'gs. 


Neaps 


Beirut, Syria 


1899 

1683 
1883 
1899 
1899 

1896 

1898 

1898 
1898 


None 


Feet. 


Feet. 


Feet. 


JM. 






Sidon, Syria 


None 














Haifa, Syria 


None 














Jaffa, Syria 
















Port Said, Egypt.. 


Two Patent SUps (300 tons 
each). 

Govt 


230 

463 
600 


150 

(cradle) 


20i 

60 

79 
60 


9* 

18 

18i 
26 






Alexandria, Egypt 








Floating (3,700 tons) 

(Govemmentt . 

Dry Dock (proposed) 

Patent Slip (200 tons) 
















Benghazi, Africa . 


(Watson & Co.) 










Tripoli, Tripoli ... 


1899 
1899 

1895 

1887 
1899 

1899 
1899 

1899 

1899 
1899 
1899 


None 














Tunis, Tunis 


Dry Dock 


138J 


133 


22i 


12i 






■Rizfirtp, TiiTiis 








Bona, Algeria 


None 














Phllippeville, 


None 














Algeria. 
Algiers, Algeria. . . 


Govt. Docks, stone: 

No.l 


455.6 
248 


360 
180 


86.5 
73.3 


33 
25J 








No.2 






Oian, Algeria 


Slipway, small (for yessels 
of 200 tons) . 

None 


BeniSaf, Algeria.. 














Tangier, Morocco . 
















Rabat, Morocco. . . 


None 














Mogador, 


None 














Morocco. 

















it'AOILITIES OF THE POETS OF THE WORLD. 

of the, joVLovAng Miropean parts — Continued. 



367 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 


Date 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
can be made 


Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 

of largest 
that can 

be made. 


Remarks. 




1897 

1883 
1883 
1883 
1886 

1898 

1898 

1898 
1898 

1898 

1898 
1898 

1894 










No facilities for re- 


None 










pairs beyond black- 
smithing and light 
repairs to boilers. 


None 












None 












Port Said Engine 
Works. 

Suez Canal Co 

Dowdle & Co 

KhediTial Co. at the 

arsenal. 
Lighthouse Works 

at the Arsenal. 
■ (Egyptian Govt) . 
Alexandria Works, 

Hassolo Mohamed 

&Co. 

Autrefage, M. , & Co . 
Watson Bros 


All ordina- 
ry repairs 
tomachin- 

All ordina- 
ry rs^airs 
to machin- 
ery. 
Large 

Large 

Small 

Small 

Machinery; 
ordinary 
repairs. 

Machinery; 
ordinary 
repairs. 


6 in. diam., 
20 ft. long, 
forged and 
turned. 

12 in. diam., 
15ift.long, 
forged and 
turned. 

Turn 16 in. 
by 14 ft. 

9 in. diam., 
40 ft. long. 

3 in. diam., 
11 ft. long. 

Forge and 
turn? in. 
diam., 20 
ft. long. 

Small forge, 
10 in. turn, 
20 ft. long. 

Sin. diam., 
20 ft. long 
forged and 
turned. 


18 in 

7iin 

18 in 

Any size 

12 in 

12 in... 


2 tons. 

3 tons.... 

2i tons. 

7 tons 

Iton. 

4 tons. 

6 tons. 
3 tons. 


Floating sheers, "40 
tons. 

2 steam floating der- 
ricks, steam and 
hand cranes; hydrau- 
lic jacks, 100 tons. 
The Govt. Dock has 
been reported to be 
unavailable, the 
pumping engine 
having been re- 


Any size 


Very slight repairs. 












Govt. Arsenal 

(Goletta.) 

01e.de la Porte 


1899 
1899 


Small, to 
machinery. 

Small 
















A new French naval 
depot being estab- 






















40-ton floating der- 
rick. 

Three 20-ton sheers. 

Facilities for ordi- 
nary repairs to ma- 
chinery. 

Good facilities for all 
ordinary repairs to 
machinery. 


Dry Docks Repair 
(French Govt). 


1899 
1887 

1891 

1898 


Large, of 
allMnds. 
























Taylor&Son 


Slight.... 















































368 



COALING, DOCKING, AND BEPAIBIWG 

ParHcuMrg of docHng and repairing jcuaMies 



Name of port. 


Date. 


Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 


Length. 


Width 
at en- 
trance. 


Depth 
on sill, 
H.W. 
ordin'y 
springs 


Rise of tide. 


Over 
all 


Over 
blocks. 


Sp'gs. 


Neaps 


Giaciosa Id., 


1885 


None 


Jbsi. 


PeeL 


Feet. 


Feet. 






Azores. 
















Santa Cruz, 


1889 
















Flores Id., 

Azores. 
















Horta, Fayal, 


1899 


Patent Slip (nnfinishert) , . . „ 














Azores. 


































Azores. 


















Ponta Delgada, 


1898 
















St. Michaels, 
Azores. 
















Funchal,Madeira. 


1899 


None 














Santa Cruz, 


1898 


Patent Slip (200 tons) . 




44 
(cradle) 


15 
(cradle) 


f 12 
\ 16 


9 


7 


Tenerifle, 
Canary Ids. 






Las Falmas, 


1899 


Patent SUp (1,000 tons) 

• 


500 


200 
(cradle) 


} 


{ li 






Grand Canary, 
Canary Ids. 






Puerto de la Luz, 


1898 


Patent SUp (1,000 tons, 
building). 


' 


200 


30 


{ li 






Canary Ids. 






Porto Grande, 


1899 


None 














St. Vincent, 
Cape Verde Ids. 
















Porto Praya, 
Santiago, 
Cape Verde Ids. 


1899 


None 




























Dakar, Senegal . . . 


1885 


None 














Goree, Senegal 
















Bathurst, Gambia! 


1899 


None 





























FACILITIES OF THE PORTS OF THE WOBLD. 

of the following European ports — Continued. 



369 



Shipyards, macliine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities for repairs 

to steamers. 



Date. 



Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 



Shafts: Di 
ameter and 
length of 
largest that 
canbemade. 



Pipes: Diam- 
eter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 



Castings: 
Weight 
of largest 
that can 
be made. 



Eemarlzs. 



1885 



Breakwater Co. 



Small re- 
pairs to ma- 
chinery. 



Bensaude&Co 

Breakwater Works. 



Blandy Bros. & Co. . . 
Wm. Winton & Sons. 
Portuguese Foundry 



Grand Canary Co. 
Blandy Bros 



1898 
1898 

1887 



Ordinary 
repairs. 

Ordinary 
repairs. 



Small. 
Small. 
Small. 
Small. 



No facilities 
for heavy 
forgings. 



2 in. 



9in. diam. 



1898 



Millers & Nephew . 



Cory Bros 

Wilson, Sons & Co. 



None. 



None. 



None. 



Small. 



Small. 



Turn, 24 in. 
diam., 25 
ft. long. 



Win. 



12cwt. 



12477- 



-24 



Some facilities for 
minor repairs to 
machinery. 



Spare shafts sent from 
England have been 
placed in a steamer. 

Facilities for small 
repairs. 



Facilities for ordi- 
nary repairs. 



Facilities for ordi- 
nary repairs. There 
are 2 engineering 
establishments, with 
the latest improve- 
ments in plant and 
vmder intelligent 
management. 

Steam hammer can 
work metal 8 in. in 
thickness. There 
are also small 
lathes. Heavy re- 
pairing jobs have 
been executed satis- 
factorily. 

These firms have each 
slips for hauling up 
their steam tugs 
and coal lighters; 
also carpenter's and 
blacksmith's shops 

■ for ordinary repairs 
of plant, contain- 
ing forge, slicing 
machine, drilling 
and punching ma- 
chine, etc. 

Brass castings up to 
20 lbs. can be made. 

15-ton sheers. 



Large repairs to ma- 
chinery. 



370 



COALING, DOCKING, AND REPAIRING 

Particulars of docking and repairing facilities 



Name of port. 


Date. 


Docks, etc. 

(Basin dry docks, unless 

otherwise stated.) 


Length. 


Width 
at en- 
trance. 


Depth 
on sill 

H.W. 
ordin'y 
springs. 


Rise of tide. 


Over 
all. 


Over 
blocks. 


Sp'gs. 


Neaps 


Bulama, 






H:et. 


Feet 


Feet. 


Keet 






Bissagos Ids., 
Africa. 


1899 

issi; 

1899 
1899 

1898 
1898 
















Sierra Leone. 
Monrovia, Liberia 


None . 














Grand Bassam 
















(Ivory Coast) , 
Guinea. 

Elmina, Cape 


None 














Coast Castle, 
Accra, and 
Quitta 
(Gold Coast), 
Guinea. 

Whydah, 


None 














Dahomey. 
Lagos 


None 














(Slave Coast), 
Guinea. 

Old Calabar 
















(Slave Coast), 
Guinea. 

Isabel, 


1888 
1887 

1887 


None 














Fernando Po, 
Gulf of Guinea. 

Libreville, 


None 














Gaboon River, 
West Africa. 

Banana, 


None 














Congo River, 
West Africa. 















FACILITIES OP THE PORTS OP THE WOBLD. 

of tlie following European ports — Continued. 



371 



Shipyards, machine 

shops, etc., having 

facilities tor repairs 

to steamers. 


Date. 


Character 

of repairs, 

large or 

small. 


Shafts: Di- 
ameter and 
length of 
laigest that 
oanbemade. 


Kpes: Diam- 
meter of 

largest that 
can be 
brazed. 


Castings: 
Weight 
of laigest 
that can 
be made. 


Remarks. 




1898 
1898 
1886 










At Bvaama there is a 












smithy and a slip- 
way. 

No shipbuilding nor 












engineering works 
in the colony. 

There are 2 yards with 












facilities for build- 
ing schooners, light- 
ers, and boats. 
































1898 
1898 










Machine shop; facili- 
ties for minor re- 
pairs. 

One small machine 






















shop. 




1888 
1898 










Workshops for the 


Small 


• 








repair of steam 
launches, lighters, 
etc. 















III. 



APPENDIX. 

Page. 

Table showing evaporative power of various American and foreign coals 374 

Tests of coal, various, tabulated 376 

Table of equivalents governing issue and sale of fuel in U. S. Army 378 

Table showing specific gravity, weight, bulk, etc. , of various coals 379 

Analyses of coal, various, tabulated 379 

List of Cardiff and Newcastle coals used in H. B. M. Navy 383 



373 



374 



APPENDIX. 



mm 






e5 .= 






U( ^ i-C 



"fe. 



6 









SoaoaoaoaSoaaDco(nS}aocot«wwco£2a6wXco«iao^«£<-dcc^cco6QQcaaoS^ 















1 

> 

1 
a 





























J3 r r . 



=-.■=■2 b^ ° 






;5 : 'ajfi '3 

.T* /^■CJ Pj- J!t* 



; o ! <y s «i <o u 

>a2 •jMMhJoO 



SJ= . 







T-t«W«iJ'lO«Dt>aOOiOr-<C<lCC'*»a«Dt>> 



assssasassjaggassssffiss 



APPENDIX. 



375 



oJmmoJcJcnrooJaioioiddoJddodoiodoicJmQoiodeopoJmododoJoaiModoooooooot-coc-t-oieoos 




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ooooooooooogooooooooodooooooooo 

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pOS^-^S 






'O'3'O 

s Q a 

(D a> 0) 
OOP- 

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3 3 O 

ooo 






a" 
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u rt **; 

a;P^ «3 o o o o o 
bo? h o'O'O'Old 
C3 QJ oj fciSEw'iS 



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376 



APPENDIX. 



TESTS OF COAL. 



S 
& 

o 



M 4 

go* 



5 fc, 



£.6 



§«. 



Authority. 



ITNTTED STATES. 

Anthracite: 

Blaokheath 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Boston 

Broad Mountain 

Council Ridge 

Hazleton 

Lackawanna 

Do 

Lehigh" 

Locust Mountain 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Pittston 

Scranton 

Schuyltlll County 

Spring Mountain 

Susnuehanna. Harvey's Mine 

Susquehanna Valley 

Semibituminotis: 

Broadtop, Penn 

Do 

Do 

Ormsby.Penn 

Do 

Do 

Do 

BrooMeld, Penn 

Glen Carbon, Penn 

Cumberland, Md 

Do 

Do 

Cumberland, Md., Georges Creek 

Do 

Cumberland, Md 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Dm 

Do •. 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Frostbnrs, Md 

Do 

Do 

New River, W. Va 

Do 

Do 

Splint: 

Kanawha, W. Vu 

Do 

Do 

Bituminous: 

Eagleton, Penn 

Black Diamond, Wash 

Kenton, Wash, (screening) 

Seattle, Wash, (screening) 

Do 

Seattle, Wash, (lump) 

South Prairie, Wash 



S6 
86 

ot> 

47. i5 
41.25 
58. 6S 
58. 6S 
58. 6S 
58.63 
3« 
86 



90 



47.25 
36 

75.90 
78.75 

SS.6S 

58.63 

86 

90 

90 

90 

90 

90 

86 

78.75 

40 

99.17 

86 

75.90 

21 

21 

21 

21 

■11 

21 

21 

21 

21 

21 

21 

21 

21 

21 

SO 

SO 

80 

80 

80 

80 

80 
30 
80 

36 

21.25 

21.25 

21.25 
21.25 
21.25 
21. 25 



Sq.ft. 
1,144 
952 
8S6 
760 
1,4S4 
1,057 
1,S0S 
1,808 
1,808 
1,808 
1,144 
1,144 
1,144 
1,144 
1,144 
1.144 
2,690 
1,144 



952 

856 

760 

1,144 



9S1 
1,144 
1.S18 
2.374 

1, 303 
l.SOS 
1.144 

2. tftXl 
2. tWl 
2. CiKI 
2.1)90 
2. (!» 
1.144 
2,374 

954 

2, AW 

1.144 

I.SIS 

(iS7 

(JS7 

687 

liS7 

687 



687 
687 
687 
tx<7 
687 
t>S7 
%0 
960 
960 
960 
960 
960 



960 

1,144 



IS. 87 
12. 44 
13, 08 
12. 8ti 
11, 38 
10, 74 
8,16 
7 iJ"' 
11,64 
10,86 
12, 61 
11.91 
12.68 
12.97 
12.56 
12.75 
U.41 
12.71 
11.61 
IS. 33 
9.82 
10.50 
12.84 
12.20 
11.35 
11.08 
11.16 
11.04 

U.tS 
11.69 
10.94 

4.41 

7.83 
12.19 
22.96 
18.52 
14.00 
11.52 
11.97 

9.45 
10.98 
11.03 
10.00 
12.50 
15.00 
17.50 
22.50 
27.50 
30.00 
82.50 
35.00 
87.50 
40.00 
42.50 
45.00 
60.00 

7.82 
11.63 
13.99 

7.99 
13.08 
14.37 

T.S7 
12. 98 
21.21 

12.43 



9.SS 
8.»1 
9.44 
9.57 
10.40 
10.35 
12.01 
11.55 
11.06 
10.41 
8.80 
8.28 
9.65 
S.S5 
9.22 
9.05 
8.25 
8.68 
8.42 
8.95 
9.77 
9.89 
8.68 
8.38 
8.67 
9.18 
9.98 
9.36 

10.32 
10.48 
9.97 
9.44 
9.14 
8.99 
8.81 
8.30 
9.21 
9.30 
10.04 
8,78 
10.28 
10.74 
9.11 
9.11 
9.93 
9.50 
7.29 
8.24 
7.49 
7.79 
7. 23 
7.24 
6.61 
6.12 
6.25 
6.61 
10.84 
9.94 
9.69 
10.96 
10.20 
10.14 

9.98 
9.48 
7.68 

9.81 
6.22 
6.77 
6.78 
7.69 
7.61 
8.88 



Exp. Researches, IsherwixxJ. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Da 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Da 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 

Da 

Da 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Da 

Do. 

Da 

Do. 

Do. 
Experiments at Washington 
Navy- Yard, 1886. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Da 

Da 

Do. 

Da 

Da 

Do. 

Do. 
Report of Board of Naval 
Engineers, 1878. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Da 

Da 

Da 

Da 

Exp. Researches, Isherwood. 
Mr. A. Worthington; tests at 
Genesee Mills, San Fran- 
cisco, 1888; BaboookA Wil- 
cox boiler. 
Da 
Da 



APPENDIX. 



377 



TESTS OF COAL— Continued. 



ID S . 






g*E3 



Authority. 



WELSH. 



Nixon's Navigation 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Thomas Merthyr 

Naut Melyne Merthyr 

Blaen-avon ■ 

Cwm-aman Merthyr, Aberdare. 

Fotherglll's, Aberdare 

Globe Merthyr 

Do , 

Do 

Hood's Merthyr 

tylor's Merthyr 

Do.. 

Do 

Badford's Navigation 

Powell's Duffryn 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Do 



Sg.ft. 
37.90 
26.26 
18.90 
18.90 
18.90 
18.90 
87.90 
37.90 
37.90 
37.90 



Sq.ft. 

1,084 

1,116 

618 

618 

618 

618 

1,080 

1,084 

1,084 

1,084 



ENGLISH. 



Cowpen Cambois Hartley 

Do 

Do ■ 

Do 

Do ■ 

Newcastle 

Roundwood Barnsley steam coal. . . 

Do 

Do ■" 

Longrigg Navigation 

Do 

Do 

"BlacltMlne," Dukinfield beep Kt 

Do ^ 



15.30 
2.63 
2.63 
3.39 
3.39 
4.18 
4.32 
4.69 



26.25 
26.25 
26.25 
26.25 
37.90 



SCOTCH. 



Loch Gelly . 

Cannel 

Unknown . . 



WESTPHALIAN. 

Mean of 60 tests of coal from 10 mines 
Max.— Wolfsbank mine, 4 tests 
Mm.— Verein Bonifacius mine, 4 teste 

AUSTRALIAN. 

Wallsend, Newcastle, N. S. W 

Tivoli, Brisbane, Queenland '.'.'.. 



NEW ZEALAND. 

Waikato,hand picked... 

Waikato, as supplied . . . 

Do 



JAPANESE. 



Takasima. 
Do 



EKITISH COLOMBIAN. 



Wellmgton, screening . . . 

Wellington, lump 

East Wellington, screening' '. 



37.90 
10.80 
37.90 



37.90 
37.90 
37.90 



37.90 
37,90 



37.90 
37.90 



21.25 
21.26 
21.25 



711 
211 
192 
218 
218 
167 
226 
238 



1,116 
1,116 
1,116 
1,116 
1,084 



8,390 
8,390 



1,084 
1,603 
1,084 



1,084 
1,084 
1,084 



1,084 
1,084 



1,084 
1,084 



Pounds, 
21.70 
88.60 
96.03 
78.90 
62.20 
49.00 
17.44 
16.13 
18.40 
20.60 
24.17 
22.13 
23.50 
24.17 
24.17 
23.01 
23.66 
24.23 
18.30 
11.97 
12.98 
13.44 
13.47 
20.91 
8.71 
9.39 



30.82 
98.30 
107.90 
120.80 
118.10 
23.14 
24.30 
24.70 
26.25 
23.63 
24.17 
24.89 
16.19 
17.91 



24.30 
16.58 
24.34 



18.93 
18.91 
20.64 



18.72 
18.11 



44.80 
40.48 



29.90 
19.46 



28.20 
28.20 
28.20 



Pounds. 

9.91 German Adm'y tests, 1874-'85. 

8.57 Mr. F.C.Marshall, 1886. 

7.15 British Adm'y tests, 1880; 

7. 60 ThomycroJt torpedo-boat 

7.90 boiler. 

8.49 Do. 

10. 17 German tests, 1874-'77. 
Do. 

91 Do. 

10. 12 Do. 

10. 69 British Adm'y tests, 1874-'77. 

10.78 Do. 

10.61 Do. 

10.66 Do. 

10.92 Do. 

11.00 Do. 

11.07 Do. 

11. 07 Do. 

11. 33 Rich and Sumeedy. 

12.96 Engineering, Nov. 18, 1887; 

12. 26 report of Messrs. Bramwell 

12. 27 and Anderson. 
12.69 Do. 

10.14 Do. 

12. 99 Do. 

U.21 Do. 



9.26 British Adm'y tests, 1876-'77. 

6. 97 Mr. F. C. Marshall , 1886. 
Do. 

6. 62 Do. 
6.57 Do. 

8. 63 German Adm' y test, 1875. 
British Adm'y tests, 1876-'77. 

9. 71 Do. 
9. 81 Do. 

10. 32 Do. 
10.30 Do. 

10.33 Do. 

9. 72 Engineer, July 3 and 17, 1885. 
8. 97 Do. 



1. 17 German Adm' y test, 1878. 

1. 62 Isherwood. 

1. 24 German Adm'y test, 1875. 



10.09 German Adm'y tests, 1874-'£ 
10.47 Do. 

Do. 



8. B9 German Adm' y test, 1876. 
8.02 Do. 



7. 44 Bntish Adm'y tests, 1876-'77. 
7.49 Do. 

7.49 Do. 



6.24 German Adm'y tests, 1876-'76. 
7. 82 Do. 



7.80 Mr. A. Worthington, Genesee 
Mills, San Francisco, 1883- 
7. 72 Babcock & Wilcox boiler. 



378 



APPENDIX. 

TESTS OF COAL— Continued. 







1 




'CO 


Authority. 


COMPRESSED FUEL. 

Crown preserved fuel— Cardiff 

Crown preserved fuel—' * Pumpquort ' ' . 
Do 


Sq.ft. 
37.90 


Sq./t. 
1,084 


PouMda. 
21.58 
23.01 
21.88 
24.00 
23.63 
25.26 
26.46 
24.00 
24.17 
22.13 
22.32 
44. SO 

40.48 
39.38 

19.52 
18.90 
11.62 
41.09 
51.19 
61.43 
60.96 


Founds. 
8.73 
9 34 
9.27 
10.53 
10.38 
10.82 
10.83 
10.30 
10.27 
10.72 
10.76 
7.44 

7.49 
7.49 

10.02 
10.47 
9.05 
9.85 
9.77 
9.47 
9.64 


German Adm'y test, 1875. 
British Adm'y tests, 1876-77. 






Do. 


Crown preservedfuel— Nixon'sNav'n. 






Do. 






Do. 








Do. 








Do. 








Do. 


Do 






Do. 


Do 






Do. 


Do 






Do. 


Compressed fuel from New Zealand 
coal. 
Do 






Do. 






Do. 


Do 






Do. 


Briquettes from Westphalian coal: 

Mean of 29 tests— 10 varieUes 

Max. — Franciska Tiefbau 


37.90 
37.90 
37.90 
70.90 
70.90 
70.90 
70.90 


1,084 
1,084 
1,084 
3,264 
3,264 
8,264 
8,264 


German Adm'y tests, 1874-86. 
Do. 


Min.— Wurmrevier zu Kohlscheid- 


Do. 


Do 


boiler of the Marceau, 1885; 


Do 




Do 


Do.. 







Table of equivalents governing the issue and sale of fuel in the U. S. Army. 
[Abstract of General Orders, No. 10, 1882, and No. 5, 1885.] 



Market designation of coal. 



Pounds 

equivalent 

to 1 cord 

average 

oak wood. 



Forest Improvement anthracite {Richardson colliery) 

Wilkesbarre anthracite (Black Diamond) 

Scranton anthracite (Delaware and Hudson Canal Co.) 

Seranton anthracite (Delaware, Lackawanna and Western E. R. Co.) 

Scranton anthracite, not specified 

Lylcens Valley anthracite (Dauphin County, Pa.) 

Pennsylvania anthracite, not specified 

Raven Run mine, Pennsylvania, medium hard 

Los Cerrillos, N. Mex., anthracite (Ortiz Grant) 

Welsh anthracite 

Queen Charlotte anthracite 

Standard Coal Co., Somerset County, Pa. , semibituminous 

Philson Iron and Coal Co., Somerset County, Piv., semibituminous 

Cumberland semibituminous 

Pennsylvania bituminous (Simpson, Horner & Sons, Monongaheia River) 

Los Cerrillos, N. Mex. , bituminous (Ortiz Grant) 

La Plata mine. Fort Lewis, Colo., bitumindus 

Leavenworth, Kans. , bituminous 

Chestnut mine. Rock Creek Canon, Montana, bituminous 

Coal Creek colliery, Fremont County, Colo. , bituminous 

West Hartley bituminous, CoWpen colliery 

Bituminous coals, not specified 

Australian brown coal 

Wahsatch Rocky Mountain coal 

Rock Springs mine. Rocky Mountains, lignite 

Eastport coal, Coos Bay, Oregon 

Coos Bay coal, not specified 

Weber lignite. Chalk Creek, Summit County, Utah 

Pittsburg coal, Mount Diablo, Cal 

Mount Diablo coal, not specified 

Wellington coal, Departure Bay, Vancouver Island, British Columbia 

Nanaimo coal. Chase River, Vancouver Island, British Columbia 

Seattle brown coal. . . .*. 

Bellingham Bay coal 

Fort Stevenson, N. Dak., lignite 



1,598 
1,598 
1,614 
1,687 
l.SJl 
1,651 
1,696 
1,818 
1,657 
1,466 
2,626 
1,521 
1,537 
1,558 
1,653 
1,742 
2,000 
2,307 
2,466 
2,323 
1,993 
1,624 
1,646 
2,406 
2,491 
2, 359 
2,626 
8,168 
2,965 
2,592 
2,233 
2,070 
2,460 
2,641 
3,712 



APPENDIX. 



379 



Table of equivalents governing the isgue and sale of fuel in the U. S. Army — Continued. 



Market designation of coal. 



Pounds 

equivalent 

to 1 cord 

average 

oak wood. 



West Virginia splint (Paint Creek) 

Scotch splint (Duke of Hamilton) 

Pittsbuig, Pa., bituminous (Thos. Faweett & Sons' mines) 

Indiana cannel coal 

Davison's West Hartley 

Cowpen Cambois West Hartley 



1,796 
1,970 
1,706 
2,046 
1,970 
2,129 



Specific gravity, weight, bulk, etc. , of various coals. 
[W. R. Johnson and others.] 



Coals. 



Specific 


Weight 


Bulk 


Clinkers 


percu.ft., 


per ton. 


per 100 




as stowed. 


stowed. 


pounds. 




Pounds. 


Cubic/eet. 


Pcninds. 


1.610 


54.93 


40.7 


1.01 


1.654 


56.19 


39.8 


.60 


1.477 


53.66 


41.7 


.81 


1.421 


48.89 


45.8 


1.24 


1.590 


55.32 


40.5 


1.08 


1.464 


53.79 


41.6 


3.03 


1.375 


58.25 
69.05 


38.5 
32.5 




1.150 




1.313 


52.92 


42.3 


2.13 


1.324 


53.05 


42.2 


3.40 


1.285 


45.49 


49.2 


3.86 


1.252 


46.81 


47.8 


.94 


1.318 


49.25 


45.0 


6.13 


1.338 


47.44 


47.2 


2.25 


1.326 


53.22 
50.82 


42.1 
44.0 




1.257 


3.14 


1.262 


47.88 


46.7 


1.86 


1.519 


51.09 


43.8 


5.63 


1.231 


48.30 


46.4 





ANTHRACITE. 

Beaver Meadow, No. 3 

Beaver Meadow, No. 5 

Forest Improvement 

Lackawanna 

Lehigh 

Peach Mountain 

Welsh,Jones&Co 

Patent (Warllch's) 

BirnMiNons. 

Best Cumberland 

Blossburg, Pa 

Clover Hill, Va 

Pittsburg, Pa 

Pietou, Nova Scotia 

Sydney, AustraUa 

Welsh, Duffryn 

Newcastle, Hartley 

Carr'sHartley 

Scotch, Dalkeith 

Japanese, Takasima 



ANALYSES OF COAL. 

Pennsylvania anthracite. 

[C. H. Ashburner, 1884.] 



Coal field. 


Coal bed. 


No. of 
speci- 
mens. 


Specific 
gravity. 


Fixed 
carbon. 


Vola- 
tile 
matter 


Sul- 
phur. 


Water. 


Ash. 


Northern (Wilkesbarre) 

Eastern Middle (Trf^high) .... 
Do 


Mammoth 

Whart»n 

Mammoth 

Buck Mountain . 

Primrose 

Mammoth 

Seven-foot 

Primrose 

Mammoth 


3 
3 
5 
2 

2 
5 
1 
• 2 
7 


1.575 
1.620 
1.617 
1.667 

1.654 
1.657 
1.651 
1.584 
1.631 


Per a. 
83.268 
86.404 
86.379 
82.662 

81.590 
8L143 
80.868 
87.982 
83.813 


Percl. 
4.381 
3.080 
3.084 
3.949 

3.716 
3.717 
3.978 
4.125 
4.275 


Perct. 

0.727 
.585 
.496 
.462 

.499 
.899 
.512 
.506 
.641 


Percl. 
3.421 
3.713 
4.119 
3.042 

3.541 
3.163 
3.410 
3.008 
3.087 


PercL 
8.203 
6.218 
6.922 
9.885 

10.654 
11.078 
11.232 
4.379 
8.184 


Western Middle (Shenan- 
doah). 
Do 


Do „ 

Do T. 


Southern (Mauch Chunk) ... 
Do 





380 



APPENDIX. 



ANALYSES OF COAL— ContiBUed. 
Average composition of foreign coalg (various sources) . 



Coal. 



Specific 
gravity. 



Hydro- 
gen. 



Oxygen. 



Nitrogen.' 



Sul- 
phur. 



Ash. 



Welsh, anthracite 

Welsh, Penrikyber 

Welsh, Powell's Duflryn 

Welsh, Aberdare 

Welsh, ordinary 

Newcastle 

Newcastle, ordinary 

Durham 

Yorkshire 

Derbyshire 

Nottinghamshire 

Lancashire 

Scotch 

Scotch, ordinary 

French, anthracite 

French, bituminous 

Russian, Grushefka, anthracite. . . 
Russian, Mius River, bituminous . 

Nova Scotia, Spring Hill 

Nanaimo, Vancouver Island, B. C. 

Chile, Concepcion Bay 

Australia, Sydney, N. S. W 

Australian, brown 

Borneo, Labuan 

Borneo, Pengaron district 

Borneo, Pulo Laut 

Formosa, Keelung mines 

Patagonia, Magellan Straits 



1.37 
1.32 
1.32 
1.32 
1.32 
1.26 
1.27 
1.27 
1.29 
1.28 
1.28 
1.27 
1.26 
1.27 
1.35 
1.31 
1.40 
1.32 



1.28 
1.29 
1.30 
1.27 
1.28 
1.37 
1.32 



1.29 



Per cmt. 
91.70 
89.00 
88.10 
86.80 
83.78 
82.24 
78.00 
80.00 
78.10 
79.00 
75.20 
79.50 
78.53 
70.00 
90.90 
83.80 
90.70 
83.90 
78.61 
66.93 
70.55 
82.39 
73.20 
64.52 
71.00 
58.60 
78.26 
62.25 



Percent, 
3.78 
4.25 
4.20 
4.32 
4.79 
6.42 
5.15 
5.10 
4.84 
4.86 
6.60 
5.42 
B.61 
4.85 
1.47 
4.82 
3.50 
4.10 
5.19 
5.32 
6.76 
6.32 
4.71 
4.74 
5.75 
6.16 
5.70 
5.05 



Per cent. 

1.30 

1,45 

2.17 

S.85 

4.15 

6.44 

8.63 

7.23 

10.53 

10.84 

12.34 

8.51 

9.69 

13.50 

1.53 

4.86 

1.40 

4.50 

5.30 

8.70 

18.24 

8.32 

12.35 

20.75 

17.80 

16.25 

10.95 

17.54 



Pel- cent. 
1.00 
1.00 
1.63 

.70 

.98 
1.61 
1.30 
1.27 
1.43 
1.30 
1.33 
1.18 
LOO 
1.35 
1.00 
1.22 
LOO 
LOO 

.68 
L02 

.95 
L27 
Lll 

.80- 

.76 
L60 

.64 



Perct. 

0.72 

.80 

.90 

.83 

L43 

L35 

L32 

L40 

LIO 

LOO 

L23 

L50 

Lll 

L70 

.80 

L30 

.80 

L50 

L12 

2.20 

L98 

.70 

.63 

L46 

.70 

.90 

.49 

L13 



Perct. 
L60 
3.60 
3.00 
4,00 
4.» 
2.94 
6.60 
5.00 
4.00 
3.00 
4. 3D 
4.73 
4.00 
6.00 
4.3I> 
4.00 
2.60 
5.00 
5.20 

15.83 
7.62 
2.00 
8.00 
7.74 
4.00 

16. .50 
3.96 

13.40 



DNITED STATES. 



Fixed 
carbon. 



Volatile 
matter. 



Water. 



Sulphur. 



Ash. 



Alabama: 

Black Diamond Coal Co., Walker County 

Cahaba Coal Mining Co. , Bibb County 

Woodward Coal and Coke Co., Coaldale 

Watts Coal and Iron Co., Warrior 

Pratt seam, Great Warrior field , 

Do 

California: 

Mount Diablo, Black Diamond 

Oregon: 

Coos Bay 

Coos Bay, Newport mine 

Pennsylvania: 

' Clearfield County, Powelton Broadtop 

Pittsburg district 

Virginia: 

Clover Hill 

Pocahontas Flat Top (average of 10 samples) 

Pocahontas Flat Top (average of 15 samples) 
West Virginia: 

New River 

' Winifrede 

Washington: 

Belhngham Bay 

Black Diamond 

Blue Canyon (washed) 

Carbonado 

Franklin, No. 10 bed 

Franklin, No. 12 bed 

Gilman 

New Casfle 

Roslyn 

Skagit Cumberland, No. 1 

Skagit Cumberland, No. 2 1 

Skagit Cumberland, No. 3 

Wilkeson 

Alaska: 

Cooks Inlet ■. . . 

Kootznahoo Inlet, Admiralty Island 



Per cent. 
68.34 
60.75 
65.12 
63.03 
64.30 
6L60 

46.84 

41.98 
34.95 

78.31 
65.82 

66.94 
74.07 
72.71 

70.66 
58.73 

59.90 
45.11 
6L15 
52.11 
67.68 
50.78 
37.19 
43.90 
62.65 
77.41 
80.20 
8L37 
66.75 

49.89 
45.15 



Per cent. 
22.15 
34.12 
32.24 
32.68 
32.08 



32.59 
41.55 

15.00 
34.31 

30.98 
18.83 
18.81 

26.64 
36.33 

29.54 
47.19 
29.81 
42.27 
33.92 
34.63 
47.07 
46.70 
39.70 
7.46 
8.44 
11.10 
25.88 

39.87 
37.02 



Per cent. 
L66 
2.24 



L17 
L07 
L60 

14.69 

20.09 
15.45 



2.34 

1.40 

.69 

LOl 

.67 
L86 



3.11 

.42 

L80 

3.33 

3.66 

4.80 

2.12 

3.10 

.25 

.30 

.42 

L33 

L25 
3.74 



Per cent. 

L85 
.48 
.66 

L20 
.47 
.92 



2.53 
L15 



.62 
.76 
.79 



.58 
Trace. 

.27 
Trace. 



.13 
Trace. 
.22 
.21 
.86 
Trace. 

1.20 
.72 



Perct. 
6.00 
2.41 
L27 
L92 
2.08 
5.42 

4.58 

5.34 
8.05 

5.54 
7.16 

10.16 
5.65 
5.19 

1.53 
2.72 

6.00 
4.58 
8.38 
3.82 
5.07 
10.93 
10.06 
7.15 
, 4.55 
14.88 
1L06 
7.11 
6.04 

7.82 
14.09 



APPEN^DIX. 



381 



ANALYSES OF COAL— Continued 

BEITISH COLUMBIA. 



Fixed 
carbon. 



Volatile 
matter. 



Water. 



Sulphur. 



Baynes Sound mine 

Union mine, Comox 

Wellington, Departure Bay, 

Do 

Nanalmo 

Do 



Percent. 
64.70 
68.27 
59.72 
54.86 
48.48 
51.95 



Per cent 
29.55 
27.17 
30.95 
34.15 
36.10 
36.05 



Per cent. 



Per cent. 



2.75 
2.15 
1.70 
2,25 



0.27 
'2."39 



NOVA SCOTIA. 



Cape Breton, Sydney mines 
Cape Breton, Gowrie mines. 

Pictou, Acadia mines 

Pictou, Albion mines 

Spring Hill 



61.50 
63.00 
57.57 
66.50 
60.82 



31.14 
30.64 
32.27 
24.28 
34.38 



3.04 
2.86 
2.10 
1.48 
1.02 





66.85' 
63.03 
63.30 
60.30 
51.80 


24.00 
29.25 
27.50 
35.90 
45.60 






9.15 








7.68 









9.20 








3.80 








2.60 











Yangtse Eiyer: 

Mun-to-san, semlanthraclte, soft 

See-mah-poo, semianthracitej soft — 
Woo-shen-tung, semianthracite, soft. . 

Chin-san, semianthracite, hard 

Tse-lung-chung, semianthracite, soft . 
Kun-chok-wan, semianthracite, hard 
Ho-peck-tsung-ho, semibituminous. . . 

Tsung-ho 

Hoo-nan, hard anthracite 

Han-kow, anthracite 



71.00 
80.00 
47.50 
73.00 
73.30 
72.50 
63.80 
74.00 
84.20 
84.00 



19.00 
11.00 
13.00 
13.00 
13.50 
16.60 
28.00 
9.00 
10.80 
11.00 



NEW ZEALAND. 



Auckland: 

Kama mine, Whangarei, pitch 

Walton's mine, Whangarei, pitch 

Whangarei, glance 

Waikato, brown 

Okoko, Waipa, brown 

Canterbury: 

Acheron, anthracite 

Malvern, brown 

Malvern Hills, altered brown 

Do 

Rakaia Gorge, brown 

Bakaia Gorge, glance 

Homebush Colliery, Malvern, brown 

Collingwood, bituminous 

Do 

go: 

Kaitangata Creek, brown 

Do 

Shag Point, brown 

Otamataura Creek, bituminous 

Preservation Inlet, bituminous 

Eeefton: 

New Durham mine, bituminous 

New Durham mine, brown 

Laukeys Creek, altered 

Murrays Creek, bituminous 

Dudley mine, brown 

Springfield Colliery, brown 



60.01 
38.80 
50.11 
50.01 
39.83 

84.12 
49.99 
53.29 
68.54 
50.12 
64.51 
47.70 
44.03 
50.78 

44.11 
39.41 
45.30 
62.89 
60.88 

54.09 
48.02 
68.01 
53.96 
48.10 
38.00 



37.69 
41.20 
38.68 
29.97 
33.74 

2.06 
35.42 
32.04 
19.89 
21.61 
21.27 
30.90 
22.34 
40.41 

38.32 
37.26 
30.10 
36.63 
20.69 

37.64 
36.57 
33.29 
36.87 
35.88 
31.60 



9.61 

7.20 

8.01 

19.82 

22.21 

1.80 
11.79 
12.66 

4.16 
24.09 

6.76 
19.20 

3.61 

3.60 

15.44 

19.61 

19.20 

2.19 

4.33 

4.36 
14.21 
6.79 
8.18 
14.21 
18.60 



382 



APPEHDIX. 



ANALYSES OF COAI^-Continued. 
NEW ZEALAND — Continued. 



Fixed 
carbon. 



Volatile 
matter. 



Water. 



Sulphur. 



Ash. 



Westlond: 

Srey River, pitch 

Grey River, bituminous 

Black Creek, Grey River, pitch 

Eanierel, bituminous 

Do 

South of Ross, bituminous 

Westport: 

Brown 

Mokihinui, bituminous 

Do 

Do 

Brunner mine, bituminous 

Near Cape Farewell, bituminous . . 



Percent. 
34.80 
62.37 
60.20 
64.82 
62.88 
42.53 

66.01 
56.59 
59.75 
57.92 
66.62 
48.69 



Per cent. 
55.40 
29.44 
29.97 
24.17 
43.44 
31.43 

37.17 
38.86 
32.14 
34.94 
35.68 
43.17 



Percent. 
6.20 
1.99 
8.01 
8.81 
1.39 
6.58 

2.60 
3.16 
3.97 
3.96 
1.59 
2.18 



Percent. 



Perct. 
2.60 
6.20 
1.82 
7.20 
2.79 
19.46 

4.22 
2.39 
4.14 
3.18 
6.11 
6.06 



NEW SODTH WALES. 

I. — Northern distritA. 





1 


Composition, exclusive of water. 








1 


i 


a 

1 


1 


1 


^ 


0) 


Wallsend 


1.333 
1.303 

1.297 
1.287 
1.274 
1.323 
1.286 


Perct. 
79.96 
81.06 

78.76 
78.41 
77.37 
77.15 
82.26 


Perct. 
6.26 
6.81 

6.34 
6.60 
6.48 
6.91 
4.38 


Perct. 
7.08 
6.52 

7.28 
9.34 
10.46 
6.07 
6.96 


Perct. 
0.68 
1.23 

.79 
1.43 
1.61 
1.46 
1.03 


Perct. 
1.28 
1.14 

1.36 
1.44 
1.43 
1.48 
.35 


Perct. 
4.77 
4.24 

6.47 
2.78 
2.76 
7.93 
6.04 


Perct. 
2.76 
2,21 

2.20 
2.25 
1.86 
1.74 
1.86 


Perct. 
61 86 


Waratah 


59 97 


Australian Agricultural 
Co., Newcastle 


62 87 


Greta 


57.13 


Russel's mine 


52 65 


Anvil Creek 


55 70 


Cardiff mine 


54 43 







II. — Western district. 



Ill, — SotUhem district. 



Eskbank 


1.335 
1.399 
1.329 
1.323 


72.30 
70.72 
69.41 
69.86 


5.43 
5.65 
6.10 
6.82 


6.65 

9.66 

11.70 

11.89 


0.86 

.93 

1.03 

1.02 


1.60 
1.38 
1.44 
1.40 


13.17 
11.67 
10.32 
10.01 


2.00 
2.36 
1.96 
2.10 




Bowenfells 








Valeof Clwydd 









Nattai 




91.24 
80.67 
78.82 
69.92 
76.35 


3.60 
5.30 
5.17 
4.55 
4.76 


0.69 
1.68 
3.87 
13.09 
5.04 


0.70 

1.33 

.66 


Trace. 

0,87 

1.00 

1.30 

.55 


4.66 
10.88 

9.81 
10.58 
13.31 


3.28 
1.60 
1.16 
1.70 
1.03 






1.368 
1.379 
1.364 
1.471 




Mount Keira 


74 36 






BuUi (R. Smith) 


74 78 







Coals of the northern district are, as a class, superior to those of the 
southern, which are in turn superior to those of the western. The 
northern coals are brighter in appearance and exhibit greater lamina- 
tion of structure than the southern, contain a larger proportion of vol- 
atile hydrocarbons, coke more readily, and give off much more smoke. 
The western coals are only partially developed and are very dry; titiey 
are dull in appearance and coke only when freshly mined. Coals of 
the northern district are shipped from Newcastie and Sydney; those 
of the southern from Coal Cliff, Bulli, and Wollongong. 



APPENDIX. 



383 



lAst of Cardiff and NewcasOe coals purchased by the British Admiralty for use in 

H. B. M. Navy. 



WELSH. 


WELSH — continued. 


Femdale. 


Insole's Merthyr. 


Harris's Deep Navigation. 


Lewis's Merthyr.* 


Nixon's Navigation. 


Locket's Merthyr. 


National Merthyr. 


Ocean Merthyr. 


Tyler's Merthyr. 


Standard Merthyr.* 


Penrikyber. 


Ynysfaio Merthyr. 


Powell's Duifryn. 




Albion Merthyr. 


NORTH COUNTRY. 


Cambrian Navigation. 




Cory's Merthyr. 


Cowpen Cambois Hartley. 


Cyfarthfa. 


Davison's West Hartley. 


Cymmer. 


West Hartley Main. 


Dowlais Merthyr. 


Broomhill West Hartley. 


Globe Merthyr. 


Hasting" 8 Hartley. 
Maud West Hartley. 


Great Western Navigation. 


Hill's Plymouth Merthyr. 


Wigan Hartley.* 


Hood's Merthyr. 





* Too soft for shipment abroad. 



TV. 



INDEX TO PORTS. 



12477 25 385 



INDEX TO PORTS. 



Name of port. 



Aarhuus, Denmark 

Aberdeen, Scotland 

Abo, Russia 

Acajutla, San Salvador 

Acapulco, Mexico 

Accra (Gold Coast) , Guinea 

Acheen, Sumatra 

Adelaide, South Australia. {See Port Adelaide.) 

Aden, Arabia 

Ahuriri (Port), New Zealand. {See Napier.) 

Ajaccio, Corsica 

Akassa (Niger Eiver) 

Akyab, British Burmah 

Albany, Western Australia 

Alberoni, Italy. {See Venice.) 

Albina, Oregon 

Alexandretta, Asia Minor 

Alexandria, Egypt 

Alexandria, Virginia 

Algeciras, Spain 

Algiers, Algeria 

Algiers, Louisiana 

Algoma, Ontario , 

Alicante, Spain 

Aliwal, South Cape Colony. {See Mossel Bay.) 

Alloa, Scotland 

Ahneria, Spain 

Altata, Mexico 

Altona, Germany. {See Hamburg.) 

Amapala, Honduras 

Amboyna, Amboyna Island, Moluccas 



Coaling 
facilities. 


Docking 
and 

repairing 
facilities. 


Page. 


Page. 




314 


104 


266 


122 


318 


64 


222 


64 


222 


164 


370 


96 


256 



102 



140 



78 



158 
160 
22 
136 
160 



138 

104 

136 

62 

64 

74 



264 

348 
212 

258 
238 

218 
364 
366 
192 
844 
366 
196 



344 

266 
344 
222 

222 
228 



387 



388 



INDEX TO PORTS. 



Name of port. 



Coaling 
facilities. 



Docking 

and 
repairing 
facilities. 



Amherst, Magdalen Islands 

Amherst, Nova Scotia 

Amherstburg, Ontario 

Amlwch, Wales 

Amoy, China 

Amsterdam, Holland 

Amsterdam Island, Java. (See Batavia.) 

Ancona, Italy 

Andaman, Islands. (See Port Blair.) 

Angra, Terceira, Azores 

Anguilla, British West Indies 

Annapohs, Maryland 

Annapolis, Nova Scotia 

Antigua, West Indies. (See St. Johns.) 

Antofagasta, Chile 

Antwerp, Belgium 

Apia, Upolu, Samoan Islands 

Apenrade, Germany 

Appledore, England 

Arbroath, Scotland 

Archangel, Russia 

Ardrossan, Scotland 

Arendal, Norway 

Argostoli, Island of Cephalonia, Greece 

Arica, Chile 

Arichat, Madame Island, Nova Scotia 

Ascension Island 

Ashland, Wisconsin 

Ashtabula, Ohio 

Aspinwall, Colombia. (See Colon.) 

Astoria, Oregon 

Asuncion, Paraguay 

Auckland, New Zealand 

Augusta, Sicily. (See Syracuse.) 

Avonmouth, England 

Awarua, New Zealand. (See Bluff Harbor.] 

Ayr, Scotland 

Azores Islands. (See Horta.) 

Bahia, Brazil 

Bahia Blanca, Argentina 




90 
126 

148 



110 



114 



Page. 
180 
182 



162 


368 


38 




22 


192 


16 


182 


68 


224 


128 


330 


74 


228 



INDEX TO P0BT8. 



389 



Name of port. 



Coaling 
facilities. 



Docking 

and 
repairing 
facilities. 



Baltimore, Maryland 

Banana, Congo River, West Africa 

Banda Neira, Banda Isles, Moluccas 

Bander Abbas, Persia. {See Bunder Abbas.) 

Banff, Scotland 

Bangkok, Siam 

Bangor, Maine 

Bangor, Wales , 

Banjermassin, Borneo 

Baracoa, Cuba 

Barbadoes, West Indies. {See Bridgetown.) 

Barcelona, Spain 

Barcelona, Venezuela 

Bari, Italy 

Barletta, Italy ^ 

Barranquilla, Colombia , 

Barrow, England 

Barry, Wales 

Baailan, Philippine Islands. {See Isabela Basilan.) 
Baarah, Asiatic Turkey. {See Bussorah.) 
Bassam, Guinea. {See Grand Bassam.) 

Bassein, British Burmah 

Basseterre, St. Christopher, British West Indies 

Bastia, Corsica 

Batavia, Java 

Bath , Maine 

Bathurst, Gambia 

Batoum, Russia 

Bay City, Michigan 

Bay of Island, New Zealand. {See Russell.) 

Bayonne, France 

Beaulieu, France 

Beirut, Syria 

Belfast, Ireland 

Belfast, Maine 

Belize, British Honduras 

Belleville, Ontario 

Beni Saf, Algeria 

Bergen, Norway , 

Bermuda. {See Hamilton.) 



Page. 
22 
166 

74 



92 

18 



94 
34 

138 
32 
148 
148 
30 
112' 
112 



38 

142 

94 

18 

164 

156 



132 



158 

114 

18 

28 

12 

160 

116 



Page. 
192 
370 



390 



INDEX TO PORTS. 



Name of port. 



Coaling 
facilities. 



Docking 

and 
repairing 
facilities. 



Berwick, England 

Bideford, England 

Bilbao, Spain 

Bima, Sumbawa, Sunda Islands 

Birkenhead, England 

Bizerte, Tunis 

Bjorneboi^, Russia 

Blankenberghe, Belgium 

Bluefields, Nicar^ua 

Bluff Harbor, New Zealand 

Blvth, England 

Boca del Tore, Chiriqui Lagoon, Colombia . . 

Bodo, Norway 

Boeton, East Indies. {See Buton.) 

Bolivar, Venezuela 

Bombay , India 

Bona, Algeria 

Bo'ness, Scotland 

Bordeaux, France 

Borrowstounness, Scotland. {See Bo'ness.) 

Bosham, England 

Boston, England 

Boston, Massachusetts 

Boulogne, France 

Bourbon. {See Reunion, Fi-ance.) 
Bowling, Scotland. {See Glasgow.) 

Brake, Germany 

Brazos Santiago, Texas 

Bremen, Germany 

Bremerhaven, Germany 

Brest, France 

Brevik, Norway 

Bridgetown, Barbadoes, British West Indies. 

Bridgewater, England 

Brightlingsea, England 

Brindisi, Italy 

Brisbane, Queensland, Australia 

Bristol, England 

Bristol, Rhode Island 

Briton Ferry, Wales 



Page. 



no 

134 

76 

112 

160 



28 
82 

104 
30 

116 

32 

100 
160 
104 
132 



106 

18 

128 



126 
26 



126 
132 



42 



148 
78 

110 
20 



Page. 
268 

286 
340 



INDEX TO POETS. 



391 



Name o£ port. 



Coaling 
facilities. 



Docking 

and 
repairing 
facilities. 



Brockville, Ontario 

Brooklyn, New York 

Brownsville, Texas 

Buenaventura, Colombia 

Buenos Aires, Argentina 

Buffalo, New York 

Bulama, Bissagos Islands, Africa 

Bunder Abbas, Persia 

Burntisland, Scotland 

Burry Port, Wales 

Bushire, Persia 

Bussorah, Asiatic Turkey 

Buton, Buton Island, Danish East Indies. 

Cadiz, Spain 

Caen, France 

Cagliari, Sardinia 

Caimanera, Cuba 

Calais, France 

Calcutta, India 

Caldera, Chile 

Calicut, India 

Callao, Peru 

Camden, New Jersey 

Cameroon, West Africa 

Campbeltown, Scotland 

Cannes, France 

Canso, Nova Scotia. {See Cape Canso.) 

Canton, China 

Cape Canso, Nova Scotia 

Cape Coast Castle (Gold Coast) , Guinea. . 

Cape Haytien, Hayti - 

Cape Lisbume, Alaska 

Cape Sabine, Alaska 

Cape Town, Cape Colony 

Cardenas, Cuba 

Cardiff, Wales 

Carentan, France 

Carnarvon, Wales 

Carrickfergus, Ireland 

Carrizal Bajo, Chile 



Page. 



20 
26 



10 



100 
104 
112 
100 
100 

76 
136 
130 
144 

36 
128 

98 

68 



66 

22 

166 

114 



92 
16 

164 
36 
54 
54 
50 
34 

112 



Page. 
176 
188 
196 
224 
■ 210 
174 
370 



68 



392 



INDEX TO POKTS. 



Name of port. 



Coaling 
facilities. 


Docking 

and 
repairing 
facilities. 


Page. 


Page. 


30 


198 


138 


344 


32 


198 


144 


352 


156 


364 


146 


354 


150 


358 


92 


252 


42 


206 


44 


206 


92 


252 


28 




140 


346 


24 


194 


38 




12 


176 


14 


178 


108 


280 


8 


170 


88 


246 


86 


246 


130 


336 


22 


190 



Cartagena, Colombia 

Cartagena, Spain 

Carupano, Venezuela 

Castellamare, Italy 

Castries (Port), "West Indies. {See Port Castries.] 

Castro, Island of Chios, Asia Minor 

Catania, Sicily 

Cattaro, Austria , 

Cavite, Luzon, Philippine Islands 

Cajenne, French Guiana 

Ceara, Brazil 

Cebu, Cebu, Philippine Islands 

Cephalonia, Greece. (See Argostoli.) 

Ceiba, Honduras 

Cette, France 

Chagos Islands. [See Diego Garcia.) 

Charlestcn, South Carolina 

Charlestown, Nevis, British West Indies 

Charlotte, New York 

Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island 

Chatham, England 

Cheboygan, Michigan 

Chefoo, China 

Chemulpo, Korea 

Cherbourg, France 

Chester, Pennsylvania 

Chicago, Illinois 

Chimbote, Peru 

Chinde River, South Africa 

Chinkiang, Yangtse River, China 

Chittagong, India 

Christiania, Norway 

Christiansand, Norway 

Christiansted, Santa Cruz, Danish West Indies 

Christiansund, Norway , 

Cienf uegos, Cuba 

Ciotat. [See La Ciotat.) 

Civita Vecchia, Italy 

Clarence River, New South Wales, Australia 

Cleveland, Ohio 



66 




10 



INDEX TO POKTS. 



393 



Name of port. 



Coaling 
facilities. 



Docking 

and 
repairing 
facilities. 



Coal Harbor, Unga Island, Alaska 

Coburg, Ontario 

Cocanada, India 

Cochin, India 

Coepang, Sunda Islands. [See Kupang.) 

Colberg, Germany 

CoUingwood, Ontario 

Colombo, Ceylon 

Colon, Colombia 

Colonia, Uruguay 

Comoro Islands. (<Se« Johanna.) 

Comox, Vancouver Island, British Columbia 

Connah's Quay, Chester, England 

Constantinople, Turkey 

Cooks Inlet, Alaska. {See Kachemak Bay.) 

Cooktown, Queensland, Australia 

Coos Bay, Oregon 

Copenhagen, Denmark 

Coquimbo, Chile 

Corcubion, Cape Finisterre, Spain 

Corfu, Island of Corfu, Greece 

Corinto, Nicaragua 

Cork, Ireland 

Coronel, Chile 

Corral, Chile 

Corrientes, Argentina 

Cortez (Port) , Honduras. (/S«e Puerto Cortez.) 

Corumba, Brazil 

Corunna, Spain 

Gourscelles, France 

Cotrone, Italy. (feTaranto.) 

Cow Bay, Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia 

Cowes, Isle of Wight, England 

Cronstadt, Russia 

Cumana, Venezuela 

Curasao, West Indies . {See Willemstad.) 

Cuxhaven, Germany 

Dakar, Senegal 

Dalhousie, Ontario. {See Port Dalhousie.) 
Bantzic, Germany 



Page. 
54 
10 



100 
30 
46 

56 



152 

76 
60 

120 
68 

134 

150 
64 

116 
70 
70 
46 

46 
134 



16 
110 
122 

32 

126 
164 

124 



Page. 



394 



INDEX TO PORTS. 



Name of port. 



Dardanelles, Turkey 

Dartmouth, England 

Delagoa Bay. (See Lorenzo Marquez.) 

Delfzyl, Holland 

Deli, Sumatra 

Demerara, British Guiana. (See Georgetown.) 

Denia, Spain 

Departure Bay, British Columbia. [See Nanaimo.) 

Desterro, St. Catherines Island, Brazil 

Detroit, Michigan 

Devonport, England 

Devonport, Tasmania 

Diego Garcia, Chagos Islands 

Diego Suarez, Madagascar 

Dieppe, France 

Dietrichsdorp, Germany 

Digby, Nova Scotia 

DiUi, Timor, Sunda Islands 

Dinorwic, Wales 

Dominica, West Indies. (See Portsmouth.) 

Dordrecht, Holland 

Doreh, Geelvink Bay, New Guinea 

Dover, England 

Drammen, Norway 

Drangsund, Russia. {See Wiborg.) 
Drontheim, Norway. {See Trondhjem.) 

Dublin, Ireland '. 

Duluth, Minnesota 

Dumbarton, Scotland 

Dumfries, Scotland 

Dundalk, Ireland 

Dundee, Scotland 

Dunedin, New Zealand 

Dunkirk, France 

Durban, Natal, South Africa 

Dutch Harbor, Unalaska Island, Alaska 

Dysart, Scotland 

East Donyland, England 

East London, Cape Colony 

East Saginaw, Michigan 



Coaling 
facilities. 



Page. 
152 
110 



96 

138 

44 

8 

110 



100 

52 

128 



16 
76 



74 
108 
118 



114 

6 

114 



104 
82 

128 
50 
54 



50 



Docking 

and 
repairing 
facilities. 



Page. 
360 
286 



INDEX TO PORTS. 



395 



Name of port. 



Egersund, Norway 

Elbing, Germany 

Elizabethport, New Jersey 

Elmina (Gold Coast) , Guinea 

Elsinore, Denmark 

Emden, Germany 

Empire City, Oregon. (See Coos Bay.) 
English Harbor, Antigua, Britisii West Indies . 

Ensenada, Argentina 

Eregli, Asiatic Turkey. (See Heraclea.) 

Ergastaria, Greece 

Erie, Pennsylvania 

Esbjerg, Denmark 

Escanaba, Michigan 

Esquimalt, British Columbia , 

Eten, Peru , 

Evans Bay, New Zealand. (See Wellington.) 

Everett, Washington. .^ 

Exmouth, England , 

Faaborg, Denmark 

Fairhaven, New York 

Fairhaven, Washington 

Falkland Islands. (See Port Stanley.) 

Fall River, Massachusetts , 

Falmouth, England 

Farsund, Norway 

Fayal, Azores. (iSce Horta.) 

Fecamp, France 

Fernando Po, Gulf of Guinea. (See Isabel.) 

Ferrol, Spain 

Fiji Islands. (See Suva.) 

Fiume, Austria 

Flekkeflord, Norway 

Fleetwood, England 

Flensburg, Germany , . 

Flores Island, Azores. (<See Santa Cruz.) 

Flushing, Holland 

Folkstone, England 

Foochow, China 

Fortaleza, Brazil. (See Ceara.) 



Coaling 
facilities. 



116 



20 
164 
120 
126 

40 
48 

150 
10 



56 
66 



12 
58 

20 
110 



130 
134 
150 



112 
124 

128 

108 

90 



Docking 

and 
repairing 
facilities. 



Page. 
308 
322 
190 
370 
312 
328 



396 



INDEX TO PORTS. 



Name o{ porL 



Fort de France, Martinique, Freiu'h West Indies . . 
Fort Rupert, ^'ancouve^ Island, Britisli Columbia . 

Fouras, Fnmce 

Fray Bentos, Uruguay 

Fredericia, Denmark 

Fredericksted, Santa Cruz, Danish West Indies 

Frederikshald, Norway 

Frederikshaven, Denmark 

Fi-ederikstad. Norway 

Frederiksvaern, Norway 

Freemantle, Western Australia 

Freetown, Sierra Leone 

Fuchau, China. (iSef Foochow.) 
Fukuoka, Japan. {See Hakata.) 

Funchal, Madeira 

Gaboon River, West Africa. {See Libreville.) 

Gaeta, Itah-. {See Naples.) 

Gage Road, AVestern AustraUa. {See Freemantle.) 

Galatz, Roumania 

Galle, Ceylon. {See Point de Galle.) 

Gallipoli, Italy 

Galveston, Texas 

Gahvay, Ireland 

Gambia, West Africa. (See Bathurst.) 

Gasp6, Quebec 

Geelong, Victoria, Australia 

Geelvink Bay, New Guinea. {See Doreh.) 

Geestennnide, Germany 

Geiie, Sweden 

Genoa, Italy 

Georgetown, Demerara, British Guiana 

(Georgetown, Prince Edward Island 

Ghent, Belgium 

Gibraltar 

Gtjon, Spain 

Girgenti, Sicily 

Gisser, Banda Isles, Moluccas 

Gladstone, Michigan 

Glasgow, Scotland 

Gloucester, England 



Conlitifr 
I'licilities. 



/'((,/,■. 



40 
5G 



46 



o8 
118 

lis 

118 

118 

80 

164 



162 



152 

146 

26 

116 

14 

78 

126 

122 

142 

42 

14 



Docking 

and 
repairing 
facilities. 



136 
134 
146 
74 
6 
114 
110 



INDEX TO POETS. 



397 



Name of port. 



Coaling 
facilities. 



Docking 

and 
repairing 
facilities. 



Goletta, Tunis. {See Tunis.) 

Gonaives, Haiti 

Goole, England 

Goree, Senegal 

Gorontalo, Celebes 

Gosport, England 

Gothenboi^, Sweden 

Gourock, Scotland 

Graciosa Island, Azores 

Grahamtown (River Thames) , New Zealand 

Grand Bassam (Ivory Coast) , Guinea 

Grand Canary, Canary Islands. (See Las Palmas.) 

Grand Haven, Michigan 

Grangemouth, Scotland 

Granton, Scotland 

Granville, France 

Gravelines, France 

Grao de Valencia, Spain. {See Valencia.) 

Gravesend, England 

Gravosa, Austria. {iSee Cattaro.) 

Great Grimsby, England. {See Grimsby.) 

Great Inagua, Bahama Islands. {See Matthew Town.) 

Great Yarmouth, England 

Green Bay, Wisconsin 

Greenock, Scotland 

Grenada, West Indies. {See St. George.) 

Greymouth, New Zealand 

Grey town, Nicaragua 

Grimsby, England 

Grimstad, Norway 

Guadeloupe, West Indies. {See Pointe-^-Pitre.) 

Guanta, Venezuela 

Guantanamo, Cuba 

Guayaquil, Ecuador 

Guaymas, Mexico 

Guayra (La) , Venezuela. {See La Guayra.) 
Guernsey, Channel Islands. {See St. Peter Port.) 

Haifa, Syria 

Half ong, China 

Hakata, Japan 



36 
106 



76 
108 
118 



162 
164 



104 
104 
130 



108 



106 

6 

114 

82 

30 

106 



32 
36 
66 
62 



158 



Page. 



398 



INDEX TO POKTS. 



Name of port. 



Coaling 
facilities. 



Doclcing 

and 
repairing 
facilities. 



Hakodate, Japan 

Halifax, Nova Scotia 

Hamburg, Germany 

Hamilton, Bermuda 

Hamilton, Ontario 

Hammerfest, Norway 

Hampton Roads, Virginia 

Hankow, Yangtse River, China 

Hantsport, Nova Scotia 

Hanyang, China. (See Hankow.) 

Harbor Grace, Newf oiindland 

Harburg, Germany 

Harlingen, Holland 

Hartlepool, England 

Harwich, England 

Haugesund, Norway 

Haulbowline, Ireland 

Havana, Cuba 

Havre, France 

Helder, Holland 

Helleville, Nossi B6, Madagascar 

Hellevoetsluis, Holland 

Helsingborg, Sweden 

Helsingf ors, Russia 

Hepburn. (See Newcastle-on-Tyne.) 

Heraclea, Asiatic Turkey 

Herendeen Bay, Alaska 

Hemosand, Sweden 

Hilo, Hawaii 

Hiogo, Japan 

Hobart, Tasmania 

Hoboken, New Jersey 

Hobson Bay, Australia. (See Melbourne.) 

Holyhead, Wales 

Honfleur, France 

Hongkong, China 

Honolulu, Hawaii 

Horta, Fayal, Azores 

Horten, Norway 

Huasco, Chile 



Page. 
84 
16 

126 
32 
10 

116 
24 
88 
16 



106 
108 
116 



34- 
130 
126 

52 
128 
120 
122 

156 
54 



72 
84 
80 
20 

112 

130 

90 

72 

162 

118 

68 



Page. 
242 
182 
324 
198 
176 
308 



INDEX TO PORTS. 



399 



Name of port. 



Coaling 
lacilities. 



Docking 

and 
repairing 
facilities. 



Huelva, Spain ^ ;.;..-..;.. 

Hull, England ^ ; 

Huron, Ohio ^ ;i...;..^.m.; 

Ibrail, Koumania m;;; ;.i..;^ 

Ichang, Yangtse River, China ^^.z^-.^ 

He de E6 (St. Martin) , France 

He d'Oleron (Port du Chateau) , France ..^i.i... 

Hiuliuk, Unalaska Island, Alaska 

Iloilo, Panay, Philippine Islands ; 

Inagua, Bahama Islands. (See Matthew Town.) 
Invercargill, New Zealand. (See Bluff Harbor.) 
Inverkithing, Scotland. {See Kirkcaldy.) 

Inverness, Scotland 

Ipswich, England ; 

Iquique, Chile 

Iquitos, Peru 

Irvine, Scotland 

Isabel, Fernando Po, Gulf of Guinea 

Isabela Basilan, Philippine Islands 

Jacksonville, Florida 

Jaffa, Syria 

Jaluit, Marshall Islands 

Jamestown, Caroline Islands. (See Santiago.) 

Jamestown, St. Helena 

Jarrow. (See Newcastle-on-Tyne.) 

Jeddah, Arabia 

Jenchuan, Korea. (See Chemulpo.) 
Jersey, Channel Islands. (See St. Helier.) 

Jersey City, New Jersey 

Johanna, Comoro Islands 

Kachemak Bay, Cooks Inlet, Alaska 

Kahului, Maui Island, Hawaii 

Kalamata, Greece 

Kalmar, Sweden 

Karachi, India. (See Kurrachee.) 

Karatsu, Japan 

Karlskrona, Sweden 

Keelung, Formosa 

Kama, Celebes 

Kertch, Russia 



Page. 

134 

106 

8 

152 



54 
92 



104 

108 

68 

68 

114 

166 

92 

26 

158 

92 

48 

102 



20 
52 
56 
72 
150 



86 

120 

90 

76 

154 



Page. 
342 

274 



400 



INDEX TO PORTS. 



Name of port. 



Kertel, Eussia 

Keyham , England 

Key ^^■est, Florida 

Kheum, \V61mi Island, Korea 

Kiel, Germany 

Kings Lynn, England 

Kingston, Ireland 

Kingston, Jamaica 

Kingston, Ontario 

Kingstown, St. Vincent, British West Indies 

Kirkcaldy, Scotland 

Kittery, Maine. (See Portsmouth, New Hampshire.) 

Kiukiang, Yangtse River, China 

Kleven, Norway 

Kobe, Japan 

Koepang, Sunda Islands. (See Kupang.) 

Kodiak, Alaska 

Kolding, Denmark 

Konigsberg, Germany 

Korsor, Denmark 

Koti, Borneo 

Kotka, Russia 

Kragero, Norway 

Kuching, Sarawak, Borneo 

Kuchinotsu, Japan 

Kupang, Timor, Sunda Islands 

Kure, Japan 

Kurrachee, India 

Kwandang, Celebes 

Labuan Island, East Indies. (Stv Victoria.) 

La Ciotat, France _ 

Lagos (Slave Coast) , Guinea 

La Guayra, Venezuela 

La Libertad, San Salvador 

Lamberts Point, Virginia 

Lancaster, England 

Landskrona, Sweden 

La Paz, Argentina 

La Paz, Mexico 

La Plata, Argentina. {See Ensenada.) 



Coaling 

facilities. 



Page. 



26 

86 

124 

106 

114 

36 

12 

42 

104 

88 



Docking 

and 
repairing 
facilities. 



Page. 
320 
286 
194 



84 
56 



124 
94 



94 
86 
76 



100 
76 

140 

166 

32 

64 

24 



120 
46 
62 



INDEX TO PORTS. 



401 



Name of port. 



Coaling 
facilities. 


Docking 

and 
repairing 
facilities. 


Page. 


Page. 


158 


364 


114 


304 


132 


338 


140 


348 


162 


368 


158 


364 


80 


238 


64 


222 


118 


310 


22 


190 


70 





Larnaca, Cyprus 

Lame, Ireland : 

La Eochelle, France 

La Seyne, France 

Las Palmas, Grand Canary, Canary Islands 

Latakia, Syria 

Launceston, Tasmania 

La Union, San Salvador 

Laurvig, Norway 

Laut (Pulo) , Borneo. {See Pulo Laut.) 

League Island, Pennsylvania 

Lebu, Chile 

Leer, Geiinany 

Leghorn, Italy 

L6gu6 St. Brieuc, France 

Leith, Scotland 

Lerwick, Shetland Islands 

Les Sables, France 

Levuka, Ovalan, Fiji Islands 

L^zardrieux, France. {See St. Malo.) 

Libau, Eussia 

Libreville, Gaboon River, West Africa 

Licata, Sicily — 

Limaaol, Cyprus 

Limerick, Ireland 

Limon (Port) , Costa Rica. {See Port Limon.) 

Lingan, Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia 

Linholm, Sweden 

Lisbon, Portugal 

Little Com Island, Nicaragua 

Littlehampton, England 

Liverpool, England 

Liverpool, Nova Scotia — 

Livingston, Guatemala 

Llanelly, Wales 

Loando, West Airica. {See St. Paul de Loando.) 

Loboa Islands, Peru 

Lodario, Brazil 

London, England 

Londonderry, Ireland 

12477 26 



142 



104 
102 



74 

124 
166 
146 
158 
116 

16 



134 
30 



112 
16 
28 

112 

66 

46 

108 

114 



402 



IITDEX TO POSTS. 



Name of port. 



Coaling 
facilities. 



Docking 

and 
repairing 
facilities. 



Lorain, Ohio 

Lorenzo Marquez, Delagoa Bay, South Africa. 

L' Orient, France 

Lormont, France 

Lota, Chile 

Louisbui^, Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia . . 

Lowestoft, England 

Lubeck, Grennany 

Lulea, Sweden 

Lunenburg, Nova Scotia 

Lynchburg, Texas. {See Galveston.) 
Lynn, England. (iSte Kings Lynn.) 

Lyttelton, New Zealand 

Macassar, Celebes 

Maddalena, Sardinia 

Madeira. {See Funchal.) 

Madras, India 

Magdalen Islands. (iSee Amherst.) 

Mah6, India 

Mah6, Seychelles Islands 

Majunga, Madagascar 

Malaga, Spain 

Maldonado, Uruguay 

Malmo, Sweden 

Malta. (See Valetta.) 
Manfredonia, Italy. {See Barletta.) 

Manaos, Brazil (Amazon) 

Manchester, England 

Manila, Luzon, Philippine Islands 

Manitowoc, Wisconsin , , 

Manora, India. (See Kurrachee.) 

Manzanillo, Cuba 

Manzanillo, Mexico 

Maracaibo, Venezuela 

Maranham, Brazil 

Mare Island, California 

Marennes, France 

Mariopol, Russia 

Marquette, Michigan 

Marsala, Sicily 



Page. 
10 
50 
132 



70 
16 



124 



16 



82 

76 

142 



42 



92 
6 

36 
64 
30 
44 
60 



154 

6 

144 



Page. 
174 
L'14 
338 
340 
226 
180 
276 
322 
318 
182 



100 


260 


54 


216 


52 




136 


344 


46 


208 


120 


314 



INDEX TO PORTS. 



403 



Name of port. 



Coaling 
facilities. 



Doeliing 

and 
repairing 
facilities. 



Marseilles, France 

Marshall Islands. {See Jaluit.) 
Marshfield, Oregon. (See Coos Bay.) 

Marstal, Denmark 

Martinique, West Indies. (See Fort de France.) 

Maryboro, Queensland, Australia 

Maryport, England 

Maskat, Arabia. (See Muscat.) 

Matamoras, Mexico 

Matanzas, Cuba 

Matthew Town, Great Inagua Island, Bahamas. . 

Matupi, Blanche Bay, New Britain 

Mauritius. (See Port Louis.) 

Mayaguez, Puerto Bico 

Mayotte, Comoro Islands 

Mazatlan, Mexico 

Melbourne, Victoria, Australia 

Memel, Germany 

Menado, Celebes 

Mersina, Asia Minor 

Messina, Sicily 

Methel, Scotland 

Middleburg, Holland 

Middlesborough, England 

Milazzo, Sicily 

Milf ord Haven, Wales 

Milwaukee, Wisconsin 

Misumi, Japan 

Mitylene, Island of Mitylene, Asia Minor 

Mobile, Alabama 

Mogador, Morocco 

Moji, Japan 

Mole St. Mcolas, Haiti 

Molfeta, Italy 

Mollendo, Peru 

Monrovia, Liberia 

Monterey, California 

Montevideo, Uruguay 

Montreal, Quebec 

Montrose, Scotland 



Page. 
140 



78 
112 

28 
34 
34 
74 

38 

52 

64 

78 

124 

76 

158 

144 



106 

144 

112 

6 

86 
156 

26 
162 

86 

36 



164 
62 
46 
12 

104 



Page. 
346 



404 



INDEX TO POETS. 



Name of port. 



Coaling 
facilities. 



Docking 

and 
repairing 
facilities. 



Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. [See Brisbane.) 

Morlaix, France 

Moss, Norway 

Mossamedes, West Africa 

Mossel Bay, Cape Colony 

Moulmein, British Burmah 

Mourandava, Madagascar 

Mozambique, Mozambique 

Muscat, Arabia 

Nagasaki , Japan 

Namsos, Norway 

Nanaimo, Departure Bay, Vancouver Island, British Columbia. 

Nantes, France 

Napier, New Zealand 

Naples, Italy 

Nassau, Providence Island, Bahamas 

Natal (Port) , South Africa. {See Durban.) 

Navarino, Greece 

Negapatam, India 

Nei-Afu, Vavu, Tonga Islands 

Nelson, New Zealand 

Neufahrwasser, Germany. {See Dantzic.) 
Nevis, West Indies. {See Charlestown.) 

New Bedford, Massachusetts „ - 

Newburg, New York 

Newcastle, New Brunswick 

Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia 

Newcastle-on-Tyne, England 

New Glasgow, Nova Scotia 

New Haven, Connecticut 

New Haven, England 

New London, Connecticut 

New Milford (Neyland) , Wales. {See Milford Haven.) 

New Orleans, Louisiana 

Newport, England 

Newport, Rhode Island 

Newport News, Virginia 

Ne wry, Ireland 

New Whatcom, Washington 

New York,New York „... 



Page. 



118 
48 
50 
96 
52 
52 

100 
84 

116 
56 

132 
80 

144 
32 

150 
98 
74 
80 



20 
22 

14 

78 

106 



20 

108 

20 

26 

110 

20 

24 



Page. 
336 
312 



58 
20 



INDEX TO PORTS. 



405 



Name of port. 



Coaling 
faoililies. 



Docking 

and 
repairing 
facilities. 



Neyland, Wales. {See Milford Haven) . 

Nexoe, Island of Bornholm, Denmark , 

Nice, France 

Nicolaieff, Russia 

Nieuwediep, Holland. {See Willemsoord.) 

Ningpo, China 

Niuchwang, China 

Nordenham, Germany , , 

Norfolk, Virginia , 

Norrkoping, Sweden 

Northfieet, England 

Northshields, England 

North Sydney, Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia , 
NosBi-B6, Madagascar. {See Helleville.) 

Noumea, New Caledonia 

Novorossisk, Russia , 

Nuevitas, Cuba , 

Nukualofa, Tongatabu, Tonga Islands. , 

Nyborg, Denmark 

Nystad, Finland, Russia 

Oakland, California 

Oban, Scotland 

Obok, Tadjurra Bay, Northeast Africa 

Odessa, Russia 

Ogdensburg, New York 

Ohama, Japan 

Old Calabar (Slave Coast) Guinea 

Olehleh, Sumatra 

Olympia, Washington 

Onrust Island, Java. (/See Batavia.) 

Oporto, Portugal 

Opua, New Zealand 

Oran, Algeria 

Oregon City, Oregon. (>See Portland.) 

Oregrund, Sweden ■ 

Orient, France. {See L' Orient.) 

Orkney Islands, Scotland. {See Stromness.) 

Ortona, Italy. {See Ancona.) 

Osaka, Japan 

Oscarshamn, Sewden 



Page. 



140 
154 

90 

88 
126 

24 
120 
108 
104 

14 

74 

154 

34 

74 



114 

102 

154 

12 



96 
60 

134 

80 

160 

122 



Page. 
314 
348 
362 



120 



406 



INDEX TO POETS. 



Name of port. 



Coaling 
facilities. 



Docking 

and 
repairing 
facilities. 



Ostend, Belgium 

Oswego, New York 

Otago Harbor, New Zealand, (^^e Dunedin.) 

Otaru, Japan 

Otranto, Italy. (&e Brindisi.) 
Ounalaska, Alaska. (See Unalaska.) 

Owen Sound, Ontario 

Oyestreham, France 

Pacasmayo, Peru 

Padang, Sumatra 

Pago Pago, Tutuila, Samoan Islands 

Paimboeuf, France 

Paimpol, France 

Paita, Peru. {See Payta.) 

Palais (Belle-lie) , France 

Palembang, Sumatra 

Palermo, Sicily 

Palma, Majorca, Balearic Islands 

Palmas (Las) , Canary Islands. {See Las Palmaa.) 

Panama, Colombia 

Papeeta, Tahiti, Society Islands 

Par, England 

Para, Brazil 

Paramaribo, Dutch Guiana 

Parrsboro, Nova Scotia 

Pasages, Spain 

Passage West, Ireland 

Patras, Greece 

Pauillac, France 

Paysandu, Uruguay 

Payta, Peru 

Paz (La) , Argentina. {See La Paz.) 
Paz (La) , Mexico. {See La Paz.) 

Pembroke, Wales 

Penang, Straits Settlements 

Penarth, Wales 

Pensacola, Florida 

Penzance, England 

Perim Island, Strait of Bab-el-man-deb 

Pernambuco, Brazil 



Page. 
128 
12 

84 



66 
96 

72 



94 
144 
138 

66 



42 

42 

18 

132 



150 

132 

46 

66 



112 
96 

112 
26 

110 

102 
44 



INDEX TO P0BT3. 



40Y 



Name of port. 



Perth, Western Australia. {See Freemantle.) 

Perth Amboy, New Jersey , 

Peterhead, Scotland 

Petropaulovski, Kamchatka , 

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 

Philippeville, Algeria 

PichiUnque Bay, Mexico 

Picton, Ontario , 

Pictou, Nova Scotia 

Pillau, Germany , 

Piraeus, Greece 

Pisagua, Chile 

Plata (La) , Argentina. {See Ensenada.) 

Plymouth, England 

Point de Galle, Ceylon 

Pointe-^-Pitre, Guadeloupe, French West Indies 

Pointe des Galets, Reunion 

Pola, Austria 

Ponapi, Caroline Islands. {See Santiago.) 

Ponce, Puerto Rico 

Pondicherry, India 

Ponta Delgada, St. Michaels, Azores 

Pontianak, Borneo , 

Poole, England , 

Porsgrund, Norway , 

Port Adelaide, South Australia 

Port Ahuriri, New Zealand. {See Napier.) 

Port Angeles, Washington 

Port Antonio, Jamaica 

Port Arthur, China 

Port Arthur, Ontario 

Port-au-Prince, Hayti 

Port Blair, Andaman Islands 

Port Casilda, Cuba. {See Trinidad.) 

Port Castries, St. Lucia, British West Indies — 

Port Chalmers, New Zealand 

Port Clarence, Alaska 

Port Colborne, Ontario 

Port Dalhousie, Ontario 

Port Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia 



Coaling 
facilities. 




110 

100 

40 

52 

148 

38 

98 

162 

94 



118 
78 

58 
36 
86 
6 
36 
96 

40 
82 
54 
10 
10 
76 



408 



INDEX TO POKTS. 



Name of port. 



Port du Douhet, France 

Port Elizabeth, Cape Colony 

Port Ellesmere, England 

Port Glasgow, Scotland 

Port Hawkesbury, Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia 

Porthcawl, Wales 

Port Hood, Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia 

Port Hope, Ontario 

Port Huron, Michigan 

Port Ibrahim, Egypt. {See Suez.) 

Portishead, England 

Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. {See Sidney.) 

Port Joggins, Nova Scotia 

Port Kennedy, Thursday Island, Torres Straits 

Portland, England 

Portland, Maine 

Portland, Oregon 

PortLauney, France 

Port Limon, Costa Rica 

Port Los Angeles, California 

Port Louis, Mauritius 

PortMahon, Minorca, Balearic Islands 

Port Moody, British Columbia 

Port Morant, Jamaica 

Port Mulgrave, Nova Scotia 

Port Natal, South Africa. {See Durban.) 

Port Nicholson, New Zealand. {See Wellington.) 

Porto Corsini, Italy. {See Ancona.) 

Porto Ferraio, Island of Elba, Italy. {See Leghorn.) 

Port Ocos, Guatemala 

Port of Spain, Trinidad, British West Indies 

Porto Grande, St. Vincent, Cape Verde Islands 

Porto Maurizio, Italy. {See Savona.) 

Porto Praya, Santiago, Cape Verde Islands 

Port Orchard, Washington 

Porto Torres, Sardinia. {See Maddalena.) 

Port Phillip, Victoria, Australia. {See Melbourne.) 

Port Royal, Jamaica 

Port Royal, South Carolina 

Port Said, Egypt 



Coaling 
facilities. 



Page. 
50 



114 
16 



14 
10 



18 
76 
110 
18 
60 



30 
62 
54 
138 
56 
36 
16 



Docking 

and 
repairing 
facilities. 



64 

42 

164 

164 



36 

24 
158 



INDEX TO POKTS. 



409 



Name of port. 



Coaling 
facilities. 



Docking 

and 
repairing 
facilities. 



Port San Luis d'Apra, Guam 

Port Sarnia, Ontario _. 

Portsmouth, Dominica, British West Indies 

Portsmouth, England 

Portsmoutli, New Hampshire 

Portsmouth, Virginia. {See Norfolk.) 

Port Stanley, Falkland Islands 

Port Talbot, "Wales 

Port Tampa, Florida 

Port To wnsend, Washington 

Port Tupper, Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia. (See Port Hawkes- 
bury.) 

Port Vendres, France 

Port Weld, Malay 

Port Yanez, Chile 

Poros, Greece 

Poti, Russia 

Pozzuoli, Italy 

Prescott, Ontario 

Preston, England 

Providence, Rhode Island 

Prye Biver, Straits Settlements. {See Penang.) 

Puerto Barrios, Guatemala 

Puerto Caballos, Honduras. {See Puerto Cortez.) 

Puerto Cabello, Venezuela 

Puerto Cortez, Honduras 

Puerto de la Luz, Canary Islands 

Puerto Plata, San Domingo 

Puget Sound Naval Station, Port Orchard, Washington* 

Pulo Brasse, Sumatra. {See Acheen.) 

Pulo Laut, Borneo 

Pulo Way, Sumatra. {See Acheen.) 
Punta Arenas, Chile. {See Sandy Point.) 

Punta Arenas, Costa Rica 

Quartermaster Harbor, Washington. {See Tacoma.) 

Quebec, Quebec 

Queenstown, Ireland 

Quitta (Gold Coast) , Guinea 

Rabat, Morocco 

Ramsgate, England 



Page. 

92 

8 

40 

108 

18 

48 



26 

58 



138 
70 

154 
12 
20 
28 



32 

28 



38 



94 



64 

12 
116 
166 
162 



Page. 



410 



INDEX TO PORTS. 



Kame of port. 



Bangoon, British Burmah 

Eavenna, Italy 

Redon, France 

Beikiavik, Iceland — 

Reunion. (See St. Denis.) 

Bevel, Buasia 

Rhodes, Island of Rhodes, Asia Minor 

Rhyl, Wales 

Riga, Russia 

Bio Caribe, Venezuela 

Bio de Janeiro, Brazil 

Bio Grande do Sul, Brazil 

Bio Hacha, Colombia 

Bimini, Italy 

Eisor, Norway 

Biver Cameroon 

Bochef ort, France 

Rochelle (La) , France. (See La Bochelle.) 

Bochester, England 

Bockhampton, Queensland, Australia 

Bockland, Maine 

Bodi, Italy 

Bonne, Island of Bomholm, Denmark 

Bosario, Argentina 

Boseau, Dominica, British West Indies 

Bostock, Germany 

Rostoff-on-Don, Russia 

Rotterdam, Holland 

Rouen, France !. 

Boyan, France 

Budkjobing, Denmark 

Buncom, England 

Russell, New Zealand 

Rustchuk, Bulgaria 

Rye, England 

Sabanilla, Colombia 

Saginaw, Michigan 

Sagua la Grande, Cuba 

Saigon, Cochin China 

St. Catherines, Brazil. (See Desterro.) 



Coaling 
facilities. 



98 



116 

122 
156 



124 
32 
44 
44 
30 



132 



18 

148 

120 

46 

40 



Docking 

and 
repairing 
facilities. 



154 
126 
130 



80 
152 



30 

8 

34 

92 



Page. 
256 
356 
338 
306 



INDEX TO POETS. 



411 



Name of port. 



Coaling 
facilities. 



Doclcing 

and 
repairing 
facilities. 



St. Catherines, Ontario 

St. Christoplier, West Indies. {See Basseterre.) 
St. Croix, West Indies. (See Fredricksted.) 

St. Denis, E6union 

Saint Elena, Argentina 

Ste. Marie, Madagascar 

St. George, Bermuda 

St. George, Grenada, British West Indies 

St. Helena, Caroline Islands. (See Jamestown.) 

St. Helier, Jersey, Channel Islands 

St. John, New Brunswick 

St. Johns, Antigua, British West Indies 

St. Johns, Newfoundland 

St. Kitts, West Indies. (See Basseterre.) 

St. Louis du Rhone, France 

St. Lucia, West Indies. (See Port Castries.) 

St. Malo, France 

St. Marys Eoad, Scilly Islands, England 

St. Michels, Azores. (See Ponta Delgada.) 

St. Nazaire, France 

St. Nicolas, Hayti. (See Mole St. Nicolas. ) 

St. Paul de Loanda, West Africa 

St. Peter Port, Guernsey, Channel Islands 

St. Petersburg, Russia 

St. Pierre, Martinique, French West Indies 

St. Pierre, Miquelon Islands 

St. Pierre, Reunion 

St. Sampsons, Guernsey, Channel Islands 

St Servan, France - 

St. Stephen, New Brunswick 

St. Thomas, Danish West Indies 

St. Valery-sur-Somme, France 

St. Valery-en-Caux, France. 

St. Vincent, Cape Verde Islands. (See Porta Grande. ) 
St. Vincent, West Indies. (See Kingstown.) 

Salaverry, Peru 

Salerno, Italy 

Salgar, Colombia. (See Sabanilla.) 

Salonica, Turkey 

■ Samana,San Domingo 



Page. 
10 



52 
46 
52 
32 

42 

130 
18 
40 
14 



132 
110 

132 

48 
130 
122 
40 
14 
52 



132 
18 
38 



66 
144 

152 
38 



Page. 
176 



412 



INDEX TO PORTS. 



Nome of porL 



Samarang, Java 

Samoa, Samoa Islands. (Nti Apia.) 
Samos Island, Asia iMiiior. (>S(V Vathi.) 

Samsoun, Asiatic Turkey 

San Bias, Jlexioo 

Sandbank, Scotland. (Ai Greenock.) 

Sandefiord, Norway 

San Diego, California 

San Domingo, San Domingo 

Sandusky, Ohio 

Sandy Point, Chile 

San Fernando, Argentina 

San Francisco, California 

San Jose, Guatemala 

Sau Juan, Puerto Rico 

San Juan del Norte, Nicaragua, (.s^cc (,Treyto\vn.) 

San Juan del Sur, Nicaragua 

San Juan Nepomuceno, IMexioo. (Str Pichilinque Bay.) 

San Lucar, Spain 

San IMiguel, Azores. (Sir Ponta Delgada.) 

San Nicolas, Argentina 

San Nicolas, Hayti. (Scr Mole St. Nicolas.) 

San Pedro, Ai^^tina 

San Pedro, California 

San Pedro de Macoris, San Domingo 

San Sebastian, Spain 

San Stefano, Italy. (Sa- Civita Vecchia.) 
Santa Ana, Curagao. (Sir Willemstad.) 

Santa Barbara, California 

Santa Catharina, Brazil. (Sci- Desterro.) 

Santa Cruz, California 

Santa Cruz, Floras Island, Azores 

Santa Cruz, Teneriffe, Canary Islands 

Santa Cruz, West Indies. (.sVc Fredricksted.) 

Santa Marta, Colombia 

Santander, Spain 

Santiago, Cape Verde Islands. {Str Porto Praya.) 

Santiago, Cuba 

Santiago, Ponapi, Caroline Islands 

Santos, Brazil 




64 
136 

46 

46 

62 

88 

132 

62 



62 


222 


162 


868 


162 


368 


30 


198 


134 


.■!40 


36 


200 


92 


252 


44 


208 



INDEX TO PORTS. 



413 



Name o£ port. 



Coaling 
facilities. 



Docking 

and 
repairing 
facilities. 



Sarawak, Borneo. {See Kuching.) 

Sassebo, Japan 

Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan , 

Savannah, Georgia 

Savona, Italy , 

Scilly Islands, England. {See St. Marys Eoad.) 
Scio Island, Asia Minor. {See Castro.) 

Seaham, England 

Seattle, Washington 

Sebastopol, Russia 

Sebenico, Austria. {See Pola.) 

Selby , England 

Setubal, Portugal 

Seville, Spain 

Seychelles Islands. {See Mah6.) 
Seyne (La) , France. {See La Seyne.) 

Shanghai, China 

Sharpness, England 

Sheboygan, Michigan. {See Cheboygan.) 

Sheerness, England , 

Shelburne, Nova Scotia 

Shetland Islands, Scotland. {See Lerwick.) 
Shields (North) , England. {See North Shields.) 
Shields (South) , England. {See South Shields.) 

Shoreham, England 

Sidon, Syria 

Sierra Leone, Africa. {See Freetown.) 

Simonoseki, Japan 

Simons Town, Cape Colony 

Singapore, Straits Settlements 

Sitka, Alaska 

Skidegate Inlet, Queen Charlotte's Islands, British Columbia . 

Skien, Norway 

Sligo, Ireland 

Slite, Island of Gothland, Sweden 

Smyrna, Asia Minor 

Society Islands. {See Papeete.) 

Soderhamn, Sweden 

Sorel, Quebec 

Souris, Prince Edward Island 



Page. 

86 

6 

24 

142 



58 
154 



134 
136 



110 

108 
16 



158 

86 

50 

96 

56 

56 

118 

116 

120 

156 

122 
12 
14 



Page. 



414 



INDEX TO PORTS. 



Name of port. 



South Amboy, New Jereey 

Southampton, England 

Soiithshields, England 

Solovetski, Eussia 

Solvesberg, Sweden 

Spalato, Austria 

Spezia, Italy 

Stavanger, Norway 

Stettin, Germany 

Stockholm, Sweden 

Stomoway, Island of Lewis, Hebrides 

Stralsund, Germany 

Stromness, Orkney Islands 

Suaiim, Egypt 

Subig, Philippine Islands 

Suda Bay, Crete 

Suez, Egypt 

Sulina, Roumania 

Summerside, Prince Edward Island 

Sunderland, England 

Sundsvall, Sweden 

Superior, Wisconsin. {See West Superior.) 

Surabaya, Java 

Suva, Viti Levu, Fiji Islands 

Sveaborg, Russia 

Svendborg, Denmark 

Swansea, Wales 

Swatow, China 

Swinemunde, Germany 

Sydney, Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia 

Sydney, New South Wales, Australia 

Syra, Island of Syra, Greece 

Syracuse, Sicily 

Table Bay, Cape Colony. (See Cape Town.) 

Taboga Island, Colombia 

Tacoma, Washington 

Taganrog, Russia 

Tahiti, Society Islands. [See Papeete.) 

Taku, China 

Talcahuano, Chile 



Coaling 
facilities. 



Page. 

22 

108 

104 



150 
142 
116 
124 
122 
114 



102 
102 



156 
102 
152 
14 
106 
122 

94 

74 

122 



112 
90 

124 
14 
78 

152 

146 

224 

58 

154 



70 



Docking 

and 
repairing 
facilities. 



Page. 



INDEX TO POETS. 



415 



Name of port. 



Taltal, Chile 

Tamatave, Madagascar , 

Tampico, Mexico 

Tamsui, Formosa , 

Tancarville, France. {See Honfleur.) 

Tangier, Morocco 

Tanjong Pagar, Straits Settlements. (<See Singapore.) 
Tanjong Priok, Java. {See Batavia.) 

Taranto, Italy 

Tarragona, Spain '. 

Tatung, China. {See Wuhn.) 

Teigmnouth, England 

Teneriffe, Canary Islands. {See Santa Cruz.) 
Terceira, Azores, (fe Angra.) 

Temate, Temate Island., Moluccas 

Three Elvers, Quebec 

Thursday Island, Torres Straits. {See Port Kennedy.) 

Tidnish, Nova Scotia 

Tientsin, China 

Tigani, Island of Samos, Asia Minor 

Tilbury, England 

Tilt Cove, Newfoundland 

Timaru, New Zealand 

Toba, Japan 

Tobago, British West Indies 

Tocopilla, Chile 

Tokyo, Japan 

Toledo, Ohio 

Tonga Islands. {See Nei-Aiu.) 

Tongoy, Chile 

Tonnay-Charente, France 

Tonning, Germany 

Tonsberg, Norway 

Tontoli, Celebes 

Topsham, England - 

Toronto, Ontario 

Torre deU' Annunziata, Italy 

Torres Straits. {See Port Kennedy.) 

Torrevieja, Spain 

Toulon, France 



Coaling 
facilities. 



Docking 

and 

repairing 

facilities. 



Page. 
68 
52 
28 
90 



160 



146 
138 



74 
12 

14 

88 

156 

108 

14 



68 



70 



118 
76 



Page. 
'i2A 
214 
196 
250 



10 
144 

138 
140 



416 



INDEX TO PORTS. 



Name of port. 



Coaling 
facilities. 



Docking 

and 
repairing 
facilities. 



Townsville, Queensland, Australia 

Ti-apani, Sicily. (Sti' Palermo.) 
Ti-avemiinde, Germany. (Set' Lubeck.) 

Ti-ani, Italy 

Trebizonde, Asiatic Turkey 

Tremiti Islands, Italy, (.'^ci' Rodi.) 

Treport, France 

Trieste, Austria 

Trincomalee, Ceylon 

Trinidad, Cuba '. 

Trinidad, AVest Indies. (&•<' Port-of-Spain.) 

Tripoli, Syria 

Tripoli, Tripoli 

Tromso, Norway 

Trondhjem, Norway 

Troon, Scotland 

Trouville, France 

Truxillo, Honduras 

TuUear, Madagascar 

Tumbez, Peru 

Tunis, Tunis 

Turks Island, British AVest Indies 

Turnu Severin, Eoumania 

Tuxpan, Mexico 

Two Harbors, Minnesota 

Uleaborg, Russia 

Umea, Sweden 

Unalaska, Alaska 

Unga Island, Alaska. (Sir Coal Harbor.) 
Union (La) , San Salvador. (.Sec La Union.) 

Union AVharf, British Columbia 

Uraga, Japan 

Vadso, Norway 

A'^aldivia, Chile 

Valencia, Spain 

Valetta, Malta 

Valparaiso, Chile 

Vancouver, British Columbia 

Vardo, Norway 

Varelerhaven, Germany. {See AVilhelmshaven.) 



Page. 
78 



156 



148 
98 
3i 

158 

160 

116 

116 

114 

130 

28 

52 

66 

160 

34 



28 
6 



54 



56 



116 
70 

138 

146 
70 
56 

116 



Page. 
230 



INDEX TO PORTS. 



417 



Name ol port. 



Varna, Bulgaria 

Vathi, Island of Samoa, Asia Minor 

Vavu, Tonga Islands. {See Nei-Afu.) 

Vegesack, Germany ^ 

Venghazi, Africa 

Venice, Italy 

Vera Cruz, Mexico 

Viana do Castello, Portugal 

Viborg, Russia. {See Wiborg.) 

Victoria, British Columbia 

Victoria, Labuan Islands, British East Indies . . 

Vigo, Spain 

Villa Real, Portugal 

Villefranche, France 

Vizagapatam, India 

Vladivostok, Siberia 

Volo, Greece 

Walfisch Bay, West Africa 

Wallsend. {See Newcastle-on-Tyne.) 

Warberg, Sweden 

Warrenpoint, Ireland 

Washburn, Wisconsin 

Washington, District of Columbia 

Waterford, Ireland 

Way (Pulo), Sumatra. (See Acheen.) 

Weehawken, New Jersey 

Wei-hai- Wei, China 

Wellesley, Straits Settlements. {See Penang.) 

Wellington, New Zealand 

Wenchow, China 

West Bay City, Michigan 

Western Point, England 

Westervik, Sweden 

West Hartlepool, England 

West Superior, Wisconsin ■ 

Wexford, Ireland 

Weymouth, England. {See Portland.) 

Whampoa, China 

Whangerei, New Zealand 

Whitby, England 

12477 27 



Coaling 
faoillties. 



Page. 
152 
156 



148 
28 



56 

94 

134 



140 



82 

152 

48 



6 

22 

119 

20 



80 
90 



106 

6 

114 

92 
80 



Docking 

and 
repairing 
lacilitles. 



Page. 
360 
364 



418 



INDEX TO PORTS. 



Name of port. 



Whitehaven, England 

Whitstable, England 

Whydah, Dahomey 

Wiborg, Bussia 

Wilhelmshaven, Grermany 

Willemsoord, Holland 

Willemstad, Curasao 

Williamstown, Victoria, Australia 

Wilmington, California. (&? San Pedro.) 

Wilmington, Delaware 

Wilmington, North Carolina 

Windau, Germany , 

Windsor, Nova Scotia 

Windsor, Ontario 

Wivenhoe, England 

Wolgast, Germany 

Woolwich, England ; 

Workington, England 

Wuhu, Yangtse River, China , 

Wyandotte, Michigan , 

Wyk (Fohr Island) , Germany 

Yarmouth, England. {See Great Yai-mouth.) 

Yarmouth, Nova Scotia 

Yingtse, China. (See Ninchwang.) 
Ymuiden, Holland. {See Amsterdam.) 

Yokohama, Japan 

Yokosuka, Japan 

Ystad, Sweden 

Zante, Island of Zante, Greece 

Zanzibar, East Africa 

Zara, Austria. {See Pola.) 

Zarate, Argentina 

Zebu, Philippine Islands. {See Cebu.) 



Coaling 
facilities. 


Opcking 

and 
repairing 
facilities. 


Page. 


Page. 


112 


298 




282 


166 


370 


122 


318 


126 


328 


126 


328 


32 


198 


78 


234 



24 



16 

S 



112 



16 



84 

84 

120 

150 

52 



o 



WkT"-